Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica

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Website Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica et Adriatica website
Other titles Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica, et Adriatica
ISSN 1318-4458
OCLC 32565749
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A case of a generalized non-follicular digitate keratosis classified as multiple minute digitate hyperkeratosis is described with suggestive clinical, dermoscopic, and histopathogical data. The patient was a 52-year-old Caucasian woman presenting a 6-year history of multiple asymptomatic skin-colored digitate lesions, 3 to 5 mm long and 1 to 2 mm wide, distributed on the forehead, neck, and extensor surface of the arms as well as in the inframammary folds, axillae, and lower limbs, especially on the popliteal fold. She reported having a 67-year-old sister and a 39-year-old niece with an identical eruption. Treatment with 15% glycolic acid (AHA) lotion and heliotherapy improved this disturbing eruption.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 12/2014; 23(4):79-80. DOI:10.15570/actaapa.2014.19
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to investigate the awareness, motivation, and readiness of medical staff to take part in a cervical cancer screening program (CSP), with the ultimate aim of increasing the response rate to invitation letters and improving CSP effectiveness and coverage. Certified gynecologists (GYNs) and general practitioners (GPs) practicing in the national and private healthcare systems in Latvia were given specially designed multiple-choice questionnaires. Of 213 questionnaires distributed to GYNs, 74% were completed (32% response rate of all 486 GYNs in Latvia). GPs were sent 933 questionnaires, 24% were returned (15% response rate of all 1,455 GPs in Latvia). GPs registered for 10 years or more knew significantly less about prevention and screening for cervical cancer compared to GYNs registered for the same amount of time (p = 0.05). This finding was not seen among the GYNs (p = 0.782). In the entire study group, the average score for correct answers was 5.97 (SD 2.602). Knowledge in the GP group was significantly lower (5.03, SD 2.243) than in the GYN group (7.22, SD 2.527, p < 0.001). Irrespective of specialization and place of work, knowledge was evaluated as poorer with an increase in age (RR = 0.950; p < 0.001). The knowledge, awareness, and perception of GYNs regarding cervical cancer prevention and screening in Latvia is sufficient but not good, and that of GPs is poor. Doctors would like to learn more about preventing cervical cancer.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 12/2014; 23(4):69-73. DOI:10.15570/actaapa.2014.17
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    ABSTRACT: Port wine stain (PWS, nevus flammeus) is a relatively common vascular malformation of postcapillary venules affecting 0.3 to 0.5% of newborn children. Since the mid-1990s, a case series and several case reports have described dermatitis on PWS corresponding to Meyerson phenomenon, usually reported in the setting of melanocytic nevi. There is no universal explanation of the cause or pathogenesis of eczema occurring in PWS, but it may be precipitated by atopic disease or vascular laser treatment of the malformation. Here we described two non-atopic girls with dermatitis developing within their nevi flammei, in one temporally related to KTP laser treatment, and in the other obviously not associated with the treatment. However, in both patients the eczema responded well to a short course of topical corticosteroids.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 12/2014; 23(4):81-83. DOI:10.15570/actaapa.2014.20
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    ABSTRACT: Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients appears to be associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD).The aim of our study was to investigate the differences in markers of inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and prothrombotic state between treated and untreated HIV-infected patients with or without subclinical atherosclerosis.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 09/2014; 23(3):49-52. DOI:10.15570/actaapa.2014.12
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    ABSTRACT: Traditional cardiovascular (CVD) risk assessment algorithms such as the Framingham Risk Score (FRS), Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) and Prospective Cardiovascular Munster (PROCAM) were developed for general populations, their usefulness in HIV-infected population has not been confirmed. DAD algorithm was developed specifically for HIV-infected patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the performance of risk assessment algorithms in HIV-infected population.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 09/2014; 23(3):43-7. DOI:10.15570/actaapa.2014.11
