Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal (SCAND CARDIOVASC J)

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

Journal description

Formerly Scandinavian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal is published by the Society for the Publication of the Key Foundation, Sweden. As of 1997, it is promoted in collaboration between the Scandinavian Societies of Cardiology in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden and the Scandinavian Association for Thoracic Surgery, which all have adopted the journal as their official organ. The principal aim of the journal is to promote cardiovascular research that crosses the borders between disciplines. The journal is a forum for the entire field of cardiovascular research, basic and clinical, thoracic surgery, transplantation, interventional cardiology and extracorporeal technology. Manuscripts will be reviewed for possible publication on the understanding that they have not been published, simultaneously submitted or accepted for publication elsewhere. Instructions for authors should be strictly followed. The journal is published in English, with six issues a year.

Current impact factor: 1.10

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.104
2012 Impact Factor 0.819
2011 Impact Factor 0.926
2010 Impact Factor 0.895
2009 Impact Factor 1.07
2008 Impact Factor 0.908
2006 Impact Factor 1.037
2005 Impact Factor 0.757
2004 Impact Factor 0.731
2003 Impact Factor 0.573
2002 Impact Factor 0.44
2001 Impact Factor 0.607
2000 Impact Factor 0.508
1999 Impact Factor 0.472
1998 Impact Factor 0.271
1997 Impact Factor

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.03
Cited half-life 6.20
Immediacy index 0.15
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.35
Website Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal website
Other titles Scandinavian cardiovascular journal (Online)
ISSN 1401-7431
OCLC 37664074
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Informa Healthcare

