Gynecological Endocrinology (GYNECOL ENDOCRINOL )

Publisher: International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology, Taylor & Francis

Description

Gynecological Endocrinology, the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology, covers all the experimental, clinical and therapeutic aspects of this increasingly new discipline. It includes papers relating to the control and function of the different endocrine glands in females, the effects of reproductive events on the endocrine system, and the consequences of endocrine disorders on reproduction.

Impact factor 1.14

  • Hide impact factor history
     
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
    1.41
  • Cited half-life
    5.10
  • Immediacy index
    0.21
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.35
  • Website
    Gynecological Endocrinology website
  • Other titles
    Gynecological endocrinology (Online)
  • ISSN
    0951-3590
  • OCLC
    54860745
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

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    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
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    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals or 18 months embargo for SSH journals
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with abnormal eating habits. We examined whether surgical treatment affected allopregnanolone levels and eating behaviour in nine women with PCOS who qualified for Rou-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Blood samples were obtained to measure sex-hormone-binding globulin, total testosterone, progesterone, and allopregnanolone, and eating behaviour was evaluated using the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire before surgery and at 6 and 12 months after surgery. Body mass index and total testosterone levels decreased, and progesterone and sex-hormone-binding globulin levels increased after bariatric surgery compared with pre-surgical values. In patients with anovulatory menstrual cycles, both the serum allopregnanolone level and the allopregnanolone/progesterone ratio were unchanged after surgery. The patients had high uncontrolled and emotional eating scores, and low cognitive restraint scores before surgery, and these scores had improved significantly at 6 and 12 months after surgery. The presurgical allopregnanolone levels were significantly correlated with uncontrolled eating. In conclusion, these results suggest that allopregnanolone appear to be part of the mechanism underlying the abnormal eating behaviour of obese PCOS patients by causing the loss of control over food intake. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery can improve eating behaviour and clinical symptoms, and may facilitate weight loss in obese women with PCOS.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of history of biochemical pregnancy (BP) was associated with clinical characteristics and the subsequent pregnancy outcome among women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). One-hundred and seventy-five RSA women with two or more clinical pregnancy losses were enrolled. The clinical characteristics were compared between 164 women with history of 0-1 BP (Group A) and 11 women with two or more BP (Group B). The frequency of previous pregnancy loss and history of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer in Group B was higher than that in Group A; while frequency of secondary RSA in Group B was lower than Group A. The subsequent pregnancy outcome was assessed prospectively; and live-birth rate in Group A (72.9%) was higher (p < 0.05) than that in Group B (41.7%). The incidence of reproductive failure (58.3%, p < 0.05) and spontaneous abortion with normal chromosome (25.0%, p = 0.050) in Group B was higher than those (27.1 and 5.9%, respectively) in Group A. RSA women with two or more BP had higher risk of reproductive failure and spontaneous abortion with normal chromosome together with lower chance of live-birth. The results of the present study involve important information and are helpful for clinical practitioners.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Basal serum 17OHP measurement remains the first screening step for nonclassic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NCCAH) and the accuracy of the test is of high value. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of immunoassays to LC-MS/MS in the assessment of serum 17OHP and androgens concentration in women with hyperandrogenism and controls. 17OHP, total testosterone, androstendione and DHEA-S were measured in 39 women with clinically and/or biochemically evident hyperandrogenism and in 29 age-matched controls without clinical hyperandrogenism. 17OHP and androgens were measured by immunoassays and by LC-MS/MS. In patients group median 17OHP level measured by immunoassays was significantly higher compared to LC-MS/MS (5.49 nmol/l-ELISA NovaTec® and 3.57 nmol/l-ELISA DRG® versus 1.56 nmol/l-LC-MS/MS p < 0.0001) as well as in the control group (2.58 nmol/l-ELISA DRG® versus 1.14 nmol/l-LC-MS/MS p < 0.0001). Additional, unnecessary diagnostic procedures explaining elevated 17OHP level were undertaken in 85% of patients when NovaTec® test was used, in 50% when ELISA DRG® and in none when LC-MS/MS method was applied. Total testosterone, androstendione and DHEA-S concentrations in the patients and the controls assessed by the immunoassays were also significantly higher compared to LC-MS/MS. LC-MS/MS is more reliable diagnostic tool in the measurement of serum 17OHP and androgens concentrations compared to immunoassays in women with hyperandrogenism.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: Medical conditions such as obesity and inflammatory bowel disease are associated with impaired luteal function, menstrual disturbance and infertility. It is proposed that the disturbance in gut wall integrity ("leaky gut") seen in these conditions may result in the passage of bacterial endotoxin (LPS) from the colonic lumen into the circulation that may initiate inflammation in the ovary and subsequently impair hormone production. Methods: Quantify the association between systemic levels of LBP, a marker of endotoxin exposure, and levels of inflammation in the ovary (follicular fluid IL-6), plus steroid hormone production in 45 women undergoing IVF treatment. Results: Endotoxaemia (LBP) were positively correlated with plasma CRP and inflammation within the ovary (follicular fluid IL-6). Furthermore, endotoxaemia was negatively correlated with progesterone production. Conclusion: The observed correlations, together with previously published animal studies linking endotoxin exposure to impaired luteal function, suggest that the translocation of bacterial endotoxin from the gut lumen into the circulation has the potential to interfere with progesterone production and result in luteal deficiency.