Pathology & Oncology Research (PATHOL ONCOL RES)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

POR is devoted especially to basic problems of Pathology and Oncology, together with related clinical and clinicopathological aspects; is a forum for high quality papers from all over the world, including, naturally, our closer geographical area; entertains teaching material from internationally recognized experts. (The only restriction: manuscripts must be in English.)

Current impact factor: 1.86

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.855
2013 Impact Factor 1.806
2012 Impact Factor 1.555
2011 Impact Factor 1.366
2010 Impact Factor 1.483
2009 Impact Factor 1.152
2008 Impact Factor 1.26
2007 Impact Factor 1.272
2006 Impact Factor 1.241
2005 Impact Factor 1.162

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.67
Cited half-life 4.20
Immediacy index 0.45
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.41
Website Pathology and Oncology Research website
Other titles Pathology oncology research (Online), Pathology and oncology research, POR, Pathology & oncology research
ISSN 1219-4956
OCLC 41429364
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
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    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Runx family of transcription factors has been implicated in cancer progression, both positively and negatively. Recent studies assigned a role for Runx2 in promoting breast cancer metastasis. However, the role of Runx2 during the early stage of breast carcinoma and its association with clinical outcomes remain unknown. Assessing the clinicopathological significance of Runx2 expression in a cohort of breast invasive ductal carcinomas (IDC). The correlation of nuclear Runx2 LI with clinicopathological parameters was assessed in 84 IDCs. To study the association of Runx2 with patient outcomes, in addition to treating it as a continuous variable, Runx2 was categorized by its median value (65) and by an additional two cut-off points determined by ROC curve analyses, at 45 for disease free survival (DFS) and 40 for overall survival (OS). Multivariate Cox regression models were also constructed. We used the best subset regression to identify models that predict DFS and OS with as few predictors as possible, and validation was performed. Based on the "Predicted R(2)", the three best models were identified. Using Cox-regression, the interaction between Runx2 and other clinicopathological terms was tested. Runx2 LI was significantly associated only with positive Her-2 status, and did not correlate significantly with other clinicopathological parameters. Although Runx2 LI, in the continuous form and when categorized by the median, did not correlate significantly with DFS and OS; after it was categorized using the optimal cut-off points determined using ROC curve analysis, the patients with Runx2 LI >45 % showed a significantly higher event rate and shorter DFS (P = 0.047), whereas patients with Runx2 LI >40 % showed a significantly shorter OS (P = 0.050). Moreover, Runx2 LI contributed significantly in the models built to predict DFS and OS. For DFS, no interaction terms contributed significantly to the models. However, among stage IV cases, the interaction term between centred Runx2 and ER significantly contributed to the prediction of OS. Runx2 was a significant predictor of OS in this model. Runx2 has a role in biological behaviour and affects the outcome of IDC; therefore, its inhibition may be a new therapeutic strategy. The predictability of Runx2 for OS in stage IV tumours differs with different ER states. The pattern of this difference was not determined because the sample size was not sufficient to allow pattern testing.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-0018-5
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    ABSTRACT: The prognostic variability recorded within homogeneous groups of patients for anatomo-clinical disease stages has led to a more detailed biological characterization of breast cancer. Recently, the attention of the scientific community has focused on the role of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs). Therefore, the need of an in-depth immunomorphological characterization of TILs has been emerged. The presence of TILs has been retrospectively investigated in 113 female cases of ductal carcinoma. An immunohistochemical investigation with CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD56, granulysin, perforin-1, granzyme-B and TIA-1 was performed according to the standard procedures on all 17 cases with TILs evidence. TILs consisted of T and B lymphocytes: the prevalent population showed a T immunoprofile with a CD8-immunopositive killer subpopulation (Tk), close-linked to carcinomatous cells, and a CD4-immunopositive helper subpopulation (Th), inside the tumor. A time sequence (firstly T, then B) has been disclosed. Granulysin, perforin, granzyme-B and TIA-1 were expressed by Tk cells. The activated Tk cells secrete these mediators as a result of the binding to the tumor target cell, causing its lytic planned death. The cytotoxicity supported by Tk cells appears an important favorable prognostic factor. Therefore, a graduation system for TILs in breast cancer has been here proposed (absent, non-brisk, brisk).
