Cellular Immunology Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

Cellular Immunology publishes original investigations concerned with the immunological activities of cells in experimental or clinical situations. The scope of the journal encompasses the broad area of in vitro and in vivo studies of cellular immune responses. Research Areas include: Antigen receptor sites; Autoimmunity; Delayed-type hypersensitivity or cellular immunity; Immunologic deficiency states and their reconstitution Immunologic surveillance and tumor immunity; Immunomodulation; Immunotherapy; Lymphokines and cytokines; Nonantibody immunity; Parasite immunology; Resistance to intracellular microbial and viral infection; Thymus and lymphocyte immunobiology; Transplantation immunology; Tumor immunity.

Current impact factor: 1.92

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 1.924
2013 Impact Factor 1.874
2012 Impact Factor 1.743
2011 Impact Factor 1.974
2010 Impact Factor 2.575
2009 Impact Factor 2.698
2008 Impact Factor 1.893
2007 Impact Factor 1.808
2006 Impact Factor 1.709
2005 Impact Factor 1.558
2004 Impact Factor 1.988
2003 Impact Factor 1.829
2002 Impact Factor 1.988
2001 Impact Factor 2.604
2000 Impact Factor 2.206
1999 Impact Factor 2.252
1998 Impact Factor 2.125
1997 Impact Factor 1.83
1996 Impact Factor 2.142
1995 Impact Factor 1.925
1994 Impact Factor 2.065
1993 Impact Factor 2.166
1992 Impact Factor 2.127

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.93
Cited half-life 9.50
Immediacy index 0.27
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.55
Website Cellular Immunology website
Other titles Cellular immunology (Online), Cellular immunology
ISSN 1090-2163
OCLC 36934751
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Authors pre-print on any website, including arXiv and RePEC
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on open access repository after an embargo period of between 12 months and 48 months
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months
    • Author's post-print may be used to update arXiv and RepEC
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Must link to publisher version with DOI
    • Author's post-print must be released with a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License
    • Publisher last reviewed on 03/06/2015
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Macrophages play an important role in the pathogenesis of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). M2 macrophages can promote tissue remodeling and repair. In this study, CD206 positive M2 type macrophages were found in preretinal fibrous membranes of the mouse model of PVR induced by the intravitreal injection of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Notch signaling determines M2 macrophage polarization. The specific inhibition of Notch signaling pathway by the intravitreal injection of γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT attenuated RPE cells-induced PVR formation as demonstrated by the decreased expression of α-SMA, and inhibited M2 type macrophage infiltation as demonstrated by the decreased expression of Arg-1. Notch signaling may modulate PVR formation by regulating M2 type macrophage polarization.
    Cellular Immunology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.09.005
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    ABSTRACT: We characterized 121 adults with frequent or severe bacterial respiratory tract infections at diagnosis of selective subnormal IgG3. Mean age was 47±13 (SD)y; 87.6% were women. Associated disorders included: autoimmune conditions 33.1%; hypothyroidism 14.9%; atopy 29.8%; and other allergy manifestations 41.3%. In 34.1%, proportions of protective Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype-specific IgG levels did not increase after polyvalent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination. Blood CD19+, CD3+/CD4+, CD3+/CD8+, and CD56+/CD16+ lymphocyte levels were within reference limits in most patients. In regression analyses, independent variables age; sex; autoimmune conditions; hypothyroidism; atopy; allergy manifestations; corticosteroid therapy; and lymphocyte subsets were not significantly associated with IgG subclass, IgA, or IgM levels. Frequencies of HLA haplotypes A*01, B*08; A*02, B*14; A*02, B*15; A*02, B*44; A*02, B*57; and A*03, B*07 were greater in 80 patients than 751 controls. We conclude that subnormal IgG3 and non-protective S. pneumoniae IgG levels contribute to increased susceptibility to respiratory tract infections.
