Plant Biosystems (PLANT BIOSYST)

Publisher: Società botanica italiana, Taylor & Francis

Journal description

An international journal dealing with all aspects of plant biology. Formerly "Giornale Botanico Italiano" Official Journal of the Società Botanica Italiana. Plant Biosystems is the research journal edited by the Società Botanica Italiana. Published three times a year, the journal is open to papers dealing with all aspects of plant biology, systematics, and ecology. Research studies containing novel and significant findings, from the molecular level to ecosystems and from micro-organisms to flowering plants, are welcome. Plant Biosystems succeeded "Giornale Botanico Italiano", the historical journal of the Societa' Botanica Italiana, from the year 1997. Plant Biosystems has been conceived in consideration of the recent progress in botanical research. An editorial board divided into 9 main sections has been devised to ensure that all the main trends of contemporary plant science are represented. Manuscripts are classified as Full Paper, Rapid Report or Short Communication. A Rapid Report is intended for publication, in a concise form, of new and relevant findings. The classification as Rapid Report is determined by the Editor. A Short Communication (no more than two printed pages) is for a concise but independent report. It is not intended for publication of preliminary results. Review articles are also published, but only upon invitation by the Editor. An international panel of highly qualified referees warrants the highest scientific standard.

Current impact factor: 1.91

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2012 Impact Factor 1.912
2011 Impact Factor 1.418
2010 Impact Factor 0.829
2009 Impact Factor 0.744
2008 Impact Factor 0.517
2007 Impact Factor 0.75
2006 Impact Factor 0.649
2005 Impact Factor 0.368
2004 Impact Factor 0.274
2003 Impact Factor 0.31

