International Journal of Pavement Engineering

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

Pavement Engineering lies at the heart of modern society in both technologically advanced and developing countries. Delivery of goods and services to markets and consumers depends on the provision of reliable road surfaces, airport runways, dock-sides and storage yards. This international journal is dedicated to this important type of construction, its performance, maintenance and component materials. The Journal publishes the latest research findings from across the world together with case records of successful (and not-so-successful) usage and performance. (By this means, the journal aims to bring together and disseminate results of research and practice from one country to another). Occasionally, there will be state-of-the-art reviews on pavement engineering aiming to transfer advanced pavement understanding to the user community. All aspects of design, materials, performance, maintenance, testing and rehabilitation are included.

  • Impact factor
    0.75
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    5.10
  • Immediacy index
    0.04
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.00
  • Website
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering website
  • Other titles
    International journal of pavement engineering (Online)
  • ISSN
    1029-8436
  • OCLC
    50166341
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 month embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals
    • 18 month embargo for SSH journals
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • Pre-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Post-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • Publisher will deposit to PMC on behalf of NIH authors.
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The mixing temperature for binders is normally chosen by the pavement engineer based on a specific ‘viscosity’ required during hot mix asphalt production. Majority of the unmodified binders exhibit Newtonian behaviour at the mixing temperature and hence the determination of the same is straight-forward. However, when modified binders are used, experiments using a rotational viscometer indicate that the binder exhibits viscoelastic non-Newtonian fluid characteristic even at very high temperature. Consequently, the ‘viscosity’ varies with time and the location where it is measured, and hence is not a unique property of the material. In this work, a thermodynamically consistent, frame-invariant viscoelastic non-Newtonian fluid model was developed to characterise the rheological properties of the binders tested in a rotational viscometer. In the investigation reported here, two types of modified binders, polymer and crumb rubber, and one unmodified binder were used. These binders were subjected to steady and variable shear rate experiments in a rotational viscometer. The viscoelastic non-Newtonian model developed was able to predict reasonably the response of binders subjected to various protocols. In addition, bituminous mixtures were fabricated at different mixing and compaction temperatures using these binders, and the evolution of volumetric properties was investigated. The experimental investigation on mixtures showed that for identical aggregate gradation, the apparent viscosity of the binders played a critical role on the final volumetric properties obtained.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A finite-element response model was developed using ABAQUS software package to investigate the effect of geogrid base reinforcement on the response of a flexible pavement structure. Finite-element analyses were then conducted on different unreinforced and geogrid-reinforced flexible pavement sections. In this analysis, the base course (BC) layer was modelled using an elasto-plastic bounding surface model. The results of the finite-element analyses showed that the geogrid reinforcement reduced the lateral strains within the BC and subgrade layers, the vertical strain and shear strain at top of subgrade, and the surface permanent deformation. The higher tensile modulus geogrid resulted in larger reduction of surface permanent deformation. Based on the response parameters computed from the finite element analysis, the improvement of using geogrid for BC reinforcement was then evaluated using the damage models for rutting in the mechanistic–empirical method developed through NCHRP Project 1-37a. The results of mechanistic–empirical analyses showed that the traffic benefit ratio values can reach as high as 3.7 for thin base pavement section built over weak subgrade using high tensile modulus geogrid.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper focuses on the experimental investigation on temperature sensitivity and visco-elastoplastic behaviour of glasphalt. Classic Burgers creep model could only describe the viscoelastic behaviour of materials before the third creep-phase, so a viscoplastic string is added in series with classic Burgers model in order to predict the visco-elastoplastic behaviour of glasphalt. In this research, the effects of loading stress and temperature on creep behaviour of glasphalt under dynamic loading are investigated. In addition, some methods were used to solve model parameters and then predictions from proposed model were compared with experimental results. It was shown that creep testing curves coincided well with theoretic curves, validating that modified Burgers model can completely characterise creep behaviour of glasphalt. Besides, temperature sensitivity of glasphalt was evaluated by using indirect tensile stiffness modulus test, and stiffness modulus behaviour model of glasphalt was presented based on the experimental results and numerical analysis.