Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

The Earth's biosphere is being transformed by various anthropogenic activities. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change addresses a wide range of environmental topics and pressing issues including global climate change processes and effects stratospheric ozone depletion acid deposition eutrophication of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems species extinction and loss of biological diversity deforestation and forest degradation desertification soil resource degradation and land use change sea-level rise and destruction of coastal zones depletion of fresh-water and marine fisheries loss of wetlands and riparian zones and hazardous waste management. Response options to mitigate these threats or to adapt to changing environs are needed to ensure a sustainable biosphere for all forms of life. To that end Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change provides a forum to encourage the conceptualization critical examination and debate on environmental change response options. Moreover the aim of this journal is to provide a forum to review analyze and stimulate the development testing and implementation of mitigation and adaptation strategies at regional national and global scales. One of the primary goals of the journal is to contribute to real-time policy development as environmental treaties and agreements are discussed and promulgated. Examples of mitigation and adaptation strategies policies and technical topics considered by this journal include emerging environmental technologies restoration and reclamation ecology non- renewable energy conservation renewable and alternative energy supply and use sustainable development of the biosphere bioengineering applications environmental and ecological economics renewable resource management integrated systems planning and development international environmental treaties and agreements environmental services valuation and equity alternative human infrastructure and transportation systems. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change is necessarily transdisciplinary in scope and welcomes full papers short communications book reviews and occasionally reviews of complex novel or emerging mitigation and adaptation strategies. All papers are subject to thorough peer-review. Prompt publication is a priority consistent with a high standard of quality and presentation.

Current impact factor: 2.02

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.019
2012 Impact Factor 1.856
2011 Impact Factor 1.234

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 5.90
Immediacy index 0.08
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change website
Other titles Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change (Online)
ISSN 1381-2386
OCLC 41974043
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To propose specific adaptation strategies in the agricultural sector based on vulnerability to climate variability and climate change at the local level, we built a vulnerability index using an indicator tool at a fine spatial scale. This index was applied as a case study in the municipality of Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico, at the basic census area (BCA) level. We used a total of 37 variables organized into three groups with equal weighting: exposure (13), sensitivity (13), and adaptive capacity (11). From the 20 rural BCAs located in the study area, eight were categorized as having very low vulnerability; five had low vulnerability; two had medium vulnerability because of the lack of basic services (sewers, water, and electricity) and a high rural population density; three had high vulnerability due to a high frequency of days with temperatures below 5 °C and the lack of basic services; and two had very high vulnerability, characterized by a high percentage of production units (PUs) with losses due to climate factors, a high rural population density, and a high frequency of days with temperatures below 5 °C. Approximately 50 % of the municipal rural population lives in BCAs vulnerable to climate change. This methodology allowed us to identify the most susceptible agricultural areas at the local level and the variables that require more attention so that we can propose adaptation strategies and minimize vulnerability due to climate change.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11027-015-9670-z
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    ABSTRACT: Super block and giant road networks have been a dominant form of China’s new town development. This may lead to numerous urban problems, such as high automobile dependency, heavy traffic congestion, and unwalkable communities. In recent years, the transformation of superblocks to a new urban form with human-scale blocks and fine-grain grid road networks in certain cities in China has drawn much attention. Despite its recent positive attention, the following important questions have been raised: How will the transformation impact road network capacity? How will the changes contribute to transportation carbon emission (CE) reduction or increase? How will cities deal with rearranging the cost structure among the different stakeholders in road construction, maintenance, and management? Related factors and approaches for a solution to such issues are discussed in this study, followed by further analysis using a case study of the core area of Chenggong, a new town in Kunming, China. The study shows that concern about a negative impact on road network capacity is unfounded. Estimation using empirical data from other cities shows that a significant CE reduction is likely to be achieved; and through reasonable cost restructuring and management, a win-win situation is possible for all road construction, maintenance, and management stakeholders. Thus, an optimized societal cost-benefit arrangement can be reached through the transformation.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5). DOI:10.1007/s11027-014-9614-z
