Drug Delivery (DRUG DELIV )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


Drug Delivery serves the academic and industrial communities with peer reviewed coverage of basic research, development, and application principles of drug delivery and targeting at molecular, cellular, and higher levels. Topics covered include all delivery systems and modes of entry, such as controlled release systems; microcapsules, liposomes, vesicles, and macromolecular conjugates; antibody targeting; protein/peptide delivery. Published articles present original research and critical reviews. The journal also presents letters to the editor, book reviews, and announcements of interest to the readership such as Patent Briefings, Literature Alerts, and Calendars of Events.

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    Drug Delivery website
  • Other titles
    Drug delivery (Online), Drug delivery
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  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

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Taylor & Francis

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    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review is aimed to discuss the molecular imprinted polymer (MIP)-based drug delivery systems (DDS). Molecular imprinted polymers have proved to possess the potential and also as a suitable material in several areas over a long period of time. However, only recently it has been employed for pharmaceuticals and biomedical applications, particularly as drug delivery vehicles due to properties including selective recognition generated from imprinting the desired analyte, favorable in harsh experimental conditions, and feedback-controlled recognitive drug release. Hence, this review will discuss their synthesis, the reason they are selected as drug delivery vehicles and for their applications in several drug administration routes (i.e. transdermal, ocular and gastrointestinal or stimuli-reactive routes).
    Drug Delivery 09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The conventional formulation of prednisolone is considered to be low in efficacy, primarily on account of their failure in providing and maintaining effective therapeutic drug levels. This study aims to focus on development of a mucoadhesive buccal delivery system with a twofold objective of offering a rapid as well as a prolonged delivery of prednisolone coupled with enhanced therapeutic efficacy. Buccoadhesive films of prednisolone were prepared by solvent-casting method using hydroxyl propyl methyl cellulose (K100), Carbopol 940 and/or Eudragit® NE 40 D. Placebo films possessing the most desirable physicomechanical properties were selected for drug loading. The effect of polymer and its content on film properties, i.e. mucoadhesive strength, swelling and hydration, in vitro drug release was studied. Based on these studies, film F7D was selected for ex vivo permeation across porcine cheek mucosa. The steady state flux of prednisolone across the buccal mucosa was found to be 105.33 ± 32.07 µg/cm(2)/h. A comparative pharmacokinetic study of prepared film (F7D) and oral suspension of prednisolone was conducted. In vivo data of buccal film show greater bioavailability (AUC0-α: 24.26 ± 4.06 µg.h/ml versus 10.65 ± 2.15 µg.h/ml) and higher Cmax (2.70 ± 0.38 µg/ml versus 2.29 ± 0.32 µg/ml) value when compared to oral suspension. The data observed from this study highlight the feasibility of the buccal route as a viable option for delivery of prednisolone.
    Drug Delivery 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Thiocolchicoside (TCC) is an effective therapeutic agent against the orthopaedic, traumatic and rheumatologic disorders but it suffer from the drawback of poor bioavailability due to extensive first pass metabolism and low permeability via the oral route. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential of nanoemulsion (NE) for bioavailability enhancement of TCC through the transdermal route. The NEs were developed using Linseed: sefsol in 1:1 ratio as the oil phase, span 80, Transcutol P and distilled water as surfactant, co-surfactant and aqueous phase. Furthermore, selected formulations were subjected to physical stability and consequently evaluated for in vitro permeation using porcine skin. The optimized formulation had small average globule diameter of 117 nm with polydispersity index of 0.285. The globules were spherical in shape as observed by transmission electron microscopy. The in vitro skin permeation profile of optimized NE was compared with aqueous solution of TCC. Significant increase in permeability parameters were observed in NEs formulation (p < 0.05) as compared to aqueous solution of TCC. The steady-state flux (Jss) and permeability coefficient (Kp) for optimized NE formulation (C1) were found to be 30.63 ± 4.18 µg/cm(2)/h and 15.21 × 10(-3) ± 2.81cm(2)/h, respectively. The results of enhanced permeation through transdermal route suggest that water-in-oil NEs which are compatible with the lipophilic sebum environment of the hair follicle facilitate the transport of TCC, and such transport might be predominantly transfollicular in nature. Overall, these results suggested that water-in-oil NEs are good carriers for transdermal delivery of TCC.