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A fundamental aspect in a pavement management system is the evaluation of the pavement structural condition and its capability in supporting the designated traffic. The nondestructive technique of the falling weight deflectometer and the layered elastic model are commonly used to identify pavement structural condition. The approach in this article is mechanistic–empirical, with the intent to correlate the strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer with the number of coverages to failure. Strains were computed through mathematical approximation of the deflection basin measured at failure. The proposed asphalt criterion showed the same trend of the subgrade strain criterion developed in conjunction with the reformulation of the California bearing ratio (CBR)-Beta design criteria. The approach provided encouraging results when compared with the other analyses in the development of the CBR-Beta criteria. The database was from the full-scale flexible pavement testing at the US Army Engineer Research and Development Center in Vicksburg, MS, USA.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper presents a dynamic model of asphalt pavement by considering the characteristics of moving tyre load, visco-elastic performance of material and layered system of pavement. The pavement is defined as an infinite layered system with the tyre load moving at a constant speed, and asphalt concrete (AC) is characterised as a kind of visco-elastic material. Using the spectrum analysis method, a complex tyre load is decomposed into a series of harmonic loads. Based on the frequency characteristics of a linear system, a universal formulation pattern for differential visco-elastic constitutive relations is provided. And then, a model is set up to analyse the dynamic response of asphalt pavement under moving harmonic load, and then to extend to the arbitrary moving load according to the superposition principle of a linear system. The dynamic responses of seven typical semi-rigid base asphalt pavements are analysed using the model. Analysis results indicate that the tensional strain at the bottom of the AC layer and the vertical compression strain at the top of the roadbed are not suitable for key indices of the semi-rigid base asphalt pavement. The shearing strain at the bottom of the AC layer can be taken as a key index to evaluate the fatigue performance, and the vertical compression strain at the top of the pavement surface can be taken as a key index to evaluate pavement rutting, and the vertical shearing strain at the top of pavement surface can be taken as a key index to evaluate top–down crack.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A series of various sized Portland cement concrete (PCC) airfield repairs was performed using precast panels. The repairs received simulated C-17 aircraft traffic, and each repair was trafficked to failure. A heavy weight deflectometer was used to measure the panels' response to loading with increasing traffic applications. The results of traffic testing were used to evaluate the suitability of the precast panel repair technique for rapidly repairing PCC airfield pavements. Test results showed that the repair system was capable of supporting at least 5000 passes and possibly as many as 10,000 passes of C-17 traffic. Compared with other rapid airfield repair methods, the precast panel repair alternative may provide similar return-to-service timeliness and traffic performance at a slightly higher cost. Modifications to the system design and placement procedures are recommended to improve the field performance of the panels.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The viscosity of binder is of great importance during the handling, mixing, application and compaction of asphalt in highway surfacing. This paper presents experimental data and the application of artificial intelligence techniques (statistics, artificial neural networks (ANNs) and fuzzy logic) to modelling of apparent viscosity in asphalt–rubber binders. The binders were prepared in the laboratory by varying the rubber content (RC), rubber particle size, duration and temperature of mixture in conformity with a statistical design plan. Multi-factorial analysis of variance showed that the RC has a major influence on the viscosity observed for the considered interval of parameters variation. When only limited experimental data of design matrix are available for modelling, the fuzzy logic model is the best model to be used. In addition, the combined use of ANN and multiple regression analysis improved the characteristics of the neural network.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 10/2014; 15(9).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Excess water in pavement foundations is one of the major factors contributing to pavements deterioration. In recent years, a number of research studies have been carried out to understand the water movement into pavements and to assess its detrimental effects on the mechanical response of the foundations. However, these studies do not quantify the impact of suction reduction or pore pressure buildup in the foundations on the pavement response. In this paper, coupled finite element analyses are carried out to investigate the effect of the excess water in the granular foundations on the structural performance of flexible pavements. The coupled analyses simulate critical features governing the foundations' hydromechanical response including the transient unsaturated flow and porous nonlinear behaviour of the foundations under moving wheel loads. Furthermore, a parametric study that examines the influences of various loading and foundation parameters on the performance of pavements subjected to excessive moisture scenarios is carried out. The numerical analysis results obtained in this paper are qualitatively in line with the empirical observations reported in the literature.