American heart journal (Am Heart J)
American Heart Journal has been a trusted resource for cardiologists and general practice physicians for more than 70 years. Now under new editorship, the Journal has refocused its content to respond to the information needs of the cardiology community. In addition to publishing results of important clinical investigations, the Journal addresses such topics as cost-effectiveness, design of clinical trials, reports of negative clinical trials, and the changing organization of medical care. A new feature - AHJ at the Meetings - reports the key findings from major cardiovascular meetings, providing readers with ready access to the most recent clinical research data. Read and respected throughout the world, American Heart Journal ranks in the top 3.7% of the 4,625 scientific journals most frequently cited ( Science Citation Index ).
- Impact factor4.65
- WebsiteAmerican Heart Journal website
Other titlesAmerican heart journal (Online), American heart journal
Material typeDocument, Periodical, Internet resource
Document typeInternet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper
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- Pre-print can not be deposited for The Lancet
Publications in this journal
Article: Impact of catalytic iron on mortality in patients with acute coronary syndrome exposed to iodinated radiocontrast-The Iscom Study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Catalytic iron (CI) mediates vascular injury by generating reactive oxygen species. We evaluated role of CI in predicting mortality in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and studied association of contrast nephropathy with CI levels. We investigated 806 patients with ACS undergoing contrast exposure for a cardiac procedure who were followed up for 30 days. Overall mortality was 1.6% at 30 days. Catalytic iron at baseline predicted mortality with CI levels significantly higher in those who died, 0.45 μmol/L (0.37, 0.68) compared with survivors 0.31 μmol/L (0.21, 0.40); P = .004. Catalytic iron was associated with increased risk of death in the highest quartile compared with lower 3 quartiles (hazard ratio 7.88, P = .001) after adjustment for age, diabetes, ST deviation, Killip class, ejection fraction, baseline creatinine, hemoglobin level, and troponin. Fifty-five patients (6.8%) developed contrast nephropathy. Patients with contrast nephropathy had a 27% increase in median CI levels from baseline up to 48 hours compared with a marginal 2.9% increase in those without contrast nephropathy (0.37, 0.14 μmol/L to 0.47, 0.20 μmol/L versus 0.35, 0.12 μmol/L to 0.36, 0.14 μmol/L, P < .0001). Patients with contrast nephropathy had significantly higher mortality compared with those without contrast nephropathy (9.1% vs 1.1%, P = .001). High baseline CI levels predicted mortality in patients with ACS. Occurrence of contrast nephropathy was associated with rise in CI levels and higher mortality. Therapeutic options to buffer or chelate CI may have beneficial effects on mortality in this setting.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):744-51.
Article: Randomized trial comparing the efficacy between different types of paclitaxel-eluting stents: The comparison of Efficacy between COroflex PLEASe ANd Taxus stent (ECO-PLEASANT) randomized controlled trial.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Paclitaxel-eluting stents (PESs) have been shown to inhibit neointimal hyperplasia after percutaneous coronary intervention. Coroflex Please (B Braun, Melsungen, Germany) is a newly developed PES. We compared the clinical and angiographic efficacy of Coroflex Please with Taxus Liberte (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA) in a real-world practice. We performed a prospective, open-label, randomized, controlled study that enrolled 945 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions in 18 centers in Korea. The primary end point was clinically driven target vessel revascularization at 9 months. The baseline characteristics were mostly similar and comparable between 2 groups. At 9 months, the incidence of clinically driven target vessel revascularization was 14.6% for Coroflex and 6.4% for Taxus, which was significantly different (hazard ratio 2.43, 95% CI 1.50-3.94, noninferiority P value = 1.000). This is well corroborated by the difference of in-stent late loss between 2 stents (0.71 ± 0.64 mm vs 0.52 ± 0.50 mm, P < .001) by 9-month follow-up angiography (n = 415 vs 215). Among secondary clinical end points, stent thrombosis (definite and probable) for 1 year was 2.2% in Coroflex and 1.3% in Taxus (P = .317). Also, myocardial infarction for 9 months was higher in Coroflex group than that in Taxus (4.9% vs 1.6%, P = .012), which was partly contributed by the higher incidence of periprocedural myocardial infarction in Coroflex arm (2.2% vs 0.3%, P = .028). Coroflex Please was inferior to Taxus Liberte with regard to clinical and angiographic efficacy.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):733-43.
