Journal of Camel Practice and Research (J CAMEL PRACT RES )

Description

  • Impact factor
    0.13
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    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    0.16
  • Cited half-life
    0.00
  • Immediacy index
    0.04
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.03
  • Website
    Journal of Camel Practice and Research website
  • Other titles
    Journal of Camel Practice and Research
  • ISSN
    0971-6777
  • OCLC
    36974530
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sire evaluation through estimation of breeding value was done for seven dromedary sires utilizing 74 lactation records spanning over last five years. The average daily milk production (Mean ± SEM) from two-teat was 3.13±0.15 litres and 300 days’ yield was 905.18±46.3 litres. The effect of breed on daily milk production and 300 days’ yield was non-significant (P>0.05) but the effect of parity was significant (P<0.05) with highest production in third parity (3.54±0.24 litres). The effect of year was also highly significant with highest average daily production in the year 2008 (4.02±0.28 litres). The unadjusted two-teat average daily milk yield and the 300 days’ milk yield was utilized for the estimation of random effect due to sire and fixed effects due to parity and year after deleting records of progeny with unknown sires. The breeding values for sires used ranged from 2.88±0.25 to 3.42±0.23 litres for daily milk yield and 828.78±72.00 to 975.93±67.13 litres for 300 days’ yield. Though, the mean ± 1 standard deviation (S.D.) encompassed the entire range of the breeding values of all the sires evaluated, still the top ranking sires or their progeny may be preferred over others. The repeatability of average daily milk yield and 300 days ‘yield was estimated to be 0.40 and 0.39 respectively, indicating the potential use present performance as an indicator of future performance. In order to rank the females, the production data was adjusted for the significant effects of parity and year. The overall mean ± standard deviation for the two-teat average daily yield was 3.18 ± 0.70 litres and that for 300 days’ yield was 922.9 ± 211.2 litres. The animals below mean – 1 S.D. may be culled and the animals above mean + 1 SD may be utilized for the production of more number of progeny over a period of time utilizing advanced reproductive techniques. With the reduction in cost of thorough put sequencing, appropriate phenotype measurement coupled with selection of diverse animals may help us in identifying associated markers of high genetic merit for subsequent utilization in the breeding programme.
    Journal of Camel Practice and Research 06/2014; 21(1):93-98.
  • Journal of Camel Practice and Research 12/2013; 19(2):259.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT The pharmacokinetic disposition of marbofloxacin and danofloxacin was studied in camels following a high dosage administration as a single-dose (one shot) in a two-period crossover studies. Marbofloxacin was administred by intramuscular and intravenous routes @ 8mg/kg body weight. Danofloxacin was administred by sub-cutaneous and intravenous routes s@ 6mg/kg body weight. Concentrations of both fluoroquinolones were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and the data were subjected to kinetics analysis. The plasma disposition of marbofloxacin was best described by a tri-compartmental for intravenous and a bicompartmental open model with first-order for intramuscular dosing. The Peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of 39.80 ± 11,29 mg/l was reached at (Tmax) 1,16 ± 0,460 h after intamuscular administration. The elimination half-life (t1/2 β) and area under curve of concentration (AUC) were 11.97 ± 3.84 h and 320.65 ± 67.93 mg h/l, respectively. Danofloxacin achieved maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) after sub-cutaneous administration of 27.61 ± 5.00 mg /l at (Tmax) 2.54 ± 1.51h. The distribution half-life (t1/2 β) value of 33.77 ± 32.68 h was obtained for danofloxacin. These data were used together with in vivo pharmacokinetic parameters; Cmax and AUC to determine the surrogate markers of antimicrobial activity; Cmax/MIC and AUC/MIC. Taking into account the values obtained for these markers, it was concluded that an intramuscular dose of 8 mg/kg of marbofloxacin and a sub-cutaneous dose of 6mg/kg of danofloxacin could be adequate for the treatment of infectious diseases caused by high susceptible bacteria such Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida in camels. Key words: Camels, danofloxacin, fluoroquinolones, marbofloxacin, pharmacokinetic
    Journal of Camel Practice and Research 12/2013; 20(2):245-250.
