Annals of Hematology (Ann Hematol )

Publisher: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hämatologie und Onkologie; Gesellschaft für Thrombose- und Hämostaseforschung; Österreichische Gesellschaft für Hämatologie und Onkologie, Springer Verlag


Continuation of Blut and Folia Haematologica Organ of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hämatologie und Onkologie Gesellschaft für Thrombose- und Hämostaseforschung Österreichische Gesellschaft für Hämatologie und Onkologie Annals of Hematology covers the whole spectrum of clinical and experimental hematology hemostaseology blood transfusion and related aspects of medical oncology including the diagnosis and treatment of leukemias lymphatic neoplasias and solid tumors as well as transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells. Information is also presented on general aspects of oncology molecular biology and immunology as pertinent to problems of human blood disease.  

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The human leukocyte antigen DR surface expression on CD14+ monocytes reflects the degree to which these cells have been activated. Given the central role monocytes and macrophages play in the immune system, a decreased human leukocyte antigen DR expression on CD14+ monocytes results in a hallmark of altered immune status during systemic inflammatory response syndrome. We hypothesize that human leukocyte antigen DR expression might be similarly altered after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and during post-transplant complications. Using flow cytometry, this study investigates the human leukocyte antigen DR surface expression of CD14+ monocytes in 30 pediatric and young adult patients up to 1 year after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Normal values were derived from a control group of healthy children, adolescents, and young adults. Human leukocyte antigen DR expression decreased significantly prior and during bacterial infection or sepsis. By contrast, human leukocyte antigen DR expression levels were elevated before and at the time of viremia. Human leukocyte antigen DR expression was also elevated during acute graft-versus-host disease. In contrast, the expression was reduced when patients had hepatic veno-occlusive disease. A significant decrease of human leukocyte antigen DR expression was associated with a relapse of the underlying disease and before death. Human leukocyte antigen DR expression on CD14+ monocytes appears to be a promising parameter that might allow identification of patients at risk after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
    Annals of Hematology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: High-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients have usually a less favorable outcome after intensive treatment compared with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. This may reflect different disease-related and patient-related factors. The purpose of this analysis is to identify disease-specific prognostic factors and to develop prognostic scores for both patient groups. A total of 692 patients in the EORTC/GIMEMA AML-10 study and 289 patients in the CRIANT study received identical remission-induction and consolidation treatment. Estimated 5-year survival rate was 34 % in the AML-10 versus 27 % in the CRIANT study, and estimated disease-free survival was 40 % versus 28 %, respectively. In multivariate analysis, cytogenetic characteristics, white blood count, and age appeared prognostic for survival in both studies. French-American-British (FAB) subtype and performance status were prognostic in the AML-10 study only, whereas number of cytopenias and duration of antecedent hematologic disorder >6 months were prognostic in the CRIANT study only. The prognostic scores distinguish three groups with a 5-year survival rate of 54, 38, and 19 % in the AML-10 study versus 69, 37, and 5 % in the CRIANT study. The prognostic value of these scores has been validated on two external series. The new scoring systems form a practical tool to predict the outcome of individual MDS and AML patients treated with intensive antileukemic therapy.
    Annals of Hematology 08/2014;
  • Annals of Hematology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Delayed platelet engraftment (DPE) is a common complication following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). This phenomenon is also a predictor of increased treatment-related mortality and poor survival. Therefore, therapies that promote platelet engraftment to prevent DPE are needed. This prospective randomized controlled trial was designed to investigate whether recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO), administered subcutaneously at a daily dose of 15,000 U from the first day after transplantation, promotes platelet engraftment after haploidentical HSCT. The cumulative incidence of platelet engraftment (platelet recovery to ≥20 × 10(9)/L without transfusion support for seven consecutive days) on day 60 post-transplantation was significantly higher in the rhTPO group (n = 60) than in the control group (n = 60) (91.7 ± 3.8 % vs. 74.5 ± 5.8 %, P = 0.041). Additionally, the number of platelet transfusions from day 14 to day 60 was significantly lower in the rhTPO group than in the control group (4 ± 5 vs. 7 ± 9 Units, P = 0.018). No severe adverse effects were observed, with a median follow-up duration of 256 days (range, 48-586 days). The incidences of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), chronic GVHD, and cytomegalovirus viremia and the probabilities of overall survival and disease-free survival did not differ between the two groups. A multivariate analysis of all patients revealed that regardless of assignment to the rhTPO group or the control group (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.514; 95 % CI (1.024-2.238); P = 0.038), the number of total infused CD34(+) cells (HR = 1.304; 95 % CI (1.148-1.482); P < 0.001) and slower neutrophil engraftment (HR = 2.777; 95 % CI (1.841-4.189); P < 0.001) were associated with platelet engraftment. In conclusion, rhTPO promotes platelet engraftment and safely reduces the requirement for platelet transfusion in patients after unmanipulated haploidentical HSCT. This trial was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( ) as ChiCTR-TRC-11001774. .
