Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Indian Academy of Neurology, Medknow Publications

Journal description

The Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology-AIAN is the official journal of the Indian Academy of Neurology. Our aim is to serve as a medium for dissemination of information and contribute to the advancement of knowledge in neurosciences.

Current impact factor: 0.51

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 0.514
2011 Impact Factor 0.928
2010 Impact Factor 0.415

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 2.80
Immediacy index 0.08
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology website
Other titles AIAN
ISSN 0972-2327
OCLC 67612625
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Medknow Publications

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Non-commercial
    • Publisher's version/PDF may be used
    • Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike License
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • All titles are open access journals
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cerebral fat embolism (CFE) is an uncommon but serious complication following orthopedic procedures. It usually presents with altered mental status, and can be a part of fat embolism syndrome (FES) if associated with cutaneous and respiratory manifestations. Because of the presence of other common factors affecting the mental status, particularly in the postoperative period, the diagnosis of CFE can be challenging. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain typically shows multiple lesions distributed predominantly in the subcortical region, which appear as hyperintense lesions on T2 and diffusion weighted images. Although the location offers a clue, the MRI findings are not specific for CFE. Watershed infarcts, hypoxic encephalopathy, disseminated infections, demyelinating disorders, diffuse axonal injury can also show similar changes on MRI of brain. The presence of fat in these hyperintense lesions, identified by MR spectroscopy as raised lipid peaks will help in accurate diagnosis of CFE. Normal brain tissue or conditions producing similar MRI changes will not show any lipid peak on MR spectroscopy. We present a case of CFE initially misdiagnosed as brain stem stroke based on clinical presentation and cranial computed tomography (CT) scan, and later, MR spectroscopy elucidated the accurate diagnosis.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150604
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    ABSTRACT: A 22-year-old male student with no past medical illness, presented with acute onset dysarthria, binocular diplopia, and dysphagia over 10 hours. On examination, he had tachycardia, hypertension, generalized hyper-reflexia, and bilateral pupil sparing oculomotor, troclear, abducens, trigeminal, facial, glossopharyngeal, and vagus nerve palsy. Rest examination was unremarkable. Facial nerve conduction study (NCS) showed decreased amplitude bilaterally and neurogenic pattern on electromyography. Limb NCS, repetitive nerve stimulation, neostigmine test, brain magnetic resonance imaging, cerebrospinal fluid, and biochemical tests were normal. Only positive tests were low thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) (<0.01), high free T3 (19.2 pmol/L), and high free T4 (39.2 pmol/L). Thyroid ultrasonography, anti-thyroid peroxidase, and anti-thyroglobulin antibody were normal. Patient was treated with anti-thyroid drugs, with which he completely recovered in 2 months. Though many cases with thyrotoxic myopathy have been reported, only few mention neuropathic cause of dysphagia or polyneuritis cranialis. Getting done thyroid function tests may be helpful in patients with polyneuritis cranialis of uncertain etiology.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150625
  • Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.152088
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    ABSTRACT: Utilisation Behaviour (UB) denotes the appropriate usage of an object by a patient, however at an inappropriate situation. Patients are compelled by the visual, visual-tactile presentation to grasp and use the object kept in front of them. UB is observed in patients having unilateral or bilateral frontal lesions. It is considered to be an extension of magnetic apraxia, which is defined as bilateral manual grasping behavior. The proposed hypothesis is that in frontal lesions there is suppression of the inhibitory effect of frontal lobe on parietal lobe. Neurological models to explain this phenomenon to occur as a result of loss of inhibitory biological system within the brain. A disturbance of balance between the patient's dependence on and independence from the outside world is believed to be present in such cases. From a cognitive point of view, three models have been described. Since its first description by Lhermitte in 1983, UB remains to be an interesting neurological phenomenon. We present a case of UB in a patient of fronto-temporal dementia and also summarise the neurological and cognitive models that explain this behaviour.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150613
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    ABSTRACT: Encephalitis due to antibodies to voltage gated potassium channel (VGKC) typically presents with limbic encephalitis and medial temporal lobe involvement on neuroimaging. We describe a case of 13 year girl female with encephalitis due to antibodies to VGKC with signal changes in the cerebellar dentate nuclei bilaterally and clinical features that suggested predominant cerebellar involvement. These have never been reported previously in the literature. Our case expands the phenotypic spectrum of this rare condition.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150623
