Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice (CLIN TECH SMALL AN P )

Publisher: Elsevier

Description

Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice fills a unique niche: providing practitioners with a convenient, comprehensive resource to enhance their office practice of veterinary medicine. There is currently no other periodical that provides such detailed, procedure-oriented information. The journal focuses on techniques in use in the average clinical practice: radiographic positioning, dental techniques, reproduction, surgery, and emergency and critical care techniques. In addition, issues include a section on avoidance and treatment of complications.

  • Impact factor
    0.82
    Show impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.14
  • Cited half-life
    6.30
  • Immediacy index
    0.00
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.26
  • Website
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice website
  • Other titles
    Topics in companion animal medicine
  • ISSN
    1096-2867
  • OCLC
    150539420
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Elsevier

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Voluntary deposit by author of pre-print allowed on Institutions open scholarly website and pre-print servers
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and publisher exists
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PMC after 12 months
    • Authors who are required to deposit in subject repositories may also use Sponsorship Option
    • Pre-print can not be deposited for The Lancet
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: Therapeutic exercise is a key component of any rehabilitation program and should be included as part of the concurrent care of any patient whether that patient has two or four legs. Physical therapists have been utilizing therapeutic exercises with great success since the conception of the profession in the beginning of the twentieth century and it has been demonstrated to be fundamental in improving function, performance and disability. Therapeutic exercise can consist of a variety of exercises inclusive of balance, strengthening, range of motion, endurance, and plyometric activities. The goals of therapeutic exercises include the restoration of movement, improvement of function and strength, improvement in gait and balance, and the prevention and the promotion of health, wellness, and fitness. Specific exercises are aimed at restoring strength, power and work, or endurance, or a combination. Therapeutic exercises are also utilized to increase range of motion, decrease pain, improve balance and proprioception, and restore function.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 12/2007; 22(4):155-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) injury is a leading cause of lameness in dogs. Recent advances in diagnostic visualization and surgical treatments for CCL injury have stimulated an increased emphasis on early clinical recognition and an early return to function. Many surgical treatments have been described that aim to restore stifle joint stability and minimize the progression of osteoarthritis. Major advances have occurred not only in the treatment of CCL injury, but also in postoperative recovery, specifically, rehabilitation therapy. The benefits of rehabilitation therapy following CCL surgery are multifaceted including pain relief, decreased inflammation and swelling, increased tissue flexibility, strengthening, improved proprioception, improved limb and joint biomechanics, and improved weight-bearing. In this article, we introduce a variety of rehabilitation therapy options for postoperative CCL patients including modalities, manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, and the benchmarks for a full return to function.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 12/2007; 22(4):195-205.
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    ABSTRACT: Many problems in the hip area show movement dysfunctions of the hip joint in combination with the lumbar spine, sacroiliac joint, neurodynamic structures, and the muscular systems. Muscle strain injuries pertinent to the canine hip have been reported in the iliopsoas, pectineus, gracilis, sartorius, tensor fasciae latae, rectus femoris, and semitendinosus muscles. Physical diagnoses of this type of injury require palpation skills and the ability to specifically stretch the suspected musculotendinous tissue. Treatments shall incorporate modalities, stretches, specific exercises, and advisement on return to normal activity. Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is a common finding in many large breed dogs. Physical treatments, preventative therapies, and rehabilitation could have a large role to play in the management of nonsurgical CHD patients with the goal to create the best possible musculoskeletal environment for pain-free hip function and to delay or prevent the onset of degenerative joint disease. Osteoarthritic hip joints can benefit from early detection and subsequent treatment. Physical therapists have long utilized manual testing techniques and clinical reasoning to diagnose early-onset joint osteoarthritis and therapeutic treatments consisting of correcting muscle dysfunctions, relieving pain, joint mobilizations, and advisement on lifestyle modifications could be equally beneficial to the canine patient. As well, sacroiliac joint dysfunctions may also afflict the dog. An understanding of the anatomy and biomechanics of the canine sacroiliac joint and application of clinical assessment and treatment techniques from the human field may be substantially beneficial for dogs suffering from lumbopelvic or hindlimb issues.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 12/2007; 22(4):183-94.
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    ABSTRACT: Physical therapy is commonly used postoperatively in humans to decrease pain, inflammation and recovery time. The same goals can be achieved in our veterinary patients using similar modalities such as; cryotherapy, passive range of motion, massage, transcutaneous electrical stimulation and low-level light laser therapy. When used in the first 48 hours following surgery, the reduction in pain, increased mobility, and decreased inflammation will aid in early return to normal function. Applied appropriately these treatments have both immediate and long term benefits.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 12/2007; 22(4):166-70.
