Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine (Environ Health Prev Med )

Publisher: Nihon Eisei Gakkai, Springer Verlag

Description

Journal of the Japan Society for Hygiene

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  • Website
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine website
  • Other titles
    Environmental health and preventive medicine (Online), Environmental health and preventive medicine
  • ISSN
    1347-4715
  • OCLC
    47992699
  • Material type
    Document, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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    • Author can archive a pre-print version
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    • Author can archive a post-print version
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    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to determine whether the score of the sense of coherence 13-item version (SOC-13) scale in the second trimester of pregnancy is associated with threatened premature birth. All the subjects gave their informed written consent before their participation in the study. A self-reported questionnaire survey was conducted on the pregnant women at approximately 18 weeks of pregnancy. The questionnaire consisted of items on demographic characteristics, perinatal abnormalities, stress perception scale (SPS), and SOC-13 scale. Approximately 30 weeks of pregnancy after the first survey, we surveyed whether any treatment had been provided for threatened premature birth during the course of the current pregnancy. The study period was from December 2007 to February 2010. One hundred and seventy-seven pregnant women participated in the study, but only the data from 151 pregnant women were analyzed. Forty-three (28.5 %) pregnant women had threatened premature birth and received some treatment. Logistic regression analysis was carried out with threatened premature birth as the dependent variable and age, childbirth history, smoking habit, history of miscarriage or premature birth in previous pregnancies, SPS score, and SOC-13 scale score as the independent variables. It was shown that SOC-13 scale score affected threatened premature birth (p < 0.001) and that a low SOC-13 scale score was associated with threatened premature birth. This study suggests that the SOC-13 scale score in the second trimester of pregnancy could be of great value in clinical health care of pregnant women with a risk of threatened premature birth in the subsequent course of pregnancy.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: This study sought to construct a developmental and context-sensitive framework that could be used to identify, understand and respond to adolescent sexual behaviours. We reviewed work being conducted on adolescent sexual development, health and safety, interviewed UK-based professionals working on sexual health and child protection, and, having identified the Traffic Light Tool (TLT) designed by Family Planning Queensland and then developed by Brook in the UK, we conducted expert interviews. Finally, we reviewed in-house consultation, training and evaluation documentation provided by Brook. We identified the Traffic Light Safeguarding Project as offering a framework for thinking about and responding to youth sexuality. The concept of safeguarding allows us to go beyond the narrower mandate of child protection, and link up the activities of different stakeholders working around child and adolescent sexual health. We were able to confirm that the TLT was functioning as an effective safeguarding tool to: (1) identify and respond to adolescent sexual behaviours, and (2) support professionals to communicate confidently with adolescents about sexuality and risk taking. We confirmed the possibilities for developing a Japanese version of the tool. A safeguarding perspective can help us to move away from a narrowly risk-based approach to child and adolescent sexuality. Development and dissemination of a Japanese version of the TLT can help professionals distinguish between healthy (normal) and unhealthy (risky) sexual behaviours at each developmental stage and more confidently respond to these behaviours.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To investigate the short-term effects of low-level hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exposure on oil field workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational study included 34 patients who work at an oil field. All patients were males with age range of 22-60 years (mean 37 years). The data were collected by systematic questionnaire about symptoms. The inclusion criteria of patients were symptoms related to inhalation of H2S gas in the oil field. The complaints should be frequent and relapsed after each gas exposure and disappeared when there was no gas exposure. Exclusion criteria were the symptoms which experienced with or without H2S exposure. The presence of H2S gas was confirmed by valid gas detector devices. RESULTS: The most frequent presenting symptom was nasal bleeding. It was revealed in 18 patients (52.9 %). This followed by pharyngeal bleeding, gum bleeding, and bloody saliva (mouth bleeding) which were encountered in five cases for each complaint (14.7 %). Other less frequent presenting symptoms were tongue bleeding, bloody sputum, headache, abdominal colic, pharyngeal soreness, fatigue, and sleepiness. CONCLUSIONS: Nasal mucosa was the most vulnerable part to H2S effect. Inhalation of H2S produced upper respiratory tract epithelial damage that led to bleeding from nose, pharynx, gum, tongue, trachea, and bronchi. There were no complaints of asthmatic attack upon exposure to low level of H2S. Sunlight had a significant role in reduction of ambient air H2S level.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 01/2015; 20(1):12-17.
