Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry (IJCB) is a biannual (January and July) publication of the Association of Clinical Biochemistry of India (ACBI) . It covers the research areas in the field of Clinical Biochemistry, Pathological, Microbiological, Molecular, Cellular, Genetic and Bioinformatic concepts and other advanced techniques. The journal primary mission to serve the public interest in health care by providing leadership in clinical laboratory science to national professional societies, the diagnostics industry, government and non-government organization. This journal also acts as a bridge in various interdisciplinary areas of medicine. It covers laboratory accrediation programmes pertaining to health and disease.

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry (IJCB) website
Other titles Indian journal of clinical biochemistry (Online)
ISSN 0970-1915
OCLC 57184495
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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  • Classification
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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Increase in urine albumin excretion rate (AER) precede a fall in glomerular filtration rate in patients developing diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our results have shown that 7 (50 %) of diabetic and hypertensive individuals with decreased GFR do not have increased AER. In this cross-sectional study, we measured AER of 75 patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension by immunoturbidimetric method. We correlated the results with eGFR values obtained by Cockcroft-Gault and MDRD method. The method used was not a compensated method. We measured serum creatinine by modified Jaffe's kinetic method in autoanalyzer XL-600. Analysis of data showed positive correlation between eGFR and microalbuminuria by both the methods with eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Pearson's correlation co-efficient (r) was 0.9 (p = 0.0001) by Cockcroft-Gault formula and 0.69 (p = 0.0063) by MDRD formula. Our results concluded that there was positive correlation between AER and eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2). We have recognized that these two parameters provide a complimentary benefit in management of cases with CKD.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 07/2015; 30(3):271-4. DOI:10.1007/s12291-014-0439-z
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    ABSTRACT: We measured serum soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (sVEGFR1) and receptor 2 (sVEGFR2) levels in healthy Japanese individuals in order to establish a reference value using a specific ELISA. Significant differences were observed in serum sVEGFR1 and sVEGFR2 levels between children and adults. To demonstrate the usefulness of the reference value for children, we measured serum sVEGFR1 and sVEGFR2 levels in children with diarrhea positive (D+) hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) as a preliminary study. Serum sVEGFR2 levels in children with HUS were markedly higher than those in healthy children from the onset of D + HUS. The reference value for healthy children in the present study will allow normal and pathological conditions to be discriminated from each other in future study
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 07/2015; 30(3). DOI:10.1007/s12291-014-0463-z
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor lysis syndrome has been observed in patients with malignancies with high cellular burden and high cell turnover, tumor sensitive to therapy, especially after initiating medical treatment. It very rarely occurs spontaneously. The case described here is of 6 months male infant who presented with fever since 1 month and loose stools associated with blood since 15 days. The laboratory investigations showed lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) of 6,192 IU/L and serum uric acid 18.2 mg/dl along with pancytopenia. The infant presented with electrolyte abnormalities and renal failure.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 07/2015; 30(3). DOI:10.1007/s12291-014-0472-y
  • Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 05/2015; 30(3). DOI:10.1007/s12291-015-0509-x
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    ABSTRACT: Pathology laboratories group some tests that they perform on their high throughput biochemistry analysers into profiles of tests that are associated with different organs (e.g. liver function tests—LFT). The components of these profiles are historic and often vary between different laboratories. This can lead to confusion and begs the question of what should be in a particular profile. In community medicine profiles may be used as screening tests but some of the components of the profiles may have low sensitivity and specificity and may produce both false positives and negatives. The LFT may include components which are poor liver function tests but are sensitive to fatty liver and hence elevations may cause unnecessary concern. Harmonisation of clinical chemistry reference intervals and units is occurring now so it is time to consider a similar process for components of a profile. A proposed list of analytes to be performed in the LFT profile is given.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12291-015-0493-1
