Cell adhesion and communication Journal Impact Factor & Information

Journal description

Discontinued. Continued by Cell Communication & Adhesion (1541-9061).

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2003 Impact Factor 1.289
2002 Impact Factor 2.368
2001 Impact Factor 1.8
2000 Impact Factor 2.485
1999 Impact Factor 1.976
1998 Impact Factor 2.78
1997 Impact Factor 1.462

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Other titles Cell communication & adhesion (Online), Cell communication & adhesion, Cell communication and adhesion
ISSN 1061-5385
OCLC 50409812
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chemotaxis, the directed migration of leukocytes towards a chemoattractant gradient, is a key phenomenon in the immune response. During lymphocyte-endothelial and – extracellular matrix interactions, chemokines induce the polarization of T lymphocytes. with generation of specialized cell compartments. The chemokine receptors involved in detection of the chemoattractant gradients concentrate at the leading edge (advancing front or anterior pole) of the cell. The adhesion molecules ICAM- 1, -3, CD44 and CD43 redistribute to the uropod, an appendage at the posterior pole of migrating T lymphocyte that protrudes from the contact area with endothelial or extracellular matrix substrates. Whereas chemokine receptors sense the direction of migration, the uropod is involved in the recruitment of bystander leukocytes through LFA-1/ICAM-dependent cell cell interactions. While β-actin concentrates preferentially at the cell's leading edge, the motor protein myosin II and a microtubule organizing center (MTOC) are packed in the uropod. The actin-binding protein moesin, which belongs to the ERM family of ezrin, radixin and moesin, redistributes to the distal portion of uropods and physically interacts with ICAM-3, CD44 and CD43, thus acting as a physical link between the membrane molecules and the actin cytoskeleton. Moreover, the moesin-ICAM-3 association correlates with the degree of cell polarity. The redistribution of the chemokine receptors and adhesion molecules to opposite poles of the cell in response to a chemoattractant gradient may guide cell migration and cell-cell interactions during lymphoid cell trafficking in immune and inflammatory responses.
    Cell adhesion and communication 07/2009; 6(2-3):125-133. DOI:10.3109/15419069809004468
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    ABSTRACT: We have identified a novel gene, EMSl, that is consistently amplified and overexpressed in human carcinomas with an amplification of the chromosome 11q13 region. Comparisons of the EMSl sequences with those present in the GenBank databases revealed a high identity with chicken cortactin. Southern and western blot analyses confirm the high sequence conservation during evolution. An antiserum specific for human cortactin, showed in gene transfer experiments that both human p80 and p85 isoforms are encoded by the EMSl cDNA. Further comparisons demonstrated an high sequence and structural homology with HSl that is implicated in signal transduction in lymphoid cells only. Expression of EMSl/cortactin mRNA was restricted to tumor cell lines derived from non-lymphoid origin. Cortactin contains (i) a filamentous actin binding tandem repeat domain, (ii) a proline-rich SH3-binding and (iii) a SH3 domain that is common in proteins involved in signal transduction. Our data suggest that human EMSl/cortactin has a function in signal transmission between cell-matrix contact sites and the cytoskeleton and, as such, its overexpression due to 11q13 amplification might effect adhesive properties of human carcinomas.
    Cell adhesion and communication 07/2009; 6(2-3):185-209. DOI:10.3109/15419069809004475
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    ABSTRACT: The goals of the current study were to determine whether the conductance of Cx40 and Cx40-Cx43 mixed composition junctions was regulated by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-activated signaling cascades, to ascertain the minimum number of Cx43 subunits/connexon required to confer PDGF sensitivity, and to identify specific residues in Cx43 required for this regulation. Junctional and channel conductances (g(j) and gamma(j) , respectively) were determined for Cx40/Cx40, Cx43/Cx43, Cx40/Cx43, and Cx40-Cx43/Cx40-Cx43 mixed composition channels. PDGF had no effect on g(j) in Cx40/Cx40 pairs, but decreased g(j) in the remaining combinations by 53% (Cx43/Cx43), 48% (Cx40/Cx43), 41% (4:1 Cx40:Cx43 expression ratio) and 24% (10:1 Cx40:Cx43 expression ratio). Based on the predicted connexin composition of channels in cells expressing Cx40 and Cx43 at either 4:1 or 10:1 ratios, these decreases in g(j) suggest that a single subunit of Cx43 is sufficient to confer PDGF sensitivity. The effect of PDGF on g(j) involved a decrease in both gamma(j) and Po and required serine 368 in the C-terminus. These data implicate protein kinase C as the mediator of the PDGF effect and strongly suggest that acute regulation of gap junction function by PDGF-activated signaling cascades is conferred by low levels of expression of a sensitive connexin in cells that otherwise express insensitive connexins.
