Journal of Surgical Research (J Surg Res)

Publisher: Association for Academic Surgery (U.S.); Association of Veterans Administration Surgeons (U.S.), Elsevier

Journal description

The Journal of Surgical Research: Clinical and Laboratory Investigation publishes original articles concerned with clinical and laboratory investigations relevant to surgical practice and teaching. The journal emphasizes reports of clinical investigations or fundamental research bearing directly on surgical management that will be of general interest to a broad range of surgeons and surgical researchers. The articles presented need not have been the products of surgeons or of surgical laboratories.

Current impact factor: 1.94

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.936
2013 Impact Factor 2.121
2012 Impact Factor 2.018
2011 Impact Factor 2.247
2010 Impact Factor 2.239
2009 Impact Factor 2.176
2008 Impact Factor 1.875
2007 Impact Factor 1.836
2006 Impact Factor 2.038
2005 Impact Factor 1.956
2004 Impact Factor 1.727
2003 Impact Factor 1.735
2002 Impact Factor 1.726
2001 Impact Factor 1.663
2000 Impact Factor 1.674
1999 Impact Factor 1.429
1998 Impact Factor 1.362
1997 Impact Factor 1.119
1996 Impact Factor 1.45
1995 Impact Factor 1.156
1994 Impact Factor 1.205
1993 Impact Factor 1.227
1992 Impact Factor 1.362

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 2.08
Cited half-life 5.80
Immediacy index 0.41
Eigenfactor 0.02
Article influence 0.61
Website Journal of Surgical Research website
Other titles Journal of surgical research (Online), Journal of surgical research, Surgical research
ISSN 1095-8673
OCLC 36946638
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Pediatric facial fractures, although uncommon, have a significant impact on public health and the US economy by the coexistence of other injuries and developmental deformities. Violence is one of the most frequent mechanisms leading to facial fracture. Teaching hospitals, while educating future medical professionals, have been linked to greater resource utilization in differing scenarios. This study was designed to compare the differences in patient characteristics and outcomes between teaching and non-teaching hospitals for violence-related pediatric facial fractures. Methods: Using the 2000-2009 Kids' Inpatient Database, 3881 patients younger than 18 years were identified with facial fracture and external cause of injury code for assault, fight, or abuse. Patients admitted at teaching hospitals were compared to those admitted at non-teaching hospitals in terms of demographics, injuries, and outcomes. Results: Overall, 76.2% of patients had been treated at teaching hospitals. Compared to those treated at non-teaching hospitals, these patients were more likely to be younger, non-white, covered by Medicaid, from lower income zip codes, and have thoracic injuries; but mortality rate was not significantly different. After adjusting for potential confounders, teaching status of the hospital was not found as a predictor of either longer lengths of stay (LOS) or charges. Conclusions: There is an insignificant difference between LOS and charges at teaching and non-teaching hospitals after controlling for patient demographics. This suggests that the longer LOS observed at teaching hospitals is related to these institutions being more often involved in the care of underserved populations and patients with more severe injuries.
    Journal of Surgical Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.10.004
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Monitoring the partial pressure of oxygen in brain tissue (PbtO2) is an important tool for traumatic brain injury (TBI) but is invasive and inconvenient for real time monitoring. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), which can monitor hemoglobin parameters in the brain tissue, has been used widely as a noninvasive tool for assessing cerebral ischemia and hypoxia. Therefore, it may have the potential as a noninvasive tool for estimating the change of PbtO2. In this study, a novel wireless NIRS system was designed to monitor hemoglobin parameters of rat brains under different impact strengths and was used to estimate the change of PbtO2 noninvasively in TBI. Materials and methods: The proposed wireless NIRS system and a PbtO2 monitoring system were used to monitor the oxygenation of rat brains under different impact strengths. Rats were randomly assigned to four different impact strength groups (sham, 1.6 atm, 2.0 atm, and 2.4 atm; n = 6 per group), and the relationships of concentration changes in oxyhemoglobin (HbO2), deoxyhemoglobin (HbR), and total hemoglobin (HbT), and PbtO2 during and after TBI with different impact strengths were investigated. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was also used to evaluate infarction volume. Results: Concentration changes in HbO2, HbR, and HbT dropped immediately after the impact, increased gradually, and then became stable. Changes in PbtO2 had a similar tendency with the hemoglobin parameters. There was significant correlation between changes in PbtO2 and HbO2 (correlation = 0.76) but not with changes in HbR (correlation = 0.06). In triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining, the infarction volume was highly but negatively associated with oxygen-related parameters like PbtO2 and HbO2. Conclusions: Changes in HbO2 under TBI was highly and positively correlated with changes in PbtO2. By using the relative changes in HbO2 as a reference parameter, the proposed wireless NIRS system may be developed as a noninvasive tool for estimating the change of PbtO2 in brain tissue after TBI.
