Current Microbiology Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Current Microbiology offers a means of rapid publication of timely new information dealing with all aspects of microbial cells including prokaryotes and eukaryotes and, where appropriate, viruses. The topics included are general, medical, and applied microbiology and virology and span the disciplines of physiology, biochemistry, genetics, biotechnology, morphology, taxonomy, diagnostic methods, and immunology as applied to microorganisms. Papers describing new methodologies will also be considered. A series of short papers on the same or related topic is not appropriate for Current Microbiology.

Current impact factor: 1.36

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.359
2012 Impact Factor 1.52
2011 Impact Factor 1.815
2010 Impact Factor 1.51
2009 Impact Factor 1.33
2008 Impact Factor 1.33
2007 Impact Factor 1.167
2006 Impact Factor 1.007
2005 Impact Factor 1.059
2004 Impact Factor 1.075
2003 Impact Factor 1.125
2002 Impact Factor 1.21
2001 Impact Factor 1.059
2000 Impact Factor 1.029
1999 Impact Factor 1.165
1998 Impact Factor 1.094
1997 Impact Factor 1.011
1996 Impact Factor 1.092
1995 Impact Factor 0.962
1994 Impact Factor 0.983
1993 Impact Factor 1.087
1992 Impact Factor 0.94

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.65
Cited half-life 7.20
Immediacy index 0.19
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.45
Website Current Microbiology website
Other titles Current microbiology (Online)
ISSN 1432-0991
OCLC 41223110
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to develop a novel method to separate Microthrix parvicella (M. parvicella) filaments from activated sludge easily and quickly, as there are a few difficulties in the isolation of M. parvicella filaments, such as complicated isolation process, time consuming, etc. In this work, a series of hydrophobic plate with and without microchannels have been prepared for the separation of M. parvicella filaments. The results showed that the presence of microchannels and hydrophobic property of the hydrophobic plates affected the separation efficiency of M. parvicella significantly. The scanning electron microscope and Keyence Digital Microscope analysis results showed that the diameter of microchannels was similar to the width of M. parvicella filament, which was beneficial for the fastening of M. parvicella filaments on the plate. The hydrophobic property of the prepared plates was tested by contact angle of water droplets, and the results displayed that the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) plate possessed the highest contact angle compared with that of other plates, like polymethylmethacrylate, polystyrene plate, and PDMS plate with no hydrophobic microchannels. Thus, it was concluded that the high separation efficiency of PDMS plates to M. parvicella filaments was due to its best hydrophobic property.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0860-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The goal of this work was the investigation of correlation between some peculiarities of membrane fatty acids composition, biofilm formation, and motility of dam and/or seqA mutants in Salmonella typhimurium bacterial cells and UV-C radiations. The exposure changed the fatty acids composition of dam and seqA/dam strains. Significant increase of unsaturated fatty acids was observed. Swarming and swimming were enhanced only in dam mutant and biofilm formation increased significantly in all tested strains after UV-C exposure. These results suggest that increased sensitivity toward UV-C rays in dam strains might be due to fatty acid alteration.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0858-y
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays and 16S rRNA gene clone libraries were used to document the abundance, diversity and community structure of anaerobic ammonia-oxidising (anammox) bacteria in the rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere sediments of three emergent macrophyte species (Iris pseudacorus, Thalia dealbata and Typha orientalis). The qPCR results confirmed the existence of anammox bacteria (AMX) with observed log number of gene copies per dry gram sediment ranging from 5.00 to 6.78. AMX was more abundant in T. orientalis-associated sediments than in the other two plant species. The I. pseudacorus- and T. orientalis-associated sediments had higher Shannon diversity values, indicating higher AMX diversity in these sediments. Based on the 16S rRNA gene, Candidatus ‘Brocadia’, Candidatus ‘Kuenenia’, Candidatus ‘Jettenia’ and new clusters were observed with the predominant Candidatus ‘Kuenenia’ cluster. The I. pseudacorus-associated sediments contained all the sequences of the C. ‘Jettenia’ cluster. Sequences obtained from T. orientalis-associated sediments contributed more than 90 % sequences in the new cluster, whereas none was found from I. pseudacorus. The new cluster was distantly related to known sequences; thus, this cluster was grouped outside the known clusters, indicating that the new cluster may be a new Planctomycetales genus. Further studies should be undertaken to confirm this finding.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0851-5
