International Journal of Environmental Health Research (INT J ENVIRON HEAL R )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


The International Journal of Environmental Health Research (IJEHR) is an international quarterly devoted to rapid publication of research in environmental health, acting as a link between the diverse research communities and practitioners in environmental health. Original research papers, technical notes and review articles, both invited and submitted, will be included. The International Editorial Board and strict refereeing procedures ensure that the Journal will maintain high scientific standards and international coverage. IJEHR publishes articles on all aspects of the interaction of the environment with human health. This interaction can broadly be divided into three areas. The natural environment and health (health implications and monitoring of air, water and soil pollutants and pollution and health improvements and air, water and soil quality standards). The built environment and health (occupational health and safety, exposure limits, monitoring and control of pollutants in the workplace, and standards of health). Communicable diseases (disease spread, control and prevention, food hygiene and control, and health aspects of rodents and insects). IJEHR is published in association with the International Federation of Environmental Health and includes news from the Federation of international meetings, courses and environmental health issues. The Journal is available to members of the IFEH for personal use at a special reduced rate.

  • Impact factor
    Show impact factor history
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research website
  • Other titles
    International journal of environmental health research (Online)
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 month embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals
    • 18 month embargo for SSH journals
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • Pre-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Post-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • Publisher will deposit to PMC on behalf of NIH authors.
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Air quality has seriously deteriorated as a consequence of population growth and urbanisation and respiratory diseases increased among residents of urban areas in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. An International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) study was conducted among children attending schools located in the selected sites to assess the potential impacts of air pollution on health. The results showed that the prevalence of asthma was similar in all of the schools (approximately 5%; p = 1.000) but that the prevalence of rhinitis [24.3% (CI = 19.4-30.1) vs. 15.7% (CI = 10.3-23.0); p = 0.029] and atopic dermatitis [12.5% (CI = 9.1-16.8) vs. 7.2% (CI = 3.7-12.6); p = 0.093)] was higher in the urban schools, which were exposed to more pollution. Logistic regression analysis identified factors that may be involved, including air pollution, some components of the diet and contact with animals.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 05/2008; 18(2):129-48.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Weather watch/warning systems have been established for human health outcomes. Our study aims to develop and demonstrate a weather watch/warning system for asthma and stroke within the whole of South Korea, using a stratified regression approach. We converted claim-based health insurance data covering almost all medical claims for the only health insurance system in Korea for asthma and stroke from 1996-2003 into personalized disease episode data, and combined them with meteorological data. We utilized a step-wise regression method using factors extracted from the meteorological data to develop stratified models for six (stroke) and nine (asthma) regional and day-of-week strata. Validation studies showed that the actual number of hospitalizations in 2003 increased according to the three-leveled predictions (levels I, II, and III) from the model based on the 1996-2002 data. This system is accessible via the internet ( at the Korean Meteorological Administration website.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 05/2008; 18(2):117-27.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim was to investigate the presence of leptospira infection and the antibiotic resistance of Enterobacteriaceae among wild rats living in a densely populated area. For this purpose 3-4 large traps were placed daily across the commercial port-front of Piraeus for the duration of two months. The rats captured were transferred in the laboratory alive, where samples were freshly collected. None of the 25 rats captured was found to be infected with leptospira. Only one rat was infected with Salmonella. Other predominant members of the family of Enterobacteriaceae were Escherichia coli, Proteus spp. and Klebsiella spp. Resistance to antimicrobial agents commonly used in veterinary treatment was very high for spectinomycin, erythromycin, neomycin and tetracycline in all tested species of Enterobacteriaceae. It appears that port rats living in the densely populated area of the city of Piraeus could become a source of infection for man and animals with microorganisms highly resistant to antimicrobial agents.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 05/2008; 18(2):159-64.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A case-control study to investigate whether women employed in nickel-exposed work areas in early pregnancy are at elevated risk of spontaneous abortion (SA). Data about pregnancy outcome and maternal factors were obtained about each delivery and SA from women in selected work places. Each pregnancy record was assigned a categorical nickel (Ni) exposure rating according to the women's occupations at pregnancy onset. The guidelines were the water-soluble Ni subfraction of the inhalable aerosol fraction obtained by personal monitoring for nickel- and copper-refinery workers or/and measured urinary-Ni concentrations. The unadjusted odds ratio for the association between the maternal exposure to Ni and an SA for Ni-exposed women was 1.38 (95% confidence interval: 1.04-1.84), and the adjusted was 1.14 (0.95-1.37). In conclusion, there was no statistical association between maternal occupational exposure to water-soluble Ni in early pregnancy and the risk of self-reported SA. The findings do not exclude the possibility of a weak excess risk, or a risk in the first weeks of pregnancy.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 05/2008; 18(2):99-115.