The Spanish Journal of Psychology (SPAN J PSYCHOL )

Publisher: Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Facultad de Psicología


Su objetivo es promover la difusión internacional de investigaciones empíricas y propuestas metodológicas relevantes en varias áreas de investigación dentro de la psicología.

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  • Website
    Spanish Journal of Psychology website
  • Other titles
    Spanish journal of psychology (Online)
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    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract In Study 1, we tested a model in which two job demands (i.e., changes in tasks and ambiguities about work) and organizational resources (i.e., interpersonal and informational justice) influence work engagement through the satisfaction of individuals’ psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. In Study 2, we examined the indirect effects of the same job demands and organizational resources on burnout through need thwarting. We also examined the mediating role of organizational resources in the relationships of changes in tasks and ambiguities about work to need satisfaction (Study 1) and need thwarting (Study 2). Structural equation modeling performed on cross-sectional data collected from 461 workers in Study 1 and 708 employees in Study 2 provided support for the hypothesized models. Specifically, results revealed that changes in tasks and ambiguities about work have direct and indirect effects (via organizational resources) on psychological need satisfaction and need thwarting, which in turn positively predicted work engagement and burnout, respectively. Research implications and study limitations are discussed.
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology 01/2015;
  • The Spanish Journal of Psychology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A percepção dos trabalhadores de que a sua experiência de trabalho enriquece a sua vida familiar tem sido considerada um mecanismo que desencadeia atitudes positivas face às organizações nas quais trabalham. No entanto, porque os homens e as mulheres encaram o trabalho e a família de forma distinta, o género, enquanto construção social, pode condicionar esta relação entre o enriquecimento trabalho-família e as atitudes dos trabalhadores. Com uma amostra de 1885 trabalhadores de uma instituição bancária portuguesa, com 802 mulheres, este estudo analisou a relação entre o enriquecimento trabalho-família e o compromisso afectivo para com a organização e o papel do sexo como variável moderadora desta relação. As hipóteses foram testadas através de análises de regressão. Os resultados mostraram, como esperado, que eram os trabalhadores que consideravam que o seu trabalho enriquecia a sua vida familiar, os que demonstravam mais compromisso afectivo para com a organização. Por outro lado, esta relação era mais forte para as mulheres do que para os homens. Os resultados deste estudo poderão contribuir para que os gestores, e em particular os gestores de recursos humanos, fiquem a compreender melhor as repercussões do enriquecimento do trabalho na família para a ligação afectiva dos trabalhadores com a organização na qual trabalham.
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Workers’ perception that their job experience enriches their family life has been considered a mechanism that explains their positive attitudes toward the organization where they work. However, because women and men live their work and family differently, gender may condition this relationship between the work-family enrichment and workers’ attitudes. With a sample of 1885 workers from one Portuguese bank, with 802 women, the current study investigated the relationship between work-family enrichment and organizational affective commitment as well as the role of sex as a moderator of this relationship. The hypotheses were tested by using regression analysis. The results indicated that the perception held by workers that their work enriches their family is positively correlated with their affective commitment toward the organization. Furthermore, the data revealed that this relationship is stronger for women than for men. Study results have implications for management, particularly for human resource management, enhancing their knowledge about the relationship of work-family enrichment and workers’ affective commitment toward organization.
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Previous research has shown the relevance of psychopathic traits as predictors of severe and persistent antisocial behavior. Given that personality traits refer to developmental constructs, the main purposes of this study were to analyze the stability of psychopathic traits from childhood to adolescence, and to examine differential outcomes derived from distinctive pathways of stability and change. Data was collected in a Spanish sample of 138 children aged 6–11 at the onset of the study (T1), and 12–17 in the subsequent follow-up conducted 6 years later (T2). The stability of psychopathic traits was assessed in terms of differential continuity (rank-order), absolute stability (mean-level) and individual level change (Reliable Change Index). Results confirmed that psychopathic traits remained moderately to highly stable from childhood to adolescence (p < .001). There were, however, some differences depending on the informant (parents vs. teachers) and the particular assessment method used (rank order vs. mean-level and RCI). A stable high and an increasing developmental pattern of psychopathic traits were related with severe adolescent behavioral and psychosocial problems (ŋ² = .10–.36). These results support the usefulness of youth psychopathic personality as a developmental construct, and highlight its relevance as a predictor of long-lasting maladjustment, with relevant implications in terms of prevention and treatment.
