International Journal of Pavement Engineering

Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Journal description

Pavement Engineering lies at the heart of modern society in both technologically advanced and developing countries. Delivery of goods and services to markets and consumers depends on the provision of reliable road surfaces, airport runways, dock-sides and storage yards. This international journal is dedicated to this important type of construction, its performance, maintenance and component materials. The Journal publishes the latest research findings from across the world together with case records of successful (and not-so-successful) usage and performance. (By this means, the journal aims to bring together and disseminate results of research and practice from one country to another). Occasionally, there will be state-of-the-art reviews on pavement engineering aiming to transfer advanced pavement understanding to the user community. All aspects of design, materials, performance, maintenance, testing and rehabilitation are included.

Current impact factor: 0.71

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 0.706
2013 Impact Factor 1.108
2012 Impact Factor 0.745
2011 Impact Factor 0.402

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.08
Cited half-life 5.50
Immediacy index 0.22
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.25
Website International Journal of Pavement Engineering website
Other titles International journal of pavement engineering (Online)
ISSN 1029-8436
OCLC 50166341
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
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    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • This policy is an exception to the default policies of 'Taylor & Francis (Routledge)'
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1088154
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Natural rubber (NR) powder as a bio-modifier of asphalt binder has been shown to have some beneficial effects. However, there is limited research into the use of the liquid form of NR, i.e. concentrated NR latex, as an asphalt binder modifier. Compared to NR powder, NR latex is cheaper and more accessible in some countries, and potentially creates viscosity-reducing foams in the modified binder during mixture production. In this research, asphalt binders modified with different amount of NR latex were systematically studied, including the rotational viscosities, rutting resistance, fatigue resistance, low-temperature behaviour and temperature sensitivity. The dispersion of the NR latex in the modified binders was examined using fluorescence microscope and atomic force microscope. Test results indicate that the addition of NR latex increases the viscosity and elastic recovery of the modified binders and potentially enhances asphalt pavements’ resistance to rutting, thermal cracking and fatigue damage. The NR latex also reduces the temperature sensitivity of the modified binders. The optimum NR latex content was found to be 7% of the total mass of the modified binder. A network of extensive microstructures mixed with bubbles was identified in the modified binders under heat. As a renewable and sustainable material, NR latex has the potential to be used as an effective asphalt modifier.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095913
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    ABSTRACT: When applying reclaimed asphalt technology in a flexible pavement project, most performance concerns are related to low temperature and fatigue cracking since the stiffness of the HMA mixture could dramatically increase through adding a high percentage of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) material. The purpose of this study is to evaluate asphalt mixtures with high RAP contents, prepared using two RAP addition methods, for their performance based on fatigue-cracking resistance rather than relying on volumetric properties. Asphalt mixture samples were prepared with three RAP binder content replacement percentages (30, 40 and 50%) using two preparation methods: the as-is RAP gradation (traditional method) and the splitting of the RAP gradation into coarse and fine fractions (fractionated method). Asphalt mixture beam fatigue and binder fatigue time-sweep tests were performed. Beam fatigue samples also underwent freeze–thaw cycling for freeze–thaw damage evaluation. Rather than basing the performance based solely on S–Nf curves to illustrate the fatigue performance, the beam fatigue test data was analysed through a dissipated energy approach. Faster fatigue degradation was observed for the 40% RAP binder and beam mixture when subjected to repeated loading. From a morphology aspect, this can be explained by the binder’s phase separation and physical hardening effects.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095895
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the pavement distress data obtained from the field as well as the effects of the soil cover depth, joint position and reinforced slab length on the behaviour of concrete pavement using the finite element method. An ultimate strength model with a similarity of 1/2 was designed and constructed. Finite element analysis incorporating an implicit direct numerical integration scheme was conducted to obtain an optimal design for the pavement structure above a box culvert. An accelerated pavement test was conducted for validation, in which a realistic traffic load was imposed on the pavement model constructed in the laboratory. The strain histories were measured at each section and compared with those of numerical analysis. The optimal joint position and reinforced slab length that can minimise the damage to the pavement structure above a box culvert were also determined.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095894
