Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology (J BUON)

Publisher: Balkan Union of Oncology

Journal description

Current impact factor: 0.71

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 0.706
2012 Impact Factor 0.761
2011 Impact Factor 0.607
2010 Impact Factor 0.482
2009 Impact Factor 0.6

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.65
Cited half-life 3.30
Immediacy index 0.09
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.13
Other titles Journal of BUON, Journal of Balkan Union of Oncology
ISSN 1107-0625
OCLC 42889499
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • Orhan Onder Eren, basak oyan ozlem sonmez hasan atilla ozkan
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Total or subtotal gastrectomy are performed as curative or palliative treatment in patients with gastric cancer. Anemia is a frequent complication of gastrectomy. Patients undergoing total or subtotal gastrectomy should be carefully monitored for the development of anemia and be given appropriate treatment when indicated. This survey-based study aimed to determine the level of knowledge about post-gastrectomy anemia in Turkish medical oncologists. Methods: The study included 110 Turkish medical oncologists that agreed voluntarily to participate in the survey and answer an 8-item questionnaire. The survey was distributed as a questionnaire during the 5th Turkish Medical Oncology Congress in March 2014. Results: All participants completed the questionnaire. Most of the participants would not recommend oral iron or cobalamin replacement after gastrectomy. Conclusion: The results of the survey indicate that Turkish medical oncologists have some knowledge about post-gastrectomy anemia, but need to learn more about appropriate follow-up and replacement therapies for post-gastrectomy anemia. Key words: anemia, gastrectomy, medical oncologist, survey Summary Introduction Revisiting post-gastrectomy anemia with a brief survey among a group of Turkish medical oncologists Orhan Onder Eren1, Ozlem Uysal Sonmez1, Hasan Atilla Ozkan2, Basak Oyan1 1Department of Internal Medicine, Medical Oncology Section , and 2Department of Internal Medicine, Hematology Section , Yeditepe University Hospital , Istanbul, Turkey Correspondence to: Orhan Onder Eren, MD. Yeditepe University Hospital, Devlet yolu, Ankara caddesi, no:102-104, Istanbul, Turkey. Tel: +90 216 578 40 00, Fax :+90 216 578 49 69, E-mail: Received: 31/12/2014; Accepted: 18/01/2014 Gastric cancer is one of the most lethal cancers worldwide [1]. Total or subtotal gastrectomy are performed as palliative or curative treatment of gastric cancer. Gastrectomy is associated with serious long term metabolic complications, some of which are due to malabsorption of essential micronutrients, like iron, vitamin B12 (cobalamin/Cbl), folic acid, copper, zinc and calcium [2]. Gastric cancer survivors are usually followed by medical oncologists. Some of these patients develop iron deficiency anemia or megaloblastic anemia due
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 07/2015; 20(3):808-811.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is resistant to conventional chemotherapeutics such as doxorubicin. Milk thistle extract, or its active constituent silymarin has been used by cancer patients as an alternative and complementary agent. Telomerase activation is one of the initial events of HCC. In this study, we applied doxorubicin and silymarin for 72 hrs in order to test individual and combined effect of the agents on telomerase activity. Methods: The effects of doxorubicin, silymarin, and their combination on the proliferation of HepG2 cell line were tested by MTT assay, and Checkerboard micro plate method was applied to define the nature of doxorubicin and silymarin interactions on the cells. Lipid peroxidations were assessed by thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) level. Telomerase activity was determined according to the telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP). Untreated cells were used as control group. Results: Doxorubicin-silymarin combination had indifferent antiproliferative effects on HepG2 cells. Telomerase activity of the cells incubated with IC50 of doxorubicin and silymarin decreased to 72% (p<0.05). IC50 combinations of doxorubicin and silymarin caused 70% (p<0.05) reduction. All treatments except for the ½IC50 of silymarin caused significant increase in lipid peroxidation levels when compared to controls. TBARS levels did not significantly increase when doxorubicin and silymarin were applied in combination, which is in concordance with the indifferent drug interaction. Conclusion: IC50 of both doxorubicin and silymarin alone and in combination inhibited telomerase activity. Mechanism of inhibition may be elucidated by further molecular studies.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 05/2015; 20(2):555-561.
