Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis (J Atherosclerosis Thromb)

Publisher: Nihon Dōmyaku Kōka Gakkai

Journal description

Current impact factor: 2.77

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.77
2012 Impact Factor 2.933
2011 Impact Factor 2.692
2010 Impact Factor 2.293
2009 Impact Factor 3.048
2008 Impact Factor 2.625
2007 Impact Factor 2.835

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.99
Cited half-life 3.60
Immediacy index 0.41
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.77
Website Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis website
Other titles Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis (Online)
ISSN 1340-3478
OCLC 53835682
Material type Document, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 03/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.ED007
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Our previous "J-BENEFIT (Japan BEzafibrate cliNical EFfectIveness and Tolerability)" study demonstrated that bezafibrate improves blood lipid profiles and glucose control in dyslipidemic patients with diabetes. However, bezafibrate did not significantly improve low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), although some patients showed decreases while others showed increases in the LDL-C levels. Therefore, a subgroup analysis of the J-BENEFIT study was conducted to identify factors influencing the bezafibrate-induced changes in the LDL-C levels.Methods: Of the 3,316 patients in the J-BENEFIT study, 2,116 not treated with other lipid-lowering drugs were enrolled in the current study, and the effects of 24-week treatment with bezafibrate on the LDL-C levels were analyzed. A reduction in the LDL-C level of ≥ 25% occurred in 253 patients, and a logistic-regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with this improvement.Results: Among the 2,116 overall patients, bezafibrate treatment significantly increased the LDL-C levels from 123.9±36.7 to 125.7±31.3 mg/dL. The subanalysis showed that the treatment responses varied according to the baseline LDL-C level, with significant decreases in the ≥ 160 and ≥ 140-<160 mg/dL groups, no significant decrease in the ≥ 120-<140 mg/dL group and a significant increase in the <120 mg/dL group. A multivariate logistic-regression analysis of the data for the patients with an LDL-C of ≥ 25% identified a female sex, the use of anti-hypertensive and hypoglycemic agents and a high baseline LDL-C level to be significant determinants of the LDL-C response to bezafibrate.Conclusions: Our results showed that treatment with bezafibrate improves the LDL-C levels and lipid profiles in dyslipidemic diabetic patients, especially women, subjects co-treated with anti-hypertensive or hypoglycemic agents and those with high baseline LDL-C levels.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 03/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.27425
  • Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 03/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.ED008
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ) produces reactive oxygen species (ROS), thus contributing to the development of cardiac hypertrophy and subsequent heart failure, and stimulates the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). In addition, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is involved in the upregulation of MCP-1. In order to clarify whether TLR4 is involved in the onset of cardiac dysfunction caused by Ang Ⅱ stimulation, we investigated the effects of TLR4 on oxidative stress, the MCP-1 expression and cardiac dysfunction in mice with Ang Ⅱ-induced hypertension.Methods: TLR4-deficient (Tlr4(lps-d)) and wild-type (WT) mice were randomized into groups treated with Ang Ⅱ, norepinephrine (NE) or a subdepressor dose of the Ang Ⅱreceptor blocker irbesartan (IRB) and Ang Ⅱ for two weeks.Results: Ang Ⅱ and NE similarly increased systolic blood pressure in all drug-treated groups compared to that observed in the control group among both WT and Tlr4(lps-d) mice (p<0.05). In the WT mice, Ang Ⅱ induced cardiac hypertrophy as well as vascular remodeling and perivascular fibrosis of the intramyocardial arteries and monocyte/macrophage infiltration in the heart (p<0.05). Furthermore, Ang Ⅱ treatment decreased the left ventricular diastolic function and resulted in a greater left ventricular end-systolic dimension (p<0.05) in addition to producing a five-fold increase in the NADPH oxidase activity, ROS content and MCP-1 expression (p<0.05). In contrast, the Tlr4(lps-d) mice showed little effects of Ang Ⅱ on these indices. In the WT mice, IRB treatment reversed these changes compared to that seen in the mice treated with Ang Ⅱ alone. NE produced little effect on any of the indices in either the WT or Tlr4(lps-d) mice.Conclusions: TLR4 may be involved in the processes underlying the increased oxidative stress, selectively activated MCP-1 expression and cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction seen in cases of Ang Ⅱ- induced hypertension.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 03/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.27292
  • Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2015; 22(4). DOI:10.5551/jat.ED006
  • Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2015; 22(3). DOI:10.5551/jat.ED009
  • Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.ED005