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The potential harmful effects of glutaraldehyde on human health are well known, and in recent years various new substitutes for this compound have been proposed for the disinfection and thorough sterilization of medical instruments. Nevertheless, glutaraldehyde is still widely used in hospital environments. In order to evaluate environmental contamination by glutaraldehyde vapours, the rooms of a hospital out-patient department of digestive endoscopy were monitored in 2005; a total of 52 samples were taken. The mean environmental concentration of glutaraldehyde was 3.7+/-7.4 microg/m(3). The number of efficacious air exchanges per hour was 6.3 v/h in all of the environments monitored. The study revealed that, in a hospital setting, adequate structural and functional planning, combined with responsible management on the part of the personnel and constant careful checking of the results obtained can minimize the risk of occupational exposure to glutaraldehyde.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 03/2008; 18(1):73-8.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: South Africa is a developing country that also has developed aspects and as a result, has to cope with issues related to both worlds. There has been a definite change in the global patterns of diseases from a situation dominated by infectious diseases to a predominance of non-communicable diseases where the risk factors are largely associated with lifestyle. Results from a follow-up study were used to investigate a transition in health status of the study sample. Questionnaires were used in this historical cohort study, which reviews the health status and lifestyle aspects of young adults who participated as children in the Vaal Triangle Air Pollution Health Study (VAPS) during 1990. In general, the study sample had a higher prevalence of chronic diseases compared to the general South African population. Findings indicate that the transition in health status recorded elsewhere in the world can be demonstrated in this South African group.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 03/2008; 18(1):65-72.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this paper was to reassess children's exposure to air pollution as well as investigate the importance of other covariates of respiratory health. We re-examined the Hamilton Children's Cohort (HCC) dataset with enhanced spatial analysis methods, refined in the approximately two decades since the original study was undertaken. Children's exposure to air pollution was first re-estimated using kriging and land-use regression. The land-use regression model performed better, compared to kriging, in capturing local variation of air pollution. Multivariate linear and logistic regression analysis was then applied for the study of potential risk factors for respiratory health. Findings agree with the HCC study-results, confirming that children's respiratory health was associated with maternal smoking, hospitalization in infancy and air pollution. However, results from this study reveal a stronger association between children's respiratory health and air pollution. Additionally, this study demonstrated associations with low-income, household crowding and chest illness in siblings.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 03/2008; 18(1):17-35.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate arsenic concentrations in the Seymour Aquifer. Discontinuous alluvium of the aquifer occupies a broad, semi-arid region of northern Texas, USA. Throughout the formation's outcrop, permeable deposits and unconfined conditions may facilitate downward travel of contaminants applied to the land surface. Past agricultural practices are a potential source of arsenic to the aquifer. However, of 64 water samples analyzed from 2001-2004, only one exceeded the maximum contaminant level (MCL) of 10 microg/l for arsenic in drinking water. The median arsenic concentration was 2.7 microg/l, and 34% of samples had arsenic concentrations less than 2 microg/l. No relationship between arsenic concentration and well depth was observed.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 03/2008; 18(1):79-82.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lead is known to have numerous adverse effects especially to infants and children. The intake of lead through drinking water is commonly due to metal corrosion in the peripheral water distribution system, especially the user's plumbing. The aim of this project was to assess the present state of drinking water contamination with lead in Lower Saxony and to promote replacement of lead pipes. For this purpose a project was initiated comprising three parts. First, a free examination of drinking water was offered in cooperation with local public health departments for private households with young women and families with children living in buildings constructed before 1974. Participants were asked to collect a cold tap water sample in their household after nocturnal stagnation and to complete a questionnaire. The collected samples were analysed by atomic absorption spectrometry for their lead concentration. Second, data from local public health departments on results of lead measurements, especially in buildings for the public, were collected and analysed. Finally a working group 'lead replacement' was initiated. In the project in total 2436 tap water samples from households were collected. Of these, 6.49% had lead concentrations exceeding 10 microg/l (recommended limit of the World Health Organization) and 2.79% had concentrations above the limit of the German drinking water ordinance (25 microg/l). There were remarkable regional differences in the frequency of tap water contamination. Multi-family houses were more frequently affected than single- and double-family houses.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 01/2008; 17(6):407-18.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Outbreaks of Salmonella infections associated with fresh mango consumption have occurred in recent years. The study's objective was to assess the effectiveness of chlorine and copper ions to reduce Salmonella typhimurium from hydro-cooling water and prevent fruit pulp contamination of heat-treated mangos. Mature green Tommy Atkins' mangos were immersed in water at 46.1 degrees C for 100 min. Heat-treated mangos were then introduced, during 30 min, in 25 degrees C water containing 6 Log(10) CFU/ml of Salmonella with or without disinfectants (5 and 8 mg/l of either chlorine or copper ions). Chlorine at 5 and 8 mg/l reduced 6 Log(10) CFU/ml of Salmonella. Copper ions at 5 and 8 mg/l reduced 3.26 and 4.3 Log(10) CFU/ml, respectively. 