    Pathology & Oncology Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-0024-7
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and lethal human cancers. Recently, exome sequencing has revealed that mutation of ARID1A is frequent in HCC. Herein, we determined the clinicopathologic significance of ARID1A expression in HCC. We detected the level of mRNA and protein expression of ARID1A in 12 paired HCC tumors and adjacent non-cancerous tissues by quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC). In addition, we determined the expression of BAF250a on 121 HCC tumors by IHC and assessed the association between BAF250a expression and clinicopathologic and prognostic features. The levels of ARID1A mRNA were significantly elevated in 10 of 12 HCC tumors compared with adjacent non-cancerous tissues. The level of BAF250a protein expression was higher in 10 of 12 HCC tumors compared with adjacent liver tissues. IHC indicated that 12.17 % of HCC tumors (14/115) were BAF250a-negative. Loss of BAF250a was significantly associated with larger tumor size, but not associated with other clinicopathologic features. There was no significant difference in disease-free or overall survival between BAF250a-positive and BAF250a-negative patients. Most HCCs had an increased level of ARID1A mRNA and BAF250a expression. Loss of BAF250a was significantly more frequent in larger HCC tumors, but had no prognostic significance.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-0022-9
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    ABSTRACT: Augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR) contributes to mitochondrial biogenesis, maintenance and to the physiological operation of mitochondria. The depletion of ALR has been widely studied and had serious consequences on the mitochondrial functions. However the inverse direction, the effect of the depletion of mitochondrial electron transfer chain and mtDNA on ALR expression has not been investigated yet. Thus mtDNA depleted, ρ(0) cell line was prepared to investigate the role of mitochondrial electron transfer chain and mtDNA on ALR expression. The depletion of mtDNA has not caused any difference at mRNA level, but at protein level the expression of ALR has been markedly increased. The regulatory role of ATP and ROS levels could be ruled out because the treatment of the parental cell line with different respiratory inhibitors and uncoupling agent could not provoke any changes in the protein level of ALR. The effect of mtDNA depletion on the protein level of ALR has been proved not to be liver specific, since the phenomenon could be observed in the case of two other, non-hepatic cell lines. It seems the level of mtDNA and/or its products may have regulatory role on the protein level of ALR. The up-regulation of ALR can be a part of the adaptive response in ρ(0) cells that preserves the structural integrity and the transmembrane potential despite the absence of protein components encoded by the mtDNA.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-0020-y
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous or induced malignant lymphomas in mice are valuable tools for studying human lymphoproliferative diseases, including the mechanism of migration between peripheral lymphoid organs and positioning within distinct tissue compartments. Here we report the isolation and characterization of a novel spontaneous lymphoma from BALB/c mice showing restricted tissue distribution and metastasis. The lymphoma cells display CD19, B220, MHC II, surface IgG2a/kappa chain with VH7183 rearrangement of the IgH gene, indicating their B-cell origin. Serial intraperitoneal injection of primary tumor into both BALB/c and RAG-1-deficient hosts led to the successful propagation of lymphoma. Despite the cytological characteristics of high-grade follicular B-cell lymphoma, the tumor cells (denoted as Bc-DLFL.1) showed significantly lesser spreading to extraabdominal locations upon intraperitoneal passage compared to splenic and mesenteric lymph node expansion. In mesenteric lymph nodes the high endothelial venules contained only few tumor cells, while the lymphatic vessels were almost completely filled with lymphoma cells. Similarly, the LYVE-1-positive lymphatic capillaries within the mesentery were packed with lymphoma cells. These findings suggest that Bc-DLFL.1 cells likely propagate primarily via the lymphatic circulation within the mesentery, therefore this tumor may offer an in vivo model to investigate the tumor cell migration via the lymphatic circulation from the peritoneal cavity.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-0025-6
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    ABSTRACT: Various histopathological parameters have been extensively studied for prognostication of oral cancer but the focus is now getting diverted towards the role of inflammatory mediators in cancer progression. The present study was undertaken to evaluate two such components of the inflammatory milieu, tumor-associated tissue eosinophilia (TATE) as well as Cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene expression, quantitatively in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients in relation to treatment outcomes and patterns of recurrence. A total of forty five patients with primary OSCC matching our inclusion criteria were selected for the study and followed up over a five year period. TATE was evaluated from the invasive front of the tumor using Haematoxylin and eosin (H & E) stained sections of histopathological specimens and graded as mild, moderate or intense. COX-2 gene expression was obtained from specimens using the reverse transcriptase - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. A statistically significant association was observed between degree of TATE and locoregional recurrence (P < 0.001). The expression of COX-2 gene ranged from 0.4326 to 0.9998 and a higher mean COX-2 score was recorded in samples with intense degree of TATE followed by moderate and mild TATE. (P < 0.001). Using the t-test, the difference in mean COX-2 was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.001) between patients who developed locoregional recurrence and those who did not. The analysis of TATE may provide an indication of future recurrence at the time of diagnosis of OSCC. Also, the increased expression of COX-2 gene in OSCC strongly suggests its possible use as a chemopreventive/chemotherapeutic target.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-0016-7
