Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology (Bull Environ Contam Toxicol )

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Description

Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Editor-in-Chief: Herbert N. Nigg Ph.D. Aims and Scope Subscription Information Copyright Information Office of Publication Aims Scope and Review Policy Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology will provide rapid publication of significant advances and discoveries in the fields of air soil water and food contamination and pollution as well as articles on methodology and other disciplines concerned with the introduction presence and effects of toxicants in the total environment.

  • Impact factor
    1.11
  • 5-year impact
    1.32
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.20
  • Eigenfactor
    0.01
  • Article influence
    0.31
  • Website
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology website
  • Other titles
    Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology (Online), Bull. environ. contam. toxicol
  • ISSN
    1432-0800
  • OCLC
    40749895
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors own final version only can be archived
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's website or institutional repository
    • On funders designated website/repository after 12 months at the funders request or as a result of legal obligation
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to determine the present status of pesticide residues in breast milk from Punjab. A total of 127 breast milk samples were analyzed and pesticide residues were detected in 25 % of the milk samples. Residues of cyfluthrin, fenvalerate, cypermethrin, profenophos, γ-HCH, β-HCH, chlorpyriphos, monocrotophos, p,p' DDE and phosalone were detected with mean levels of 63.04, 11.69, 3.63, 2.66, 2.64, 2.29, 1.91, 1.63, 0.56 and 0.29 ng g(-1), respectively. Cyfluthrin was leading pesticide detected in breast milk contributing 31.28 % to the total residue load. It was observed that the residue levels were decreasing with increase in parity and age of mother and cyfluthrin had highest mean concentration of 90.63 ng g(-1) in the first parity and 21.11 ng g(-1) in youngest age group. Residue levels were higher in urban population than the rural population although, statistically non-significant difference was found between the two (p > 0.05).
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we investigated whether a different accuracy in sample cleaning prior to the analysis may affect the elemental composition of unwashed samples of the lichen Xanthoria parietina. To this purpose, samples of this lichen were collected from a remote area of Sardinia (Italy) and randomly divided into two aliquots, one cleaned very carefully (ca. 3-4 h to obtain ca. 200 mg of material for analysis) and the other cleaned with a lower efficiency (ca. 1-2 h). Samples were analysed by ICP-MS for the content of Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb, V and Zn. The results indicated that an accurate cleaning is effective for reducing the content of Al and Fe, i.e. soil-related elements, but that it has no effect on the concentrations of other elements less represented in the soil.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: At least 52 % of the planted rice area in Rio Grande do Sul, a major rice producing state in Brazil, employs Clearfield(®) production system, corresponding to 580,000 ha of cultivated area. To grow rice with Clearfield(®) technology, producers combine imazethapyr and imazapic herbicides. However, these herbicides leave residual activity in soil; consequently, the repeated application of imazethapyr and imazapic on Brazilian Clearfield(®) rice fields has increased these herbicides persistence in treated soils. In this study, a method has been developed for removal and quantification of imazethapyr and imazapic residues in soil through ultrasonic assisted extraction using methanol-phosphoric acid aqueous solution (pH 2.0). The detected response was linear for both herbicides within the range of 0.25-5 ng mL(-1) with correlations coefficients >0.99. The quantification limit was limit of quantification 0.2 µg Kg(-1) for both pesticides. The good recovery rate from all pesticides, which ranges between 70 % and 120 %, demonstrates the method's validity.