Neurosignals (Neurosignals )

Publisher: Karger

Description

NeuroSignals is an international journal dedicated to publishing original articles, reviews and short reports in the field of neuronal communication. Novel findings related to signaling machinery, pathways and networks that are associated with development and functioning of the nervous system are most welcome. Reported observations should significantly contribute to the advancement of our understanding of neuronal signaling and be presented in a format applicable to an interdisciplinary readership. Manuscripts addressing the journal's topics of discussion from a bioinformatics perspective will also be considered for publication.

  • Impact factor
    2.56
  • 5-year impact
    3.51
  • Cited half-life
    5.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.74
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    1.13
  • Website
    Neurosignals website
  • ISSN
    1424-8638
  • OCLC
    300124922
  • Material type
    Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Karger

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's server or institutional server
    • Server must be non-commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Our previous study indicated that coadministration of tramadol and minocycline exerted synergistic effects on spinal nerve ligation (SNL)-induced neuropathic mechanical allodynia. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Recent reports indicated that spinal proinflammatory factor interleukin-1β (IL-1β) contributed to the development of neuropathic pain and the positive feedback communication between neuron and glia. Therefore, the present research is to confirm whether spinal IL-1β-related pathway response contributes to the synergistic effects of tramadol and minocycline on SNL-induced neuropathic pain. Real-time RT-PCR demonstrated IL-1β up-expression in the ipsilateral spinal dorsal horn 3 days after lesion, which could be significantly decreased by tramadol and minocycline coadministration. Immunofluorescence and Western blot indicated that SNL-induced microglial phosphorylated p38 (p-p38) upregulation was also inhibited by tramadol and minocycline coapplication. Meanwhile, intrathecal administration of p38 inhibitor SB203580 markedly alleviated mechanical allodynia whilst reducing IL-1β and Fos expression induced by SNL. Moreover, intrathecal neutralized antibody of IL-1β could depress SNL-induced mechanical allodynia and Fos expression. These results suggest that depressing SNL-induced aberrant activation of the spinal dorsal horn IL-1β-related pathway contributes to the underlying mechanism of the synergistic effects of tramadol and minocycline coadministration on SNL-induced neuropathic mechanical allodynia. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Neurosignals 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The Golgi apparatus (GA), an intermediate organelle of the cell inner membrane system, plays a key role in protein glycosylation and secretion. In recent years, this organelle has been found to act as a vital intracellular Ca(2+) store because different Ca(2+) regulators, such as the inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate receptor, sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase and secretory pathway Ca(2+)-ATPase, were demonstrated to localize on their membrane. The mechanisms involved in Ca(2+) release and uptake in the GA have now been established. Here, based on careful backward looking on compartments and patterns in GA Ca(2+) regulation, we review neurological diseases related to GA calcium remodeling and propose a modified cytosolic Ca(2+) adjustment model, in which GA acts as part of the panel point.
    Neurosignals 06/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The efficiency of neural circuits is modified by changes not only in synaptic strength, but also in intrinsic excitability of neurons. In CA1 hippocampal pyramidal neurons, bidirectional changes in the intrinsic excitability are often presented after induction of synaptic long-term potentiation or depression. This plasticity of intrinsic excitability has been identified as a cellular correlate of learning. Besides, behavioral learning often involves action of reinforcement or rewarding mediated by dopamine (DA). Here, we examined how DA influences the intrinsic plasticity of CA1 hippocampal pyramidal neurons when high-frequency stimulation (HFS) was applied to Schaffer collaterals. The results showed that DA inhibits the decrease in rheobase and increase in mean firing rate of pyramidal neurons induced by HFS, and that this inhibition was abolished by the D(1)-like receptor antagonist SCH23390 but not by the D(2)-like receptor antagonist sulpiride. The results suggest that DA inhibits the potentiation of excitability induced by presynaptic HFS, and that this inhibition depends on the activation of D(1)-like receptors.
    Neurosignals 09/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Neuropathic pain is a refractory clinical problem. Certain drugs, such as tramadol, proved useful for the treatment of neuropathic pain by inhibiting the activity of nociceptive neurons. Moreover, studies indicated that suppression or modulation of glial activation could prevent or reverse neuropathic pain, for example with the microglia inhibitor minocycline. However, few present clinical therapeutics focused on both neuronal and glial participation when treating neuropathic pain. Therefore, the present study hypothesized that combination of tramadol with minocycline as neuronal and glial activation inhibitor may exert some synergistic effects on spinal nerve ligation (SNL)-induced neuropathic pain. Intrathecal tramadol or minocycline relieved SNL-induced mechanical allodynia in a dose-dependent manner. SNL-induced spinal dorsal horn Fos or OX42 expression was downregulated by intrathecal tramadol or minocycline. Combination of tramadol with minocycline exerted powerful and synergistic effects on SNL-induced neuropathic pain also in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the drug combination enhanced the suppression effects on SNL-induced spinal dorsal horn Fos and OX42 expression, compared to either drug administered alone. These results indicated that combination of tramadol with minocycline could exert synergistic effects on peripheral nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain; thus, a new strategy for treating neuropathic pain by breaking the interaction between neurons and glia bilaterally was also proposed.