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    ABSTRACT: The hypolipidemic effects of di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) exposure in humans have not been investigated. And the influences of maternal prenatal DEHP exposure on birth outcomes are not well-known. We aimed to estimate prenatal DEHP exposure in maternal blood, and evaluate its relationships to maternal blood triglyceride (TG) and fatty acid (FA) levels and to birth outcomes. We studied 318 mother-newborn pairs residing in Sapporo, Japan. Blood was taken one time during pregnancy for each mother. Maternal and infant characteristics were obtained from medical records and questionnaire survey. We measured DEHP metabolite, mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), along with TG and 9 FAs using maternal blood, and analyzed associations of MEHP level with maternal blood TG/FA levels and infant birth dimensions. Maternal blood TG and palmitoleic/oleic acid levels were higher, but stearic/docosahexaenoic acids and MEHP were lower during late pregnancy. Maternal blood MEHP levels inversely correlated with TG and palmitic/palmitoleic/oleic/linoleic/α-linolenic acids. After adjustment for confounders, we found that a tenfold increase in blood MEHP levels correlated with a decrease in TG of 25.1 mg/dl [95 % confidence interval (CI) 4.8-45.3 mg/dl], and similar relations in palmitic (β = -581.8; 95 % CI -906.5, -257.0), oleic (β = -304.2; 95 % CI -518.0, -90.5), linoleic (β = -348.6; 95 % CI -510.6, -186.6), and α-linolenic (β = -6.3; 95 % CI -9.5, -3.0) acids. However, we observed no correlations between maternal blood MEHP levels and infant birth weight, length, chest circumference, or head circumference. Ambient DEHP exposure during pregnancy inversely correlated with maternal blood TG and 4 FA levels, but not birth outcomes.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Symptoms of three-dimensional (3D) sickness, such as intoxication and eye fatigue, have been observed in subjects viewing 3D films and vary according to the image quality and visual environment. In addition, the influence of stereoscopic vision on the incidence of 3D sickness has not been explored sufficiently. Therefore, it is important to examine the safety of viewing virtual 3D content. The present study examines the effects of peripheral vision on reported motion sickness during exposure to 2D/3D video clips for 1 min and for 1 min afterwards in human subjects. Stabilograms were recorded during exposure to video clips with or without visual pursuit of a 3D object and compared, and subjects were administered the simulator sickness questionnaire after stabilometry. There were no significant main effects of solidity of the visual stimulous (2D/3D) and the vision method (visual pursuit/peripheral viewing) in accordance with the two-way analysis of variance of the sway values, although the sway values during the 2D/3D video clips were higher than in control subjects. A consistent trend in the main effect of stability was observed. Further, the sway values changed remarkably after the 3D video clip was viewed peripherally and produced a persistent instability in equilibrium function. The questionnaire findings also significantly changed after the subjects viewed the video clips peripherally. Subjective exacerbation and deterioration of equilibrium function were observed after peripheral viewing of 3D video clips. This persistent influence may result when subjects view a poorly depicted background element peripherally, which generates depth perception that contradicts daily experience.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: There is no conclusive evidence of adverse health effects caused by short-term exposure to coarse particulate matter, so in this case-crossover study we looked for an association between exposure and emergency ambulance dispatches (as a proxy of acute health outcomes). We used data on emergency ambulance dispatches in Fukuoka City, Japan between 2005 and 2010. After excluding ambulance dispatches related to external injuries and pregnancy/childbirth, we analyzed data on 176,123 dispatches. Citywide daily mean concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) were calculated from ambient monitoring data, and the differences between concentrations of SPM and PM2.5 were used as an exposure surrogate of coarse particulate matter. Using a conditional logistic regression model, we estimated the ambient temperature and relative humidity adjusted odds ratios (ORs) per 10 μg/m(3) increase in coarse particulate matter. The average daily concentration of coarse particulate matter over the study period was 9.9 μg/m(3), representing 33 % of the total concentration of SPM. Elevated concentrations of coarse particulate matter were associated with an increase in respiratory disease-related emergency ambulance dispatches for adults aged 65 years or older (9,716 dispatches, OR for lag0-1 = 1.065, 95 % confidence interval = 1.023-1.109). After additional adjustment for exposure to PM2.5, we observed a statistically non-significant increased risk (OR = 1.035, 0.986-1.086). We found weak evidence of adverse effects of short-term exposure to coarse particulate matter on human health.