Parasitology International (Parasitol Int )

Publisher: Nihon Kiseichū Gakkai, Elsevier

Journal description

Parasitology International provides a medium for rapid, carefully reviewed publications in the field of human and animal parasitology. Original papers, rapid communications, and original case reports from all geographical areas and covering all parasitological disciplines, including structure, immunology, cell biology, biochemistry, molecular biology, and systematics, may be submitted. Reviews on recent developments are invited regularly, but suggestions in this respect are welcome. Letters to the Editor commenting on any aspect of the Journal are also welcome.

Current impact factor: 2.11

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.111
2012 Impact Factor 2.302
2011 Impact Factor 2.132
2010 Impact Factor 2.259
2009 Impact Factor 1.701
2008 Impact Factor 2.152
2007 Impact Factor 1.776
2006 Impact Factor 1.5
2005 Impact Factor 1.28
2004 Impact Factor 1.083
2003 Impact Factor 1.205
2002 Impact Factor 1.03

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.37
Cited half-life 4.50
Immediacy index 0.69
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.66
Website Parasitology International website
Other titles Parasitology international (Online), PI
ISSN 1383-5769
OCLC 39127237
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Malaria remains the major cause of disease morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa with complex immune responses associated with disease outcomes. Symptoms associated with severe malaria have generally shown chemokine upregulation but little is known of responses to uncomplicated malaria. Eight villages in central Cameroon of 1045 volunteers were screened. Among these, malaria-positive individuals with some healthy controls were selected for chemokine analysis using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) kits. Depressed serum levels of CXCL5 and raised CCL28 were observed in malarial positives when compared with healthy controls. The mean concentration of CXCL11 was higher in symptomatic than asymptomatic group, while CCL28 was lower in symptomatic individuals. Lower chemokine levels were associated with symptoms of uncomplicated malaria except for CXCL11 which was upregulated among fever-positive group. The mean CXCL5 level was higher in malaria sole infection than co-infections with HIV and Loa loa. Also, there was a raised mean level of malaria + HIV co-infection for CXCL9. This study hypothesises a situation where depressed chemokines in the face of clinical presentations could indicate an attempt by the immune system in preventing a progression process from uncomplicated to complicated outcomes with CXCL11 being identified as possible biomarker for malarial fever.
    Parasitology International 04/2015; 64(2):139-144.
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    ABSTRACT: Centrocestus formosanus is an intestinal foodborne trematode with medical and veterinary importance that remains with pathological and immunological aspects of the infection in definitive host poorly studied. In the present study, we evaluated effects of pharmacological immunosuppression by glucocorticoids in experimental centrocestiasis. Mice of the AKR/J strain were orally inoculated with 100 metacercariae of C. formosanus obtained in naturally infected fish (Australoheros facetus) collected in an urban reservoir from Brazil. Treatment with dexamethasone (25mg/kg, via subcutaneous injection) was started 1 hour before infection of mice and then continued daily during 14 days post-infection. Untreated mice also infected with C. formosanus were used as control. At the end of the treatment course, all rodents were euthanized and adult parasites recovered from host intestines were subjected to morphological and morphometric analysis under optical microscopy. The worm burden in dexamethasone treated group [70 ± 14 (41–85)] was significantly greater (p < 0.0001) than that in the control group [15 ± 4 (10–22)]. In addition, the parasites recovered from immunosuppressed mice were larger, with more developed reproductive structures and greater number of intrauterine eggs than in control mice. These parasite developmental changes induced by dexamethasone treatment are reported for the first time in experimental centrocestiasis. Moreover the higher parasite fecundity induced by glucocorticoid treatment had so far not been reported for any heterophyid species, which can have implications for the pathology and morbidity in infections caused by these parasites.