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of sildenafil citrate on cisplatin-induced ovarian toxicity. Thirty-two female rats were divided into four groups. Group 1: saline control; group 2: cisplatin; group 3: sildenafil citrate; and group 4: cisplatin plus sildenafil citrate group. In groups 2 and 4, the rats were injected with 5 mg/kg cisplatin intraperitoneally (i.p.). In groups 3 and 4, the rats were injected with 1.4 mg/kg sildenafil citrate i.p. The ovaries were removed two weeks later in all groups. Histopathologic examination, follicle counting and classification were performed. The expression of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) was detected immunohistochemically in the ovarian tissues. Sildenafil alleviated cisplatin-induced histopathological changes in the ovarian tissue. Primordial, secondary and tertiary follicles were diminished in group 2 compared with group 1 (p < 0.05). Pretreatment with sildenafil citrate preserved primordial follicle count in group 4 compared with group 2, and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). According to our results, immunoreactivity intensity of AMH was lower in group 2 compared with group 1 (92.4 ± 3.97 versus 88.8 ± 1.77) but not significantly, whereas immunoreactivity intensity of AMH was higher in group 4 compared with group 2 (88.8 ± 1.77 versus 94.1 ± 2.36; p < 0.05). Our results demonstrated that pretreatment with sildenafil citrate is beneficial for protecting the ovaries from cisplatin-induced damage. Sildenafil citrate can be a choice for fertility preservation.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The aim of this study was to quantify the sulfated glycosaminoglycans in the endometria of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Of the 18 patients recruited for this study, 10 patients with PCOS comprised the PCOS group (PCOSG), and eight patients with regular and ovulatory menstrual cycles comprised the control group (CG). The clinical, biochemical, morphological and endometrial data from both groups were analyzed. Biopsies were performed during the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle for the CG and during the persistent proliferative phase for the PCOSG (all women were amenorrheic). In the PCOSG, there was a significant increase in the endometrial concentration levels of heparan sulfate (p = 0.03), but no difference in the concentrations of chondroitin sulfate was determined between the two groups (p = 0.77). Period of time without menstruation (p = 0.001) and body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.04) correlated directly and positively with heparan sulfate concentration. There was no association between heparan sulfate levels and basal insulin values (p = 0.08). High levels of endometrial heparan sulfate in women with PCOS indicate an interference with maternal-fetal recognition, which contributes to infertility; thus, endometrial heparan sulfate may be a predictive marker of future neoplasia risk.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The phenotype of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is known to worsen with weight gain, increased ingestion of carbohydrates and a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this study was to assess the dietary habits in a group of adolescent girls with PCOS. Adolescents with PCOS were recruited and asked to complete a questionnaire on their eating habits and a recall dietary diary, from which their caloric and macronutrient intake was calculated. Results were compared with those from a group of normal controls. Thirty-five women with PCOS and 46 controls were included. Girls with PCOS were less likely to have cereals for breakfast (20.7 versus 66.7%) and as a result consumed less fibre than controls. They were more likely to eat an evening meal (97.1 versus 78.3%) and eat this over an hour later when compared to controls. Despite having comparable body mass indexes, girls with PCOS ate a daily surplus calorie average of 3% versus controls that had a negative calorie intake of 0.72% (p = 0.047). Ameliorating eating habits early in adolescence in girls with PCOS may improve future metabolic concerns related to a genetic predisposition and worsened by an unhealthy lifestyle.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Aim: To investigate the effect of empiric use of luteal phase progesterone supplementation to improve endometrial receptivity in women undergoing treatment with clomiphene citrate in combination with intrauterine insemination (CC-IUI). Design: Retrospective cohort analysis. Setting: University fertility center. Patients: 426 CC-IUI cycles from 292 patients with unexplained infertility. Interventions: Patients were treated with micronized intravaginal progesterone 100 mg twice daily beginning approximately three days after CC-IUI. Main outcome measure(s): Clinical pregnancy per initiated cycle as defined by presence of fetal heart rate on ultrasound. Results: Clinical pregnancy rate was higher in patients receiving luteal phase support compared to patients not receiving luteal phase support (odds ratio: 2.04; 95% confidence interval: 1.01-4.14) after adjusting for all factors in the analysis using a multivariate logistic regression model. Age at the start of the cycle, BMI and CC dose were not shown to have an effect on clinical pregnancy rates. Patients with endometrial lining (EML) thickness 6-8 mm and >8 mm had increased clinical pregnancy rates compared to EML <6 mm independent of luteal phase progesterone use. Patients who appear to receive the greatest benefit of progesterone supplementation are in the 6-8 mm EML cohort. Conclusions: Luteal phase progesterone supplementation in CC-IUI cycles can improve endometrial receptivity as judged by the improved clinical pregnancy rates as the primary outcome.