International Journal of Pavement Engineering

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

Pavement Engineering lies at the heart of modern society in both technologically advanced and developing countries. Delivery of goods and services to markets and consumers depends on the provision of reliable road surfaces, airport runways, dock-sides and storage yards. This international journal is dedicated to this important type of construction, its performance, maintenance and component materials. The Journal publishes the latest research findings from across the world together with case records of successful (and not-so-successful) usage and performance. (By this means, the journal aims to bring together and disseminate results of research and practice from one country to another). Occasionally, there will be state-of-the-art reviews on pavement engineering aiming to transfer advanced pavement understanding to the user community. All aspects of design, materials, performance, maintenance, testing and rehabilitation are included.

  • Impact factor
    0.75
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    5.10
  • Immediacy index
    0.04
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.00
  • Website
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering website
  • Other titles
    International journal of pavement engineering (Online)
  • ISSN
    1029-8436
  • OCLC
    50166341
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals or 18 months embargo for SSH journals
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The goal of this paper is to contribute to tire–pavement-interaction analyses from a structural mechanics point of view. The proposed asphalt material model is used to analyse the strain–stress dependencies of an asphalt pavement which is cyclically loaded by a truck tire. For the analysis of tire and pavement as well as its interaction, a finite element approach is utilised. The development of the material model is based on triaxial material tests of cylindrical specimens. The asphalt material is characterised by elastic, viscous (rate-dependent) and plastic behaviour. In order to enable the use of the model also for large deformations within the pavement, it is developed for finite strains. The proposed approach consists of five rheological constitutive branches in parallel. A nonlinear elastic material model is used, which represents the elastic behaviour. The plastic effects are considered by an endochronic frictional element. One Maxwell element and two fractional Maxwell elements represent the viscoelastic behaviour of the model. The consideration of fractional elements is commonly used for the characterisation of cyclicly loaded materials like asphalt. Furthermore, it enables the representation of viscoelastic properties with few material parameters. For the fractional element, a material parameter [Inline formula] determines the transition of the rheological element's features between spring ([Inline formula]) and dashpot ([Inline formula]). The proposed model is finally considered within a simulation of a pavement at transient cyclic tire loading. Hence, the increase of the pavement deformation after each load cycle is obtained. Taking this result into account, the long-term behaviour of asphalt pavement is extrapolated and the development of rutting is computed in dependency on the number of load cycles.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 02/2015; 16(2).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Determination of California bearing ratio (CBR) values indirectly from a relationship with the dynamic cone penetrometer (DCP) can offer a valuable alternative approach due to its simplicity and the ability to provide rapid results. The literature review reveals that DCP is mainly used as an in situ device and laboratory application of DCP, in a mould, was rarely reported, due to the confining effect. In this study, a lightweight cone penetrometer (DLP), with a hammer mass of 2.25 kg that can be used in a CBR mould in the laboratory as well as in the field was used to evaluate the CBR of fine-grained subgrade soils. Strong relationships were found between the CBR values and the dynamic lightweight cone penetration index (DLPI) for eight experimental soils, at four different moisture contents. The results show that CBR values drop and DLPI values increase very significantly when moisture contents increase from optimum to soaked conditions.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 02/2015; 16(2).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Film thickness describes the coating around aggregate particles on asphalt mixtures. The standard method of calculating film thickness has proven to present several limitations, such as assuming an average thickness independent of particle size, being completely independent to the porosity of the mixture and considering only one mineral type. In this paper, a binder distribution model is developed for aggregates according to size and role in the structure. The aggregates are separated into two different structures: primary structure, the load bearing one, and secondary structure, smaller material that provides stability to the skeleton. A coating thickness for these two structures is calculated from a geometrical consideration that includes the packing arrangement of particles and the effect of overlapping as the film grows. The results were compared with known rutting performance of field mixtures and moisture conditioned laboratory mixtures, showing a good correlation between film thickness and resistance to failure.