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website or institution website
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged
    • On a non-profit server
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • NIH funded authors may post articles to PubMed Central for release 12 months after publication
    • Wellcome Trust authors may deposit in Europe PMC after 6 months
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess the relationship between hematological inflammatory signs, cardiovascular risk (CV) factors and prognosis in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and coronary artery ectasia (CAE). Design: We investigated 3321 AMI patients who required urgent primary percutaneous intervention, in two centres in the United Kingdom between January 2009 and August 2012. Thirty patients with CAE were compared with 60 age- and gender-matched controls. Blood was collected within 2 hours of the onset of chest pain. CV risk factors were assessed from the records. Major acute cardiac events and/or mortality (MACE) over two years were documented. Results: CAE occurred in 2.7 % and more often affected the right (RCA) (p= 0.001) and left circumflex artery (LCx) (0.0001). Culprit lesions were more frequently related to atherosclerosis in non-CAE patients (p=0.001). Yet, CV risk factors failed to differentiate between the groups, except diabetes, which was less frequent in CAE (p= 0.02). CRP was higher in CAE (p=0.006), whereas total leucocyte, neutrophil counts and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (N/L ratio) were lower (p=0.002, 0.002 and 0.032, respectively) than among non-CAE. This also was the case in diffuse vs. localized CAE (p=0.02, 0.008 and 0.03, respectively). The MACE incidence did not differ between CAE and non-CAE (p=0.083) patients, and clinical management and MACE were unrelated to the inflammatory markers. Conclusion: In AMI, patients with CAE commonly have aneurysmal changes in RCA and LCx, and their inflammatory responses differ from those with non-CAE. These differences did not have prognostic relevance, and do not suggest different management.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 03/2014;
  • Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 01/2011; 45:14.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In 20 dogs, the spleen was split in two parts, and the cranial portion was pulled through the diaphragm and sutured to the heart. In 8 of 12 dogs, the epicardium was peeled off. In 9 of the dogs local myocardial is-chaemia was attempted by ligating coronary artery branches and in one dog an aluminium needle was inserted into a coronary artery so as to produce gradual thrombosis. The dogs were killed or died 2–111 days after the operation. The heart and spleen were removed en bloc. Mixobar was injected through the splenic artery at a pressure of about 80 mm Hg. A good filling of the splenic vasculature was produced in 12 specimens. These were used for further examinations. Fibrosis was found in the “contact area” between the spleen and myocardium of dogs surviving more than 7 days. The degree of fibrosis was roughly correlated to survival time. Contrast medium was found in the “contact area” in all but 2 of the 12 specimens. This was seen as early as 2 days after the operation and also in dogs with intact epicardium. Contrast medium in the coronary vessels was found in one specimen. Spleeno-myocardial pexia does not appear to be a worthwhile method for producing myocardial revas-cularization in dogs.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 4(2). DOI:10.3109/14017437009134256
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 24-year-old woman with catamenial haemoptysis was treated with the antioestrogenic drug danazol for suspected pulmonary endometriosis. The haemoptysis then ceased, but rapidly recurred when the patient discontinued the medication 3 months later because of severe side effects. Lobectomy was performed, and the diagnosis histologically confirmed, 14 months after the onset of symptoms. Thereafter the patient was free from haemoptysis.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 27(2). DOI:10.3109/14017439309098701
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The morphological and physiological characteristics in five cases of Barrett's syndrome are described. All the patients had a stricture at the junction between the two types of epithelium as well as hiatal hernia with reflux. In addition, three patients had ulcers in the area lined with columnar epithelium. The epithelium distal to the stricture was studied by light microscopy in all 5 cases and by electron microscopy in one. No parietal or main cells were demonstrated, but the surface epithelium showed the same characteristics as the surface epithelium in the stomach. Electron microscopy disclosed two types of granulated cells, which have so far been detected only in the stomach. It is concluded, therefore, that the oesophageal mucosa was of the same type as in the cardia. A finding of particular interest was granulated cells of type G, showing the same electron microscopic characteristics as the gastrin-producing cells in the stomach. In one case manometry was used as a diagnostic aid. This procedure must be considered a valuable supplement to cinematographic X-ray examination and oeso-phagoscopy. This applies especially in differentiating between cases of Barrett's syndrome with low stenosis and cases of hiatal hernia with oesophagitis and stricture, but without abnormal epithelial lining.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 6(2). DOI:10.3109/14017437209134800
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A spontaneous development of left-sided chylothorax was observed in an otherwise healthy patient. Repeated thoracocenteses were performed and followed by left-sided explorative thoracotomy, including ligation of the thoracic duct. Exudation of lymph into the pleural cavity was thus arrested. The various causes of a development of chylothorax are summarized, and the basis on which the diagnosis may be established is briefly discussed together with the therapeutical results.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 8(2). DOI:10.3109/14017437409130747