    Annals of Hematology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hydroxycarbamide (hydroxyurea or HU) has been shown to increase fetal hemoglobin (HbF) in patients with β-thalassemia intermedia (TI). The reported effects of HU in increasing the total hemoglobin (Hb) have been inconsistent. Studies of long-term therapy with HU in pediatric TI are rather uncommon. A retrospective observational study was carried out to evaluate the clinical responses to HU in Egyptian patients with β-TI. One hundred patients; children (n = 82, mean age 9.9 ± 4.1 years) and adults (n = 18) were studied for the mean Hb, HbF%, median serum ferritin, transfusion history, and splenic size before and after HU therapy (mean dose 20.0 ± 4.2 mg/kg/day, range 10-29 mg/kg/day) over a follow-up period 4 to 96 months (mean 35.4 ± 19.2 months). Molecular studies were also done for group of patients (n = 42). The overall response rate to HU was 79 %; 46 % were minor responders (with a reduction in transfusion rate by 50 % or more and/or an increase in their total hemoglobin level by 1-2 g/dl) and 33 % major responders (becoming transfusion-free and/or having an increase in total hemoglobin level by >2 g/dl). Mean hemoglobin increased among responders from 6.9 ± 0.9 g/dl to 8.3 ± 1.4 g/dl (p < 0.001). A significant rise in mean HbF (27.0 vs. 42.5 %; p < 0.011) and a decrease in median serum ferritin (800 vs. 644 ng/ml; p < 0.001) were also observed among responders (n = 45). Transfusions stopped in 44 % of pretreatment frequently transfused responders (n = 11/25). Splenic size decreased in 37 % of patients (n = 30/81). The predominant β-thalassemia mutation was 1-6 (T > C) in 32/42 (76 %) of studied patients; 28/32 were responders. Bivariate analysis showed no predictors of response as regards sex, pediatric and adult age, splenic status, or genotype. Hydroxycarbamide is a good therapeutic modality in the management of pediatric as in adult TI patients. It can minimize the need for blood transfusion, concomitant iron overload, and blood-born viral transmission especially in developing countries like Egypt.
    Annals of Hematology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: As survival of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) increases and the number of patients who live long rises, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) becomes a relevant endpoint. Few studies investigated this, mainly as a secondary endpoint in randomized clinical trials where patients with early stage CLL/SLL, and elderly/frail patients were underrepresented. The aim of our study was to assess HRQoL in a population-based setting, including these previously underrepresented patients. Out of 175 patients diagnosed with CLL/SLL between 2004 and 2011, 136 (78 %) returned the HRQoL questionnaire. The outcomes were compared to an age- and sex-matched norm population. Detailed data on stage and treatment were extracted from a population-based hematological registry (PHAROS). Patients ever treated for CLL/SLL reported significantly poorer HRQoL than the norm population (p < 0.01 with large clinically important differences. Interestingly, no differences were observed between the norm population and patients under active surveillance. In contrast to our hypothesis, patients treated with chlorambucil reported the lowest HRQoL scores. Drastic, long-lasting negative effects of starting treatment on HRQoL cannot be excluded, whereas active surveillance does not seem to provoke worrying, anxiety, or depressive symptoms. Further elaborate research into the impact of starting therapy on HRQoL is needed, especially in patients that are underrepresented in most clinical trials, and thoroughly consider its results during revision of treatment guidelines.
    Annals of Hematology 07/2014;
  • Annals of Hematology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells, one of the feasible and effective methods of adoptive immunotherapy, have shown anti-leukemia activity in vivo and in vitro. But the strategy exhibits limited cytotoxic activity in clinical studies. In this study, CIK cells were transfected with an interleukin-3/Pseudomonas exotoxin gene (IL3PE38KDEL). RT-PCR and ELISA were used to verify the expression of IL3PE38KDEL in the transfected CIK cells. These cells released 1,186.7 ± 149.6 pg IL3PE38KDEL/10(4) cells over 48 h into the medium and the culture supernatant selectively killed IL3 receptor(IL3R)-positive HL60 cells, but not IL3R-negative K562 cells. Moreover, IL3PE38KDEL transfection did not influence phenotypes and cytokine production of CIK cells. Co-cultured with leukemia cells, IL3PE38KDEL transfected CIK cells showed enhanced cytotoxicity against IL3R-positive HL60 cells at all effector-to-target (E:T) ratios, but exerted a basal anti-leukemia activity against IL3R-negative K562 cells. Our findings demonstrate that IL3PE38KDEL gene transfection may be a novel strategy for improving anti-leukemia activity of CIK cells.