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The endosomal compartment performs extensive sorting functions in most eukaryotes, some of which are accomplished with the help of the multivesicular body (MVB) sorting pathway. This pathway depends on the sequential action of complexes, termed the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT). After successful sorting, the crucial step of recycling of the ESCRT complex components requires the activation of the AAA ATPase Vps4, and Did2/Vps46 plays an important role in this activation event. The endolysosomal system of the protozoan parasite Giardia lamblia appears to lack complexity, for instead of having distinct early endosomes, late endosomes and lysosomes, there are only peripheral vesicles (PVs) that are located close to the cell periphery. Additionally, comparative genomics studies predict the presence of only a subset of the ESCRT components in G. lamblia. Thus, it is possible that the MVB pathway is not functional in G. lamblia. To address this issue, the present study focused on the two putative orthologues of Did2/Vps46 of G. lamblia as their function is likely to be pivotal for a functional MVB sorting pathway. In spite of considerable sequence divergence, compared to other eukaryotic orthologues, the proteins encoded by both these genes have the ability to function as Did2/Vps46 in the context of the yeast ESCRT pathway. Furthermore, they also localized to the cellular periphery, where PVs are also located. Thus, this report is the first to provide experimental evidence indicating the presence of a functional ESCRT component in G. lamblia by characterizing the putative Did2/Vps46 orthologues.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0844-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A soil bacterium designated strain JQ-41, capable of growth on fenpropathrin as the sole carbon source and energy source, was isolated from a long-term pyrethroid insecticide-treated orchard. Based on the morphology, physio-biochemical characteristics, and 16S rDNA gene analysis, as well as the G+C content of the genomic DNA, the strain JQ-41 was identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Up to 92.3 % of 50 mg l(-1) fenpropathrin was degraded by P. aeruginosa strain at 30 °C and pH 7 within 7 days. The kinetic parameters q max, K s, and K i were established to be 1.14 day(-1), 38.41 mg l(-1), and 137.67 mg l(-1), respectively, and the critical inhibitor concentration was determined to be 72.72 mg l(-1). Cell surface hydrophobicity of P. aeruginosa strain was enhanced during growth on fenpropathrin. Three metabolites from fenpropathrin degradation were identified by gas chromatography mass spectrometry, and then a possible degradation pathway was proposed. In addition, this isolate was also able to degrade a wide range of synthetic pyrethroid insecticides including cypermethrin, deltamethrin, bifenthrin, and cyhalothrin with the degradation process following the first-order kinetic model. Taken together, our results provide insights into the kinetics and mechanism of fenpropathrin degradation by P. aeruginosa strain and also highlight its promising potential in bioremediation of pyrethroid-contaminated environment.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0852-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A Gram-positive, motile, endospore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, designated RP-207(T), was isolated from the nodules of Robinia pseudoacacia L. plants planted in Enshi District, Hubei, PR China. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the novel strain was affiliated to the genus Paenibacillus, with its closest relatives being Paenibacillus xylanilyticus XIL14(T) (95.6 %), Paenibacillus peoriae DSM8320(T) (95.3 %) and Paenibacillus polymyxa DSM 36(T) (95.3 %). The DNA G+C content was 47.0 mol %. DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain RP-207(T) and P. xylanilyticus XIL14(T) was 40.1 %. The diamino acid found in the cell wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified amino-phospholipid and an unknown phospholipid. The predominant menaquinone was menaquinone-7 (MK-7), and the major fatty acid was anteiso-C15:0 and C16:0. On the basis of its physiological and biochemical characteristics and the level of DNA-DNA hybridization, strain RP-207(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus enshidis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is RP-207(T) (=CCTCC AB 2013275(T) = KCTC 33519(T)).