    9th International Gap Junction Conference; 07/2003
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    ABSTRACT: Astroctyes express a set of three connexins (Cx26, Cx30, and Cx43) that are contained in astrocyte-to-astrocyte (A/A) gap junctions; oligodendrocytes express a different set of three connexins (Cx29, Cx32, and Cx47) that are contained in the oligodendrocyte side of necessarily heterotypic astrocyte-to-oligodendrocyte (A/O) gap junctions, and there is little ultrastructural evidence for gap junction formation between individual oligodendrocytes. In addition, primarily Cx29 and Cx32 are contained deeper in myelin sheaths, where they form autologous gap junctions at sites of uncompacted myelin. The presence of six connexins in macroglial cell populations has revealed unprecedented complexity of potential connexin coupling partners, and with restricted deployment of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) within the "pan-glial" syncytium. New implications for the organization and regulation of spatial buffering mediated by glial GJIC are derived from recent observations of the existence of separate astrocyte anatomical domains, with only narrow regions of overlap between astrocyte processes at domain borders. Thus, widespread spatial buffering in the CNS may occur not successively through a multitude of processes arising from different astrocytes, but rather in a more orderly fashion from one astrocyte domain to another via intercellular coupling that occurs only at restricted regions of overlap between astrocyte domains, augmented by autocellular coupling that occurs within each domain.
    9th International Gap Junction Conference; 07/2003
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    ABSTRACT: To address the role of gap junction hemichannels in apoptosis, the cell death induced by staurosporine (ST) was evaluated in wild type HeLa cells (HeLa-WT) and transfectants expressing either full-length connexin43 (HeLa-Cx43) or a C-terminal truncation of Cx43 (HeLa-DeltaCT). Cell death was measured with fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), both DNA and nuclear fragmentation methods and assays for PARP and caspase 3. The ST-mediated cell death was accelerated in HeLa-Cx43 cells compared to HeLa-WT and HeLa-DeltaCT. To determine why HeLa-Cx43 cells were more susceptible to ST, the phosphorylation state and the localization of Cx43 protein within cells were examined using specific Cx43 antibodies. The phosphorylated forms of Cx43 were sharply reduced in HeLa-Cx43 cells treated with ST. Moreover, in ST-treated HeLa-Cx43 cells, Cx43 was mainly observed at the cell surface. In contrast, the truncated form of Cx43 found in HeLa-DeltaCT cells, which lacks many of the normal phosphorylation sites, was observed in the cytosol with ST treatment. To examine the hemichannels in the plasma membranes of ST-treated HeLa-Cx43 cells, several dye uptake methods using carboxyfluorescein and propidium iodide were employed. While the number of fluorescent cells did not change in HeLa-WT and HeLa-DeltaCT cells with ST treatment, the number of fluorescent HeLa-Cx43 cells increased more than ten-fold. These results indicate that the increases in cell surface Cx43 seen with immunofluorescence and the elevated hemichannel activities detected with dye uptake could help explain the accelerated cell death observed in ST-treated HeLa-Cx43 cells.
    9th International Gap Junction Conference; 07/2003
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    ABSTRACT: Mice lacking both connexin37 (Cx37) and connexin40 (Cx40), gap junction proteins expressed in vascular endothelium, die perinatally with pronounced vascular abnormalities. Early vasculogenesis proceeds normally, but by E18.5 Cx37 -/- Cx40 -/- animals display vessel dilatation and congestion as well as localized hemorrhages in skin, testis, intestines, and lungs. Abnormal vascular channels are present in the testis, often forming cavernous hemangioma-like defects. Unusually large, distended vessels are also present in the submucosa and lamina propria of the intestine. Ablation of Cx40 has a greater effect on endothelial dye-transfer than ablation of Cx37, and the effect of Cx40 ablation is age-dependent. Only in embryonic aortas lacking both Cx37 and Cx40 is there a complete loss of endothelial coupling. Surprisingly, elimination of Cx40 results in a large drop in aortic endothelial Cx37 on western blots, and deletion of Cx37 also reduces endothelial Cx40 levels. In contrast, in the medial layer, both Cx37 and Cx43 increase when Cx40 is ablated. These studies indicate that Cx37 and Cx40 are collectively critical for endothelial communication and provide evidence of an important role for gap junctions in vascular development. In addition, Cx37 and Cx40 appear to be mutually dependent on each other for normal expression in vascular endothelium.