    Drug Delivery 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Streptokinase is one of the most commonly used thrombolytic agents for the treatment of thromboembolism. Short half-life of the streptokinase requires administration of higher dose which results in various side effects including systemic haemorrhage due to activation of systemic plasmin. To increase the selectivity of the streptokinase and hence to reduce side effects, various novel carriers have been developed. Among these carriers, liposomes have been emerged as versatile carrier. In the present study, highly selective target-sensitive liposomes were developed and evaluated by in vitro and in vivo studies. Prepared liposomes were found to release streptokinase in vitro following binding with activated platelets. Intravital microscopy studies in thrombosed murine model revealed higher accumulation of liposomes in the thrombus area. In vivo thrombolysis study was performed in the human clot inoculated rat model. Results of the study showed that target-sensitive liposomes dissolved 28.27 ± 1.56% thrombus as compared to 17.18 ± 1.23% of non-liposomal streptokinase. Further, it was also observed that target-sensitive liposomes reduced the clot dissolution time as compared to streptokinase solution. Studies concluded that developed liposomes might be pragmatic carriers for the treatment of thromboembolism.
    Drug Delivery 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The effectiveness of intranasal drug delivery for brain targeting has emerged as a hope of remedy for various CNS disorders. The nose to brain absorption of therapeutic molecules claims two effective pathways, which include trans-neuronal for immediate action and para-neuronal for delayed action. To evaluate the contribution of both the pathways in absorption of therapeutic molecules and nanocarriers, lidocaine, a nerve-blocking agent, was used to impair the action potential of olfactory nerve. An anti-Parkinson drug ropinirole was covalently complexes with 99mTc in presence of SnCl2 using in-house developed reduction technology. The radiolabeled formulations were administered intranasally in lidocaine challenged rabbit and rat. The qualitative and quantitative outcomes of neural and non-neural pathways were estimated using gamma scintigraphy and UHPLC-MS/MS, respectively. The results showed a significant (p ≤ 0.005) increase in radioactivity counts and drug concentration in the brain of rabbit and rat compared to the animal groups challenged with lidocaine. This concludes the significant contribution (p ≤ 0.005) of trans-neuronal and para-neuronal pathway in nose to brain drug delivery. Therefore, results proved that it is an art of a formulator scientist to make the drug carriers to exploit the choice of absorption pathway for their instant and extent of action.
    Drug Delivery 04/2014;
  • Drug Delivery 01/2014;
  • Drug Delivery 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Liposomal nerve growth factor (NGF) was used for the treatment of focal cerebral ischemia in a rat model. Positive charge inducing agents of sphingosine (SP) and stearylamine (S) were formulated in the liposomal NGF. Dose-response of intraventricular injection of liposomal NGF showed significant reduction in infarct volume at the dose of 5 and 10 microg/rat of NGF. The liposomal NGF formulated with SP or S demonstrated similar results in the reduction of total infarct volume in rats. When we increased the molar ratio of SP and S from 0.15 to 0.3, the infarct volume from rats showed a similar value as that of the control treated with NGF solution. Liposomal NGF was given prior to the development of ischemia. We found that NGF was effective in prevention of neuronal death. The NGF concentrations in brain for liposomal NGF were maintained in a level significantly higher than those for NGF solution. This was attributed to the positively charged liposomal NGF bound effectively in brain ventricle and caused longer retention time than free NGF for localization in brain. Therefore, the effect of liposomal NGF on reduction of infarct volume was significant. We assumed that the transportation of NGF might go through the cerebrospinal fluid pathway throughout the ventricular system and subarachnoid system to cerebral cortex to produce a therapeutic effect on ischemia.
