The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society

Publisher: Indian Prosthodontic Society, Springer Verlag

Journal description

The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society aims to promote dialogue between the Prosthodontists all over the country and to nurture a scientific temper in both acamedicians and practioners alike. The Journal comes out with four issues per year. It would serve as a platform in which interesting case reports, scientific studies, literature reviews and valuable Tips can be exchanged for the common benefit of the Prosthodontic Community. It would also serve to bring evidence based dentistry to the forefront and highlight its importance. The journal is official publication of the Indian Prosthodontic Society, and issues are published quarterly in the last week of March, June, September and December.

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Website Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society website
Other titles JIPS
ISSN 0972-4052
OCLC 225391575
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A technique for restoring missing anterior teeth with associated extensive alveolar bone loss has been presented. This technique combines fixed and removable restorations where in removable prosthesis that restores the alveolar defect gets attached to the fixed prosthesis through precision attachment. The fixed prosthesis contributes to esthetics, function and also elevates patient’s self image. The removable prosthesis provides the much needed soft tissue support and also facilitates oral hygiene maintenance.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 12/2014; 14(4). DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0245-3
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    ABSTRACT: Treating edentulous mandibular fracture is difficult in elderly patients due to compromised medical condition of the patient and various contraindications for the surgical approach. The complication rate of infection or malunion is higher compared to fractures in younger, dentulous patients. For such conditions, ‘Gunning splint’ is a better option as it provides close reduction and stabilization of mandibular fracture, thus improving the prognosis.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-013-0294-2
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    ABSTRACT: This study was done to determine the relationship between interalar width and inter commissural width on circumferential arc width of maxillary anterior teeth in dentulous subjects between the age groups of 20–50 years. The study involved 300 subjects, in whom measurements were made from the distal aspect of each maxillary canine, across the facial surfaces of the six anterior teeth, using brass wire and a Vernier calliper. Interalar and inter commissural width were recorded after placing two points and measured with a Vernier calliper. Results were statistically analyzed using unpaired t test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Pearson’s correlation coefficient test. This study confirmed the reliability of interalar width to determine the circumferential arc width which can be used as a reference in edentulous patients.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-013-0329-8
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    ABSTRACT: Narrow dentoalveolar ridges remain a serious challenge for the successful placement of endosseous implants. Several techniques for this procedure may be considered, such as guided bone regeneration, bone block grafting, and ridge splitting for bone expansion. The ridge split procedure provides a quicker method wherein an atrophic ridge can be predictably expanded and grafted with bone allograft or allograft, eliminating the need for second surgical site. Traditionally, osseous surgery has been performed by either manual or motor-driven instruments. Piezosurgery is a relatively new technique for osteotomy and osteoplasty that utilizes ultrasonic vibration which allows clean cutting with precise incisions. This case series describes reports of 2 such cases in which narrow mandibular ridge splitting was carried by mean of piezotome with immediate placement of implants in the osteotomy site. Five months later, the implants were uncovered followed by impression and restored with impant- supported porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; 14(3). DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0216-8
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    ABSTRACT: Loss of an organ such as a finger not only imposes a functional impairment, but also leads to unaesthetic appearance and a deep psychological stigma to the patient. Hence replacement of such missing finger with the help of an artificial finger prosthesis has been very successful. The success of the prosthesis depends on the precision in meticulous planning and designing of prosthesis, technique of fabrication and the materials used. This article describes fabrication of a finger prosthesis by a modified technique, by making a metal conformer with a wire mesh. This design offers maximum retention and excellent aesthetics, thereby imparting a lifelike appearance to the hand with missing finger.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; 14(3). DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0204-z
