Anatomia Clinica (SURG RADIOL ANAT)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Anatomy is a morphological science which cannot fail to interest the clinician. The practical application of anatomical research to clinical problems necessitates special adaptation and selectivity in choosing from numerous international works. Although there is a tendency to believe that meaningful advances in anatomy are unlikely, constant revision is necessary. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, the first international journal of Clinical anatomy has been created in this spirit. Its goal is to serve clinicians, regardless of speciality-physicians, surgeons, radiologists or other specialists-as an indispensable aid with which they can improve their knowledge of anatomy. Each issue includes: Original papers, review articles, articles on the anatomical bases of medical, surgical and radiological techniques, articles of normal radiologic anatomy, brief reviews of anatomical publications of clinical interest. Particular attention is given to high quality illustrations, which are indispensable for a better understanding of anatomical problems. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy is a journal written by anatomists for clinicians with a special interest in anatomy.

Current impact factor: 1.05

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.047
2013 Impact Factor 1.333
2012 Impact Factor 1.13
2011 Impact Factor 1.056
2010 Impact Factor 0.827
2009 Impact Factor 0.926
2008 Impact Factor 0.636
2007 Impact Factor 0.636
2006 Impact Factor 0.443
2005 Impact Factor 0.474
2004 Impact Factor 0.369
2003 Impact Factor 0.307
2002 Impact Factor 0.252
2001 Impact Factor 0.476
2000 Impact Factor 0.314
1999 Impact Factor 0.355
1998 Impact Factor 0.356
1997 Impact Factor 0.288
1996 Impact Factor 0.389
1995 Impact Factor 0.163
1994 Impact Factor 0.306
1993 Impact Factor 0.216
1992 Impact Factor 0.079

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.27
Cited half-life 7.80
Immediacy index 0.12
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.35
Website Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy website
Other titles Surgical and radiologic anatomy (Online), SRA
ISSN 1279-8517
OCLC 60638271
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To describe the relationship of the orbital rim and depth in Far Eastern skulls by anatomical study, using morphometry to yield an octagonal three-dimensional model of the orbit. Methods: Forty-one orbits of 21 Far Eastern skulls from the Department of Anatomy of St George's, University of London were included in this study. A morphometric study was conducted, measuring between eight reproducible orbital rim landmarks to yield perimeters, and from these landmarks to the optic canal to yield orbital depth. Orbital height and width were also recorded. Results were statistically analysed to look for evidence of gender variation or laterality before comparison with those from other ethnicities. The authors then present a method for three-dimensional description of the orbit. Results: 67 % of orbits were male. Orbital height and width were significantly greater in males (34.6 ± 2.0 and 39.4 ± 1.7, vs. 32.5 ± 2.3 and 37.2 ± 2.4 mm). Orbital perimeter tended towards being larger in males (126.3 vs. 122.2 mm, p = 0.05), as was the angle between medial and lateral walls (50.1° ± 2.0°, vs. 47.9° ± 3.0°). Conclusion: This study has proposed a new method for describing the orbit using three-dimensional measurements, yielding clinically useful morphometric data. These results and model have applications in surgical navigation of the orbit, repair of fractures, and prediction of post-traumatic or surgical enophthalmos.
    Anatomia Clinica 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1561-1
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Low-tie ligation in colorectal cancer surgery is associated with technical difficulties in left colic artery preservation. We aimed to evaluate and classify the anatomical and technical difficulties of left colic artery (LCA) preservation at its origin and along its route at the inferior border of the pancreas. Methods: A vascular reconstruction computed tomography prospective series of 113 patients was analyzed. The inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) branching pattern according to Latarjet's classification (Type I, separate LCA origin, Type II, fan-shaped branching pattern) and the distances between the IMA and the LCA origins and between the LCA and the Inferior mesenteric vein (IMV) at the inferior border of the pancreas were measured. Results: The IMA branching pattern was Type I in 80 (71 %) patients and Type II in 33 (29 %) patients. The IMA-LCA distance was 39.8 ± 12.2 mm. The LCA-IMV distance at the inferior border of the pancreas was 20.5 ± 21.7 mm. When classified based on this distance, 75 (66 %) patients were classified into the Near subgroup (<20 mm) (7.7 ± 4.1 mm) and 38 (34 %) into the Far subgroup (≥20 mm) (45.6 ± 20.4 mm, p < 0.001). A Type I subgroup F accounted for 27 % of the patients. Conclusions: Left colic artery preservation is highly feasible at its origin in more than two-thirds of cases due to the separate origin. The addition of a high IMV ligation increases the risk of damage to the LCA at the inferior border of the pancreas because the distance to the IMV is less than 20 mm in two-thirds of cases.