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    ABSTRACT: Owing to fast-growing vehicle sales, China began in 2001 to develop vehicle energy conservation policies to help solve oil security and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions problems, and it has established a vehicle fuel consumption regulation system to contain vehicle fuel consumption growth. This regulation system includes technical standards, management rules, and fiscal policies. The system covers passenger cars, light-duty commercial vehicles, and heavy-duty commercial vehicles. This paper presents fuel consumption test methods, fuel consumption limits, and fuel consumption labeling standards for these vehicle categories. It also discusses the enforcement of these standards and their associated impacts on oil savings and CO2 emission reductions, identifies problems with the policy implementation from both technical and administrative perspectives, and proposes recommendations to improve the current vehicle fuel consumption regulation system. In particular, we recommend that the central government improve the jurisdictional authority for vehicle energy conservation by clearly clarifying the responsibilities of different ministries, develop a long-term vision and middle-term targets to guide the policy and technology development, and strengthen the policy enforcement monitoring and evaluation.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5):735-753. DOI:10.1007/s11027-015-9636-1
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    ABSTRACT: The development of new energy vehicles (NEVs) in China is important to address energy and environmental issues. Conducting product and technology assessments of NEVs will help accelerate improved performance and enhance demonstration policies and programs. Relying on the project of Ten Cities & One Thousand Units in 2009, this evaluation mainly focused on hybrid electric buses (HEBs). A comprehensive research framework was adopted, including on-road driving tests, daily operation data collection, and a questionnaire survey. The technology evaluation focused on operating performance, including vehicle reliability, energy consumption and its affecting factors, and emissions. We selected and assessed 44 HEBs in eight demonstration cities—Kunming, Hangzhou, Shanghai, Dalian, Ji’nan, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, and Zhuzhou, China. The evaluation covered 17 HEB models (including 11 propulsion systems) from 16 bus manufacturers. As with technological progress, in general, HEB technology has become increasingly mature, with a number of good HEB models emerging. The fuel efficiency of some domestically manufactured HEB models is close to the international advanced level. This evaluation provides a basis for decision-making and evidence of the need to modify Chinese HEB demonstration policy. Recommendations include the promotion of the technical application of idling start-stop and brake energy recovery, the expansion of demonstrations nationwide, and continuous financial support for HEBs.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5). DOI:10.1007/s11027-014-9616-x
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    ABSTRACT: Fueled by unprecedented economic growth, Beijing, China, has been undergoing rapid urbanization and motorization over the last 30 years. Like other big cities, Beijing has struggled with traffic congestion problems for a long time. The first part of this paper introduces urban development patterns of Beijing. It then carefully reviews Beijing’s historical and recent congestion mitigation measures, highlighting the unique characteristics of each of the city’s development stage. However, as historic records show, mere infrastructure expansion does not ease congestion. Scientific and comprehensive travel demand management (TDM) measures are required. Although many achievements have been made in the course of implementing comprehensive measures, several problems have affected the whole development situation of urban public transportation in Beijing, such as uncoordinated transportation and urban development, low-quality public transportation services, weak TDM measures, and shrinking green travel. Finally, recently issued guidance policies are introduced for future transportation management in fields like public transportation development, private vehicle control, and non-motorized transportation promotion. This paper concludes with Beijing’s experience in developing transportation systems and offers advice to draft the city’s future development strategy, which also inspires other mega cities that are undergoing rapid urbanization as well.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5). DOI:10.1007/s11027-014-9617-9
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    ABSTRACT: China is undergoing rapid urbanization, along with economic growth and transport automation. Because it is densely populated, China is constrained by natural resource limitations and potential impacts of global climate change. Significant challenges for sustainable urban development include urban sprawl, traffic congestion, air pollution, city layouts not oriented to twenty-first century lifestyles, declining traditional urban culture, selective over-development, and social inequities. Increasing awareness of these pressing problems has led national and provisional governments and cities to seek sustainable urban development solutions. Central ministries and non-government organizations have implemented pilot projects demonstrating best practices in the Chinese context. These are being scaled up to develop local and national guidelines and policies. This paper describes China’s urbanization issues and national and local efforts toward the realization of sustainable urbanization. It is hoped that China’s urbanization trends and challenges will stimulate sustainable and low-carbon concepts and approaches that can enrich sustainable urbanization theory and practices in and beyond China.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5). DOI:10.1007/s11027-015-9644-1
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    ABSTRACT: Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) have been commercially available in the global market for about 3 years. Many countries have policies designed to stimulate consumer acceptance and accelerate market adoption. In the United States (U.S.), the biggest PEV market, sales have more than tripled since 2011. During the same period, PEV sales have increased, albeit slowly, in most western European countries. Notably, some European countries, such as Norway, showed strong increases mainly owing to generous incentives to PEV consumers. Japan is the second-largest PEV market in terms of number of vehicles sold. The Nissan battery electric vehicle (BEV) Leaf is the top-selling PEV model, with more than 100,000 units sold globally since its launch in 2010. In contrast, after 3 years of policy stimulation, PEV market share in China is still lower than 0.1 % of total car sales, and most of these vehicles were purchased by either central or local governments. However, PEV bus production in China has increased dramatically over last 3 years. These market trends, together with strong government policies, show that national and regional PEV-related incentives in selected countries can play an important role in jump-starting the PEV market.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5):777-795. DOI:10.1007/s11027-014-9611-2