Article: Access to heart failure care post emergency department visit: Do we meet established benchmarks and does it matter?[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The Canadian Cardiology Society recommends that patients should be seen within 2 weeks after an emergency department (ED) visit for heart failure (HF). We sought to investigate whether patients who had an ED visit for HF subsequently consult a physician within the current established benchmark, to explore factors related to physician consultation, and to examine whether delay in consultation is associated with adverse events (AEs) (death, hospitalization, or repeat ED visit). Patients were recruited by nurses at 8 hospital EDs in Québec, Canada, and interviewed by telephone within 6weeks of discharge and subsequently at 3 and 6months. Clinical variables were extracted from medical charts by nurses. We used Cox regression in the analysis. We enrolled 410 patients (mean age 74.9 ± 11.1years, 53% males) with a confirmed primary diagnosis of HF. Only 30% consulted with a physician within 2weeks post-ED visit. By 4weeks, 51% consulted a physician. Over the 6-month follow-up, 26% returned to the ED, 25% were hospitalized, and 9% died. Patients who were followed up within 4weeks were more likely to be older and have higher education and a worse quality of life. Patients who consulted a physician within 4weeks of ED discharge had a lower risk of AEs (hazard ratio 0.59, 95% CI 0.35-0.99). Prompt follow-up post-ED visit for HF is associated with lower risk for major AEs. Therefore, adherence to current HF guideline benchmarks for timely follow-up post-ED visit is crucial.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):725-32.
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ABSTRACT: Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and a P2Y12 receptor blocker is an established regimen to reduce the risk of ischemic event occurrence in patients with high-risk cardiovascular (CV) disease. Cigarette smoking is an important cardiovascular risk factor. However, several investigators have reported what may be termed a "new" "smoker's paradox", whereby clopidogrel-treated nonsmokers appear to have either less or no CV-event reduction when compared to the substantial CV-event reduction in clopidogrel-treated smokers based on several large-scale trials. This "smoker's paradox" observed in multiple clinical outcome studies is also supported by emerging "real-world" data that also suggest clopidogrel nonsmokers do not fare as well as smokers treated with clopidogrel. In support of the new "smoker's paradox", pharmacodynamic studies have also shown that smoking status influences clopidogrel responsiveness in healthy volunteers, acute coronary syndrome patients, and patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. Finally, there is a substantial, albeit not entirely consistent, body of pharmacodynamic and clinical outcome data supporting a reduced antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel in non-smokers as compared to smokers. The clinical relevance of this interaction has never been demonstrated in a prospective trial. The focus of this review is to critically evaluate the reported interaction between cigarette smoking status and thienopyridine efficacy.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):693-703.