    Anatomia Clinica 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1583-8
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    ABSTRACT: A supernumerary intrathoracic rib is a very rare congenital thoracic abnormality that is typically a benign incidental finding. However, in rare cases, they may cause pain, pneumothorax, and injury to surrounding viscus. We report a case of a supernumerary intrathoracic rib causing increasing chest pain diagnosed by computed tomography using three-dimensional reconstructions. The patient underwent robotic-assisted video-assisted thoracoscopic resection of the intrathoracic rib located in her left thorax. The rib was resected without complication, and the patient was discharged from the telemetry unit on post-operative day two. Upon discharge, there was complete resolution of her preoperative symptoms.
    Anatomia Clinica 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1574-9
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    ABSTRACT: During routine dissection of the abdominal cavity of a 55-year-old African male cadaver, multiple anomalies including renal and testicular vessels were encountered. The right kidney was supplied by three right hilar renal arteries arising from the abdominal aorta at different vertebral levels whereas only one left renal artery supplied the left kidney. On the right three renal veins drained the kidney into the inferior vena cava. In contrast, the left kidney was drained by a single renal vein which received a large primary posterior tributary. The primary posterior tributary had three tributaries from the posterior lumbar region. The right testis had two sources of arterial supply; one from the subcostal artery and another from the abdominal aorta. The left testis was supplied normally by a single testicular artery. The right testis was drained by four testicular veins as follows: one drained into the subcostal vein, the other two drained separately for a longer course and joined shortly before draining into the right main renal vein, the fourth one drained into the anterior aspect of the inferior vena cava at the level of the second lumbar vertebra. On the left, the testicle was drained by two testicular veins which travelled separately from the deep inguinal ring and joined shortly before they drain into the left renal vein. This variation may represent an immature form of complicated development of kidneys and testes. Additionally, emphasis must be put on preoperative vascular examination to avoid surgical complications from variant vessels in this region.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1584-7
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a rare congenital malformation, as well as kidney ectopia. Among kidney ectopias, the intrathoracic one is the rarest. Those malformations concern more frequently boys, and affected more the left than the right side. Their association is poorly reported in the literature. We report the rare case of an early sonographic prenatal diagnosis of intrathoracic kidney at 22 weeks of gestation in a female fetus, completed on the follow-up by the diagnosis of an associated diaphragmatic hernia at 33 weeks of gestation. If chest mass is diagnosed prenatally or in neonate, ITK should be considered in a differential diagnosis, all the more if the ipsilateral renal fossa is empty. An associated DH should be searched if ITK is confirmed. Isolated ITK usually requires no specific treatment, in contrast with ITK associated with DH.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1575-8
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Parietal foramina (PFs) are openings of fine canals that perforate the parietal bone. However, few studies have investigated the entire canals and their emissary vessels (EVs). Here, we explore the EVs with magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: A total of 104 patients who underwent contrast examinations and exhibited an intact scalp, skull, dura mater, and superior sagittal sinus were enrolled in this study. Imaging data were obtained as thin-sliced, seamless sagittal sections and were transferred to a workstation for analysis. Results: A total of 116 EVs passing through the PF and inner canals (parietal canal) were identified in 78 patients (75 %). All the EVs were found to perforate each layer of the parietal bone. Of 104 patients, 68 % exhibited one EV, 30 % two EVs, and 2 % three EVs. In 85.3 %, the EV was entirely delineated in one sagittal slice, 10.3 % were covered by two slices, and 4.3 % by three slices. In 68 %, the EV connected to the upper surface of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) with variable courses from near-vertical to horizontal inclinations. Conclusions: EVs perforate the skull with variable inclinations, while showing a highly consistent course in the sagittal dimension. The PF and EV can be used as landmarks of the SSS lying immediately below.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1579-4
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to simulate the mechanisms of hyperflexion and hyperextension injuries of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint of the hand and to analyze the resulting extensor tendon injury patterns. The hypotheses were raised that hyperflexion trauma leads to a plastic deformation of the extensor tendon aponeurosis, with or without a small bony avulsion fragment but without joint surface involvement, and that hyperextension injuries can create a shear fracture of the dorsal lip of the distal phalanx, without injury to the extensor tendon aponeurosis. Loading was applied with a swinging pendulum impacting the distal phalanx in 103 human specimens in either an extended or flexion position. After loading, injury patterns were analyzed radiologically and histologically. There was evidence that hyperflexion trauma leads to a plastic deformation or rupture of the extensor tendon. Bony tendon avulsion was evident in 12.2 % of cases. With hyperextension, the extensor tendon remained intact in all cases, but there were large fracture fragments involving the articular surface in 4.1 % of cases. The results of the study show that force on the flexed joint leads to overstretching of the extensor tendon, and to an associated dorsal bony avulsion with intact joint line. Force applied to the joint in extension can lead to a bony dorsal edge fracture with articular involvement and with it, a palmar DIP joint capsule rupture. The results illuminate a direct correlation between the mechanism of injury and the pattern of injury in the clinical picture of mallet finger.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1577-6
