Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology (J Canc Res Clin Oncol)

Publisher: Deutsche Krebsgesellschaft, Springer Verlag

Journal description

Official Organ of the Deutsche Krebsgesellschaft The Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology contains significant and up-to-date articles within the fields of experimental and clinical oncology. The Journal which is chiefly devoted to Original papers and Rapid communications (given priority treatment by the Editors) also includes Reviews as well as Editorials and Guest editorials on current controversial topics. The section Letters to the editors provides a forum for a rapid exchange of comments and information concerning previously published papers and topics of current interest. Meeting reports provide current information on the latest results presented at important congresses. The following fields are covered: Carcinogenesis - etiology mechanisms · Molecular biology · Recent developments in tumor therapy · General diagnosis · Laboratory diagnosis · Diagnostic and experimental pathology · Oncologic surgery · Epidemiology.

Current impact factor: 3.01

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 3.009
2012 Impact Factor 2.914
2011 Impact Factor 2.558
2010 Impact Factor 2.485
2009 Impact Factor 2.261
2008 Impact Factor 2.217
2007 Impact Factor 2.366
2006 Impact Factor 2.469
2005 Impact Factor 2.503
2004 Impact Factor 2.409
2003 Impact Factor 2.162
2002 Impact Factor 2.197
2001 Impact Factor 2.194
2000 Impact Factor 1.789
1999 Impact Factor 1.052
1998 Impact Factor 1.183
1997 Impact Factor 1.154
1996 Impact Factor 1.093
1995 Impact Factor 1.459
1994 Impact Factor 1.654
1993 Impact Factor 1.307
1992 Impact Factor 1.82

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 2.75
Cited half-life 5.60
Immediacy index 0.45
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.73
Website Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology website
Other titles Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology (Online), J cancer res clin oncol
ISSN 1432-1335
OCLC 43039749
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as arXiv.org
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Oral cancer (OC) patients are at high risk to develop recurrent disease or secondary primary cancers with no available biomarkers to detect these events until a visible lesion is readily present and diagnosed by biopsy. Exosomes secreted by cancer cells are involved in tumor growth, invasion and metastasis. We aimed to determine morphological and molecular differences between oral fluid (OF)-derived exosomes of OC patients and those isolated from healthy individuals (HI). OF from OC patients (n = 36) and HI (n = 25) was initially assessed by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA). Following ultracentrifugation, exosomal pellets of OC patients and HI were morphologically examined by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blotting (WB) were used to analyze the expression of exosomal markers-CD9, CD81 and CD63. NTA showed that OC samples of OF had a significantly higher concentration of nanoparticles/ml (p = 0.01) and modal nanoparticle size (p = 0.002) compared to HI. The difference in size was structurally highlighted by AFM three-dimensional images applied on exosomal pellets. ELISA and WB showed differential expression of exosomal markers in OC exosomes compared to HI: lower expression of CD81 and CD9 in contrast to a higher expression of CD63 (~53 kDa). OF-derived exosomes from OC patients differ both morphologically and molecularly from exosomes present in HI. This study is a baseline that provides a starting point for finding exosomal biomarkers for early detection of malignant changes in high-risk patients without overt clinical signs/lesions.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-2005-3
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    ABSTRACT: Gliomas are the leading cause of cancer-related morbidity in children and comprise a clinical, histological and molecular heterogenous group of CNS tumors. Appropriate treatment of these tumors relies on correct classification into tumor types and malignancy grades. We examined 170 (0-18 years) pediatric and 131 (19-35 years) young adult brain tumors including pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs), pilomyxoid astrocytomas (PMAs), diffuse astrocytomas (DAs), gangliogliomas, dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNTs) and pleomorphic xanthoastrocytomas (PXAs) for IDH1 and BRAF mutation/BRAF fusion gene status. The obtained data were compared to results in 464 (<35 years) adult brain tumors. In 32 tumors with an oligodendroglial or mixed