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0854-2
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Advances in DNA sequencing have greatly enhanced the molecular epidemiology studies. In order to assess evolutionary and phylogenetic relation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates several gene targets were evaluated. In this study, appropriate fragments of 5 highly variable genes (rpsL, mprA, lipR, katG, and fgd1 genes) were sequenced. The sequence data were analyzed with neighbor-joining method using mega and Geneious software. The phylogenetic trees analyzes revealed that the discriminatory power of lipR is much stronger than that observed in the other genes. lipR could distinguish between more clinical isolates. Therefore, lipR is a promising target for sequence analyzes of M. tuberculosis.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0856-0
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Planctomycetes have been isolated from various hydric environments. These fastidious bacteria are overlooked by routine 16S rRNA gene-based PCR detection in hospital laboratories, and their presence has not been documented in the health-care environment. Using a specific culture protocol, we recently isolated a new, non-filterable Planctomycetes species, Gemmata massiliana, from one hospital water network. The goal of the study was to monitor the presence of G. massiliana in two hospital water networks. We developed a G. massiliana-specific real-time PCR system and monitored the presence of the Planctomycetes for 12 months in two hospital water networks, in filtered water collected at the intensive care unit and in non-filtered water collected from dental chairs, tanks, and usage points. Four of 180 (2.2 %) filtered water samples tested positive versus 23 of 204 (11.3 %) non-filtered points (p < 0.05), including 18 of 128 (14.1 %) dental chairs, 3 of 51 (5.9 %) usage points, and two of 25 (8 %) tank specimens. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of G. massiliana between the two hospitals (p > 0.05). However, this organism was detected significantly more frequently during April and September than the 10 other months. Because G. massiliana is deeply entrenched in the hospitalized patient's environment, evaluating this organism as a new opportunistic, health-care-associated pathogen is warranted.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0845-3
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Biosurfactants are a family of diverse amphipathic molecules that are produced by several microorganisms such as bacteria, molds, and yeasts. These surface active agents have several applications in agriculture, oil processing, food, and pharmaceutical industries. In this research using YMG and YUG culture media, a native yeast strain, HG5, was isolated from honey bee. The oil spread test as a screening method was used to evaluate biosurfactant production by the yeast HG5 isolate. The 5.8s-rDNA analysis confirmed that the isolated yeast was related to Lachancea thermotolerans. We named this strain Lachancea thermotolerans strain BBMCZ7FA20 and its 5.8s-rDNA sequence was deposited in GenBank, NCBI under accession number of KM042082.1. The best precursor of biosurfactant production was canola oil and the sophorolipid amount was measured for 24.2 g/l. The thin layer chromatography and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy analysis showed that the extracted biosurfactant from Lachancea thermotolerans was sophorolipid. In conclusion, this is the first report of sophorolipid production by a native yeast Lachancea thermotolerans BBMCZ7FA20 we isolated from the honey bee gut collected from an apiary farm in Saman, Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province, Iran. We suggested that some cost-effective supplements such as canola oil, sunflower oil, and corn oils could be applied for increasing the sophorolipid production by this native yeast strain. According to several applications of biosurfactants in today world, the production of sophorolipid by Lachancea thermotolerans could be considered as a potential in the current industrial microbiology and modern microbial biotechnology.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0841-7
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Understanding the transmission of the human microbiota from mother to child is of major importance. Although we are gaining knowledge using 16S rRNA gene analyses, the resolution of this gene is not sufficient to determine transmission patterns. We therefore developed an Illumina deep sequencing approach targeting the 16-23S rRNA Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) for high-resolution microbiota analyses. Using this approach, we analyzed the composition and potential mother to child transmission patterns of the microbiota (milk and stool) in a longitudinal cohort of 20 mother/child pairs. Our results show overlap in the infant stool microbiota with both mother's milk and stool, and that the overlap with stool increases with age. We found an Operational Taxonomic Unit resembling Streptococcus gordonii as the most widespread colonizer of both mothers and their children. In conclusion, the increased resolution of 16-23S rRNA ITS deep sequencing revealed new knowledge about potential transmission patterns of human-associated bacteria.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0843-5
