Reproduction Fertility and Development Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Australia); Fertility Society of Australia; Australian Academy of Science; Australian Society for Reproductive Biology; Society for Reproductive Biology, CSIRO Publishing

Journal description

Reproduction, Fertility and Development is an international journal for the publication of original and significant contributions related to reproduction and developmental biology in humans, domestic animals and wildlife. Contributions may take the form of research articles, reviews, short communications or viewpoint articles that deal with the scientific aspects of reproductive and developmental physiology, biochemistry, endocrinology, immunology, cell biology, genetics and behaviour, and the applications of reproductive technologies in humans, livestock, wildlife and pest management.

Current impact factor: 2.58

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 2.577
2012 Impact Factor 2.583
2011 Impact Factor 2.109
2010 Impact Factor 2.553
2009 Impact Factor 2.379
2008 Impact Factor 2.439
2007 Impact Factor 2.805
2006 Impact Factor 2.541
2005 Impact Factor 1.515
2004 Impact Factor 0.92
2003 Impact Factor 1.086
2002 Impact Factor 0.959
2001 Impact Factor 0.667
2000 Impact Factor 1.098
1999 Impact Factor 1.082
1998 Impact Factor 1.089
1997 Impact Factor 1.055
1996 Impact Factor 1.184
1995 Impact Factor 1.059
1994 Impact Factor 0.806
1993 Impact Factor 1.038
1992 Impact Factor 1.493

Impact factor over time

Impact factor
Year

Additional details

5-year impact 2.56
Cited half-life 6.80
Immediacy index 0.49
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 0.66
Website Reproduction, Fertility and Development website
Other titles Reproduction fertility and development
ISSN 1031-3613
OCLC 19505713
Material type Conference publication, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

CSIRO Publishing

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal repository or institutional repository
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fertility is a highly complex biological function that depends on several properties of spermatozoa that are necessary for them to overcome various barriers in the female reproductive tract to reach the fertilisation site. This ability has been evaluated in vitro using cervical mucus migration tests. Head morphology has been widely studied, and various studies have reported correlations between head morphology and motility, fertility and DNA fragmentation. In the present study, we first evaluated the relationship between the ability of ram spermatozoa to overcome the mucus surrogate barrier in an in vitro migration test and sperm head morphology. Sperm motility (determined by computer-aided sperm analysis) and the acrosomal status, viability and mitochondrial status (determined by flow cytometry) of control and migrating spermatozoa were assessed. Principal component analysis and clustering analysis of the values for the morphometric parameters assessed defined three cell subpopulations. One of these subpopulations, namely spermatozoa with a short and wide head, was absent from samples collected after conclusion of the migration test. Second, we evaluated relationships among head morphology characteristics, the ability to penetrate the artificial mucus and fertility. We did not find any correlation between fertility and the number of spermatozoa that migrated, whereas there was a negative correlation between the proportion of spermatozoa with a short and wide head in the fresh sperm sample and fertility. In conclusion, the head morphology of spermatozoa was associated with their ability to overcome a mucus barrier in a migration test, and the relative size of the non-migrating subpopulation was negatively related to male fertility.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD15022
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    ABSTRACT: The physiological changes associated with the varying hormonal environment throughout the oestrous cycle are linked to the different functions the uterus needs to fulfil. The aim of the present study was to generate global gene expression profiles for the equine uterus during oestrus and Day 5 of dioestrus. To achieve this, samples were collected from five horses during oestrus (follicle >35 mm in diameter) and dioestrus (5 days after ovulation) and analysed using high-throughput RNA sequencing techniques (RNA-Seq). Differentially expressed genes between the two cycle stages were further investigated using Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses. The expression of 1577 genes was found to be significantly upregulated during oestrus, whereas 1864 genes were expressed at significantly higher levels in dioestrus. Most genes upregulated during oestrus were associated with the extracellular matrix, signal interaction and transduction, cell communication or immune function, whereas genes expressed at higher levels in early dioestrus were most commonly associated with metabolic or transport functions, correlating well with the physiological functions of the uterus. These results allow for a more complete understanding of the hormonal influence on gene expression in the equine uterus by functional analysis of up- and downregulated genes in oestrus and dioestrus, respectively. In addition, a valuable baseline is provided for further research, including analyses of changes associated with uterine inflammation.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14513