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this case report is to report a rare vascular variation in the upper limbs because of its clinical importance and embryological implication. Methods: During the educational dissection of a 73-year-old Korean male cadaver`s right upper limb, we found a variant branch which is originated from the thoracoacromial artery. Results: The variant branch from the thoracoacromial artery ran to the distal forearm in the deep fascia. Because it finally coursed like the radial artery in the forearm and the palm, we defined the variant artery as superficial brachioradial artery (SBRA). In the cubital region a little below the intercondylar line, the brachial artery gave off a small communicating branch to SBRA, and continued as the ulnar artery. Conclusions: We reported this unique variation and discussed its clinical and embryological implication.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1576-7
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Recent anatomic investigations of the lateral structures of the knee have rediscovered a ligament, called the antero-lateral ligament (ALL). Methods: Ten specimens of ALL (6 M, 4 F, mean age 82.3) were sampled from bodies of the Body Donation program of the University of Padova for histological and immuno-histochemical studies. Moreover, a retrospective magnetic resonance (MR) study was carried out in 50 patients (30 M, 20 F, mean age 37.5). MR exams with a normal anatomo-radiological report were selected. Results: From the microscopic point of view the ALL corresponds to a dense connective tissue (mean thickness 893 ± 423 µm), and is composed by collagen I (90 %), collagen III (5 %) and collagen VI (3 %) and scarce elastic fibers (<1 %). On MR exams, ALL appears as a thin linear structure, originating at the lateral epicondyle, running obliquely downwards and forwards, and inserting in the middle third (46 %) or inferior third (14 %) of lateral meniscus and in the lateral aspect of the proximal tibia. It was observed in 47 cases (93 %), with a mean length of 32 ± 4.6 mm and mean thickness of 1.1 ± 0.4 mm. The ALL showed low signal intensity on both T1- and T2-weighted sequences. Conclusion: The ALL shows the typical structure of a fibrous ligament. From the anatomo-radiological point of view the ALL is almost constantly depicted by routine 1.5-T MR scan.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1566-9
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Unexpected clinical outcomes following transection of single nerves of the internal acoustic meatus have been reported. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate interneural connections between the nervus intermedius and the adjacent nerves in the cerebellopontine angle. Methods: On 100 cadaveric sides, dissections were made of the facial/vestibulocochlear complex in the cerebellopontine angle with special attention to the nervus intermedius and potential connections between this nerve and the adjacent facial or vestibulocochlear nerves. Results: A nervus intermedius was identified on all but ten sides. Histologically confirmed neural connections were found between the nervus intermedius and either the facial or vestibulocochlear nerves on 34 % of sides. The mean diameter of these small interconnecting nerves was 0.1 mm. The fiber orientation of these nerves was usually oblique (anteromedial or posterolateral) in nature, but 13 connections traveled anteroposteriorly. Connecting fibers were single on 81 % of sides, doubled on 16 %, and tripled on 3 %, six sides had connections both with the facial nerve anteriorly and the vestibular nerves posteriorly. On 6.5 % of sides, a connection was between the nervus intermedius and cochlear nerve. For vestibular nerve connections with the nervus intermedius, 76 % were with the superior vestibular nerve and 24 % with the inferior vestibular nerve. Conclusions: Knowledge of the possible neural interconnections found between the nervus intermedius and surrounding nerves may prove useful to surgeons who operate in these regions so that inadvertent traction or transection is avoided. Additionally, unanticipated clinical presentations and exams following surgery may be due to such neural interconnections.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1571-z

  • Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1567-8