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    ABSTRACT: Basal ganglia stroke is known following trivial head trauma. Recently a distinct clinic-radiological entity termed 'mineralizing angiopathy' was described. We report an infant who developed basal ganglia stroke following trivial fall. His clinic-radiological features are described.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150619
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    ABSTRACT: The course of myasthenia gravis (MG) is complicated by increased reports of cognitive defects in both human and animal models, which suggests potential central nervous system (CNS) damage. We conducted a systematic review of the relationships between MG and cognitive function. This systematic review followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Major databases were searched to examine the neuropsychological studies of adults with MG. Weighted effect sizes were pooled by cognitive domain. Eight studies representing 300 subjects were included. Eight cognitive domain categories were identified: (i) Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), (ii) language, (iii) processing speed, (iv) verbal learning and memory, (v) visual learning and memory, (vi) attention span, (vii) response fluency, and (viii) motor performance. Nine (cognitive domain categories, MMSE, language, processing speed, verbal learning and memory (except for delayed recall memory), and motor performance) of 16 cognitive tasks revealed significant moderate effect sizes. Verbal logical-delayed memory, finger tapping with the preferred hand, and the Symbol Digit Modalities Test showed a greater magnitude relationship to cognitive function than did other specific cognitive domains. Verbal learning and memory seems to be the most significant affected according to cognitive domain categories. For MG, the ability of attention, response fluency, visual learning, and memory seems to be reserved. The MG patients seem to perform significantly worse than the non-MG controls in a range of cognitive domains. Our findings should be interpreted with caution because of the clinical and methodological heterogeneity of included studies.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; 18(2):131. DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.156560
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    ABSTRACT: To assess walking ability of spinal cord injury (SCI) patients and observe its correlation with functional and neurological outcomes. The present prospective, observational study was conducted in a tertiary research hospital in India with 66 patients (46 males) between January 2012 and December 2013. Mean age was 32.62 ± 11.85 years (range 16-65 years), mean duration of injury was 85.3 ± 97.6 days (range 14-365 days) and mean length of stay in the rehabilitation unit was 38.08 ± 21.66 days (range 14-97 days) in the study. Walking Index for spinal cord injury (WISCI II) was used to assess ambulation of the SCI patients. Functional recovery was assessed using Barthel Index (BI) and Spinal Cord Independence Measures (SCIM). Neurological recovery was assessed using ASIA impairment scale (AIS). We tried to correlate ambulatory ability of the patients with functional and neurological recovery. Ambulatory ability of the patients improved significantly using WISCI II (P < 0.001) when admission and discharge scores were compared (1.4 ± 3.5 vs 7.6 ± 6.03). Similarly, functional (BI: 31.7 ± 20.5 vs 58.4 ± 23.7 and SCIM: 29.9 ± 15.1 vs 56.2 ± 20.6) and neurological recovery were found to be very significant (P < 0.001) when admission vs discharge scores were compared. Improvement in WISCI II scores was significantly correlated with improvement in neurological (using AIS scores) and functional status (using BI and SCIM scores) (P < 0.001). Significant improvement was seen in WISCI II, BI, and SCIM scores after in-patient rehabilitation. Improvement in WISCI II scores also significantly correlated with functional and neurological recovery.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150605
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    ABSTRACT: Low rates of thrombolysis for ischemic stroke in India and other developing countries have been attributed to delays in presentation to the hospital. A prospective study was carried out during a 12-month period ending December 2012 in the department of Neurology, Malabar Institute of Medical Sciences, Kerala, India, to look for the factors contributing to delay in hospital arrival of patients with acute stroke. Patients and or their relatives were interviewed within 48 hours of admission using a structured questionnaire. A total of 264 patients attending the emergency department were included. There were 170 men and 94 women. The mean age was 61.5 ± 12.4 years. A total of 67 (25%) patients presented within 4 hours of stroke onset. Factors associated with early arrival (multivariate logistic regression analysis) were distance 15 km or less from hospital (P 0.03, odds ratio (OR) 2.7), directly reaching the stroke department (P < 0.001, OR 9.7), history of coronary artery disease (P 0.001, OR 3.84), higher educational status (P 0.001, OR 3.7), and presence of hemiplegia (P 0.001, OR 5.5). We found a considerable delay in the early arrival of patients to our stroke department. Health promotion strategies to improve community awareness of early symptoms of stroke, education of local physicians about the importance of early referrals to the stroke centers, and wider availability and use of ambulance services are promising methods to help expedite presentation to hospital post stroke and thereby improve the management of stroke in India.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150627
