Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology (J IND MICROBIOL BIOT )

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Description

The Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology covers all aspects of the industrial applications of biotechnology, fermentation, environmental microbiology, biodegradation, biodeterioration, molecular taxonomy, treatment of waste streams, effects of micro-organisms on the environment, and of the environment on micro-organisms, microbial diversity and certain aspects of quality control and other aspects of applied microbiology of interest to scientists in industry, government and academe.

  • Impact factor
    2.32
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    2.73
  • Cited half-life
    7.20
  • Immediacy index
    0.28
  • Eigenfactor
    0.01
  • Article influence
    0.70
  • Website
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology website
  • Other titles
    Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology (Online), Journal of industrial microbiology and biotechnology
  • ISSN
    1367-5435
  • OCLC
    39928819
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors own final version only can be archived
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's website or institutional repository
    • On funders designated website/repository after 12 months at the funders request or as a result of legal obligation
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thermomyces lanuginosus is a thermophilic fungus known for its ability to produce industrially important enzymes including large amounts of xylanase, the key enzyme in hemicellulose hydrolysis. The secretome of T. lanuginosus SSBP was profiled by shotgun proteomics to elucidate important enzymes involved in hemicellulose saccharification and to characterise the presence of other industrially interesting enzymes. This study reproducibly identified a total of 74 proteins in the supernatant following growth on corn cobs. An analysis of proteins revealed nine glycoside hydrolase (GH) enzymes including xylanase GH11, β-xylosidase GH43, β-glucosidase GH3, α-galactosidase GH36 and trehalose hydrolase GH65. Two commercially produced Thermomyces enzymes, lipase and amylase, were also identified. In addition, other industrially relevant enzymes not currently explored in Thermomyces were identified including glutaminase, fructose-bisphosphate aldolase and cyanate hydratase. Overall, these data provide insight into the novel ability of a cellulase-free fungus to utilise lignocellulosic material, ultimately producing a number of enzymes important to various industrial processes.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Cephalosporin C (CPC) acylase is important for the one-step production of 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7-ACA), a key intermediate for cephalosporin antibiotics. However, its application is hampered by the low activity, substrate inhibition, and product inhibition. In this study, two rounds of combinatorial active-site saturation testing (CASTing) were carried out on the CPC acylase acyII from Pseudomonas SE83, and one mutant H57βA/H70βY with no substrate inhibition was obtained. For further engineering to reduce the product inhibition, a quick pH indicator assay was developed, allowing for real-time monitoring of the product inhibition in the presence of added 7-ACA. The utility of the assay was demonstrated by screening six libraries of site-directed saturation mutagenesis libraries of H57βA/H70βY. A new mutant H57βA/H70βY/I176βN was obtained, which showed a k cat 3.26-fold and a K IP 3.08-fold that of the wild type, respectively. Given the commercial value of the enzyme, both this pH indicator assay and the triple mutant should be useful for further engineering of the enzyme to increase the specific activity and to decrease the product inhibition.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Clostridium acetobutylicum is an important organism for biobutanol production. Due to frequent exposure to bacteriophages during fermentation, industrial C. acetobutylicum strains require a strong immune response against foreign genetic invaders. In the present study, a novel CRISPR system was reported in a C. acetobutylicum GXAS18-1 strain by whole genome sequencing, and several specific characteristics of the CRISPR system were revealed as follows: (1) multiple CRISPR loci were confirmed within the whole bacterial genome, while only one cluster of CRISPR-associated genes (Cas) was found in the current strain; (2) similar leader sequences at the 5' end of the multiple CRISPR loci were identified as promoter elements by promoter prediction, suggesting that these CRISPR loci were under the control of the same transcriptional factor; (3) homology analysis indicated that the present Cas genes shared only low sequence similarity with the published Cas families; and (4) concerning gene similarity and gene cluster order, these Cas genes belonged to the csm family and originated from the euryarchaeota by horizontal gene transfer.