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of serum lipids and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) with obesity in school children and to explore whether hs-CRP levels could be used to predict the presence or absence of obesity 12 months later. The subjects were school children (6-11 years old) in Japan. Blood sampling and physical measurements were performed in school (2001); low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides, and hs-CRP levels were measured. Data from children who could be followed 12 months later were analyzed. Subjects weighing 20 % or more over his/her standard weight were regarded as obese, and the association of obesity with serum parameters was analyzed. Data from 612 subjects were analyzed (follow-up rate, 75.4 %). The mean of each serum parameter was significantly higher (inverse for HDL-C; lower) in obese than that in non-obese children. Logistic regression analysis for obesity at baseline showed that the odds ratio (OR) of hs-CRP was the highest [OR, 2.15; 95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.65-2.78 for an interquartile rage (IQR) increase]; the association with triglycerides and LDL-C/HDL-C was significant. At the 12-month follow-up, the OR of high hs-CRP remained the highest of all serum parameters (2.09; 95 % CI, 1.63-2.69 for an IQR increase). High levels of triglycerides, LDL-C/HDL-C, and hs-CRP increased the risk of obesity in school children. Hs-CRP is considered to be a better predictor of obesity 12 months later than is LDL-C/HDL-C.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of KIDSCREEN-52 (J-KIDSCREEN-52), a generic questionnaire used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among children/adolescents and parents/proxies. We conducted a school-based study, in which 1564 children and adolescents aged 8-18 years and their 1326 parents participated from five schools. They were asked to complete two questionnaires (the J-KIDSCREEN-52 and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL)), and the Oslo 3-Item Social Support (OSS-3) scale. Internal consistency reliability was measured using the Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Test-retest reliability was assessed by the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) in the one-way random effects model in sub-samples taken approximately three to four weeks apart. Agreement between the ratings of the child and parent was evaluated using the ICC in the two-way mixed effects model among 681 pairs. For the overall sample, Cronbach's alpha values of 10 dimensions were ≥0.70, except for one dimension. Test-retest ICCs were ≥0.60 for nearly all dimensions. Correlation coefficients between the J-KIDSCREEN-52 and the PedsQL dimensions indicated a reasonable convergent validity. Parent ratings corresponded well with child ratings (ICC = 0.38-0.62). Statistically significant differences in mean T scores were dependent on gender for seven dimensions, age group for all dimensions, and health status for two dimensions. The J-KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaires child/adolescent and parent/proxy versions demonstrated acceptable levels of reliability and validity.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to examine the associations between obesity and percentage vital capacity (%VC), as well as lifestyle-related disorders, among Japanese participants of a voluntary health checkup. Subjects were 7,892 individuals who participated in a medical health checkup from January to December 2007. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to assess associations between low %VC (<80) and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), as well as lifestyle-related disorders. Medical histories of hypertension and dyslipidemia were more frequent in the low %VC group than in the normal %VC group in both sexes. In men, BMI was significantly associated with low %VC (25.0 ≤ C2 < 27.5, odds ratio (OR) = 2.10; 27.5 ≤ C3 < 30.0, OR = 2.23; C4 ≥ 30.0, OR = 3.46) relative to the first category (C1 < 25.0). A significant association was also observed between WC and low %VC (85 ≤ C2 < 90, OR = 1.40; 90 ≤ C3 < 95, OR = 1.55; 95 ≤ C4, OR = 2.51; relative to C1 < 85.0 cm). In women, BMI was significantly associated with low %VC in C3 and C4 (C3, OR = 2.05; C4, OR = 2.84), and WC was significantly associated with low %VC in C4 (C4, OR = 2.32). Our results suggest that obesity may be associated with restrictive pulmonary function and underscore the importance of maintaining ideal body weight for the prevention of restrictive pulmonary dysfunction.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate psychological distress in patients on chronic hemodialysis. A total of 72 patients on chronic hemodialysis were enrolled in this study. We evaluated psychological distress by using the K6 questionnaire, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) by using the EQ-5D questionnaire, and clinical parameters. Among the 72 patients, we also evaluated changes in K6 scores in 58 patients at 1-year follow-up. The mean K6 score was 3.7 ± 3.7 and 2 subjects (2.8 %) were defined as having psychological distress. K6 scores were significantly correlated with body fat percentage, albumin level, and EQ-5D scores in total subjects. K6 scores were also significantly and negatively correlated with EQ-5D scores in men and women. In the 1-year follow-up group, changes in K6 scores were weakly and negatively correlated with changes in EQ-5D scores. Psychological distress was closely associated with HRQOL in patients on chronic hemodialysis. Coping strategies for psychological distress might be useful in improving HRQOL in patients on hemodialysis.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to clarify the characteristics of elderly people living in non-air-conditioned homes. A questionnaire survey conducted in Misato city in July 2013 revealed that 96.1 % of elderly individuals lived in air-conditioned homes. Elderly individuals living without air conditioners tended to be men, and those who were unmarried, living alone, or living in an apartment. The results suggest that most elderly individuals without air conditioners lived in multi-unit apartments.