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 05/2014; 15(5).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate the quality of the recently developed Canadian climatic database and the effect of climatic factors on flexible pavement performance using the mechanistic-empirical pavement design guide (MEPDG). Two hundred and six Canadian climatic files were used to carry out the analysis. Freezing index and frost depth from the MEPDG were compared with the data available in Canadian databases. The sensitivity of pavement performance to climate conditions, predicted using the MEPDG, was also studied. The pavement performance predicted using the virtual weather station and existing weather station data was compared. From the pavement performance sensitivity study, it was found that the asphalt concrete, total pavement rutting and international roughness index show sensitivity to climate changes. It was also found that differences in the quality and duration of data for close-by stations can result in variation in the predicted performance. Overall, the study assists with facilitating the implementation of the MEPDG in Canada.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 05/2014; 15(5).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An empirical numerical model was established for analysing the temperature variation of pavements in Xi'an area of China. This model can consider the influence of solar radiation, atmospheric temperature and humidity. It was verified by comparing the calculated and measured temperature of the natural ground surface. The effect of seasonal variations of temperature on asphalt and concrete pavement surfaces were then calculated. The temperature distribution of both asphalt and concrete pavements in January and July was investigated using the model. For each type of pavement, four groups of different pavement materials were considered to investigate the influence of thermal parameters for pavement materials on the temperature distribution. Furthermore, the diurnal variation of pavement temperature was analysed and discussed based on the normal climate characteristics in Xi'an. The results of the analysis showed that the diurnal variation of pavement temperature is very significant and must be considered in the design of a pavement.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 05/2014; 15(5).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Frost action is a major factor causing deteriorations of pavements in cold regions. The resultant temperature and moisture redistributions play an important role in determining the mechanical responses of pavement. This paper develops a multi-physical model to analyse the coupled thermo-hydraulic field under pavements, especially those in the unsaturated base and subgrade. This model integrates the Fourier's laws for heat transfer, Richards' equation for fluid transfer and poroelastic constitutive relationships. Various coupled parameters were utilised to transfer information between field variables. Additional relationships, such as the similarity between drying and freezing processes and the Clapeyron equation for ice–water balance, were incorporated to allow for the effects of frost action. The coupled nonlinear partial differential equation system was solved on a multi-physical platform. Two instrumented pavement sections (one asphalt pavement and one concrete pavement) were used to validate the results of the model simulations. The simulation results match reasonably well with the field-monitored data.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 05/2014; 15(5).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the effect of the pavement design parameters on the behaviour of orthotropic steel bridge deck pavements under traffic loading using a three-dimensional finite element model. Four types of paving materials were considered in this analysis: polymer concrete, epoxy asphalt concrete, polymer-modified stone mastic asphalt concrete and mastic asphalt concrete. The maximum transverse tensile strain was developed at the bottom of the pavement under a tyre of dual tyres or on top of the pavement between two tyres. From the sensitivity analysis, better interface bonding between the deck plate and pavement led to a significant enhancement of bottom-up fatigue cracking resistance, especially for 40-mm-thick pavements. As pavement temperature increased from − 20 to 60°C, critical tensile strain increased significantly, and corresponding locations moved from the bottom to the top of the deck pavement.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 05/2014; 15(5).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dowel bars are provided at the transverse joints of the jointed plain concrete pavement to allow for expansion and contraction of the pavement due to moisture and temperature changes. This paper presents experimental and analytical investigations for the deflection response of glass fibre-reinforced polymer (GFRP) dowels for different joint widths and concrete grades. The results were compared with those obtained from investigations into the conventional epoxy-coated steel dowel bars of similar rigidity. The experimental results showed that the 38 mm (1.5 in.) GFRP dowels perform better in terms of joint face deflection compared with 25 mm (1 in.) epoxy-coated steel dowel bars. In addition, these results showed that the deflection of the GFRP dowel was significantly affected by changing the concrete compressive strength and the joint widths.