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Secretory expression of valuable enzymes by Bacillus subtilis and its related species has attracted intensive work over the past three decades. Although many proteins have been expressed and secreted, the titers of some recombinant enzymes are still low to meet the needs of practical applications. Signal peptides that located at the N-terminal of nascent peptide chains play crucial roles in the secretion process. In this mini-review, we summarize recent progress in secretory expression of recombinant proteins in Bacillus species. In particular, we highlighted and discussed the advances in molecular engineering of secretory machinery components, construction of signal sequence libraries and identification of functional signal peptides with high-throughput screening strategy. The prospects of future research are also proposed.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Trichoderma reesei is the preferred organism for producing industrial cellulases. However, cellulases derived from T. reesei have their highest activity at acidic pH. When the pH value increased above 7, the enzyme activities almost disappeared, thereby limiting the application of fungal cellulases under neutral or alkaline conditions. A lot of heterologous alkaline cellulases have been successfully expressed in T. reesei to improve its cellulolytic profile. To our knowledge, there are few reports describing the co-expression of two or more heterologous cellulases in T. reesei. We designed and constructed a promoter collection for gene expression and co-expression in T. reesei. Taking alkaline cellulase as a reporter gene, we assessed our promoters with strengths ranging from 4 to 106 % as compared to the pWEF31 expression vector (Lv D, Wang W, Wei D (2012) Construction of two vectors for gene expression in Trichoderma reesei. Plasmid 67(1):67-71). The promoter collection was used in a proof-of-principle approach to achieve the co-expression of an alkaline endoglucanase and an alkaline cellobiohydrolase. We observed higher activities of both cellulose degradation and biostoning by the co-expression of an endoglucanase and a cellobiohydrolase than the activities obtained by the expression of only endoglucanase or cellobiohydrolase. This study makes the process of engineering expression of multiple genes easier in T. reesei.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Genistin and daidzein exhibit a protective effect on DNA damage and inhibit cell proliferation. Glycosylation and malonylation of the compounds increase water solubility and stability. Constructed pET15b-GmIF7GT and pET28a-GmIF7MAT were used for the transformation of Escherichia coli and bioconversion of genistein and daidzein. To increase the availability of malonyl-CoA, a critical precursor of GmIF7MAT, genes for the acyl-CoA carboxylase α and β subunits (nfa9890 and nfa9940), biotin ligase (nfa9950), and acetyl-CoA synthetase (nfa3550) from Nocardia farcinia were also introduced. Thus, the isoflavonoids were glycosylated at position 7 by 7-O-glycosyltranferase and were further malonylated at position 6(″) of glucose by malonyl-CoA: isoflavone 7-O-glucoside-6(″)-O-malonyltransferase both from Glycine max. Engineered E. coli produced 175.7 µM (75.90 mg/L) of genistin and 14.2 µM (7.37 mg/L) genistin 6″-O-malonate. Similar conditions produced 162.2 µM (67.65 mg/L) daidzin and 12.4 µM (6.23 mg/L) daidzin 6″-O-malonate when 200 µM of each substrate was supplemented in the culture. Based on our findings, we speculate that isoflavonoids and their glycosides may prove useful as anticancer drugs with added advantage of increased solubility, stability and bioavailability.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A novel aldo-keto reductase (LEK) from Lodderomyces elongisporus NRRL YB-4239 (ATCC 11503) was discovered by genome database mining for carbonyl reduction. LEK was overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3), purified to homogeneity and the catalytic properties were studied. Among the substrates, ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate was converted to ethyl (R)-4-chloro-3- hydroxybutanoate ((R)-CHBE), an important pharmaceutical intermediate, with an excellent enantiomeric excess (e.e.) (>99 %). The mutants W28A and S209G obtained by site-directed mutation were identified with much higher molar conversion yields and lower Km values. Further, the constructed coenzyme regeneration system with glucose as co-substrate resulted in a yield of 100 %, an enantioselectivity of >99 %, and the calculated production rate of 56.51 mmol/L/H. These results indicated the potential of LEK for the industrial production of (R)-CHBE and other valuable chiral alcohols.