Applied Bionics and Biomechanics

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Journal description

Applied Bionics and Biomechanics is an international, peer reviewed journal of advanced technological developments based on the science of biological systems. The Journal is aimed at researchers and practitioners in the fields of biomechanics, bioengineering and synthetic biological systems, biomedical engineering, biomimetics, cybernetics and robotics; developers, manufacturers and distributors of applied bionic technology products; and public policy planners and administrators in the areas of technology and health. While artificial body parts and related devices (both implantable and extracorporeal) are a strong focus, other applications of synthetic bionic systems also fall within the scope of the journal, particularly those that are medically-oriented. Issues of public policy relating to developments in bionics, as well as basic research underlying this emerging science, are within the Journal's scope, provided basic research is accompanied by well-reasoned extrapolation and discussion of potential practical implications for advancing bionics technologies.

Current impact factor: 0.47

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 0.47
2012 Impact Factor 0.483

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 3.60
Immediacy index 0.12
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Applied Bionics and Biomechanics website
ISSN 1176-2322
OCLC 71284562
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals or 18 months embargo for SSH journals
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 10/2014; 11(3):119-134.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Bone diseases caused by an imbalance of bone turnover represent a major public health concern worldwide. Studies involving bone remodelling mechanisms can assist in the treatment of osteoporosis, osteopenia and in cases of fractures. In recent decades several authors have developed bone remodelling models. AIM: The aim of this study is to propose a model based on the thermodynamic framework to describe the process of bone remodelling. A secondary aim is to model a trabecula subjected to cyclic loading and calibrate the model with experimental data. METHODS: Thermodynamic potentials are used to generate the functions of state based on internal scalar variables. The evolution of the variables in time is determined by dissipation potentials, which are created through the use of convex analysis. Constitutive equations are solved with mathematical programming algorithms and the numerical implementation of this theory uses the Finite Elements Method for spatial discretization. RESULTS: The proposed theory was applied to a one-dimensional example, and two situations (an undamaged material and an initially damaged material) were simulated. The one-dimensional example shows a microscopic view of a trabecula under the influence of a growing load cycle throughout 1200 days. This dynamic process may represent the rehabilitation of an athlete, starting with light exercises up to a very heavy physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: The model was able to represent one bone remodelling cycle in the trabecula. Although it is not yet possible to obtain an experimental curve of a traction test in vivo, the in silico model showed a process of damage that is similar to the static test of the literature. The results also suggest a modification in the equation adopted for the Helmholtz potential shown here. This study presents a consistent thermodynamic formalism for bone remodelling, which may allow further contributions as the incorporation of chemical reactions, mass transference and anisotropic damage.
    Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 03/2014; 10:175.
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    ABSTRACT: There are few reports on the biomechanical analysis of the animal humerus. In this study, a three-dimensional finite element model of the bovine humerus was created, and loaded with the physiological forces acting when the cow is falling or jumping (weight and impact forces). Subsequently the corresponding stress and strain distribution in the humerus for different inclined positions of bone was determined. The highest stress concentration occurred in the distal humeral diaphysis, both when only the reaction and load transfer forces were considered and when muscle forces were included too, although when muscle forces were included these maximum stresses decreased. In the distal humeral diaphysis, an increase was also observed in the cortical thickness; this may be a bone adaptation to reduce the maximum stresses. By understanding these bone adaptation processes at regional level, non-pharmacological treatments to some bone pathologies could be developed, mainly the ones characterized by loss of bone mass. Furthermore, taking into account both the humerus fracture strength and the maximum force that muscles can make without breaking, it is deduced that during jumping or falling the cow must maintain the humerus as vertical as possible to better bear the impact. This is in congruity with what was observed. The interest of this study is in improving the knowledge of animal humerus biomechanics and its application in orthopaedic design and surgical treatments.
    Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 01/2014; 11(1-2):13-24.