    Neurosignals 09/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The development of appropriate models assessing the potential of substances for regeneration of neuronal circuits is of great importance. Here, we present procedures to analyze effects of substances on fiber outgrowth based on organotypic slice co-cultures of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system in combination with biocytin tracing and tyrosine hydroxylase labeling and subsequent automated image quantification. Selected phosphodiesterase inhibitors (PDE-Is) were studied to identify their potential growth-promoting capacities. Immunohistochemical methods were used to visualize developing fibers in the border region between ventral tegmental area/substantia nigra co-cultivated with the striatum as well as the cellular expression of PDE2A and PDE10. The quantification shows a significant increase of fiber density in the border region induced by PDE2-Is (BAY60-7550; ND7001), comparable with the potential of the nerve growth factor and in contrast to PDE10-I (MP-10). Analysis of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive fibers indicated a significant increase after treatment with BAY60-7550 and nerve growth factor in relation to dimethyl sulfoxide. Additionally, a dose-dependent increase of intracellular cGMP levels in response to the applied PDE2-Is in PDE2-transfected HEK293 cells was found. In summary, our findings show that PDE2-Is are able to significantly promote axonal outgrowth in organotypic slice co-cultures, which are a suitable model to assess growth-related effects in neuro(re)generation.
    Neurosignals 08/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The SDF-1α/CXCR4 signaling maintains central nervous system homeostasis through the interaction with the neurotransmitter and neuropeptide systems, the neuroendocrine systems. Recently, the SDF-1α/CXCR4 signaling has been reported to present nonrandom distribution in brain development and glioma progression, which exerts differential regulations on the assembly, differentiation, and function of neural precursors, neurons, glial cells, as well as glioma cells. In the present review, we highlight current knowledge about multiple molecular signaling pathways associated with the SDF-1α/CXCR4 signaling in glioma. Not only is the expression of CXCR4 a key determinant of glioma progression, but SDF-1α is essential for site-specific invasive or metastatic processes. SDF-1α is the switch of the SDF-1α/CXCR4 signaling from the endocrine loop to the autocrine and/or local paracrine loop in glioma progression and brain development. Studies of SDF-1α/CXCR4 signaling in the field of brain development may provide valuable tactics for glioma treatment.
    Neurosignals 08/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Usually, the main axon is assumed to faithfully conduct action potentials (APs). Recent data have indicated that neural processing can occur along the axonal path. However, the patterns and mechanisms of temporal coding are not clear. In the present study, single fiber recording was used to analyze activity-dependent modulation of AP trains in the main axons of C fibers in the rabbit saphenous nerve. Trains of 5 superthreshold electrical pulses at interstimulus intervals of 20 or 50 ms were applied to the nerve trunk for 200 s. The interspike intervals (ISIs) for these trains were compared to the input interstimulus intervals. Three basic types of C fibers were observed in response to repeated stimuli: first, the ISI between the first and second AP (ISI(1-2)) of type 1 was longer than the interstimulus interval; second, the ISI(1-2) of type 2 showed wavelike fluctuations around the interstimulus interval, and third, the ISI(1-2) of type 3 exhibited shorter intervals for a long period. Furthermore, both 4-aminopyridine-sensitive potassium and hyperpolarization-activated cation currents were involved in the modulation of ISI(1-2) of train pulses. These data provide new evidence that multiple modes of neural conduction can occur along the main axons of C fibers.
    Neurosignals 08/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: The novel estrogen receptor, G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER, previously named GPR30), is widely distributed throughout the male and female brain and, thus, could potentially play a role in estrogen-mediated neuroprotective effects in diseases such as stroke. We hypothesized that GPER distribution and expression in the brain of male, intact female, and ovariectomized (OVX) mice is increased after 0.5 h middle cerebral artery occlusion. Using immunohistochemistry, we found that ischemia reperfusion increased GPER distribution in the peri-infarct brain regions of male mice, but surprisingly not in intact females or OVX mice. Similar differences were observed in the male and female human brain after stroke. In contrast, GPER distribution was decreased in the infarct core of all mice examined. Furthermore, GPER immunofluorescence was co-localized with the endothelial cell marker, von Willebrand factor, and the neuronal marker, NeuN. Consistent with the immunohistochemical findings, Western blot analysis showed GPER expression is only elevated in the ischemic hemisphere of male mice. Moreover, GPER mRNA expression in males was elevated at 4 h but had returned to baseline by 24 h. In conclusion, these findings indicate that GPER may be a potential therapeutic target after stroke, especially in males, in whom estrogen therapy is not feasible.
