Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research (J RECEPT SIG TRANSD )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

This widely respected journal presents the latest laboratory and clinical studies on biological receptors and associated signal transduction pathways for ligands involved in the regulation of central and peripheral tissues and cells, including the immune system, thus covering the field from neurotransmitters to peptides, steroids, growth factors, cytokines and drugs. The journal repidly communicates important research results to the international scientific community in a variety of stimulating formats, including original and review papers, brief communications, solicited and unsolicited mini reviews, and symposia proceedings. The Journal of Receptors and Signal Transduction maintains a rigorous peer-review process that ensures the originality, timeliness, and significance of topics covered, such as physicochemical and biophysical properties modeling molecular biology and genetics receptor structure and function the pathology of receptors as well as signal transduction pathway components from G proteins and second messengers to enzymes and ionic channels signal transduction pathways activated by receptor-ligand interactions molecular strategies for designing drugs acting on receptors receptors in the diagnosis and therapy of disease and much more! In addition, the Journal fulfills the vital need for a single source of information on all facets of receptor and signal transduction for researchers working in disciplines as diverse as anesthesiology biochemistry biophysics cancer research endocrinology immunology medicinal chemistry microbiology molecular and cell biology molecular physiology neurobiology neuroscience pathology pharmacology physical chemistry radiation oncology toxicology.

Impact factor 1.61

  • Hide impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.41
  • Cited half-life
    6.20
  • Immediacy index
    0.35
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.43
  • Website
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research website
  • Other titles
    Journal of receptor and signal transduction research, Journal of receptors and signal transduction
  • ISSN
    1079-9893
  • OCLC
    31634807
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals or 18 months embargo for SSH journals
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a pivotal role in both innate and adaptive immunity, and TLRs recognize invading pathogens through molecular pattern recognition, and ultimately lead to the activation of transcription factors and inflammatory responses. Myocardial infarction leads to changes in the remodeling of the left ventricle of the heart, and the degree and type of remodeling provides important diagnostic information for the therapeutic management of ischemic heart disease. Innate immune takes a most important role in myocardial infarction. There are some studies reporting that TLRs play an important role in the myocardial infarction. The literatures were searched extensively and this review was performed to review the role of TLRs in myocardial infarction.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract GNE Myopathy (GNEM) is a neuromuscular disorder caused by mutations in the GNE gene. It is a slowly progressive distal and proximal muscle weakness sparing the quadriceps. In this study, we applied our model of mutated M743T GNE enzyme skeletal muscle-cultured myoblasts and paired healthy controls to depict the pattern of signaling proteins controlling survival and/or apoptosis of the PI3K/AKT, BCL2, ARTS/XIAP pathways, examined the effects of metabolic changes/stimuli on their expression and activation, and their potential role in GNEM. Immunoblot analysis of the GNEM myoblasts indicated a notable increased level of activated PTEN and PDK1 and a trend of relative differences in the expression and activation of the examined signaling molecules with variability among the cultures. ANOVA analysis showed a highly significant interaction between the level of PTEN and the patients groups. In parallel, the interaction between the level of BCL2, BAX and PTEN with the specific PI3K/AKT inhibitor-LY294002 was highly significant for BCL2 and nearly significant for PTEN and BAX. The pattern of the ARTS/XIAP signaling proteins of GNEM and the paired controls was variable, with no significant differences between the two cell types. The response of the GNEM cells to the metabolic changes/stimuli: serum depletion and insulin challenge, as indicated by expression of selected signaling proteins, was variable and similar to the control cells. Taken together, our observations provide a clearer insight into specific signaling molecules influencing growth and survival of GNEM muscle cells.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Tripartite motif 22 (TRIM22) is involved in various cellular processes. It has been reported that TRIM22 can activate nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway, but the precise mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we explored the exact role of TRIM22 in activating the NF-κB pathway. Different to tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) induction, we found that the overexpression of TRIM22 could induce the processing of p100 to p52 in HEK293T cells. Furthermore, based on the results of co-immunoprecipitation and co-localization experiments, we demonstrated that TRIM22 could interact with IκB kinase (IKK)α but not IKKβ and could increase the level and phosphorylation of IKKα through its really interesting new gene (RING) and spla-ryanodine receptor (SPRY) domains. These results suggest that TRIM22 is able to activate the noncanonical but not the canonical NF-κB pathway by activating IKKα. This finding will aid our understanding of the biological function of TRIM22.