Article: Treatment of functional mitral valve regurgitation with the permanent percutaneous transvenous mitral annuloplasty system: Results of the multicenter international Percutaneous Transvenous Mitral Annuloplasty System to Reduce Mitral Valve Regurgitation in Patients with Heart Failure trial.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: PTOLEMY-2 was a prospective multicenter phase I single-arm feasibility trial to evaluate the second-generation permanent percutaneous transvenous mitral annuloplasty (PTMA) device in reducing functional mitral regurgitation (MR). Percutaneous MR reduction has been performed through a direct method of clipping and securing the mitral leaflets together or an indirect approach of reducing mitral annular dimension via the coronary sinus. The PTMA device is the only coronary sinus mitral repair device without a static fixation element. Patients with at least moderate functional MR, New York Heart Association functional class II to IV, and left ventricular ejection fraction of 20% to 50% were enrolled at 14 centers in 5 countries. Device effects on patients were assessed by serial echocardiography, quality of life (QOL), and exercise capacity metrics. A total of 43 patients were recruited, and 30 patients (70%) were implanted with a permanent PTMA device with a mean follow-up of 5.8 ± 3.8 months. The primary safety end point (freedom from death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or emergency surgery) at 30 days was met in 28 patients, whereas 2 patients died of device-related complications. The primary efficacy end point (MR reduction of at least 1.0 grade or reduction of regurgitant orifice area by 0.1 cm(2) or regurgitant volume by 15 mL or regurgitant fraction by 10% compared with baseline) was obtained in 13 patients. No significant changes were noted in MR parameters, ventricular volumes, or QOL. Distance walked on 6 minutes testing at 6-month follow-up increased from 331 ± 167 m to 417 ± 132 m (P = .65). Compared with nonresponders, responders had a higher baseline regurgitant orifice area >0.2 cm(2) (P = .001) and less prior history of myocardial infarction (P = .02), coronary artery bypass surgery (P = .03), and ischemic MR (P = .04). Overall, PTMA had mild impact on MR reduction, left ventricular remodeling, QOL, and exercise capacity. During follow-up, the risk/benefit ratio remained suboptimal.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):761-9.
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ABSTRACT: Significant disparities exist in cardiovascular outcomes based on race/ethnicity and gender. Rates of evidence-based medication use and long-term medication adherence also appear to be lower in racial subgroups and women but have been subject to little attention. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of race/ethnicity and gender on adherence to statin therapy for primary or secondary prevention. Studies were identified through a systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (through April 1, 2010) and manual examination of references in selected articles. Studies reporting on adherence to statins by men and women or patients of white and nonwhite race were included. Information on study design, adherence measurement, duration, geographic location, sample size, and patient demographics was extracted using a standardized protocol. From 3,022 potentially relevant publications, 53 studies were included. Compared with men, women had a 10% greater odds of nonadherence (odds ratio 1.10, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07-1.13). Nonwhite race patients had a 53% greater odds of nonadherence than white race patients (odds ratio 1.53, 95% CI 1.25-1.87). There was significant heterogeneity in the pooled estimate for gender (I(2) 0.95, P value for heterogeneity <.001) and race (I(2) 0.98, P value for heterogeneity <.001). The overall results remained unchanged in those subgroups that had significantly less heterogeneity. Among patients prescribed statins, women and nonwhite patients are at increased risk for nonadherence. Further research is needed to identify interventions best suited to improve adherence in these populations.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):665-678.e1.
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ABSTRACT: Scimitar syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly. We evaluated risk factors for postoperative pulmonary vein stenosis or death and predictive factors for survival without scimitar vein surgery in patients with scimitar syndrome. The records of patients with scimitar syndrome evaluated at our medical center between 1964 and 2011 were reviewed. Scimitar syndrome was identified in 80 patients, with a median follow-up of 4.5 years. Patients presenting less than 1 year of age had a higher incidence of symptoms, aortopulmonary collaterals, coexisting congenital heart disease (CHD), extracardiac anomalies, and pulmonary hypertension. Of 36 patients having scimitar vein surgery, 18 had postoperative pulmonary vein obstruction that occurred with similar frequency after baffle or reimplantation procedures, early or late in the study period, and tended to be more common in infants (P = .10). Overall, 19 (24%) of 80 died. Multivariate risk factors for death included systolic pulmonary pressure >0.5 systemic level (P = .007) and left pulmonary vein stenosis (P = .009). Pulmonary artery systolic pressure <0.5 systemic level (P = .01) and absence of CHD excluding atrial septal defect (P = .01) were predictive factors in 28 patients who survived and did not have scimitar vein surgery; these patients had no or mild right ventricular dilation and a ratio of pulmonary-to-systemic flow <1.6 either at baseline, after coiling aortopulmonary collaterals or nonscimitar vein intervention. Postoperative pulmonary vein obstruction is common after scimitar vein surgery regardless of redirection technique. Pulmonary hypertension and left pulmonary vein stenosis are risk factors for death, whereas patients without significant pulmonary hypertension or associated CHD did well without scimitar vein surgery. These observations may guide management decisions in patients with scimitar syndrome.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):770-7.