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    ABSTRACT: As a co-receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) plays an important role in angiogenesis and malignant progression of many human cancers. However, the role of NRP-1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well understood. The study aimed to detected the expression of Neuropilin-1 in HCC and investigate the association between its expression and the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of HCC. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), Western blot, Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry (IHC) analyses were performed to characterize the expression of NRP-1 in HCC cell lines and tissues. The association of NRP-1 expression with the clinicopathological characteristics and the prognosis was subsequently assessed. qRT-PCR and Western blot assays revealed that the expression of NRP-1 in HCC was significantly increased relative to that of normal live cells and tissues (P < 0.05,and <0.001, respectively). In addition, high expression of NRP-1 was significantly associated with intrahepatic metastasis (P = 0.036), Edmondson grade (P = 0.007), TNM classification (P = 0.0031), and portal vein invasion (P = 0.004). Furthermore, the HCC patients with high NRP-1 expression had shorter overall survival (OS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS), whereas, patients with low NRP-1 expression had better OS and RFS (P = 0.0035, and 0.0048, respectively). These data indicate that NRP-1 expression may play an important role in the progression of HCC, and that high NRP-1 expression suggests unfavorable clinicopathological characteristics and survival in HCC patients.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-0003-z
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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancer (BC) prognosis and risk were associated to obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Two Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) of the adrenergic receptor-2a gene (ADRA2A): rs1800544 and rs553668, have been associated to these metabolic disorders. We investigated these SNPs in BC risk and prognosis. A total of 102 BC patients and 102 healthy controls were included. The rs1800544 and rs553668 were determined by real-time PCR. Genotypes and haplotypes frequencies between patients and controls, and for different clinico-pathologic parameters were compared. We found a significant association of rs1800544 GG genotype with young age at diagnosis, premenopausal status, higher tumor size, metastasis in lymph nodes, advanced TNM stages and higher Nottingham Prognosis Indicator (NPI) (p < 0.05). There was no association between rs1800544 and SBR stages, Her2, ER and PR statuses and the molecular classification. The rs553668 AA genotype was associated to young age at diagnosis and premenopausal status (p < 0.05). The haplotype GA was associated to the early age of diagnosis (p = 0.03), and the haplotype GG to higher tumor size, lymph node involvement, advanced TNM stages and Her2 positive status (p < 0.05). There was no polymorphism or haplotype association with BC risk (p > 0.05). ADRA2A polymorphism is associated with indicators BC poor prognosis but not with BC susceptibility. This is the first report suggesting that ADRA2A germline gene polymorphism could represent a predictor factor for BC outcome. Further investigation of other ADRA2A polymorphisms in BC risk or prognosis are needed and may lead to a genotype-based therapy.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-0010-0
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    ABSTRACT: The Gleason score (GS) to date remains one of the most reliable prognostic predictors in prostate cancer (PCa). However, the majority of studies supporting its prognostic relevance were performed prior to its modification by the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) in 2005. Furthermore, the combination of Gleason grading and nuclear/nucleolar subgrading (Helpap score) has been shown to essentially improve grading concordance between biopsy and radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens. This prompted us to investigate the modified GS and combigrading (Gleason/Helpap score) in association with clinicopathological features, biochemical recurrence (BCR), and survival. Core needle biopsies and corresponding RP specimens from 580 patients diagnosed with PCa between 2005 and 2010 were evaluated. According to the modified GS, the comparison between biopsy and RP samples resulted in an upgrading from GS 6 to GS 7a and GS 7b in 65 % and 19 %, respectively. Combigrading further resulted in an upgrading from low grade (GS 6/2a) to intermediate grade PCa (GS 6/2b) in 11.1 % and from intermediate grade (GS 6/2b) to high grade PCa (GS 7b/2b) in 22.6 %. Overall, well-differentiated PCa (GS 6/2a) was detected in 2.8 % of RP specimens, while intermediate grade (GS 6/2b and GS 7a/2b) and high grade cancers (≥ GS 7b) accounted for 39.5 % and 57.4 % of cases, respectively. At a mean follow-up of 3.9 years, BCR was observed in 17.6 % of patients with intermediate (9.8 %) or high grade PCa (30.2 %), while PSA relapse did not occur in GS 6/2a PCa. In conclusion, adding nuclear/nucleolar subgrading to the modified GS allowed for a more accurate distinction between low and intermediate grade PCa, therefore offering a valuable tool for the identification of patients eligible for active surveillance (AS).