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    ABSTRACT: Physical rehabilitation modalities such as therapeutic ultrasound (TU), transcutaneous electrical neuromuscular stimulation (TENS), neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), cold or low-level laser therapy (LLLT), and pulsed magnetic field therapy (PMF) can all, when used properly, assist in treating orthopedic injuries, neurological conditions, and chronic conditions brought about by normal aging in our small animal companions. TU uses sound waves to produce both thermal and nonthermal effects that aid in tissue healing, repair, and function. TENS uses different frequencies of electrical current to decrease pain and inflammation. NMES also uses an electrical current to stimulate muscle contraction to assist in normal neuromuscular function in postorthopedic and neurological injuries. LLLT uses light energy to reduce pain, decrease inflammation, and stimulate healing at a cellular level. PMF uses magnetic field to stimulate normal cellular ion exchange and oxygen utilization and promote generalized healing of tissues. These modalities are discussed in detail covering mechanism of action, parameters, settings, and indications/contraindications of use in our small animals. Although these modalities are important in the physical rehabilitation of small animals, they need to be incorporated with a proper diagnosis, manual therapy, and home exercise program into a specific and individualized patient treatment protocol.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 12/2007; 22(4):160-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Companion animal rehabilitation, a collaborative practice of physical therapy and veterinary medicine, can only demonstrate the effectiveness of its theories, techniques, interventions, and modalities through evidence-based practice, utilizing standardized, reliable, and valid outcome measures, correlated with objective diagnostic data. This essay examines existing and potential objective outcome measures utilized in companion animal rehabilitation and physical therapy regarding pain, vital signs, body condition and composition, range of motion, muscle strength, inflammation, functional mobility, and gait. Discussion is included of the traditional disablement model and the evolution of the physical therapy diagnosis, prognosis, and plan of care.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 12/2007; 22(4):146-54.
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    ABSTRACT: Ultrasound can be used to detect and evaluate both normal and abnormal lymph nodes, as well as aid in biopsy sampling procedures, an important part of staging procedures in cancer patients. Several parameters can be evaluated using ultrasound; lymph node size, margins, echogenicity, echopattern (echotexture), acoustic transmission, presence and distribution of vascular flow, and vascular flow indices. The most diagnostically helpful include the short/long axis ratio of the lymph node, the pattern of distribution of the blood vessels within the lymph node, and to some extent the resistive and pulsatility indices. This review discusses the use of ultrasound for detecting, evaluating, and sampling peripheral, abdominal and thoracic lymph nodes in small animals.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 09/2007; 22(3):128-37.
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    ABSTRACT: Images generated as part of the sonographic examination are an integral part of the medical record and must be retained according to local regulations. The standard medical image format, known as DICOM (Digital Imaging and COmmunications in Medicine) makes it possible for images from many different imaging modalities, including ultrasound, to be distributed via a standard internet network to distant viewing workstations and a central archive in an almost seamless fashion. The DICOM standard is a truly universal standard for the dissemination of medical images. When purchasing an ultrasound unit, the consumer should research the unit's capacity to generate images in a DICOM format, especially if one wishes interconnectivity with viewing workstations and an image archive that stores other medical images. PACS, an acronym for Picture Archive and Communication System refers to the infrastructure that links modalities, workstations, the image archive, and the medical record information system into an integrated system, allowing for efficient electronic distribution and storage of medical images and access to medical record data.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 09/2007; 22(3):138-44.
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic disorders in dogs and cats are recognized with increasing frequency, and abdominal ultrasonography has assumed an important role in their diagnosis. The normal pancreas is a small, inconspicuous organ of comparable echogenicity to surrounding mesentery and may be difficult to identify. Therefore, knowledge of anatomic landmarks such as portal vein and contributing vessels, duodenum, and stomach is necessary to facilitate identification and examination. Pancreatic diseases and abnormalities frequently investigated by means of ultrasonography include pancreatitis, pseudocysts, abscesses, neoplastic lesions, and nodular hyperplasia. Disorders less commonly seen include exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, pancreatolithiasis, congenital anomalies, and pancreatic edema. Unfortunately, ultrasonographic findings in various pancreatic disorders overlap, and incidental findings or age-related changes may mimic pancreatic disease. On the other hand, pancreatic disorders may not cause changes in ultrasonographic appearance. Ultrasonographic findings, therefore, have to be judged in light of signalment, history, and laboratory data. Cytology or histopathology may be needed to establish a definite diagnosis. Despite these limitations, ultrasonography is useful in diagnosing pancreatic disease, guiding aspirates and biopsies, and monitoring response to treatment.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 09/2007; 22(3):115-21.