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    ABSTRACT: Success of the prosthesis after mandibular resection is related directly to the amount of the remaining bone and soft tissue present. The prognosis for mandibulectomy patients becomes less favorable as the size of the resection increases. Prosthetic rehabilitation for such patients is a challenge for clinicians. Without preprosthetic reconstructive surgery, denture fabrication for mandibulectomy patients becomes extremely difficult. Telescopic dentures is a modality of treatment consisting of an inner or primary telescopic coping which is permanently cemented to an abutment and an outer or secondary telescopic coping which is attached to the prosthesis. These copings protect the abutment from dental caries and thermal irritations and also provide retention and stabilization of the secondary coping. The secondary coping engages the primary copings to form a telescopic unit and it provides retention and stability to the prosthesis. This clinical report aims at utilizing the remaining natural teeth for a mandibular overdenture with telescopic coping.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0172-3
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    ABSTRACT: Fatal accidents are rather common in mining endeavours. Establishing the identification of the deceased in mining accidents can be extremely challenging and the palatal identity appliance is a custom made intra oral device with an embedded memory chip with complete data stored in it which can be very useful in such situations to establish the identity of the dead.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; 14(3). DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0224-8
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    ABSTRACT: The transitional denture given in a full arch fixed implant restoration should not disturb the healing and osseointegration process. This is made possible by lining the denture with a uniform thickness of soft liner. The article describes a method of achieving uniform thickness of soft liner and minimizing the load transmitted to the area where implants were placed.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; 14(3). DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0227-5
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    ABSTRACT: Bone height restrictions are more common in the posterior regions of the mandible, because of either bone resorption resulting from tooth loss or even anatomic limitations, such as the position of the inferior alveolar nerve. In situations where adequate bone height is not available in the posterior mandible region, smaller lengths of implants may have to be used but it has been reported that the use of long implants (length ≥10 mm) is a positive factor in osseointegration and authors have reported failures with short implants. Hence knowledge about the stress generated on the bone with different lengths of implants needs scientific evaluation. The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the influence of different lengths of implants on stress upon bone in mandibular posterior area. A 3 D finite element model was made of the posterior mandible using the details from a CT scan, using computer software (ANSYS 12). Four simulated implants with lengths 6 mm, 8 mm, 10 mm and 13 mm were placed in the centre of the bone. A static vertical force of 250 N and a static horizontal force of 100 N were applied. The stress generated in the cortical and cancellous bone around the implant were recorded and evaluated with the help of ANSYS. In this study, Von Mises stress on a 6 mm implant under a static vertical load of 250 N appeared to be almost in the same range of 8 and 10 mm implant which were more as compared to 13 mm implant. Von Mises stress on a 6mm implant under a static horizontal load of 100 N appeared to be less when compared to 8, 10 and 13 mm implants. From the results obtained it may be inferred that under static horizontal loading conditions, shorter implants receive lesser load and thus may tend to transfer more stresses to the surrounding bone. While under static vertical loading the shorter implants bear more loads and comparatively transmit lesser load to the surrounding bone
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-014-0390-y
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    ABSTRACT: Dental implant restoration has been widely accepted as one of the treatment modalities to replace missing teeth and to restore human masticatory function. The use of root form endosseous implant has increased considerably and this restorative option has become more refined with the introduction of newer designs and concepts. Long term post placement studies have reported prosthetic complications, including screw loosening, screw fracture, framework and implant fracture. Abutment screw loosening is the second most common cause of failure of implant supported restoration, next to loss of osseointegration. This is more seen in single implant supported restoration. Management of screw loosening is challenging and this clinical report describes the management of an implant abutment screw loosening of upper anterior teeth with minimal damage to the existing restoration making it possible to be reused and a literature review on the various factors associated with abutment screw loosening.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-013-0330-2
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    ABSTRACT: Physical defects that compromise appearance or function, prevents an individual from leading a normal life, prompt the individual to seek treatment that will reinstate an acceptable normalcy. The disfigurement associated with loss of an eye can cause significant physical and emotional problems. The role of maxillofacial prosthodontists in fabricating an ocular prosthesis with acceptable esthetics and restoring normal appearance is essential. This article presents simplified impression technique and fabrication of ocular prosthesis.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; 14(3). DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0164-3