    Journal of Surgical Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.10.005
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The impact of inebriation on severity of injury is unclear. The few studies to date on this topic are limited to a particular mechanism of injury (MOI), injury pattern, or blood alcohol level (BAL). Therefore, we sought to determine the impact of BAL on injury pattern and severity across all MOI. We hypothesize that there is no relationship between BAL and injury severity when controlling for MOI. Materials and methods: After institutional review board approval, a retrospective study was performed at an adult trauma center from January 1, 2012-December 31, 2012. All MOI were included. Injury severity was assessed using the injury severity score (ISS). Chi square and analysis of variance were used to examine the relationship between BAL, injury pattern, and ISS within each MOI. Multivariate regression analysis examined the BAL-ISS association adjusting for MOI, gender, and age. Results: Of 1397 patients, the mean age was 44 ± 19, ISS was 7.5 ± 6.8, BAL was 93 ± 130 mg/dL, and 70% were male. Rib fracture (P = 0.002) and hemothorax and/or pneumothorax (P = 0.0009) were negatively associated with BAL, whereas concussion and soft tissue injury had a positive association with BAL (P < 0.0001). An increasing BAL had a negative correlation with ISS after fall from standing (P < 0.001), whereas bicycle collisions had a positive association (P = 0.027). Across all MOI, there was no significant association between BAL and ISS. Conclusions: BAL is associated with ISS, in specific MOI; however, across all MOI, there was no significant association between BAL and ISS. Inebriated patients should be triaged with the same clinical index of suspicion for injury as sober patients.
    Journal of Surgical Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.10.001
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    ABSTRACT: Background: CDP-choline (cytidine-5'-diphosphocholine) improves functional recovery, promotes nerve regeneration, and decreases perineural scarring in rat peripheral nerve injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of action of CDP-choline with regard to matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity in the rat-transected sciatic nerve injury model. Materials and methods: Male Wistar rats were randomized into Sham, Saline, and CDP-choline groups. Rats in Sham group received Sham surgery, whereas rats in Saline and CDP-choline groups underwent right sciatic nerve transection followed by immediate primary saturation and injected intraperitoneally with 0.9% NaCl (1 mL/kg) and CDP-choline (600 μg/kg), respectively. Sciatic nerve samples were obtained 1, 3, and 7 d after the surgery and analyzed for levels and activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9, levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) and TIMP-3, and axonal regeneration. Results: CDP-choline treatment decreased the levels and activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9, whereas increasing levels of TIMP-1 and TIMP-3 significantly on the third and seventh day after injury compared to Saline group. In addition, CDP-choline administration resulted in new axon formation and formation and advancement of myelination on newly formed islets (compartments) of axonal regrowth. Conclusions: Our data show, for the first time, that CDP-choline modulates MMP activity and promotes the expression of TIMPs to stimulate axonal regeneration. These data help to explain one mechanism by which CDP-choline provides neuroprotection in peripheral nerve injury.