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    ABSTRACT: Cumulus cells (CCs) are distinct from other granulosa cells and the mutual communication between CCs and oocytes is essential for the establishment of oocyte competence. In the present study we assessed genomic expression profiles in mouse CCs before and after oocyte maturation in vitro. Microarray analysis revealed significant changes in gene expression in CCs between the germinal vesicle (GV) and metaphase II (MII) stages, with 2615 upregulated and 2808 downregulated genes. Genes related to epidermal growth factor, extracellular matrix (Ptgs2, Ereg, Tnfaip6 and Efemp1), mitochondrial metabolism (Fdx1 and Aifm2), gap junctions and the cell cycle (Gja1, Gja4, Ccnd2, Ccna2 and Ccnb2) were highlighted as being differentially expressed between the two development stages. Real-time polymerase chain reaction confirmed the validity and reproducibility of the results for the selected differentially expressed genes. Similar expression patterns were identified by western blot analysis for some functional proteins, including EFEMP1, FDX1, GJA1 and CCND2, followed by immunofluorescence localisation. These genes may be potential biomarkers for oocyte developmental competence following fertilisation and will be investigated further in future studies.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD15077
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    ABSTRACT: This study analysed the temporal association between ovarian cyst development induced by neonatal androgenisation and sympathetic innervation. Neonatal rats (postnatal Days 1 to 5) were treated with testosterone or dihydrotestosterone and the effects were evaluated at postnatal Days 20, 40, 90 or 180. Ovulation rate, number of cystic follicles and density of sympathetic fibres were analysed. The effects of surgical denervation or gonadotrophin stimulation were also assessed. Rats exposed to testosterone showed no oestrous cycle activity and did not ovulate, maintaining a polycystic ovarian morphology at all ages studied. Also, a significant increase in ovarian density of noradrenergic fibres was detected at postnatal Days 90 and 180. Sympathectomy was unable to re-establish ovarian activity; however, human chorionic gonadotrophin stimulation was enough to induce ovulation. The impact of dihydrotestosterone on ovarian function was less noticeable, showing the coexistence of corpora lutea and cystic structures without changes in sympathetic innervation. Our findings suggest that a remodelling of ovarian sympathetic innervation occurs as a response to modifications in the pattern of follicular growth induced by testosterone. A role of sympathetic innervation in the maintenance of the polycystic condition is suggested.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14460
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    ABSTRACT: Proper oocyte maturation is crucial for subsequent embryo development; however, oocyte mitochondrial and lipid-droplet behaviour are still poorly understood. Although excessive lipid accumulation during in vitro production (IVP) of bovine embryos has been linked with impaired cryotolerance, lipid oxidation is essential for adequate energy supply. Fetal bovine serum (FBS) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) are supplements used during IVP, containing high and low lipid content, respectively. This study aimed to understand how these supplements influence oocyte mitochondrial and lipid behaviour during in vitro maturation (IVM) in comparison to in vivo maturation, as well as their influence on development rates and embryo lipid accumulation during IVP. We demonstrate that only in vivo-matured oocytes maintained correlation between lipid content and active mitochondria. IVM media containing FBS increased total lipid content 18-fold and resulted in higher lipid accumulation in oocytes when compared with media with BSA. IVM using a lower FBS concentration combined with BSA resulted in satisfactory maturation and embryo development and also reduced lipid accumulation in blastocysts. In conclusion, IVM causes changes in mitochondrial and lipid dynamics, which may have negative effects on oocyte development rates and embryo lipid accumulation. Moreover, decreasing FBS concentrations during IVM may reduce embryo lipid accumulation without affecting production rates.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD15067