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract IL-27 plays an important role in anti-cancer activity. The -964A/G polymorphism in IL-27 gene has been implicated in susceptibility to cancer, but the results were conflicting. The aim of this study was to assess the association between this polymorphism and cancer risk. Pubmed and Wanfang database were searched for all publications concerning IL-27 -964A/G polymorphism and cancer risk. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to assess the strength of association. Statistical analysis was performed using Stata 11.0 software. A total of eight case-control studies including 2044 cancer cases and 2197 controls were identified. Overall, significant association between IL-27 -964A/G polymorphism and cancer risk was observed (GG versus AA: OR = 1.26, 95% CI = 1.03-1.52; GG versus AG + AA: OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.00-1.44). In subgroup analysis based on cancer type, significant association was found in colorectal cancer (GG versus AA: OR = 1.55, 95% CI = 1.07-2.27; AG versus AA: OR = 1.31, 95% CI = 1.02-1.67). The current meta-analysis suggests that IL-27 -964A/G polymorphism might enhance cancer risk. However, large-scale and well-designed studies are still needed to confirm the result of our meta-analysis. The association of IL-27 polymorphism with colorectal cancer may provide insight for future therapies.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (CXCL12) and its receptor CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) are known to modulate hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) and vascular remodeling by mobilization and recruitment of progenitor cells to the pulmonary vasculature. However, little is known about CXCL12/CXCR4 regulating proliferation and cell cycle progression of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). To determine whether CXCL12/CXCR4 regulates PASMC proliferation and the cell cycle, immunohistochemistry, Western blot, bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and cell cycle analysis were preformed in this study. Our results showed that CXCR4 was induced by hypoxia in pulmonary arteries and PASMCs of rats. Hypoxia-increased cell viability, DNA synthesis and proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression were blocked by administration of CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100, silencing CXCR4 or CXCL12. Furthermore, inhibition of CXCL12/CXCR4 suppressed cell cycle progression, decreased the number of cells in S+G2/M phase and attenuated the expression of proteins that regulate the cell cycle progression at these phases. In addition, PI3K/Akt signaling mediated CXCL12/CXCR4 regulating proliferation and cell cycle progression in PASMCs. Thus, these results indicate that blockade of CXCL12/CXCR4 inhibited PASMC proliferation and cell cycle progression in hypoxia-induced PH via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: Bile acids are recognized as signaling molecules, mediating their effects both through the cell surface receptor TGR5 and the nuclear receptor FXR. After a meal, approximately 95% of the bile acids are transported from terminal ileum and back to the liver via the portal vein, resulting in postprandial elevations of bile acids in blood. During the digestion of fat, components from the microbiota, including LPS, are thought to reach the circulation where it may lead to inflammatory responses after binding TLR4 immune cells. Both LPS and bile acids are present in blood after a high-fat meal; we therefore wanted to study consequences of a possible interplay between TGR5 and TLR4 in human monocytes. Methods: The monocytic cell line U937 stably transfected with the NF-κB reporter plasmid 3x-κB-luc was used as a model system to study the effects of TGR5 and TLR4. Activation of MAP kinases was studied to reveal functional consequences of triggering TGR5 in U937 cells. Effects of TGR5 and TLR4 activation were monitored using NF-κB luciferase assay and by quantification of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8 using ELISA. Results: In this study, results show that triggering TGR5 with the specific agonist betulinic acid (BA), and the bile acids CDCA or DCA, activated both the main MAP kinases ERK1/2, p38 and JNK, and the NF-κB signaling pathway. We further demonstrated that co-triggering of TLR4 and TGR5 enhanced the activation of NF-κB and the release of inflammatory cytokines in a synergistic manner compared to triggering of TLR4 alone. Conclusions: Thus, two different and simultaneous events associated with the digestive process coordinately affect the function of human monocytes and contribute to enhanced inflammation. Because elevated levels of circulatory LPS may contribute to the development of insulin resistance, the results from this study suggest that bile acids through the activation of TGR5 may have a role in the development of insulin resistance as well.