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    ABSTRACT: Surgeons learn over time when it is appropriate to recommend an operation. This is particularly true in the management of pelvic carcinomatous disease, which often gives rise to symptoms that are debilitating and difficult to manage by non-surgical means. Radical pelvic cytoreduction, complete resection of all visible tumor, remains the established operation for the treatment of carefully selected patients with biologically favorable tumors. Complexities in pelvic surgery and pelvic cytoreduction cover the strategic evaluation, specific approaches, and management techniques. The essential principle to removal of a very advanced pelvic disease lies in the retroperitoneal surgery. The retroperitoneal approach allows for dissection of the pan-pelvic tumoral mass and deposits using the peritoneum as a pseudo-capsule while identifying vital retroperitoneal structures such as the iliac vessels and ureter. Despite the fact that there are several considerations in favor of cytoreductive surgery, overall morbidity due to its application depends not only on the extent of the surgical procedure but also on the patient's medical fitness, the experience and expertise of the operating surgeon, as well as the quality of the supportive care, particularly anesthesia and critical care. The major source of trouble is the hostile pelvis itself. The reasons are fairly clear: most patients have had incomplete 'in-line' resective attempts, irradiation, and inflammation due to prior overhealing. Many of the complications of the procedure can be ameliorated or eliminated by careful attention to patient preparation, intraoperative meticulous technique, and post-cytoreductive intensive care. Achieving success and safety with these cytoreductive techniques requires extensive knowledge of pelvic anatomy, the use of special techniques of exposure and methods of dissection, a clear understanding of the objectives of the operation, and a flexibility of mind.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 05/2015; 20(1(Supp. 1)):S29-S39.
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    ABSTRACT: Urothelial carcinomas are malignant tumors that arise from the urothelial epithelium and may involve the lower and upper urinary tract. They are characterized by multiple, multifocal recurrences throughout the genitourinary tract. Bladder tumors account for 90-95% of urothelial carcinomas and are the most common malignancies of the urinary tract. Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUC) are relatively rare, accounting for 5% of urothelial tumors. The incidence of subsequent bladder cancer after surgical treatment for UTUC is approximately 15-50%. In contrast, patients with a primary tumor of the bladder have a low risk (2-6%) the development of UTUC. Identification of prognostic factors and early detection of recurrent disease provide a better strategy for postoperative monitoring, surveillance, and potentially improve patient outcomes. In this review study we discuss the main risk factors for UTUC recurrence after radical cystectomy, and risk factors for intravesical recurrence after radical nephroureterectomy.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):391-398.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy and safety of using 3D conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) to treat nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) in a Caucasian cohort and evaluate factors with prognostic value. Between September 2001 and November 2012, 44 NPC patients with a mean age of 57 years underwent 3DCRT at the University Hospital of Ioannina. Nineteen patients (43%) presented with WHO type 1 and 2 histology. Thirty two patients (73%) had advanced-stage disease (stage III/IV). Thirty-one patients (70%) received chemotherapy. The mean total radiotherapy dose prescribed to the planning target volume (PTV) was 67.2 Gy. The daily dose was 1.8 Gy. With a median follow up of 43 months (range 8.4-125), the 4-year local relapse-free (LRFS), nodal relapse-free (NRFS), distant metastases-free survival (DMFS), disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 90, 87, 91, 80 and 82%, respectively. Histology was a significant prognostic factor concerning overall survival, with worst prognosis in patients with WHO type 1/2 compared to type 3. Age <70 years, absence of retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis, complete response after treatment and the completion of ≥4 cycles of concurrent weekly cisplatin favored overall survival. Fifteen patients (34%) developed grade 3 late side effects (xerostomia: 6, soft tissue fibrosis: 6, hearing loss: 2, brachial plexus neuralgia: 1). 3DCRT in our Caucasian cohort, characterized by predominantly advanced-stage disease, combined with chemotherapy, is an effective treatment modality approach in patients with NPC with excellent tolerance.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):514-520.