    9th International Gap Junction Conference; 07/2003
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    ABSTRACT: Connexin-43(Cx43)-based gap junctional communication is transiently inhibited by certain G protein-coupled receptor agonists, including lysophosphatidic acid, endothelin and thrombin. Our previous studies have implicated the c-Src protein tyrosine kinase in mediating closure of Cx43 based gap junctions. Pervanadate, an inhibitor of protein tyrosine phosphatases, mimics activated Src in inhibiting Cx43 gap junctional communication, apparently by promoting tyrosine phosphorylation of the Cx43 C-terminal tail. However, the identity of the protein tyrosine phosphatase(s) that may normally prevent Src-induced gap junction closure is unknown. Receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatases that mediate homotypic cell-cell interaction are attractive candidates. Here we show that receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase mu (RPTPmu) interacts with Cx43 in diverse cell systems. We find that the first catalytic domain of RPTPmu binds to Cx43. Our results support a model in which RPTPmu, or a closely related protein tyrosine phosphatase, interacts with the regulatory C-terminal tail of Cx43 to prevent Src-mediated closure of Cx43 gap junctional channels.
    9th International Gap Junction Conference; 07/2003
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    ABSTRACT: Little is known about the mechanism and regulation of connexin turnover from the plasma membrane. We have used a combination of cell surface biotinylation, immunofluorescence microscopy, and scrape-load dye transfer assays to investigate the effect of the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide on connexin43 and connexin32 after their transport to the plasmalemma. The results obtained demonstrate that cycloheximide inhibits the turnover of connexins from the surface of both gap junction assembly-deficient and -efficient cells. Moreover, cell surface connexin saved from destruction by cycloheximide can assemble into long-lived, functional gap junctional plaques. These findings support the concept that downregulation of connexin degradation from the plasma membrane can serve as a mechanism to enhance gap junction-mediated intercellular communication.
    9th International Gap Junction Conference; 07/2003
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    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that the opening of non-junctional connexin 43 (Cx43) hemichannels may play a role in cell physiology, but some workers doubt the reality of hemichannel openings. Here we show data on unitary conductance and voltage gating properties demonstrating that Cx43 hemichannels can open. Membrane depolarization > +60 mV induced single hemichannel currents in HeLa cells expressing Cx43 or Cx43 with enhanced green fluorescent protein attached to the carboxy terminal (Cx43-EGFP). The conductance of single hemichannels was similar to220 pS, about twice that of the cell-cell channels. Cx43 and Cx43-EGFP hemichannels exhibited slow transitions (>5 ms) between closed and fully open states. Cx43 hemichannels also exhibited fast transitions (<1 ms) between the fully open state and a substate of similar to75 pS. Similar gating was described for their respective cell-cell channels. No comparable single channel activity was detected in the parental (nontransfected cells) or HeLa cells expressing Cx43 fused at the amino terminal with EGFP (EGFP-Cx43). The latter chimera was inserted into the surface and formed plaques, but did not express functional hemichannels or cell-cell channels. These data convincingly demonstrate the opening of Cx43 hemichannels.
    9th International Gap Junction Conference; 07/2003
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    ABSTRACT: Implantation of stents into stenosed arteries helps to restore normal blood flow in ischemic organs. However, limited biocompatibility of the applied medical steel can cause acute thrombosis and long-term restenosis. Adhesion of monocytes to stent metal may participate in those acute and long-term complications of stent placement. Based on described prominent electrochemical properties of the interaction between the monocyte integrin receptor Mac-1 and its various ligands, we hypothesized, that this receptor is a central mediator of monocyte adhesion to stent metal and that semiconductor coating of medical steel reduces monocyte adhesion. Adhesion of monocytes on L-316 stainless steel was directly evaluated by light microscopy. Mac-1 could be identified as mediator of monocyte adhesion, since cell adhesion could be blocked by anti-Mac-1-antibodies, including the cross-reacting anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody fragment abciximab. To further prove the central role of Mac-1, two CHO cell lines were generated expressing recombinant Mac-1 either as wild type, resulting in a low affinity receptor, or mutant with a GFFKR deletion of the alpha M subunit, resulting in a high affinity receptor. Indeed, adhesion was specific for Mac-1 and dependent on the affinity state of this integrin. Finally, we could demonstrate that Mac-1-mediated adhesion of monocytes to stents can be significantly inhibited by silicon carbide coating of the stent metal. In conclusion, the integrin Mac-1 and its affinity state could be identified as major mediators of monocyte adhesion on medical steel. As therapeutic strategies, the blockade of Mac-1 by antibodies or silicon carbide coating of steel inhibits monocyte adhesion on stents.