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    ABSTRACT: There are numerous injection materials for the study of vasculature in anatomical specimens, each having its own advantages and disadvantages. Latex and resins are the most widely used injection materials but need several days to set. The development of new materials taking shorter time to polymerize might be very useful to improve anatomic specimen study conditions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate vinyl polysiloxane (VPS), a silicon material widely used for dental impressions with the advantage to set very rapidly, as an injection material. We assessed the preparation, use, diffusion and setting time of the product in different anatomical regions (central nervous system, external carotid/jugular, lower limb) to observe its behavior in variably sized vessels. Our results suggest that VPS might be of interest for the study of vessels in anatomical specimens. The main strengths of the product are represented by (1) simplicity of use, as it is a ready-to-use material, (2) very rapid polymerization, (3) availability in a range of viscosities making easier the exploration of small vessels, (4) its better elasticity compared to resines, (5) and finally its availability in a range of colors making it a material of choice for vascular system dissections including those with very small caliber vessels.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1568-7
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Coracobrachialis (CBM) is a complex muscle with a wide range of variations in its morphology and innervation. The goal of this study was to elucidate the morphology, morphometry, gender differences of CBM and precise anatomical position of the musculocutaneous nerve (MCN) with reference to surrounding anatomical landmarks in an adult Sri Lankan population. Method: Cadaveric upper limbs (n = 312) were examined for the proximal and distal attachments, length, width, thickness of CBM and its relationship with the MCN. Results: The CBM originated from the tip of the coracoid process of the scapula and lateral, posterior and medial aspects of the tendon of short head of biceps brachii. Gender differences were observed in all morphometrical parameters of CBM. In 83.33 %, MCN perforated the CBM. In 50 % the MCN pierced the middle one-third of CBM while none pierced the lower one-third. The distance from the coracoid process to the point of entry of MCN into CBM (distance P) was 50.62 mm. A positive correlation was observed between the arm length and distance P indicating that arm length provides an accurate and reliable means of gauging the distance P of an individual. Conclusion: The present study provides new evidence pertaining to the origin of CBM. Further, it was revealed that the predicted distance P of any upper extremity can be calculated by dividing the arm length by 5. Precise anatomical location of MCN in relation to CBM using unequivocal and well-defined anatomical landmarks will be imperative in modern surgical procedures.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1564-y
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    ABSTRACT: The mental foramen and mental nerve are clinically important landmarks for clinicians across various disciplines including dentists, oral maxillofacial surgeons, emergency physicians and plastic and reconstructive surgeons. To minimize complications related to procedures in the vicinity of the mental foramen and nerve, knowledge of its anatomy and anatomical variations is cardinal to concerned clinicians. In this review, basic anatomy, procedural complications, hard and soft tissue relations, variations between population groups, asymmetry, accessory mental foramina and the use of various radiological modalities to determine the position of the mental foramen are reviewed to provide a more thorough understanding of this important landmark.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1565-x
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    ABSTRACT: This case reports a bilateral asymmetrical posterior extension of the frontal sinuses into the orbital roof with an unusual expansion into the roof of the optic canal in a 55-year-old male cadaver. The posterior extensions of the sinus were lined by mucoperiosteum and were separated from the underlying orbital contents and optic nerve by a thin plate of bone. This knowledge of an unusual anatomic variation of the frontal sinus may help understand better the ocular and intracranial complications associated with frontal sinus pathologies.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1560-2
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    ABSTRACT: Purpuse: The aim of this paper is to analyze if the anatomy type of the collector system (CS) limits the accessibility of flexible ureteroscopy (FUR) in the lower pole. Methods: We analyzed the pyelographies of 51 patients submitted to FUR and divided the CS into four groups: A1-kidney midzone (KM) drained by minor calices (Mc) that are dependent on the superior or on the inferior caliceal groups; A2-KM drained by crossed calices; B1-KM drained by a major caliceal group independent both of the superior and inferior groups, and B2-KM drained by Mc entering directly into the renal pelvis. We studied the number of calices, the angle between the lower infundibulum and renal pelvis, and the angle between the lower infundibulum and the inferior Mc. With the use of a flexible ureteroscope, the access attempt was made to all of lower pole calices. Averages were statistically compared using the ANOVA and Unpaired T test (p < 0.05). Results: We found 14 kidneys of A1 (27.45 %); 4 of A2 (7.84 %); 17 of B1 (33.33 %); and 16 of B2 (31.37 %). The LIP was >90° in 31 kidneys (60.78 %) and between 61° and 90° in 20 kidneys (39.22 %). We did not find angles smaller than 60°. The group A1 presented 48 Mc and the UF was able to access 42 (87.5 %); the group A2 had 11 Mc and the UF was able to access 7 (63.64 %); the group B1 had 48 Mc and the UF was able to access 41 (85.42 %) and in group B2 we observed 41 Mc and the UF could access 35 (85.36 %). There was no statistical difference in the accessibility between the groups (p = 0.2610). Conclusions: Collecting system with kidney midzone drained by crossed calices presented the lower accessibility rate during FUR.
    Anatomia Clinica 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00276-015-1562-0