    Journal of Surgical Research 11/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.10.003
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Intracellular calcium overload is a major contributing factor to diaphragmatic dysfunction triggered by sepsis. In this study, the possible role of dantrolene, a ryanodine receptor inhibitor, in preventing the release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in diaphragmatic dysfunction and weakness was explored. Methods: A middle-grade severity sepsis rat model was established for the effects of treatment with dantrolene, on diaphragm harvested 24 h after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), and analyzed using functional, histologic, and biomarker assays. Results: It was found that in septic rats, treatment with dantrolene significantly improved the contractility, relaxation, and fatigue index of the diaphragm in a dose-dependent manner. The benefits are associated with improvement in ultrastructural changes of Z band integrity and myofilament arrangements along with increases both in the ratio of slow-twitch type composition. Moreover, dantrolene effectively inhibits the overexpression of high-mobility group box 1 and reduces the calpain-1-caspase-3 proteolytic activity. Conclusions: Dantrolene can effectively attenuate the dysfunction of diaphragm in septic rats; Furthermore, the beneficial effects were associated with downregulation of high-mobility group box 1 and calpain-1-caspase-3 proteolytic activity.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.026
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Anatomic lobectomy with mediastinal lymph node dissection is considered the optimal management for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Limited lung resection may be preferable in the elderly population, who are more likely to have poor pulmonary reserve and multiple comorbidities. Our primary objective was to compare the survival of patients aged ≥75 y who underwent sublobar resection or lobectomy for stage IA NSCLC. Materials and methods: We queried the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database for patients aged ≥75 y who were diagnosed with stage IA NSCLC from 1998-2007. Patients were divided into three groups based on the type of surgery performed (wedge resection, segmentectomy, and lobectomy). Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard model were used for survival analysis. Results: A total of 1640 patients were analyzed. Lobectomy was performed in 1051 patients, 119 underwent segmentectomy, and 470 patients had wedge resection. Overall and cancer-specific survival were significantly lower in the wedge resection group as compared with those in lobectomy (P < 0.05). However, for T1a tumors, no significant difference was found in risk adjusted 5-y cancer-specific survival for patients who underwent wedge resection, segmentectomy (hazard ratio, 1.009; 95% confidence interval 0.624-1.631; P = 0.972), or lobectomy (hazard ratio, 0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.691-1.388; P = 0.908). Conclusions: Sublobar resection is not inferior to lobectomy for T1a N0 M0 NSCLC in the elderly and should be considered a viable alternative in this high-risk population.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.08.045
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether enhanced three-dimensional ultrasound (US) could increase the accuracy and efficacy for liver tumor identification and needle placement. Methods: In a prospective study, 30 surgeons of various training levels were evaluated for lesion identification success and accuracy of needle placement. All surgeons were evaluated for time (seconds) to identify the liver lesions in an artificial model and placement of needles after review of a 3-phase computed tomography scan of the liver, first using standard B-mode US and then using E-3DUS. Results: Participants included 10 hepato-pancreatico-biliary surgeons, 5 surgical fellows, 10 postgraduate years 4 and 5 surgical residents, and 5 postgraduate year-3 residents. Liver lesions were correctly identified in 73% of the cases using B-mode US alone and 100% in E-3DUS. The mean time to identification using B-mode was 51.9 s (standard deviation ±37.1), which was significantly longer than with E-3DUS (time, 17.9 s, standard deviation ±10.7; P = 0.002). There was significant improvement in time-to-lesion identification using E-3DUS across all training levels (P ≤ 0.002). There was also a significant reduction in time for accurate needle placement across all training levels (mean reduction of 60%, with enhanced accuracy [P = 0.001]) CONCLUSIONS: E-3DUS significantly enhances lesion identification regardless of size and enhances needle accuracy for all surgeons. This adjunctive system should be considered for both training and for all complex liver tumor ablations.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.003