    Cellular Immunology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.09.004
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    ABSTRACT: Food allergy is an adverse immune response to dietary proteins. Hydrolysates are frequently used for children with milk allergy. However, hydrolysates effects afterwards are poorly studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunological consequences of hydrolyzed whey protein in allergic mice. For that, we developed a novel model of food allergy in BALB/c mice sensitized with alum-adsorbed β-lactoglobulin. These mice were orally challenged with either whey protein or whey hydrolysate. Whey-challenged mice had elevated levels of specific IgE and lost weight. They also presented gut inflammation, enhanced levels of SIgA and IL-5 as well as decreased production of IL-4 and IL-10 in the intestinal mucosa. Conversely, mice challenged with hydrolyzate maintained normal levels of IgE, IL-4 and IL-5 and showed no sign of gut inflammation probably due to increased IL-12 production in the gut. Thus, consumption of hydrolysate prevented the development of clinical signs of food allergy in mice.
    Cellular Immunology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.09.001
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    ABSTRACT: Several human HLA alleles have been found associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D), but their precise role is not clearly defined. Herein, we report that a human MHC class II (HLA-DR*0401) allele transgene that has been expressed into NOD (H-2(g7)I-E(null)) mice prone to T1D rendered the mice resistant to the disease. T1D resistance occurred in the context of multi-point T-cell alterations such as: (i) skewed CD4/CD8 T-cell ratio, (ii) decreased size of CD4(+)CD44(high) T memory pool, (iii) aberrant TCR Vβ repertoire, (iv) increased neonatal number of Foxp3(+) and TR-1(+) regulatory cells, and (v) reduced IFN-γ inflammatory response vs. enhanced IL-10 suppressogenic response of T-cells upon polyclonal and antigen-specific stimulation. The T-cells from NOD/DR4 Tg mice were unable to induce or suppress diabetes in NOD/RAG deficient mice. This study describes a multifaceted regulatory function of the HLA-DR*0401 allele strongly associated with the lack of T1D development in NOD mice.
    Cellular Immunology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.09.003
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of cluster of differentiation (CD)36 on regulatory T cells (Treg) was investigated in gonadal (GN) adipose tissues and mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) of wild-type (WT) and CD36 deficient (CD36(-/-)) mice kept on standard fat (SFD, lean) or on high fat diet (HFD, obese). GN adipose tissue mass was smaller, but MLN size larger for obese CD36(-/-) versus obese WT mice. Overall, the reduction of Treg cells in GN adipose tissue and MLN after a HFD is much more prominent in WT than CD36(-/-) mice. Moreover, CD36(-/-) mice may be protected against obesity-related chronic inflammation.
    Cellular Immunology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.08.006
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    ABSTRACT: Several lines of evidence indicate that the immune response to Factor VIII (FVIII) in patients with hemophilia A is T cell-dependent. This review highlights the link between the epitope specificity of FVIII-specific T cells and their potential roles in different categories of patients. FVIII-specific T cells able to recognize wild-type (i.e. therapeutic) FVIII but not the mutated self FVIII of hemophilia patients have been identified in patients with mild/moderate hemophilia carrying some point mutations. Such T cells likely contribute to the higher frequency of neutralizing anti-FVIII antibodies (inhibitors) development in these patients. In contrast, as yet no T cells have been identified that can differentiate between FVIII molecules with non-hemophilia-causing single amino acid variants encoded by non-synonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the F8 gene. Other mechanisms are therefore still to be identified that will explain the clinically noted differences in the incidence of inhibitor development between patients of different races who are known to have differences at these sites. Beside information about the mechanism of inhibitor development, the analysis of FVIII-specific T cells has provided tools to develop novel diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, such as the generation of FVIII-specific regulatory T cells that may be useful in preventing or suppressing the immune response to FVIII.