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known to frequently cause cardiovascular events. However, it is unclear how renal dysfunction affects the vascular response. We herein studied the effects of renal dysfunction on the aortic behavior in adenine-fed mice, investigating mechanisms underlying the occurrence of cardiovascular events in CKD patients.Methods: Biochemical analyses of the plasma creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and glucose levels and measurements of the blood pressure were performed using C57BL/6 mice fed with and without an adenine-containing diet. The relaxing effects of acetylcholine (ACh) or sodium nitropurusside (SNP) and effects of NO synthase (NOS) inhibitors on the contractions induced by phenylephrine (PE) were measured in endothelium-intact aortas obtained from both mice.Results: The mice fed 0.25% adenine for four weeks showed greater plasma creatinine and BUN concentrations than the control mice, suggesting that adenine-fed mice are a useful CKD model. Furthermore, ACh relaxed the PE-stimulated, endothelium-intact aortas, the effect of which was less potent in the adenine-fed mice than in the control mice. In contrast, the degree of SNP-induced relaxation of the aortas was the same in the adenine-fed mice and control mice. The α1-adrenergic agonist, PE, induced more potent absolute tension of the endothelium-intact aortas in the CKD model mice than in the control mice, while the NOS inhibitors, N-nitro-L-arginine (LNA) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) enhanced the contraction effects of PE in both mice.Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that spontaneous and stimulated NO release from the endothelium is decreased in the CKD model mouse aorta. The NO-mediated correlation between renal and elastic arterial endothelial dysfunction is suggested to be a cause of cardiovascular events in patients with CKD.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.28191
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    ABSTRACT: In the recent issue of the Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis, Wang et al. assessed the relationship between the red cell distribution width (RDW) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, assessing all parameters affecting the RDW, determining the optimum RDW cut-off value for predicting the prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), excluding metabolic comorbidities affecting the RDW values and identifying the specific range for the WBC count within the exclusion criteria would provide more reliable results and improve the credibility of the entire article in this study population.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2015; 22(2). DOI:10.5551/jat.27573
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is now validated as a sensitive marker of atherosclerosis and is directly associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Considering that the independent association between the serum uric acid level and CIMT remains controversial due to the complex interrelationship with other known cardiovascular risk factors, further studies are needed. The aim of the present study is to explore the association between the serum uric acid level and CIMT in a general Chinese population and determine whether the association differs according to varied metabolic status. Methods: The present study was cross-sectional in design. A total of 10,281 community-based participants 40 years of age or older from Shanghai, China were included in the current analysis. All participants underwent a detailed questionnaire interview, anthropometric measurements and ultrasonography to assess the CIMT. Blood and urine samples were collected for the biochemical measurements. Results: The serum uric acid levels were positively associated with obesity- and diabetes-related parameters and the CIMT. In a logistic regression model controlling for potential confounders, compared with the participants in the first quartile of the uric acid level, those in the fourth quartile had a higher odds of an elevated CIMT in both men (odds ratio [OR]=1.37; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.07-1.75) and women (OR=1.48; 95% CI=1.12-1.94). The subgroup analyses revealed that an association between an elevated CIMT and the serum uric acid level persisted regardless of diuretic use and the hypertension, diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease status. However, the association disappeared in the patients who consumed alcohol and in premenopausal women. Conclusions: The serum uric acid level is positively associated with an elevated CIMT in middle-aged and elderly Chinese subjects, independent of known risk determinants of cardiovascular disease.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.26260
  • Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2015; 22(3). DOI:10.5551/jat.ED004
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The current study investigated how prevalent the absence of a prior history of intermittent claudication would be in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) and examined the associated clinical features.Methods: We used a database of 559 Japanese CLI patients participating in a multicenter prospective study. A history of intermittent claudication prior to CLI onset was surveyed at registration. The 95% confidence interval (CI) of its prevalence was calculated using the Clopper-Pearson method. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the association between the clinical features and the absence of preceding intermittent claudication.Results: The study subjects were 73±10 years old and 67% were male. Tissue loss occurred in 82% of this population. The prevalence of the absence of prior intermittent claudication was 50% [95% CI: 46-55%]. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, a non-ambulatory status, diabetes mellitus, and regular dialysis were significantly and independently associated with the lack of a prior history of intermittent claudication (all p<0.05). Indeed, the presence of these features was associated with a higher prevalence of the lack of the history. Regular dialysis, but not non-ambulatory status or diabetes mellitus, lost its statistical significance after further adjustment for the presence of isolated infrapopliteal lesions, whereas the presence of isolated infrapopliteal lesions itself was significantly associated with a lack of prior intermittent claudication.Conclusions: The absence of a prior history of intermittent claudication was prevalent in CLI patients. Patients with a non-ambulatory status, diabetes mellitus, and regular dialysis were more likely to lack a prior history of intermittent claudication.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.28217
