Journal of Fish Biology (J Fish Biol )

Publisher: Fisheries Society of the British Isles, Blackwell Publishing


The Journal of Fish Biology is a leading international journal for scientists engaged in all aspects of fish and fisheries research, both freshwater and marine. The journal publishes high-quality papers relevant to the central theme of fish biology and aims to bring together under one cover an overall picture of the research in progress and to provide international communication among researchers in many disciplines with a common interest in the biology of fish. Research Areas Include: Aquaculture; Behaviour; Biochemistry; Diseases; Distribution; Ecology; Genetics; Growth; Immunology; Migration; Morphology; Parasitology; Physiology; Pollution; Population studies; Reproduction; Taxonomy; Toxicology.

Impact factor 1.73

  • Hide impact factor history
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Journal of Fish Biology website
  • Other titles
    Journal of fish biology (Online), Journal of fish biology
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Blackwell Publishing

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • Some journals impose embargoes typically of 6 or 12 months, occasionally of 24 months
    • no listing of affected journals available as yet
  • Conditions
    • See Wiley-Blackwell entry for articles after February 2007
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On author's server, institutional server or subject-based server
    • Server must be non-commercial
    • Publisher copyright and source must be acknowledged with set statement ("The definitive version is available at")
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • 'Blackwell Publishing' is an imprint of 'Wiley'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Otolith stable-oxygen-isotope composition and microstructure were analysed in order to investigate the vertical habitat shift of deep-sea cusk eels (Ophidiiformes). Otolith δ(18) O profiles suggested that both viviparous blind cusk eels and oviparous cusk eels experienced a pelagic larval stage and then settled to the deep-sea floor over a vertical distance that ranged among individuals from 200 to >1000 m. This result shows that the larvae of viviparous Barathronus maculatus undertake an ontogenetic vertical migration after a period of larval drift that may facilitate their wide distribution on the sea floor. © 2015 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • F. Zhao, P. Zhuang, T. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Hou, J. Liu, L. Zhang
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Serum osmolality and ion concentrations were measured in juvenile Chinese sturgeon Acipenser sinensis at different salinities to determine the isosmotic point. Isosmotic and isoionic concentrations were calculated from the regressions for serum and ambient osmolality, with Na+, Cl− and K+ as salinities 9·19, 8·17, 7·89 and 9·70, respectively. These values were consistent with the salinity of the habitat where juvenile A. sinensis occur in the Yangtze Estuary, suggesting that an isosmotic salinity is an important factor driving their habitat choice.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Latitudinal variation in the reproductive characteristics of a temperate marine herbivore, rock blackfish Girella elevata, was examined from three regions of the south-eastern Australian coast. Biological sampling covered 780 km of coastline, including the majority of the species distribution. The sampling range incorporated three distinct oceanographic regions of the East Australian Current, a poleward-flowing western boundary current of the Southern Pacific Gyre and climate-change hotspot. Girella elevata are a highly fecund, group synchronous (multiple batch)-spawner. Mean fork length (LF ) and age at maturity were greater for females than males within all regions, with both male and female G. elevata of the southern region maturing at a greater size and age than those from the central region. Estimates of batch fecundity (FB ) were greatest in the northern and southern regions, relative to the central region where growth rates were greatest. Significant positive relationships were observed between FB and LF , and FB and total fish mass. Gonado-somatic indices indicated latitudinal synchrony in spawning seasonality between G. elevata at higher latitudes, spawning in the late austral spring and summer. A late or prolonged spawning period is evident for G. elevata from the northern region. Juvenile recruitment to intertidal rock pools within the central and southern regions was synchronous with the spawning season, however, no juveniles were found within the northern region. The implications of latitudinal variation in reproductive characteristics are discussed in the context of climate and oceanographic conditions of south-east Australia. © 2015 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A specimen of the little gulper shark Centrophorus