    11th Annual Symposium on Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics; 01/2003
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    ABSTRACT: In an attempt to compare the regulation of chick connexin43 channels to those of mammalian connexin43, we found that the nucleotide sequence reported for chick connexin43 differs from that of the chick connexin gene by two codons that had been entered as histidine49 (H49) and valine50 (V50) (accession no. M29003), but are in fact glutamine49 (Q49) and serine50 (S50). Neuro2A cells were transfected with corrected wild-type (Q49/ S50) chick connexin43 (accession no. AF233738), the double-replacement Q49H/S50V connexin43, or the single replacement of Q49H or S50V. All clones had gap junctions in membrane based on immunocytochemistry and immunoblots of the triton-resistant membrane fraction. Wild-type transfectants had three conductance states with a predominant channel conductance of 85 +/- 5 pS. Cells producing the Q49H-Cx43 or the double-replacement Q49H/ S50V-Cx43 protein had no detectable connexin43 channels. In contrast, cells expressing S50V-Cx43 gap junctions had channels with reduced conductances (75 +/- 8 pS) compared to wild-type controls. Low or high pH of the bathing solution had no effect on the Q49H-Cx43 channels. We conclude that glutamine49 is important for channel function, and replacement of this residue with histidine most likely distorts secondary structure of the first extracellular loop, possibly by changing the orientation of conserved cysteines, and this inhibits channel function. The S50V substitution may also cause similar but less severe structural changes.
    Cell adhesion and communication 03/2002; 9(2):75-86. DOI:10.1080/15419060290116348
  • P Meda ·

    Cell adhesion and communication 01/2001; 8(4-6):153-153.
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    ABSTRACT: Because of the known property of spontaneous regression in stage IVS of neuroblastoma all attempts are made to elucidate whether differentiation inducers possibly could be applied for neuroblastoma therapy. Here we examined the influence of retinoic acid (RA) in vitro on differentiation, proliferation and adhesion of 10 permanent and 4 primary cell lines as well as of several SCID-mouse tumour transplants. In general, after RA treatment morphologically different cell types which are characteristic for neuroblastoma cells have changed. N (neuronal)-type cells prolonged their neuronal processes, whereas S (epithelial, substrate-adherent, Schwann cell-like)-type cells lost their adherence to substratum and became apoptotic. Additionally, the reactions of all neuroblastoma cell lines with monoclonal antibodies against beta-tubulin (for neuronal cells) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (for epithelial cells) were determined. The anti-proliferative effect of all-trans-RA as well as 13-cis-RA was more profound in S-type cells (up to 40% in primary cell lines). To elucidate the role of adhesion molecules during neuronal cell differentiation, we have analysed the adhesion of neuroblastoma cells on poly-D-lysin-precoated plates under RA influence. While N-type cells displayed an increased adhesion, all S-type cell lines as well as all primary cell lines exhibited a reduced adhesion (IMR-5 and IMR-32: p < 0.001; JW, SR and PM: p < 0.05). RA treatment increased predominantly the tested antigens (HCAM, ICAM-1, NCAM, PECAM-1, VCAM-1, cadherin, FGF-R, IGF-R, NGF-R, TGF-beta/1, NF200, NF160, NF68, NSE, HLA-ABC) in all cell lines independently of their phenotypes (TGF-beta/1: p < 0.001; NF68: p < 0.01; PECAM-1 and NGF-R: p < 0.05). In recultured SCID-mouse-passaged tumour cells antigens were down-regulated (FGF-R: p < 0.01), but increased again after RA influence (TGF-beta/1: p < 0.05). In summary, the RA differentiation model demonstrates the possibility to interfere in cell adhesion and to diminish growth potential both in N-type as well as S-type neuroblastoma cells.