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of this study was to identify the age and sex-specific reference ranges for the non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDLC) levels in Japanese children.Methods: The subjects included 441,431 schoolchildren (207,015 boys, 234,416 girls) 9-16 years of age who participated in a screening and care program for lifestyle-related diseases from 2006 to 2011. The serum total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) levels were measured, and the non-HDL-C levels were calculated. The serum lipid levels were analyzed according to age and sex.Results: The overall mean non-HDL-C level was 105.7±24.0 mg/dL, with a sex difference: boys=103.0±24.0 mg/dL and girls=108.2±23.8 mg/dL. In boys, the median non-HDL-C level decreased gradually from 104 mg/dL in the 9-year-old age group to 96 mg/dL in the 15-year-old age group. The 75th percentile level was approximately 120 mg/dL in the 9- to 11-year-old groups and decreased at approximately 113 mg/dL in the 12- to 15-year-old groups, whereas the 95th percentile level was approximately 150 mg/dL in the 9- to 11-year-old groups and decreased at approximately 140 mg/dL in the 13- to 15-year-old groups. In girls, the median non-HDL-C level remained unchanged at approximately 105 mg/dL, with 75th and 95th percentile levels of approximately 122 and 150 mg/dL, respectively.Conclusions: The non-HDL-C levels vary by age and sex. The age- and sex-specific reference ranges for the non-HDL-C levels may be a valuable tool for management with respect to preventing the development of atherosclerosis in childhood.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 02/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.28100
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a useful modality for visualizing atherosclerotic lesions in coronary arteries, not only for the degree of arterial luminal stenosis but also for the plaque composition within the vessel walls. We aimed to determine the relationship between the clinical parameters and coronary plaque characteristics evaluated by IVUS in patients with stable angina under medical treatment.Methods: Plaque measurements within the coronary arteries were collected by coronary angiography and iMAP-IVUS in 40 men with stable angina. The serum remnant-like cholesterol (RemL-C) was measured using homogeneous assays and serum adiponectin and omentin-1 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.Results: The iMAP-IVUS analysis of the coronary arteries demonstrated that the plaque cross-sectional area (CSA) was 11.0±3.5 mm(2). Plaque CSA positively correlated with body mass index and negatively correlated with the serum adiponectin levels. Both areal and volumetric analyses of the plaque characteristics demonstrated that the serum RemL-C level was a positive determinant for %Necrosis and the negative determinant for %Fibrosis of the plaques. Neither serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol nor low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels correlated with the proportion of any plaque components. Additionally, the RemL-C/triglyceride ratio positively correlated with %Lipid significantly in the areal analysis.Conclusion: Elevation of the serum RemL-C levels in the patients with stable angina may link to coronary plaque vulnerability, which is characterized by high necrotic and low fibrotic components.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 01/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.26328
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: This study was conducted to examine whether low serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD)are associated with a higher risk of incident peripheral artery disease (PAD) in a representative group of elderly people.Methods: We followed 1568 community-dwelling elderly participants without PAD at the baseline (among a sample of 2097 initially eligible) over a mean of 4.4 years as part of the Progetto Veneto Anziani (Pro.V.A.) study. The baseline serum 25OHD levels were categorized as <24, 25-49, 50-74, >75 nmol/L, and incident PAD was defined as an ankle-brachial index below 0.9.Results: At the baseline, there were no differences in known risk factors for PAD (BMI, waist circumference, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, smoking habits, total cholesterol) or in the ankle-brachial index (ABI) between the groups with different serum 25OHD levels (<24, 25-49, 50-74, >75 nmol/L). During a 4.4-year follow-up, 371 subjects developed PAD. The group with serum 25OHD levels >75 nmol/L was set as the reference group, and an adjusted Cox's regression analysis showed no association between low vitamin D levels and incident PAD during the follow-up: the hazard ratio ranged from 0.76 (95%CI: 0.41-1.42) for participants with serum 25OHD levels below 25 nmol/L to 1.32 (95%CI: 0.72-2.39) for those with serum 25OHD levels between 50-74 nmol/L (p for trend=0.08). These results did not change when participants were stratified by several risk factors for PAD.Conclusions: Baseline hypovitaminosis D did not predict the onset of PAD over a 4.4-year follow-up in elderly people.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 01/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.28134