glioma differentiation, additionally the LOH1p/19q status was determined. By combining immunohistochemistry and molecular methods, IDH1/2 mutations were observed in 6 pediatric, 35 young adult and 43 adult tumors of the astrocytic/oligodendroglial lineage. BRAF V600E mutations (20 pediatric, 7 young adults and 2 adults) were found mostly in gangliogliomas, PXAs, few astrocytomas and few DNTs. Except for one DA case, BRAF fusions (35 pediatric, 8 young adults and 2 adults) were restricted to PA and PMA and associated with age and infratentorial location. All mutations were mutually exclusive and always present in the primary tumor. Two-thirds of all pediatric samples harbored one of the three examined mutations. Combination of IDH1-R132, BRAF V600 and KIAA1549-BRAF fusion analysis is therefore a useful tool to increase diagnostic accuracy in pediatric gliomas.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-2006-2
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    ABSTRACT: In 2009, the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) incorporated the tumor mitotic rate in the melanoma pathological TNM staging system. To investigate the effect of this change on the pT1 substaging of primary cutaneous melanomas, we reclassified the cases collected by a cancer registry according to the 6th and the 7th editions of AJCC melanoma staging. Patients with pathological T1 melanoma diagnosed in the period 2000-2008 were selected from Tuscan Cancer Registry. The histological reports were reviewed and pT1 melanomas classified according to both the 6th and the 7th editions of the AJCC staging system. The shift of melanomas between pT1 substages was analyzed. Among the 242 pT1 melanomas collected in the study period and with mitotic index available, there were 202 (83 % of all pT1) and 175 (72 %) pT1a, according to the 6th and the 7th editions of the AJCC melanoma staging, respectively. When the 7th edition was used, 20 % of all pT1a melanomas shifted to pT1b, and 32 % of all pT1b melanomas shifted to pT1a. A poor level agreement between the two TNM staging systems, measured by the Cohen's kappa coefficient, was found (K = 0.37). The addition of mitotic activity to the pathological staging resulted in an increase in pT1b proportion and in a change in the classification of some cases. This modification could influence the clinical approach, with a different use of the sentinel lymph node biopsy, and underlines the role of mitosis evaluation in the management of thin melanoma patients.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-2007-1
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal expression of miRNAs is intimately related to a variety of human cancers. The purpose of this study is to confirm the expression of miR-181a and elucidate its physiological function and mechanism in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Pediatric AML patients and healthy controls were enrolled, and the expression of miR-181a and ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) in tissues were examined using quantitative PCR. Moreover, cell proliferation and cell cycle were evaluated in several cell lines (HL60, NB4 and K562) by using flow cytometry after transfected with miR-181a mimics and inhibitors, or ATM siRNA and control siRNA. Finally, ATM as the potential target protein of miR-181a was examined. We found that miR-181a was significantly increased in pediatric AML, which showed an inverse association with ATM expression. Overexpressed miR-181a in cell lines significantly enhanced cell proliferation, as well as increased the ratio of S-phase cells by miR-181a mimics transfection in vitro. Luciferase activity of the reporter construct identified ATM as the direct molecular target of miR-181a. ATM siRNA transfection significantly enhanced cell proliferation and increased the ratio of S-phase cells in vitro. The results revealed novel mechanism through which miR-181a regulates G1/S transition and cell proliferation in pediatric AML by regulating the tumor suppressor ATM, providing insights into the molecular mechanism in pediatric AML.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1995-1