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology 12/2014; 17:1-11.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is the analysis of different descriptors and reactions related to the experience of fatigue. Two groups were compared: a clinical sample (n1 = 92, 31 males, mean age =38.87) and a non-clinical (n1 = 225, 135 males, mean age =32.45) sample. The total sample was composed of 317 participants (52% males), ranging in age from 18 to 76 years. Findings show the experience of fatigue was mainly related to somatic terms (76% of the whole participants). Specific results were found only for the clinical group: (a) significant relationships between fatigue and anxiety (χ2(1) = 34.71, p< .01), tension (χ2(1) = 16.80, p< .01) and sadness (χ2(1) = 24.59, p< .01); (b) higher intensity of fatigue (F= 84.15, p = .000), and predominance of the cognitive components of fatigue. Results showed that fatigue in subjects with a clinical disorder (versus those without) was associated both, to negative emotional states, and to a higher intensity of fatigue, especially in its cognitive elements. Important clinical implications for its assessment and intervention are discussed.
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The focus of the present study was on further exploring anticipatory responses to emotional stimuli by measuring the eyeblink startle reflex in a variation of the picture-picture affective learning procedure. Participants (113 undergraduate women) were not explicitly instructed before the experiment began. Instead, they had to learn the specific relations between cues (geometrical shapes) and emotional pictures based on pairings during the first part of the task. Plausible contingency learning effects were tested afterwards, in a parallel sequence of trials including auditory probes during cues and pictures processing during the second part of the task. Results did show the typical affective startle modulation pattern during perception (linear F(1, 200) = 52.67, p < .0001), but unexpected inhibition for both pleasant and unpleasant, compared to neutral cues, during anticipation (quadratic F(1, 200) = 7.07, p < .009). All patterns of startle modulation were independent of cue-picture contingency awareness (all interactions Fs < 1). Skin conductance changes showed the predictable quadratic trend either during picture perception or anticipatory periods (greater activity for emotional vs. neutral; overall quadratic F(1, 224) = 7.04, p < .01), only for participants fully aware of the cue-picture contingency (quadratic F(1, 158) = 5.86, p < .02). Overall, our results during anticipation (cues processing) seem to suggest that more resources were allocated to highly arousing pictures that engage attention. Differences between the present results and prior research may be attributed to procedural variations in the sample, cues, or instructions. Future studies should also explore in more detail the role of the contingency awareness during anticipation.
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology 12/2014; 17(E110).
  • The Spanish Journal of Psychology 12/2014; in press.
  • The Spanish Journal of Psychology 12/2014; 29:in press.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Boltzmann’s most probable distribution method is applied to derive the Polytomous Rasch model as the distribution accounting for the maximum number of possible outcomes in a test while introducing latent traits, item characteristics, and thresholds as constraints to the system. Affinities and similarities of the present result with other derivations of the model are discussed in light of the conceptual frameworks of statistical physics and of the principle of maximum entropy.
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology 11/2014; 17(e84):1-8.
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    ABSTRACT: While acknowledging that their design and methods were different from the original Proffitt, Stefanucci, Banton, and Epstein (2003) study, Hutchison and Loomis (H&L) continue to argue that their findings qualify our account of energetic influences on distance perception. This reply provides a brief and focused discussion of the methodological differences between their study and ours and why these differences were likely responsible for the different results. It is also argued that the measures employed by H&L are assessments of apparent location, not apparent distance. Aunque Hutchison y Loomis (H&L) reconozcan que el diseño y los métodos de su estudio difieren de los del trabajo original de Proffit, Stefanucci, Banton y Epstein (2003), siguen indicando que sus resultados cuestionan nuestra explicación sobre la influencia del consumo energético en la percepción de la distancia. Esta replica proporciona una discusión breve centrada en las diferencias metodologicas existentes entre su estudio y el nuestro, y también sobre por qué tales diferencias son las causas más probables de las diferencias en los resultados. Se indica, además, que las medidas empleadas por H&L son adecuadas para evaluar la localización pero no la distancia aparente.
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology 11/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present the results of a principal-components analysis of the Personality Adjective Check List (PACL) at the item level, rather than at the scale level. The PACL was constructed by Strack (1987) to evaluate the personality scales proposed by Millon (1981). Data were obtained from a sample of normal adolescents. A scree test was applied to determine the number of factors to be extracted, and the retained factors were then rotated using a varimax procedure. Using the data from this second analysis, congruence coefficients were calculated by correlating the factor weights from the two analyses of men and women. Results reveal the existence in the whole sample of five unipolar personality factors, which we have called: Aggressive, Conscientious, Inhibited, Impulsive and Gregarious. These are not similar to those obtained from a sample of normal adults. Se presentan los resultados de un análisis de componentes principales del Personality Adjective Check List (PACL) al nivel de los ítems en vez del nivel de escala. El PACL fue construido por Strack (1987) para evaluar las escalas de personalidad ropuestas or Millon (1981). Los datos se obtuvieron de una muestra de adolescentes normales. e aplicó una prueba scree ara determinar el número de factores a extraer, y los factores etenidos se rotaron con el procedimiento varimax. Empleando os datos de este segundo nálisis, se calcularon los coeficientes de congruencia al correlacionar los pesos factoriales e los os análisis de varones y mujeres. Los resultados revelan la existencia en toda a muestra de cinco factores unipolares de ersonalidad, que hemos denominado: Agresivo, concienzudo, Inhibido, Impulsivo y Gregario. No se parecen a los factores obtenidos de una muestra de adultos normales.
    The Spanish Journal of Psychology 11/2014;
  • The Spanish Journal of Psychology 11/2014;