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To investigate the relationships between arterial stiffness and classic cardiovascular risk factors with respect to gender differences in addition to the prevalence of high arterial stiffness in Chongqing, China based on an examination of 18,336 subjects.Methods: The cardio-ankle vascular index was used as a marker of arterial stiffness. The relationships between arterial stiffness and body mass index (BMI) as well as metabolic syndrome (MetS) were estimated using logistic regression models.Results: The prevalence of high arterial stiffness was 12.74% in men and 9.91% in women. For age and BMI, compared with the reference group, men had higher adjusted odds ratios (ORs) in each group versus their female counterparts. For each individual index of MetS, the effects of waist circumference and systolic blood pressure (SBP) on high arterial stiffness exhibited remarkable gender differences, with women having higher ORs and adjusted ORs than men. As the sum of MetS traits increased, the ORs and adjusted ORs in the subjects also increased, with women having higher values than men in each group.Conclusions: Gender-specific differences exist in the prevalence of high arterial stiffness among subjects compared by age, BMI and MetS, with varying effects of influence for these factors between genders.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 01/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.26690
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    ABSTRACT: The functional integrity of the vascular endothelium is an essential component required for the maintenance of vascular health, thus counteracting the onset of vascular diseases, including atherosclerosis and vascular complications of diabetes. In light of this important role, the vascular endothelium is expected to have a self-defense system. One candidate factor of such a system is vasohibin-1 (VASH1), a protein that is preferentially expressed in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). The unique features of VASH1 are its anti-angiogenic activity and ability to promote the stress tolerance and survival of ECs. This review summarizes current knowledge regarding VASH1 in terms of its roles in maintaining vascular integrity and protecting the vasculature against various forms of stress.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 01/2015; 22(4). DOI:10.5551/jat.28902
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Vitamin D deficiency, which is prevalent among young women in Middle Eastern populations, has been linked to cardiovascular disease. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has also been found to be associated with coronary artery disease. However, data on the relationship between vitamin D status and epicardial adiposity is limited. This study aims to investigate the effect of vitamin D deficiency and replacement therapy on EAT thickness in healthy, young premenopausal women.Methods: Thirty-one premenopausal women with vitamin D deficiency and 31 age-matched women with normal vitamin D levels were enrolled in this study. EAT thickness was measured echocardiographically. Measurements were performed at baseline in both groups and were repeated at the 6-month follow-up in vitamin D deficient subjects after vitamin D replacement therapy.Results: The baseline plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were lower in the vitamin D deficient group compared to the control group and were significantly improved following replacement therapy. EAT thickness was significantly higher in the vitamin D deficient group, and no significant change occurred following replacement therapy. In the linear regression analysis, waist circumference (β=0.031 [0.005-0.057], p=0.020) and 25(OH)D level (β=-0.020 [(-0.028)-(-0.013)], p<0.001) independently correlated with EAT thickness.Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with a significant increase in EAT thickness in premenopausal women; however, a net beneficial response to adequate replacement therapy was not observed during the short period of therapy during our study. Longer periods of replacement therapy and follow-up may be useful to demonstrate the potential beneficial effects of vitamin D replacement on epicardial adiposity.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 01/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.28381
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The immune system may play an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. T cell-driven inflammation in human hypertension and atherosclerosis has recently been revealed. In the present study, we evaluated the association between serum levels of the C-X-C chemokine receptor type 3 chemokines and the carotid intima media thickness (IMT) in humans.Methods: One hundred sixty-four consecutive patients undergoing baseline and 2-year follow-up carotid IMT (110 men, 62.4±10.0 years) were enrolled. The maximum carotid IMT (max-IMT) and the mean carotid IMT (mean-IMT) were measured at baseline and after 24 months. Clinical and laboratory variables, including serum levels of the monokine induced by gamma interferon (MIG) and interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10), were analyzed at the time of initial enrollment.Results: The baseline max- and mean-IMT were 0.992±0.235 and 0.793±0.191 mm, respectively. The serum levels of MIG and IP-10 significantly correlated with the carotid IMT. However, there was no significant correlation between the serum levels of MIG or IP-10 and IMT changes. A multivariate regression analysis revealed the serum MIG to be independently associated with the carotid IMT (max-IMT: β=0.194, p=0.010; mean-IMT: β=0.184, p=0.016) when controlled for age, sex, diabetes mellitus history, smoking history, body mass index, blood pressure, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and aspirin and statin medication.Conclusions: Circulating MIG levels are independently associated with the carotid IMT, after adjusting for confounding factors and medications. These findings indicate the potential clinical implication of MIG with respect to early atherosclerosis in humans.
    Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 01/2015; DOI:10.5551/jat.28886