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    ABSTRACT: Altered cellular metabolism has received increased attention as an important hallmark of cancer. Activation of FASN has been found to be involved in many human tumors. Despite extensive research in FASN function on cancer, the underlying mechanism is not entirely understood yet. Cerulenin was used to suppress the FASN expression in human colorectal cancer cell lines (HT29 and LoVo). Expression of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, p-mTOR, FASN, and AZGP1 was measured using western blotting and qPCR. ATP and lactic acid were assessed to investigate the activation of energy metabolism. Cell cytotoxicity assay was studied by cell counting kit-8 assay. The capacity of cell proliferation and migration was investigated by clonogenic and invasion assay. Analysis of apoptosis and the cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. We found that the expression of FASN was down-regulated, while the expression of PI3K, p-Akt, p-mTOR, and AZGP1 was down-regulated in HT29 and LoVo cells treated with FASN inhibitor. Proliferation was reduced in FASN inhibitor-treated cells, which is consistent with an increased apoptosis rate. Furthermore, the migration of FASN inhibitor-treated cells was decreased and the content of ATP and lactic acid was also dropped. These findings suggest that inhibited FASN suppresses the malignant phenotype of colorectal cancer cells by down-regulating energy metabolism and mTOR signaling pathway. The results have paved the way to understand the relations of FASN, mTOR signaling pathway, and energy metabolism in colorectal cancer cells.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-2000-8
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    ABSTRACT: As one of the members of the PLC family, the phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase Cε (PLCε) has been shown to play pivotal roles in multiple signal pathways and control a variety of cellular functions. A number of studies have shown that aberrant regulation of PLCε was involved in various types of animal and human cancer. However, the role of PLCε in cancer remains elusive. In this review, we provide an overview of the PLCε, especially its roles in multiple signal pathways, and summarize the recent findings that highlight the roles of PLCε in carcinogenesis and cancer progression, making an avenue to provide a novel therapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancer. A literature search mainly paying attention to the network of PLCε involved in tumorigenesis and development was performed in electronic databases. PLCε plays a key role in medicating the development and progression of human cancers with highest potency to be a target of cancer prevention and treatment.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1999-x
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    ABSTRACT: In colorectal cancer (CRC), despite the complex inducing and regulating mechanism in necrosis progress, the prognostic value of tumor necrosis has been reported. It is generally recognized that necrosis is associated with many process involving severe hypoxia, inflammatory responses and angiogenesis, all of which contribute to promote tumor growth and poor prognosis. In addition to local hypoxia, regulation by RIP kinase and the conversion from apoptosis to necrosis can result in necrosis also. Recent studies showed necrosis can be a histopathologic characteristic for special molecular phenotype of CRC. A novel and attractive complementary treatment, tumor necrosis therapy, using radiolabelled compounds avid for necrosis has emerged. However, the complicated regulatory mechanisms of tumor necrosis were rarely reported in CRC, and we collected and reviewed these effect and relevance in CRC.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1997-z
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    ABSTRACT: One of the hypotheses regarding the genesis of epithelial ovarian cancer involves the action of androgens on the proliferation of epithelial ovarian cells, as well as inclusion cysts. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether DHT causes changes in the TGF-β1 pathway that might modify the anti-proliferative effect of the latter. The levels of TGF-β1 protein, of its receptors (TGFBR1 and TGFBR2), of Smad2/3 (canonical signaling pathway protein) and of p21 (cell cycle protein) were assessed in ovarian tissues, epithelial ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780) and control cell lines (HOSE) through the use of immunohistochemistry and immunocytochemistry. Additionally, cell lines were treated with 100 nmol/L DHT, 10 ng/mL of TGF-β1 and DHT + TGF-β1 during 72 h in the presence and absence of a siRNA against androgen receptor. After treatment, TGFBR1 and TGFBR2 levels were detected through Western blotting and p21 was assessed through immunocytochemistry. Epithelial ovarian cancer tissues showed a decrease in TGF-β1 I receptor (p < 0.05) and a change in Smad2/3 protein levels. Additionally, after treatment of cell lines with DHT, protein levels of TGF-β1 receptors (TGFBR1-TGFBR2) showed a decrease (p < 0.05) that might cause a potential disorder in TGF-β1 response, represented by the significant decrease in p21 protein levels in the presence of DHT (p < 0.001). Overall, our results indicate a defect in the canonical TGF-β signaling pathway in epithelial ovarian cancer caused by androgen action, thus suggesting eventual changes in such tissue proliferation rates.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1998-y