    Neurosignals 08/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: Experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) resulting from Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) infection in mice results in neuronal cell death. However, the precise mechanisms leading to neuronal cell death in ECM have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we report the presence of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress markers and activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in the brain during the pathogenesis of ECM. Specific findings included activation of PKR-like ERkinase, inositol-requiring enzyme 1 and cleavage of activating transcription factor (ATF) 6 indicating the activation of all three major arms of the UPR. Further, we found changes in the protein levels of phosphorylated eukaryotic initiation factor α (p-eIF2α), ATF4, growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible protein 34, B cell lymphoma protein 2 (BCL-2), BCL-2-associated X protein, caspase-7, cleavage of caspase-3, and caspase-12. Our results demonstrate that ER stress-induced neuronal cell death in PbA-infected mice is associated with the expression of the pro-apoptotic molecule CHOP and downregulation of anti-apoptotic ER quality control molecules binding immunoglobulin protein, calreticulin and calnexin. Further CHOP was found to be localized in neurons and plays an essential role in neuronal cell death as revealed by our Fluoro-Jade B double staining. These results implicate an imbalance between ER stress-mediated pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic/survival signalling as a critical determinant of neuronal cell death in ECM.
    Neurosignals 05/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are one of the most important gateways for signal transduction across the plasma membrane. Over the past decade, several classes of alternative regulators of G protein signaling have been identified and reported to activate the G proteins independent of the GPCRs. One group of such regulators is the activator of G protein signaling (AGS) family which comprises of AGS1-10. They have entirely different activation mechanisms for G proteins as compared to the classic model of GPCR-mediated signaling and confer upon cells new avenues of signal transduction. As GPCRs are widely expressed in our nervous system, it is believed that the AGS family plays a major role in modulating the G protein signaling in neurons. In this article, we will review the current knowledge on AGS proteins in relation to their potential roles in neuronal regulations.
    Neurosignals 05/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: New adaptive systems for deep brain stimulation (DBS) could in the near future optimize stimulation settings online so as to achieve better control over the clinical fluctuations in Parkinson's disease (PD). Local field potentials (LFPs) recorded from the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in PD patients show that levodopa and DBS modulate STN oscillations. Because previous research has shown that levodopa and DBS variably influence beta LFP activity (8-20 Hz), we designed this study to find out how they affect low-frequency (LF) oscillations (2-7 Hz). STN LFPs were recorded in 19 patients with PD during DBS, after levodopa medication, and during DBS and levodopa intake combined. We investigated the relationship between LF modulations, DBS duration and levodopa intake. We also studied whether LF power depended on disease severity, the patient's clinical condition and whether LF modulations were related to electrode impedances. LF power increased during DBS, after levodopa intake and under both experimental conditions combined. The LF power increase correlated with the levodopa-induced clinical improvement and the higher the electrode impedance, the greater was the LF power change. These data suggest that the LF band could be useful as a control neurosignal for developing novel adaptive DBS systems for patients with PD.
    Neurosignals 04/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: No abstract available.
    Neurosignals 03/2012; 20(3):131.
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    ABSTRACT: Brain injury following stroke or trauma induces the migration of neuroblasts derived from subventricular zone neural precursor cells (NPCs) towards the damaged tissue, where they then have the potential to contribute to repair. Enhancing the recruitment of new cells thus presents an enticing prospect for the development of new therapeutic approaches to treat brain injury; to this end, an understanding of the factors regulating this process is required. During the neuroinflammatory response to ischemic and traumatic brain injuries, a plethora of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and growth factors are released in the damaged tissue, and recent work indicates that a variety of these are able to influence injury-induced migration. In this review, we will discuss the contribution of specific chemokines and growth factors towards stimulating NPC migration in the injured brain.
    Neurosignals 03/2012; 20(3):132-46.