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Liver resection is the mainstay of treatment for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and compensated cirrhosis. We investigated the relationship between the morphologic severity of cirrhosis and post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) and evaluated the role of cirrhosis staging in determination of the extent limit for liver resection. Methods: The clinicopathologic data of 672 consecutive patients with Child-Pugh grade A liver function who underwent curative liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in Tongji Hospital from 2009 to 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Severity of cirrhosis was staged morphologically and histologically. Risk factors for histologic cirrhosis and PHLF were analyzed. The extent limit of liver resection with reference to morphologic staging was studied. Results: Morphologic and histologic stages were significantly correlated (τ = 0.809, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that morphologic staging was the most crucial factor for histologic cirrhosis (odds ratio = 26.99, 95% confidence interval = 16.88-43.14, P < 0.001) and PHLF (odds ratio = 11.48, 95% confidence interval = 6.04-21.82, P < 0.001). The incidence of PHLF was high in patients with mild cirrhosis after resection of four or more liver segments (13.6%), those with moderate cirrhosis after major resection (38.1%), and those with severe cirrhosis or severe portal hypertension after resection of two or more liver segments (63.2% and 50.0%, respectively). Conclusions: Morphologic severity of cirrhosis is an independent predictor of PHLF. Resection of fewer than four liver segments is justified in patients with mild cirrhosis. Major resection is not recommended in patients with moderate cirrhosis. In patients with severe cirrhosis or severe portal hypertension, only resection of fewer than two liver segments can be safely performed.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.08.027
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We have recently shown that inhibition of peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) improves survival in a rodent model of lethal cecal ligation and puncture. The roles of PAD inhibitors in hemorrhagic shock (HS), however, are largely unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of YW3-56, a novel PAD inhibitor, on survival after severe HS. Methods: Mouse macrophages were exposed to hypoxic conditions followed by reoxygenation in the presence or absence of YW3-56. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to measure levels of secreted tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6 in the culture medium. Cell viability was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay. In the survival experiment, anesthetized male Wistar-Kyoto rats (n = 10/group) were subjected to 55% blood loss, and treated with or without YW3-56 (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneally). Survival was monitored for 12 h. In the nonsurvival experiment, morphologic changes of the lungs were examined. Levels of circulating cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant 1 (CINC-1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in the lungs were measured by ELISA. Expression of lung intercellular adhesion molecules-1 (ICAM-1) was also determined by Western blotting. Results: Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) insult induced tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6 secretion from macrophages, which was significantly attenuated by YW3-56 treatment. YW3-56 treatment also increased cell viability when macrophages were exposed to H/R up to 6/15 h and improved survival rate from 20% to 60% in lethal HS rat model. Compared to the sham groups, pulmonary MPO activity and ICAM-1 expression in the HS group were significantly increased, and acute lung injury was associated with a higher degree of CINC-1 levels in serum. Intraperitoneal delivery of YW3-56 significantly reduced pulmonary MPO and ICAM-1 expression and attenuated acute lung injury. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate for the first time that administration of YW3-56, a novel PAD inhibitor, can improve survival in a rat model of HS and in a cell culture model of H/R. The survival advantage is associated with an attenuation of local and systemic pro-inflammatory cytokines and the protection against acute lung injury after hemorrhage. Thus, PAD inhibition may represent a novel and promising therapeutic strategy for severe HS.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.008
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    ABSTRACT: Background: BML-111 is a lipoxin receptor agonist that has protective effects in various lung injury models. We tried to elucidate whether BML-111 could mitigate lung injury in a mouse model of endotoxemia and endothelial hyperpermeability in vitro. Methods: The effect of BML-111 on lung injury was evaluated using C57BL/6 mice and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Male C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline, BML-111, and/or the lipoxin receptor antagonist Boc-2. Then, either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or normal saline was given intraperitoneally. Lung injury was assessed by a pathohistologic examination for neutrophil infiltration, pulmonary endothelial permeability, and inflammatory cytokines in lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. HUVECs were treated with or without BML-111 before incubation with LPS for 24 h. Boc-2 was