    Cellular Immunology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.09.007
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    ABSTRACT: The concept of immunological tolerance has guided and permeated much of modern immunology. Ray Owen's ground-breaking observations in twin cattle provided the first mechanistic explanation for tolerance to self-molecules and established tolerance as a beneficial process that protects the host against autoreactivity. However, his studies also opened the door to understanding that tolerance may be detrimental, such as occurs when cancer cells induce tolerance/immune suppression resulting in inhibition of anti-tumor immunity. This article briefly traces the early history of the field of tumor immunology with respect to tolerance, and then focuses on a relatively recently identified population of cells called myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). MDSC are instrumental in causing tolerance/immune suppression in individuals with cancer. They are present in most individuals with cancer and because of their potent immune suppressive activity are a major deterrent to natural anti-tumor immunity and a significant obstacle to immunotherapy.
    Cellular Immunology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.09.011
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    ABSTRACT: Quantitative analysis of MUC1, a cell membrane associated mucin, expressed by intact cells of epithelial origin previously has been limited to flow cytometry, which requires using large quantities of cells and antibodies. Here, for the first time, we report the development of a novel Cellular-based Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (Cell ELISA) to quantify the expression of MUC1 by cell lines of epithelial and neuroectodermal origin using an antibody recognizing a specific tandem repeat found in the extracellular domain of MUC1. In contrast to flow cytometry, this method requires a much lower number of cells. We report here the results obtained from two variants of this Cell ELISA in live and fixed cells. We found that the Cell ELISA in live cells was not sensitive enough to detect a difference in MUC1 levels between the normal cells and tumor cells. However, we found that Cell ELISA in fixed cells followed by whole cell staining was a dependable method of MUC1 level detection in the normal and tumor cells showing significantly higher levels of MUC1 receptor in the tumor cells when compared to the normal controls. Therefore, we conclude that the Cell ELISA in fixed cells is an efficient method for quantifying the expression of MUC1 by epithelial and neuroectodermal cancer cell lines.
    Cellular Immunology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.09.009
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    ABSTRACT: What are the minimum specificity requirements of a thymic selective process that establishes (1) restrictive recognition of peptide, (2) the Self (S)-Nonself (NS) discrimination, and (3) the categories of effector function? Given an answer to that question, how well does it fit with the observed selective processes in thymus where T-cells are generated? Any discrepancies between the two must be rationalized. The goal of this essay is to attempt just that.
    Cellular Immunology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.09.008
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    ABSTRACT: Sperm protein 17 (SP17), a cancer/testis antigen, is expressed by non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study examined whether dendritic cells (DC) from human umbilical cord blood (UCB) could be induced for SP17 expression and induce antigen-specific CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) against NSCLC in vitro. We generated recombinant adenovirus of Ad-SP17 and control Ad-null. Infection with Ad-SP17, but not control, induced higher levels of SP17 expression in UCB-derived DC-Ad-SP17. Infection with Ad-SP17 significantly increased the frequency of CD80(+), CD83(+), CD86(+), and HLA-DR(+) DC that produced higher levels of IL-12, but lower IL-10. Co-culture of DC-Ad-SP17 with autologous UCB lymphocytes induced high frequency of IFNγ(+) CD8(+) CTLs, which had selective cytotoxicity against SP17(+) lung cancer CRL-5922 cells in a HLA-I restrictive manner. Thus, UCB-derived DC modulated for SP17 expression induced antigen-specific anti-tumor immunity against SP17(+) NSCLC, and SP17 may be a valuable target for development of immunotherapy against SP17(+) NSCLC. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Cellular Immunology 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.08.004