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was aimed at investigating bactericidal properties of polylactide (PLA) films containing three different polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride (PHMG) derivatives and effect of the derivatives on extracellular hydrolytic enzymes and intracellular dehydrogenases. All PHMG derivatives had a slightly stronger bactericidal effect on Staphylococcus aureus than on E. coli but only PHMG granular polyethylene wax (at the concentration of at least 0.6 %) has a bactericidal effect. PHMG derivatives introduced into PLA affected the activity of microbial hydrolases to a small extent. This means that the introduction of PHMG derivatives into PLA will not reduce its enzymatic biodegradation significantly. On the other hand, PHMG derivatives introduced into PLA strongly affected dehydrogenases activity in S. aureus than in E. coli.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Fungi rarely cause disease outbreaks associated with use of microbe-contaminated drugs. These rare episodes typically involve a restricted spectrum of common environmental species with relatively low virulence, rather than classical pathogens. Review of data involving over-the-counter contact lens solutions and prescription drug-related recalls revealed six episodes during the past decade with significant adverse health and financial impact (including loss of vision and death). Contaminations involved fungi mostly identified with the genera Aspergillus, Exserohilum, Fusarium, Paecilomyces, and Rhizopus. These organisms are noted for their capacity to produce resistant morphotypes (chlamydoconidia, ascospores) under various adverse conditions, generally with temperature survival/tolerances markedly in excess of maximal growth temperatures. High constituent levels of melanin, trehalose and heat-shock proteins facilitate differential survival of morphotypes following exposures to toxic chemicals and temperatures above 80 °C. Adverse environmental factors that induce resistant morphotypes are suggested to occur more readily in situ than during in vitro testing. Rare unexplained, sporadic drug contamination episodes with select thermotolerant fungi may relate, in part, to resistant dormant stages.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Human-like collagen (HLC) is a novel biomedical material with promising applications. Usually, insoluble HLC was formed due to over-expression. In order to improve the production of soluble HLC, the effective chaperone proteins and their mediation roles on HLC were clarified. Trigger factor (TF) pathway with low specificity and high binding affinity to nascent chains could increase soluble HLC expression; GroEL-GroES could increase the expression level of HLC by assisting the correct folding of HLC and increase mRNA level of the gene coding for HLC by enhancing mRNA stability. DnaK chaperone system did not work positively on soluble HLC due to the unbalanced ratio of DnaK:DnaJ:GrpE, especially too high GrpE significantly inhibited DnaK-mediated refolding. The production of soluble HLC with co-expression of exogenous TF and GroEL-GroES was increased by 35.3 % in comparison with the highest value 0.26 g/L reported previously.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: LqhIT2 is an insect-specific neurotoxin from the venom of scorpion. In this study, the LqhIT2 gene was introduced into the entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium acridum. The virulence of the genetically modified strain MaLqhIT2 was then evaluated against locusts (Locusta migratoria manilensis). Compared with the wild-type strain, the median lethal cell density (LC50) for MaLqhIT2 was a 22.6-fold lower, and the median times to death (LT50) for MaLqhIT2 were reduced by 30.3 and 29.6 %, respectively, after topical inoculation and injection. MaLqhIT2 also grew significantly faster in the hemolymph than wild-type strain. There were no significant differences in germination, appressorium formation and sporulation in locust carcasses between the MaLqhIT2 and wild-type strain. These results indicate that LqhIT2 increased the virulence of M. acridum towards locusts by shortening the in vivo infection period, without affecting cuticle penetration or conidia formation in the carcasses. LqhIT2 thus shows considerable potential for increasing fungal virulence against locusts.