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    ABSTRACT: Innovative approaches have enhanced and increased the importance and quality of engineering education. In this context, using new techniques and software provides flexible and effective results. In this paper, a web-based educational learning object repository (LOR) software tool, namely Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Nesne Ambari (Sdunesa), was developed for computer engineering education. This software uses a developmental research method, which is also a derivative of the design-based research method. The developed web-based educational Sdunesa tool is used to store and share learning objects (LO) and their metadata. Moreover, the developed software tool is metadata independent by the help of metadata conversion engine and Extensible Markup Language (XML) web services. To achieve these features, the Sdunesa tool was developed with web 2.0 technologies. Sdunesa is dedicated to the computer engineering field. Qualitative and quantitative research analyses of the software are applied to the students and instructors for evaluation purposes and to demonstrate that the developed software is beneficial for computer engineering education.
    Anthropologist 01/2014; 17(3):883-893.
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Issues of student throughput and graduation rates are issues of concern in many South African universities. Numerous intervention programmes are put in place to assist students to progress well with their studies and curb failure and subsequent drop out from degree programmes. Student mentoring is one such intervention. The purpose of this study was to establish trained mentors’ reflections of their contact with mentees in a pilot student mentoring programme in a South African University. The study adopted a wholly qualitative approach in which a purposefully selected sample of 42 mentors participated in the study. Data were collected through document analysis of mentors’ weekly reports and postings to a Facebook page were read and analysed. Data were analysed through content analysis of emerging themes. The study found that although the mentors were positive about the establishment of a student support programme, they were concerned about schedules, communication between themselves and the Teaching and Learning Unit and between mentors and mentees. The level of commitment by mentees and the impact that the programme had on assessment were found questionable. In conclusion mentors agree that this programme is important in this context but more still needs to be attended to, to improve the system. The paper provides a list of recommendations that the university needs to take into account to provide a more effective student support programme.
    Anthropologist 01/2014; 17(2):367-376.
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT The study sought to establish lecturers’ views on factors affecting students’ performance in one School in a South African University. This qualitative study utilised a case study design in which twenty-three purposefully selected practising lecturers participated in the study. Data were collected through individual interviews with participating lecturers in one School in a rural-based university in South Africa. Interview proceedings were audio-taped, transcribed and analysed. The results were cross-checked with the participants. Data were analysed through content analysis where emerging themes were noted. The study found that there were numerous positive factors that affected students’ academic performance that included the existence of some lecturers with teaching qualifications and some who had attended professional development courses in teaching, assessment and moderation, the use of varied ways of presenting module content and effective handling of assessment and feedback. There were also negative factors such as general students’ under-preparedness, inability to use available resources, the unavailability of teaching and learning space, laboratories as well as students challenges in academic writing and study skills. The study concludes that positive factors should be tapped to improve student academic performance while negative factors need redress. Recommendations were made in the light of key findings of the study.
    Anthropologist 01/2014; 17(2):409-420.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to investigate secondary and high school teacher perceptions about integrating educational computer games into their lessons. The participants consist of teachers who work at the 26 different secondary and high schools in Turkey. Two survey instruments were used to collect data from 581 participants. Data was analyzed using t-test, ANOVA test, Chi-square. Content analysis was also conducted to analyze the interview data. The findings revealed teachers who use educational games in their classes are more positive than the teachers who do not incorporate educational games in their lessons. Furthermore, secondary school teachers were more positive towards integrating educational games in their courses than high schools teachers. While teachers expressed their willing to use educational computer games in their courses, the negative aspects of computer games come to the fore according to the teacher perceptions.
    Anthropologist 02/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: This paper deals with religious life of Thachanadan Moopan, a tribal group of Wayanad, Kerala, with an intention to focus upon the changes that are taking place in their life, especially in the religious sphere. They still practice some traditional elements of culture. Traditionally, they believed in ancestral spiri ts and they have their own deities. The social and political structure of the traditional Thacahandan Moopan completely is contingent with the religious beliefs and practices. Traditional religious pattern and behavior is mainly based on the myths, sacred and secular performances, sorcery witchcraft etc. The present study focuses on the changes happening in the religious life of Thachandan Moopan. The main research questions were: What are the factors that lead to religious mobility? What are the subsequent changes appearing in the social institutions after religious mobility? It is revealed that the close cultural contacts and the socio-psychological conditions are the strong determinants for their option for other religions such as Hinduism and Christianity. The major factors for such adoptions are the influence of missionaries, mass media and the longing to move upwards in the social stratum. To be equal with the other plains people, they have to imitate them because they are surrounded by the vast environment of Hinduism. Education and medical camps are the attracting factors behind Christianity. The process of Hinduizat ion and Christianization is increasing day by day fragmenting Thachanadan Moopan into segregated smaller groups with new identities.
    Anthropologist 03/2012;