uyato was collected in the Norwegian Sea off the coast of northern Norway, marking the northernmost record of the species in the eastern North Atlantic Ocean. Morphological characteristics collected from the specimen indicate a close relationship to the Australian species Centrophorus zeehaani. DNA barcoding analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (coI) gene for species of Centrophorus suggests conspecificity of C. uyato and C. zeehaani. © 2015 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • J. B. Feng, S. K. Liu, R. J. Wang, J. R. Zhang, X. L. Wang, L. Kaltenboeck, J. L. Li, Z. J. Liu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To understand the function of myoglobin (Mb) and cytoglobin (Cygb) in channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus in response to heat stress, mb and cygb genes were identified and characterized in this study. These genes were widely expressed in all the tested tissues, but strong tissue preferences were observed, with the mb gene being expressed most highly in the heart, cygb1 most highly expressed in the intestine and cygb2 most highly expressed in the brain. After heat-stress challenge, mb and cygb genes were up-regulated in almost all tested tissues. In general, such up-regulation was more dramatic in the tolerant group than in the intolerant group, suggesting that higher expression of mb and cygb genes contributed to greater tolerance of I. punctatus to heat stress.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • L Li, Y Shi, R Wang, T Huang, W Liang, H Luo, X Gan, W Huang, J Li, A Lei, M Chen
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nine tilapia Oreochromis niloticus group B streptococcus (GBS) strains differing in serotype and genotype were selected and paired. Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D DIGE) and matrix-assisted laser-desorption ionization time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) were used to analyse the protein profiles of the strain pairs. Forty-three proteins corresponding to 66 spots were identified, of which 35 proteins were found in the seven selected strain pairs that represented pairs differing in genotype and serotype. Among the 35 proteins, numbers of differentially expressed proteins in strains of different serotypes were greater than found in strains of different genotypes, suggesting that serotype plays a more essential role than genotype in the differential protein expression among GBS strains. No distinct pattern was found with respect to genotype and the protein expression profile of GBS strains. Several proteins were identified as surface-associated cytoplasmic proteins that possessed the typical immunity-eliciting characteristics of surface proteins. The identified proteins were found to be involved in 16 biological processes and seven Kyoto encyclopaedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathways. The data, for the first time, identified differentially expressed proteins in O. niloticus GBS strains of different serotypes, which play a major role in immunogenicity of O. niloticus GBS than does genotype, offering further information for design of a vaccine against O. niloticus GBS. © 2015 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • G. J. Yan, X. K. He, Z. D. Cao, S. J. Fu
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effects of fasting and feeding on the fast-start escape swimming performance of juvenile southern catfish Silurus meridionalis, a sit-and-wait forager that encounters extreme fasting and famine frequently during its lifespan. Ten to 30 days of fasting resulted in no significant change in most of the variables measured in the fast-start response except a 20–30% decrease in the escape distance during the first 120 ms (D120ms) relative to the control group (48 h after feeding). The ratio of the single-bend (SB) response (lower energetic expenditure) to the double-bend (DB) response increased significantly from 0% in the control group to 75 and 82·5% in the 20 and 30 day fasting groups, respectively. Satiated feeding (25% of body mass) resulted in a significantly lower (36·6%) maximum linear velocity (Vmax) and a significantly lower (43·3%) D120ms than in non-fed fish (control group, 48 h after feeding). Half-satiated feeding (12·5% of body mass), however, showed no significant effects on any of the measured variables of the fast-start response relative to control fish. It is suggested that the increase in the ratio of SB:DB responses with fasting in S. meridionalis may reflect a trade-off between energy conservation and maintaining high Vmax, while variables of fast-start performance were more sensitive to feeding than fasting might be an adaptive strategy to their foraging mode and food availability in their habitat.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • P Horká, P Horký, T Randák, J Turek, K Rylková, O Slavík