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance demanded novel approaches for the prevention of nosocomial infections, and metallic copper surfaces have been suggested as an alternative for the control of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria in surfaces in the hospital environment. This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of copper material for invasive MDR nosocomial pathogens isolated over time, in comparison to stainless steel. Clinical isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (n:4), OXA-23 and OXA-58 positive, MDR Acinetobacter baumannii (n:6) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n:4) were evaluated. The antimicrobial activity of coupons containing 99 % copper and a brass alloy containing 63 % copper was assessed against stainless steel. All the materials demonstrated statistically significant differences within each other for the logarithmic reduction of microorganisms. Among the three materials, the highest reduction of microorganisms was seen in 99 % copper and the least in stainless steel. The result was statistically significant especially for 0, 2, and 4 h (P = 0.05). 99 % copper showed a bactericidal effect at less than 1 h for MRSA and at 2 h for P. aeruginosa. 63 % copper showed a bactericidal effect at 24 h for P. aeruginosa strains only. Stainless steel surfaces exhibited a bacteriostatic effect after 6 h for P. aeruginosa strains only. 99 % copper reduced the number of bacteria used significantly, produced a bactericidal effect and was more effective than 63 % copper. The use of metallic copper material could aid in reducing the concentration of bacteria, especially for invasive nosocomial pathogens on hard surfaces in the hospital environment.
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0840-8
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Three yeast strains of Yamadazyma dushanensis f.a., sp. nov. were isolated from rotten wood samples collected in the Dushan Forest Park, Nanyang, Henan Province, China. Sequence analyses of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions revealed that this new species is located in the Yamadazyma clade (Debaryomycetaceae and Saccharomycetales), with three closely related species, namely, Yamadazyma terventina, Yamadazyma mexicana and Candida trypodendroni. The novel species differed from these three described species by 5-6 nt substitutions in the D1/D2 sequences. However, the ITS sequences of the new species were quite divergent from those of Y. terventina, Y. mexicana and C. trypodendroni with 12-18 nt substitutions. This new yeast species could assimilate cellobiose and other compounds related to rotting wood. The fermentation of cellobiose in Durham tubes was observed for the strains of this new yeast. The new species could also be distinguished from its closely related species, Y. terventina, Y. mexicana and C. trypodendroni, based on a number of morphological and physiological characteristics. The type strain is Y. dushanensis sp. nov. NYNU 14668 (T) (=CICC 33051(T) = CBS 13914(T)).
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0847-1
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A strictly aerobic, Gram stain-negative, yellowish-orange-pigmented, non-motile, rod-shaped strain designated YJ019(T) was isolated from marine sediment collected at Hwangwooji, a natural pond in Jeju island, Republic of Korea. Preliminary analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that the novel isolate was affiliated with the family Flavobacteriaceae within the phylum Bacteroidetes and that it showed the highest sequence similarity (97.7 %) to Gramella gaetbulicola RA5-111(T). The hybridization values for DNA-DNA relatedness between strain YJ019(T) and the type strains of the five validly described Gramella species were lower than 70 %, which is accepted as the phylogenetic definition of a novel species. The DNA G+C content of strain YJ019(T) was 38.4 mol%. The major menaquinone was MK-6, and iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c) were the major (>10 %) cellular fatty acids. A complex polar lipid profile was present consisting of phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids and two unidentified lipids. From the distinct phylogenetic position and combination of genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, the strain is considered to represent a novel species for which the name Gramella lutea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Gramella lutea sp. nov. is YJ019(T) (=KCTC 42382(T) = NBRC 110751(T)).