Article: Comment on: "A proposal for new clinical concepts in the management of atrial fibrillation".American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):e25.
Article: Benefits and costs of intensive lifestyle modification programs for symptomatic coronary disease in Medicare beneficiaries.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study reports outcomes of a Medicare-sponsored demonstration of two intensive lifestyle modification programs (LMPs) in patients with symptomatic coronary heart disease: the Cardiac Wellness Program of the Benson-Henry Mind Body Institute (MBMI) and the Dr Dean Ornish Program for Reversing Heart Disease® (Ornish). This multisite demonstration, conducted between 2000 and 2008, enrolled Medicare beneficiaries who had had an acute myocardial infarction or a cardiac procedure within the preceding 12 months or had stable angina pectoris. Health and economic outcomes are compared with matched controls who had received either traditional or no cardiac rehabilitation following similar cardiac events. Each program included a 1-year active intervention of exercise, diet, small-group support, and stress reduction. Medicare claims were used to examine 3-year outcomes. The analysis includes 461 elderly, fee-for-service, Medicare participants and 1,795 controls. Cardiac and non-cardiac hospitalization rates were lower in participants than controls in each program and were statistically significant in MBMI (P < .01). Program costs of $3,801 and $4,441 per participant for the MBMI and Ornish Programs, respectively, were offset by reduced health care costs yielding non-significant three-year net savings per participant of about $3,500 in MBMI and $1,000 in Ornish. A trend towards lower mortality compared with controls was observed in MBMI participants (P = .07). Intensive, year-long LMPs reduced hospitalization rates and suggest reduced Medicare costs in elderly beneficiaries with symptomatic coronary heart disease.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):785-92.
Article: Sensitive troponin assays and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide in acute coronary syndrome: Prediction of significant coronary lesions and long-term prognosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Sensitive troponin assays have substantially improved early diagnosis of myocardial infarction. However, the role of sensitive cardiac troponin (cTn) assays in prediction of significant coronary lesions and long-term prognosis in non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) remains unresolved. This prospective study includes 458 consecutive patients with NSTE-ACS admitted for coronary angiography. Serum levels of 4 commercial available sensitive troponin assays were analyzed (Roche high-sensitive cTnT [hs-cTnT; Roche Diagnostics, Basel, Switzerland], Siemens cTnI Ultra [Siemens, Munich, Germany], Abbott-Architect cTnI [Abbott, Abbott Park, IL], Access Accu-cTnI [Beckman Coulter, Nyon, Switzerland]), as well as a standard assay (Roche cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), before coronary angiography. The relationship between the analyzed biomarkers and significant coronary lesions on coronary angiography, as quantified by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, was significantly higher with Roche hs-cTnT, Siemens cTnI Ultra, and Access Accu-cTnI as compared with standard troponin T assay (P < .001 for all comparisons). This difference was mainly caused by increased sensitivity below the 99th percentile. Also, NT-proBNP was associated with the presence of significant coronary lesions. Cardiac troponin values were correlated with cardiac death (primary end point) during 1373 (1257-1478) days of follow-up. In both univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses, NT-proBNP was superior to both hs-cTnT and cTnI in prediction of cardiovascular mortality. Troponin values with all assays were correlated with the need for repeated revascularization (secondary end point) during follow-up. Sensitive cTn assays are superior to standard cTnT assay in prediction of significant coronary lesions in patients with NSTE-ACS. However, this improvement is primary caused by increased sensitivity below the 99th percentile. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide is superior to cTns in prediction of long-term mortality.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):716-24.
American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):e21.