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 05/2014; 15(5).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dowel bars are installed in concrete pavements using metal baskets or mechanical dowel bar inserters (DBIs). The latter can be accomplished in two ways: the traditional one-step process consisting of a slipform paver outfitted with an automatic DBI and an on-board vibrator, or a two-step process consisting of a DBI attached to the main paver and followed by a second paver that consolidates the holes left by the DBI. Several concerns have been raised regarding the dowel bar misalignment in the two-step paving process. The MIT Scan-2 device was used to evaluate the dowel bar misalignment in a concrete pavement constructed using a two-step DBI in Lake County, Ohio. The results revealed significant deviation in horizontal, vertical and longitudinal positions. Furthermore, many bars were found to be severely misaligned, increasing the possibility of joint locking. As a result, Ohio has banned the use of two-step DBIs on all Ohio Department of Transportation projects.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 05/2014; 15(5).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper presents an analytical solution for prediction of the one-dimensional (1D) time-dependent temperature profile in a multi-layered rigid pavement system. Temperature at any depth in a rigid pavement system can be estimated by using the proposed solution with limited input data, such as pavement layer thicknesses, material thermal properties, measured air temperatures and solar radiation intensities. This temperature prediction problem is modelled as a boundary value problem governed by the classic heat conduction equations, and the air temperatures and solar radiation intensities are considered in the surface boundary condition. Interpolatory trigonometric polynomials, based on the discrete least squares approximation method, are used to fit the measured air temperatures and solar radiation intensities during the time period of interest. The solution technique employs the complex variable approach along with the separation of variables method. A FORTRAN program was coded to implement the proposed 1D analytical solution. Field model validation demonstrates that the proposed solution generates reasonable temperature profile in the concrete slab for a four-layered rigid pavement system during two different time periods of the year.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 05/2014; 15(5).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A two-dimensional finite element program was utilised to study the effects of a non-uniform subgrade support on the tensile stresses in a concrete slab. A total of 12 subgrade support conditions were created including uniform and non-uniform support. The modulus of subgrade reaction (k-value) for different support areas was arbitrarily assigned either a soft (50 psi/in., 13.5 MPa/m) or stiff (500 psi/in., 135 MPa/m) value. Three axle types (single, tandem and steer-drive), three linear temperature differentials (none, negative and positive), two loading paths (edge and wheel path) and multiple longitudinal wheel positions were considered in the analysis. The theoretical analyses showed that several non-uniform subgrade support cases had a profound impact on the peak tensile stresses in a slab. In particular, a stiff subgrade with soft edges and a subgrade with randomly assigned soft and stiff locations significantly increased the peak tensile stresses relative to a uniformly soft support condition by at least 30%.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 05/2014; 15(5).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fatigue cracking is one of the primary distresses of asphalt pavement. Critical strain energy density (CSED) has shown great potential to be a material parameter for fatigue cracking prediction. For the CSED to be used in future fatigue model and pavement design, a model is needed to predict the CSED as a function of the loading rate and the temperature, analogous to dynamic modulus. In this study, indirect tensile (IDT) tests were conducted to determine the properties of hot mixed asphalt at different loading rates and temperatures. It was found that time–temperature superposition principle is valid for IDT strength at both low and intermediate temperatures; and valid for failure strain and for the CSED at intermediate temperatures only. The shift factors for dynamic modulus were close to those of IDT strength and CSED, respectively. However, there was a discrepancy between shift factors of dynamic modulus and those of failure strain.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, field performance of a stone interlayer pavement test section and cement-stabilised base test control section on LA-97 in Acadia Parish, Louisiana, was monitored during 20 years of service. In addition, the performance of other nine stone interlayer pavement sections in Louisiana constructed from 1999 to 2008 was monitored and evaluated. Field evaluations in this study included distress surveys on all 11 pavement sections, and non-destructive evaluation of pavement structure by the falling weight deflectometer and the dynamic deflection determination system test on nine of these sections. The field evaluation results indicated that the stone interlayer test section on LA-97 had a superior pavement performance to control section over the 20 years of service, and other nine stone interlayer pavement sections were in good pavement condition after 2.5–12 years of service.
    International Journal of Pavement Engineering 01/2014; 15(8).

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