    Parasitology International 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Species of the family Prosthogonimidae are considered the most pathogenic poultry trematodes worldwide, affecting particularly low intensity farming in rural areas. Adults of Prosthogonimus occur mainly in the bursa of Fabricius, oviduct and cloaca of ducks, geese, fowl and other birds feeding at least occasionally on dragonflies or damselflies (Odonata). We analyzed the central European species of the Prosthogonimidae, namely Prosthogonimus cuneatus, P. ovatus, P. pellucidus and P. rarus. We sequenced three nuclear (ITS2) and mitochondrial (CO1, ND1) DNA loci of four species isolated from Anas clypeata, Anas strepera, Anas platyrhynchos, Aythya ferina, Passer domesticus and Turdus merula. Intra- and inter-specific sequence variability revealed that all four species represent distinct well-defined entities. Our data, combined with previously published studies, suggest the return of the name Prosthogonimus rarus Braun, 1901 for Schistogonimus rarus (Braun, 1901). The genus name Schistogonimus Lühe, 1909 is considered a junior synonym of Prosthogonimus Lühe, 1899. We identified the existence of two clades, one represented by P. cuneatus and P. pellucidus, and another one formed by P. ovatus and P. rarus. We also provide comparative measurements of these four central European prosthogonimids, and address their tissue specificity, host-specific prevalence (based on the extensive bird cohort examined in years 1962-2014), and for some bird hosts we address also differences in the prevalence of Prosthogonimus spp. in natural and near-natural wetlands in comparison with fishponds utilized for intense carp production. We provide an updated key to European Prosthogonimus spp. based on their morphological characters. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Parasitology International 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: The composition, structure and pattern of helminth assemblages associated with the storks (Ciconiidae), ibises and spoonbills (Threskiornithidae) are poorly understood. Here we analyze the prevalence, intensity and diversity of the helminth component communities associated with the white stork Ciconia ciconia and black stork Ciconia nigra, and notice the findings of helminths on Eurasian spoonbill Platalea leucorodia and glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus obtained in the Czech Republic in years 1962-2013. Comparison with datasets from multiple European countries supports the existence of well-defined local helminth component communities, which are subject to strong geographic variation. The diversity of the helminth component communities reached 11.0 ± 1.6 (C. ciconia) and 12.5 ± 5.4 (C. nigra) species, with the Berger-Parker dominance index reaching only 0.24 and 0.21, respectively. Typically, the dominant species (Chaunocephalus ferox, Tylodelphys excavata and Dictymetra discoidea in C. ciconia, and Cathaemasia hians and Dicheilonema ciconiae in C. nigra) were considered as local, with intermediate host species available onsite. Ten of the 11 species with known life cycle were capable to complete their life cycle locally, which is in strong contrast with the situation in Czech egrets and herons. In C. ciconia and C. nigra, the highest helminth load was in juveniles, whereas Echinostoma sudanense, absent in the juveniles, was associated with intermediate hosts absent in the study area. Relative prevalence and frequency of helminths associated with male and female C. ciconia was highly similar to each other. The first systematically collected evidence of the intra-annual changes of the helminth assemblages in storks is provided.
    Parasitology International 02/2015; 64(2):130-134.
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    ABSTRACT: Acanthocephala is a relatively small, but distinct obligate parasitic group that includes 4 classes Archiacanthocephala, Palaeacanthocephala, Polyacanthocephala, and Eoacanthocephala. The phylogenetic relationships of acanthocephalans are mainly based on nuclear ribosomal genes. In this study, we determined the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Southwellina hispida (Palaeacanthocephala: Polymorphida), and used this genome sequence along with other platyzoan species (including syndermatan groups) to assess its phylogenetic position within Acanthocephala. The S. hispida mtDNA is a 14,742bp circular molecule that contains 36 genes (lacking atp8) encoded in the same direction. Phylogenetic analyses of amino acid sequences for 12 protein-coding genes suggested palaeacanthocephalan species to be monophyletic, and this group to be sister to Eoacanthocephala. These results confirm other morphological and molecular data supporting Palaeacanthocephalan monophyly. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Parasitology International 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a major fatal disease prevalent in North-East India, caused by a protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani. The parasite multiplies and thrives inside mammalian macrophages and is transmitted by the bite of the sandfly. Due to the unsatisfactory treatment measures, increasing drug resistance and the advent of HIV-Leishmania co-infection there has been an urgent need to develop novel drug/vaccine targets against VL. Target identification is the key step in drug discovery and proteomics seems to be a suitable strategy for it due to the availability of L. major, L. infantum, L. braziliensis, L. donovani, L. mexicana and L. tarentolae genome sequence. Since, majority of proteome analysis of Leishmania has, so far, been performed on whole-cell extracts; this study is dealing with the sub-proteome analysis of the membrane-enriched proteins (MEPs) fractions of L. donovani. The analysis of 95 protein spots of MEPs from two dimensional (2-D) gel image through matrix asserted laser desorption ionization-time of flight/mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS) endorsed the identification of various relevant functional proteins. Out of 95 MEPs spots 72 have been identified and were classified on the basis of their biological function. Several proteins of unknown function have been identified that belongs to different classes like cell signaling, transmembrane receptors, transporters etc which could be the new potential therapeutic targets against VL in future. Proteome array of MEPs contribute to further elucidation of biological system of L. donovani as well as host-parasite relationships which may be further investigated for their crucial biological role in L. donovani for disease management. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Parasitology International 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Quantitative complex analyses of parasite communities of invaders across different native and introduced populations are largely lacking. The present study provides comparative analysis of species richness of helminth parasites in native and invasive populations of grey mullets. The total species richness differed between regions and host species, but did not differ when compared invasive and native hosts. The size of parasite assemblages of endohelminths was higher in the Mediterranean and Azov-Black Sea, while monogeneans were the most diverse in the Sea of Japan. The helminth diversity was apparently higher in the introduced population of L. haematocheilus than in those of their native habitat, but this trend could not be confirmed when size of geographic range and sampling efforts were controlled for. The parasite species richness at the infracommunity level of the invasive host population is significantly lower in comparison with native host populations that lending support to the enemy release hypothesis. A distribution pattern of the infracommunity richness of acquired parasites by the invasive host can be characterized as aggregated and it is random in native host populations. Heterogeneity in the host susceptibility and vulnerability to acquired helminth species assumed to be a reason of the aggregation of species numbers in population of the invasive host. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Parasitology International 01/2015; 64(4).
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of a Raphidascarid parasitic nematode Hysterothylacium aduncum (Rudolphi,1802) in two sparid fish (Sparus aurata and Diplodus vulgaris) and one soleid fish (Solea solea) was investigated in this study. A total of 868 individuals; 385 S. aurata, 437 D. vulgaris and 46 S. solea were collected from the Mersin Bay between February 2013 and January 2014 and examined. Variations in the prevalence, mean intensity, and mean abundance of the parasite were 14.55%, 2.05, 0.30 for S. aurata, 4.12%, 2.44, 0.10 for D. vulgaris, and 15.22%, 3.29, 0.50 for S. sole respectively. Nucleotide sequences of 1398 base pair long fragment of 18S rRNA-ITS1-5.8S rRNA-ITS2-28S rRNA region and 641 base pair long fragment of mtDNA cytochrome c oxidase I (cox1) gene were used in molecular identification of isolated parasites at species level. All the parasite samples were identified as Hysterothylacium aduncum based on nucleotide sequence comparisons. Both ITS rDNA and mtDNA cox1 sequences revealed a genetic variation among H. aduncum specimens isolated from different fish species, while only mtDNA cox1 sequences were indicating a mean genetic distance of 0.010 among H. aduncum specimens of the same host species
    Parasitology International 12/2014; 64(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Artemisinin has many derivatives, and they are effective against Plasmodium spp. However, only a limited number of reports have confirmed the efficacy of artemisinin derivatives against Babesia spp. In this study, whether artemisinin and artemether could inhibit the growth of B. gibsoni was evaluated in vitro. In addition, the interaction between artemerther and lumefantrine was evaluated. These drugs inhibited the growth of B. gibsoni, but artemisinin and artemerther showed lower sensitivity against atovaquone-resistant B. gibsoni than against wild-type B. gibsoni. The interaction between artemerther and lumefantrine showed synergism against B. gibsoni. Although further study is needed, the combination of artemisinin derivatives could be useful for babesiosis.
    Parasitology International 12/2014; 64(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Thioredoxin (Trx) is an oxidoreductase central to redox homeostasis in cells and is involved in the regulation of protein activity through thiol/disulfide exchanges. Based on these facts, our goal was to purify and characterize cytosolic thioredoxin from Taenia crassiceps cysticerci, as well as to study its behavior as a substrate of thioredoxin-glutathione reductase (TGR). The enzyme was purified > 133-fold with a total yield of 9.7%. A molecular mass of 11.7 kDa and a pI of 4.84 were measured.
    Parasitology International 12/2014; 64(2).