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Hepatic fibrosis is overly exuberant wound healing in which excessive connective tissue builds up in the liver. The treatment of hepatic fibrosis is still difficult and remains a challenge to the clinician. In recent years, the TGF-β signaling pathway regulator tyrosine kinase Abl has been raised as a new and promising target of hepatic fibrosis therapy. Here, considering that there are numerous drugs and drug-like compounds being approved or under clinical development and experimental investigation, it is expected that some of the existing drugs can be re-exploited as new agents to target Abl with the capability of suppressing hepatic fibrosis. To achieve this, a synthetic protocol that integrated molecular docking, affinity scoring dynamics simulation and free energy analysis was described to systematically profile the inhibitory potency of various drugs and drug-like compounds against the kinase domain of Abl. Consequently, 4 out of 13 tested drug candidates were successfully identified to have high-Abl inhibitory activities. By visually examining the dynamics behavior, structural basis and energetic property of few typical Abl-drug complex cases, a significantly different pattern of non-bonded interactions between the binding of active and inactive drug ligands to Abl receptor was revealed; the former is defined by strong, specific chemical forces, while the latter can only form non-specific hydrophobic contacts with slight atomic collisions.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The first account on the dynamic features of Nef or negative factor, a small myristoylated protein located in the cytoplasm believes to increase HIV-1 viral titer level, is reported herein. Due to its major role in HIV-1 pathogenicity, Nef protein is considered an emerging target in anti-HIV drug design and discovery process. In this study, comparative long-range all-atom molecular dynamics simulations were employed for apo and bound protein to unveil molecular mechanism of HIV-Nef dimerization and inhibition. Results clearly revealed that B9, a newly discovered Nef inhibitor, binds at the dimeric interface of Nef protein and caused significant separation between orthogonally opposed residues, namely Asp108, Leu112 and Gln104. Large differences in magnitudes were observed in the radius of gyration (∼1.5 Å), per-residue fluctuation (∼2 Å), C-alpha deviations (∼2 Å) which confirm a comparatively more flexible nature of apo conformation due to rapid dimeric association. Compared to the bound conformer, a more globally correlated motion in case of apo structure of HIV-Nef confirms the process of dimeric association. This clearly highlights the process of inhibition as a result of ligand binding. The difference in principal component analysis (PCA) scatter plot and per-residue mobility plot across first two normal modes further justifies the same findings. The in-depth dynamic analyses of Nef protein presented in this report would serve crucial in understanding its function and inhibition mechanisms. Information on inhibitor binding mode would also assist in designing of potential inhibitors against this important HIV target.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: p300/CBP-associated factor (PCAF) is one among the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) family enzymes. It is involved in the regulation of transcription by modifying the chromatin structure indirectly through the acetylation of histones. It has been emerged as a promising drug target for various types of cancer. A four-point pharmacophore with two hydrogen bond acceptor, one aromatic ring and one hydrophobic feature, was generated for six highly active isothiazolone derivatives as PCAF inhibitors in order to elucidate their anticancer activity. The generated pharmacophore was used for screening three different databases such as Maybridge, Life Chemicals and Chembridge databases. The screened compounds were further filtered through docking studies. Then the compounds were further carried for ADME prediction. The best three compounds BTB09406, F1418-0051 and F1880-1727 were docked to GCN5 to explore the dual inhibitory properties. The conformational stability of the protein–ligand complexes were analyzed through molecular dynamics simulation. Three best compounds were finally went through electronic structure analysis using density functional theory (DFT) at B3LYP/6-31**G level to understand their molecular reactivity. The results obtained from this study exploit that the three best compounds (BTB09406, F1418-0051 and F1880-1727) were found to have more potent and dual inhibitory properties.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Luffa acutangula (Cucurbitaceae) is widely used as a traditional medicine in India and was reported to possess various pharmacological activities including its anti-proliferative effects. In this study, the bioactive compound of ethanolic extract of L. acutangula (LA) was isolated using bioassay-guided approach. Five major fractions were collected and evaluated for their anti-proliferative activity against non-small cell lung cancer cells (NCI-H460). Among the test fractions, the fraction LA/FII effectively decreased the growth of cancer cells with IC50 values of 10 µg/ml concentration. Furthermore, it significantly increased intracellular reactive oxygen species and decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential. The apoptogenic activity of fraction LA/FII was confirmed by cell shrinkage, membrane blebbing and formation of apoptotic bodies. A single bioactive compound was isolated from the active faction, LA/FII and subsequently identified as 1,8 dihydroxy-4-methylanthracene 9,10-dione (compound 1) by comparing its spectral data [Ultraviolet (UV), Infrared (IR), Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectroscopy (ESI-MS)] with literature values. This is the first report on the isolation of compound 1 from this plant.