    Pathology & Oncology Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-0013-x
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    ABSTRACT: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, highly aggressive skin tumour. In 2008, a Merkel cell polyomavirus (MC) was identified in MCCs as a potential etiological factor of MCC. The aims of this retrospective study were to investigate the epidemiological, clinicopathological and virological features of MCCs. Between 2007 and 2012, 11 patients had been diagnosed with MCC by histological methods in University of Pécs, Hungary. In eight MCC cases MC was tested by PCR (in primary skin lesions, lymph nodes/cutan metastases, MCC neighboring carcinomas). Clinicopathological characteristics (age, histological pattern, lymphovascular invasion, co-morbidities) of MC-positive and MC-negative cases were compared. MC was detected in three (37.5 %) out of eight patients' primary tumour or metastasis. The average age was 73.8 (64.3 in MC-positive group). Except the youngest, 55 year-old patient (the primary tumour appeared on his leg), all tumours were found at the head and neck region. Immunosuppression (steroid therapy, chronic lymphoid leukaemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and/or old age were characteristic for all cases. Histological pattern was different in MC-positive and in MC-negative groups: MCCs with MC showed more homogeneous histological pattern, lack of lymphovascular invasion and were associated with better prognosis (mortality rate: 33 % versus 80 %). MCC associated with oncogenic virus is a newly recognized clinical entity. However, MC could not be detected in all histologically proven MCCs. The well-defined selection of patients/disease groups and better characterization of differences between MC-positive and negative cases is an important step towards the recognition of the etiology and pathogenesis of all MCCs.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-9974-z
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    ABSTRACT: Id (DNA binding and/or differentiation) proteins occur physiologically during ontogenesis and negatively regulate the activity of other helix-loop-helix (HLH) proteins. Id2 protein causes block of cells differentiation in the S phase of the cell cycle and regulates the activity of Rb protein. The role of Id2 protein in physiological cell cycle progression and in neuroblastoma (NBL) pathogenesis was proposed by Lasorella. The aim of the study was evaluation of Id2 expression and its prognostic significance in NBL cells coming from primary tumors and evaluation of its prognostic significance, and correlation of Id2 expression with known prognostic factors. Sixty patients with primary NBL treated from 1991 to 2005 were included in the analysis. We found 50 patients with high and 10 patients with low intensity of Id2 expression. The median percentage of NBL cells with Id2 expression was 88 %. We found no correlation between the number of NBL cells or the intensity of Id2 expression and OS and DFS. In patients with stage 4 NBL, almost all patients had high expression of Id2 and it was significantly more common than in other disease stages (p = 0,03). We found no correlation between Id2 expression and other known prognostic factor in NBL patients. We assume that Id2 is not prognostic factor. However, due to its abundant expression in most of NBL cells and its role in cell cycle, it may be potential therapeutic target. Exact knowledge of expression time may be helpful in explaining mechanisms of oncogenesis.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 03/2015; 21(4). DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-9908-9
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    ABSTRACT: To identify patients who actually need a re - biopsy, based on alterations in PSA readings after 6-month treatment with Dutasteride. We also sought to bring out the most beneficial re-biopsy scheme. We have reviewed the records of patients with persistently elevated PSA and at least one set of TRUS biopsies. Patients who were treated with alpha -blockers/Dutasteride combination were considered as the study group, while patients in control received alpha-blockers alone. Patients in both groups underwent re-biopsy 6 months later. The two protocols of re-biopsies were used at that time: 20-24 cores saturation transrectal (ST)) and ≥40 cores saturation transperineal template-guided (STT) biopsies. One hundred thirty-three patients were included in this study. In 86.7 % of the patients in the study group mean PSA decreased from 7.4 ± 2.69 to 4.037 ± 1.53 (p-0.001). The overall cancer detection rate was 29 % (n-39: 19 v/s 20, control and study groups, respectively). In the study group PSA decreased to 26.73 ± 11.26 % in patients with cancer, compared with 40.54 ± 13.3 % in patients without. It must be emphasized that STT-biopsies detected significantly more cancers (38.46 v/s 20.59 %, p- 0.005). Mean cores number got to 21 ± 2.45 and 45 ± 5.65 in ST and STT biopsies, respectively. Six-month treatment with Dutasteride decreases PSA readings in 86.7 % of the patients. A PSA decline of less than 40% (cutoff) should be considered as an indicator for re-biopsy. Transperineal template-guided biopsies had a higher cancer detection rate.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 03/2015; 21(4). DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-9910-2
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    ABSTRACT: To correlate the molecular data to the clinicopathological parameters in Bulgarian prostate cancer patients. PCA3 overexpression, TMPRSS2-ERG gene fusion, GSTP1 promoter hypermethylation, somatic mutations in the AR gene and the IVS1-27G > A polymorphism in the KLF6 gene were studied. A total of 148 patients were analyzed: 16 aggressive PCa, 83 non-aggressive PCa, 25 BPH and 24 chronic inflammatory diseases. Real-time RT-PCR, DNA sequencing, and bisulfite conversion of DNA, were applied. All cases with aggressive PCa before treatment were tested positive for PCA3 overexpression, expression of a T2-ERG gene fusion product and GSTP1 promoter hypermethylation. No somatic mutations were detected in the AR gene and all patients showed normal KLF6-IVS1-27G > A genotype. The TMPRSS2-ERG positive status correlates with moderate to poorly differentiated prostate tumors and it is considered as unfavorable disease predictor. Positive GSTP1 promoter hypermethylation seems to be highly specific and the earliest epigenetic change in the prostate gland, which indicates the beginning of the pathological process. The appearance of positive molecular markers in blood was considered as a predictor of PCa dissemination. GSTP1 promoter hypermethylation was found as the earliest and a long-lasting epigenetic marker in blood samples of PCa patients, which makes it suitable as a marker for treatment follow-up. The molecular profile of prostate cancer needs to be strictly monitored during the course of disease treatment, which is of a great help in determining the patient's individual therapy response.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 03/2015; 21(4). DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-9915-x
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    ABSTRACT: The evaluation of the effects of 1-year endocrine therapy (NET) was aimed at. A retrospective analysis of 42 cases with 46 stage II-III invasive, hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancers was performed. One-year NET was planned with letrozole (n = 33, postmenopausal group), or with goserelin plus letrozole (n = 7) or with goserelin plus tamoxifen (n = 2) (premenopausal group). Surgery was performed in accordance with the initial stage and the response to therapy. With regard to the tumor remaining in the surgical specimen, risk groups were constructed: Group 1: stage 0, pathological complete regression (pCR); Group 2: stages IA-IIA; Group 3: stages ≥IIB + cases with clinical progression. Due to local progression, NET was replaced by neoadjuvant chemotherapy in three patients (four tumors). In two postmenopausal patients, letrozole was replaced by tamoxifen because of the insufficient treatment effect. In 19/42 cases, breast-conserving surgery was performed. Within Group 1, there was no cancer in four cases, while only DCIS remained in 2 (pCR: 13 %); Groups 2 and 3 comprised 25 and 15 cases, respectively. The likeliness of a good response (Groups 1 and 2 vs. Group 3) to NET was increased by 7 % for every 1 % increase of the expression of ER (OR = 1.070; 95 % CI: 1.007-1.138, p = 0.029). Progression-free survival differed according to treatment response (p = 0.001). The post-therapy Ki67 value of ≤15 % had only a marginal effect on survival. No other associations were detected between the tumor characteristics and the therapeutic response or survival. Long-duration NET is effective and safe in cases of hormone-sensitive breast cancer.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 03/2015; 21(4). DOI:10.1007/s12253-015-9911-1