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 02/2015; 16(2).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Accurate simulation of the cooling characteristics of newly paved asphalt concrete (AC) layers is of particular significance due to its potential use in efficient planning and scheduling of paving works. This study builds on principles of thermodynamics and heat transfer to develop a finite element framework that simulates the actual cooling of newly paved AC layers. For a given set of climatic conditions, such as wind, solar flux and air temperature, the presented model incorporates the effects of conduction, convection and radiation to predict the cooling rates of the pavement. The model is first validated using data acquired from laboratory and field set-ups. Then, the model is used to assess the effect of critical parameters such as layer thickness, time of paving, and material properties on asphalt cooling rates and their impact on paving operations.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 02/2015; 16(2).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article investigates the strength behaviour of oil-contaminated sand stabilised with cement kiln dust (CKD) in order to assess the engineering properties of the stabilised soil for its application in the construction of rural road. Tests including pH measurement, compaction, unconfined compressive strength (UCS) and California bearing ratio (CBR) were conducted. The investigations were carried out by varying the percentage of CKD, the percentage of oil content, the type of oil, the ageing of stabilised samples and the ambient temperature. Depending on the pH response, the CKD content from 5% to 15% represents a practical limit for cost-effective stabilisation. Results revealed that an increase in the UCS and CBR values of oil-contaminated sand occurred with the addition of CKD. The strength of stabilised contaminated sand decreases as the percentage of oil increases. The addition of 10% CKD to the sand contaminated with 6% oil content is found to give the optimum UCS and CBR values. Furthermore, a series of two-dimensional finite-element model was developed using PLAXIS software package.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2014; 15(10).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article presents the California bearing ratio (CBR) and moisture content behaviour of a gypsum-rich roadbed sand with a gypsum content of about 39% subjected to cyclic soaking and drying. Frequencies of 8-, 14- and 60-day cycle lengths were adopted together with six cycles of soaking and drying for each frequency. Each cycle consisted of two equal time periods of soaking and drying. For each frequency, 13 pairs of CBR samples were prepared and subjected to cyclic soaking and drying in the laboratory under a surcharge load of 45 lb (200 N). The time variation of moisture content during cyclic soaking and drying at the top, middle and bottom of each CBR sample was studied as well. The article reveals that for each cycle, the CBR decreases during soaking and increases during drying for all frequencies.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2014; 15(10).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the present study, clay soil collected from new Banda, Uttar Pradesh, India has been treated with rice husk ash (RHA) and Portland slag cement (PSC). Based on unconfined compressive strength test results, the optimum mix obtained is of 82.5%Soil+7.5%PSC+10%RHA. The increase in strength of the optimum mix is about 29.8%, 37.2% and 48.55% for a curing period of 7, 14 and 30 days, respectively. The soaked California bearing ratio (CBR) test gives about 91.75% higher values as compared to unsoaked CBR test for a curing period of 30 days. Strain-controlled cyclic triaxial tests were conducted to study the variation of degradation index, shear modulus and damping ratio of the optimum mix with number of cycles for strain amplitudes of 0.4%, 0.6%, 0.8% and 1% and for frequencies of 0.2 and 1 Hz at an effective confining pressure of 100 kPa. It is observed that the degradation index decreases at a fast rate for the first 25–50 cycles. From the study, it is concluded that the aforementioned mix may be suitable for pavement subgrade material.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2014; 15(10).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In general, road authorities recognise the importance of research studies to support the development of maintenance programmes for surface characteristics to be incorporated into pavement management systems. For this purpose, the establishment of threshold values is an essential issue, but the literature concerning this topic is very scarce. The main objective of this paper was to present a methodology for the establishment of threshold values based on safety criteria and concerning skid resistance and macrotexture, represented by International Friction Index, coefficient of friction and texture depth. The methodology consists of two phases: evaluation of the influence of the pavement surface properties on road accidents and establishment of threshold values for each road environment (RE). The analysis of the influence of these parameters on accident occurrence is based on the definition of compound RE, a more appropriate technique for accident modelling. Minimum and safety values of the parameters are recommended in this paper.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2014; 15(10).