    Cell adhesion and communication 06/2000; 7(5):423-40. DOI:10.3109/15419060009109023
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    ABSTRACT: Expression of the Polyoma Middle T (PyMT) antigen in endothelial cells results in single-step transformation to hemangioma producing malignant cells. To study the mechanism of PyMT transformation, we used the PyMT induced mouse brain endothelial cell line, bEND.3, expressing constitutively active and dominant negative mutants of the small GTPase Rac. The bEND.3 cell phenotype of tumorigenesis, loss of normal growth control and formation of cysts rather than capillary tubes in fibrin gels was reversed by expression of dominant negative Rac. The mechanism of N17 Rac action in blocking the endothelial cell transformant, PyMT, did not involve effects of Rac on the actin cytoskeleton since this component of the bEND.3 cell phenotype was not affected. Furthermore, the PyMT induced activation of the plasminogen activator (PA)/plasmin system was not affected by Rac inhibition. Inhibition of the downstream effectors of Rac, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) and p70S6k, which are known to be constitutively activated by PyMT transformation, inhibited bEND.3 cell proliferation and cyst formation in fibrin gels even in cells expressing V12 constitutively active Rac, but they did not restore capillary tube formation. These results demonstrate that middle T antigen induced endothelial cell transformation requires signal transduction by Rac. The downstream Rac effectors, P13-K and p70S6k, mediate PyMT/Rac effects on cell proliferation and cyst formation, but other unknown effectors of PyMT are required for the cytoskeletal changes and activation of the PA/plasmin system.
    Cell adhesion and communication 06/2000; 7(5):409-22. DOI:10.3109/15419060009109022
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    ABSTRACT: E-cadherin participates in homophilic cell-to-cell adhesion and is localized to intercellular junctions of the adherens type. In the present study, we investigated the localization of adherens junction components in cells expressing mutant E-cadherin derivatives which had been previously cloned from diffuse-type gastric carcinoma. The mutations are in frame deletions of exons 8 or 9 and a point mutation in exon 8 and affect the extracellular domain of E-cadherin. Our findings indicate that E-cadherin mutated in exon 8 causes beta-catenin staining at lateral cell-to-cell contact sites and, in addition, abnormally located beta-catenin in the perinuclear region. Moreover, the various mutant E-cadherin derivatives increased the steady-state levels of alpha- and beta-catenin and were found in association with these catenins even after induction of tyrosine phosphorylation by pervanadate. Sustained pervanadate treatment led, however, to rounding-up of cells and induction of filopodia, changes which were first detectable in cells expressing E-cadherin mutated in exon 8. The deterioration of the cell contact was not accompanied with disassembly of the E-cadherin-catenin complex. Based on these observations, we propose a model whereby in the presence of mutant E-cadherin tyrosine phoshorylation of components of the cell adhesion complex triggers loss of cell-to-cell contact and actin cytoskeletal changes which are not caused by the disruption of the E-cadherin-catenin complex per se, but instead might be due to phosphorylation of other signaling molecules or activation of proteins involved in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton.
    Cell adhesion and communication 06/2000; 7(5):391-408.
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    ABSTRACT: Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) consists of intercellular exchange of low molecular weight molecules. Chemically induced alterations of this communication have been suggested to result in abnormal cell growth and tumour promotion. Several in vitro assays have been developed to determine the effect of chemicals on gap junction communication in cultured cells. The scrape loading dye transfer technique is based on studying the transfer of the fluorescent dye Lucifer Yellow in cells where the dye is loaded through a cut in the cell monolayer. This technique is rapid and relatively uncomplicated, but has only been used to qualitatively demonstrate communication, due to lack of an appropriate method for quantification of the dye spreading. We show here that analysis of digital fluorescence images of cells scrape loaded with Lucifer Yellow can be used for quantitative determination of GJIC. We have analysed the images both by means of distance of diffusion of the dye in the cell monolayer, as well as by area of dye-coupled cells. The results are consistent with that obtained using microinjection of Lucifer Yellow and the method offers a simple way for quantitative determination of GJIC.
    Cell adhesion and communication 06/2000; 7(5):367-75. DOI:10.3109/15419060009109019
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of MacMARCKS, a major substrate of protein kinase C, in cell adhesion, we selected a macrophage cell line, Wehi 274.1.7. Although surface expression of beta2-integrins can be detected on these cells, they lack the phorbol ester- or chemokine-induced adhesion to ICAM-1-coated surface, an event mediated by beta2-integrins. Concomitantly, these cells lack expression of both MacMARCKS and its homologue, MARCKS. When wild type MacMARCKS was expressed in these cells, the phorbol ester-induced adhesion to ICAM-1-coated surface increased approximately 5-fold compared to vector transfected control cells. To further investigate the potential physiological role of MacMARCKS in this adhesion event, we also tested the effect of monocyte chemotactic protein-1, and a 3-fold increase in the adhesion to ICAM-1-coated surface was observed with MacMARCKS-transfected cells. Therefore, these data suggest that MacMARCKS is an essential component in regulating cell adhesion.
