Biosensors & Bioelectronics (BIOSENS BIOELECTRON )

Publisher: Elsevier


Biosensors & Bioelectronics is the principal international journal devoted to research, design, development and application of biosensors and bioelectronics. It is an interdisciplinary journal serving professionals with an interest in the exploitation of biological materials in novel diagnostic and electronic devices. Biosensors are defined as analytical devices incorporating a biological material (e.g. tissue, microorganisms, organelles, cell receptors, enzymes, antibodies, nucleic acids etc.), a biologically derived material or a biomimic intimately associated with or integrated within a physicochemical transducer or transducing microsystem, which may be optical, electrochemical, thermometric, piezoelectric or magnetic. Biosensors usually yield a digital electronic signal which is proportional to the concentration of a specific analyte or group of analytes. While the signal may in principle be continuous, devices can be configured to yield single measurements to meet specific market requirements. Biosensors have been applied to a wide variety of analytical problems including in medicine, the environment, food, process industries, security and defence. The emerging field of Bioelectronics seeks to exploit biology in conjuction with electronics in a wider context encompassing, for example, biomaterials for information processing, information storage and actuators. A key aspect is the interface between biological materials and electronics. While endeavouring to maintain coherence in the scope of the journal, the editors will accept reviews and papers of obvious relevance to the community, which describe important new concepts, underpin understanding of the field or provide important insights into the practical application of biosensors and bioelectronics.

  • Impact factor
    Show impact factor history
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Biosensors and Bioelectronics website
  • Other titles
    Biosensors & bioelectronics (Online), Biosensors and bioelectronics
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Pre-print allowed on any website or open access repository
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on authors' personal website, or institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository, without embargo, where there is not a policy or mandate
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and the publisher exists.
    • Permitted deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental policy or mandate, may be required to comply with embargo periods of 12 months to 48 months .
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PubMed Central after 12 months
    • Publisher last contacted on 18/10/2013
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An accurate and highly sensitive sensor platform has been demonstrated for the detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) using optical fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). The CRP detection has been carried out by monitoring the shift in Bragg wavelength (ΔλB) of an etched FBG (eFBG) coated with an anti-CRP antibody (aCRP)-graphene oxide (GO) complex. The complex is characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. A limit of detection of 0.01 mg/L has been achieved with a linear range of detection from 0.01 mg/L to 100 mg/L which includes clinical range of CRP. The eFBG sensor coated with only aCRP (without GO) show much less sensitivity than that of aCRP–GO complex coated eFBG. The eFBG sensors show high specificity to CRP even in the presence of other interfering factors such as urea, creatinine and glucose. The affinity constant of View the MathML source has been extracted from the data of normalized shift (ΔλB/λB) as a function of CRP concentration.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 03/2015; 65:251-256.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A straightforward electrochemical DNA biosensing approach based on exploiting organometallic compound, aminoferrocene (AFC), as electroactive probes was firstly demonstrated, where the probes could be directly labeled to the free phosphate groups of the hybridized PNA/DNA heteroduplexes merely through one-step conjugation in the presence of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and imidazole. Briefly, mercapto-terminated peptide nucleic acid (PNA) was firstly immobilized onto gold electrode and used as the capture probes for the specific recognition of target single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). After hybridization, AFC probes were directly labeled to the free 5′-terminal phosphate groups, which were activated by EDC and imidazole, of the hybridized PNA/DNA heteroduplexes, and then they were exploited as the electroactive probes to monitor the hybridization. As the captured ssDNA was labeled with AFC in the stoichiometric ratio of 1:1, thus the electrochemical analysis of the proportionally labeled AFC based on differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) enabled a quantitative determination of sequence-specific DNA. Under optimal conditions, the approach presented a good linear relationship between the current intensities and logarithm of ssDNA concentrations in the range from 0.1 nM to 100 nM with a detection limit of 93 pM, and it rendered satisfactory analytical performance in serum samples. Furthermore, it exhibited excellent specificity toward single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and precluded complicated protocols. More importantly, the simplicity of this approach together with its compatibility with standard micro-fabrication techniques makes it great potential in practical applications, especially in microarray areas where simple procedures are preferred.