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing numbers of children with cancer are using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies. Our aim was to estimate the rate of use, the beliefs of users and non-users and factors related with the use of CAM among Greek families. A self-reported questionnaire was given to parents of 184 children with cancer. We assessed the rate of use, types of CAM therapies and factors potentially associated with the use of CAM. Based on the 110 questionnaires which were completed (59.8% of the families), 23 families (21%) had used at least one complementary treatment. The most common forms were: spiritual healing/prayer/blessings 18/23 (78%), art therapies 4, dietary supplements 3, massage 3, homeopathy 2, and herbals 2. The reasons given for use included: making the child stronger 17/23 (48%, hope of stopping the cancerous process 11/23 (49%), and coping with side effects 6/23 (26%). Among the reasons given by the parents for not using CAM therapies the most common (84%) was the effective conventional treatment and, therefore, there was no need for CAM use. Another 24% reported that were unaware of these "alternative" and "complementary" therapies and a further 7% had considered using them but finally they didn't. In bivariate analysis, the use of CAM was not associated either with age, sex, nationality, education or occupation of the parents at the time of the survey, or with diagnosis, mode of therapy or age of the child at diagnosis. The use of CAM therapies by Greek families for their children with cancer does not appear to be very popular, although the experiences of those who did use them were generally positive.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):602-607.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the outcomes of interval debulking surgery (IDS) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC/IDS) with primary debulking surgery (PDS) in patients diagnosed with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). A total of 292 patients with stages IIIC and IV disease who were treated with either NAC/IDS or PDS between 1995 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The study population was divided into two groups: the NAC/IDS group (N=84) and the PDS group (N=208). Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and optimal cytoreduction were compared. The mean age was significantly higher in the NAC/IDS group (61.5±11.5 vs 57.8±11.1 years, p=0.01). Optimal cytoreduction was achieved in 34.5% (29/84) of the patients in the NAC/IDS group and in 32.2% (69/208) in the PDS group (p=0.825). The survival rates were comparable. The mean survival rate of patients who achieved optimal cytoreductive surgery in either the PDS or the NAC/IDS arm was significantly higher than that of patients who achieved suboptimal cytoreductive surgery (p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). Multivariate analysis confirmed the treatment method, amount of ascitic fluid, and optimal cytoreduction as independent factors for OS. No definitive evidence was noticed regarding whether NAC/IDS increases survival compared with PDS. NAC should be reserved for patients who cannot tolerate PDS or when optimal cytoreduction is not feasible.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):580-587.
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an asbestos-related disease with a dismal prognosis. Ethic, social, legal and economic parameters are implicated in its management. It is quite clear that multimodality therapy is necessary to improve long-term results but precise treatment schemes have not yet been equivocally accepted. The extent of surgery is questioned and radical operations are highly debatable. On the other hand, debulking or cyto-reductive surgery have been also proposed within a multimodality approach. However, the role and order of adjuvant or neoadjuvant use of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery has not been established. The aim of this study was to analyze contemporary studies on the impact of different surgical approaches on outcome of patients with MPM.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):376-380.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the associated risk factors and the prognostic impact of positive resection margins after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of early-stage gastric cancer. A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was performed on 319 consecutive lesions in 316 patients who underwent ESD. Age, gender, surgeons, lesion location, maximum diameter of resected specimens, macroscopic type, depth of tumor invasion and tumor differentiation were evaluated as potential risk factors. A total of 27 (8.5%) patients exhibited positive resection margins after ESD. Among 25 successfully followed-up patients 13 were subjected to gastrectomy, 1 was administered chemotherapy, 2 underwent additional endoscopic resection and 9, who were initially followed-up during a median period of 11.7 months (range 1-40), had neither recurrence nor metastasis. Univariate analysis revealed that age, lesion location, depth of tumor invasion, macroscopic type and tumor differentiation were correlated with positive resection margin. By contrast, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only age, tumor differentiation and depth of tumor invasion were independent risk factors of positive resection margins. Age, tumor differentiation and depth of tumor invasion were independent risk factors for post-ESD positive resection margins. This result suggests that older patients, undifferentiated lesions and a greater depth of invasion increase the risk for post-ESD positive resection margins.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):421-427.
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    ABSTRACT: Elucidation of the factors contributing to the incidence of breast cancer is of crucial importance for the development of preventive or therapeutic strategies targeting the disease. Research on stress and breast cancer has been documented by various studies published over the years. In view of breast cancer importance as the most commonly occurring malignancy in females in Serbia, this study was undertaken to examine the association between stressful life events and breast cancer risk. The present hospital-based case-control study comprised 120 new breast cancer cases and 120 hospital controls matched with respect to age (± 2 years). This study used the Paykel Life Events Scale to obtain information about stressful life events in the years before diagnosis. The SPSS statistical package was used and odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated from multivariate conditional logistic regression model. Multiple conditional logistic regression analysis revealed six independent predictors of breast cancer risk: experience of severe and moderate threats (first 25 life events from the scale) (OR=3.15, 95% CI=2.01-4.93), son's military service (OR=6.09, 95% CI=4.17-12.37), death of close family member (OR=7.98, 95% CI=2.18-9.14), moderate financial difficulties (OR=3.26, 95%CI=1.24-8.56), maternal death in childhood (OR=3.46, 95% CI=1.21-9.92) and serious financial difficulties (OR=3.55, 95% CI=1.20-10.52). Stress exposure has been proposed to contribute to the etiology of breast cancer. There is a need for understanding the differing physiological effects of types or times of stress exposure.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):487-491.