also tested as a novel inhibitor of BML-111. A Transwell assay was used to evaluate the permeability of HUVECs. Junction protein expression was also assessed. Results: BML-111 significantly improved the mouse survival rate, reduced body weight loss, attenuated the pulmonary pathologic changes, inhibited neutrophil infiltration and proinflammatory cytokine production, and mitigated endothelial hyperpermeability. The decreased expression of junction proteins induced by LPS in lung tissue and endothelial cells were upregulated by BML-111. In addition, BML-111 inhibited the activation of the Akt, ERK1/2, and p38 MAPK signaling pathways. However, the beneficial effects of BML-111 were abolished by Boc-2. Conclusions: BML-111 attenuated lung injury in endotoxemic mice and mitigated endothelial hyperpermeability by upregulating the expression of junction proteins.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.005
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    ABSTRACT: Background: To clarify the relationship between the presence of pulmonary emphysema and tumor microenvironment and their significance for the clinicopathologic aggressiveness of non-small cell lung cancer. Methods: The subjects included 48 patients with completely resected and pathologically confirmed stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Quantitative computed tomography was used to diagnose pulmonary emphysema, and immunohistochemical staining was performed to evaluate the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression status in the intratumoral stromal cells as well as the microvessel density (MVD). Results: Positive MMP-9 staining in the intratumoral stromal cells was confirmed in 17 (35%) of the 48 tumors. These 17 tumors were associated with a high MVD, frequent lymphovascular invasion, a high proliferative activity, and high postoperative recurrence rate (all, P < 0.05). The majority of the tumors (13 of 17) arose in patients with pulmonary emphysema (P = 0.02). Lung cancers arising from pulmonary emphysema were also associated with a high MVD, proliferative activity, and postoperative recurrence rate (all, P < 0.05). Conclusions: The MMP-9 expression in intratumoral stromal cells is associated with the clinicopathologic aggressiveness of lung cancer and is predominantly identified in tumors arising in emphysematous lungs. Further studies regarding the biological links between the intratumoral and extratumoral microenvironment will help to explain why lung cancers originating in emphysematous lung tissues are associated with a poor prognosis.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.004
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The pathological fracture is a most important complication during bone cyst and can be prevented by early focus clearance and bone grafting. Tissue-engineered bone (TEB) with outstanding osteogenesis is a better choice for bone repair. Here, we firstly reported that TEB was used to heal bone cyst. Materials and methods: The clinical data were collected from 23 patients who received bone defect repair separately with TEB or allogeneic bone (Allo-B) after erasion during 2004-2008. Allo-B had been as a control. The healing time and healing quality, the incidence of complications, the safety, and the bone grafting failure rate were compared. Results: In TEB group, the follow-up time was 28 ± 15.48 months; nine cases were confirmed healed (3.45 ± 2.01 months), one case was cyst healing with defect, and one case had relapse. In Allo-B, 12 patients were followed up for 28.58 ± 20.44 months; seven cases were confirmed healed (6.75 ± 3.31 mo), four cases were cyst healing with defect, and one case had relapse. After operation, no statistically significant differences in bone healing and incidence of complications were observed between two groups, but the difference in bone healing time was statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no else tumorigenesis in both groups. Conclusions: In treating simple bone cyst, Allo-B and TEB have considerable efficacy and safety; TEB is superior to Allo-B in respect of healing time; there is no rejection after TEB grafting but certain rejection after Allo-B grafting.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.032
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    ABSTRACT: Background: A rodent occlusal hypofunction model has been widely established in jawbone-related studies. However, the effects of occlusal stimuli, with total elimination of molar contacts, and its rehabilitation on mandibular remodeling remain unclear. Materials and methods: Forty-eight 5-wk-old Sprague-Dawley male rats were used. Twenty-four experimental rats underwent occlusal hypofunction by insertion of a bite-raising appliance. Twenty-four rats received no treatment (control group). Two weeks later, half the experimental rats (occlusal hypofunction group) were killed; the appliance was removed from the remaining experimental rats (recovery group) for two additional weeks before killing. Control animals were killed biweekly. Body weight and masseter muscle weight were measured, and the mandibles were subjected to micro-computed tomography to evaluate the mandibular morphology and cortical bone characteristics. The expressions of