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    ABSTRACT: Cutaneous adverse reactions to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are usually easily recognized in daily clinical practice when they manifest as a morbilliform or maculopapular rash within the first few weeks after introducing an AED. Valproate (VPA)-induced encephalopathy is a rare but serious complication, presenting with impaired consciousness, with or without hyperammonemia, normal liver enzymes, and normal serum level of VPA. A 2-year-old Caucasian boy with severe developmental disability and pharmacoresistant epilepsy presented with fever, generalized erythrodermia, and encephalopathy, which resolved after discontinuation of valproate. Sodium valproate (30 mg/kg/day) was introduced 5 months previously, as the third drug in combination with vigabatrin and levetiracetam, due to frequent daily seizures. The clinical condition of generalized erythrodermia and encephalopathy was recognized by the treating physician as a possible adverse reaction to VPA: with the Naranjo scale it was probably associated with VPA (six points) and possibly associated with vigabatrin and levetiracetam (three and two points, respectively). After valproate withdrawal, the patient recovered completely. This case is of interest because erythrodermia was a clue to the recognition of valproate-related adverse reaction with severe central nervous system involvement without hyperammonemia and with normal liver enzymes-a very rare occurrence.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 06/2014; 23(2):35-8. DOI:10.15570/actaapa.2014.9
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    ABSTRACT: Epidermolysis bullosa simplex with mottled pigmentation is a rare subtype of epidermolysis bullosa simplex that is characterized by nonscarring blistering and reticulated hyperpigmentation. We report the first Slovenian case of a newborn with blisters, who later presented with hyperpigmented macules in the first year of life. A missense p.Pro25Leu mutation in the KRT5 gene was confirmed.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 06/2014; 23(2):33-4. DOI:10.15570/actaapa.2014.8
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy, chronic hepatitis C has become one of the leading causes of non-AIDS-related morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV infection. Two previous Slovenian nationwide studies published in 2002 and 2009 showed a very low prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among Slovenian HIV-infected individuals (14.5% and 10.7%, respectively). Methods and results: The presence of HCV infection was tested in 579/639 (90.6%) patients that were confirmed as HIV-positive in Slovenia by the end of 2013. Among them, 7.6% (44/579) of HIV-infected individuals were anti-HCV-positive, and 33/44 (75%) anti-HCV-positive patients were also HCV RNA-positive. HCV genotype 1 was most prevalent among HIV-infected patients (68%), followed by genotype 3 (20%), genotype 4 (8%), and genotype 2 (4%). Anti-HCV positivity was significantly higher in those that acquired HIV by the parenteral route (91.8%) than in those that acquired HIV by the sexual route (2.8%). Discussion: Slovenia remains among the countries with the lowest prevalence of HCV infection in HIV-infected individuals. Because the burden of HIV among men who have sex with men in Slovenia is disproportionately high and increasing rapidly, the current favorable situation could change quickly and should be therefore monitored regularly.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 06/2014; 23(2):25-6. DOI:10.15570/actaapa.2014.6
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    ABSTRACT: Elastosis perforans serpiginosa is a rare skin disease in which abnormal elastic fibers, other connective tissue elements, and cellular debris are expelled from the papillary dermis through the epidermis. Three clinical variants of EPS can be detected: idiopathic, reactive, and drug-induced. Clinically it consists of small horny or umbilicated papules arranged in a linear, arciform, circular, or serpiginous pattern. It usually occurs in young adults and shows a predilection for the head and neck. The lesions are generally asymptomatic or slightly itching. Several treatments have been reported with poor long-term success; these include intralesional and topical corticosteroids, tazarotene, imiquimod, and cryotherapy. We report a case of 40-year-old black woman affected by elastosis perforans serpiginosa that was referred to our department and treated with intralesional injections of triamcinolone acetonide and topical application of allium cepa-allantoin-pentaglycan gel.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 06/2014; 23(2):39-41. DOI:10.15570/actaapa.2014.10