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    ABSTRACT: Successful rehabilitation of edentulous individuals involves selection and arrangement of artificial teeth in accordance with the patient’s original arch form. Various criteria exist for harmonious tooth arrangement but none is accepted universally. Finger and palm prints are unique to an individual and once formed in the sixth week of intra-uterine life, remain constant thereafter. Since dental arches are also formed during the same prenatal period, it is believed that the similar genetic factors may be involved in formation of dental arches and dermal patterns. This study was conducted to identify the association if any between type of dental arch forms and type of dermatoglyphic patterns. If specific dermal characteristics exist in individuals with specific dental arch forms, dermatoglyphic assessment of long standing edentulous subjects may help identify the patients preexisting dental arch form and thus aid in proper tooth arrangement. Ninety dentulous subjects were categorized into three groups on the basis of dental arch form (square, tapering or ovoid) and their finger and palm prints were recorded. The type of fingertip patterns, distribution of palmar patterns, Total Finger Ridge Count and angle atd were assessed. Subjects with square arches demonstrated a significantly high frequency of loops and a large atd angle with palmar patterns being most frequent in I3 region. Subjects with tapering arches showed a high frequency of whorls, a small atd angle and greatest distribution of palmar patterns in I4 region. In ovoid arched subjects, loops were the most common and palmar patterns were mostly observed in I4. Since distinctive dermal patterns were observed in subjects with different dental arch forms, it is believed that dermatoglyphics may be used as a reliable tool for identifying original arch form in edentulous patients.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-013-0328-9
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, radiation therapy has been used with increasing frequency in the management of neoplasms of the head and neck region. Brachytherapy is a method of radiation treatment in which sealed radioactive sources are used to deliver the dose a short distance by interstitial (direct insertion into tissue), intracavitary (placement within a cavity) or surface application (molds). Mold brachytherapy is radiation delivered via a custom-fabricated carriers, designed to provide a more constant and reproducible geometry for source positioning. Radiation carriers are customized to fit the patient in a comfortable, stable, and retentive manner to ensure maximal therapeutic radiations to the desired location and in addition sparing the normal surrounding tissues due to rapid fall-off radioactivity thus minimizing postreatment sequelae of irradiation. This clinical report describes a method of fabrication of a customized radiation carrier or mold for a patient suffering from squamous cell carcinoma of right ring finger, planned to undergo brachytherapy (surface mold therapy). This paper highlights the role and responsibility of the prosthodontist in fabricating the carrier and to maintain the predetermined position of the hollow tubes (catheters) within the mold to remain in the exact position as determined by the radiation oncologist for required results.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0250-6
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    ABSTRACT: Oro-nasal fistula is the most common complication following the surgical closure of the cleft palate. Retention is the paramount factor in the successful prosthodontic habilitation of cleft palate patients. Various precision attachments have provided us with the opportunity to make the prosthesis fixed removable type; giving a double advantage to the patient i.e. comfort through fixed type and easy maintenance through removal type. This case report describes a case of oro-nasal fistula habilitated with an obturator attached to Andrew’s bridge, which had good retention and esthetics.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0233-7
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    ABSTRACT: The size, color, morphology and arrangement of the anterior tooth are the various factors play an imperative role in achieving excellent esthetics in complete denture. Various modalities have been suggested for selecting the size of the anterior teeth like inter-alar distance, inter-canthal distance, bi-zygomatic width, intercanine width. There is no reliable method for selection of anterior teeth etc. To evaluate and compare the width of the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth with the length of the index and little fingers. total of 50 people were taken for this study. They are grouped into four, Group I, 15–20 years; Group II, 20–30 years; Group III, 30–40 years; Group IV, 40–50 years. Irreversible hydrocolloid impressions of the maxilla and mandible were made and poured with dental stone. The widths of the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth were measured with an adaptable ruler. The length of the index and little fingers were measured using a vernier caliper. There is significant correlation between the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth with the index and little finger length. Conclusion: The maxillary anterior teeth width can be calculated with the formula (1.130 × index finger length − 11.972), mandibular anterior teeth width can be calculated with the formula (1.006 × little finger length − 2.231).