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    ABSTRACT: The current study was undertaken to evaluate the validity of immunohistochemistry in the proportional labeling of the diverse components of the lactating and non-lactating mammary gland in the camel (Camelus dromedaries). Paraffin-embedded sections of lactating and non-lactating mammary glands were stained by conventional and histochemical techniques. Primary antibodies against S100, alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and cytokeratin (Ck) were applied on paraffin sections. The spatial distribution of different proteins in the diverse compartments of lactating and non-lactating mammary tissue displayed a variable immunoreactivity (IR). The luminal epithelial cells showed binding sites only for S100 and Ck 8. The myoepithelial cells exhibited either a consistent IR (α-SMA) or variable IR (Ck 5 and S100). In conclusion, the intensity and distribution pattern of all proteins in the lactating gland are greater than in the non-lactating one. The functional relevance of the findings is interpreted. S100 and Ck proteins participate in secretory activities and in maintaining cellular integrity of luminal cells during lactation and non-lactation phases, respectively. Immunolocalization of α-SMA highlights the contractile capacities of myoepithelial cells reflecting their contractile function, Ck preserves their structural and physiological integrity at different phases, whereas the S100-IR displayed by them, especially during non-lactation phase, may lend support to the notion that myoepithelial cells provide a regenerative potential of the mammary epithelium.
    Journal of Camel Practice and Research 12/2013; 20(2):175-182.
  • Journal of Camel Practice and Research 06/2013; 20(1):7-9.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to find out gross and microscopic hepatic lesions of dromedary camels slaughtered in the central part of Iran. The grossly affected livers from 156 camels with different ages and unknown history were collected from freshly slaughtered animals at Najaf-Abad abattoir, Iran and examined grossly and histopathologically. The pathological changes observed were caseous necrosis and calcification (18.58%), hydatid cysts (12.17%), lipomatous lesion (3.2%), hepatocellular degeneration and pigmentation (5.1%), toxic hepatic lesions (1.92%), liver atrophy and fibrosis (1.28%), fascioliasis (1.28%), focal hepatic lipidosis, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis lesions, and haematoma, each one (0.64%). In the present study, focal caseous necrosis and hydatid cysts were the most common hepatic lesions in the examined camels. In some liver sections, partially degenerated parasitic ova and hydatid cysts were identified as cause of focal caseous necrosis and
    Journal of Camel Practice and Research 04/2013; 20(1):97 -100.
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken with a view to identify S. aureus organisms isolated from camel skin wounds by ribotyping and to study polymorphism in their two virulence genes viz. coa and spa, responsible for production of coagulase and protein A, respectively. All the 15 isolates in the study were ribotyped targeting 23S rRNA gene using species specific primers wherein a species specific amplicon of 1250 bp was produced. The polymerase chain reaction targeting coa gene produced only single amplicon in each isolate but of variable sizes. The frequency of amplicon of 600 bp was highest followed by amplicons of 710, 760 and 850 bp. The PCR amplification of X-region of spa gene produced amplicons of seven different sizes viz. 160, 180, 200, 260, 280, 300 and 500 bp with calculated number of 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11 and 19 repeats, respectively. Out of 15 isolates 14 produced only single amplicon whereas one isolate produced two amplicons of 200 and 500 bp size. In the present study most of the isolates possessed seven repeats of 24 bp in variable X-region of spa gene. The present investigation revealed presence of both pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains of S. aureus with polymorphism in both the virulence genes.
    Journal of Camel Practice and Research 04/2013; 19(2):129-134.
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    ABSTRACT: Eye is a homocentric system of lenses, which when combined in action form a very strong system of short focal length. Schematic eye models have been constructed for human, and many animals’ species but none has been published for the Arabian camel. This paper aimed to build a schematic model of adult Arabian camel eye based on ecobiometric values of live camels and describe its visual properties. Results indicated that the total refracting power of the corneal and lens systems are 28.48D and 37.53D respectively. The total refracting power of the whole optical system is 59.25D. The principle points H, H’ are 3.46 and 4.6 mm and the nodal points, N, N’ are 10.05 and 11.22 mm behind the anterior surface of the cornea. The focal points, F,F’ are -13.42 and 28.09 mm and the focal lengths, f, f’ are -16.88 and 23.47 mm. For the reduced eye; the average index of refraction inside the eye, n’= 1.3908 and the combined total dioptric power is +66D. The principle point, and the nodal point, are located 4 mm and 10.63mm behind the anterior surface of the cornea respectively. The focal points F, F’ are -13.42 and 28.1 mm, whereas the focal lengths f, f’ are -17.46 and 24.1 mm.
    Journal of Camel Practice and Research 01/2013; 20(1):71-77.
  • Journal of Camel Practice and Research 12/2012; 19(2):165-168.