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to identify the role of phospholipase D1 (PLD1) in Amb a 1-induced IL-5 and IL-13 expression. When BEAS-2B cells were stimulated with Amb a 1, PLD activity increased, and knockdown of PLD1 decreased Amb a 1-induced IL-5 and IL-13 expression. Amb a 1 also activated the PLCγ/p70S6K/JNK pathway. Furthermore, Amb a 1-induced PLD activation was also attenuated by PLCγ inhibition, and knockdown of PLD1 decreased Amb a 1-induced activation of P70S6K and JNK. When ATF-2 activity was blocked with ATF-2 siRNA, Amb a 1-induced IL-5 and IL-13 expression was completely abolished, indicating that ATF-2 is a transcriptional factor required for the expression of IL-5 and IL-13 in response to Amb a 1. Taken together, we suggest that PLD1 acts as an important regulator in Amb a 1-induced expression of IL-5 and IL-13 via a PLCγ/p70S6K/JNK/ATF-2 pathway in BEAS-2B cells. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Cellular Immunology 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.08.003
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    ABSTRACT: T-bet is a T-box transcriptional factor that controls the differentiation and effector functions of CD4 T cells. In this study, we studied the role of T-bet in regulating CD4(+) T cell immunity against tuberculosis (TB). T-bet expression in Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells was significantly higher in patients with active TB than in individuals with latent TB infection (p<0.0001). Comparison of T-bet expression in TCM and TEM subsets showed that CD4(+)T-bet(+)M. tuberculosis antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells had significantly lower frequency of TCM (p=0.003) and higher frequency of TEM (p=0.003) than CD4(+)T-bet(-) cells. The expression of PD-1 in antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells was significantly higher in patients with TB than in individuals with latent TB infection (p=0.006). CD4(+)CD154(+)T-bet(+) T cells had significantly higher expression of PD-1 than CD4(+)CD154(+)T-bet(-) T cells (p=0.0028). It is concluded that T-bet expression might be associated with differentiation into effector memory cells and PD-1 expression in mycobacterial antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Cellular Immunology 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.08.002
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    ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus Latent Membrane Protein 2A (LMP2A) is expressed in EBV-infected B cells in the germinal center, a site of significant apoptosis induced by engagement of Fas on activated B cells. Signals from the B cell receptor (BCR) protect germinal center B cells from Fas-mediated apoptosis, and since LMP2A is a BCR mimic, we hypothesized that LMP2A would also protect B cells from Fas-mediated apoptosis. Surprisingly, latently-infected human and murine B cell lines expressing LMP2A were more sensitive to Fas-mediated apoptosis, as determined by increases in Annexin-V staining, and cleavage of caspase-8, -3 and PARP. Additional studies show that LMP2A-expressing B cell lines demonstrate a Lyn- and Syk-dependent increase in sensitivity to Fas-mediated apoptosis, due to an LMP2A-dependent enhancement in Fas expression. These findings demonstrate the ability for LMP2A to directly increase a pro-apoptotic molecule and have implications for EBV latency as well as the treatment of EBV-associated malignancies. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Cellular Immunology 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.08.001
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    ABSTRACT: HIV-1 Vpu has a variety of functions, including CD4 degradation and the downregulation of MHCII. Downregulation of the MHCII occurs through Vpu binding to the cytoplasmic domain of CD74, the chaperone for antigen presentation. The CD74 cytoplasmic domain also plays a vital role in cell signaling through the activation of an NF-κB signal cascade for the maturation, proliferation and survival of B cells as well as by binding the macrophage inhibitory factor. In view of these functions, it follows that the Vpu-CD74 interaction has multiple downstream consequences for the immune system as it not only impairs foreign antigen presentation but may also have an effect on signal transduction cascades. It is thought that Vpu specifically targets intracellular CD74 while other HIV-1 proteins cannot. Therefore, this protein-protein interaction would be a potential drug target in order to reduce viral persistence. We review the functional importance and specific binding site of Vpu and CD74. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Cellular Immunology 08/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.08.005
