Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics (J Polymer Sci B Polymer Phys )

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Description

The Journal of Polymer Science reports results of fundamental research in all areas of high polymer chemistry and physics. The Journal is selective in accepting contributions on the basis of merit and originality. It is not intended as a repository for unevaluated data. Preference is given to contributions that offer new or more comprehensive concepts interpretations experimental approaches and results. Part B: Polymer Physics accepts contributions in physics and physical chemistry. Contributions may be submitted as Regular Articles as Rapid Communications or as Notes. Regular articles are full length papers to be considered as complete publications of original unpublished results. Rapid Communications refer to mostly preliminary reports of extreme urgency significance and originality which should be limited to a maximum of 3 printed pages. Papers to be submitted for consideration as Notes should be short versions of Regular Articles.

  • Impact factor
    2.22
  • 5-year impact
    2.03
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.59
  • Eigenfactor
    0.01
  • Article influence
    0.60
  • Website
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics website
  • Other titles
    Journal of polymer science. Part B, Polymer physics (Online), Journal of polymer science. Part B, Polymer physics, Polymer physics
  • ISSN
    1099-0488
  • OCLC
    39028915
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

John Wiley & Sons

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • See Wiley-Blackwell entry for articles after February 2007
    • On personal web site or secure external website at authors institution
    • Not allowed on institutional repository
    • JASIST authors may deposit in an institutional repository
    • Non-commercial
    • Pre-print must be accompanied with set phrase (see individual journal copyright transfer agreements)
    • Published source must be acknowledged with set phrase (see individual journal copyright transfer agreements)
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'John Wiley and Sons' is an imprint of 'Wiley-Blackwell'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The influence of attaching hydrophobic side groups to a polyelectrolyte, used for deposition of a multilayer oxygen gas barrier thin film, was investigated. Polyethyleneimine (PEI) was labeled with pyrene and deposited in “quadlayers” of PEI, poly(acrylic acid), PEI, and sodium montmorillonite clay using layer-by-layer assembly. Thin films made of three repeating quadlayers using unmodified PEI had much lower density (1.24 g/cm3) than pyrene-labeled PEI-based films (1.45 g/cm3), which is believed to be the result of greater chain coiling from the increased hydrophobicity of pendant pyrene groups. This increased density in pyrene-labeled PEI layers allowed three quadlayers to match the oxygen transmission rate of a four quadlayer film made with unmodified PEI. This discovery provides an additional tool for tailoring the barrier behavior of clay-based multilayer thin films that could prove useful for a variety of packaging applications. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 07/2014;
  • Chunhui Bao, Jonathan M. Horton, Zhifeng Bai, Dejin Li, Timothy P. Lodge, Bin Zhao
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polymer brush-grafted particles (i.e., hairy particles) capable of undergoing direct, especially reversible, phase transfer from one liquid phase to another immiscible liquid phase in response to environmental changes have received growing interest due to their great potential in a wide variety of applications. This article is intended to review recent exciting advances in stimuli-triggered phase transfer of hairy particles in liquid-liquid biphasic systems. We start with a discussion of the mechanism of particle transfer across a liquid-liquid interface and progress to the synthesis of polymer brushes grafted on particles and the transfer of hairy particles between two immiscible liquid phases induced by various external stimuli, including temperature, pH, ionic strength, light, and solvents. The applications of thermally triggered phase transfer of hairy particles in catalysis (thermoregulated phase transfer catalysis) are discussed, followed by a summary and our perspective on future development. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014, 00, 000–000
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, bimetallic/polymer films are synthesized from polyetherimide (PEI), palladium acetate and silver nitrate for a wide range of total metal amount (from 0 to 30 wt %) and different Ag to Pd molar ratios. Hybrid precursor films are first prepared from polymer/metal complex solutions and the metal nanoparticles are then generated within the PEI matrix by annealing the precursor film under specific conditions. Reference neat PEI films and monometallic films are prepared in the same conditions. Interestingly, formation of AgPd alloys directly within the polymer films is for the first time obtained from a very simple and environmentally friendly route. Based on X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy analyses, a nanostructuration mechanism is proposed. The interactions of hydrogen towards the nanocomposites are investigated and discussed as a function of the nanoparticle composition. The impact of the nanostructuration is also studied on H2, CO2, and He permeation properties. Significant improvement of barrier properties is achieved. The pertinent parameters of the gas transport are identified and modelled for each gas/composite system. Finally, from both morphological and gas transport analyses, it is concluded that in situ generation AgPd alloys with Pd to Ag ratio above 1 leads to very interesting and promising materials. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Photolithographically patterned highly conductive (∼1400 S/cm) poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythio-phene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) films are demonstrated as electrodes for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). With the assistance of hydrofluoroether (HFE) solvents and fluorinated photoresists, high-resolution passive-matrix OLEDs with PEDOT:PSS electrodes are fabricated, in which the OLEDs show comparable performance to those devices prepared on the indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes. This photolithographic patterning process for PEDTO:PSS has great potential for applications which require flexible electrodes. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review, which has a very deep tutorial nature to it, aims to collect a range of experimental techniques that are relevant to charge transport and place them all under one device-physics framework. The types of semiconductors in mind are low mobility ones with an emphasis toward organic semiconductors. As this contribution needs to have a finite length, there are many important methods or techniques not covered in this review. My hope is that by covering methods that are very different in nature, it would make it easier to extend the understanding or intuition collected through this review to methods/techniques not mentioned. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The miscibility of polylactic acid (PLA) and atactic poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) blends is investigated as a function of composition. The blends quenched from the melt show the presence of a single glass transition temperature dependent on the composition. The equilibrium melting temperature is determined using the Hoffman-Weeks method and a depression is observed with increasing content of the PMMA component. The PLA spherulite growth rate and the overall isothermal crystallization rates decrease with increasing the amount of the amorphous component. The increase of the long period value as a function of the PMMA content in the blend is due to the segregation of PMMA component in the amorphous PLA interlamellar regions. The Lauritzen-Hoffman secondary nucleation theory analysis shows that the segregation of the PMMA in the interlamellar region induces an increase in the surface entropy of folding. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article reviews current efforts towards quantitative prediction of rheological properties of industrial polymer resins, based upon their polydisperse branched molecular structure. This involves both an understanding of how reactor and reaction conditions influence the distribution of chain lengths and branch placement (which is the province of reactor engineering) and an understanding of how the molecular structures in turn give rise to the rheology (the province of polymer physics). Both fields are reviewed at an introductory level, focussing in particular on developments in theoretical prediction of rheology for both entangled model polymers and industrial polymers. Finally, we discuss three classes of reaction for which the fields of reactor engineering and polymer physics have been truly combined to produce predictions from reactor to rheology. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Marangoni effect describes how fluid flows in response to gradients in surface energy. This phenomenon could be broadly harnessed to pattern the surface topography of polymer films if generalizable techniques for programming surface energy gradients existed. Here, a near UV–visible light (NUV–vis) photosensitizer, 9,10-dibromo-anthracene (DBA), was doped into thin films of a model polymer, poly(isobutyl methacrylate). After exposure to light through a photomask and heating above the glass transition, thermolysis of photo-oxidized DBA and grafting to the polymer promoted flow of the film material into the exposed regions. This mechanism did not significantly alter the molecular weight of PiBMA or the film's glass transition temperature, but resulted in an increase in film surface energy as indicated by a decrease in water contact angle. Film height variations of 580 nm were produced using a mask with 12.5 μm features; a mask with 800 nm features was also employed to generate topographic features of corresponding width without expensive contacting equipment. Due to the broad absorbance spectra of DBA, highly accessible and/or unconventional light sources may be employed in this process; this advantage was demonstrated by patterning with sunlight. The nonspecific radical-mediated nature of the DBA grafting reaction makes this a promising approach for many classes of polymers. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Phase behaviors induced by solvent annealing in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and poly(styrene-ran-acrylonitrile) (SAN) blend ultrathin films have been investigated by atomic force microscopy and grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering. Our results indicate that both the phase separation within the blend and the dewetting of the film induced by composition fluctuation take place upon the selective solvent annealing, producing complex structures containing upper droplets (of one phase) and mimic-films (of the other rich-phase). The use of acetic acid (the selective solvent for PMMA) generates PMMA mimic-film and SAN droplets, while the introduction of DMF (exhibiting better solubility for SAN) vapor results in the formation of SAN mimic-film and PMMA droplets. Essentially, the interaction at polymer/substrate interface, resultant wettability of selected component, solubility of PMMA and SAN in adopted solvent dominate not only the phase separation and the dewetting of the whole film but also the synergism of them. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An approach for the preparation of block copolymer vesicles through ultrasonic treatment of polystyrene-block-poly(2-vinyl pyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) micelles under alkaline conditions is reported. PS-b-P2VP block copolymers in toluene, a selective solvent for PS, form spherical micelles. If a small amount of NaOH solution is added to the micelles solution during ultrasonic treatment, organic-inorganic Janus-like particles composed of the PS-b-P2VP block copolymers and NaOH are generated. After removal of NaOH, block copolymer vesicles are obtained. A possible mechanism for the morphological transition from spherical micelles to vesicles or Janus-like particles is discussed. If the block copolymer micelles contain inorganic precursors, such as FeCl3, hybrid vesicles are formed, which may be useful as biological and chemical sensors or nanostructured templates. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Injection molded polymer parts are known to exhibit structural gradients of crystallinity, crystallite phases and crystallite orientations. The structural variations depend on the geometry, the material properties, and the processing conditions, and affect the mechanical properties of the molded part. We explore the use of raster-scanning small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS, WAXS) for mapping the microstructure in dogbone specimens of an isotactic polypropylene (PP) homopolymer and a talc-reinforced isotactic PP compound. The specimens were injection molded with different mold temperatures and injection speeds, and the mapping approach revealed systematic structural heterogeneities and asymmetries. Accompanying numerical simulations of the injection molding process yielded predictions of the flow pattern, including the shear rate distribution and the resulting orientation of the flake-shaped talc particles. We found a clear correspondence between the experimentally observed data and the simulations, in particular regarding the asymmetry of the orientation distributions relative to the center of the dogbone cross section, caused by asymmetric flow through the entrance of the mold. Furthermore, the shear rate distribution correlated with the occurrence of α- and β-phases. Subtle differences in the crystallized structures along the long axis of the dogbones suggest an explanation to the observation that the specimens studied always tended to break at the same position in tensile tests. The results clearly demonstrate the potential of mapping experiments which combine lateral resolution on macroscopic length scales with the molecular-scale resolution from scattering. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Thermally induced phase separation is a fabrication technique for porous polymeric structures. By means of easy-to-tune processing parameters, such as system composition and demixing temperature, a vast latitude of average pore dimensions, pore size distributions, and morphologies can be obtained. The relation between demixing temperature and morphology was demonstrated via cloud point curve measurement and foams fabrication with controlled thermal protocols, for the model system poly-l-lactide–dioxane–water. The morphologies obtained at a temperature lower than cloud point showed a closed-pore architecture, suggesting a “nucleation-and-growth” separation mechanism, which produced larger pores at higher holding times. Conversely, the porous structures attained when holding the sample above the cloud point exhibited open pores with dimensions independent of time, denoting a phase separation occurring during sample freezing. Finally, the influence of the cooling rate on final morphology was investigated, showing a clear correlation with microstructure and pore size. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report a transferring method of graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) on polyurethane (PU) block copolymers film. We polymerized PU block copolymer films, and then, a GNP layer, deposited on glossy paper by drop casting, was transferred by hot press from the glossy surface to the synthetized PU substrate. Nanoindentation test showed that GNP coated PU substrate exhibits improved mechanical properties with respect to the neat PU film. When an electric bias was applied to the GNP coating, the heat generated by Joule effect was transferred to the PU substrate showing an electroactive shape recovery effect. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this work, we report a Kelvin probe microscopy investigation on the structural and electronic properties of gold and aluminum thin films evaporated on poly(3-octyl-thiophene) films. Our experimental setup allows us to perform scanning force microscopy (SFM) studies of the same area even if the sample is taken out of the SFM system for different processes (Au and Al evaporation). This allows a detailed study of the effect of adsorbed metal particles on the morphology and electrical properties of polymer thin films at the nanoscale. We found different behavior for both metals in morphology and electrical properties at the interface. These results can contribute to explain what happens at the metal–polymer interface of the devices when the metal contacts are grown. Thereby the observed nanoscale structural changes can be correlated with the overall performance of the fabricated devices. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Isotactic polypropylene (i-PP) can crystallize in different crystal modifications. In this article, the effect of sepiolite (one-dimensional) and carbon black (three-dimensional) fillers on the solid-state drawability of i-PP is discussed. The cross-hatched structure of thermodynamically most stable α-crystal phase in i-PP does not allow for perfect chain alignment during solid-state drawing. The β-phase i-PP, obtained by addition of specific nucleating agents, crystallizes in a non-cross-hatched spherulitic structure and allows more easy drawing. Depending on the filler type, β–α transformation takes place at different draw ratios, as was observed by in situ wide-angle X-ray diffraction measurements. It was observed that β-nucleated i-PP has a lower yield stress and can be drawn further than i-PP crystallized in the α-crystal phase. If added in the right amount, both carbon black and sepiolite have a reinforcing effect on PP tapes. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Modification of proton conductive channels (PCCs) in Nafion has been achieved with the assistance of 3, 4-dimethylbenzaldehyde (DMBA). During annealing, ionic clusters develop from small isolated spheres (1.72 nm) to wide continuous channels (5.15 nm), and the crystallinity of Nafion/DMBA membranes is also improved from 17% to 32% as shown by X-ray diffraction. Molecular dynamic simulation reveals that hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interaction between DMBA and Nafion work synergistically to achieve better phase separation. The morphology–property relationship shows that, versus various PCCs width, the corresponding proton conductivities vary greatly from 0.079 to 0.139 S/cm at 80 °C. By carefully tuning the width of PCCs, the proton conductivity shows an improvement of 22–34% as compared with pristine Nafion. A significant enhancement on the maximum power density is achieved for the membrane electrode assembly on Nafion/DMBA-8h (as high as 1018 mW/cm−2), yielding an enhancement of 39% on pristine Nafion-8h (730 mW/cm−2). © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The architecture effects on phases and surface enrichment behaviors of epoxy nanocomposites containing fluorinated block copolymers are investigated by the incorporation of two novel copolymers composed of poly (2, 2, 2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate) (PTFEMA) and poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL), PCL-b-PTFEMA and PTFEMA-b-PCL-b-PTFEMA, with identical molecular weight and composition. These fluorinated copolymers in epoxy display distinguished self-assembled structures, as evidenced by dynamic laser scattering and scanning electron microscopy measurements. Static contact angle detection suggests that the nanocomposites display an obvious improvement in surface water repellency and a reduction in surface free energy. The enhancement in surface hydrophobicity is attributed to the enrichment of PTFEMA blocks at the nanocomposite surface and to the formation of the specific surface morphology, as confirmed by atomic force microscopy. The different architectures of the two block copolymers give rise to differences in phase-structures, and the ultimate surface performances of composites. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In situ silica was synthesized in three non-vulcanized rubber matrices, namely natural rubber, styrene-butadiene rubber, and EPDM (ethylene-propylene diene ter-polymer), using the sol–gel method with tetra-ethoxysilane (TEOS) as silica precursor and hexylamine as catalyst. The effect of the reaction parameters such as the amount of TEOS, the reaction time (15–120 min), and the type of rubber was explored. Transmission electron microscopy was used to study the gradient in silica content and particle size over the sample thickness. The diffusion gradient of TEOS and catalyst solution in the rubber matrix responsible for the gradient was studied with Fick's law. An excellent dispersion of silica was obtained for all rubbers, even for the very non-polar EPDM, without the use of any additives to improve the dispersion. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study seeks to investigate how the enhanced properties of the nanoclay E-glass/epoxy composite can withstand the combined effects of ultraviolet radiation, moisture, and rain. The montmorillonite nanoclay's affinity to moisture compounded the moisture absorption ability of the nanoclay E-glass/epoxy composites. The moisture in the polymer structure caused delamination, debonding of the fibers/matrix, microvoids, and fiber pullouts. The high clay content (2 wt %), therefore, recorded the highest rate of degradation of 15% in flexural stress for the first 20 days, compared to about 8 and 6% loss for the unmodified (0 wt %) and 1 wt % composites respectively. However, as the aging progressed beyond 20 days, the rate of degradation of the nanoclay E-glass/epoxy composites laminates was steady at 10 and 18%, respectively, for the 1 and 2 wt %, while that of the unmodified polymer continued to degrade progressively. On the contrary, the viscoelastic properties of the nanoclay E-glass/epoxy composites continued to deteriorate at a faster rate than the unmodified polymer composite. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Control of the crystallization of conjugated polymers is of critical importance to the performance of organic electronics, such as organic photovoltaic devices, due to the effect on charge separation and transport, particularly for all-polymer devices. The block copolymer poly(3-dodecylthiophene)-block-poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (P3DDT-b-PF), which has matched crystallization temperatures for each block, is used to study the effects of processing history on resulting crystallization. For longer annealing times and rapid quenching to room temperature, P3DDT crystals are preferred whereas for shorter annealing times and slower quenching, PF crystals are preferred. Both crystal forms are evidenced for long annealing time and slow quenching. Additionally, for room temperature annealing in the presence of a chloroform vapor, PF crystals are found in the PF β phase with the predominant crystal peak oriented perpendicular to the thermally annealed case. These results will provide guidance for optimizing annealing strategies for future donor/acceptor block copolymer photovoltaic devices. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2014
    Journal of Polymer Science Part B Polymer Physics 05/2014;

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