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    ABSTRACT: Numerical simulation model of buried pipeline crossing ground settlement zone was established considering pipeline–soil interaction. Mechanical behaviour of the buried pipeline was investigated, and effects of ground settlement, pipeline parameters and surrounding soil parameters on mechanical behaviour of the buried pipeline were discussed. These results show that there are two high stress areas on both sides of the dividing plane. High stress areas are oval on the top and bottom of the pipeline. Z-shape bending deformation appears under the action of ground settlement. In ground settlement zone, axial strain on the top of the pipeline is compression strain, and axial strain on the bottom of the pipeline is tension strain. On the contrary, they are tension strain and compression strain respectively in no settlement zone. Bending deformation, axial strain and plastic strain of the buried pipeline increase with the increase in ground settlement. Von Mises stress, high stress area, axial strain and plastic strain of the buried pipeline increase with the increasing diameter-thick ratio and internal pressure, but they decrease with the increase in buried depth. Diameter-thick ratio and internal pressure have a small effect on the bending deformation of the buried pipeline. Bending deformation decreases with the increase in buried depth in ground settlement zone. Von Mises stress and high stress area increase with the increasing surrounding soil’s elasticity modulus and cohesion, but they increase first and then decrease with the increase in Poisson’s ratio. Bending deformation of the pipeline in no settlement zone increases with the increase in elasticity modulus and Poisson’s ratio, but it is affected little by the cohesion. Axial strain and plastic strain have a bigger relationship with the elasticity modulus and Poisson’s ratio. Axial strain and plastic strain of the buried pipeline increase with the increase in cohesion, and the change rates increase with the increase in ground settlement.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 11/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1104533

  • International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095298
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    ABSTRACT: The paper introduces a new type of industrial waste-based subbase material which can replace conventional subbase material (CSM) in pavement construction. Utilisation of this industrial waste, namely pond coal ash produced from a thermal power plant in road construction will help to reduce the disposal problem of this waste and also will help to reduce the problem of scarcity of CSM. Lime and fibre were also added to the pond ash at various percentages to improve the suitability of this type of mix as subbase material. The optimum service life of pavement is studied with the help of numerical modelling and the cost benefit is also presented in the current study. The study reveals that stabilisation of the coal ash with 2% lime may produce an optimal material and, even though a greater thickness may be required to deliver the same pavement performance, direct cost savings of around 10% may be achieved in addition to less easily quantifiable environmental benefits. Design charts are provided to exploit the findings.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095915
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study developed an atomistic simulation framework based on the classical molecular dynamics (MD) method to study the moisture-induced damage at the asphalt-aggregate interface. The interface adhesion strength of the asphalt–quartz system was predicted using MD simulation for the first time. The interface stress-separation curve under tension that was obtained from MD simulation resembles the failure behaviour measured from the pull-off strength conducted at the macroscopic scale. The results show that the presence of moisture at the asphalt–quartz interface significantly reduces the interface adhesion strength. The interface failure process is affected by the chemical compositions of asphalt. The interface adhesion strength decreases as the moisture content increases or the temperature increases. It was found that the atomistic model size (number of atoms) and the loading rate in MD simulation have considerable effects on the predicted interface adhesion strength. The findings from MD simulation provide fundamental understanding of material failure at the atomistic scale that cannot be observed at the normal experimental testing environment for asphalt materials. The MD simulation results can be potentially calibrated and utilised as inputs for higher scale micromechanical models to predict bulk mechanical responses of asphalt mixtures.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095297