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The by-products of bioethanol production such as thin stillage (TS) and condensed distillers solubles (CDS) were used as a potential nitrogen source for economical production of lactic acid. The effect of those by-products and their concentrations on lactic acid fermentation were investigated using Lactobacillus paracasei CHB2121. Approximately, 6.7 g/L of yeast extract at a carbon source to nitrogen source ratio of 15 was required to produce 90 g/L of lactic acid in the medium containing 100 g/L of glucose. Batch fermentation of TS medium resulted in 90 g/L of lactic acid after 48 h, and the medium containing 10 % CDS resulted in 95 g/L of lactic acid after 44 h. Therefore, TS and CDS could be considered as potential alternative fermentation medium for the economical production of lactic acid. Furthermore, lactic acid fermentation was performed using only cassava and CDS for commercial production of lactic acid. The volumetric productivity of lactic acid [2.94 g/(L·h)] was 37 % higher than the productivity obtained from the medium with glucose and CDS.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: There has been a significant global interest to produce bulk chemicals from renewable resources using engineered microorganisms. Large research programs have been launched by academia and industry towards this goal. Particularly, C4 chemicals such as succinic acid (SA) and 1,4-butanediol have been leading the path towards the commercialization of biobased technology with the effort of replacing chemical production. Here we present O-Succinyl-L-homoserine (SH) as a new, potentially important platform biochemical and demonstrate its central role as an intermediate in the production of SA, homoserine lactone (HSL), γ-butyrolactone (GBL) and its derivatives, and 1,4-butanediol (BDO). This technology encompasses (1) the genetic manipulation of Escherichia coli to produce SH with high productivity, (2) hydrolysis into SA and homoserine (HS) or homoserine lactone hydrochloride, and (3) chemical conversion of either HS or homoserine lactone HCL (HSL·HCl) into drop-in chemicals in polymer industry. This production strategy with environmental benefits is discussed in the perspective of targeting of fermented product and a process direction compared to petroleum-based chemical conversion, which may reduce the overall manufacturing cost.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Dihydroxylation of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is an essential step in the synthesis of many important pharmaceutical intermediates. However, the solution to the problem of low biohydroxylation conversion in the biotransformation of DHEA has yet to be found. The effects of natural oils on the course of dihydroxylation of DHEA to 3β,7α,15α-trihydroxy-5-androsten-17-one (7α,15α-diOH-DHEA) were studied. With rapeseed oil (2 %, v/v) addition, the bioconversion efficiency was improved, and the 7α,15α-diOH-DHEA yield was increased by 40.8 % compared with that of the control at DHEA concentration of 8.0 g/L. Meantime, the ratio of 7α,15α-diOH-DHEA to 7α-OH-DHEA was also increased by 4.5 times in the rapeseed oil-containing system. To explain the mechanism underlying the increase of 7α,15α-diOH-DHEA yield, the effects of rapeseed oil on the pH of the bioconversion system, the cell growth and integrity of Gibberella intermedia CA3-1, as well as the membrane composition were systematically studied. The addition of rapeseed oil enhanced the substrate dispersion and maintained the pH of the system during bioconversion. Cells grew better with favorable integrity. The fatty acid profile of G. intermedia cells revealed that rapeseed oil changed the cell membrane composition and improved cell membrane permeability for lipophilic substrates.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A series of site-directed mutant glucose isomerase at tryptophan 139 from Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum strain B6A were purified to gel electrophoretic homogeneity, and the biochemical properties were determined. W139F mutation is the most efficient mutant derivative with a tenfold increase in its catalytic efficiency toward glucose compared with the native GI. With a maximal activity at 80 °C of 59.58 U/mg on glucose, this mutant derivative is the most active type ever reported. The enzyme activity was maximal at 90 °C and like other glucose isomerase, this mutant enzyme required Co(2+) or Mg(2+) for enzyme activity and thermal stability (stable for 20 h at 80 °C in the absence of substrate). Its optimum pH was around 7.0, and it had 86 % of its maximum activity at pH 6.0 incubated for 12 h at 60 °C. This enzyme was determined as thermostable and weak-acid stable. These findings indicated that the mutant GI W139F from T. saccharolyticum strain B6A is appropriate for use as a potential candidate for high-fructose corn syrup producing enzyme.