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    ABSTRACT: G9A-like protein (GLP) plays an important role in mouse early embryonic development. Glp-deficient embryos exhibit severe growth retardation and defects that lead to lethality at approximately Embryonic Day 9.5. In the present study we investigated the effect of microinjection of Glp-specific short interference (si) RNA into mouse zygotes on in vitro embryonic development. Knockdown of Glp induced abnormal embryonic development and reduced blastocyst formation. Expression of the pluripotency markers octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4), SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 2 (Sox2) and Nanog was also significantly decreased in Glp-deficient embryos. The apoptotic index and expression of two pro-apoptotic genes, namely Caspase 3 and Caspase 9, were increased in Glp-deficient embryos. Moreover, methylation levels of dimethylated H3K9 (H3K9me2) were decreased in Glp-knockdown embryos. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggest that Glp deficiency suppresses H3K9me2 modification and hinders mouse embryo development in vitro.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14341
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    ABSTRACT: The cost of developing replacement nanny goats could be reduced by decreasing the age at puberty because this way nanny goats could be brought into production at an earlier age. The aim of the present study was to screen genes related to puberty to investigate the molecular mechanisms of puberty. Subtracted cDNA libraries were constructed for hypothalami from juvenile (Group A), pubertal (Group B) and age-matched control pubertal (Group E) Jining grey (JG) and Liaoning cashmere (LC) goats using suppression subtractive hybridisation (SSH). Differentially expressed genes were analysed by bioinformatics methods. There were 203 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) in the subtracted cDNA libraries that were differentially expressed between JG and LC goats at the juvenile stage, 226 that were differentially expressed at puberty and 183 that were differentially expressed in the age-matched control group. The differentially expressed ESTs in each subtracted cDNA library were classified as known gene, known EST and unknown EST according to sequence homology in the GenBank non-redundant (NR) and EST database. According to gene function analysis in the COG (Cluster of Orthologous Groups) database, the known genes were grouped into 10 subdivisions in Group A, into seven subdivisions in Group E and into nine subdivisions in Group B under three categories: cellular processes and signalling, information storage and processing, and metabolism. Pathway analysis in the KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway database of known genes revealed that the three pathways that most differentially expressed genes were involved in were metabolic pathways, Parkinson's disease and oxidative phosphorylation. Protein interaction analysis of the high homology genes revealed the most dominant network to be structure of ribosome/protein translation, oxidative phosphorylation and carbohydrate metabolism. The results reveal that the onset of puberty is a complex event involving multiple genes in multiple biological processes. The differentially expressed genes include genes related to both neuroendocrine and energy metabolism.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14434
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    ABSTRACT: The use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) to overcome fertility problems has continued to increase since the birth of the first baby conceived by ART over 30 years ago. Similarly, embryo transfer is widely used as a mechanism to advance genetic gain in livestock. Despite repeated optimisation of ART treatments, pre- and postnatal outcomes remain compromised. Epigenetic mechanisms play a fundamental role in successful gametogenesis and development. The best studied of these is DNA methylation; the appropriate establishment of DNA methylation patterns in gametes and early embryos is essential for healthy development. Superovulation studies in the mouse indicate that specific ARTs are associated with normal imprinting establishment in oocytes, but abnormal imprinting maintenance in embryos. A similar limited impact of ART on oocytes has been reported in cattle, whereas the majority of embryo-focused studies have used cloned embryos, which do exhibit aberrant DNA methylation. The present review discusses the impact of ART on oocyte and embryo DNA methylation with regard to data available from mouse and bovine models.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14333