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    ABSTRACT: There is a lack of a profound understanding of urban pavement deterioration pattern. This is due to the complexity of traffic conditions and the variety of pavement structures in urban roads. The lack of a suitable deterioration model for the urban pavements limits the possibility of making any scientific and cost-effective repair and maintenance strategy. There is a need for a better understanding of the long-term behaviour of urban pavements by which predictive pavement condition models can be derived and consequently a suitable maintenance management system can be built. In response to this need, a comprehensive field study was performed in three Iranian cosmopolitan cities. Pervasive pavement damages were defined and an urban pavement condition index was established. A deterioration model was developed by monitoring and analysing the conditions of road pavements in a period of four years. This model varies as the structural and loading conditions of the pavement change. The efficiency and practicability of the model in predicting the conditions of the pavements were illustrated.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095912
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    ABSTRACT: Dune sand is one of the predominant soils in the world, particularly in the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. In order to use these soils in constructions, pre-treatment of sand is essential. Though the usage of cement for stabilising sand has long been the practice to achieve the required strength, it is not cost effective and its manufacturing consumes a lot of energy. Consequently, it would be noble to use industrial by-products, often considered as waste materials, such as electric arc furnace dust (EAFD), in the stabilisation of sand. This research reports the potentiality of using EAFD for improving the strength of dune sand. Specimens, mixed with 2% cement and mixed with 5, 10, 20 and 30% EAFD plus 2% cement, were evaluated using unconfined compressive strength, soaked CBR and durability tests. Results of this investigation indicated that dune sand stabilised with 20 and 30% EAFD plus 2% cement has been qualified as a construction material for sub-base in rigid and flexible pavements, respectively, as per ACI requirements. Scanning electron microscope, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and backscattered electron images, in addition to, XRD analysis were used to identify the various phases in the sand-2% cement-30% EAFD mixture.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095904
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    ABSTRACT: Two runways were resurfaced with 50–60 mm of typical airport asphalt at the same airport. One runway surface performed well while the other exhibited a lack of resistance to cyclic shear stress under heavy aircraft braking. Both runways had the same hydrated lime filler and coarse aggregate source. The fine aggregate (dust) used to manufacture the two runway surfaces was obtained from two different basalt quarries. The dust associated with the poorly performing asphalt contained a potentially detrimental clay mineral (Hisingerite). It was subsequently determined that the crude oil used to manufacture the feedstock for the acid-modified binder also changed at the transition from one runway to the other. The changes in dust and binder were confounded. A combination of viscosity testing and performance-based multiple stress creep recovery (MSCR) testing determined that the two runway binders responded significantly differently to shear stress and aged differently with sample storage time. The differences were magnified at higher temperatures. Further, mastic samples were manufactured from binder associated with both feedstocks, in combination with dust from both quarries. MSCR testing of mastic indicated that the dust containing significant Hisingerite had no adverse impact on the mastic response to shear stress. The change in binder feedstock was concluded to be the root cause of the lack of resistance to cyclic shear stress observed in one runway surface. This occurred despite all batches of binder meeting the viscosity-based Australian specification for paving grade bitumen. The specification has no mechanism to prevent similar changes in bitumen feedstock affecting airport bitumen performance in the future. Incorporating performance-based testing in the Australian bitumen specification is recommended.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095914
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    ABSTRACT: Lack of sufficient friction between tyre and pavement is known to be one of the contributing factors in vehicle crashes. The application of new technologies can be used to determine the low friction areas or vulnerable accident sites at both the project and network levels. Continuous friction devices are one of the newest systems currently used in European countries that have recently been introduced to the United States. Continuous friction measuring devices are designed to measure the friction under conditions similar to those produced by an anti-lock braking system. Although continuous friction measuring equipment (CFME) provides valuable information about surface friction, processing of the relatively large amount of data produced is time-consuming. Traditional methods such as comparing the average friction provide a quick and simple data analysis method; however, they neglect other important characteristics such as friction spatial variation and low friction spots. This study proposes a methodology based on cross-correlation to compare CFME measurements. The data used in the study were collected during the annual rodeo that took place at the Virginia Smart Road. Two GripTester and one Dynatest 6875H Highway Friction Tester were used for data collection. Cross-correlation was used to synchronise the measurements. Repeatability and reproducibility of the measurements were evaluated based on the maximum cross-correlation value.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095908
