Anatomia Clinica (SURG RADIOL ANAT )

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Description

Anatomy is a morphological science which cannot fail to interest the clinician. The practical application of anatomical research to clinical problems necessitates special adaptation and selectivity in choosing from numerous international works. Although there is a tendency to believe that meaningful advances in anatomy are unlikely, constant revision is necessary. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, the first international journal of Clinical anatomy has been created in this spirit. Its goal is to serve clinicians, regardless of speciality-physicians, surgeons, radiologists or other specialists-as an indispensable aid with which they can improve their knowledge of anatomy. Each issue includes: Original papers, review articles, articles on the anatomical bases of medical, surgical and radiological techniques, articles of normal radiologic anatomy, brief reviews of anatomical publications of clinical interest. Particular attention is given to high quality illustrations, which are indispensable for a better understanding of anatomical problems. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy is a journal written by anatomists for clinicians with a special interest in anatomy.

  • Impact factor
    0.93
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.15
  • Cited half-life
    6.80
  • Immediacy index
    0.13
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.31
  • Website
    Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy website
  • Other titles
    Surgical and radiologic anatomy (Online), SRA
  • ISSN
    1279-8517
  • OCLC
    60638271
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors own final version only can be archived
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's website or institutional repository
    • On funders designated website/repository after 12 months at the funders request or as a result of legal obligation
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the regional frequency and anatomical properties of mandibular lingual foramina (MLF) and their bony canals with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). A retrospective study was conducted by selecting images of the mandible from CBCT examination of 500 patients. MLF were located according to tooth areas and were grouped into midline, paramedian, and posterior foramina. In addition, the frequency of bony canals originating from lingual foramina was calculated, and the course and anastomoses were examined. In total, 491 areas with lingual foramina were observed. The highest regional frequency was recognized in the midline area (95.2 %), followed by left first premolar (15.1 %) area. The frequency of foramina in the midline was different from the paramedian and posterior (p < 0.01) regions. 95.6 % of lingual vascular canals originating from midline lingual foramina had a perpendicular course into the symphysis, whereas 60.3 % of canals from paramedian foramina and 83.6 % of canals from lateral lingual foramina presented with an anteriorly directed course. CBCT examination easily demonstrates the presence of the lingual vascular canals. MLF are frequently present in a Turkish population; radiologists and oral surgeons should be aware of this anatomic feature and its possible implications.
    Anatomia Clinica 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To provide more information to clinicians planning sinus grafting and maxillofacial surgical interventions, the present study evaluated the prevalence, diameter and location of the superior alveolar canals (SAC) using CBCT images. The maxillary sinus CBCT scans (i-CAT Classic(®), ISI, USA) of 100 adult patients (67 women and 33 men) aged 20-79 years [mean (SD) 40 (15)] were examined. A dentomaxillofacial radiologist observed the SAC based on CBCT image data and more specifically the parasagittal views to assess SAC's diameter and location. The anterior and posterior SAC, double ASAC, intraosseous anastomoses and the extension of the anterior SAC to the piriform aperture were observed in 100, 73, 24.5, 38.5 and 84 % of the cases, respectively. The anastomosis was located between canine and first premolar in 43 % of the cases. The SAC diameters were in 80 % of the cases ≤1 mm, remaining canals had a diameter between 1 and 2 mm. The distance of the SAC to the alveolar crest ranged between 2.42 and 44.6 mm. The anterior SAC was more prevalent in the upper (53 %) and middle (44 %) thirds of the maxillary sinus, while the posterior SAC was more prevalent in the middle (36 %) and lower thirds (64 %). The distance was significantly bigger in men in some tooth positions. Based on the present findings, one-fifth of the patients may have a diameter of the SAC >1 mm, large enough to cause bleeding and/or paraesthesia. CBCT imaging may assist surgeons to plan grafting and osteotomy procedures, while avoiding these neurovascular structures.