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 03/2015; 65:71-77.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this work, the assembly of gold nanoparticles of (AuNPs) is used to detect the presence of the biomolecule glutathione (GSH) using a novel technique called “all-optical photoacoustic spectroscopy” (AOPAS). The AOPAS technique coupled with AuNPs forms the basis of a biosensing technique capable of probing the dynamic evolution of nano-bio interfaces within a microscopic volume. Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) and ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) spectra were measured to describe the kinetics governing the interparticle interactions by monitoring the AuNPs assembly and evolution of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band. A comparison of the same dynamic evolution of AuNPs assembly was performed using the AOPAS technique to confirm the validity of this method. The fundamental study is complemented by a demonstration of the performance of this biosensing technique in the presence of cell culture medium containing fetal bovine serum (FBS), which forms a protein corona on the surface of the AuNPs. This work demonstrates that the in vitro monitoring capabilities of the AOPAS provides sensitive measurement at the microscopic level and low nanoparticle concentrations without the artifacts limiting the use of conventional biosensing methods, such as fluorescent indicators. The AOPAS technique not only provides a facile approach for in vitro biosensing, but also shed a light on the real-time detection of thiol containing oxidative stress biomarkers in live systems using AuNPs.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 02/2015; 64:676–682.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory cytokines are secreted by immune cells in response to infection or injury. Quantification of multiple cytokines in parallel may help with disease diagnosis by illuminating inflammatory pathways related to disease onset and progression. This paper describes development of an electrochemical aptasensor for simultaneous detection of two important inflammatory cytokines, interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). To enable multiplexing, IFN-γ and TNF-α aptamers were labeled with anthraquinone (AQ) and methylene blue (MB) redox reporters respectively. Random immobilization of two aptamer on gold exhibited redox peaks at −0.37V (AQ) and −0.15V (MB) vs. Ag/AgCl reference. When challenged with either IFN-γ or TNF-α, redox signal of the appropriate reporter changed in concentration dependent manner. To demonstrate one possible application of this sensing approach, electrodes were integrated into microfluidic devices and used to dynamically monitor cytokine release from immune cells. Two cell types, primary human CD4 T-cells and U937 monocytic cells, were used to compare differences in cytokine secretions upon stimulation. These cells were infused into the microfluidic devices and stimulated to commence cytokine production. Release of IFN-γ and TNF-α was monitored concurrently from the same small group of cells over the course of 2 h. The strategy of encoding specific aptamer types with unique redox reporters allows sensitive and specific detection of multiple protein biomarkers from the same electrode.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 02/2015; 64:43–50.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Detection of rare cells, such as circulating tumor cells, have many clinical applications. To measure rare cells with increased sensitivity and improved data managements, we developed an imaging flow cytometer with a streak imaging mode capability. The new streak mode imaging mode utilizes low speed video to capture moving fluorescently labeled cells in a flow cell. Each moving cell is imaged on multiple pixels on each frame, where the cell path is marked as a streak line proportional to the length of the exposure. Finding rare cells (e.g., <1 cell/mL) requires measuring larger sample volumes to achieve higher sensitivity, therefore we combined streak mode imaging with a “wide” high throughput flow cell (e.g. flow rates set to 10 mL/min) in contrast to the conventional “narrow” hydrodynamic focusing cells typically used in cytometry that are inherently limited to low flow rates. The new flow cell is capable of analyzing 20 mL/min of fluorescently labeled cells. To further increase sensitivity, the signal to noise ratio of the images was also enhanced by combining three imaging methods: (1) background subtraction, (2) pixel binning, and (3) CMOS color channel selection. The streaking mode cytometer has been used for the analysis of SYTO-9 labeled THP-1 human monocytes in buffer and in blood. Samples of cells at 1 cell/mL and 0.1 cell/mL were analyzed in 30 mL with flow rates set to 10 mL/min and frame rates of 4 fps (frame per