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The enzyme complex IκB kinase (IKK) is an essential activator of NF-κB signaling pathway involved in propagating the cellular response to inflammation. The complex contains two functional subunits IKKα and IKKβ, which are structurally conserved kinases and selective inhibition of them would result in distinct biological effects. However, most existing IKK inhibitors show moderate or high promiscuity for the two homologous kinases. Understanding of the molecular mechanism and biological implication underlying the specific interactions in IKK–ligand recognition is thus fundamentally important for the rational design of selective IKK inhibitors. In the current work, we integrated molecular docking, quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics calculation and Poisson–Boltzmann/surface area analysis to investigate the structural basis and energetic property of the selective binding of small-molecule ligands to IKKα and IKKβ. It was found that the selectivity is primarily determined by the size and topology difference in ATP-binding pocket of IKKα and IKKβ kinase domains; bulky inhibitor molecules commonly have, respectively, low and appropriate affinities towards IKKα and IKKβ, and thus exhibit relatively high selectivity for IKKβ over IKKα, whereas small ligands can only bind weakly to both the two kinases with low selectivity. In addition, the conformation, arrangement and distribution of residues in IKK pockets are also responsible for constituting the exquisite specificity of ligand binding to KKα and IKKβ. Next, a novel quantitative structure–selectivity relationship model was developed to characterize the relative contribution of each kinase residue to inhibitor selectivity and to predict the selectivity and specificity for a number of known IKK inhibitors. Results showed that the active-site residues contribute significantly to the selectivity by directly interacting with inhibitor ligands, while those protein portions far away from the kinase active sites may also play an important role in determining the selectivity through long-range non-bonded forces and indirect allosteric effect.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract MicroRNA (miRNA) is a class of small endogenous non-coding RNAs that are ∼ 22 nucleotides in length and can have structural, enzymatic and post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression targeting mRNA for translational repression and/or degradation. miR-497 is high on the list of noncoding, small, regulatory RNAs that plays important roles in the pathogenesis of some diseases and takes part in some signaling pathways in some diseases, but many questions await answers. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a notable chemokine that plays critical roles in angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. There might be an association between miRNA-497 and VEGF. This review was performed to sum up the roles of miR-497 and its potential signaling pathway in diseases and with VEGF.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
  • Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptorγ (PPARγ) can regulate the process of cell apoptosis and is related to the progression of renal disorders. Retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARα) is one of the nuclear receptors involved in a variety of kidney diseases. Renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) is a common denominator of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study investigated whether a potential signaling pathway existed between PPARγ and RARα in RIF rats with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). The rats were randomly divided into four groups: a model group subjected to UUO (GU), and three other groups treated with rosiglitazone sodium (GRS), GW9662 and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), n = 40, respectively. Renal tissues were collected two and four weeks after post-surgery. The relevant indicators were detected. In comparison with the GU group, the expressions of PPARγ and RARα (protein and mRNA) were increased in the GRS group, and decreased in the GW9662 group (all p < 0.01). The RIF index, mRNA and protein expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), and the protein expressions of collagen-IV (Col-IV) and fibronectin (FN) in the GRS group were more markedly reduced than those in the GU group; their levels in the GW9662 group were elevated (all p < 0.01). PPARγ or RARα was negatively correlated to the RIF index, TGF-β1, Col-IV and FN. PPARγ was positively correlated with RARα (all p < 0.01). In conclusion, PPARγ agonist can elevate the expression of PPARγ or RARα in RIF rats. There might be a potential signaling pathway between PPARγ and RARα in RIF disease.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Context: G protein-coupled receptors are vital macromolecules for a wide variety of physiological processes. Upon agonist binding, these receptors accelerate the exchange of GDP for GTP in G proteins coupled to them. The activated G protein interacts with effector proteins to implement downstream biological functions. Objective: We present a kinetic, quaternary complex model, based on a system of coupled linear first-order differential equations, which accounts for the binding attributes of the ligand, receptor, G protein and two types of guanine nucleotide (GDP and GTP) as well as for GTPase activity. Methods: We solved the model numerically to predict the extents of G protein activation, receptor occupancy by ligand and receptor coupling that result from varying the ligand concentration, presence of GDP and/or GTP, the ratio of G protein to receptor and the equilibrium constants governing receptor pre-coupling and constitutive activity. We also simulated responses downstream from G protein activation using a transducer function. Results: Our model shows that agonist-induced G protein activation can occur with either a net decrease or increase in total receptor-G protein coupling. In addition, we demonstrate that affinity constants of the ligand for both the active and inactive states of the receptor can be derived to a close approximation from analysis of simulated responses downstream from receptor activation. Discussion and conclusion: The latter result validates our prior methods for estimating the active state affinity constants of ligands, and our results on receptor coupling have relevance to studies investigating receptor-G protein interactions using fluorescence techniques.