International Journal of Aromatherapy

Publisher: Elsevier

Journal description

The journal exists for the benefit of all who have an interest in aromatherapy, the use of natural, aromatic plant oils in the pursuit of health and well being, whether mental, emotional, physical or aesthetic. The Editor welcomes contributions on any aspect of the study of fragrance or use of essential oils or their components which might be deemed of interest in a broad aromtherapy context. A section of the IJA is devoted to peer-reviewed papers, and full authors' instructions are available on request. The articles which appear do not necessarily represent the views of the Editor or the publishers. The IJA is published quarterly, is available only by subscription, and is currently read in over 40 countries.

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Website International Journal of Aromatherapy website
Other titles International journal of aromatherapy (Online), International journal of aromatherapy
ISSN 0962-4562
OCLC 45255119
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • International Journal of Aromatherapy 07/2013; 10(s 1–2):62–63. DOI:10.1016/S0962-4562(00)80012-0
  • LD
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 07/2013; 10(s 1–2):74. DOI:10.1016/S0962-4562(00)80017-X
  • International Journal of Aromatherapy 07/2013; 10(s 1–2):30–36. DOI:10.1016/S0962-4562(00)80006-5
  • RH
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 07/2013; 10(s 1–2):73–74. DOI:10.1016/S0962-4562(00)80016-8
  • EDC
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 07/2013; 10(s 1–2):72–73. DOI:10.1016/S0962-4562(00)80015-6
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    ABSTRACT: Ventilation systems often host bacteria and fungi that may be dangerous for the health of exposed people. Essential oils are one means among others to prevent microbial development. Used as a basis for many traditional therapies, these odorant plant extracts have been studied extensively in the medical domain and their effectiveness in the treatment of numerous pathologies has been demonstrated. As opposed to most antimicrobial agents currently used for air disinfection, essential oils are low in toxicity. With a view to proposing an indoor air purification method based on the germicidal and odorant properties of essential oils, we selected a pathogenic test strain and followed the AFNOR NF T72-281 standard. This protocol evaluates on a surfaces level, the disinfection efficacy of volatile antimicrobial agents on airborne contaminations such as bacteria, fungi and spores. The protocol was applied to one of the most active essential oils, mountain savory, and also to a solution of formaldehyde at a concentration of 40% called formol, a chemical reference in hospitals. We demonstrated that the gaseous phase of the essential oil of savory has a lethal effect on Staphylococcus aureus and it has a satisfying bacteria reduction rate close to the total disinfection achieved with evaporated formol.
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16(3-4). DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.10.002
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    ABSTRACT: We examined whether it was possible to practice hygienic massage by using six essential oils (eucalyptus, lavender, niaouli, sage, tea tree, and thyme linalool) that in previous studies or anecdotally have been found to have antibacterial effects. First, to determine the inhibitory properties of the six essential oils against 4.80 × 105 colony forming units (CFU) of strain ATCC-25923 of Staphylococcus aureus, we used a disc method to measure the inhibition zones. Niaouli and eucalyptus showed higher growth inhibitory effects. We then examined the results of using these two essential oils in seven different massage sessions. The niaouli and eucalyptus were each diluted to 1%, 3%, or 6% v/v with jojoba oil base and jojoba oil without any essential oil was used as a control. Bacterial samples were taken from the therapist’s palms and the subject’s skin, and the surviving bacteria were counted.The antibacterial effects were correlated in vitro with the concentration of the essential oil and massage sessions with niaouli oil were more hygienic than those with eucalyptus oil.
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16:175-179. DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2005.10.006
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    ABSTRACT: Adsorption of the major constituents of lavender, tea tree, lemongrass and thyme thymol essential oils on hairless mouse skin was determined in an aromatic bath. Adsorption occurred in a concentration-dependent manner. Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons showed the most dominant adsorption, especially in dilute solution. This was followed by the hydrophobic monoterpene hydrocarbon and ester. The relatively hydrophilic monoterpene alcohol, phenol and aldehyde constituents were poorly adsorbed. The same tendency was observed on hairy mice, mouse hairs, guinea pig hairs and human hairs. This selective adsorption of sesquiterpenes was not observed on natural rubber but observed on keratin, a major protein forming skin and hairs. When examined using the authentic compounds, the sesquiterpene hydrocarbon (β-caryophyllene) and the sesquiterpenols (farnesol, nerolidol, and bisabolol) exhibited the highest adsorption, while the monoterpene limonene and linalyl acetate showed moderate adsorption, and the monoterpenic camphor, linalool, perillaldehyde, and thymol showed low adsorption. Human hairs were suggested to be an alternative to mouse skin for adsorption studies of essential oils.
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16(2):75-83. DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.05.003
  • International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16(3):109-115. DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.09.009
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    ABSTRACT: This paper will seek to outline the development of aromatherapy as practised in France and Britain, will discuss the question of regulation and the position of British aromatherapy vis a vis the House of Lords Report [House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology, Complementary and Alternative Medicine HL paper 123; November 2000], the effect on these of therapists moving towards the internal and intensive use of essential oils and examine the potential changes that such practices may require in terms of training and regulation.
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16(2):85–88. DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.01.005
  • International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16(1):51–54. DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.01.008