    Anatomia Clinica 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this literary search was to chart the etymology of 32 selected human skeletal muscles, representative of all body regions. In researching this study, analysis of 15 influential Latin and German anatomical textbooks, dating from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, was undertaken, as well as reference to four versions of the official Latin anatomical terminologies. Particular emphasis has been placed on the historical development of muscular nomenclature, and the subsequent division of these data into groups, defined by similarities in the evolution of their names into the modern form. The first group represents examples of muscles whose names have not changed since their introduction by Vesalius (1543). The second group comprises muscles which earned their definitive names during the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The third group is defined by acceptance into common anatomical vernacular by the late nineteenth century, including those outlined in the first official Latin terminology (B.N.A.) of 1895. The final group is reserved for six extra-ocular muscles with a particularly poetic history, favoured and popularised by the anatomical giants of late Renaissance and 1,700 s. As this study will demonstrate, it is evident that up until introduction of the B.N.A. there was an extremely liberal approach to naming muscles, deserving great respect in the retrospective terminological studies if complete and relevant results are to be achieved. Without this knowledge of the vernacular of the ages past, modern researchers can find themselves 'reinventing the wheel' in looking for their answers.
    Anatomia Clinica 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, the radiological concept of retroperitoneal interfascial planes has been widely accepted to explain the extension of retroperitoneal pathologies. This study aimed to explore embryologically based corroborative evidence, which remains to be elucidated, for this concept. Using serial or semi-serial transverse sections from 29 human fetuses at the 5th-25th week of fetal age, we microscopically observed the development of the retroperitoneal fasciae and other structures in the retroperitoneal connective tissue. A hypothesis for the formation of the interfascial planes was generated from the developmental study and analysis of retroperitoneal fasciae in computed tomography images from 224 patients. Whereas the loose connective tissue was uniformly distributed in the retroperitoneum by the 9th week, the primitive renal and transversalis fasciae appeared at the 10th-12th week, as previous research has noted. By the 23rd week, the renal fascia, transversalis fascia, and primitive adipose tissue of the flank pad emerged. In addition, the primitive lateroconal fascia, which runs parallel to and close to the posterior renal fascia, emerged between the renal fascia and the adipose tissue of the flank pad. Conversely, pre-existing loose connective tissue was sandwiched between the opposing fasciae and was compressed and narrowed by the developing organs and fatty tissues. Through this developmental study, we provided the hypothesis that the compressed loose connective tissue and both opposed fasciae compose the interfascial planes. Analysis of the thickened retroperitoneal fasciae in computed tomography images supported this hypothesis. Further developmental or histological studies are required to verify our hypothesis.
    Anatomia Clinica 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The knowledge of the variation in the mandibular foramen and canal is clinically significant in surgical procedures of the mandible. This study aims to evaluate the anatomical characteristics of double mandibular foramen leading to the accessory canal on the mandibular ramus using cone beam CT. The sagittal, cross-sectional, and three-dimensional images of cone beam CT data from 446 patients were evaluated in the presence of double mandibular foramen and the accessory canal passing through the foramen. The accessory canals were classified into two types according to the configuration (forward and retromolar type), and the location of double mandibular foramen was recorded. The eight double mandibular foramina leading to the accessory canals were observed in six patients out of 446 patients (1.35 % of population). Regarding the configuration of the accessory canal, there were two forward types and six retromolar types. All double mandibular foramina were located above the mandibular foramina on the medial aspect of the mandibular ramus. Three-dimensional images of cone beam CT data are useful in confirming the presence of double mandibular foramen leading to the accessory canal. The variation may cause failure in the routine mandibular nerve block anesthesia and it is often vulnerable during surgical procedures involving the mandibular ramus. Also, double mandibular foramen is considered as an easy route for tumor cell to spread following the radiotherapy. Therefore, the variation should be carefully investigated using reconstructed cone beam CT images in planning of dental surgery or radiotherapy in the mandible.
    Anatomia Clinica 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: During a routine dissection of a 51-year-old Caucasian male cadaver, bilateral symmetrical supernumerary heads (SH) of the biceps brachii muscles with insertion into the pectoralis major (PM) muscles were discovered. Multiple case reports have documented supernumerary heads for the biceps brachii; however, none have shown bilateral insertion into the pectoralis major. This study describes a previously undocumented variation of the SH that has potential for clinical impact. Healthcare providers could be confounded by patients presenting with shoulder pain or muscle tears as a result of the anomaly. Furthermore, MRI studies on patients with possible shoulder muscle tears could reveal unexpected results. Such cases would warrant consideration of SH anomaly and treatment should be adjusted accordingly. The significant bulk and angle of the SH insertion on the PM we observed changes force vectors which would have an unknown effect in performance, surgical interventions and pain syndromes. A second biceps brachii anomaly was observed on the left brachium in addition to the bilateral SH. We postulate that these variants provide the potential for clinical complications regarding muscular injury to these aforementioned muscle groups.