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: To better understand the risks of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and certain subsets conferred by mannose-binding lectin (MBL2) polymorphisms in different races. Materials and methods: Eighteen articles (4810 cases and 4585 controls) were identified from the latest literature search carried out in May 2014 using PubMed, Web of Science, Wanfang Database (Chinese) and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms of codon 52, 54 and 57, exonic and extended genotypic variance in MBL2 were synthesized. Results: Codon 54 mutation of MBL2 was unlikely to be a risk factor for RA in overall population, but turned out to be deleterious in East Asian (four studies with 523 cases and 647 controls, pooled OR:1.63, 95% CI: 1.23-2.17). Codon 54 mutation increased the risk of seropositive and erosive RA by 44% and 162%, respectively (three studies with 281 cases and 358 controls, 95% CI: 1.01-2.05; 3 studies with 180 cases and 499 controls, 95% CI: 1.77-3.88). Furthermore, those risks were relatively stronger when restricted in East Asian (two studies with 147 cases and 244 controls, pooled OR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.19-2.87; 2 studies with 170 cases and 291 controls, pooled OR: 2.78, 95% CI: 1.85-4.20). No remarkable associations were detected regarding codon 52, 57, exon 1 and extended genotype of MBL2. Conclusions: Polymorphism of codon 54 in MBL2 may predispose to RA, especially seropositive or erosive RA, which East Asian appears to be more vulnerable.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The association studies from different ethnic groups showed that vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms might be connected with the susceptibility to ulcerative colitis (UC); however, the conclusions were less consistent. Our study aimed to analyze the associations of UC with common mutations of VDR in Chinese patients. A total of 382 UC patients and 489 healthy controls were recruited. The genotypes of VDR FokI (rs2228570), BsmI (rs1544410), ApaI (rs7975232) and TaqI (rs731236) were examined by SNaPshot assays. Haplotype analysis was performed in all study subjects. After Bonferroni correction, the mutant alleles and genotypes of VDR FokI, BsmI, ApaI and TaqI did not statistically differ between UC patients and the controls (all p > 0.0125). However, the mutant allele C and genotype TC + CC of FokI gene were significantly increased in patients with mild and moderate UC compared to those with severe UC (C allele: 54.1% versus 39.3%, OR = 1.83, 95% CI: 1.21–2.75, p = 0.004; TC + CC genotype: 81.6% versus 57.1%, OR = 3.32, 95% CI: 1.83–6.06, p < 0.001, respectively). Haplotype analysis showed that the VDR BsmI, ApaI and TaqI polymorphic loci were in a strong linkage disequilibrium. Furthermore, the frequency of AAC haplotype was statistically lower in UC patients than that in the controls (3.8 versus 5.9%, OR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.39–1.01, p = 0.039). In conclusion, the mutation of FokI gene influenced severity of the disease in UC patients. Moreover, the AAC haplotype formed by the VDR BsmI, ApaI and TaqI gene might engender a reduced risk of UC attack.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor activity both in vitro and in vivo of a polysaccharide obtained from Ganoderma lucidum on HL-60 acute myeloid leukemia cells, and focused on its targeting effect on mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. It was found by the methods such as western blot and flow cytometry (FCM), that G. lucidum polysaccharide (GLP) blocked the extracellular signal-regulated kinase/MAPK signaling pathway, simultaneously activated p38 and JNK MAPK pathways, and therefore regulated their downstream genes and proteins, including p53, c-myc, c-fos, c-jun, Bcl-2, Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and cyclin D1. As a result, cycle arrest and apoptosis of HL-60 cells were induced. Therefore, GLP exerted anti-tumor activity via MAPK pathways in HL-60 acute leukemia cells.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 10/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: he mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway plays key roles in the transmission of proliferative signals in normal and dysregulated cells. Nevertheless, some studies have shown that activation of the extracellular regulated kinases 1/2 (Erk1/2) is involved in apoptosis. In this study, we evaluate the effect of two fertilizing drugs, clomiphene citrate and estradiol, on the activation of Erk1/2 and the viability of two breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 (hormone dependent) and BT20 (hormone independent).We show that both drugs induce Erk1/2 phosphorylation in MCF-7 and BT20 cells despite their opposite effect on cell viability. In fact, clomiphene citrate is significantly proapoptotic while estradiol promotes cell proliferation. The fact that phospho-Erk1/2 is a common element to both mechanisms suggests that specific factors deciding between proliferation and apoptosis must be operative downstream of this signaling pathway.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 10/2014;