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important vegetable crop that is widely cultivated in the tropical and subtropical areas in Asia. Globally, the top three eggplant producers are China, India, and Egypt. The Philippines has been one of the top 10 eggplant-producing countries based on area planted and crop productivity. This study aims to describe the insecticide residues found in soil, water, and eggplant fruits in eggplant farms in Sta. Maria, Pangasinan. The study design is a cross sectional of randomly selected eggplant farms in Sta. Maria, Pangasinan. Soil, water, and eggplant fruits were collected and subjected to gas chromatography (Shimadzu) analysis for multi-pesticide residues. Farmers from Sta. Maria, Pangasinan were found to be applying a broad spectrum of insecticides on their eggplant crop. Soil samples from 11 (about 42 %) out of the 26 farms tested positive for insecticide residues, six of which from four farms exceeded the acceptable maximum residue limit. These residues were profenofos, triazophos, chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, and malathion. No insecticide residues were detected from water samples taken from the 26 farms. Cypermethrin and chlorpyrifos were the insecticide residues detected in eggplant fruit samples. A maximum of 20 % of the eggplant samples tested positive for insecticide residues. In the eggplant fruit study, all farmers have been using Prevathon(®) for 24 years at a rate of 10 ml/application, and Malathion(®) for 25 years at about 16.5 ml/application, respectively equivalent to 0.24 liter-years and 0.413 liter-years of exposure. Similarly, to the findings in the soil and water study, although Brodan(®) and Magnum(®) were not prevalently applied, the farmers' liter-years of exposure to these insecticides, and their active ingredients, were highest at about 18.92 and 10.0, respectively. The farmers and farm workers in the soil and water study reported experiencing itchiness of the skin (63.8 %), redness of the eyes (29.3 %), muscle pains (27.6 %), and headaches (27.6 %), as being related to their pesticide exposure. In summary, a maximum of 20 % of the eggplant samples tested positive for insecticide residues at any one stage of sampling done. The farmers and farm workers also reported of pesticide-related illnesses but none of them sought any medical attention. Intervention to reduce the farmers' pesticide exposure can focus on the risk factors identified, primarily the toxicity of pesticides used, the unsafe application practices, and the adverse health effects of pesticide exposure.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Now, a lot of researchers have tried to make recycled rigid materials from the sludge cake produced in paper mill industries for the purpose of decreasing its volume. In this study, the researchers tried to make economically a disposable bin and to examine whether it is toxic or not to the outside environment.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The incidences of childhood allergies have been increasing in recent years in many parts of the world. The development of allergic disorders is attributed to a complex series of interactions between individuals' genetic backgrounds and their immune and psychoneurotic responses to environmental factors. Among the various possible environmental causes of childhood allergies, the early exposure of developing infants to air pollutants and the presence of persistent chemical pollutants such as pesticides have been suggested most frequently. Therefore, it is very important to obtain epidemiological evidence of direct associations between clearly defined adverse health effects and exposure to low levels of pollutants. However, there are no useful biomarkers for assessing such associations. Thus, we planned to establish reliable health-related biomarkers that could be used to investigate these relationships in children. The serum concentrations of several sub-types of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners were found to be significantly correlated with interleukin (IL)-8 mRNA expression among asthmatic children. In addition, IL-22 mRNA expression was found to be particularly useful for detecting the effects of environmental pollutants, especially PCB congeners, in a sub-population of vulnerable children who exhibited positive immunoglobulin E (IgE) responses to milk or egg. Furthermore, we detected significant differences in IL-22 mRNA expression between the IgE-negative non-asthmatic subjects and the asthmatic children who exhibited positive IgE reactions toward egg or milk. In conclusion, IL-8 and IL-22 mRNA expressions could be useful biomarkers for detecting sub-populations of children who are particularly vulnerable to the adverse health effects of environmental pollutants, especially PCBs.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Devastating disasters may increase suicide rates due to mental distress. Previous domestic studies have reported decreased suicide rates among men following disasters. Few reports are available regarding factors associated with disasters, making it difficult to discuss how these events affect suicide rates. This study aimed to observe changes in suicide rates in disaster-stricken and neighboring areas following the Great East Japan Earthquake, and examine associations between suicide rates and economic factors.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Biological monitoring of organophosphorus insecticide (OP) metabolites, specifically dialkylphosphates (DAP) in urine, plays a key role in low-level exposure assessment of OP in individuals. The aims of this study are to develop a simple and sensitive method for determining four urinary DAPs using high-performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and to assess the concentration range of urinary DAP in Japanese children.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the specificity and structures of job-related stress in psychiatric dementia nurses (PDNs) caring for elderly patients with serious behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia who required substantial assistance with activities of daily living, in order to obtain fundamental knowledge toward providing mental health care for these nurses.
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 10/2014;