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    ABSTRACT: Tourette's syndrome is a clinical condition characterized by multiple motor tics and vocal tics which occurs in the age range 5-25 years and the intensity of the symptoms changes with time. It is felt that at least two remarkable personalities namely, Dr. Samuel Johnson from England, a man of letters and the compiler of the first ever English dictionary, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart from Austria, one of the greatest musical genius of all time, possibly suffered from this condition. Tourette's syndrome is often described as the classical borderzone between neurology and psychiatry and every neurologist wonders at the curious and fascinating clinical features of this condition. It seems that at least two remarkable personalities, Dr. Samuel Johnson, a man of letters and the first person to compile an English dictionary, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, arguably the most creative musical composer of all time, were possibly afflicted with this condition.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; 18(2):157. DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.145288
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    ABSTRACT: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is rapidly becoming one of the most common clinical manifestations affecting the elderly and represents an heterogeneous clinical syndrome that can be ascribed to different etiologies; the construct of MCI in Parkinson's disease (PD) (MCI-PD) is more recent but the range of deficits is still variable. Early recognition and accurate classification of MCI-PD could offer opportunities for novel therapeutic interventions to improve the natural pathologic course. To investigate the clinical phenotype of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and in patients with PD and MCI (MCI-PD). Seventy-three patients with aMCI and in 38 patients with MCI-PD were enrolled. They all underwent Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), the Rey auditory-verbal learning test and the immediate visual memory (IVM) item of the Mental Deterioration Battery, the Rey auditory-verbal learning test included the Rey-immediate (Rey-I), and the delayed recall of the word list (Rey test deferred, Rey-D). The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used for mood assessment. The results of the Rey-I and Rey-D and of the IVM item showed statistically significant differences between the aMCI and the MCI-PD group. The mean Rey-I and Rey-D score was significantly lower as well as the IVM score was higher in patients with aMCI than in those with MCI-PD, aMCI patients showed greater impairment in long-term memory, whereas more aMCI than MCI-PD patients had preserved attention, computation, praxis, and conceptualization. Our findings demonstrate that the cognitive deficit profile is specific for each of the two disorders: Memory impairment was a typical feature in aMCI patients while MCI-PD patients suffered from executive functions and visuospatial attention deficits.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150611
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    ABSTRACT: Minipolymyoclonus has been described in both anterior horn cell disorders and central nervous system degenerative conditions. While its etiology remains unclear and speculative, a central generator has been previously proposed. We describe a case of bulbospinal muscular atrophy (Kennedy's disease), where minipolymyoclonus-like movements corresponded to fasciculations in neurophysiological studies. Our novel finding suggests that the etiologies of minipolymyoclonus in central and peripheral nervous system disorders are distinct, despite outward clinical similarity. The term "minipolyfasciculations" may be more reflective of the underlying process causing minipolymyoclonus-like movements in lower motor neuron disorders.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150624
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    ABSTRACT: Limbic encephalitis (LE) is a neurological syndrome that may present in association with cancer, infection, or as an isolate clinical condition often accompanying autoimmune disorders. LE associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (anti-GAD) is rare in children. Here, we characterized the clinical and laboratory features of a patient presenting with brainstem involvement with non-paraneoplastic LE associated with anti-GAD antibodies. In our patient, after plasma exchange, we determined a dramatic improvement of the neurological deficits.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150628
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    ABSTRACT: Serotonin syndrome (SS) is an under diagnosed and under reported condition. Mild SS is easily overlooked by physicians. Every patient with mild SS is a potential candidate for developing life-threatening severe SS because of inadvertent overdose or the addition of the second serotonergic drug. Herein, we describe 12 patients with mild SS observed over 12 months in neurology outpatient clinic. It is a retrospective chart review of 12 consecutive patients who had hyperreflexia with tremor (defined as mild SS Hunter's criteria) and had received serotonergic agents in the past 5 weeks. Only four patients (33%) reported tremor as a presenting or main feature. The presenting features in another eight patients were: Dizziness, generalized body pain, headache, and seizure. Five patients responded to the removal of the offending agents and got a complete response in 2-7 days. There were no or minimal responses in another seven patients to the removal of the serotonergic drugs. Cyproheptadine was started in these patients, at the dose of 8 mg three times daily. Response started within 1-3 days of initiation of the drug and the complete responses were noted in 5-14 days. There were no side effects from cyproheptadine in any patient. We suggest that any patient on serotonergic drug developing new symptoms should be examined for the presence of tremor, hypertonia, hyperreflexia, and clonus to look for mild SS. In addition, every patient on any serotonergic drug should be examined for the presence of mild SS before escalating the dose or before adding a new one.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 04/2015; DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.150612