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    ABSTRACT: The expansion of micrometastatic tumors to macrometastatic ones is thought to be tightly regulated by several microenvironmental factors. The aim of this study was to elucidate the morphological and phenotypical differences between micrometastatic and macrometastatic tumors. We first examined the morphological characteristics of 66 lymph node (LN) micrometastatic tumors (less than 2 mm in size) and 51 macrometastatic tumors (more than 10 mm in size) in 42 lung adenocarcinoma cases. Then, we evaluated the expression level of E-cadherin, S100A4, ALDH1, and Geminin in cancer cells and the number of smooth muscle actin (SMA), CD34, and CD204 (+) stromal cells in the primary tumors, matched micrometastatic tumors, and macrometastatic tumors (n = 34, each). Tumor budding reflects the process of EMT, and stromal reactions were observed more frequently in macrometastatic tumors (P < 0.001). E-cadherin staining score for the micrometastatic tumors was significantly higher than that for the primary tumors (P < 0.001). In contrast, the E-cadherin staining score for the macrometastatic tumors was significantly lower than that for the micrometastatic tumors (P = 0.017). As for the stromal cells, the numbers of SMA (+) fibroblasts, CD34 (+) microvessels, and CD204 (+) macrophages were significantly higher for the macrometastatic tumors and primary tumors than for the micrometastatic tumors (P < 0.001, all). The present study clearly showed that dynamic microenvironmental changes (e.g., EMT-related changes in cancer cells and structural changes in stromal cells) occur during the growth of micrometastases into macrometastases.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1996-0
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    ABSTRACT: Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is involved in somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination processes in the antibody formation. The AID activity induces gene mutations and could be associated with transformation processes of B cells. Nevertheless, the relation between AID expression and the prognosis of B cell lymphoma patients remains uncharacterized. We examined expression levels of the AID gene in 89 lymph node specimens from lymphoma and non-lymphoma patients with Northern blot analysis and investigated an association with their survival. The AID gene was preferentially expressed in B cell lymphoma in particular in diffuse large B cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. We confirmed AID protein expression in the mRNA-positive but not in the negative specimens with Western blot analysis and immunohistochemical staining. Survival of the patients treated with cyclophosphamide-/doxorubicin-/vincristine-/prednisone-based chemotherapy demonstrated that the prognosis of diffuse large B cell patients was unfavorable in the mRNA-positive group compared with the negative group, and that AID expression levels were correlated with the poor prognosis. In contrast, AID expression was not linked with the prognosis of follicular lymphoma patients. AID expression is a predictive marker for an unfavorable outcome in DLBCL patients treated with the chemotherapy.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-2001-7
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    ABSTRACT: SIRT1-activating compounds (STACs) may have potential in the management of cancer. However, the best-studied STAC, the naturally occurring compound resveratrol, is reported to have contradictory effects in combination chemotherapy regimens: It has been shown both to increase and to decrease the action of anticancer agents. To shed more light on this issue, we comparatively investigated the impact of resveratrol and the synthetic STAC SRT1720 on the responsiveness of Ewing's sarcoma (ES) cells to the chemotherapeutic drugs etoposide and vincristine. Because the effects of STACs can depend on the functionality of the tumor suppressor protein p53, we used three ES cell lines differing in their p53 status, i.e., wild-type p53 WE-68 cells, mutant p53 SK-ES-1 cells and p53 null SK-N-MC cells. Single agent and combination therapy effects were assessed by flow cytometric analyses of propidium iodide uptake and mitochondrial depolarization, by measuring caspase 3/7 