Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia (REV BRAS FISIOTER )

Publisher: Associação Brasileira de Fisioterapia; Universidade Federal de São Carlos. Departamento de Fisioterapia; SciELO (Online service)


Publication of the Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós Graduação em Fisioterapia. Mission: To publish scientific articles relating to the basic study subject and field of professional activity of Physical Therapy, by carrying basic and applied studies on the prevention and treatment of movement dysfunctions.

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  • Website
    Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia / Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy website
  • Other titles
    Revista brasileira de fisioterapia (São Carlos (São Paulo, Brazil): Online), Fisioterapia, Brazilian journal of physical therapy
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  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Falling is a common devastating and costly problem of aging. There is no consensus in the literature whether the spatial and temporal gait parameters could identify elderly people at risk of recurrent falls. Objective: To determine whether spatiotemporal gait parameters could predict recurrent falls in elderly women. Method: One hundred forty-eight elderly women (65-85 years) participated in this study. Seven spatiotemporal gait parameters were collected with the GAITRite® system. Falls were recorded prospectively during 12 months through biweekly phone contacts. Elderly women who reported two or more falls throughout the follow-up period were considered as recurrent fallers. Principal component analysis (PCA) and discriminant analysis followed by the biplot graph interpretation were applied to the gait parameters. Results: After 12 months, 23 elderly women fell twice or more and comprised the recurrent fallers group and 110 with one or no falls comprised the non-recurrent fallers group. PCA resulted in three components that explained 88.3% of data variance. Discriminant analysis showed that none of the components could significantly discriminate the groups. However, visual inspection of the biplot showed a trend towards group separation in relation to gait velocity and stance time. PC1 represented gait rhythm and recurrent fallers tend to walk with lower velocity and cadence and increased stance time in relation to non-recurrent fallers. Conclusions: The spatiotemporal gait parameters analyzed failed to predict recurrent falls in this sample. PCA-biplot technique highlighted important trends or red flags that should be considered when evaluating recurrent falls in elderly females.
    Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background: With aging, is important maintain cognitive and motor functions to assure autonomy and quality of life. During the acquisition of motor skills is necessary for the elderly to be able to understand the purpose of the proposed activities and, for this, the physical and mental practice, as well as the demonstration, are strategies used for the learning of movements. Objective: To investigate the influence of mental practice and observation of movement on motor memory, and the relationship between cognitive function and motor performance in the execution of a sequence of digital movements in the elderly. Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 45 young and 45 aged subjects. The instruments used were: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Preference Inventory Manual and Digital Motor Task (composed by an execution’s training of a sequence of digital movements, an interval and a test phase). The subjects were divided into three subgroups: control, mental practice and observation of movement. Results: It was observed that elderly appear to depend more on the mental practice for the acquisition of a motor memory, and comparing the performance between different age groups we verified difference at runtime; in elderly there was a negative correlation between MMSE score and execution time and number of errors in the motor task. Conclusions: For elderly, the mental practice can promote motor performance, also, there is a significant relationship between cognitive function and learning and execution of new motor skills.
    Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia 01/2014;
  • Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia 01/2014;
  • Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia 02/2011; 15(1).
  • Source
    Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia 02/2011; 15(1):v-vi.

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