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Juvenile wild and hatchery-reared European grayling Thymallus thymallus were tagged with radio-transmitters and tracked in the Blanice River, River Elbe catchment, Czech Republic, to study their behavioural response to stocking and environmental variation. Both wild and hatchery-reared T. thymallus increased their diel movements and home range with increasing light intensity, flow, temperature and turbidity, but the characteristics of their responses differed. Environmental variables influenced the movement of wild T. thymallus up to a specific threshold, whereas no such threshold was observed in hatchery-reared T. thymallus. Hatchery-reared fish displayed greater total migration distance over the study period (total migration) than did wild fish, which was caused mainly by their dispersal in the downstream direction. © 2015 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The level of genetic homogeneity and demographic history of the Monterey Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus concolor was assessed by analyses using sequences of the mitochondrial (mt)DNA-control region of samples from the two oceanographic regions of the Gulf of California in order to define the stock structure for this exploited vulnerable species. The data were consistent with a single homogeneous population and revealed the hallmark of fluctuations in population size; these fluctuations appear to have occurred during glacial events of the middle to late Pleistocene, which may in turn be related to the colonization and expansion of S. concolor populations in the gulf. © 2015 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prolonged and high-speed swimming performance measurements were used to explore the swimming abilities of two species of estuarine fishes, the mummichog Fundulus heteroclitus and the striped killifish Fundulus majalis, under different salinities. Critical swimming performance was significantly higher for F. majalis in high salinity than in low salinity, but no difference was observed in brief constant acceleration swimming trials in this species; however, the swimming performance of F. heteroclitus was not significantly affected by salinity changes, indicating that this species is well adapted to regular estuarine salinity oscillations. Fundulus majalis displayed higher swimming speeds than F. heteroclitus in both high and low salinities, and while this cannot be explained by their respective salinity preferences, the specific habitat preferences of F. majalis for sandy subtidal habitats and F. heteroclitus for vegetated marshes could explain the better swimming performance of F. majalis. © 2015 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effect of UV radiation on habitat use of two species of intertidal fishes that inhabit the same pools but exhibit different activity levels and diets was measured: the highly active omnivorous Girella laevifrons and the cryptic carnivorous Graus nigra. Individuals of each species were acclimated to a tank divided in three sections with different illumination; no light (NL), ultraviolet light (UV) and white light (WL), and the time spent and number of visits to each section were recorded. Although both species preferred the NL section, G. laevifrons spent more time in UV and less time in WL compared with G. nigra; G. laevifrons also displayed higher number of visits to UV, suggesting a different tendency in space use in response to UV exposure in intertidal fishes. © 2014 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A total of 255 longnosed skate Dipturus oxyrinchus caught in Sardinian waters (central-western Mediterranean Sea), was analysed with respect to fish total length (LT ), season and depth, in order to provide information on diet and feeding behaviour. Specimens ranging from 93 to 1153 mm LT , were collected at depths between 121 and 671 m, during experimental trawl surveys carried out from 2005 to 2010. The diet comprised crustaceans [prey specific index of relative importance (%IPSRI ) = 72·69], teleosts (%IPSRI = 10·28) and molluscs (%IPSRI = 10·94). Levins' index (Bi ) showed a narrow niche breadth (Bi = 0·35). The mean ± s.e. trophic level (TL ) was 3·63 ± 0·50. The analysis showed major ontogenetic changes in the feeding behaviour. Early life stages were characterized by a benthic diet, which changed to benthopelagic during growth. Mysids, particularly Lophogaster typicus (%IPSRI = 34·51), were the main prey items of immature individuals, replaced by euphausiids, mainly Meganyctiphanes norvegica (%IPSRI = 13·19), in maturing fish. Crustaceans became less important in mature specimens, being replaced by molluscs (%IPSRI = 28·99) and teleosts (%IPSRI = 24·56). A concomitant increase of the TL was recorded (mean ± s.e. = 3·41 ± 0·44, 3·75 ± 0·54 and 4·28 ± 0·61 for immature, maturing and mature individuals). These feeding patterns ensured low levels of intraspecific competition. This study provides new information about the role that the D. oxyrinchus plays in the marine food chain and data now essential to formulate new and effective management plans for this species. © 2014 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015; 86(1):121-38.