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The Gulf of Trieste (northern Adriatic) is one of the most urbanized and industrialized areas in the northern Adriatic, with intense maritime traffic experienced at multiple ports. The impact of maritime traffic on contamination by hydrocarbons in this area was assessed. Concentrations of hydrocarbons were higher near the expected contamination sources and still elevated in the adjacent offshore areas. Aliphatic hydrocarbons were mainly of petrogenic origin, with some contribution of biogenic origin. A continuous contamination by aliphatic hydrocarbons and degradation processes were hypothesized. Concentrations of total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were generally greater near the contamination sources. Compared to the prevailing pyrolytic origin, the petrogenic PAH origin seemed to be less important, but not negligible. Results revealed that intensive maritime traffic is a probable source of contamination by hydrocarbons in the investigated area, which is largely limited to areas near the contamination sources.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: On-line monitoring was performed using spectrolyser equipment, coupled with laboratory analysis for samples collected from wastewater discharge in the city of Novi Sad, Serbia, during first 24 h of three and 48 h of six monitoring campaigns from December of 2012 to April of 2013. Significant correlation with R(2) > 0.9 was observed between laboratory analysis and spectrolyser measurements for chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) concentrations. COD/BOD5 ratio in combined industrial and municipal wastewater ranged from 1.2 to 2.0 indicating the presence of biodegradable organic matter which could be easily removed using aeration treatment process. Micro/trace element and/or heavy metals in wastewater samples were within the limits as per the standard prescribed for wastewater, and should not pose any serious hazard risk. However BOD, COD, ammonia and total phosphorus concentrations were measured above the limit value according to Serbian and EU legislation and should be reduced before discharging wastewater directly into the Danube River.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in trees grown in pathless forests were analyzed to investigate their dispersal patterns in the atmosphere. The pg/g levels of 23 PCCD, 22 PCDF, and 54 PCB congeners were identified. The total amount of PCDDs in the red pine tree sample (95.8 pg/g) was approximately 7 times that in the beech tree sample (13.2 pg/g). The total amount of PCDFs in the red pine tree sample (71.1 pg/g) was also approximately 7 times that in the beech tree sample (11.1 pg/g). The total amounts of PCBs in the red pine tree and beech tree samples were 1,380 and 1,150 pg/g, respectively. The (Cl1-Cl3)-PCBs comprised 63.1 % and 67.6 % of total PCBs in the red pine and in the beech, respectively. The results of the present study indicate that PCDD/Fs and PCBs are transferred over long distances in the atmosphere and accumulated in the contamination-free areas.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The invasive, omnivorous rudd Scardinius erythrophthalmus is abundant in the upper Niagara River, a Great Lakes Area of Concern. Invasive species can alter trophic and contaminant pathways, but complex ontogenetic and seasonal diet shifts by rudds make it difficult to predict their chemical burdens relative to other fishes. We quantified concentrations of chemical residues in rudds and compared them to six fish species from various trophic levels. Rudds contained low concentrations of total dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (mean = 0.02 μg/g), Hg (mean = 0.03 μg/g), and polychlorinated biphenyls (mean = 0.06 μg/g); these concentrations were among the lowest for all species examined. Concentrations of aldrin, heptachlor, hexachlorobenzene, total hexachlorocyclohexanes, mirex, and total chlordanes were less than the method detection limit for all rudds examined. If reducing rudd biomass is determined to be beneficial, resource managers could consider targeted harvest, given the low concentrations of contaminant in rudds and their susceptibility to capture.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The use of conventional methods to clean up the soil is very expensive and destructive to the ecosystem. The concept of phytoextraction has been introduced to safely manage soils contaminated with heavy metals. However, using plants to remediate polluted soils is a lengthy process. This has necessitated the use of amendments to potentially enhance solubilization of metals in order to increase their bioavailability in the soil solution. A pot experiment was conducted to study the effect of some selected pH lowering amendments [elemental sulphur and (NH4)2SO4] on the solubility and availability of Cd and Zn. The application of these amendments resulted in a decrease in the pH of the soil. The decrease in pH significantly enhanced the solubilization and the mobility of Cd and Zn into the soil solution. The CaCl2 extraction protocol was employed to study the effects of the various amendments on the mobility of Cd and Zn.