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    ABSTRACT: There is compelling evidence that oocytes from mares >18 years of age have a high incidence of inherent defects that result in early embryonic loss. In women, an age-related decrease in oocyte quality is associated with an increased incidence of aneuploidy and it has recently been determined that the gene expression profile of human oocytes is altered with advancing age. We hypothesised that similar age-related aberrations in gene expression occur in equine oocytes. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to compare gene expression profiles of individual oocytes and cumulus cells from young and aged mares, specifically evaluating genes that have been identified as being differentially expressed with advancing maternal age and/or aneuploidy in human oocytes. Expression of 48 genes was compared between 14 cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from mares aged 3-12 years and 10 COCs from mares ≥18 years of age. Three genes (mitochondrial translational initiation factor 3 (IF3), heat shock transcription factor 5 (HSF5) and Y box binding protein 2 (YBX2)) were differentially expressed in oocytes, with all being more abundant in oocytes from young mares. Three genes (ADP-ribosylation factor-like 6 interacting protein 6 (ARL6IP6), BCL2-associated X protein (BAX) and hypoxia upregulated 1 (HYOU1)) were differentially expressed in cumulus cells, with all being more abundant in aged mares. The results of the present study confirm there are age-related differences in gene expression in equine COCs, which may be associated with the lower quality and decreased developmental competence of oocytes from aged mares.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14446
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of adoptive transfer of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1-induced regulatory T (Treg) cells in preventing spontaneous abortion in mice were investigated. CD4+CD25- cells were isolated from the spleens of pregnant CBA/J mice and induced into Treg cells positive for CD4, CD25 and forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) ex vivo using interleukin (IL)-2 and TGF-β1. CBA/J mice were mated with DBA/2J mice to establish a model of spontaneous abortion and, on the first day of pregnancy, mice were injected intravenously with 2 × 105 either freshly isolated Treg cells or those induced with TGF-β1. After 14 days, the surviving and reabsorbed fetuses in both groups were counted, and serum cytokine concentrations were measured by ELISA. Adoptive transfer of CD4+CD25+ or TGF-β1-induced Treg cells significantly reduced the fetal resorption rate, increased serum IL-10 and TGF-β1 concentrations and decreased interferon-γ levels. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicate that adoptive transfer of TGF-β1-induced Treg cells prevents spontaneous abortion in mice by increasing the secretion of T helper (Th) 2 cytokines and decreasing the secretion of Th1 cytokines.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14503
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    ABSTRACT: We established and maintained somatic cell nuclear transfer embryo-derived stem-like cells (SCNT-eSLCs) from the traditional Korean beef cattle species, HanWoo (Bos taurus coreanae). Each SCNT blastocyst was placed individually on a feeder layer with culture medium containing three inhibitors of differentiation (3i). Primary colonies formed after 2-3 days of culture and the intact colonies were passaged every 5-6 days. The cells in each colony showed embryonic stem cell-like morphologies with a distinct boundary and were positive to alkaline phosphatase staining. Immunofluorescence and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analyses also confirmed that these colonies expressed pluripotent markers. The colonies were maintained over 50 passages for more than 270 days. The cells showed normal karyotypes consisting of 60 chromosomes at Passage 50. Embryoid bodies were formed by suspension culture to analyse in vitro differentiation capability. Marker genes representing the differentiation into three germ layers were expressed. Typical embryonal carcinoma was generated after injecting cells under the testis capsule of nude mice, suggesting that the cultured cells may also have the potential of in vivo differentiation. In conclusion, we generated eSLCs from SCNT bovine embryos, using a 3i system that sustained stemness, normal karyotype and pluripotency, which was confirmed by in vitro and in vivo differentiation.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14071
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    ABSTRACT: High demand exists among commercial cattle producers for in vitro-derived bovine embryos fertilised with female sex-sorted spermatozoa from high-value breeding stock. The aim of this study was to evaluate three fertilisation media, namely M199, synthetic oviductal fluid (SOF) and Tyrode's albumin-lactate-pyruvate (TALP), on IVF performance using female sex-sorted spermatozoa. In all, 1143, 1220 and 1041 cumulus-oocyte complexes were fertilised in M199, SOF and TALP, respectively. There were significant differences among fertilisation media (P < 0.05) in cleavage rate (M199 = 57%, SOF = 71% and TALP = 72%), blastocyst formation (M199 = 9%, SOF = 20% and TALP = 19%), proportion of Grade 1 blastocysts (M199 = 15%, SOF = 52% and TALP = 51%), proportion of Grade 3 blastocysts (M199 = 58%, SOF = 21% and TALP = 20%) and hatching rates (M199 = 29%, SOF = 60% and TALP = 65%). The inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm (TE) cells of Day 7 blastocysts were also affected by the fertilisation medium. Embryos derived from SOF and TALP fertilisation media had higher numbers of ICM, TE and total cells than those fertilised in M199. In conclusion, fertilisation media affected cleavage rate, as well as subsequent embryo development, quality and hatching ability. SOF and TALP fertilisation media produced significantly more embryos of higher quality than M199.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD15019