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spawning aggregations of red hind Epinephelus guttatus, tiger grouper Mycteroperca tigris and yellowfin grouper Mycteroperca venenosa were identified at two coral-reef systems: Arrecife Alacranes (emergent bank reef) and Bajos del Norte (submerged bank reef) on the continental shelf of the Yucatan Peninsula (Campeche Bank), Mexico. At both reefs, E. guttatus forms large spawning aggregations between February and March. At Bajos del Norte, M. tigris reproduces in a small, low-density aggregation in May, while M. venenosa aggregates at high densities for spawning between March and May. Multi-species use of an aggregation site by E. guttatus and M. venenosa was observed at Bajos del Norte. The identified spawning aggregations are apparently stable in location over time, and all three species were commonly observed to spawn within 1 week following the full moon. Development and survival of the larvae spawned in these aggregations are probably aided by a seasonal (spring-summer) upwelling in the north-east Campeche Bank. A permanent area closure at Bajos del Norte, currently outside any specific fisheries management area or regulations, would provide protection needed for the spawning aggregations of these three species. © 2014 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015; 86(1):162-85.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The immune status of young-of-the-year (YOY) winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus was evaluated in fish collected from six areas around Long Island, NY, U.S.A. representing more urban areas with high population density in the west, to less densely populated more rural areas in to the east. Gene expression markers for innate immunity (pleurocidin) and contaminant exposure (cytochrome P4501A; cyp1a) were measured in liver and fin of fish collected at each site. Expression of pleurocidin was significantly higher in fin than liver, but was highly variable among individuals. Some statistically significant differences in pleurocidin expression among sites were observed, although elevated levels were not associated with degree of urbanization. Expression was related in part to fish size: a positive correlation between expression and total length (LT ) of fish was observed with the largest LT class (>125 mm) exhibiting significantly elevated pleurocidin expression as compared with fish in the smaller LT class. This indicates that immune competency may increase with age. No site-specific differences in cyp1a expression were observed. These data suggest that exposure to aromatic hydrocarbon contaminants is fairly widespread throughout the study area and that any differences in pleurocidin expression in YOY P. americanus are probably due to other factors. Antimicrobial activity was also measured as a functional indicator of immune response. Activity was highly variable, showing no significant site-specific differences, and no significant correlation to pleurocidin expression. The lack of correlation between pleurocidin expression and antimicrobial activity indicates that other antimicrobial peptides may be active against the bacteria tested or that other factors are influencing antimicrobial activity. This is the first quantitative evaluation of pleurocidin expression in YOY P. americanus from an urban area. Further work is needed to characterize factors controlling pleurocidin expression, as well as other indicators of immune response in young fish. © 2014 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015; 86(1):148-61.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The reproduction of the greeneye spurdog Squalus chloroculus was studied based on animals caught in the multispecies and multi-gear southern and eastern scalefish and shark fishery on the upper continental slope off southern Australia. One hundred and ninety-nine females (502–990 mm, total length, LT) and 189 males (515–810 mm LT) were examined. The female reproductive cycle, based on 41 breeding animals, is continuous and triennial, with the pregnancy period estimated to be 31–34 months, seasonal and synchronous with the ovarian cycle; a third of the breeding female population is estimated to give birth between September and December each year. The estimated LT at which 50% of females are mature is 799 mm (95% c.i.: 794, 804), whereas the LT at which 50% are maternal is 825 mm (95% c.i.: 817–833), but these estimates are probably biased by the phenomenon of apparent change of LT at maternity and LT at maturity following severe length-selective fishing mortality. Litters ranged from four to 15 embryos with a 1:1 sex ratio, and litter size increased with maternal length. The breeding cycle of males is neither seasonal nor synchronous with the female cycle. The estimated LT of males where 50% are mature was 629 mm (95% c.i.: 603, 645).
