Prevention Science (PREV SCI)

Publisher: Society for Prevention Research, Springer Verlag

Journal description

Prevention Science will be the official publication of the Society for Prevention Research. The Journal will serve as an interdisciplinary forum designed to disseminate new developments in the theory research and practice of prevention. Prevention sciences encompassing etiology epidemiology and intervention will be represented through peer-reviewed original research articles on a variety of health and social problems including but not limited to substance abuse mental health HIV/AIDS violence accidents teenage pregnancy suicide delinquency STD's obesity diet/nutrition exercise and chronic illness. The journal also publishes literature reviews theoretical articles and papers concerning new developments in methodology.

Current impact factor: 2.63

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2009 Impact Factor 3.018

Additional details

5-year impact 3.69
Cited half-life 6.40
Immediacy index 0.44
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 1.58
Website Prevention Science website
Other titles Prevention science (Online)
ISSN 1389-4986
OCLC 44189879
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Children and adolescents currently comprise the largest proportion of the population in developing countries across the globe, including many countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Sub-Saharan Africa is especially affected by these trends (also referred to as the 'youth bulge,') because within this overwhelming proportion of young people, millions have been orphaned due to HIV/AIDS and other diseases. Orphanhood increases the likelihood that these young people will grow-up in poverty, drop out of school, and become infected with HIV. In order to protect these children and adolescents from falling prey to poverty and disease, programs and policies aimed at securing a healthy developmental trajectory are desperately needed. One such program is an innovative family-level economic strengthening intervention aimed at increasing the life chances of school-going orphaned and vulnerable children (12-16 years) in Uganda. AIDS-orphaned adolescents aged 12-16 years, at study initiation, from 10 comparable public primary schools in the two districts of southern Uganda (Rakai and Masaka Districts)—heavily impacted by HIV/AIDS—were randomly assigned to either a control condition (bolstered usual care for orphans in Uganda; n = 167), or a treatment condition (Suubi-Maka; n = 179). At baseline, there were no observable differences between the two study groups. All study participants received usual care plus mentorship from a near-peer (hereafter referred to as bolstered usual care). In addition to bolstered usual care, participants in the treatment condition received a matched Child Savings Account (CSA) and microenterprise development workshops. Data were collected at baseline, and at 12- and 24-months post intervention initiation. For the analyses, we use data from baseline and 24-month post-intervention initiation (the study endline). Data obtained at baseline and 24-month post-intervention initiation revealed significant differences between participants in the control and treatment groups in measureable educational outcomes. Specifically, although there were no reported significant differences at baseline between the two study groups, at 24-month post-intervention initiation, adolescents in the treatment condition reported a significantly higher likelihood to attend and take the Primary Leaving Examinations (PLE) compared to adolescents in the control condition. In addition, participants in the treatment condition exhibited greater confidence in achieving their future educational plan - beyond primary schooling, and registered lower levels of hopelessness and higher levels of selfconcept, compared to participants in the control condition. The findings contribute to an ongoing debate on how to address the developmental impacts of the increasing numbers of poor and vulnerable children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. In this case, the findings indicate that innovative family-level economic strengthening programs, over and above bolstered usual care that includes mentorship for young people, may have positive developmental impacts, including those related to education, health, and psychosocial functioning. These are the kinds of positive impacts needed for sub-Saharan Africa to benefit from the current youth bulge. Policy makers and programmers working towards optimizing the socioeconomic benefits from the current youth bulge in sub-Saharan Africa may want to consider incorporating family-level economic strengthening interventions to augment ongoing government programming around Universal Primary Education.
    Prevention Science 09/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Despite the presence of tobacco control policies, Louisiana continues to experience a high smoking burden and elevated smoking-attributable deaths. The SimSmoke model provides projections of these health outcomes in the face of existing and expanded (simulated) tobacco control polices. The SimSmoke model utilizes population data, smoking rates, and various tobacco control policy measures from Louisiana to predict smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable deaths. The model begins in 1993 and estimates are projected through 2054. The model is validated against existing Louisiana smoking prevalence data. The most powerful individual policy measure for reducing smoking prevalence is cigarette excise tax. However, a comprehensive cessation treatment policy is predicted to save the most lives. A combination of tobacco control policies provides the greatest reduction in smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable deaths. The existing Louisiana excise tax ranks as one of the lowest in the country and the legislature is against further increases. Alternative policy measures aimed at lowering prevalence and attributable deaths are: cessation treatments, comprehensive smoke-free policies, and limiting youth access. These three policies have a substantial effect on smoking prevalence and attributable deaths and are likely to encounter more favor in the Louisiana legislature than increasing the state excise tax.
    Prevention Science 08/2015; in press. DOI:10.1007/s11121-015-0587-2
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    ABSTRACT: Addiction is serious problem that requires effective treatment. Previous studies support personalized feedback interventions (PFIs) as an effective treatment for drinking; however, the potential beneficial effects of this treatment on illegal drug use have not been explored. The present study examined the effects of PFIs in a sample of repetitive drug-related offenders. Participants were 50 repetitive drug-related offenders incarcerated in a Japanese prison. They were randomly assigned to the PFIs (n = 20) or control (n = 30) group. The PFIs group received six letters for 3 months, whereas the control group did not undergo any interventions. We defined relapse and recidivism as drug-related reoffending and reentering prison after release, respectively. In the 3.6-year follow-up analysis (range, 0.1-5.8 years), participants' criminal records were examined, and results indicated a decreased risk of relapse and recidivism for the PFIs group relative to the control group, even when controlling for age, educational level, number of prison terms, and sentence length. Thus, our findings suggest that PFIs reduce the likelihood of relapse and recidivism in drug-related offenders.