    Anatomia Clinica 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: It is generally recognized that the middle deltoid muscle fibers (MDMF) have an elevating effect on the humeral head at small abduction angles. These forces are normally counterbalanced by the coaptation effect of the rotator cuff (RC) muscles to maintain shoulder stability. With RC tears, this balance may be jeopardized leading to shoulder dysfunction. Conversely, not all patients with RC tears develop shoulder dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the coaptation/elevation forces (CEF) ratio of the MDMF in RC tears subjects and in volunteers, using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Magnetic resonance imaging images in 10 subjects with RC tears and in five volunteers were used to build a three-dimensional model of the shoulder. The CEF ratio of the MDMF was estimated by representing the glenohumeral joint as a pulley. The CEF ratio increased from the posterior to the anterior fibers of the MDMF.The median and interquartile range (IQR) of the CEF ratios of the posterior-third, middle-third, anterior-third and anterior-surface segments of the deltoid were: 0.16 (IQR = 0.23), 0.61 (IQR = 0.4), 1.42 (IQR = 0.41), 1.94 (IQR = 0.56) in subjects, and 0.06 (IQR = 0.24), 0.45 (IQR = 0.28), 1.32 (IQR = 1.01), 1.49 (IQR = 0.39) in volunteers. In the subjects, the CEF ratio of the anterior-surface segment was greater than all other segments (P ≤ 0.03). The CEF ratio of the MDMF increased from its posterior segment to its anterior segment, indicating a greater stabilizing effect of the anterior segment both in RC tears subjects and in volunteers. Strengthening of the anterior fibers of the MDMF could potentially improve shoulder function in subjects with RC tears.
    Anatomia Clinica 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to provide the morphological details on small branches of the portal vein in transverse groove of hepatic hilum. According to the surgery significance, the small branches of portal vein in transverse groove of hepatic hilum were named as "Short hepatic portal veins (SHPVs)". SHPVs were minutely dissected in 30 adult cadaveric livers. The number, diameter, length, origin points, and entering liver sites of SHPVs were explored and measured. There were 181 SHPVs in 30 liver specimens, including 46 % (83/181) from the left portal vein, 31 % (56/181) from the bifurcation, and 23 % (42/181) from the right portal vein. At the entering liver sites of SHPVs, 22 % (40/181) supplied for segment IV, 9 % (17/181) for segment V, 4 % (7/181) for segment VI, 23 % (41/181) for segment VII, and 42 % (76/181) for segment I (caudate lobe). There were 6.0 ± 2.4 branches per liver specimen with range 3-12. The mean diameter of SHPVs was 2.25 ± 0.89 mm. The average length of SHPVs was 4.86 ± 2.12 mm. SHPVs widely existed in each liver specimen. The detailed anatomical study of SHPVs could be useful to avoid damaging the short portal branches during hepatic operations, such as isolated or combined caudate lobectomy.
    Anatomia Clinica 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to analyze and assess the presence of accessory foramina and canals other than the nasopalatine canal (NPC) in the anterior palate region in a pediatric population, through cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images, describing their location, direction, and diameter. Reformatted sagittal, coronal and axial slices of 368 individual CBCT images were analyzed. Any bone canal with a minimum diameter of 1.00 mm other than the nasopalatine canal was analyzed regarding size, location, and course, as well as patient gender and age. Eighty-two patients (22.3 %); presented additional foramina in the anterior palate (AFP) and in total 131 additional foramina were registered. A higher frequency of accessory canals was observed in girls (29.5 %) than in boys (15.7 %) (p = 0.012). The average diameter of AFP was 1.2 mm. Their location was variable, with most of the cases occurring in the alveolar process near the incisors or canines. Gender and age did not significantly influence the diameter. The study confirms the presence of bone channels within the anterior maxilla other than the NPC in a pediatric population. Over 22 % of the population studied had additional foramina other than the NPC in the anterior palate, between 1 and 1.7 mm wide, with variable locations.