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    ABSTRACT: This study is designed to isolate and purify a novel anti-clotting protein component from the venom of Enhydrina schistosa, and explore its biochemical and biological activities. The active protein was purified from the venom of E. schistosa by ion-exchange chromatography using DEAE-cellulose. The venom protein was tested by various parameters such as, proteolytic, haemolytic, phospholipase and anti-coagulant activities. 80 % purity was obtained in the final stage of purification and the purity level of venom was revealed as a single protein band of about 44 kDa in SDS-polyacrylamide electrophoresis under reducing conditions. The results showed that the Potent hemolytic activity was observed against cow, goat, chicken and human (A, B and O positive) erythrocytes. Furthermore, the clotting assays showed that the venom of E. schistosa significantly prolonged in activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, and prothrombin time. Venomous enzymes which hydrolyzed casein and gelatin substrate were found in this venom protein. Gelatinolytic activity was optimal at pH 5–9 and 1H NMR analysis of purified venom was the base line information for the structural determination. These results suggested that the E. schistosa venom holds good promise for the development of novel lead compounds for pharmacological applications in near future.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12291-015-0500-6
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to understand the cigarette smoking-induced alterations in hormones and the resulting changes in platelet serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) and monoamine oxidase (MAO-B) activity in chronic smokers. Human male volunteers aged 35 ± 8 years, were divided into two groups, namely controls and smokers (12 ± 2 cigarettes per day for 7-10 years). Results showed that cigarette smoking significantly (p < 0.05) elevated plasma triiodothyronine (T3), cortisol and testosterone levels with significant (p < 0.05) reduction in plasma tryptophan and thyroxin (T4). Moreover, smokers showed reduced platelet 5-HT levels and MAO-B activity. In smokers, plasma cortisol was negatively correlated with tryptophan (r = -0.386), platelet MAO-B (r = -0.264), and 5-HT (r = -0.671), and positively correlated with testosterone (r = 0.428). However, testosterone was negatively correlated with platelet MAO-B (r = -0.315), and 5-HT (r = -.419) in smokers. Further, smokers plasma T3 levels were negatively correlated with platelet MAO-B (r = -0.398), and 5-HT (r = -0.541), whereas T4 levels were positively correlated with platelet MAO-B (r = 0.369), and 5-HT (r = 0.454). In conclusion, our study showed that altered testosterone and cortisol levels may aggravate behavior, mood disturbances and symptoms of depression by decreasing platelet 5-HT and MAO-B activity in smokers.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 04/2015; 30(2):204-9. DOI:10.1007/s12291-014-0425-5
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    ABSTRACT: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in Indian children of northern, western and southern states. Serum 25 hydroxy cholecalferol (ng/ml) was analyzed in 310 children and adolescents of pediatric hospital of Kolkata, India. Serum calcium (mg/dl), phosphorous (mg/dl) and alkaline phosphatase (IU/L) data was obtained. Median 25(OH)D was 19 ng/ml. 19.2 % of population had serum 25(OH)D < 10 ng/ml (severe deficiency), 52.9 % had <20 ng/ml (deficiency), 24.5 % had 20-29 ng/ml (insufficiency) and 22.6 % had >30 ng/ml (optimum). Deficiency was highest in adolescents (86.1 %), followed by school children (61.0 %), lowest in pre-school children (41.6 %). 25(OH)D concentrations was lowest in winters (P = 0.002) and spring (P = 0.03) compared to summer. There was no correlation with calcium (P = 0.99), phosphorous (P = 0.23) and ALP (P = 0.63). There is high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children and adolescents of eastern India. Prevalence was lower in younger subjects. 25(OH)D did not correlate with bone mineral markers.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 04/2015; 30(2):167-73. DOI:10.1007/s12291-014-0428-2
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, an important objective of cardiovascular research has been to find new markers that would improve the risk stratification and diagnosis of patients presenting with symptoms of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Established biomarkers for diagnosis of ACS includes troponins and creatine kinase MB (CK-MB). Pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) is an emerging marker which has been described as a marker of plaque instability. PAPP-A is a large metalloproteinase involved in insulin-like growth factor signaling and has been shown to be involved in pathological processes like atherosclerosis. Many studies have been published regarding release of PAPP-A in circulation during ACS. The objective of this study was to evaluate the role of PAPP-A as an early marker of ACS by comparing levels of PAPP-A in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and unstable angina (UA) with asymptomatic controls. The association of PAPP-A with markers of myocardial necrosis and the association of PAPP-A levels to the presence of risk factors for coronary artery disease was also studied. We measured PAPP-A levels in patients with AMI (30), UA (23) and asymptomatic controls (45). PAPP-A was estimated using PAPP-A US (ultra sensitive) ELISA manufactured by DRG (Germany). PAPP-A levels were significantly elevated in patients with AMI and in patients with UA (mean levels 64.26 ± 1.05 and 36.23 ± 1.05 ng/ml respectively; p < 0.001). Mean PAPP-A levels in controls were 10.68 ± 1.04 ng/ml. In UA cases PAPP-A levels were elevated when the troponin I and CK-MB levels were within the normal range. No correlation was observed between PAPP-A with markers of myocardial necrosis. PAPP-A can serve as a useful biomarker in the diagnosis of ACS, especially UA, where cardiac troponin levels and CK-MB levels are not elevated and ECG changes are inconclusive.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 04/2015; 30(2):150-4. DOI:10.1007/s12291-014-0421-9
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    ABSTRACT: It is known that there is a significant interplay of insulin resistance, oxidative stress, dyslipidemia, and inflammation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The study was undertaken to investigate the effect of turmeric as an adjuvant to anti-diabetic therapy. Sixty diabetic subjects on metformin therapy were recruited and randomized into two groups (30 each). Group I received standard metformin treatment while group II was on standard metformin therapy with turmeric (2 g) supplements for 4 weeks. The biochemical parameters were assessed at the time of recruitment for study and after 4 weeks of treatment. Turmeric supplementation in metformin treated type 2 diabetic patient significantly decreased fasting glucose (95 ± 11.4 mg/dl, P < 0.001) and HbA1c levels (7.4 ± 0.9 %, P < 0.05). Turmeric administered group showed reduction in lipid peroxidation, MDA (0.51 ± 0.11 µmol/l, P < 0.05) and enhanced total antioxidant status (511 ± 70 µmol/l, P < 0.05). Turmeric also exhibited beneficial effects on dyslipidemia LDL cholesterol (113.2 ± 15.3 mg/dl, P < 0.01), non HDL cholesterol (138.3 ± 12.1 mg/dl, P < 0.05) and LDL/HDL ratio (3.01 ± 0.61, P < 0.01) and reduced inflammatory marker, hsCRP (3.4 ± 2.0 mg/dl, P < 0.05). Turmeric supplementation as an adjuvant to T2DM on metformin treatment had a beneficial effect on blood glucose, oxidative stress and inflammation.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 04/2015; 30(2):180-6. DOI:10.1007/s12291-014-0436-2
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    ABSTRACT: Hemoglobin is a tetramer formed of two alpha and two beta globin chains. On exposure to high levels of blood glucose, hemoglobin gets non-enzymatically glycated at different sites in the molecule. HbA1c is formed when glucose gets added on to the N-terminal valine residue of the beta chain of hemoglobin. The development of chronic vascular complications of diabetes such as retinopathy, nephropathy and cardiovascular disease is intimately linked to the level of glycemic control attained by the individual with diabetes. We report a case of convulsions and monoplegia admitted to emergency department, showing unusually high glycated hemoglobin but plasma glucose not as high. The patient was not a known diabetic and we could not find any of the other documented conditions that are known to elevate glycated hemoglobin to such disproportionately high levels. Screening for abnormal hemoglobins was negative in the patient. Oral hypoglycemic drug treatment over 3 months and withdrawal of other medications only marginally lowered glycated hemoglobin.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 04/2015; 30(2):234-7. DOI:10.1007/s12291-014-0460-2
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    ABSTRACT: The present case report describes the molecular and proteomic based study of Hb variant HbE associated with β(+) thalassemia IVS 1-1 G>T, in a juvenile diabetic patient. Given the ethnic origin and mobility of the variant hemoglobin at alkaline pH, HbE would be suspected. But hematologically and clinically abnormality being detected, HPLC and Electrophoresis not being able to characterize due to retention time and band being in region of HbA2, respectively, further characterization of hemoglobinopathy was made using MALDI and IVS 1-1 G>T being validated by reverse dot blot hybridization. Capillary electrophoresis was also employed in order to separate HbE and HbA2 bands. This case report being first of its kind, wherein a HbE/β(+) thalassemia has been characterized using multiple techniques.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 04/2015; 30(2):238-42. DOI:10.1007/s12291-014-0461-1