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is hypothesised that maintenance treatments should be applied in the preventive mode before pavements display significant amounts of distress in order to be more cost-effective. The objective of this study was to verify the concept of preventive maintenance by examining the long-term effectiveness of chip seal treatment in four climatic zones in the USA using the long-term pavement performance database. Pavement sections were categorised into smooth, medium and rough pavements, based upon initial condition (IC) as indicated by the international roughness index. Pavement performance of treated and untreated sections was collectively modelled using exponential regression analysis. Effectiveness was evaluated in terms of life extension, relative benefit and benefit–cost ratio. The results showed that preventive maintenance is cost-effective. The life extension, relative benefit and benefit cost ratio were highest for sections whose IC was smooth at the time of treatment. Chip seal treatment effectiveness showed no correlation to climatic conditions or to traffic levels.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2014; 15(10).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper investigates the pavement friction–texture relationship, using a decomposition method of the pavement texture that is part of a new signal processing technique called ‘Hilbert–Huang transform’ to develop a texture parameters–friction relation. This method allows the empirical decomposition of the texture profile to a set of basic profiles in a limited number, called ‘intrinsic mode functions’ or IMFs. From the obtained IMFs, a set of four new functions called ‘base intrinsic mode functions’ or BIMFs, are introduced and are characterised from the density and sharpness of the peaks contained in the individual BIMFs. Then these two parameters are correlated with the pavement friction using different combinations. This procedure is applied to a set of texture and friction data measured through test roads in France. The textures and frictions are measured using, respectively, the Circular Texture Meter and the Dynamic Friction Tester in France and also on a number of test sites in the USA. The obtained results show a good correlation between some of the BIMF parameters (density and sharpness) and friction.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper focuses on the experimental investigation on temperature sensitivity and visco-elastoplastic behaviour of glasphalt. Classic Burgers creep model could only describe the viscoelastic behaviour of materials before the third creep-phase, so a viscoplastic string is added in series with classic Burgers model in order to predict the visco-elastoplastic behaviour of glasphalt. In this research, the effects of loading stress and temperature on creep behaviour of glasphalt under dynamic loading are investigated. In addition, some methods were used to solve model parameters and then predictions from proposed model were compared with experimental results. It was shown that creep testing curves coincided well with theoretic curves, validating that modified Burgers model can completely characterise creep behaviour of glasphalt. Besides, temperature sensitivity of glasphalt was evaluated by using indirect tensile stiffness modulus test, and stiffness modulus behaviour model of glasphalt was presented based on the experimental results and numerical analysis.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A fundamental aspect in a pavement management system is the evaluation of the pavement structural condition and its capability in supporting the designated traffic. The nondestructive technique of the falling weight deflectometer and the layered elastic model are commonly used to identify pavement structural condition. The approach in this article is mechanistic–empirical, with the intent to correlate the strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer with the number of coverages to failure. Strains were computed through mathematical approximation of the deflection basin measured at failure. The proposed asphalt criterion showed the same trend of the subgrade strain criterion developed in conjunction with the reformulation of the California bearing ratio (CBR)-Beta design criteria. The approach provided encouraging results when compared with the other analyses in the development of the CBR-Beta criteria. The database was from the full-scale flexible pavement testing at the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center in Vicksburg, MS, USA.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The mixing temperature for binders is normally chosen by the pavement engineer based on a specific ‘viscosity’ required during hot mix asphalt production. Majority of the unmodified binders exhibit Newtonian behaviour at the mixing temperature and hence the determination of the same is straight-forward. However, when modified binders are used, experiments using a rotational viscometer indicate that the binder exhibits viscoelastic non-Newtonian fluid characteristic even at very high temperature. Consequently, the ‘viscosity’ varies with time and the location where it is measured, and hence is not a unique property of the material. In this work, a thermodynamically consistent, frame-invariant viscoelastic non-Newtonian fluid model was developed to characterise the rheological properties of the binders tested in a rotational viscometer. In the investigation reported here, two types of modified binders, polymer and crumb rubber, and one unmodified binder were used. These binders were subjected to steady and variable shear rate experiments in a rotational viscometer. The viscoelastic non-Newtonian model developed was able to predict reasonably the response of binders subjected to various protocols. In addition, bituminous mixtures were fabricated at different mixing and compaction temperatures using these binders, and the evolution of volumetric properties was investigated. The experimental investigation on mixtures showed that for identical aggregate gradation, the apparent viscosity of the binders played a critical role on the final volumetric properties obtained.