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    ABSTRACT: Liver malignancies represent one of the major public health problems worldwide because of late diagnosis and failure of current treatments to offer a curative option for many of the patients. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that are known to regulate the gene expression at a post-transcriptional level through complementary base pairing with thousands of messenger (m)RNAs. Recent data has shown the involvement of miRs in the pathogenesis of many human cancers, including those of the liver, with huge possible impact in the clinic, mainly due to the identification of non-coding RNAs as biomarkers that can often be detected in the systemic circulation. In the current review, we present the importance of miRs in liver cancers by discussing their role in the pathobiology of these diseases, apart from their role as diagnostic and prognostic markers for liver malignancies.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):361-375.
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    ABSTRACT: Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) infection and HPVs-associated lesions, including skin warts in children and adults and cervical neoplasia in women, have been excessively studied since ancient years. In our article, we present briefly four major researchers from the HPVs pre-vaccination historic period: Hippokrates the Asclepiad, Domenico Antonio Rigoni-Stern, George N. Papanicolaou and Harald zur Hausen.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):658-661.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the accuracy of intraoperative frozen section analysis (FSA) of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) mapped using methylene blue dye (MBD) and its usefulness for selecting patients with breast carcinomas and positive axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) for one-time axillary dissection. 152 female patients with T1/T2 breast carcinomas and clinically negative ALNs were selected for mapping using MBD (1%) from October 2010 to December 2011. Patients underwent FSA of mapped SLNs and ALN dissection. The accuracy of SLN-FSA was tested by comparing these findings with the definite histopathology (HP) of SLNs, as well as of other ALNs. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were calculated. There was a 98%-match between FSA and definite HP findings of SLNs, suggesting high accuracy of FSA in this series. None of 3 patients with false-negative SLNs on FSA had additional axillary nodal metastases. One out of 20 (5%) patients with metastases in other ALNs had "clear" SLNs, both on FSA and definite HP (false-negative). Accuracy reached 94.1%. SLN-FSA enables adequate selection of patients for one-time axillary node dissection. MBD mapping technique is cheap, feasible and enables easy and precise detection of the first draining ALNs. Using FSA of SLNs mapped with MBD, patients with breast carcinoma benefit from complete surgical treatment during one hospitalization, the risk of undergoing anaesthesia twice is reduced, as well as the treatment cost, which is important in developing countries.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):492-497.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the efficacy and side effects of adjuvant dendritic cells' (DCs) vaccine combined with cytokine-induced killer cell (CIK) therapy after renal cell carcinoma (RCC) surgery (RCCS). DCs vaccine and CIK that loaded the autologous tumor cell lysate were prepared in vitro. Four hundred and ten RCC patients were recruited, and the study group was given DCs-CIK immunotherapy, while the control group was given IFN-α therapy. Disease progression (recurrence, metastasis or death) showed significant differences between the two groups in clinical stage I and II patients, as well as in highly and moderately differentiated disease (p<0.05), while there was no significant difference between the two groups in patients with poorly differentiated disease (p>0.05). The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates of the DCs-CIK group (96% and 96%, respectively) exhibited significant difference compared to the IFN-α group (83% and 74%, respectively (p<0.01). Progression-free survival (PFS) between the two groups was significantly different (p<0.01). Tumor stage and DCs-CIK treatment were independent factors concerning prognosis of RCC (p<0.05). There was no severe toxicity observed in the DCs-CIK treatment group. Adjuvant post-RCCS DCs-CIK treatment prolonged PFS and reduced mortality, showing better overall activity compared to interferon treatment.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):505-513.
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    ABSTRACT: In lymph node-negative, hormone-positive, and Her2-negative breast cancer patients, the benefits of adding adjuvant chemotherapy to hormonal therapy continue to be debated, especially for low to intermediate grade and small tumors. Excluding patients with T4 disease, we retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with long-term follow-up at our center between 2003 and 2014. Among node-negative, hormone-positive and HER2-negative breast cancer patients, we compared two groups of patients: those given both chemotherapy (doxorubicin+cyclophosphamide) and hormonotherapy, and those prescribed hormonotherapy alone. The primary endpoints were progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Overall, no difference was observed between these two treatment groups in either DFS or OS. However, for both outcomes, there was a trend towards improved DFS and OS favoring the hormone-only group. In selected subgroups of breast cancer patients, administering adjuvant hormonal therapy alone seems to be at least as good if not better than combining hormonotherapy and chemotherapy.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 03/2015; 20(2):479-486.