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a term for a range of clinical signs and symptoms suggestive of myocardial ischemia. It results in functional and structural changes and ultimately releasing protein from injured cardiomyocytes. These cardiac markers play a major role in diagnosis and prognosis of ACS. This study aims to assess the efficacy of heart type fatty acid binding protein (h-FABP) as a marker for ACS along with the routinely used hs-TropT. In our observational study, plasma h-FABP (cut-off 6.32 ng/ml) and routinely done hs-Trop T (cutoff 0.1 and 0.014 ng/ml) were estimated by immunometric laboratory assays in 88 patients with acute chest pain. Based on the clinical and laboratory test findings the patients were grouped into ACS (n = 41) and non-ACS (n = 47). The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, NPV, PPV and ROC curve at 95 % CI were determined. Sensitivity of hs-TropT (0.1 ng/ml), hs-TropT (0.014 ng/ml) and h-FABP were 53, 86 and 78 % respectively and specificity for the same were 98, 73 and 70 % respectively. Sensitivity, specificity and NPV calculated for a cut-off combination of hs-TropT 0.014 ng/ml and h-FABP was 100, 51 and 100 % respectively. These results were substantiated by ROC analysis. Measurement of plasma h-FABP and hs-TropT together on admission appears to be more precise predictor of ACS rather than either hs-Trop T or h-FABP.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12291-015-0492-2
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    ABSTRACT: It is of great importance to establish an early diagnosis in multiplemyeloma(MM),Waldenstro¨m’smacroglobulinemia and other proliferative disorders of the plasma cells such as AL-amyloidosis, light chain disease. The level of monoclonal immunglobulins, which increases in these disorders, are accumulated in several organs mainly in the kidneys and this accumulation result in various pathological conditions [1]. Early diagnosis and treatment can be lifesaving in these patients. Monoclonal immunoglobulins and their free light chains are important diagnostic markers in the diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathies. Although there is an ongoing controversy as to whether the detection of free kappa/lambda
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 03/2015; 30(3). DOI:10.1007/s12291-015-0484-2
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    ABSTRACT: Discovery of differences in the formation of triose phosphate intermediates (TPint) and methylglyoxal (MG) by cell metabolism between mouse strains with identical levels of hyperglycemia suggested prospective importance to diabetes complications. To assess the possible relevance of triose phosphates [glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate and dihydroxyacetone phosphate] in modulating diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients. A case–control study was conducted among 131 unrelated T1DM with (59 patients) or without nephropathy (72 patients) and 146 non-diabetic controls. Using red blood cells, metabolites of glyoxalase system and triose phosphates were analyzed in deproteinated hemolysate samples. Suitable descriptive statistics was used for different variables. Cross-sectional measures of TPint/mol of glucose in red blood cells were significantly increased in nephropathy cohort relative to diabetic patients with normal albumin excretion/healthy controls (p
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12291-015-0486-0
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    ABSTRACT: Alkaptonuria (AKU) is a disorder of tyrosine metabolism. A rare disorder due to accumulation of homogentisic acid leading to progressive deposition of grey to bluish black pigment causing degenerative changes in cartilage. Medical interest of AKU is due to medical triad arthropathy, Ochronosis and Homogentisic aciduria. A 38 ½ years old male presented with complain of back pain, which persisted since last 8 months. Hyper-pigmentation of skin of chick, discolouration on ear cartilage and pigmentation of the conjunctiva on both eyes were observed. X-ray findings were normal except inter-vertebral disc calcification. Based on the results obtained from Clinical examination, X-ray findings and Biochemical investigations, diagnosis was confirmed as AKU. On screening family members additional four persons have been detected positive but, without any clinical symptoms. AKU, though rare it may occur in cluster among the family members.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12291-015-0488-y
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    ABSTRACT: The antidyslipidemic activity of Ocimum sanctum leaf extract was studied in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. In this model, there was significant increase in plasma markers of diabetic-dyslipidemia following diminution of lipid metabolizing enzymes. Oral administration of leaf extract (500 mg/kg b.w.p.o.) for 15 days resulted in significant decrease in diabetogenic and dyslipidemia parameters; namely blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, lipid peroxide, free fatty acids, small dense low density lipoprotein, lipid and protein components of plasma lipoproteins, adipose and liver. The regulation of lipids was accompanied by stimulation of postheparin lipolytic activity, reactivation of lecithin cholesterol acyl transferase and hepatic lipoprotein lipase enzymes. The results of the present study demonstrated antidyslipidemic and antioxidant activities in leaf extract of O. sanctum which could be used in prevention of diabetic-dyslipidemia and related complications.
    Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 01/2015; 30(1):72-77. DOI:10.1007/s12291-013-0404-2