    Annals of Hematology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe iron overload. It is usually associated with homozygosity for the HFE gene mutation c.845G > A; p.C282Y. However, in some cases, another HFE mutation (c.187C > G; p.H63D) seems to be associated with the disease. Its penetrance is very low, suggesting the possibility of other iron genetic modulators being involved. In this work, we have screened for HAMP promoter polymorphisms in 409 individuals presenting normal or increased serum ferritin levels together with normal or H63D-mutated HFE genotypes. Our results show that the hepcidin gene promoter TG haplotype, originated by linkage of the nc.-1010C > T and nc.-582A > G polymorphisms, is more frequent in the HFE_H63D individuals presenting serum ferritin levels higher than 300 μg/L than in those presenting the HFE_H63D mutation but with normal serum ferritin levels or in the normal control group. Moreover, it was observed that the TG haplotype was associated to increased serum ferritin levels in the overall pool of HFE_H63D individuals. Thus, our data suggest that screening for these polymorphisms could be of interest in order to explain the phenotype. However, this genetic condition seems to have no clinical significance.
    Annals of Hematology 07/2014;
  • Annals of Hematology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Numbers of observational studies suggest that the JAK2 46/1 (GGCC) haplotype may increase the risk of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT), but the results remain controversial. We aimed to examine the association between the JAK2 46/1 haplotype and risk of MPNs and SVT by conducting a meta-analysis. PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CBM, and CNKI databases were searched to identify eligible studies without restrictions and by reviewing reference lists of obtained articles. Both fixed and random-effects models were used to calculate the summary risk estimates. We identified 26 observational studies of the JAK2 46/1 haplotype and risk of MPNs and SVT involving 8,561 cases and 7,434 participants. In the overall analysis, it was found that the JAK2 46/1 haplotype significantly elevated the risk of MPNs (rs10974944: C vs T: odds ratio (OR) = 2.19, 95 % confidence interval (CI) = 1.86-2.57, P < 0.0001; CC vs TT: OR = 4.63, 95 % CI = 3.32-6.47, P < 0.0001; CT vs TT: OR = 2.49, 95 % CI = 2.11-2.95, P < 0.0001; (CC + CT) vs TT: OR = 2.92, 95 % CI = 2.51-3.39, P < 0.0001; rs12343867: C vs T: OR = 1.88, 95 % CI = 1.59-2.22, P < 0.0001; CC vs TT: OR = 3.16, 95 %CI = 2.14-4.65, P < 0.0001; CT vs TT: OR = 2.04, 95 % CI = 1.51-2.74, P < 0.0001; (CC + CT) vs TT: OR = 2.25, 95 % CI = 1.73-2.95, P < 0.0001) and SVT (C vs T: OR = 1.27, 95 % CI = 1.06-1.52, P = 0.011; CC vs TT: OR = 2.33, 95 % CI = 1.42-3.81, P = 0.001; (CC + CT) vs TT: OR = 1.25, 95 % CI = 1.02-1.53, P = 0.034). There was no evidence of a significant association between the rs12343867 and the risk of SVT in the genetic model (CT vs TT: OR = 1.01, 95 % CI = 0.80-1.29, P = 0.906). This meta-analysis provides new evidence supporting the conclusion that the JAK2 46/1 haplotype enrichment is significantly associated with the development of MPNs and SVT in these patients.
    Annals of Hematology 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Induction therapy with fludarabine followed by rituximab and consolidation plus maintenance with rituximab improved response duration (RD) and overall survival (OS) in our patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The aim of our study was to investigate the clinical impact of NOTCH1 mutations in this setting of patients. The study included 123 progressive CLL patients homogeneously assigned to first-line induction treatment with fludarabine followed by rituximab. Fifty-nine patients either in complete remission (CR) minimal residual disease positive (MRD+) after induction (n = 39) or in partial remission (PR, n = 20) underwent consolidation/maintenance therapy with rituximab. Sixteen patients in CR MRD + or PR underwent observation only. The presence of NOTCH1 mutations was investigated by amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) PCR and by Sanger sequencing. NOTCH1 mutations occurred in 20 out of 123 (16.3 %) cases. Consolidated patients showed longer OS than unconsolidated patients (p = 0.030). Both NOTCH1 mutated and CR MRD+ or PR NOTCH1 mutated patients showed significantly shorter OS after treatment (p = 0.00014 and p = 0.0021, respectively). Moreover, NOTCH1 wild-type consolidated cases experienced significantly longer RD and OS than NOTCH1 mutated consolidated or not consolidated cases (p = 0.00001 and p = 0.018, respectively). Finally, the independent prognostic impact of NOTCH1 mutations for OS was confirmed in multivariate analysis (p < 0.001). The presence of NOTCH1 mutations identifies a CLL subset with worse prognosis in the setting of a rituximab-based induction and consolidation treatment.