2 Log(10) of Salmonella penetrated into mango pulp when disinfectants were not applied to 25 degrees C water. Both chlorine and copper ions were effective in preventing fruit pulp contamination by Salmonella typhimurium. Of residual chlorine, 2.37 and 3.54 mg/kg were detected in mango pulp after the treatment of 5 and 8 mg/l, respectively. Copper ions at 5 and 8 mg/l showed a residual content of 0.1 and 0.6 mg/kg on mango pulp, respectively. The chloride and copper residual levels in the pulp did not exceed the daily ingestion rates recommended by the National Academy of Sciences. Salmonella entered mango pulp by vascular elements and lenticels, both natural structures measuring an average diameter of 21 and 112 microm, respectively. The results illustrate the potential for pathogen penetration if heat-treated mangos are cooled in non-disinfected water. Also, appropriate chlorine or copper ion concentration prevents fruit pulp contamination.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 01/2008; 17(6):453-9.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to investigate the possible role of manganese and copper (Mn/Cu) imbalance of the food chain in the focally increased occurrence of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Mn and Cu concentrations in soil, drinking water and foodstuffs collected from households in the region of focal accumulation of CJD patients and the control region were measured by FAAS. Considerably higher Mn/Cu ratios in the studied region than those in the control region were found for soil (49.3 vs. 21.1), honey (8.05 vs. 4.86), and for the main local food items: potatoes (2.09 vs. 1.07) and bread (5.85 vs. 5.35), however, only soil and potatoes were of statistical significance. The results could indicate a rare coincidence of the verified endogenous CJD risk (genetic) with a very probable exogenous CJD risk factor (Mn/Cu dietary/environmental imbalance), but whether and how this coincidence may contribute to the unique, continual temporo-spatial clustering of genetic CJD should be investigated in further studies.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 01/2008; 17(6):419-28.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper examines the barriers to mitigating mercury pollution at small-scale gold mines in the Guianas (Guyana, French Guiana and Suriname), and prescribes recommendations for overcoming these obstacles. Whilst considerable attention has been paid to analysing the environmental impacts of operations in the region, minimal research has been undertaken to identify appropriate policy and educational initiatives for addressing the mounting mercury problem. Findings from recent fieldwork and selected interviews with operators from Guyanese and Surinamese gold mining regions reveal that legislative incapacity, the region's varied industry policy stances, various technological problems, and low environmental awareness on the part of communities are impeding efforts to facilitate improved mercury management at small-scale gold mines in the Guianas. Marked improvements can be achieved, however, if legislation, particularly that pertaining to mercury, is harmonised in the region; educational seminars continue to be held in important mining districts; and additional outlets for disseminating environmental equipment and mercury-free technologies are provided.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 01/2008; 17(6):429-41.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of allergic diseases to a variety of allergens has only been studied in a few countries and it has never been studied in Ethiopia. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of skin sensitivity reactions to allergens in Ethiopian subjects. A total of 216 subjects were tested with a skin scratch test using five types of allergens and also for total and differential white blood cell counts. Positive reaction to one or more allergens was detected in 49.5% of the subjects, the most prevalent allergen being mite extract. Some 27% showed a positive reaction to multiple allergens. The mean eosinophil count was higher in the subjects reacting to at least one of the allergens compared to those with no reaction (p=0.038). The results demonstrate a high prevalence of allergic reactions to the few allergens tested. Further studies using several allergens are recommended to substantiate this finding.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 01/2008; 17(6):397-406.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We conducted a survey in rural Niger to assess use, maintenance and acceptability of household latrines one year after a subsidized promotion project. Standard interviews were conducted with 200 randomly selected project participants and a visual latrine inspection. Before the project, 21.5% (43/200) of households had latrines. After the first year, 100% of these households had at least one latrine. Overall, 2577 household latrines were built in the 50 targeted villages. Latrines were 'always' used by 92.5% of adults and 55% of children in the households. The latrines were adequately maintained: superstructure 93%, covers 74.5%, clean 70%. The main perceived advantages of latrine ownership were proximity/easy access (59.5%) and privacy (22.5%). The project demonstrated that the implementation of a household latrine promotion project is acceptable and feasible in rural Niger. Future promotion projects may develop local sanitation expertise and focus on perceived benefits--proximity and privacy--rather than health.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 01/2008; 17(6):443-52.
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to quantify the amount of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium transferred from volunteers' hands (bare or gloved) to green bell peppers and vice versa; and to assess the effectiveness of hand hygiene techniques. The highest and lowest percentages of bacterial transfer were achieve from green bell peppers to gloved hands (46.56%) and from bare hands to green bell peppers (0.21%), respectively. The highest and lowest Log10 reductions of S. Typhimurium were achieved by the combination of hand washing and alcohol-based gel (4.38 Log10) and iodine solution (2.08 Log10), respectively. This study provides important information concerning the transfer's efficiency of S. Typhimurium from hands to fresh produce and from fresh produce to hands. The study also showed that gloved hands, could be a mean of transfer of S. Typhimurium between green peppers and hands, and the best hand hygiene technique was the combination of hand washing and alcohol-based gel.
    International Journal of Environmental Health Research 11/2007; 17(5):381-8.

Related Journals