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thymolipoma is a rare, benign, mediastinal tumour. Thirty-four cases have previously been reported in the literature available to us. One further case is described here. A symptomless 35-year-old man had been misdiagnosed for cardiac enlargement 20 years before he was sent to the hospital. A tumour of 2 000 g was surgically removed. It was asymptomatic, consisted of a large solid mass and extended as long branches in the loose tissue between the mediastinal organs. Histological examination revealed mature fat tissue with islets and strands of thymic tissue.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 7(1). DOI:10.3109/14017437309139169
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic dilatation of the right atrium in a young woman is reported. Thoracotomy was performed for suspected pericardial cyst. Intraoperative findings suggested idiopathic right atrial dilatation, which was histologically confirmed. Two years after partial resection of the dilated right atrial wall the patient is doing well. Management of asymptomatic idiopathic dilatation of the right atrium should be medical, surgery being reserved for patients with symptoms.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 18(3). DOI:10.3109/14017438409109889
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A case of aortic coarctation combined with an anomalous right subclavian artery with both subclavian arteries arising distal to the coarctation is described. Bilateral reversion of the blood flow in both vertebrals was demonstrated. The main collaterals between the carotid arteries and the vertebrals were extracranial. The intra-cerebral circulation was unaffected. The patient, a nine-year-old boy, was successfully treated by operation.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 4(2). DOI:10.3109/14017437009134258
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The results of surgical closure of atrial septal defect of secundum type (ASD) in 28 patients over 40 years of age with a closed method, circumclusion ad modum Søndergaard, are presented. One death occurred in the postoperative period caused by cerebral embolism in a patient with increased pressure in the pulmonary artery and atrial fibrillation. The most frequent postoperative complications were transient atrial arrhythmias and the post-pericardiotomy syndrome. The pressures in the pulmonary artery decreased in all patients, who had increased pressures pre-operatively. In two patients with pulmonary vascular resistance of 6 mmHg/l/min before operation the resistance was significantly reduced postoperatively. Residual shunts of less than 30% of the systemic flow were present in 4 cases. The ASD recurred years after the operation in two patients. At follow-up examinations on an average 44 months after operation, 75% had improved. In 20 cases the heart was reduced in size. In the remaining 6 the heart size was unchanged or larger, in spite of eliminated shunts in 5 of the 6 patients. Of 8 patients with atrial fibrillation before operation, two gained stable sinus rhythm postoperatively. It is concluded that circumclusion is also an effective method in the elderly patient with ASD and that such patients should undergo surgical repair of the defect.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 14(2). DOI:10.3109/14017438009100991
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary vein blood flow in mitral valve disease was studied peroperatively in 10 patients undergoing valve replacement. Flow was recorded using a Nycotron electromagnetic flowmeter with a cuff type probe on the right upper pulmonary vein. Pressures in the left atrium and ventricle were recorded simultaneously. the recordings were made both before cannulation for extracorporeal circulation and after mitral valve replacement. the flow curves had a pulsatile pattern and reflected the pressure events in the left atrium. Forward flow reached maximum during ventricular diastole and was reversed during ventricular systole. Maximum retrograde flow coincided with a peak of the left atrial v-wave. With a few exceptions, there was good agreement between the degree of pulmonary vein retrograde flow and grade of mitral insufficiency at left ventricular angiography. After valve replacement, no retrograde pulmonary vein flow was observed. in the majority of patients the v-wave in the left atrium was markedly reduced by surgery. the generation and the relationship of the left atrial v-wave and the retrograde pulmonary vein flow is discussed. It is concluded that the method described may be useful as a reference method when evaluating the degree of mitral insufficiency. It is a valuable tool for the analysis of the haemodynamic events in the left atrium and the pulmonary veins in heart disease.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 9(1). DOI:10.3109/14017437509137620
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Furiher to previous reports in the literature on 30 cases of thymolipoma, one further such case is clinically and histopathologically described. A tumour weighing HOOg was was incidentally discovered in an otherwise healthy man, 20 years old, whose X-ray examination suggested an enlarged heart. This benign, rare mediastinal tumour is usually asymptomatic or causes mechanical compression of mediastinal organs. Histologically, there are islets and strands of thymic tissue intermingled with mature fat cells.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 2(2). DOI:10.3109/14017436809131897
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Internal mammary artery intramyocardial implantations were performed in 24 dogs. In 11 dogs three main branches of the implant were left open in the myocardial tunnel. In 13 dogs all major branches of the implant were ligated prior to the implantation. Six of the dogs with open branches of the implant and six with ligated branches were sacrificed, after at least 45 days, whereafter contrast medium was injected into the implanted artery. In five living dogs with open implant branches and seven with ligated branches, contrast medium was injected into the implanted artery at least 66 days after the implantation. Micro-angiographical and histological investigations revealed that there was a wider and denser distribution of contrast medium in the myocardium of dogs in which branches had been left open in the myocardial tunnel than in those with all major branches ligated. Thrombosis was seen in one implant with open branches, and was restricted to its distal segment. The results indicate that open implant branches facilitate the development of anastomosing vessels between the implant and the myocardial vasculature, and that the blood flowing through this vascular system can reach the myocardial capillaries. They further indicate that the more extensive exposure of damaged intima in implants with open branches does not enhance thrombus formation. Thus, intramyocardial vessel implants for revascularization purposes should have as many open branches as possible.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 5(1). DOI:10.3109/14017437109131947
  • Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 41(1). DOI:10.1080/14017430701194459
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A report is presented of 93 patients referred for specialist management of thoracic injuries in the 5-year period 1973–1978. Penetrating trauma to the thorax had been sustained by 18 patients and blunt trauma by 75. Falls and traffic accidents were the most common causes (32 and 35 cases). Rib fractures were the most frequent lesions, and 10 of these 67 patients had flail chest. Hemothorax and/or pneumothorax were found in four-fifths of the patients. The diaphragm was torn in five cases. Three had lesions of the heart and/or pericardium and one patient had a tracheal lesion. Closed pleural drainage was the most commonly used treatment. Thoracotomy was performed in 10 of the 93 patients. The mortality rate in the series (10%) agreed with findings from other, similar studies.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 20(1). DOI:10.3109/14017438609105917
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In nine children with congenital heart defects, left-to-right shunting was assessed during open-heart surgery by injecting cold 5% glucose solution through a left atrial line and detecting temperature change with a pulmonary arterial thermistor. The shunt was quantified by recording the temperature after injecting the same amount of cold glucose solution also through a central venous line. Oximetric determination of the left-to-right shunt was used as a reference. The result was expressed as shunt flow divided by pulmonary blood flow (Qshunt/Qp). The regression equation then obtained was Qshunt/Qp by thermodilution = 0.05+0.87xQshunt/Qp by oximetry. The residual standard deviation around the line of regression was 0.03. The thermodilution technique can be used for rapid assessment of the presence and magnitude of left-to-right shunting, provided that there is opportunity for the indicator to mix adequately in the main blood stream before shunting occurs.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 21(3). DOI:10.3109/14017438709106025
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Blood flow has been studied with the electromagnetic flowmeter in 22 patients after reconstruction of the leg arteries during the per- and early postoperative periods with implanted flow probes. Sixteen vein bypasses, 5 superficial femoral arteries and 2 common femoral arteries were studied. The average flow after reconstruction was 215 in the vein bypasses, 210 in the superficial femoral artery and 240, respective, 250 in the common femoral artery. The flow increased during the final phase of operation, and on termination the flow was in average 290 ml/min in the bypass 340 ml/min in the superficial femoral artery and 690 and 705 ml/min, respectively, in the common femoral artery. Repeated measurements were made 24, 48 and 72 hours postoperatively and the changes in flow were studied at rest and during various forms of exercise. The flow decreased during the first postoperative hours. From the afternoon of the day of operation to the next day, the flow at rest increased significantly in the bypass cases from 220 to 320 ml/min and remained at this level during the following days. The calf exercises in supine position increased the flow 60 to 85% in average in all the investigated vessels. Heel raising increased the flow 150% in the bypass and the superficial femoral artery and 225% in the common femoral artery. Bicycling with a load of 150 kpm/min increased the flow approximately 100% in the vein bypass and the superficial femoral artery and 260% in the common femoral artery. Some low flow values recorded after reconstruction were corrected with blood transfusion and further surgical intervention. One patient had a flow of only 30 ml/min on the second postoperative day, which increased after correction of an acute attack of atrial fibrillation and a probable state of hypovolaemia.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 4(2):159-171. DOI:10.3109/14017437009134259
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A more durable carbon has been tested in a Kay-Shiley disc valve, but demonstrated a too pronounced strut wear to be acceptable. A Bjork-Shiley valve with a pyrolytic carbon disc is under investigation. Furthermore, a thicker-edged delrin disc would produce a significantly more marked strut wear than the standard delrin disc. In the Bjork-Shiley tilting disc valve, evidence from in vivo cycling indicates a disc rotation, either as a random change of orientation or a more consistent rotation. This disc rotation provides a more even distribution of wear and gives a disc lifetime of significantly more than 20 to 30 years.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 5(2):87-91. DOI:10.3109/14017437109135537
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Incapacitating claudication or impending gangrene was present in 27 patients with isolated obstruction of the superficial femoral artery. The deep femoral artery was patent and the aorto-iliac blood flow was deemed adequate in all cases. It is concluded that femoro-popliteal vein bypass is the method of choice for this condition. Shunt reconstruction was carried out on 29 extremities, which to date have been followed from 3 months to 3 years after surgery. Seventeen of 19 claudicants were significantly improved, while 5 of 10 procedures for impending gangrene were successful. The 7 instances of shunt failure all occurred during the first year after surgery, and 5 of these within 3 months. In 12 extremities, the bypass vein was anastomosed to the common femoral and in 17 extremities to the superficial femoral artery. The level of anastomosis did not influence the shunt patency rate. In performing the lowest anastomosis, however, temporary occlusion of the patent deep femoral artery can be avoided.
    Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal 07/2009; 4(2):178-182. DOI:10.3109/14017437009134261