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    ABSTRACT: Sonography is an important diagnostic tool to examine the gastrointestinal tract of dogs with chronic diarrhea. Two-dimensional grayscale ultrasound parameters to assess for various enteropathies primarily focus on wall thickness and layering. Mild, generalized thickening of the intestinal wall with maintenance of the wall layering is common in inflammatory bowel disease. Quantitative and semi-quantitative spectral Doppler arterial waveform analysis can be utilized for various enteropathies, including inflammatory bowel disease and food allergies. Dogs with inflammatory bowel disease have inadequate hemodynamic responses during digestion of food. Dogs with food allergies have prolonged vasodilation and lower resistive and pulsatility indices after eating allergen-inducing foods.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 09/2007; 22(3):122-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The diagnostic investigation of portosystemic shunts (PSS) has evolved over the last few decades, helping to understand and identify these vascular anomalies that affect many dogs and cats. Ultrasonography has become an important tool in small animals and high-resolution systems are now widely available. Several sonographic features are observed with the different types of congenital and acquired PSS. A systematic, stepwise approach is described to facilitate ultrasound diagnosis of PSS in small animals.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 09/2007; 22(3):104-14.
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    ABSTRACT: Technical improvements have made profound changes in diagnostic ultrasound imaging. Some of these changes, such as encoded pulses and receive focusing, occur in the background and are essentially nonadjustable. Others, including harmonics and compounding, are real-time options and are adjustable by the imager. New technologies that offer great promise for improved characterization of lesions include contrast ultrasound and elastography. This article will attempt to update the small animal imager on the clinical applications of these newer technologies.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 09/2007; 22(3):93-103.
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    ABSTRACT: This article is a brief review of ultrasound beam formation. Some detailed components of the ultrasound machine are discussed as a primer for the subsequent article on recent technological advances. The components of the ultrasound transducer responsible for broad bandwidth technology and electronic focusing are discussed in the context of optimizing resolution. Other aspects of ultrasound physics, including artifacts and interactions with matter, are not discussed.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 09/2007; 22(3):90-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Eyelid neoplasms are common in the older dog and typically benign. Eyelid neoplasms in the cat are less common and more often malignant. Resection of eyelid masses may be curative; however, restoration of the eyelid structure after mass excision is essential for maintaining long-term ocular surface health. Surgical techniques and instrumentation for eyelid surgery are reviewed. Indications, benefits. and limitations of sharp excision, cryotherapy, and laser excision and ablation are discussed. Neoplasia of the third eyelid is also discussed.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 06/2007; 22(2):46-54.
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    ABSTRACT: Reconstruction of facial defects can be very challenging, even in the hands of an experienced surgeon. Most defects can be repaired using local available tissues. Lip defects can be reconstructed using geometric closure techniques and advancement of local tissues. Forehead defects can be reconstructed using skin grafts, caudal auricular flaps, or rotational or transposition flaps. Care must be taken to minimize tension on eyelids and maintain the integrity of the facial nerve. Cheek defects can be reconstructed using local advancement, superficial temporal, omocervical, and caudal auricular flaps. The bridge of the nose can be very difficult to reconstruct due to a paucity of local tissues; however, skin grafts, indirect pedicle flaps, and superficial temporal flaps can be considered. .
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 06/2007; 22(2):82-8.
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    ABSTRACT: There are numerous conditions that may result in defects of the hard and soft palate. Reconstruction of these defects may be difficult due to anatomical limitations and limited tissue availability. The majority of palate defects, even when large, may be closed using local and/or axial pattern flaps, while other more advanced techniques such as free tissue transfer and prosthetic implants are required in a smaller number of cases. This article describes the use of local and axial pattern flaps in the reconstruction of the hard and soft palate.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 06/2007; 22(2):61-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to review the therapeutic options available for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal planum in cats and dogs. The techniques of complete and partial nasal planum resection in the cat are described in detail. Surgical treatment offers the greatest chance of cure, although several options are available for early, less invasive lesions.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 06/2007; 22(2):42-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Malignant thyroid carcinomas are relatively common in dogs. The majority of tumors are unilateral and nonfunctional. Before deciding on treatment options, it is important to determine whether the tumor is freely moveable or fixed and invasive into adjacent tissues. Thyroidectomy is recommended for unilateral, mobile thyroid carcinomas. Radiation therapy or radioactive iodine therapy are recommended for dogs with invasive or bilateral thyroid carcinomas. The role of adjunctive chemotherapy is poorly defined, but should be considered in dogs with high-risk tumors, such as large or bilateral thyroid carcinomas. The prognosis is good following surgical treatment of mobile thyroid tumors and irradiation of fixed thyroid carcinomas, with median survival times greater than 3 years.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 06/2007; 22(2):75-81.
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    ABSTRACT: The most common cause of primary hyperparathyroidism in dogs and cats is a solitary adenoma involving an extracapsular parathyroid gland. The prognosis is excellent if the affected parathyroid gland is removed. Nonsurgical methods are discussed, although there are no current data to support any benefit over conventional surgery. The common postoperative complication to consider is hypocalcemia. Hypocalcemia can be successfully managed in these animals if it is anticipated and treated promptly.
    Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice 06/2007; 22(2):70-4.

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