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the life-history transitions of the line snout goby Elacatinus lori, a coral-reef fish endemic to Belize. Specifically, this study aimed to: (1) quantify the length of pelagic larval duration (PLD) and standard length (LS) at settlement, (2) determine the age and LS at sexual maturity and (3) if applicable, determine the age, LS and direction of sex change. Otolith analysis was used to determine PLD, age and LS at settlement, while gonad histology and morphological data were used to determine age and LS at maturity. It was found that: (1) estimates of PLD ranged from 18·8 to 24·8 days, with a mean ± s.d. of 20·9 ± 1·3 days, and estimated LS at settlement ranged from 7·4 to 9·4 mm, with a mean ± s.d. of 8·1 ± 1·7 mm, (2) estimates of LS at which 50% of females and males are mature were 31·1 and 32·4 mm, which represents 65·4 and 55·3% of their maximum LS, respectively and (3) that there was no evidence of sex change: E. lori is probably gonochoristic. This study provides the first comprehensive description of these life-history transitions for a species within the genus Elacatinus, the most speciose genus of fishes on Caribbean coral reefs.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examined population density, habitat and diet of Dasyatis marianae, a recently discovered species, in the reef complex of Maracajaú in Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil. The highest concentration of D. marianae occurred in seagrass beds. Habitat use differed significantly between sex and age classes, with females and juveniles using areas other than reefs. Females utilized primarily seagrass beds and juveniles occurred mainly along the sandy bottom near the beach, highlighting the importance of protecting these areas. Dasyatis marianae diet was characterized primarily by crustaceans (91·9% index of relative importance, IRI), including shrimp, crabs and lobsters. The availability of prey in different habitat types influences occupation by D. marianae, but the prey selectivity of D. marianae, among other factors, may affect this relationship. Intense shrimp and lobster fishing in the region probably has an effect on preferred prey resources of this ray. Information on feeding habits of this species contributes to a better understanding of trophic dynamics and food webs, which is critical if ecosystem principles are to be integrated into fisheries management.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Localized hypoxic habitats were created in Delta Marsh, Manitoba, Canada to determine the potential of regions of moderate hypoxia to act as refuges for forage fishes from piscine predators. Minnow traps and giving-up density (GUD) plates (plexiglas plates covered with trout crumble and fine gravel) were used to assess habitat use and perceived habitat quality for forage fishes, respectively, while passive integrated transponder tags provided data on habitat use by predator species to assess the level of predation risk. Data were collected both before and after a hypoxia manipulation (2-3 mg l(-1) dissolved oxygen, DO) to create a before-after control-effect style experiment. Fathead minnows Pimephales promelas were more abundant and consumed more food from GUD plates in hypoxic bays after the DO manipulation, indicating hypoxic locations were perceived as higher quality, lower-risk habitats. The frequency of predator visits was not consistently affected. The duration of visits, and therefore the total time spent in these habitats, however, was significantly shorter. These predator data, combined with the prey information, are consistent with the hypothesis that hypoxic regions function as predator refuges. The refuge effect is not the result of predator exclusion, however; instead predators are rendered less capable of foraging and pose less of a threat in hypoxic locations. © 2014 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015; 86(1):288-303.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study assessed whether the abundance of girellids and kyphosids was related to cover of the palatable green algae, Ulva australis and Ulva compressa, on rocky intertidal reefs in Jervis Bay, New South Wales, Australia. No relationship was found between Ulva spp. cover and abundance of Girella tricuspidata, Girella elevata and Kyphosus sydneyanus during a period of relatively low Ulva spp. cover (i.e. February 2011 to March 2011), but during a period of significantly higher Ulva spp. cover (i.e. October 2011 to November 2011) there was a strong correlation between Ulva spp. cover and G. tricuspidata abundance. Spatial analysis indicated that the abundance of G. tricuspidata was consistent across time, suggesting G. tricuspidata were not moving between reefs in response to variation in Ulva spp. cover between periods but rather that large schools of G. tricuspidata resided on reefs that had relatively higher Ulva spp. cover at certain times of the year. © 2014 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles.
    Journal of Fish Biology 01/2015; 86(1):375-84.