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    ABSTRACT: Age at puberty is an important component of reproductive performance in cattle, so it is important to identify genes that contribute to the regulation of the onset of puberty and polymorphisms that explain differences between bulls. In a previous study, we found putative associations between age at puberty in Angus bulls and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Chromosomes 1 and X. In the present work we aimed to confirm these findings in a larger sample of Angus bulls (n = 276). Four SNPs located in these regions were genotyped using SEQUENOM technology and the genotypes obtained were tested for association with age at puberty. The results showed that SNPs rs135953349 and rs110604205 on BTA1 were still significantly associated with age of puberty estimated at progressive sperm motility of 10% (P < 0.05). The association previously found on Chromosome X could not be confirmed. Analysis of the bovine genome revealed that the associated region (99.17-99.99 Mb) contained four predicted loci: myelodysplasia syndrome 1 (MDS1) and ecotropic virus integration site 1 (EVI1) complex locus (MECOM), eGF-like and EMI domain-containing 1 pseudogene-like (LOC100337483), microRNA mir-551b (MIR551B) and mCG140927-like (LOC100139843). The results obtained could contribute to the understanding of puberty regulation and could be useful for further identification and annotation of gene function in the context of reproduction.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14511
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    ABSTRACT: Integrins are the dominant and final adhesion molecules in the attachment process between the blastocysts and endometrium. It is necessary for oestrogen to rapidly activate mouse blastocysts so that they attach to the endometrial epithelium. Our previous study suggested that oestrogen can rapidly induce an increase in intracellular calcium in mouse blastocysts via G-protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30). Thus, we deduced that integrins may be involved in GPR30 mediation of the fast effect of oestrogen on mouse blastocysts in implantation. To prove our hypothesis, we used immunofluorescence staining and in vitro coculture of mouse blastocysts and endometrial epithelial cell line (EECs), Ishikawa cells, in the present study. We found that αv and β1 integrin clustered in mouse blastocysts, and that β3 integrin was relocalised to the apical membrane of blastocyst cells when embryos were treated with 1 μM 17β-estradiol (E2), 1 μM E2 conjugated to bovine serum albumin (E2-BSA) and 1 μM G-1, a specific GPR30 agonist, for 30 min respectively, whereas pretreatment with 1 μM G15, a specific GPR30 antagonist, and 5 μM 1,2-Bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N'',N''-tetraacetic acid tetrakis (acetoxymethyl ester)(BAPTA/AM), a cellular Ca2+ chelator, blocked the localisation of integrins induced by oestrogen via GPR30 in mouse blastocyst cells. E2, E2-BSA and G-1 increased the fibronectin (FN)-binding activity of integrins in blastocysts, whereas G15 and BAPTA/AM blocked the activation of integrins induced by oestrogen via GPR30 in mouse blastocysts. Inhibition of integrins by Arg-Gly-Asp peptide in blastocysts resulted in their failure to adhere to EECs in vitro, even if oestrogen or G-1 was provided. Together, the results indicate the fast effect of oestrogen via the GPR30 membrane receptor further induces relocalisation and activation of integrins in mouse blastocysts, which play important roles in the adhesion of blastocysts to EECs.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14227
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    ABSTRACT: Age-related decline in fertility is a consequence of low oocyte number and/or low oocyte competence resulting in pregnancy failure. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signalling is a well-studied pathway involved in follicular development and ovulation. Recently, small non-coding RNAs, namely microRNAs (miRNAs), have been demonstrated to regulate several members of this pathway; miRNAs are secreted inside small cell-secreted vesicles called exosomes. The overall goal of the present study was to determine whether altered exosome miRNA content in follicular fluid from old mares is associated with changes in TGF-β signalling in granulosa cells during follicle development. Follicular fluid was collected at deviation (n = 6), mid-oestrus (n = 6) and preovulation (n = 6) for identification of exosomal miRNAs from young (3-12 years) and old (20-26 years) mares. Analysis of selected TGF-β signalling members revealed significantly increased levels of interleukin 6 (IL6) in granulosa cells from mid-oestrus compared with preovulatory follicles, and collagen alpha-2(I) chain (COL1A2) in granulosa cells from deviation compared with preovulatory follicles in young mares. In addition, granulosa cells from old mares had significantly altered levels of DNA-binding protein inhibitor ID-2 (ID2), signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) and cell division cycle 25A (CDC25A). Finally, changes in exosomal miRNA predicted to target selected TGF-β members were identified.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD14452