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    ABSTRACT: Immature dendritic cells (iDCs) have been shown to be able to induce peripheral T-cell tolerance through distinct pathways. Here, we investigated the tolerogenic property of recipient iDCs whose maturation was arrested by a dominant negative mutant of inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase 2 (dnIKK2) gene. We found that dnIKK2-iDCs presented a typical semi-mature morphology and expressed lower levels of CD80 and CD86, slightly higher MHC-II than untransfected iDCs. The expression of these molecules had no significant change even dnIKK2-iDCs were pulsed by donor antigen. In primary mixed leukocyte reaction (MLR), dnIKK2-iDCs exhibited impaired ability to stimulate allogeneic T-cells, but induced CD4(+)CD25(-) T-cell formation. In co-culture MLR, these CD4(+)CD25(-) T-cells suppressed T-cell alloreaction in an antigen-specific manner. Besides, CD4(+)CD25(-) T-cells inhibited IL-2 and IFN-γ release, whereas promoted IL-10 and TGF-β secretion. These data suggested recipient dnIKK2-iDCs could maintain peripheral tolerance through down-regulating costimulatory molecule expressions and inducing CD4(+)CD25(-) T-cell formation. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Cellular Immunology 08/2015; 43. DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.07.004
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    ABSTRACT: The difference in immunoregulatory effects between sirolimus and tacrolimus on kidney transplantation remains unclear. In this study, a total of 18 living-donor-related kidney transplant recipients received sirolimus (n=8) or tacrolimus (n=10) treatment. Kidney function, acute rejection, peripheral blood CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs), CD19(+)CD5(+)CD1d(+) regulatory B cells (Bregs), and panel reactivity antibody were analyzed after one and three years. Th1/2 cell polarization was also determined at one year. The proportion of Tregs in the recipients receiving tacrolimus significantly decreased to 3.69% and 2.49% at one and three years, respectively, compared to 6.59% in controls, whereas the proportion in the recipients receiving sirolimus remained at 6.67% and 5.66%, respectively. However, no differences in kidney function, acute rejection, proportion of Bregs, panel reactivity antibody, or the frequencies of Th1/2 cells were identified. In conclusion, unlike tacrolimus, sirolimus maintains the proportion of Tregs in kidney transplant recipients. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Cellular Immunology 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.07.002
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) possess a multi-lineage potential and immunoregulatory activities and provide a great potential in cell-based technologies. However, MSC suppressive activity raises concerns regarding the possible adverse effect of MSCs on the immune recovery. The influence of autologous MSC co-transplantation on recovery of T cell subsets in patients receiving autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) for malignant lymphomas and multiple myeloma were characterized. Co-transplantation of MSCs improved lymphocyte recovery most effectively in patients with low input of hematopoietic stem cells or low absolute lymphocyte count in apheresis product. MSC co-transplantation improved early recovery of both memory and naive T cells with more prominent effect on naive CD4(+) T cells. Patients with MSC co-transplantation showed more effective reconstitution of recent thymic emigrants. These data indicate the positive impact of MSCs on immune reconstitution and note MSC co-transplantation is feasible to optimize the outcomes of AHSCT in malignant lymphoma patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Cellular Immunology 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.07.001
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    ABSTRACT: Innate lymphoid cells are immune cells that reside in tissues that interface with the external environment and contribute to the first line defense against pathogens. However, they also have roles in promoting chronic inflammation. Here we demonstrate that group 3 ILCs, (ILC3s - CD45+Lin-IL-7Rα+RORγt+), are normal residents of the meninges and exhibit disease-induced accumulation and activation in EAE. In addition to production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-17 and GM-CSF, ILC3s constitutively express CD30L and OX40L, molecules required for memory T cell survival. We show that disease-induced trafficking of transferred wild type T cells to the meninges is impaired in ILC3-deficient Rorc-/- mice. Furthermore, lymphoid tissue inducer cells, a c-kit+ ILC3 subset that promotes ectopic lymphoid follicle development, a hallmark of many autoimmune diseases, are reduced in the meninges of EAE-resistant c-kit mutant Kit(W/Wv) mice. We propose that ILC3s sustain neuroinflammation by supporting T cell survival and reactivation in the meninges. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Cellular Immunology 07/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2015.06.006