osteoblast- and osteoclast-related genes were evaluated with quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: No significant body weight differences were observed between the experimental and control rats. However, lighter masseter muscle, shorter mandibular incisor crown, mandibular body and ramus, and higher mandibular alveolar process and first molar fossae were observed in the occlusal hypofunction group. Moreover, the cortical bone characteristics associated with the expression of osteoblast- and osteoclast-related genes were remarkably different in the central and posterior mandible in the occlusal hypofunction group. At the 2-wk recovery time point after occlusal stimuli, the altered parameters in the masseter and mandible returned to normal levels. Conclusions: Mandibular remodeling via bone turnover is region specific for altered occlusal stimuli. Normal occlusion is an important determinant of the mandibular morphology and architecture.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.025
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the most common procedure for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, HCC is generally considered chemoresistant and data demonstrating the superiority of TACE over bland embolization (TAE) are lacking. Materials and methods: A nationwide, retrospective cohort study of HCC patients treated with first-line TACE or TAE within the Veterans Affairs health care system (2005-2012) was performed. The primary outcome was overall survival. Risk of death by treatment type (TACE or TAE) was evaluated using multivariate (adjusted for age, presence of cirrhosis, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage, and Charlson comorbidity score) and propensity score-adjusted Cox regression. Results: The cohort included 405 patients treated with first-line transarterial embolization. Among these patients, 32 (7.9%) underwent TAE. Most of the patients (76.8%) had intermediate or advanced stage at presentation. Similar proportions of patients (TACE 53.3% versus TAE 43.7%; P = 0.30) received more than one embolization procedure. There was no difference in median survival (20.1 versus 23.1 mo, respectively; log-rank P = 0.84). Compared to TACE, there was no difference in risk of death associated with TAE after multivariate (hazard ratio [HR] 0.92; 95% CI, 0.61-1.37) and propensity score adjustment (HR = 0.86; 95% CI = 0.58-1.29). Conclusions: There is no clear benefit associated with chemotherapy infusion over bland embolization for HCC treatment. Given the rising incidence of HCC in the United States and considering the added costs associated with TACE compared to TAE, future work comparing these competing management strategies is needed.
    Journal of Surgical Research 10/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.09.034
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    ABSTRACT: Background: To assess the short-term outcomes of intracorporeal Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy using the transorally inserted anvil (OrVil) compared with extracorporeal circular Roux-en-Y anastomosis during laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) for gastric cancer. Methods: From January 2011-April 2014, a total of 165 consecutive patients with gastric cancer underwent either intracorporeal Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy (n = 25) using the Orvil or extracorporeal circular anastomosis (n = 140) during LTG. After generating propensity scores with six covariates, including gender, age, body mass index (BMI), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, tumor location, and tumor size, 25 patients undergoing the OrVil method (intracorporeal group) were one-to-one matched with 25 patients undergoing the extracorporeal method (extracorporeal group). The short-term outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results: Both groups were balanced regarding baseline variables. The total operative time was not significantly different between the two groups (216.5 ± 24.9 min versus 224.0 ± 30.5 min, P = 0.344), whereas either the duration of anvil insertion (9.9 ± 2.4 min versus 12.9 ± 2.0 min, P < 0.001) or reconstruction completion (44.4 ± 9.4 min versus 50.1 ± 5.4 min, P = 0.012) in the intracorporeal group was less. The mean length of minilaparotomy in the intracorporeal group was shorter (5.6 ± 0.4 cm versus 7.2 ± 1.7 cm, P < 0.001). No significant differences were observed in intraoperative complication rate, estimated blood loss, length of proximal margin, or postoperative recovery course (including the time to first flatus, liquid resumption, liquid, and soft diet) between the two groups. No patients suffered from anastomosis-related complications. The overall morbidity rates of 28.0% in the intracorporeal group and 32.0% in the extracorporeal group were comparable (P = 0.758). Conclusions: Intracorporeal Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy using the transorally inserted anvil system may be a safe procedure during LTG for gastric cancer. However, a longer follow-up in a well-designed randomized controlled trial is necessary to more thoroughly evaluate this technique.
    Journal of Surgical Research 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2015.08.013