Article: Comparative effectiveness of coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous coronary intervention for multivessel coronary disease in a community-based population with chronic kidney disease.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Randomized clinical trials comparing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have largely excluded patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), leading to uncertainty about the optimal coronary revascularization strategy. We sought to test the hypothesis that an initial strategy of CABG would be associated with lower risks of long-term mortality and cardiovascular morbidity compared with PCI for the treatment of multivessel coronary heart disease in the setting of CKD. We created a propensity score-matched cohort of patients aged ≥30 years with no prior dialysis or renal transplant who received multivessel coronary revascularization between 1996 and 2008 within a large integrated health care delivery system in northern California. We used extended Cox regression to examine death from any cause, acute coronary syndrome, and repeat revascularization. Coronary artery bypass grafting was associated with a significantly lower adjusted rate of death than PCI across all strata of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (in mL/min per 1.73 m(2)): the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) was 0.81, 95% CI 0.68 to 1.00 for patients with eGFR ≥60; HR 0.73 (CI 0.56-0.95) for eGFR of 45 to 59; and HR 0.87 (CI 0.67-1.14) for eGFR <45. Coronary artery bypass grafting was also associated with significantly lower rates of acute coronary syndrome and repeat revascularization at all levels of eGFR compared with PCI. Among adults with and without CKD, multivessel CABG was associated with lower risks of death and coronary events compared with multivessel PCI.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):800-808.e2.
Article: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury and clinical outcomes after intra-arterial and intravenous contrast administration: Risk comparison adjusted for patient characteristics by design.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Direct comparisons between risk of contrast induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) after intra-arterial versus intravenous contrast administration are scarce. We estimated and compared the risk of CI-AKI and its clinical course after both modes of contrast administration in patients who underwent both. One hundred seventy patients who received both intra-arterial and intravenous contrast injections within one year between 2001 and 2010 were included. Primary outcome was occurrence of CI-AKI. Secondary outcomes were duration of hospital stay, the need for dialysis, recovery of renal function, and mortality. The risk of CI-AKI was 24/170 (14.0%, 95% CI 9.6-20.2) after intra-arterial contrast injection versus 20/170 (11.7%, 95% CI 7.7-17.5) after intravenous contrast administration, which led to a relative risk of 1.2 (95% CI 0.7-2.1). None of the patients had a need for dialysis. Median duration of hospital stay in CI-AKI patients was 15.0 days (2.5-97.5, percentile 1-92) after intra-arterial and 15.5 days (2.5-97.5, percentile 0-38) after intravenous contrast procedures. Renal function recovered after CI-AKI in 13/24 after intra-arterial and in 10/20 patients after intravenous contrast administration. Mortality risks in CI-AKI patients were slightly higher than in non-CI-AKI patients, hazard ratios 1.6 (95% CI 0.7-3.7) for intra-arterial and 1.7 (95% CI 0.7-4.4) for intravenous contrast administration, adjusted for confounders. The risk of CI-AKI, and its clinical course was similar after intra-arterial and intravenous contrast media administration, after adjustment by design for patient-related risk factors.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):793-799.e1.
Article: Characteristics of children and young adults with Marfan syndrome and aortic root dilation in a randomized trial comparing atenolol and losartan therapy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The Pediatric Heart Network designed a clinical trial to compare aortic root growth and other short-term cardiovascular outcomes in children and young adults with Marfan syndrome randomized to receive atenolol or losartan. We report here the characteristics of the screened population and enrolled subjects. Between 2007 and 2011, 21 clinical sites randomized 608 subjects, aged 6 months to 25 years who met the original Ghent criteria and had a body surface area-adjusted aortic root diameter z-score >3.0. The mean age at study entry was 11.2 years, 60% were male, and 25% were older teenagers and young adults. The median aortic root diameter z-score was 4.0. Aortic root diameter z-score did not vary with age. Mitral valve prolapse and mitral regurgitation were more common in females. Among those with a positive family history, 56% had a family member with aortic surgery, and 32% had a family member with a history of aortic dissection. Baseline demographic, clinical, and anthropometric characteristics of the randomized cohort are representative of patients in this population with moderate to severe aortic root dilation. The high percentage of young subjects with relatives who have had aortic dissection or surgery illustrates the need for more definitive therapy; we expect that the results of the study and the wealth of systematic data collected will make an important contribution to the management of individuals with Marfan syndrome.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):828-835.e3.