    Annals of Hematology 06/2014;
  • Annals of Hematology 06/2014;
  • Annals of Hematology 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: AIDS-related aggressive B cell lymphoma (HIV-NHL) is the second most common HIV-associated malignancy. In contrast, Hodgkin-lymphoma (HL) is one of the most common non-AIDS-defining malignancies. Current evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of HIV-associated lymphoma (HIV-lymphoma) are not available. A panel of experts in the field of HIV-related lymphoma performed literature searches of the PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane databases. The consensus process was carried out as an e-mail and meeting-based discussion group. Six cycles of R-CHOP or R-EPOCH are standard of care for patients (pts) with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Pts with Burkitt lymphoma and good performance status should receive dose-intensive regimens such as the GMALL B-ALL/NHL protocol. Standard therapy has not been defined for pts with plasmablastic and primary effusion lymphoma. Pts with lymphoma in sensitive relapse should receive high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. Stage- and risk adapted treatment yields high remission and survival rates in pts with HIV-HL similar to those achieved in HIV-negative HL pts. Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) should be applied concurrently to chemotherapy provided that pharmacokinetic interactions are being considered. Pts with HIV-lymphoma should usually be treated in an identical manner to HIV-negative patients.
    Annals of Hematology 06/2014; 93(6):913-21.
  • Annals of Hematology 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Engraftment outcomes following autologous transplantation correlate poorly to infused stem cell number. We evaluated 446 consecutive patients who underwent autologous transplantation at our centre between 2001 and 2012. The impact of pre-transplant and collection factors together with CD34(+) dosing ranges on engraftment, hospital length of stay (LOS) and survival endpoints were assessed in order to identify factors which might be optimized to improve outcomes for patients undergoing autologous transplantation using haemopoietic progenitor cells-apheresis (HPC-A). Infused CD34(+) cell dose correlated to platelet but not neutrophil recovery. Time to platelet engraftment was significantly delayed in those receiving low versus medium or high CD34(+) doses. Non-remission status was associated with slower neutrophil and platelet recovery. Increasing neutrophil contamination of HPC-A was strongly associated with slower neutrophil recovery with infused neutrophil dose/kg recipient body weight ≥3 × 10(8)/kg having a significant impact on time to neutrophil engraftment (p = 0.001). Higher neutrophil doses/kg in HPC-A were associated with days of granulocyte colony stimulation factor (G-CSF) use, HPC-A volumes >500 ml and higher NCC in HPC-A. High infused neutrophil dose/kg and age >65 years were associated with longer hospital LOS (p = 0.002 and 0.011 respectively). Only age, disease and disease status predicted disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in our cohort (p < 0.005). Non-relapse mortality was not affected by low dose of CD34(+) (<2 × 10(6)/kg). In conclusion, our study shows that CD34(+) remains a useful and convenient marker for assessing haemotopoietic stem cell content and overall engraftment capacity post-transplant. Neutrophil contamination of HPC-A appears to be a key factor delaying neutrophil recovery. Steps to minimize the degree of neutrophil contamination in HPC-A product may be associated with more rapid neutrophil engraftment and reduced hospital LOS.
    Annals of Hematology 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this cross-sectional prospective study was to determine the prevalence of anemia among elderly hospitalized patients in Germany and to investigate its association with multidimensional loss of function (MLF). One hundred participants aged 70 years or older from two distinct wards (50 each from an emergency department and a medical ward, respectively) underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) consisting of the following six tools: Barthel Index, mini-mental state examination, clock-drawing test, timed up and go test, Esslinger transfer scale, and Daniels test. MLF as an aggregated outcome was diagnosed when three or more tests of the CGA showed an abnormal result. Anemia was defined according to WHO criteria as a hemoglobin (Hb) concentration of <13 g/dL for men and <12 g/dL for women. The prevalence of anemia was 60 %. Overall, 61 % of patients presented with three or more abnormal results in the six tests of the CGA and, thus, with MLF. Using logistic regression, we found a significant association of both anemia and low Hb concentrations with abnormal outcomes in five tests of the CGA and, therefore, with domain-specific deficits like mobility limitations, impaired cognition, and dysphagia. Furthermore, being anemic increased the odds of featuring MLF more than fourfold. This significant relationship persisted after adjustment for various major comorbidities. Both anemia and geriatric conditions are common in the hospitalized elderly. Given the association of anemia with MLF, Hb level might serve as a useful geriatric screening marker to identify frail older people at risk for adverse outcomes.
    Annals of Hematology 05/2014;

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