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    ABSTRACT: Heavy-duty vehicles contribute a significant and increasing portion of global greenhouse gas emissions. The objective of this study is to provide an overview of heavy-duty vehicle efficiency policies in major markets to better inform the global evolution of climate mitigation measures. The paper compiles information from those four nations that have adopted some form of heavy-duty vehicle fuel economy standards—China Japan, United States of America (USA), and Canada—plus the European Union. Despite widespread differences, the study finds that each jurisdiction used simulation modeling to some extent to minimize the cost of chassis-based compliance testing. Further, the study identified several common elements under development for the next round of policies, including (1) how to incorporate trailer manufacturers into existing regulatory structures, (2) how to add new test procedures to fully account for potential benefits from hybrids and advanced transmissions, and (3) how to address the tension between separate test procedures for fuel economy and conventional pollutants. The paper concludes with a discussion of opportunities and challenges for aligning national policies in the future.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5). DOI:10.1007/s11027-015-9632-5
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past 30 years, the Chinese economy has experienced unprecedented growth. China is now the second largest world economy, after the US. The growth in the Chinese transport sector has even outpaced that of the economy as a whole: the total number of Chinese motor vehicles has increased from 1.8 million in 1980 to 126.7 million in 2013, and vehicle ownership has grown from 1.8 per 1000 people in 1980 to 93 in 2013 (National Bureau of Statistics of China 2014). China has become the world’s largest car market, with annual sales in 2014 at over 18 million passenger vehicles (Chinese Association of Automobile Manufacturers 2015). Together with the fast expansion of air transport and high-speed rail, motor vehicle growth has helped boost personal mobility in China, creating great accessibility to economic and social benefits for people from the entire population spectrum. Also, the auto sector has become a key pillar of the Chinese economy.But these economic and social benefits have co ...
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5):623-626. DOI:10.1007/s11027-015-9647-y
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    ABSTRACT: A survey of Beijing China private passenger car driving behavior was conducted based on global positioning system (GPS) data loggers. The survey focused on the distribution of daily driving distance, number of trips, and parking time. Second-by-second data on vehicle location and speed for 112 private cars were collected. The data covered 2,003 travel days, from June 2012 to March 2013, and nearly 10,000 km for a total of 4,892 trips. The trips covered six major urban and suburban areas in Beijing. The survey results showed average daily driving distances of 31.4, 39.1, and 48 km, and average single trip distances of 13.1, 15.1, and 17.2 km, respectively, on workdays, weekends, andholidays in Beijing urban areas. Average daytime parking times were 5.78, 3.39, and 3.12 h, and average numbers of daily trips were 2.3, 2.6, and 2.8; about 60 % of the vehicles parked last at home, starting from 17:30 to 22:30. These results were used to evaluate electric vehicle (EV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) deployment. A vehicle with a 60-km all-electric range (AER) could meet 70 % of daily driving demands. However, EVs with double the AER, such as the Nissan Leaf and Honda Fit, could only increase daily travel by EVs by 20 %. Based on Beijing’s daily driving distance distribution, the estimated average fuel consumptions for the PHEV10 (Toyota Prius) and PHEV40 (Chevrolet Volt) are 2.92 and 1.08 L per 100 km (L/100 km), respectively. These estimates are 20 and 58 % lower, respectively, compared with fuel consumption for the same vehicles used in the USA.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5):817-835. DOI:10.1007/s11027-014-9609-9
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    ABSTRACT: Transportation constitutes one of the largest sources of air pollution emissions in China. A series of measures have been taken to control vehicle emissions. In this study, we simulate the effects of the major vehicle control policies implemented in China and those to be implemented in the future by performing scenario analyses. As a result of the three stages of vehicle emission standards (states I, II, and III), the average emission factors (g/km) of light-duty gasoline vehicles in China for carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter measuring less than 2.5 μm in diameter were reduced by 78, 88, 90, and 85 %, respectively, between 2000 and 2012. Those of heavy-duty diesel vehicles were reduced by 66, 65, 30, and 67 %. If no emission standards had been implemented in that period, the levels of vehicle emissions in China would have been increased by two to six times the levels measured in 2000, as of 2012; the standards therefore helped to reduce emissions by 50–83 % between 2000 and 2012 compared to the uncontrolled scenario. In Beijing and Shanghai, where the standards were implemented earlier than in the rest of the country, the standards achieved greater reductions. In the future, if no new measures are taken, vehicle emissions (except CO) will continue to increase until 2020. Implementing the more stringent standards of states IV and V is very important to lowering future vehicle emissions, and the earlier the standards are in place, the greater the benefits they will provide. Phasing out old vehicles could accelerate emission reductions.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 06/2015; 20(5):719-733. DOI:10.1007/s11027-014-9613-0
