Ethiopian Journal of Health Development

Description

  • Impact factor
    0.30
  • 5-year impact
    0.00
  • Cited half-life
    7.30
  • Immediacy index
    0.00
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.00
  • ISSN
    1021-6790

Publications in this journal

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) is one of the cornerstones for successful implementation of HIV prevention, care and support services among HIV negative and positive individuals. Objectives: This study was intended to assess the factors associated with the use of VCT service among students in Bahir Dar University Methods: Unmatched case-control study was conducted among 158 cases (who had received VCT services) and 318 control students from March 20 to May 10, 2010. The study subjects were selected randomly among 452 students who had received VCT and 2548 controls. Data were collected using a pre-tested self-administered questionnaire. Results: The findings indicated that male [OR= 1.84 (95% CI: 1.15, 2.92)], married [AOR=2.95 (95% CI: 1.23, 7.10)] and senior students [AOR=8.64 (2.70, 24.13)] were more likely to be tested than their counterparts. Knowledge, [AOR=2.44 (95% CI: 1.39, 4.28)], attitude [AOR=2.23 (95% CI: 1.19, 4.16)] and risk perception [AOR=5.43 (95% CI: 3.38, 8.72)] showed significant association with VCT service. Conclusion: In order to promote VCT service, more emphasis should be given to the knowledge and attitudes of students towards VCT, and to help the students to internalize the risk of HIV so that they can take preventive measures. Furthermore, strategies should be designed to help senior students to be tested. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2012;26(1):16-21]
    Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 08/2012; 26(1):16-21.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: More than two billion individuals worldwide have inadequate iodine intake and the adverse consequences of iodine deficiency are widely observed. Objective: To assess the iodine status of primary school children and the knowledge of iodine deficiency disorders among their caretakers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hawassa Town, Southern Ethiopia. The study participants were school children (n=116) aged 7-9 years. A two-stage sampling method was used to select participants. Goiter and urinary iodine concentration were measured in the children to evaluate their iodine status. Socioeconomic characteristics, dietary patterns and caretaker knowledge of iodine deficiency were assessed by using questionnaires. Household salt iodine concentration was also measured. Results: Total goiter rate was 13.6% and was significantly associated with age [AOR=13.4 (3.2-55.7)]. Eighty two percent of the children had urinary iodine concentration below 50 μg/L, indicating the presence of moderate iodine deficiency. None of the households were using adequately iodized salt. More than half of the respondents did not know about the importance of iodized salt. Conclusion: The observed degree of iodine deficiency in children and the limited knowledge about iodine in an urban area such as Hawassa stress the urgent need for implementing interventions to combat iodine deficiency.
    Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 01/2012; 26(1):30-35.
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    ABSTRACT: The most common EEG abnormalities in Ethiopian patients with epilepsy are focal interictal epileptiform discharges, typically originating from multifocal cerebral loci and the temporal lobe, without hemispheric lateralization. It provides a foundation for prospective studies to address the etiological basis of focal abnormalities.
    Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 01/2012; 26(2):101-106.
  • Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 01/2012; 26(2):66-71.
  • Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 01/2012; 26(2):119-149.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Schistosomiasis mansoni and soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STHs) are considerable medical and public health problems in Ethiopia. However, information is limited on the epidemiology of these infections in different localities even though it is needed to plan effective prevention and control measures. Objective: This study was designed to determine the prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni and soil-transmitted helminth infections in school children and residents in Bushulo village near Lake Awassa (Hawassa), southern Ethiopia. Methods: Cross-sectional epidemiological and parasitological studies were conducted on schistosomiasis mansoni and STHs in Bushulo village in May and June 2007. A total of 419 participants (353 school children and 66 other residents) were included in the study. The principal investigator interviewed the study subjects about demographic status using structured questionnaires. Moreover, experienced nurse took history and conducted physical examination to assess symptoms and signs related to chronic S. mansoni infection. A single stool sample was collected from each participant and processed using the Kato-Katz technique. Experienced laboratory technician read all slides at Bushulo Health Center. Results: The overall infection rates of schistosomiasis mansoni, trichuriasis, ascariasis and hookworm infection were 73.7%, 41.5%, 37.2% and 28.4%, respectively. Other parasitic infections observed were caused by Hymenolepis nana (1.7%), Taenia species (1.4%), and Enterobius vermicularis (1.4%). Children in the age range 10-14 years and those attending at St. Paul's School had higher rates of T. trichiura and S. mansoni, respectively. Intensity of infection was higher for A. lumbricoides in the age range 5-9 years. The overall prevalence of any STHs was 67.3%. The rates of single, dual, triple and quadruple infections were 29.6%, 32%, 20.3% and 7.4%, respectively. Conclusion: The high prevalence and intensity of schistosomiasis mansoni and soil-transmitted helminthiasis makes periodic deworming programme urgent to reduce morbidity and transmission of helminthiasis in the area. Provisions of sanitary facilities and clean water supply as well as health education are also critically needed to sustain the impact of chemotherapy. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2011;25(1):46-50] Introduction Schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminthiasis are widely distributed and are among the major medical and public health problems in many parts of the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 1.45 billion people globally are infected with Ascaris lumbricoides, 1.3 billion with hookworm and 1.05 billion with Trichuris trichiura (1). Schistosomiasis is also common in many parts of the world and about 200 million people are infected globally (2).
    Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 09/2011; 25(1).
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    Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 09/2011; 25(1).
  • Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 09/2011; 25(1).
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Antenatal care is more beneficial in preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes when it is sought early in pregnancy. However, existing evidence from developing countries including Ethiopia indicate that few women seek antenatal care at early stage of their pregnancy. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the timing of ANC booking and impact of previous antenatal care utilization on timing of first antenatal care booking in Addis Ababa governmental health institutions. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted to collect data from 630 pregnant women who were attending antenatal care service at 10 governmental health centers in Addis Ababa from March 1 to 30, 2008. Results: Past experience on antenatal care service utilization did not come out as a predictor for timely booking of antenatal care (OR=1.40, 95%CI: 0.91, 2.15). Multivariate analysis revealed that respondents who received advice on recommended time of booking, their pregnancy was planned and first pregnancy, were more likely to book timely compared to others (AOR=10.10, 95% CI: 4.54, 22.40; AOR=1.87, 95% CI:1.11, 3.23; (AOR= 1.86, 95% CI: 1.01, 3.44) respectively. Conclusions: Past utilization of antenatal care service did not come as a predictor for timely booking of the service, provided that advice on timely booking is the main factor. In order to improve the situation, strengthening of focused antenatal care, availing of clear service delivery guidelines and training of service providers are important. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2010;24(3):226-233] Introduction Antenatal Care (ANC) is a type of care given for women during pregnancy and it is one of the pillars of maternal health service. The goal of ANC is to prevent health problems of pregnant women and to ensure that each newborn child has a good start (1).
    Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 07/2011; 24(3).
  • Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 01/2011; 25(3):184-191.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate selenium and glutathione levels in pulmonary tuberculosis patients and controls in Malawi. Method: The case-control study included 19 patients and 15 apparently healthy controls for whom, levels of selenium and glutathione were measured. Result: The plasma selenium levels were significantly lower in tuberculosis patients compared with the controls (p = 0.02). No significant differences were observed for the plasma glutathione levels (p = 0.39). [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2011;25;(0):00-000]
    Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 01/2011; 25.