    Drug Delivery 10/2008; 11(5):319-24.
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    ABSTRACT: A mesoporous material based on aluminosilicate mixture was studied to investigate its ability to include drugs and then release them. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents such as diflunisal, naproxen, ibuprofen and its sodium salt have been used in this study. The preparation of the mesoporous material and its characterization by X-ray, N2 absorption-desorption isotherm, and thermogravimetry analysis have been described. Drug loading was performed by a soaking procedure. Drug-loaded matrices were characterized for entrapped drug amount, water absorption ability, and thermogravimetric behavior. Drug release studies also were performed at pH 1.1 and 6.8 mimicking gastrointestinal fluids. Experimental results showed that this type of matrix is able to trap the bioactive agents by a soaking procedure and, then, to release them in conditions mimicking the biological fluids. Also, the high affinity of these matrices for water makes them potentially biocompatible. Release data suggest that the matrix impregnated with diflunisal offers good potential as a system for the modified drug release.
    Drug Delivery 10/2008; 11(1):41-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of RMP-7 and its derivative on drug transport across blood brain barrier (BBB), RMP-7 and DSPE-PEG-NHS [1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-n-[poly(ethyleneglycol)]-hydroxy succinamide, PEG M 3400] were conjugated under mild conditions and the reaction ratio was determined using MALDI-TOF-MS (matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry). An endothelial cell monolayer in vitro BBB model was established and used to determine the bioactivity of RMP-7 and its derivative "opening BBB." Horse radish peroxide (HRP), liposome (HRP-L-PEG), and Evans blue (EB) liposome (EB-L-PEG) were prepared using the reverse-phase evaporation method. HRP-L-PEG-RMP-7 and EB-L-PEG-RMP-7 were obtained by inserting DSPE-PEG-RMP-7 into the surface of liposome. The bioactivity of RMP-7 and DSPE-PEG-RMP-7 opening BBB were evaluated to determine their effect on the permeation ratio of HRP and HRP liposome across the in vitro BBB model. To evaluate the in vivo bioactivity of RMP-7 and DSPE-PEG-RMP-7 on EB transport across BBB into the brain, the indicated compounds were administered to rats. Then, brain slices were analyzed using confocal laser scanning microcopy and the EB concentration in the brain, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney was determined using the formamide-extraction-ultraviolet-spectrophotometric method. The results demonstrated that RMP-7 was conjugated with DSPE-PEG-NHS at the molecular ratio of 1:1 and the product is DSPE-PEG-RMP-7. Compared with adding HRP alone, RMP-7 and DSPE-PEG-RMP-7 improved 2- to 3-fold the transport of HRP in the in vitro BBB model. The in vivo experiments showed that DSPE-PEG-RMP-7 was better at facilitating EB transport into brain than RMP-7. The reason may be that DSPE-PEG-RMP-7 can "open BBB" as soon as the EB-L-PEG-RMP-7 reaches BBB.
    Drug Delivery 10/2008; 11(5):301-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this research is the preparation of acryloylated bovine serum albumin microspheres and the evaluation of their employment in drug delivery. The influence of preparation parameters on albumin microspheres and the chemicophysical properties of loaded drugs were investigated. In particular, we focused our attention on acylation albumin degree, amount of acryloylated albumin against comonomer in the polymerization step, and finally the release profile. We considered on the interaction drug-matrix, the fuctionalization degree of albumin, and the water affinity of matrix.
    Drug Delivery 10/2008; 12(4):229-34.