    Current Microbiology 06/2015; 71(2). DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0849-z
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surface display using spores of Bacillus subtilis is widely used to anchor antigens and enzymes of different sources. One open question is whether anchored proteins are able to form disulfide bonds. To answer this important question, we anchored the Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase PhoA on the spore surface using two different surface proteins, CotB and CotZ. This enzyme needs two disulfide bonds to become active. Subsequently, we purified the spores and assayed for alkaline phosphatase activity. In both cases, we were able to recover enzymatic activity. Next, we asked whether formation of disulfide bonds occurs spontaneous or is catalyzed by thiol-disulfide oxidoreductases upon lysis of the cells. The experiment was repeated in a double-knockout mutant ΔbdbC and ΔbdbD. Since the disulfide bonds are also present on spores prepared from the double knockout, we conclude that oxidative environment after cell lysis is sufficient for disulfide formation of alkaline phosphatase.
    Current Microbiology 05/2015; 71(1). DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0839-1
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been investigated to conduct the surface displaying of lipase from Rhizopus oryzae onto the cells of Pichia pastoris yeast using Sed1p as an anchor protein. A yeast cell surface display plasmid pPICZαA-rol-histag-sed1p was constructed by fusing rol and sed1p gene fragments into the plasmid pPICZαA, followed by introducing recombinant plasmid into P. pastoris cells. Surface display levels were monitored by Western Blot and immunofluorescence microscopy. The activity of displaying lipase obtained from recombinant mutS reached at 60 U/g-dry cell. In addition, the displaying lipase was stable in broad ranges of temperatures and pH, with the optimum temperature at 40 °C and pH 7.5. These results indicate that the P. pastoris displaying lipase may have potential in whole-cell biocatalyst.
    Current Microbiology 05/2015; 71(1). DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0835-5
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Many studies have implicated fresh water as a source of leptospirosis outbreaks. To estimate the survival and the preservation of the virulence of pathogenic Leptospira spp. maintained in water, we selected five still waters with various pH and mineral profiles. The water samples were artificially inoculated with a culture of a pathogenic strain belonging to serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae. Samples were stored for 20 months at 4, 20 or 30 °C. The survival and preservation of virulence of this pathogenic strain was estimated by subculturing these stored samples. After 14 and 20 months of storage, the strain Icterohaemorrhagiae was re-isolated, and its virulence was determined using an animal model. In these waters, the mean survival was 130 days for storage at 4 °C, 263 days at 20 °C, and 316 days at 30 °C. Unexpectedly, the mean survival was 344 days for a final pH < 7 and 129 days for pH ≥ 7. Moreover, the pathogenic strain remained fully virulent and was able to induce a lethal disease in gerbils even when the pH of the contaminated waters decreased to <6. These data showed that despite unfavourable storage conditions such as cold, nutrient-poor acidic waters, the survival and virulence of pathogenic Leptospira spp. was fully preserved over at least 20 months.
    Current Microbiology 05/2015; 71(1). DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0836-4
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Screening live mycobacterial vaccine candidates is the important strategy to develop new vaccines against adult tuberculosis (TB). In this study, the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of several avirulent mycobacterial strains including Mycobacterium smegmatis, M. vaccae, M. terrae, M. phlei, M. trivial, and M. tuberculosis H37Ra were compared with M. bovis BCG in BALB/c mice. Our results demonstrated that differential immune responses were induced in different mycobacterial species vaccinated mice. As BCG-vaccinated mice did, M. terrae immunization resulted in Th1-type responses in the lung, as well as splenocytes secreting IFN-γ against a highly conserved mycobacterial antigen Ag85A. M. smegmatis also induced the same splenocytes secreting IFN-γ as BCG and M. terrae did. In addition, M. terrae and M. smegmatis-immunized mice predominantly increased expression of IL-10 and TGF-β in the lung. Most importantly, mice vaccinated with H37Ra and M. vaccae could provide the same protection in the lung against virulent M. tuberculosis challenge as BCG. The result may have important implications in developing adult TB vaccine.
    Current Microbiology 05/2015; 71(1). DOI:10.1007/s00284-015-0837-3