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To observe and analyse the literature on the use of surface electromyography electrodes, including the shape, size, and metal composition of the electrodes used, the interelectrode distance, and the anatomical locations on the muscle at which the electrodes are placed, for the observation of the triceps brachii muscle activity in patients and athletes. METHODS: We searched the ScienceDirect and SpringerLink online databases for articles published in the English language during the last six years (between January 2008 and December 2013). We specifically searched for the keywords “EMG” and “triceps brachii” in the full text of each of the articles. The inclusion criteria were articles on the use of surface electromyography electrodes to observe the activity of the triceps brachii muscle in patients and athletes. RESULTS: In the 23 selected articles, the activities of the triceps brachii muscle in a total of 402 subjects were measured using surface electromyography electrodes: 262 subjects in the studies that focused on the rehabilitation of patients with various disorders, and 140 subjects in the studies that focused on the sports performance of various athletes. To record the surface electromyography activity of the triceps brachii muscle, the electrodes were placed over the muscle belly or the three heads (lateral, long, and medial) of the triceps brachii muscle with diverse interelectrode distances. Seventeen studies used bipolar or triode silver/silver chloride electrodes, one study utilised bipolar gold electrodes, one study applied bipolar polycarbonate electrodes, one study used a linear array of four silver bar electrodes, one study utilised DELSYS parallel bar nickel silver electrodes, and two studies did not clearly mention the composition of the electrodes used. CONCLUSIONS: Bipolar silver/silver chloride circular-shaped electrodes are utilised more frequently than electrodes with a different metal composition and shape. The anatomical locations of the triceps brachii muscle that mainly considered for electrode placement are the lateral, long, and medial heads. A 10-mm electrode size is commonly used to measure the sEMG activity more efficiently. However, we found that an electrode size of up to 40 mm may be used to reliably measure the sEMG activity on the triceps brachii muscle. A 20-mm interelectrode distance is commonly used to measure the sEMG activity using the above mentioned muscle locations and silver/silver chloride electrodes. We also identified others factors that should be taken into account for the use of the sEMG recording technique on the triceps brachii under real-time conditions.
    Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 01/2014;
  • Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: An analysis is carried out for the peristaltic flow in an inclined asymmetric channel when no-slip condition does not hold. The whole analysis has been carried out in the presence of mass transfer and chemical reaction. The channel asymmetry is generated because of peristaltic wave train on the walls through different amplitudes and phases. Long wavelength and low Reynolds number assumption is adopted in the whole mathematical analysis. Expressions for the stream function and longitudinal pressure gradient have been developed. Numerical integration is performed for the analysis of pressure rise per wavelength. Longitudinal velocity, pumping and trapping phenomena are analyzed in detail via plots.
    Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 01/2013; 10(1):41-58.
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    ABSTRACT: Spring brake orthotic swing phase for paraplegic gait is initiated through releasing the brake on the knee mounted with a torsion spring. The stored potential energy in the spring, gained from the previous swing phase, is solely responsible for swing phase knee flexion. Hence the later part of the SBO operation, functional electrical stimulation FES assisted extension movement of the knee has to serve an additional purpose of restoring the spring potential energy on the fly. While control of FES induced movement as such is often a challenging task, a torsion spring, being antagonistically paired up with the muscle actuator, as in spring brake orthosis SBO, only adds to the challenge. Two new schemes are proposed for the control of FES induced knee extension movement in SBO assisted swing phase. Even though the control schemes are closed-loop in nature, special attention is paid to accommodate the natural dynamics of the mechanical combination being controlled the leg segment as a major role playing feature. The schemes are thus found to be immune from some drawbacks associated with both closed-loop tracking as well as open-loop control of FES induced movement. A leg model including the FES knee joint model of the knee extensor muscle vasti along with the passive properties is used in the simulation. The optimized parameters for the SBO spring are obtained from the earlier part of this work. Genetic algorithm GA and multi-objective GA MOGA are used to optimize the parameters associated with the control schemes with minimum fatigue as one of the control objectives. The control schemes are evaluated in terms of three criteria based on their ability to cope with muscle fatigue.
    Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 07/2012; 9(3):317-331.
  • Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 06/2012; 9:173-179.
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    ABSTRACT: Human-robot interaction has been going stronger and stronger, up to find a notorious level on brain-machines interfaces. This assistive technology offers a great hope for patients suffering severe neuromuscular disorders. Starting from the current limitations hindering its extensive application outside the research laboratories, this paper reviews findings and prospects on functional magnetic resonance imaging showing how fMRI can help to overcome those limitations, while playing a key role on improving the development of brain-machine interfaces based on electroencephalography. The different types of derived benefits for this interfaces, as well as the different kinds of impact on their components, are presented under a field classification that reveals the distinctive roles that fMRI can play on the present context. The review concludes that fMRI provides complementary knowledge of immediate application, and that a greater profit could be obtained from the own EEG signal by integrating both neuroimaging modalities.
    Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 04/2012; 9(2):125-133.
  • Applied Bionics and Biomechanics 01/2012; 9:69-83.