    Anatomia Clinica 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a rare case of a variant middle meningeal artery (MMA) originating from the ophthalmic artery. During cadaveric dissection of the cranial base of an adult female, it was noted that the foramen spinosum was absent unilaterally. After identifying the MMA, its origin was traced back to the ophthalmic artery within the orbit. Although exceedingly rare, a variant MMA originating from the ophthalmic artery should be kept in mind by surgeons during skull base procedures in order to avoid unwanted complications including potential retrograde thrombosis of the ophthalmic artery with MMA manipulation or coagulation.
    Anatomia Clinica 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed at describing the anatomy of the zona orbicularis (ZO), based on magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and to assess the presence of synovial folds in relation to the ZO. A retrospective review was performed using consecutive hip and pelvic MRA and MRI examinations from our institution. We identified 25 normal scans of each variety. Patients were scanned in a neutral hip position and 3D FIESTA sequence images were included in a number of cases. Using electronic callipers, measurements were obtained of the ZO thickness and of the location of the ZO with respect of the femoral head and neck. On MRA, the ZO appeared as a horseshoe in 18/25 patients, being absent anteriorly. On MRI the ZO was less consistent and absent in 12/25 posteriorly, in 8/25 inferiorly and in 2/25 anteriorly. Where present, the ZO usually coincided with the boundary of femoral head sphericity and the narrowest point of the isthmus of the femoral neck. The medial synovial fold was identified in all MRA studies (25/25). The ZO of the hip is most consistently identified when the joint is distended and in approximately 75 % of cases appears as a horseshoe-shaped structure. Superiorly, the ZO is aligned perpendicular to the long axis of the femoral neck. The ZO twists from postero-lateral to antero-medial as it moves inferiorly. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the ZO functions as a ring that resists femoral head distraction and contributes to dynamic circulation of synovial fluid.
    Anatomia Clinica 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the diffusion tensor imaging parameters of the optic radiation and surrounding structures using the high-resolution readout-segmented diffusion tensor imaging method. Coronal readout-segmented diffusion tensor images were acquired in 15 healthy volunteers. On three slices of each image, eigenvalue 1, fractional anisotropy, radial diffusivity, apparent diffusion coefficient, and signal intensity on T2-weighted images were measured in the lateral inferior longitudinal fasciculus, external and internal layers of the optic radiation, and the tapetum within regions of interest delineated by two independent observers. Profile curve analysis of regions of interest across the optic radiation and surrounding structures was performed for a representative typical case. Significant differences in fractional anisotropy, radial diffusivity and apparent diffusion coefficient were observed between external and internal layers of the optic radiation, while there was no significant difference in eigenvalue 1. In fractional anisotropy maps, two low signal bands were observed between the inferior longitudinal fasciculus, the optic radiation and the tapetum. Profile curve analysis showed a minimum on the fractional anisotropy and eigenvalue 1 images and a maximum in the radial diffusivity image. Readout-segmented diffusion tensor imaging revealed significant differences in the diffusion tensor imaging parameters between internal and external layers of the optic radiation.
    Anatomia Clinica 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: For dental implant treatment planning and placement, a precise anatomic description of the nasopalatine canal (NC) is necessary. This descriptive retrospective study evaluated dimensions of the NC and buccal bone plate (BBP) and the tridimensional association of the anatomic variants of NC, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). This study included 230 CBCTs. Sagittal slices were used for measurements of the NC and BBP and to evaluate shape and direction-course of the NC. Coronal slices were used to assess NC shape and axial slices to assess number of incisive foramina and foramina of Stenson. Mean NC length was 12.34 ± 2.79 mm, statistically significant differences were detected between genders (p < 0.001). Mean BBP length was 20.87 ± 3.68 mm, statistically significant differences were found for the dental status (p < 0.001) and mean BBP width was 6.83 ± 1.28 mm, significant differences were detected between genders (p < 0.001). Mean nasopalatine angle was 73.33° ± 8.11°, significant differences were found in sagittal and coronal classifications. The most prevalent canal was: cylindrical sagittal shape (48.2 %); slanted-straight direction-course (57.6 %); Ya-type coronal shape (42.4 %); and one foramen incisive with two Stenson's foramina (1-2) (50.9 %). Sagittal shape was associated with sagittal direction-course (p < 0.001). Coronal shape was associated with axial classification (p < 0.001). The NC anatomy is highly variable. Gender is related to the NC length and BBP width, while dental status is related to BBP length. There was an association between the different sagittal classifications of the NC and between the coronal shape and axial classification.