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 1.73
Cited half-life 3.30
Immediacy index 0.44
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.30
Website Plant Biosystems website
Other titles Plant biosystems (Online)
ISSN 1126-3504
OCLC 57364341
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Modena, founded by the Romans (183 BC), has always been conditioned by water in all its urban history. In the city, numerous archaeobotanical investigations have been carried out in order to reconstruct the natural landscape and human–environment interactions over time. During these investigations, four archaeological sites (two Roman and two medieval) have revealed deposits with a marked character of palaeobiocoenosis, largely resulting from the natural environment surrounding the sites, due to natural “seed rain”. These deposits are characterized by widespread evidence of plants related to water, constituting a valuable archive to investigate habitats which currently have become very rare and threatened, if they have not completely disappeared. The present paper aims to reveal the peculiarities of the Roman/medieval archaeocarpological floristic lists (through a comparison with the flora over the last two centuries in the area of Modena) and highlight the possible causes explaining the presence or the demise of several taxa, considering also the palaeoecological reconstruction of the environment in which they have been found.
    Plant Biosystems 08/2015; 149(1). DOI:10.1080/11263504.2014.998310
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    ABSTRACT: Cichorieae, one of the six tribes of the sub-family Cichorioideae (Asteraceae), produces a well-recognisable fenestrate pollen type. In the Mediterranean area, the significance of high percentages of Cichorieae pollen from archaeological layers is still questioned. We assessed the presence of Cichorieae as indicators of open habitats and pasturelands in current plant communities by comparing data on vegetation composition with pollen spectra from two Hellenistic sites of Basilicata (southern Italy): Difesa San Biagio in the low valley of the river Bradano and Torre di Satriano in the Lucanian Apennines. We also analysed the pollen morphology bringing to the discrimination of size classes within the fenestrate type of Cichorieae. Pollen spectra from the considered archaeological sites have low forest cover (7% on average); Asteraceae and Poaceae are prevalent; Cichorieae account to ca. 23%; coprophilous fungal spores are varied and present high concentrations. In surface soil samples collected near the sites, Cichorieae pollen is about 12%. In current vegetation types, an increasing abundance of Cichorieae was observed from salt marshes, forests and shrublands to open habitats and grasslands. This is coherent with the actual land cover around the study sites and the findings of the archaeological sample that point to an open landscape dominated by pastures and cultivated fields. Our integrated approach confirmed that today Cichorieae are common in secondary pastures and in some types of primary open habitats of southern Italy: hence, high percentages of this pollen can be considered a good indicator of these habitats even in past environment reconstructions.
    Plant Biosystems 08/2015; 149(1). DOI:10.1080/11263504.2014.998311
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    ABSTRACT: Wildfires in the Mediterranean basin are very important even if their causes and dynamics are not always fully understood. Fire occurrence is driven by several factors, such as the availability of fuel and the amount of biomass. In the Mediterranean basin, the seasonality of climate and its influence on vegetation plays an important role on flammability. Short-term fire dynamics and its relationship with vegetation is the subject of many present-day studies from local to global scales. Long-term fire dynamics can be investigated studying the residues of past plant burnings, such as microcharcoals. Microcharcoals extracted from lacustrine sediments are considered as a fire proxy and pollen as the best one for palaeovegetation reconstruction. We use pollen and microscopic charcoal data from a well-known Holocene sediment record from Lago di Pergusa (Sicily) to analyse their long-term relationships and to gain insights into environmental versus human-induced changes of fire behaviour. At a local scale, the fuel for wildfire is mainly provided by deciduous oaks. On the contrary, irrespective of the regional or local scale of analysis, Mediterranean vegetation seems not particularly fire-prone. Our data show that the largest fires occurred when the precipitation amount in the study area was sufficiently high to allow the development of all vegetation belts, from the Mediterranean to the montane one. Even if no doubt is left on the role of anthropogenic pressure in Sicily in the last few millennia, nonetheless our data highlight the relevant role of climate forcing on wildfires, which is mainly related to regional forest cover and, hence, to biomass and fuel availability.
    Plant Biosystems 08/2015; 149(1). DOI:10.1080/11263504.2014.992996
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    ABSTRACT: We present the first report of the transcribed 18S–25S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) unit of the South American crop Ilex paraguariensis. This tree is consumed as an infusion named “mate”. Next-generation sequencing data were assembled, reference-annotated and further characterized. The assembled consensus sequence of the complete transcribed rDNA unit is 6961 nt, with a coverage of ,18,646X and 99.3% of global sequence similarity. The transcribed 18S and 25S rDNA genes of yerba mate are the first in the genus to be characterized, combined with the 5.8S that is identical to the consensus sequence of Ilex. The ITS1 and the ITS2 display species-specific regions, useful to differentiate yerba mate from adulterant taxa of the manufactured product. A replication slippage process seems significant in the evolution of the internal transcribed spacer in Ilex. The 5-external transcribed spacer consists of SR1, which encloses a large inverted repeat/hairpin region, and SR2, which is a high homology region in the Asterids clade and embrace six distinctive inverted repeat/hairpin segments. The 3ETS presents a pyrimidine-rich block associated with transcription termination, mirror-like palindromes and repetitive segments, all networking at the secondary structure level. This information will be helpful in carrying out future studies in the molecular evolution characterization of this crop and related species of Ilex.
    Plant Biosystems 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/11263504.2015.1018982
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    ABSTRACT: This work describes the lichen diversity found on the megalithic Dolmen of Sa Coveccada (Mores, Sardinia) until 2010. After that year, a restoration with chemical removal of lichen crusts took place, which destroyed a great part of the lichen communities. These were studied again after removal and lichen communities occurring on rock outcrops in the surroundings of the Dolmen and on a contiguous menhir were investigated as well for comparison. Before the restoration, 33 species had been recorded on the Dolmen, most being crustose, followed by foliose and fruticose forms. Among these, eight species are regarded as rare in Sardinia and five rare at lower elevations. Most of the recorded species are typical for eutrophic substrates and for meso- to xerophytic conditions. Studies on lichen diversity on archaeological monuments in Sardinia are limited. This is the first report on the lichens of a Sardinian dolmen. This paper questions whether the lichen diversity of such monuments should be preserved as lichens have been an important part of the monument ecosystem and of the landscape for many centuries. This work also aims to improve collaboration among lichen and monument experts, in order to avoid hasty restoration decisions.
    Plant Biosystems 03/2015; DOI:10.1080/11263504.2015.1014008
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    ABSTRACT: The need of planning more sustainable cities leads to a wider use of extensive green roofs (EGRs) as they provide significant advantages to the urban environment (e.g., energy conservation and increase of biodiversity). In Central and North Europe, as well as in North America and Asia, EGRs are generally included in new building designs, whereas they are still uncommon in Mediterranean countries. The adaptations of many Mediterranean plants to drought stress and their floristic diversity constitute, however, positive elements in finding solutions for them. This research proposes a methodological approach to select wild species for EGRs based on ecological characteristics (using natural ecosystems as templates for green roof design). An extensive bibliographic search on plants proposed for EGRs in Mediterranean countries has led to the creation of a wide database. Other plants were selected considering their synecological, structural, and autoecological characteristics. All the data were integrated in a comprehensive database of 138 taxa potentially suitable for setting EGRs according to their syntaxonomical classification and their ecological behavior (fitting both the Mediterranean and EGR environmental conditions). The selected taxa could enlarge the pool of species for EGRs in Mediterranean cities, increasing urban biodiversity.
    Plant Biosystems 03/2015; 149(2). DOI:10.1080/11263504.2013.819819
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal consortia on growth, photosynthetic pigments, solutes concentration (e.g., sugars and proline), and antioxidant responses at different levels of Na2SO4 stress (0–0.5%, w:w) in potted culture of Jatropha. Results showed that increasing salt levels caused a significant reduction in survival (%), growth parameters, leaf relative water content (LRWC) (%), and chlorophyll content with an increase in electrolyte leakage (%) and lipid peroxidation of membranes of Jatropha. AM inoculation improved biomass yields as well as other physiological parameters (LRWC (%), chlorophyll, proline, and soluble sugar) of salt-stressed Jatropha over noninoculated plants. Tolerance index of Jatropha was higher with AM fungi than without at all salt levels; however, a decline in its value was recorded with increased salinity levels. AM inoculation also enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes (e.g., superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase, and glutathione reductase) and decreased oxidative damage to lipids. In conclusion, results indicate that AM inoculation was capable of alleviating the damage caused by salinity stress on Jatropha plants by reducing lipid peroxidation of membrane and membrane permeability and increasing the accumulation of solutes and antioxidant enzyme activity.
    Plant Biosystems 03/2015; 149(2). DOI:10.1080/11263504.2013.845268
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    ABSTRACT: Pteris vittata, a fern able to hyperaccumulate arsenic (As) in its fronds, has been object of a number of studies aimed to understand the mechanisms involved in As absorption and tolerance. This study has focused on a new mechanism, As leaching, already observed in P. vittata, but not explained, based on the possible involvement of hydathodes, not yet described in this fern; moreover, the results contained in this article will provide information on a more detailed frond anatomy of P. vittata. A combination of light and electron microscopic techniques (transmission electron microscopy and environmental scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray) and chemical analyses (inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy) was used. The results suggest that in phytoremediation processes under field conditions there could be the need to know the atmospheric conditions before harvesting plants, to avoid the loss of As in the environment.
    Plant Biosystems 02/2015; DOI:10.1080/11263504.2015.1012135