    Prevention Science 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11121-015-0571-x
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    ABSTRACT: The preventive effect of late-life physical exercise on cognitive deterioration has been reported in many cohort studies. However, the effect of exercise, independent of other cognitively demanding and social activities, is equivocal and little is known about the relative contributions of frequency, intensity, and duration of exercise. This study aimed to examine the relationships of exercise and its underlying components with cognitive function and rate of cognitive change over an 8-year period in a nationally representative sample of older Taiwanese. Data from the 1999, 2003, and 2007 phases of the nationwide longitudinal survey were used. Data from a fixed cohort of 1,268 participants aged 70 years or older in 1999 with 8 years of follow-up were analyzed. Cognitive function was assessed using the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire. Self-reported frequency, intensity, and duration of exercise were collected. A generalized estimating equation with multivariate adjustment for sociodemographic variables, cognitive and social leisure activities, lifestyle behaviors, and health status was calculated. Participants who were physically active during leisure time had better subsequent cognitive function (incident rate ratios [IRR] = 0.63; 95 % CI, 0.54-0.75) and a slower rate of cognitive decline (p = 0.01). Among the components of exercise, only duration emerged as a predictor of cognitive function (p = 0.01). Older adults engaging in exercise for at least 30 min or more per session are likely to reduce the risk of subsequent cognitive decline. This research supports the case for physical exercise programs for older adults in order to help prevent loss of cognitive function.
    Prevention Science 05/2015; 16(4):568-577. DOI:10.1007/s11121-014-0509-8
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    ABSTRACT: Little attention is paid in prevention research to the ability of measures to accurately assess change, termed "responsiveness" or "sensitivity to change." This paper reviews definitions and measures of responsiveness, and suggests five strategies for increasing sensitivity to change, with central focus on prevention research with small samples: (a) improving understandability and cultural validity, (b) assuring that the measure covers the full range of the latent construct being measured, (c) eliminating redundant items, (d) maximizing sensitivity of the device used to collect responses; and (e) asking directly about change. Examples of the application of each strategy are provided. The discussion focuses on using the issues as a checklist for improving measures and the implications of sensitivity to change for prevention research with small samples.
    Prevention Science 02/2015; 16(7). DOI:10.1007/s11121-015-0545-z
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this manuscript is to describe strategies for maximizing the yield of data from small samples in prevention research. We begin by discussing what "small" means as a description of sample size in prevention research. We then present a series of practical strategies for getting the most out of data when sample size is small and constrained. Our focus is the prototypic between-group test for intervention effects; however, we touch on the circumstance in which intervention effects are qualified by one or more moderators. We conclude by highlighting the potential usefulness of graphical methods when sample size is too small for inferential statistical methods.
    Prevention Science 01/2015; 16(7). DOI:10.1007/s11121-014-0542-7
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    ABSTRACT: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adolescents are at increased risk for substance use, relative to their heterosexual counterparts. Although previous research has demonstrated that experiences of anti-LGBT harassment, discrimination, and victimization may explain some of this disparity, little is known about the mechanisms whereby such mistreatment leads to substance abuse. This study aimed to examine whether mechanisms suggested by the Social Development Model might explain the links between school-based victimization and substance use in this population. Five hundred and four ethnically diverse LGBT adolescents ages 14-19 reported their experiences with school victimization, substance abuse, school bonding, and deviant peer group affiliation. Anti-LGBT victimization in school was associated with substance abuse, and although causality cannot be established, structural equation modeling confirmed that the data are consistent with a theoretical model in which this association was mediated by increased affiliation with deviant peers. Preventive interventions for LGBT adolescents must not only attempt to make schools safer for these youth, but also help keep them engaged in healthy peer groups when they are confronted with mistreatment in school.
    Prevention Science 12/2014; 16(5). DOI:10.1007/s11121-014-0507-x
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    ABSTRACT: Light cigarette adoption involves complex psychological and behavioral processes with many underlying factors. While numerous studies have shown that environmental restrictions on smoking are associated with higher probability of smoking cessation, it is also possible that some smokers may switch from regular to light cigarettes due to environmental pressures. The current study evaluates whether smoking restrictions in households, workplaces, and public places were respectively associated with light cigarette adoption. A cross-sectional multistage sampling process was used to recruit participants and collect data about demographics and smoking characteristics and environmental restriction variables. Multiple logistic models were employed to examine the association between environmental smoking restrictions and light cigarette adoption. Of 4735 respondents, 1592 (30.3 %) were current smokers, and 69.7 % (N = 1141) of the smokers were identified as light cigarette adopters. In a multivariate model, smoking restrictions in households, workplaces, and public places were significantly associated with higher light cigarette adoption. Under environmental smoking restrictions, which pose unique challenges to tobacco control efforts, light cigarette adoption may increase. The study findings are essential for health policy makers in designing and implementing targeted smoking cessation interventions and health education programs.
    Prevention Science 12/2014; 16(6). DOI:10.1007/s11121-014-0541-8