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    ABSTRACT: The present investigation is conducted to evaluate the effect of steel slag coarse aggregates on mechanical properties and fatigue behaviour of Alkali-Activated Slag Fly Ash Concrete (AASFC) mixes. AASFC mixes were prepared with steel slag coarse aggregates by replacing natural coarse aggregates at various replacement levels (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% by volume). Various mechanical properties and fatigue performance were tested and compared with conventional Portland concrete. The incorporation of steel slag aggregates resulted in decrease in mechanical strength of AASFC mixes. The fatigue lives of AASFC mixes containing steel slag were found to be lower than AASFC with natural coarse aggregates. Two-parameter Weibull distribution was used for statistical analysis of fatigue data and it was observed that the fatigue data of concrete mixes can be approximately modelled using Weibull distribution. Steel slag aggregates reported acceptable performance in AASFC mixes for its use in pavement quality concrete.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095902
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this research were to characterise concrete pavement surface texture using three-dimensional (3D) surface texture indicators, to explore the relationship between pavement noise/friction and texture parameters. A newly constructed Portland cement concrete pavement with 13 types of textures was selected as test site. Pavement texture heights were recovered using photometric stereo technique. A comparative study was conducted between proposed 3D texture parameters and other established two-dimensional texture measurements, i.e. the circular track meter and the high-speed texture profiler. Correlation analysis between 3D texture parameters and noise/friction data were also carried out to explore relationship between pavement texture and noise/friction. In addition to texture amplitude, the direction and distribution of pavement texture have strong impacts on pavement noise and friction. It is possible to have a better understanding of surface texture and pavement noise/friction using combinations of the proposed 3D texture parameters.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095897
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: More and more styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS)-modified asphalt waste materials are being discarded with the increase in road service life. The recycling of these waste pavement materials can reduce environmental pollution and help save resources. However, the low-temperature performance and the fatigue resistance of recycled asphalt mixture are significantly affected by the addition of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP). In order to evaluate the low-temperature performance and the fatigue resistance of recycled SBS-modified asphalt mixture, three points bending test, Fénix test and Ensayo de BArrido de DEformaciones test were conducted. Additionally, the differences of recycling between SBS-modified RAP with different ageing conditions and ordinary unmodified RAP were compared. The results showed that fatigue resistance of modified recycling of asphalt mixture with different RAPs did not vary much under low temperature (−5 °C) while displaying an obvious difference under higher temperature. SBS-modified RAP under light ageing condition was suitable for modified recycling. However, the SBS-modified asphalt from RAP under serious ageing condition would lose modification effect resulting in a great reduction of the low-temperature crack resistance and the fatigue resistance. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the ageing degree of RAP before recycling SBS-modified asphalt mixture. The SBS-modified RAP under serious ageing condition (SM-RAP) is not recommended for directly modified recycling. But considering for further utilisation, the SM-RAP used for unmodified recycling as ordinary unmodified RAP can be regarded as a good choice and the RAP content should be restricted to less than 30%.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1095296
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the morphological properties of different road surfacing aggregates. Eleven types of aggregates with great variances in their mineralogical properties were chosen for the study. For each type, 500-gram test samples were prepared and subjected to polishing using the Micro-Deval (MD) apparatus. Before and after polishing, 48 particles from each type of aggregate were selected and run through the aggregate imaging system and X-ray computed tomography equipment to capture the change of morphological characteristics, including sphericity, angularity and texture. The results showed that log-normal functions are ideally suited to describe distributions of the analysed morphological characteristics before and after MD. The mass loss of each aggregate can be well described with a function using the expected value of morphological parameters with the aid of a multiple regression analysis. The change of angularity is the main cause for the mass loss whilst the changes of both the sphericity and texture only have an ancillary influence.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2015; DOI:10.1080/10298436.2015.1088153