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    ABSTRACT: The task of mitigating climate change is usually allocated through administrative regions in China. In order to put pressure on regions that perform poorly in mitigating climate changes and highlight regions with best-practice climate policies, this study explored a method to assess regional efforts on climate change mitigation at the sub-national level. A climate change mitigation index (CCMI) was developed with 15 objective indicators, which were divided into four categories, namely, emissions, efficiency, non-fossil energy, and climate policy. The indicators’ current level and recent development were measured for the first three categories. The index was applied to assess China’s provincial performance in climate protection based on the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method. Empirical results show that the middle Yangtze River area and southern coastal area perform better than other areas in mitigating climate change. The average performance of the northwest area in China is the worst. In addition, climate change mitigation performance has a negative linear correlation with energy self-sufficiency ratio but does not have a significant linear correlation with social development level. Therefore, regional resource endowments had better be paid much more attention in terms of mitigating climate change because regions with good resource endowments in China tend to perform poorly.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11027-015-9660-1
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents the outcome of a feasibility study on underground coal gasification (UCG) combined with direct carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) at a selected site in Bulgaria with deep coal seams (>1,200 m). A series of state-of-the-art geological, geo-mechanical, hydrogeological and computational models supported by experimental tests and techno-economical assessments have been developed for the evaluation of UCG-CCS schemes. Research efforts have been focused on the development of site selection requirements for UCG-CCS, estimation of CO2 storage volumes, review of the practical engineering requirements for developing a commercial UCG-CCS storage site, consideration of drilling and completion issues, and assessments of economic feasibility and environmental impacts of the scheme. In addition, the risks of subsidence and groundwater contamination have been assessed in order to pave the way for a full-scale trial and commercial applications. The current research confirms that cleaner and cheaper energy with reduced emissions can be achieved and the economics are competitive in the future European energy market. However the current research has established that rigorous design and monitor schemes are essential for productivity and safety and the minimisation of the potential environmental impacts. A platform has been established serving to inform policy-makers and aiding strategies devised to alleviate local and global impacts on climate change, while ensuring that energy resources are optimally harnessed.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11027-014-9592-1
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    ABSTRACT: In November 2014, the United States of America (USA) and the People’s Republic of China (China) governments announced their carbon emission reduction targets by 2030. The objective of this paper is to quantitatively project the two countries’ carbon emission reductions that will likely contribute to or facilitate the global climate change mitigation commitment and strategies in Paris in 2015. A top-down approach is used to analyze the relationship between China economic development and energy demand and to identify potentials of energy savings and carbon emission reduction in China. A simple time series approach is used to project carbon emission reduction in the USA. The predictions drawn from the analysis of this paper indicate that both China and the USA should use energy efficiency as first tool to achieve their carbon emission reduction goals.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11027-015-9657-9
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    ABSTRACT: Vulnerability to the health impacts of climate change will be shaped by the existing burden of ill- health and is expected to be highest in poor and socio-economically marginalized populations. Sub-Saharan Africa, in particular, is considered a highly vulnerable region. This paper analyses the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of rural Bakiga communities in southwestern Uganda to climate-sensitive health risks. The objectives were threefold: i) identify key climate-sensitive, community-identified health priorities; ii) describe and characterize determinants of sensitivity to these health priorities at the individual, community and regional levels; and iii) assess the adaptive capacity of Bakiga. Data collection employed a combination of individual and key informant interviews, biographies, future storylines, and Photovoice. Three key health risks were identified by the study communities (malaria, food insecurity, and gastrointestinal illnesses) – all affected by local climatic and environmental conditions, livelihoods, land use changes, and socio-economic conditions. Adaptation within these communities is dependent on their capacity to reduce sensitivities to identified health challenges among the potential of increasing exposures. Crop diversification, reducing deforestation, expanding of livestock rearing, transfer of traditional knowledge, and access to affordable health services are among potential strategies identified. We demonstrate significant existing vulnerabilities to present day climate-related health risks and highlight the importance of non-climatic processes and local conditions in creating sensitivity to health risks. Our place-based understanding is useful to inform interventions or policies aimed to reduce exposure and sensitivity and support adaptive capacity as the conditions these communities face are consistent with many other sub-Saharan African countries.
    Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11027-015-9635-2