activity and by gene expression profiling. When applied as single agents, both STACs were effective in ES cells irrespective of their p53 status. Strikingly, however, when applied in conjunction with cytostatic agents, the STACs displayed reverse effects: SRT1720 largely enhanced etoposide- and vincristine-induced cell death, while resveratrol inhibited it. Combination index analyses validated the antipodal impact of the STACs on the effectiveness of the chemotherapeutics. These findings suggest that the synthetic STAC SRT1720 may be useful to enhance the efficacy of anticancer therapy in ES. But they also suggest that the dietary intake of the natural STAC resveratrol may be detrimental during chemotherapy of ES.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1994-2
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    ABSTRACT: The retinoic acid signaling pathway, crucial for differentiation, is silenced by epigenetic mechanisms in many cancers. Epigenetically active, chromatin-modifying agents offer a novel treatment approach, by reactivating aberrantly silenced genes in tumor cells and by sensitizing them to subsequent treatments. We hypothesized that the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells with a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor may prime them to the antiproliferative and differentiating activity of all-trans retinoic acid. The NSCLC cell lines A549, NCI-H460 and HCC827 were treated with ATRA (2 µM) and the pan-HDAC inhibitor panobinostat (LBH589; 10-35 nM). While treatment with ATRA alone showed only very modest effects, panobinostat reduced cellular proliferation by at least 50 %. Notably, the combination of panobinostat and ATRA had additive and synergistic effects, respectively, on growth inhibition and differentiation, with almost no cytotoxicity. Effects were strongest in A549, followed by the EGFR-mutant HCC827, and least pronounced in NCI-H460. Global histone H3 acetylation was strongly induced by panobinostat; interestingly, ATRA alone had also an effect on histone acetylation, which was synergistically enhanced when the HDAC inhibitor was added. The combination of the two drugs additively decreased expression of phospho-ERK and phospho-AKT, whereas p53 and p21(CIP1/WAF1) proteins were both induced. Panobinostat sensitized, to varying degrees, all three cell lines to the antiproliferative and differentiating effects of ATRA, with synergistic histone H3 acetylation. Combination therapy with an epigenetic drug and ATRA may offer an alternative to aggressive chemotherapy even in primary ATRA-insensitive tumors, such as adenocarcinomas of the lung.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1987-1
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    ABSTRACT: Activating KIT mutations are part of the pathogenesis of systemic mastocytosis (SM). Nilotinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that potently inhibits activated forms of KIT. This phase 2, open-label, single-arm study (CAMN107A2101; www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT00109707) evaluated nilotinib in patients with SM. Patients with SM [aggressive SM (ASM), indolent SM, or other] received nilotinib 400 mg twice daily. C-findings were collected retrospectively to assess response using criteria proposed after trial initiation. Response was evaluated using improvements in laboratory findings (for all patients) and ASM response criteria (for the ASM subgroup). In 61 patients enrolled, the median nilotinib exposure was 232 days (range 3-1274 days) with a median follow-up of 34.7 months. In patients with ASM (n = 37), the overall response rate was 21.6 %. In the eight responders, all of whom had a KIT D816V mutation at any time, mast cell infiltration and tryptase level decreased by 70 % and 29.8 %, respectively; absolute neutrophil count increased by 94.7 %. Laboratory parameters also improved in the non-ASM subgroups. Overall survival at 24 months was 81.2 % (95 % CI 70.6-91.8 %) with median survival not yet reached. New or worsening grade 3/4 hematologic adverse events (AEs) included thrombocytopenia (10.3 %), anemia (10.0 %), and neutropenia (6.9 %). The most common grade 3/4 nonhematologic drug-related AEs were diarrhea (6.6 %) and headache (4.9 %). Eleven patients (9 with ASM, 2 with MCL) died, 10 due to progressive disease; 7 deaths occurred ≥28 days after treatment discontinuation. Nilotinib 400 mg twice daily was effective in some patients with SM, including patients with mutated KIT D816V.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1988-0