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Acroangiodermatitis (pseudo-Kaposi's sarcoma, AAD) is a benign vascular dermatosis that resembles Kaposi's sarcoma clinically and histopathologically (1). Four types have been defined: the Stewart-Bluefarb type accompanying chronic arteriovenous malformations, the Mali type accompanying stasis dermatitis, a type accompanying the first gestation, and a type accompanying arteriovenous shunts in patients with chronic kidney failure (3). Although AAD development is associated with chronic venous failure, less frequently AAD can develop as a complication of extremity paralysis, hemodialysis, post-traumatic arteriovenous fistula, amputated extremities, and vascular malformations (e.g., Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome). Pseudo-Kaposi's sarcoma can be histopathologically and clinically confused with malignant diseases such as Kaposi's sarcoma (1, 4). A 22-year-old male was referred to our outpatient clinic with a complaint of a non-healing wound on the distal phalanx of the left first toe. The patient was referred to various centers for 2 years and stated that he had received infection treatments but that his complaints did not disappear. An AAD diagnosis was established for the patient based on clinical and histopathologic evidence. Because he had early-onset disease and it was unilateral, the diagnosis was delayed. In addition, due to the rare occurrence of the disease, we histopathologically diagnosed this patient as having acroangiodermatitis.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 06/2013;
  • Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 01/2013; 22:21-25.
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    ABSTRACT: The study was designed to utilize the SF-36, a validated generic questionnaire, to assess acne patients' view of their general health and quality of life. The subjects were 454 acne patients (237 males, 217 females) visiting an outpatient clinic at Qassim University. An Arabic translation of the SF-36 questionnaire, culturally adapted and validated, was used to assess eight life-quality dimensions. Data regarding demographics, disease grade, duration, and treatment were also included in the questionnaire. The internal consistency reliability of the multi-item scales was assessed using Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Descriptive statistics were conducted with independent and paired-sample t-tests as well as one-way ANOVA for metric variables; and Xi(2) and Fisher's exact tests were used for categorical variables. Spearman's rank correlation was used for associations. All tests were two-sided, and the level of significance was set at phi < 0.05. The scores for physical functioning, role physical, role emotional, and vitality dimensions were below 60%. About 81.5% of respondents rated their health as either "fair" or "poor", and only 25% said their general health was better than the previous year. Females were more likely to report better general health than males (phi = 0.001). Education level negatively correlated with mental health, role emotional, social functioning, general health, and bodily pain. Rural patients showed better general health (phi = 0.003). Married persons rated their general health better than single patients (phi = 0.002). Mild and shorter-duration acne was associated with a better general health score compared to the previous year (phi = 0.01 and 0.001, respectively). Patients that had received treatment were significantly better regarding role physical, vitality, and mental health dimensions, whereas topical treatment was significantly better in the vitality dimension than oral therapy. The patients treated also rated their general health better than the previous year (phi = 0.0001). The presence of acne vulgaris per se is the most significant factor underlying patients' low perception of their general health. Patients' education about the disease and social support play a considerable role in better disease perception and can improve patients' quality of life.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 12/2009; 18(4):157-64.
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    ABSTRACT: A cutaneous horn is a conical, dense, hyperkeratotic protrusion that often appears similar to the horn of an animal. It is a morphologic designation referring to an unusually cohesive keratinized material, not a true pathologic diagnosis. Cutaneous horns occur in association with, or as a response to, a wide variety of underlying benign, pre-malignant, and malignant cutaneous diseases. The most important common concern is distinguishing a hyperkeratotic actinic keratosis from a cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Keratoacanthoma is another cause, as illustrated herein as a projective cutaneous tumor with a fingernail-like appearance. The treatment of choice for cutaneous horns is shave excision with subsequent histopathologic evaluation to rule out underlying malignancy and to guide potential further therapy.
    Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica 12/2009; 18(4):189-93.