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    ABSTRACT: There is increasing interest in the role of oxygen conditions in the microenvironment of organs because of the discovery of a hypoxia-specific transcription factor, namely hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1. Ovarian function has several phases that change day by day, including ovulation, follicular growth and corpus luteum formation and regression. These phases are regulated by many factors, including pituitary hormones and local hormones, such as steroids, peptides and cytokines, as well as oxygen conditions. Hypoxia strongly induces angiogenesis because transcription of the potent angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is regulated by HIF1. Follicular development and luteal formation are accompanied by a marked increase in angiogenesis assisted by HIF1-VEGF signalling. Hypoxia is also one of the factors that induces luteolysis by suppressing progesterone synthesis and by promoting apoptosis of luteal cells. The present review focuses on recent studies of hypoxic conditions, as well as HIF1-regulated genes and proteins, in the regulation of ovarian function.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD15010
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    ABSTRACT: The oviduct and uterus undergo extensive cellular remodelling during the oestrous cycle, requiring finely tuned intercellular communication. Notch is an evolutionarily conserved cell signalling pathway implicated in cell fate decisions in several tissues. In the present study we evaluated the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time qPCR) and expression (immunohistochemistry) patterns of Notch components (Notch1-4, Delta-like 1 (Dll1), Delta-like 4 (Dll4), Jagged1-2) and effector (hairy/enhancer of split (Hes) 1-2, Hes5 and Notch-Regulated Ankyrin Repeat-Containing Protein (Nrarp)) genes in the mouse oviduct and uterus throughout the oestrous cycle. Notch genes are differentially transcribed and expressed in the mouse oviduct and uterus throughout the oestrous cycle. The correlated transcription levels of Notch components and effector genes, and the nuclear detection of Notch effector proteins, indicate that Notch signalling is active. The correlation between transcription levels of Notch genes and progesterone concentrations, and the association between expression of Notch proteins and progesterone receptor (PR) activation, indicate direct progesterone regulation of Notch signalling. The expression patterns of Notch proteins are spatially and temporally specific, resulting in unique expression combinations of Notch receptor, ligand and effector genes in the oviduct luminal epithelium, uterus luminal and glandular epithelia and uterine stroma throughout the oestrous cycle. Together, the results of the present study imply a regulatory role for Notch signalling in oviduct and uterine cellular remodelling occurring throughout the oestrous cycle.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD15029
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    ABSTRACT: The buffalo seminal plasma protein profile and its relationship with sperm quality have not been studied in detail. Thus, the aim of the present study was to profile buffalo seminal plasma proteins and to assess the relationship between differentially expressed proteins and sperm characteristics. Semen samples (n = 44) were collected from 11 Murrah buffalo bulls (four ejaculates from each animal) and seminal plasma protein profiling was performed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight analysis of one of the differentially expressed proteins, namely the 11-12 kDa protein, identified it as tuberoinfundibular peptide of 39 residues (TIP39). Western blot analysis confirmed the presence of TIP39, with TIP39 expression in seminal plasma varying among bulls. Based on TIP39 levels, bulls were classified into two groups, those with high and low protein. The percentages of spermatozoa positive for mitochondrial membrane potential test, chromatin distribution test, synthetic media sperm penetrability test and acrosomal integrity test were significantly (P < 0.05) high in the high protein group. The present study is the first to demonstrate the presence of TIP39 in buffalo seminal plasma and the positive effect of TIP39 on the functional parameters and fertilising ability of spermatozoa.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 05/2015; DOI:10.1071/RD15008