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the genotoxic impact of anthropic activities in Huactzinco Spring, using Cyprinus carpio as a biomonitor. In situ and in vivo experimental designs were compared by means of simultaneous 2-week exposures. The water from the spring generated mean micronuclei frequency values (108.6 ± 32 MN/1,000) and DNA fragmentation values (143.4 ± 35 au) which were statistically higher than those for the negative control (10.9 ± 6 MN/1,000 and 67.6 ± 23 au). The in situ and in vivo experiments supported one another. The comet assay proved to be the most sensitive test, with an EC50 value (11.4 % ± 3.4 %) being less than that determined for the micronuclei test (54.8 % ± 3.2 %). The results of this study confirm the usefulness of C. carpio as an environmental contamination biomonitor, and suggest that Huactzinco Spring water constitutes a latent risk to human health and the environment.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A vial equilibration technique was used to estimate the fugacity capacities of food and feces samples for 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene (TCB). The method was calibrated using different volumes of n-octanol and by comparing the measured and predicted fugacity capacity (Zoct) of n-octanol for TCB. The vial equilibration technique showed linearity with increasing amounts of n-octanol added to the vial. However, the measured Zoct was on average 8.5 times lower than the literature estimate and interpreted to be influenced by co-solvent effects. The ratio of fugacity capacities of food/feces was 2.9 and was consistent with the ratio estimated using Zt calculation methods (4.3) which considers partitioning capacity of both lipids and non-lipid organic matter. These results provide experimental support to the use of lipid equivalent approaches as opposed to lipid normalization when estimating the partition capacity of biological samples containing low lipid contents.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The particle-phase concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were determined in 13 air samples collected in an urban area of Bizerte (Tunisia) during 2009-2010. Atmospheric particulate samples were extracted by ultrasonic bath and analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. PAH were found in all the analyzed air samples and the most abundant compounds were pyrene, fluoranthene, benzo[g,h,i]perylene, benzo[b]fluoranthene, chrysene and benzo[a]pyrene. ∑14-PAH concentrations ranging from 9.38 to 44.81 ng m(-3) with mean value of 25.39 ng m(-3). PAH diagnostic ratio source analysis revealed gasoline and diesel vehicular emissions as major sources. The mean total benzo[a]pyrene toxicity equivalent calculated for samples was 3.66 ng m(-3) and the mean contribution of the carcinogenic potency of benzo[a]pyrene was determined to be 55.8 %. Concentrations of particulate PAH in Bizerte city atmosphere were approximately eight times greater than sampled at a nearby rural site.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Adult mortality, biomass, fecundity and viability of cocoons were studied in Eisenia fetida and Octolasion tyrtaeum, in response to glyphosate exposure in soil. Exposure tests were carried out following USEPA procedure, with five concentrations of glyphosate in soil and a control. O. tyrtaeum was more sensitive to the highest concentration of glyphosate (50,000 mg kg(-1)), with 100 % mortality by day 7 of exposure, compared with 71 % for E. fetida. Although biomass of O. tyrtaeum was significantly different between the control and 5,000 mg kg(-1) dose at day 14, E. fetida was not affected at that concentration, and only showed a significant weight loss after 7 days of exposure to 50,000 mg kg(-1). Adverse effects upon adult fecundity and cocoon viability were observed at glyphosate concentrations of 5,000 mg kg(-1) and above. Adverse effects were observed at concentrations that greatly exceeded the recommended field application rates of glyphosate.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Heavy metal contamination in the soil around a water source is a particularly serious issue, because these heavy metals can be transferred into the water source and can pose significant human health risks through the contamination of drinking water or farmland irrigation water. In this paper, we collected surface soil samples from the area surrounding the Fenhe Reservoir. The concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, and Zn were determined and the potential ecological risks posed by the heavy metals were quantitatively evaluated. The primary inputs for As, Ni, and Zn were natural sources, whereas the other elements were derived from mainly anthropogenic sources. Hg displays more serious environmental impacts than the other heavy metals. The upper reaches of the reservoir, located in the northwest, display a higher potential ecological risk.
    Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 06/2014;

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