Article: The outcome of intra-aortic balloon pump support in acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock according to the type of revascularization: A comprehensive meta-analysis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Despite the recommendations of the current guidelines, scientific evidence continue to challenge the effectiveness of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock. Moreover, 2 recent meta-analyses showed contrasting results. The aim of this study is to test the effect of IABP according to the type of therapeutic treatment of AMI: percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), thrombolytic therapy (TT), or medical therapy without reperfusion. Articles published from January 1, 1986, to December 31, 2012, were collected and analyzed by meta-analysis. We evaluated the IABP impact on inhospital mortality, on safety end points (stroke, severe bleeding) and long-term survival, using risk ratio (RR) and risk difference (RD) estimates. We found that the risk of death was (i) not significantly different between the IABP and control groups (RR 0.95, P = .52; RD -0.04, P = .28), (ii) significantly reduced in the TT subgroup (RR 0.77, P < .0001; RD -0.16, P < .0001), and (iii) significantly increased in the PCI subgroup (RR 1.18, P = .01; RD 0.07, P = .01). There were no significant differences in secondary end points (P, not significant). In addition, we compared the meta-analyses collected over the same search period. The results show that IABP support is significantly effective in TT reperfusion but is associated with a significant increase of the inhospital mortality with primary PCI. The comparison of the meta-analyses demonstrates the key role of analysing primary clinical treatments to avoid systematic errors.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):679-92.
Article: Current medical management of stable coronary artery disease before and after elective percutaneous coronary intervention.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for stable coronary artery disease (CAD) is not superior to optimal medical therapy. It remains unclear if patients who receive PCI for stable CAD are receiving appropriate medical therapy. We evaluated the medical management of 60,386 patients who underwent PCI for stable CAD between 2004 and 2009. We excluded patients with contraindications to aspirin, clopidogrel, statins, or β-blockers (BBs). We defined essential medical therapy of stable CAD as treatment with aspirin, statin, and BB before PCI and treatment with aspirin, clopidogrel, and statin after PCI. Essential medical therapy was used in 53.0% of patients before PCI and 82.1% at discharge. Aspirin was used in 94.8% patients before PCI and 98.3% of after PCI. Statins were used in 69.5% of patients before PCI and 84.5% after PCI. β-Blockers were used in 72.8% of patients before PCI. Clopidogrel was used in 97.3% of patients after PCI. Patients with a history of myocardial infarction or revascularization before PCI had better medical therapy compared with patients without such a history (62.8% vs 34.3% [P < .001] before PCI and 83.6% vs 79.1% [P < .001] after PCI). After adjusting for confounders and clustering, women (odds ratio 0.74, 95% CI 0.71-0.78) and patients on dialysis (odds ratio 0.68, 95% CI 0.57-0.80) were less likely to receive a statin at discharge. Medical therapy remains underused before and after PCI for stable CAD. Women are less likely to receive statin therapy. There are significant opportunities to optimize medical therapy in patients with stable CAD.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):778-84.