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A finite-element response model was developed using ABAQUS software package to investigate the effect of geogrid base reinforcement on the response of a flexible pavement structure. Finite-element analyses were then conducted on different unreinforced and geogrid-reinforced flexible pavement sections. In this analysis, the base course (BC) layer was modelled using an elasto-plastic bounding surface model. The results of the finite-element analyses showed that the geogrid reinforcement reduced the lateral strains within the BC and subgrade layers, the vertical strain and shear strain at top of subgrade, and the surface permanent deformation. The higher tensile modulus geogrid resulted in larger reduction of surface permanent deformation. Based on the response parameters computed from the finite element analysis, the improvement of using geogrid for BC reinforcement was then evaluated using the damage models for rutting in the mechanistic–empirical method developed through NCHRP Project 1-37a. The results of mechanistic–empirical analyses showed that the traffic benefit ratio values can reach as high as 3.7 for thin base pavement section built over weak subgrade using high tensile modulus geogrid.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A series of various sized Portland cement concrete (PCC) airfield repairs was performed using precast panels. The repairs received simulated C-17 aircraft traffic, and each repair was trafficked to failure. A heavy weight deflectometer was used to measure the panels' response to loading with increasing traffic applications. The results of traffic testing were used to evaluate the suitability of the precast panel repair technique for rapidly repairing PCC airfield pavements. Test results showed that the repair system was capable of supporting at least 5000 passes and possibly as many as 10,000 passes of C-17 traffic. Compared with other rapid airfield repair methods, the precast panel repair alternative may provide similar return-to-service timeliness and traffic performance at a slightly higher cost. Modifications to the system design and placement procedures are recommended to improve the field performance of the panels.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The viscosity of binder is of great importance during the handling, mixing, application and compaction of asphalt in highway surfacing. This paper presents experimental data and the application of artificial intelligence techniques (statistics, artificial neural networks (ANNs) and fuzzy logic) to modelling of apparent viscosity in asphalt–rubber binders. The binders were prepared in the laboratory by varying the rubber content (RC), rubber particle size, duration and temperature of mixture in conformity with a statistical design plan. Multi-factorial analysis of variance showed that the RC has a major influence on the viscosity observed for the considered interval of parameters variation. When only limited experimental data of design matrix are available for modelling, the fuzzy logic model is the best model to be used. In addition, the combined use of ANN and multiple regression analysis improved the characteristics of the neural network.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a dynamic model of asphalt pavement by considering the characteristics of moving tyre load, visco-elastic performance of material and layered system of pavement. The pavement is defined as an infinite layered system with the tyre load moving at a constant speed, and asphalt concrete (AC) is characterised as a kind of visco-elastic material. Using the spectrum analysis method, a complex tyre load is decomposed into a series of harmonic loads. Based on the frequency characteristics of a linear system, a universal formulation pattern for differential visco-elastic constitutive relations is provided. And then, a model is set up to analyse the dynamic response of asphalt pavement under moving harmonic load, and then to extend to the arbitrary moving load according to the superposition principle of a linear system. The dynamic responses of seven typical semi-rigid base asphalt pavements are analysed using the model. Analysis results indicate that the tensional strain at the bottom of the AC layer and the vertical compression strain at the top of the roadbed are not suitable for key indices of the semi-rigid base asphalt pavement. The shearing strain at the bottom of the AC layer can be taken as a key index to evaluate the fatigue performance, and the vertical compression strain at the top of the pavement surface can be taken as a key index to evaluate pavement rutting, and the vertical shearing strain at the top of pavement surface can be taken as a key index to evaluate top–down crack.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).