    Anatomia Clinica 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The hypoglossal artery is one of four primitive anastomoses between the internal carotid artery and vertebrobasilar system that regresses in the sixth week of fetal development. A persistent hypoglossal artery (PHA) is generally an incidental finding but may also be associated with aneurysms or arteriovenous malformations. We present a rare case of a PHA with an associated bleeding intracranial PHA aneurysm located in the hypoglossal canal.
    Anatomia Clinica 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The cranio-orbital foramen (COF) is located on the lateral wall of the orbit. It is a potential source of hemorrhage during deep lateral orbital dissection, since it functions as an anastomosis between the lacrimal artery and the middle meningeal artery. The aim of this study was to guide and facilitate the surgical procedures in the orbit, so as to determine a navigational area and the precise location of the COF and to standardize certain anatomical marks. The navigational area of the COF and topographical features were studied in 75 craniums with presented COF. 33 bilateral main COFs, 41 (18 on the right, 23 on the left) unilateral main COFs at the main cranium and 19 accessory COFs were studied for their navigational features on the orbit. The distances between the COF and the fronto-zygomatic suture, supraorbital notch, lateral angle of the superior orbital fissure (SOF) and Whitnall's tubercle were measured. The mean distance of the COF from the fronto-zygomatic suture, supraorbital notch, lateral angle of the SOF and Whitnall's tubercle was 26.3, 37.3, 92 and 27.1 mm, respectively. For the navigational area signs of the COF, areas of the orbit that form the transversal and vertical lines are generated on the reference points. Whilst the upper outer area of the orbit contains a potential bleeding risk, the bottom section of the outer column is identified as safe for the surgical operations of the lateral orbital wall. The fronto-zygomatic suture and Whitnall's tubercle are recommended as the most reliable navigational landmarks for identifying the COF. Hence, the transversal and vertical orientation of the COF should be mastered by the surgeons reconstructing the anterior base of the skull and the orbit.
    Anatomia Clinica 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The sulcal and gyral anatomy of the basal occipital-temporal lobe is highly variable and detailed descriptions of this region are limited and often inconsistent. The aim of this study was to describe the salient features of the sulcal and gyral anatomy of the basal occipital-temporal lobe. We studied the sulcal and gyral patterns of 30 formalin-fixed cerebral hemispheres. The major landmarks are the collateral sulcus (separated into the rhinal, proper, and caudal segments) and occipitotemporal sulcus (often interrupted), which were always present in this study. The bifurcation of the caudal collateral sulcus is a useful landmark. In relation to these sulci, we have described the surface anatomy and nominated landmarks of the medial (parahippocampal and lingual) and lateral (fusiform) occipitotemporal gyri. Understanding of the sulcal and gyral patterns of the basal occipital-temporal lobe may provide valuable information in its radiological and intraoperative interpretation.
    Anatomia Clinica 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Although anatomical variations were continuously found in the infrahyoid muscles, muscular variations of the sternothyroid muscle are still rare. We found an accessory belly of the sternothyroid muscle in a 46-year-old Korean male cadaver during routine dissection course, whose cause of death was 'chronic renal failure'. The accessory belly attached to the oblique line of the lamina of the thyroid cartilage, covered the thyroid gland anteriorly, and attached to posterior surface of left sternothyroid muscle and pretracheal layer of the cervical fascia from side to side. It was supplied by the inferior thyroid artery from the left thyrocervical trunk and innervated by the nerve to sternothyroid muscle from the left ansa cervicalis. The present case is worth because it requires special attention performing procedures on the anterior neck.
    Anatomia Clinica 04/2014;

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