    Cell adhesion and communication 06/2000; 7(5):359-66. DOI:10.3109/15419060009109018
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    ABSTRACT: The integrin alpha4beta1(VLA4) has been expressed as a soluble, active, heterodimeric immunoglobulin fusion protein. cDNAs encoding the extracellular domains of the human alpha4 and beta1 subunits were fused to the genomic DNA encoding the human gamma1 immunoglobulin Fc domain and functional integrin fusion protein was expressed as a secreted, soluble molecule from a range of mammalian cell lines. Specific mutations were introduced into the Fc region of the molecules to promote alpha4beta1 heterodimer formation. The soluble alpha4beta1-Fc fusion protein exhibited divalent cation dependent binding to VCAM-1, which was blocked by the appropriate function blocking antibodies. The apparent Kd for VCAM-1 binding were similar for both the soluble and native forms of alpha4beta1. In addition, the integrin-Fc fusion was shown to stain cells expressing VCAM-1 on their surface by FACs analysis. This approach for expressing soluble alpha4beta1 should be generally applicable to a range of integrins.
    Cell adhesion and communication 06/2000; 7(5):377-90.
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    ABSTRACT: The Rac1 small GTP-binding protein is known to be involved in reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and in regulation of intracellular signal transduction. The assembly and maintenance of cadherin-based cell cell junctions in epidermal keratinocytes is thought to be dependent on activity of Rac1. In this study we have generated green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged wild type, dominant negative and constitutively active Rac1 expression vectors and analyzed distribution of Rac1 following microinjection of human SCC12F epidermal keratinocytes. Wild type, dominant negative and constitutively active GFP Rac1 proteins distribute to sites of cell cell adhesion and co-localize with E-cadherin and the catenins. Disruption of cadherin-based junctions by reduction in extracellular calcium concentrations, or by use of antibodies to E-cadherin, results in redistribution of Rac1 away from sites of cell cell interaction but the co-localization with E-cadherin is maintained. In addition, expression of constitutively active GFP Rac1 results in formation of membrane ruffles on the apical surface of cells and intracellular vesicles. Interestingly, co-localization of Rac1 with E-cadherin is maintained in these structures. In contrast to previously published work we find that expression of dominant negative Rac1 neither disrupts cell cell adhesion nor prevents assembly of new cadherin-based adhesion structures.
    Cell adhesion and communication 02/2000; 7(6):465-76.
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    ABSTRACT: Collagen is a powerful platelet activating agent that promotes adhesion and aggregation of platelets. To differentiate the signals generated in these processes we have analyzed the tyrosine phosphorylation occurring in platelets after activation with collagen in suspension or under flow conditions. For the suspension studies, washed platelets were activated with different concentrations of purified type I collagen (ColI). Studies under flow conditions were performed using two different adhesive substrata: ColI and endothelial cells extracellular matrix (ECM). Coverslips coated with ColI or ECM were perfused through a parallel-plate perfusion chamber at 800 s(-1) for 5 min. After activation of platelets either in suspension or by adhesion, samples were solubilized and proteins were resolved by electrophoresis. Tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins were detected in immunoblots by specific antibodies. Activation of platelet suspensions with collagen induced tyrosine phosphorylation before aggregation could be detected. Profiles showing tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins from platelets adhered on ColI or on ECM were almost identical and lacked proteins p95, p80, p66, and p64, which were present in profiles from platelets activated in suspension. The intensity of phosphorylation was quantitatively weaker in those profiles from platelets adhered on ECM. Results from the present work indicate that activation of platelets in suspension or by adhesion induces differential tyrosine phosphorylation patterns. Phosphorylation of proteins p90 and p76 may be related to early activation events occurring during initial contact and spreading of platelets. Considering that adhesion is the first step of platelet activation, studies on signal transduction mechanisms under flow conditions may provide new insights to understand the signaling processes taking place at earliest stages of platelet activation.
    Cell adhesion and communication 02/2000; 7(4):349-58. DOI:10.3109/15419060009015005