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    ABSTRACT: This paper reviews the family Gymnophallidae, recognizing as valid seven genera; four within the subfamily Gymnophallinae: Gymnophallus Odhner, 1900 (syn. Meiogymnophallus Ching, 1965), Paragymnophallus Ching, 1973, Pseudogymnophallus Hoberg, 1981, and Bartolius Cremonte, 2001, and three in the Parvatrematinae: Parvatrema Cable, 1953, Lacunovermis Ching, 1965, and Gymnophalloides Fujita, 1925. Specimens representing one species of each available genus were chosen from those well-described and non controversial species, for which strong morphological information was available, and used for molecular studies (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2-28S rDNA strands were sequenced). The presence or absence of a pars prostatica differentiates between the 2 subfamilies, Gymnophallinae and Parvatrematinae. The characters used to differentiate genera are: location of the ovary (pre-, post- or inter-testicular), size and location of the genital pore (inconspicuous and located at the anterior margin of the ventral sucker, or conspicuous and located at some distance from the anterior margin of ventral sucker), presence of caecal pockets, and presence or absence of ventral pit (a muscular structure which can be either well-developed, similar in size and musculature to the ventral sucker, or be poorly developed). The characters previously used to distinguish among genera that actually should be considered to separate species include: shape of tegument spines (broad, sharp or serrated), presence of lateral projections on the oral sucker (also called papillae or lips), shape of the seminal vesicle (unipartite or bipartite), shape of the prostatic duct (elongate or oval), presence of papillae on the genital pore, shape of the genital atrium (tubular, wide, oval), shape of the vitellaria (follicular in a variable degree, paired or single), shape of the excretory vesicle (V or Y), extension of uterus (restricted to forebody, at hindbody or extending in both). Additionally, some of these characters may vary with the age of worm. The morphological and molecular information obtained in this study provided strong support for recognizing seven valid genera in the family Gymnophallidae. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Parasitology International 12/2014; 64(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Intestinal mucous cell numbers and their glycoconjugate composition were investigated by histochemical methods in uninfected chub, Squalius cephalus, and in conspecifics naturally parasitised with the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus laevis. A sub-population of 42 chub from the River Tiber (Perugia, Italy) were sampled and screened for ecto and endoparasites. No parasites were found in gills and in other visceral organs of chub and P. laevis appeared to be the only enteric worm encountered. In all infected chub (twenty-eight out of 42) this acanthocephalan was encountered mainly in the mid-gut. In situ, an excessive yellowish mucus or catarrh was observed around each acanthocephalan. Hyperplasia and hypertrophy of the mucous cells were only evident near the site of P. laevis attachment where the total number of mucous cells and the number of those containing acidic, particularly non-sulphated mucins, or mixed glycoconjugates were significantly higher. In intestinal regions of infected fish far away from the point of parasite attachment, there were no statistical differences in the density of mucous cells in comparison to uninfected fish. Interestingly, in parasitised chub, the length of intestinal folds were significantly larger close to the sites at which P. laevis attach when compared to the length of the intestinal folds located further away from the acanthocephalans and/or in uninfected intestines. The effect of P. laevis on intestinal mucous cells of S. cephalus was compared to other parasite-host systems and the role of enhanced mucus production in parasitized intestines was discussed. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Parasitology International 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Infectious diarrhea is the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal calves. Cryptosporidium parvum is one of the main pathogens associated with calf diarrhea. Although diarrhea is a symptom of infection with various pathogens, investigations to detect the types of pathogens have never been performed in Japan. This study investigated the prevalence of four major diarrhea-causing pathogens in calves: C. parvum, rotavirus, coronavirus, and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (E. coli K99). Commercial immunochromatography testing of all four pathogens and molecular analysis of C. parvum with diarrhea in calves from southernmost Okinawa and northernmost Hokkaido, Japan, were conducted. The frequencies of C. parvum, rotavirus, coronavirus, and E. coli (K99) in Okinawa were 50%, 28%, 2.3%, and 4.7%, respectively. Watery fecal stools were significantly correlated with C. parvum (p<0.05). In oocyst calculations for C. parvum, no significant difference was observed between the single-infection cases and the mixed-infection cases with rotavirus. Interestingly, molecular analyses targeting small subunit ribosomal RNA as well as glycoprotein 60 (GP60) genes revealed that the C. parvum nucleotide sequences from the two prefectures were identical, indicating that C. parvum with a uniform characteristic is distributed throughout Japan. GP60 subtyping analysis identified C. parvum from Okinawa and Hokkaido as belonging to the IIaA15G2R1 subtype, a known zoonotic subtype. Hence, control of cryptosporidiosis is important not only for pre-weaned calves, but also for human health. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Parasitology International 12/2014; 64(2).