second). For the target of 1 cell/mL, an average concentration of 0.91 cell/mL was measured by cytometry, with a standard error of 0.03 (C95=0.85–0.97). For the target of 0.1 cell/mL, an average concentration of 0.083 cell/mL was measured, with a standard error of 0.01 (C95=0.065–0.102). Whole blood was also spiked with SYTO-9 labeled cells to a concentration of 10 cell/mL, and the average flow cytometry measurement was 8.7 cells/mL (i.e. 0.87 cells/mL in diluted blood) with a 95% CL of 8.1–9.2 cells/mL. This demonstrated the ability to detect rare cells in blood with high accuracy. Such detection approaches for rare cells have many potential clinical applications. Furthermore, the simplicity and low cost of this device may enable expansion of cell-based clinical diagnostics, especially in resource-poor settings.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 02/2015; 64:154–160.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Carbon nanodots and CoFe layered double hydroxide composites (C-Dots/LDHs) were prepared via simply mixing C-Dots and CoFe-LDHs. The as-prepared composites were used for the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on the glass carbon (GC) electrode. The electrochemical behavior of the HRP/C-Dots/LDHs/GC electrode and its application as a H2O2 biosensor were investigated. The results indicated that HRP immobilized by C-Dots/LDHs retained the activity of enzyme and displayed quasi-reversible redox behavior and fast electron transfer with an electron transfer rate constant ks of 8.46 s−1. Under optimum experimental conditions, the HRP/C-Dots/LDHs/GC electrode displayed good electrocatalytic reduction activity and excellent analytic performance toward H2O2. The H2O2 biosensor showed a linear range of 0.1–23.1 μM (R2=0.9942) with a calculated detection limit of 0.04 μM (S/N=3). In addition, the biosensor exhibited high sensitivity, good selectivity, acceptable reproducibility and stability. The superior properties of this biosensor are attributed to the synergistic effect of HRP, C-Dots and CoFe-LDHs, which has been proved by investigating their electrochemical response to H2O2. Thus the C-Dots and LDHs composites provide a promising platform for the immobilization of redox enzymes and construction of sensitive biosensors.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 02/2015; 64:57–62.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new analytical approach for detecting diaminopyridine derivatives has been constructed using a molecular imprinting-electrochemical sensor. Opposed to the conventional strategy of employing diaminopyridine as the functional monomer and uracil derivatives as the target analyte, in the current study, the 2,6-Diaminopyridine-imprinted core-shell nanoparticles were synthesized with 2,6-Diaminopyridine as the template molecule and 6-aminouracil as the functional monomer. Graphene and ionic liquid which can assist 2,6-Diaminopyridine-imprinted core-shell nanoparticles in electrochemical reaction kinetics by increasing conductivity have been introduced to form one of the electrode modified layers. The proposed analytical method has been applied in 2,6-Diaminopyridine detection in hair-dyes and demonstrated appropriate sensitivity and selectivity, with a linear range of 0.0500-35.0mgkg(-1) and a detection limit as low as 0.0275mgkg(-1). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 02/2015; 64:277–284.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Biosensors are analytical devices having high sensitivity, portability, small sample requirement and ease of use for qualitative and quantitative monitoring of various analytes of human importance. Arsenic (As), owing to its widespread presence in nature and high toxicity to living creatures, requires frequent determination in water, soil, agricultural and food samples. The present review is an effort to highlight the various advancements made so far in the development of arsenic biosensors based either on recombinant whole cells or on certain arsenic-binding oligonucleotides or proteins. The role of futuristic approaches like surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and aptamer technology has also been discussed. The biomethods employed and their general mechanisms, advantages and limitations in relevance to arsenic biosensors developed so far are intended to be discussed in this review.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 01/2015; 63:533-545.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As heavy metal ions severely harm human health, it is important to develop simple, sensitive and accurate methods for their detection in environment and food. Electrochemical detection featured with short analytical time, low power cost, high sensitivity and easy adaptability for in-situ measurement is one of the most developed methods. This review introduces briefly the recent achievements in electrochemical sensing of heavy metal ions with inorganic, organic and bio-materials modified electrodes. In particular, the unique properties of inorganic nanomaterials, organic small molecules or their polymers, enzymes and nucleic acids for detection of heavy metal ions are highlighted. By employing some representative examples, the design and sensing mechanisms of these electrodes are discussed.
    Biosensors & Bioelectronics 01/2015; 63:276–286.