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    ABSTRACT: A previous study showed that flavopiridol increased doxorubicin sensitivity in hypoxic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells by increasing apoptosis through suppressing hypoxia-inducible N-myc downstream-regulated gene-1 (NDRG1) expression. However, this has not been investigated in an in vivo HCC model. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate whether the combination of doxorubicin and flavopiridol has a synergistic anti-tumor effect in an in vivo HCC model. An HCC mouse model was established by implanting C3H/He mouse with MH134 cells. Then, doxorubicin with or without flavopiridol was injected. The anti-tumor efficacy was assessed by evaluating tumor volumes, and the underlying mechanism was investigated by quantifying apoptotic cells, the Ki-67 proliferation index, and microvessel densities (MVDs). Immunohistochemistry of NDRG1 was performed to determine the underlying mechanism. Tumor growth was significantly suppressed in the doxorubicin + flavopiridol combination group compared to the other three groups. The percentage of apoptotic cells was significantly higher, and Ki-67-positive proliferating cells were significantly lower in the combination group compared to the other groups; however, MVDs were not significantly different across the groups. Increased apoptosis by flavopiridol occurred by suppressing hypoxia-inducible NDRG1 expression. These results show that a combination of doxorubicin and flavopiridol has a synergistic anti-tumor effect in an in vivo HCC model. This synergistic effect of combination therapy was attributed to increased apoptosis and decreased proliferation of tumor cells rather than decreased angiogenesis. These findings suggest that flavopiridol might be an effective adjuvant therapy to doxorubicin-resistant HCC cells by inducing apoptosis through suppression of NDRG1 expression.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1990-6
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    ABSTRACT: As the comprehensive genomic analysis of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) progresses, novel treatments for this disease need to be explored. With attention to the direct connection between the receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) of tumor cells and the pharmacological effects of specific inhibitors, we systematically assessed the RTK expressions of high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas of the lung [HGNECs, including SCLC and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC)]. Fifty-one LCNEC and 61 SCLC patients who underwent surgical resection were enrolled in this research. As a control group, 202 patients with adenocarcinomas (ADCs) and 122 patients with squamous cell carcinomas (SQCCs) were also analyzed. All the tumors were stained with antibodies for 10 RTKs: c-Kit, EGFR, IGF1R, KDR, ERBB2, FGFR1, c-Met, ALK, RET, and ROS1. The LCNEC and SCLC patients exhibited similar clinicopathological characteristics. The IHC scores for each RTK were almost equivalent between the LCNEC and SCLC groups, but they were significantly different from those of the ADC or SQCC groups. In particular, c-Kit was the only RTK that was remarkably expressed in both LCNECs and SCLCs. On the other hand, about 20 % of the HGNEC tumors exhibited strongly positive RTK expression, and this rate was similar to those for the ADC and SQCC tumors. Intriguingly, strongly positive RTKs were almost mutually exclusive in individual tumors. Compared with ADC or SQCC, LCNEC and SCLC had similar expression profiles for the major RTKs. The exclusive c-Kit positivity observed among HGNECs suggests that c-Kit might be a distinctive RTK in HGNEC.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1989-z
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    ABSTRACT: As one of the most essential components of mismatch repair system, MutL homolog 1 (MLH1) plays an increasingly implicated role in initiation and promotion of colorectal carcinogenesis, with germ-line mutations in different loci. However, whether a single genetic variant in MLH1 could predict the risk of cancer was still under doubt and recent studies yielded inconsistent results. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed at investigating the association between MLH1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and colorectal cancer (CRC) risks. A systematic literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science and BIOSIS databases was performed to obtain all available SNPs and studies. We focused on three SNPs (rs1800734, rs1799977 and rs63750448) with the most included studies and conducted overall and subgroup analyses after data extraction. A total of 37,347, 29,114 and 2722 patients in case and control groups were meta-analyzed in four genetic models (AA vs. BB, AB vs. BB, AA+AB vs. BB and AA vs. BB+AB) for each SNP. The overall results suggested that the mutation in rs63750447 predicted a higher CRC risk (AB vs. BB: OR 2.283, 95 % CI 1.612-3.232, P = 0.000; AA+AB vs. BB: OR 2.291, 95 % CI 1.618-3.244, P = 0.000), while rs1800734 and rs1799977 were not associated with CRC risks. Subgroup analysis according to study area, quality score and genotyping technique revealed the similar results. As the first meta-analysis reporting the association between rs63750448 and CRC risk, the A allele substitution might be a risk factor for CRC. Additionally, there was no persuasive evidence showing that SNPs of rs1800734 and rs1799977 were related to CRC susceptibility.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1976-4
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    ABSTRACT: Reliable information on stem cell toxicity and mobilization of stem cells for autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) after induction treatment with a combination of bendamustine, prednisone and bortezomib (BPV) is missing. A retrospective analysis of peripheral blood stem cell mobilization and autologous SCT was performed in 35 patients with MM who had received at least one cycle of a BPV-induction therapy consisting of bendamustine 60 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 2, bortezomib 1.3 mg/m(2) on days 1, 4, 8 and 11 and prednisone 100 mg on days 1, 2, 4, 8 and 11 between October 2008 and May 2014. The mobilization regimen consisted of cyclophosphamide 4 g/m(2) and G-CSF (2 × 5 μg/kg). Apheresis was started as soon as peripheral CD34(+) counts exceeded 20 × 10(6)/L with a harvest target of 8 × 10(6) CD34(+)/kg. The minimal accepted target was 2 × 10(6) CD34(+)/kg. The transplantation conditioning therapy consisted of melphalan 200 mg/m(2). A median number of two (range 1-5) BPV cycles were given. The majority of patients (n = 31, 89 %) responded with two sCR, five nCR, 11 VGPR and 13 PR after BPV induction. Three patients had MR, and one SD. Stem cell mobilization and harvest were successful in all patients. In 19 of 35 patients (54 %), a single apheresis was sufficient to reach the target. The median number of aphereses was one (range 1-4), and the median CD34(+) cell-count/kg was 13.5 (range 3.2-33.1) × 106. All patients received an autologous SCT. Engraftment was successful in 34 of 35 patients. The median time to a leukocyte count >l × 10(9)/L was 11 days, and the time to untransfused platelet count of >50 × 10(9)/L was 13 days. Thirty-four patients (97 %) responded after the autologous SCT with 11 sCR, two CR, seven nCR, seven VGPR and seven PR. The progression-free survival at 18 months was 87 %, and overall survival was 92 %. Stem cell mobilization and autologous SCT are feasible in MM patients who have received BPV-induction therapy .
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1984-4
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    ABSTRACT: With the improved survival of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients, development of second primary malignancy (SPM) has become an increasingly important issue in these long-term survivors. We conducted a retrospective study to analyze NHL patients diagnosed between January 1997 and December 2010 in Taiwan. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were applied to compare the risk of SPMs in NHL patients and the general population. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine the independent predictors of SPM. NHL patients have a significantly greater risk of developing SPM [SIR 1.43; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.32-1.55; p < 0.001). A significantly high SIR was noted for leukemia, myeloma, and neoplasms of the bone and soft tissue, thyroid, central nervous system, skin, stomach, head and neck, liver and biliary tract, and the lungs and mediastinum. Multivariate analysis revealed that age ≥60 years [hazard ratios (HR) 2.04], being male (HR 1.22), comorbidities of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR 1.34), liver cirrhosis (HR 1.50), hepatitis C infection (HR 1.94) and therapy containing radiotherapy (HR 1.38) were the significant predictors for SPM occurrence. The median follow-up time and survival time were 3.37 and 9.45 years, respectively. This Taiwanese population-based study provides updated data about the risk of SPM in NHL patients, demonstrating an approximately 1.5 time greater risk of SPM compared to the general population. A high risk of SPM for myeloma and hepatocellular carcinoma is unique to Asian patients.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00432-015-1979-1