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A novel alkaline β-1,3-1,4-glucanase (McLic1) from a thermophilic fungus, Malbranchea cinnamomea, was purified and biochemically characterized. McLic1 was purified to homogeneity with a purification fold of 3.1 and a recovery yield of 3.7 %. The purified enzyme was most active at pH 10.0 and 55 °C, and exhibited a wide range of pH stability (pH 4.0-10.0). McLic1 displayed strict substrate specificity for barley β-glucan, oat β-glucan and lichenan, but did not show activity towards other tested polysaccharides and synthetic p-nitrophenyl derivates, suggesting that it is a specific β-1,3-1,4-glucanase. The K m values for barley β-glucan, oat β-glucan and lichenan were determined to be 0.69, 1.11 and 0.63 mg mL(-1), respectively. Moreover, the enzyme was stable in various non ionic surfactants, oxidizing agents and several commercial detergents. Thus, the alkaline β-1,3-1,4-glucanase may have potential in industrial applications, such as detergent, paper and pulp industries.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The fungus Penicillium griseoroseum has the potential for application on an industrial scale as a host for the production of homologous and heterologous proteins, mainly because it does not produce some mycotoxins or secrete proteases under the growth conditions for pectinase production. However, for the fungus to be used effectively as an expression heterologous system, an understanding of the organization of its genome, as well as the mechanisms of gene expression and protein production, is required. In the present study, the size of the P. griseoroseum genome was estimated to be 29.8-31.5 Mb, distributed among four chromosomes. An analysis of plg1 and pgg2 pectinolytic genes expression and copy number in recombinant multi-copy strains of P. griseoroseum demonstrated that an increase in the number of gene copies could increase enzyme production, but the transcription could be affected by the gene integration position. Placing a copy of the plg1 gene under the control of the gpd promoter of Aspergillus nidulans yielded a 200-fold increase in transcription levels compared to the endogenous gene, and two copies of the pgg2 gene produced an 1100-fold increase compared with the endogenous gene. These results demonstrated that transcription, translation, and protein secretion in the fungus P. griseoroseum respond to an increased number of gene copies in the genome. The processing capacity and efficiency of protein secretion in P. griseoroseum are consistent with our premise that this fungus can be used for the industrial-scale production of several enzymes.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Fermentation of liquid hot water (LHW) pretreated Miscanthus giganteus (MG) by Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 was investigated towards understanding the toxicity of lignocellulose-derived inhibitors to solventogenic Clostridium species vis-à-vis butanol production. While C. beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 did not grow in undiluted MG hydrolysate-based fermentation medium, supplementation of this medium with Calcium carbonate enabled the growth of C. beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 and production of butanol. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and spectrophotometric assays, LHW-pretreated MG was found to contain lignocellulose-derived microbial inhibitory compounds; some of which were transformed by exponentially growing C. beijerinckii to less inhibitory compounds during fermentation. Contrary to all expectations, the reduction product of furfural, furfuryl alcohol, inhibited butanol production by C. beijerinckii by more than 16 %. Collectively, these results provide new insights into why lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysates are recalcitrant to fermentation to biofuels and chemicals.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: As one of the major microbes in the soy sauce fermentation, Candida versatilis enriches the flavor and improves the quality of soy sauce. In this study, a combination of five different GC-MS and LC-MS-based metabolome analytical approaches was used to analyze the intracellular, extracellular and whole metabolites of C. versatilis. Our results found out that a total of 132, 244 and 267 different metabolites were detectable from the intracellular, extracellular and whole part, respectively. When exposed to 0. 9 and 18 % salt, respectively, 114, 123 and 129 different intracellular metabolites, 184, 200 and 178 extracellular metabolites and 177, 188 and 186 whole metabolites were detected, respectively. Our data showed that salt enhances the metabolic capacity of C. versatilis, especially its amino acid and enhances the synthesis and secretion of some metabolites of C. versatilis, especially the aldehydes and phenols, such as vanillin, guaiacol and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural. Our data also showed that special attention has to be paid to the generation of biogenic amines when C. versatilis was treated with salt.
    Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2014;

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