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0221-y
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    ABSTRACT: As more and more dental practitioners are focusing on implant-supported fixed restorations, some clinicians favor the use of cement retained restorations while others consider screw-retained prosthesis to be the best choice. As both types of prostheses have certain advantages and disadvantages, clinicians should be aware of the limitations of each type. Screw-retained implant restorations have an advantage of predictable retention, retrievability and lack of potentially retained sub-gingival cement. However, a few disadvantages exist such as precise placement of the implant for optimal and esthetic location of the screw access hole and obtaining passive fit. On the other hand, cement retained restorations eliminates unaesthetic screw access holes; have passive fit of castings; reduce stress to splinted implants because of minor misfit of the framework; reduced complexity of lab procedures; enhanced esthetics; reduced cost factors and non disrupted morphology of the occlusal table. This case report presents the replacement of missing left central incisor using screw-retained implant prosthesis due to palatal trajectory of the implant placement and inadequate abutment height for retention of cement retained prosthesis.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0188-8
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    ABSTRACT: Maxillofacial prostheses for acquired defects have become more complex and sophisticated with advances in surgical, physical, and rehabilitative dentistry, but before planning, orofacial structures must be analyzed as to the specific cause and the consequent objectives of rehabilitation. Also retention of facial prostheses is very much challenging. Hence, we are presenting the fabrication of an interim prosthesis obturator and cheek prosthesis to restore the speech, help in deglutition and prevent drooling of saliva.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 09/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0238-2
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    ABSTRACT: Auricular prostheses for defects of external ear are retained either by mechanical means or implants. All implant retained prostheses are retained by various means such as bar and clip, magnetic attachments or a combination of bar, clip and magnets. The commonest problem encountered with the bar and clip system is loosening of the clip after 3–4 months. When magnets are used as retaining component they tend to corrode over a period of time. So various alternative retention methods which possess good retentive qualities, ease of reparability and patient friendly were tried. In the present case a newly modified Hader bar design which can act as an additional retentive feature apart from the clip is employed to increase retention. The major advantages in the modified Hader bar system were that only two implants were employed, the additional loops in the Hader bar prevented micro movements and the retentive acrylic locks were easy to repair if broken. The modified Hader bar has anti-rotational slots which prevents the sliding or rotation of the prosthesis which gave new confidence to the patient who was otherwise worried of inadvertent displacement of the ear prosthesis while playing.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 06/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-013-0277-3
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    ABSTRACT: The restoration of endodontically treated teeth requires the fabrication of a post and core; to provide retention and support for the final crowns. The purpose of this study was to evaluate fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with prefabricated zirconia post (CP), milled zirconia post (MZ), pressable ceramic post (PC) and cast metal post (Ni–Cr) of 1.4 and 1.7 mm diameter. 48 freshly extracted human maxillary central incisors were used for this study. The teeth were distributed in four groups of 12 teeth each. From each group, 6 teeth were selected for 1.4 mm diameter post and rest of the 6 teeth, is selected for 1.7 mm diameter post. All teeth were restored with metal crowns. Each specimen from the group was subjected to “load to fracture” in universal testing machine at 130° angle and the maximum load at failure was recorded. Statistically significant difference was found between the failure load of the groups studied. In group I (Ni–Cr)—1.4 mm diameter post and core recorded a maximum fracture load of 534.83 ± 1.28 N and 1.7 mm diameter post and core showed 294.33 ± 1.02 N. In group II (PC)—1.4 mm diameter post and core recorded a maximum fracture load of 205.33 ± 1.61 N and 1.7 mm post and core showed 375.00 ± 1.57 N. In group III (CP)—1.4 mm diameter post and cores recorded a maximum fracture load of 313.00 ± 0.73 N and 1.7 mm post and core showed 638.67 ± 0.81 N. In group IV (MZ)—1.4 mm diameter post and cores recorded a maximum fracture load of 312.00 ± 0.86 N and 1.7 mm post and core showed 415.00 ± 0.89 N. Prefabricated zirconia post (1.7 mm) with pressable ceramic core (Cosmo post)—exhibited higher fracture resistance. Milled zirconia and prefabricated zirconia post—showed same value with 1.4 mm diameter post. Pressable ceramic post and core showed satisfactory result with 1.7 mm post, but showed lesser values with 1.4 mm diameter post.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 06/2014; 14(2). DOI:10.1007/s13191-013-0346-7
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    ABSTRACT: Cranial defects result either from trauma or after intentional osteocraniotomies or external decompression craniectomies. These defects occur most frequently during wartime, but their incidence during peacetime, as a result of accident or disease, makes knowledge of cranioplasty useful to the interested practitioner. Most cranial defects will have some variable proportion of cosmetic and mechanical aspects, and the decision regarding cranioplasty must be influenced by the patient’s age, prognosis, activity level and the specific conditions of the scalp and calvarium. This case report is oriented towards post-traumatic restoration of large cranial defect with alloplastic heat-cure poly methyl methacrylate resin material.
    The Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society 06/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13191-012-0185-y