Article: Impact of preoperative chronic kidney disease on short- and long-term outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: A Pooled-RotterdAm-Milano-Toulouse In Collaboration Plus (PRAGMATIC-Plus) initiative substudy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Only limited and conflicting data on the impact of preoperative chronic kidney disease (CKD) on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are available. We retrospectively analyzed pooled data from the prospective TAVI databases of 4 centers (942 patients). Valve Academic Research Consortium end point definitions were used. The outcomes were compared among patients with normal estimated glomerular filtration rate (≥90 mL/min), mild (60-89 mL/min), moderate (30-59 mL/min), and severe (<30 mL/min) CKD and those on chronic hemodialysis (HD). The primary end point was 1-year survival. A total of 109 patients had a normal estimated glomerular filtration rate (11.6%); 329 (34.9%) had mild, 399 (42.5%) moderate, 72 (7.5%) severe CKD, and 33 (3.5%) were on HD. Baseline and procedural characteristics were similar among all groups except for Logistic EuroSCORE. Major stroke, life-threatening bleeding, all-cause 30-day mortality (HD 15.2%, severe CKD 8.3%, moderate CKD 8.3%, mild CKD 6.7%, normal 1.8%, P = .007) and 1-year survival (HD 54.8%, severe CKD 67.2%, moderate CKD 80.0%, mild CKD 85.2%, normal eGFR 91.4%, HD vs severe CKD P = .23, severe CKD vs moderate CKD P = .002, moderate CKD vs mild CKD P = .04, moderate CKD vs normal eGFR P = .03, by log-rank test) differed significantly across groups. Through multivariable analysis, HD and severe CKD were independently associated with an increased risk of 1-year mortality (hazard ratios 5.07 [95% CI 1.79-14.35, P = .002] and 4.03 [95% CI 1.52-10.69, P = .005], respectively). Patients with CKD who undergo TAVI have a higher-risk profile and worse 30-day and 1-year outcomes. Chronic hemodialysis and severe preprocedural CKD are independently associated with an increased risk of 1-year mortality after TAVI.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):752-60.
Article: High mortality risks after major lower extremity amputation in Medicare patients with peripheral artery disease.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Little is known regarding the contemporary outcomes of older patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing major lower extremity (LE) amputation in the United States. We sought to characterize clinical outcomes and factors associated with outcomes after LE amputation in patients with PAD. Using data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2008, we examined the national patterns of mortality after major LE amputation among patients 65 years or older with PAD. Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate the association between clinical variables, comorbid conditions, year of index amputation, geographic variation, and major LE amputation. Among 186,338 older patients with identified PAD who underwent major LE amputation, the mortality rate was 13.5% at 30 days, 48.3% at 1 year, and 70.9% at 3 years. Age per 5-year increase (hazard ratio [HR] 1.29, 95% CI 1.29-1.29), history of heart failure (HR 1.71, 95% CI 1.71-1.72), renal disease (HR 1.84. 95% CI 1.83-1.85), cancer (HR 1.71, 95% CI 1.70-1.72), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR 1.33, 95% CI, 1.32-1.33) were all independently associated with death after major LE amputation. Subjects who underwent above knee amputation had a statistically higher hazard of death when compared with subjects who underwent LE amputation at more distal locations (HR with above the knee amputation 1.31, 95% CI 1.25-1.36). Older patients with PAD undergoing major LE amputation still face a slightly high mortality risk, with almost half of all patients with PAD dying within a year of major LE amputation.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):809-815.e1.
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ABSTRACT: Automated implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have become standard therapy for patients at high risk for sudden cardiac death. Linked data allow examination of trends in use and long-term survival after ICD implantation in an adult population. Linked state-wide person-based data on hospital admissions and deaths from 1980 to 2009 were used to identify incident cases of ICD implantation. Population rates were calculated using census data. Kaplan-Meier techniques were used to describe cumulative survival. Cox regression models were used to determine the factors associated with the outcomes. Between 1988 and 2009, 1593 devices were implanted in patients in Western Australia, rising from 2 in 1988 to 245 in 2009; standardized population rates rose from 0.8 in 100000 in 1995 to 14.9 in 100000 in 2009. Mean age rose from 52.6 (SD 11.6) to 64.1 (11.4) years. Ventricular tachycardia (23%), cardiomyopathy (18%), and heart failure (16%) were the most frequent principal diagnoses. Ischemic heart disease was present in 49% of patients. Five-year cumulative survival was 0.74 (SE 0.01), and at 10 years, 0.53 (SE 0.03); median survival was 11.3 years. Readmission within a year, older age, heart failure, device complications, and chronic ischemic heart disease were associated with poorer survival. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator use in adults at risk for sudden cardiac death has grown rapidly. Readmission within 12 months of discharge is associated with worse medium and long-term mortality. Survival for most patients younger than 65 years exceeds 10 years and 5 years for those aged ≥75 years.American heart journal 05/2013; 165(5):816-22.
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