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    ABSTRACT: Transcutaneous administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and essential fatty acids from fish oil, principally eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), may simultaneously lead to increased cyclooxygenase inhibition and the production of less potent inflammatory mediators within joints. The objective of our study was to determine the permeation of ketoprofen, EPA, and DHA (from fish oil) across pig ear skin in vitro in the presence of the enhancer 1,8-cineole. Formulations containing 2.5% ketoprofen in fish oil with varying concentrations of 1,8-cineole were prepared and applied to full-thickness pig ear skin mounted in all glass Franz-type diffusion cells. Simultaneous permeation of ketoprofen and EPA and DHA from these formulations was determined by reverse phase HPLC over a 48-hr period (n = 6). We found that fish oil alone enhanced the permeation of ketoprofen across pig ear by a factor of 1.72 relative to a water vehicle. There was a dose-dependent increase in the rate of permeation of ketoprofen relative to the concentration of 1,8-cineole. The highest Q24 and Q48 was obtained with a 20% 1,8-cineole formulation with values of 355.78 +/- 50.73 microg cm(-2) and 963.29 +/- 136.69 microg cm(-2), respectively. Surprisingly, no clear effect upon the permeation of EPA and DHA by 1,8-cineole was observed, with the highest Q24 and Q48 values seen in a formulation containing no 1,8-cineole. This may have been due to differential solvation effects prior to or during the permeation process or modulation of the skin during the permeation process.
    Drug Delivery 10/2008; 12(1):7-14.
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    ABSTRACT: Alpha,beta-poly(asparthylhydrazide) (PAHy), a water soluble synthetic polymer, was functionalized by using EDCI chemistry with 3-(carboxypropyl)trimethyl-ammonium chloride (CPTACl) obtaining carboxypropyltrimethyl ammonium copolymers (PAHy-CPTA). Three PAHy-CPTA copolymers at increasing derivatization degrees (38%, 48%, 58%) were chosen for subsequent investigations. The capability of these copolymers to bind, neutralize, and protect DNA against degradation by DNase II was evalued by gel retardation assay and DNA degradation test at pH 5.5. Zeta potential measurements show that all studied polymers are able to neutralize the anionic charge of DNA at polymer/DNA weight ratio in the range of 0.8/1-5/1. Polyplex dimensional distribution analyses in bistilled water, saline solution NaCl 0.9%, and HEPES pH 7 show that polyplex size is strongly affected by both presence and type of electrolyte and with time incubation.
    Drug Delivery 10/2008; 12(6):377-84.
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    ABSTRACT: A noval cellulose acetate/chitosan multimicrospheres (CACM) was prepared by the method of w/o/w emulsion. The concentration of cellulose acetate (CA) and the ratio of CA/chitosan (CS) had influence on the CACM size, and appearance. Ranitidine hydrochloride loading, and releasing efficiency in vitro were investigated. The optimal condition for preparation of the microspheres was CA concentration at 2% and the ratio of CA/CS at 3/1. The microspheres size was 200-350 microm. The appearance of microspheres was spherical, porous, and nonaggregated. The highest loading efficiency was 21%. The ranitidine release from the CACM was 40% during 48 hr in buffers.
    Drug Delivery 10/2008; 13(4):261-7.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our present work was to establish the effect of the osmolality of the hypotonic buffer on the encapsulated amount and the in vitro properties of Amikacin-loaded erythrocytes. Amikacin was encapsulated in rat erythrocytes using a hypotonic dialysis method with hypotonic buffers of different osmolalities with mean values around 90 and 150 mOsm/kg. Morphological examination of the ghost erythrocytes was accomplished using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The osmotic fragility of normal and loaded erythrocytes was tested using hypotonic solutions. Evaluation of the hematological parameters of the control and loaded erythrocytes was carried out using a hematology system analyzer. Amikacin release from loaded erythrocytes was tested in autologous plasma at 37 degrees C over a 24-h period. The quantification of Amikacin in loaded erythrocytes and in autologous plasma was performed using an HPLC technique. A higher osmotic fragility of loaded erythrocytes was observed using a low osmolality buffer. Some hematological parameters showed statistically significant differences between the loaded erythrocytes obtained using two buffers of different osmolalities with respect to untreated erythrocytes. According to our results, Amikacin carrier erythrocytes obtained by hypotonic dialysis using a low osmolality buffer (90 mOsm/kg) should afford a good encapsulation yield, appropriate morphological properties, and sustained release in vitro.
    Drug Delivery 10/2008; 12(6):409-16.