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    ABSTRACT: This review examines the effect of menthol on thermoreceptors, firstly from a historical viewpoint leading to the characterisation of temperature-gated transient receptor channels and then by linking this activity to specific therapeutic effects. The underlying mechanisms involved in these effects, primarily by the dermal and respiratory administration of menthol, are explored.
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16:117-131. DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.09.010
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    ABSTRACT: Public and healthcare professionals’ interest in the use of aromatherapy to ease levels of psychological distress and improve the quality of life for cancer patients is greater than ever. Aromatherapy is increasingly incorporated into clinical practice, particularly in palliative care settings, and has been reported as the most commonly used complementary therapy within the NHS. Yet questions remain regarding the safety and efficacy of essential oil use and there are concerns around the evidence available to support actual benefits. Much of the evidence is anecdotal with a distinct lack of quantitative and objective data available, due to concerns about scientific research methods for complementary therapies. This article is a review of the literature relating to the safety and efficacy of aromatherapy use for cancer care, and will highlight methodological issues and implications for research. However, the primary aim is to provide cancer patients and their carers’ access to the body of information and research available, thereby enabling patient empowerment through choice and education.
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16(1):27-35. DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.01.003
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    ABSTRACT: The management of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) that occurs in 30% of all surgical cases is indispensable for a rapid recovery, patient comfort and the overall image of general anaesthesia. Currently, allopathic drugs proposed in surgery include major drugs such as morphine as well as analgesics of class IIB such as Nefopam and Tramadol. We wanted to demonstrate that it is possible to treat these negative effects of anaesthesia with a mixture of three essential oils via percutaneous application on the anterolateral aspect of the neck.This study comprised of 73 cases and used a mixture of Zingiber officinale (ginger), Elletaria cardamomum (cardamom) and Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon) essential oils in equal parts.The results were collected approximately 30 min following application as soon as the symptoms appeared in the theatre recovery room. Seventy five percent of cases had a favourable outcome. The best results were obtained with patients who had received a single drug that provoked the symptoms. In all other cases, results were reduced to a 50% success rate.
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16(1):15-20. DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.01.004
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    ABSTRACT: There is a strong need for new antifungal agents with a different mode of action due to the therapeutic limitations of existing drugs and the development of fungal resistances ([NIAID, The second NIAID workshop in medical mycology: molecular and immunologic approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of systemic mycoses, (2001)]). Mammalians, plants and fungi produce at least different cell wall sterols from common precursors. No antifungal drug is known that specifically prevents the formation of the fungal ergosterol, without affecting sterol biosynthesis at early, common stages (DiDomenico, B., Novel antifungal drugs, Curr Opin Microbiol 1999;2:509–15; Walsh TJ, Viviani MA, Arathoon E, Chiou C, Ghannoum M, Groll AH, et al., New target and delivery systems for antifungal therapy, Med Mycol 2000;38(Suppl. I):335–47). To find new inhibitors that may inhibit ergosterol biosynthesis, a query of a database on antimicrobials (Pauli, A., AmicBase 2005. Weinheim, New York: Wiley, 2005a; Pauli, A., Anticandidal low molecular compounds from higher plants with special reference to compounds from essential oils. Med Res Rev doi:10.1002/med.20050; 2005b) was performed with substructures of intermediates of ergosterol biosynthesis. As a result a series of Candida albicans-inhibiting compounds were identified that all possess the side chain of zymosterol as a substructure; their anticandidal activity was found to be increased with increase of their molecular volume. The entire structure of the Chamomile constituent α-bisabolol is found as a substructure in similar form within zymosterol. It was therefore concluded that compounds of this type interfere with ergosterol biosynthesis at the level of zymosterol and prevent the formation of fecosterol from zymosterol, which is the first fungi specific step in ergosterol biosynthesis. Due to the low toxicity of α-bisabolol (Schilcher H, Wirkungsweise und Anwendungsformen der Kamillenblüten, BMV Berliner Medizinische Verlagsanstalt GmbH, Berlin; 2004) the compound comes into question as a therapeutic agent and may serve as a lead compound in the development of new antifungal drugs.
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; 16(1):21-25. DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.01.002
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    ABSTRACT: A selection of essential oils and components were tested in vitro for potential immunomodulating effects on natural killer cell activity (NKCA) and lymphocyte activation through CD69 expression.Matricaria recutita, Boswellia carteri, Pelargonium graveolens, Lavandula angustifolia, Citrus limon, Melaleuca alternifolia, Melaleuca viridiflora, Santalum spicatum, Cedrus atlantica, and Thymus vulgaris ct. linalool essential oils were solubilised with ethanol and methylated â-cyclodextrin 1:5:25 (w/v) and pre-incubated at 10 ìg/mL and 2 ìg/mL (M. alternifolia and C. atlantica: 2 and 1 ìg/mL) with human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) for 2 h. They were then incubated for 2 h with K562 target cells before determination of NKCA. The first 6 of these oils were similarly solubilised, pre-incubated for 2 h with aliquots of whole blood, then incubated with PHA for 4 h before measurement of CD69 antigen expression. Reference components á-pinene, S-(−)-limonene, linalool, geraniol, thymol, 1,8-cineole, linalyl acetate, eugenol, (+)-terpinen-4-ol, and trans-caryophyllene were solubilised with ethanol 1:5 and similarly tested.Dose-dependent stimulation of NKCA was found for trans-caryophyllene and linalyl acetate. No other effects of essential oils or components were found in these assays. Methylated â-cyclodextrin proved to be a less than ideal agent for enhancing solubility of essential oils, due to substantial effects on assay outcomes.
    International Journal of Aromatherapy 01/2006; DOI:10.1016/j.ijat.2006.09.006