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Paternal influences on reproduction are significant causing about half of the infertile couples to turn to assisted reproductive techniques. Due to the increasing proportion of infertile couples adopting to conceive by in vitro fertilisation (IVF), predicting outcomes is of ever increasing importance. Since pregnancy rates following IVF are still quite low, prognostic information is very helpful in clinical decisions. Although significant research has been done on the maternal influence, male factor infertility is relatively understudied. To date, potential predictors include: method of fertilisation, age, reactive oxygen species, sperm quality parameters and DNA fragmentation. Predictors under investigation which show promising signs, even though there is no clear cut consensus on the predictive value to date include: folate and homocysteine, anti müllerian hormone measurement, environmental factors, body mass index, smoking, male age, stress, some subsets of antisperm antibodies and epigenetic features.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract The aim of this study was to compare metabolic parameters, body composition (BC) and muscle strength of women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This was a case-control study that evaluated 40 women with PCOS and 40 controls. Androgens and insulin resistance were measured. BC was based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Isometric handgrip and maximal dynamic muscle strength (1-RM) strength tests were performed. Median total testosterone (p < 0.01), free androgen index (p < 0.01), insulin (p < 0.01) and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (p = 0.02) were higher and sex hormone binding globulin (SBHG) (p = 0.04) was lower in the PCOS group. Normoweight women with PCOS had higher percentages of android body fat. However, the prevalence of android fat distribution was higher in the PCOS than in the control group (p = 0.04). The strength 1-RM in bench press (p < 0.01), muscle strength relative to lean muscle mass in the dominant lower limb (p = 0.04) and isometric handgrip strength tests (p = 0.03) was higher in the PCOS group. PCOS was a determinant of strength in the bench press exercise (p = 0.04). The hyperandrogenism was a predictor of increased strength in biceps curl exercises (p = 0.03) in the dominant lower limb (p = 0.02) and isometric handgrip strength (p = 0.03). In conclusion, women with PCOS have greater muscle strength and a higher prevalence of central obesity, but no difference in BC. Muscle strength may be related to high androgen levels in these women.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Cushing's syndrome is a rare condition in the general population and is even less common during pregnancy with only a few cases reported in literature. The diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome may be difficult during pregnancy because the typical features of the disorder and pregnancy may overlap. However, Cushing's syndrome results in increased fetal and maternal complications, and diagnosis and treatment are critical. This report describes a case of 26-year-old female at the 19th week of pregnancy with symptoms and signs of hypercortisolism, where ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome was diagnosed and treated by robotic laparoscopic adrenalectomy at the 21th week of gestation.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate the adiponectin and leptin levels in overweight/obese and lean women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Design: This was a retrospective study. Patients: Of the 422 studied patients, 224 women with PCOS and 198 women without PCOS were evaluated. Main outcome measure(s): Insulin resistance and the metabolic components were assessed. The adiponectin and leptin levels were also evaluated. Results: Adiponectin was negatively correlated with insulin resistance, body mass index (BMI), and total testosterone, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels; conversely, leptin reversed the aforementioned reaction and was negatively correlated with adiponectin levels. The adiponectin to leptin ratios were significantly lower in PCOS women than in those without PCOS. Compared to women with non-PCOS, overweight/obese women with PCOS had lower serum adiponectin levels than women without PCOS, which was not the case for lean women. Conversely, lean women with PCOS had higher serum leptin levels than those without PCOS, which was not the case for overweight/obese women. Conclusions: Adipose tissue might play an important role in the metabolic complications in women with PCOS. To study the impact of obesity biomarkers in women with PCOS, overweight/obese and lean women should be considered separately.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: Spermatozoal morphology was reported to effect fertilization, embryo quality and pregnancy results in spontaneous conception and ART. Intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) is an innovative, not invasive technique, which examines the sperm with no harm at a magnification of 6000 × in order to obtain optimal sperm to perform IVF-ICSI. We evaluated the efficiency of IMSI technique in patients with repeated IVF-ICSI failure of at least three cycles with no viable pregnancy and/or very poor sperm quality. Study design and methods: All couples who performed IMSI between the years 2009 to 2012 were enrolled retrospectively to the study. Couples with male infertility who were treated with IMSI were included in the study. All their treatments were evaluated and divided into two subgroups: conventional IVF-ICSI treatment and their subsequent IMSI treatment. Demographic data, clinical parameters and outcome were recorded. The IMSI treatments were compared to previous non-IMSI treatments in terms of fertilization rates, cleavage rates, number of embryos and their quality, number of embryos transferred and pregnancy outcome. Main results: Forty-two couples were reviewed. Basic characteristics of the groups were comparable. Fertilization and cleavage rates of the two groups were comparable. The embryos quality demonstrated a trend toward superior quality (grade 1-2) embryos in the IMSI versus ICSI (60% versus 47%; p = 0.07 and 53% versus 40%; p = 0.07), respectively. Implantation and clinical pregnancy rates were significantly superior in IMSI group (19.2% versus 7.8%; p = 0.042 and 41.3% versus 10.5%; p = 0.02, respectively). Miscarriage rate was significantly higher in conventional IVF-ICSI group (100% versus 15.8%; p = 0.04), and live birth rate was significantly higher in IMSI group (0 in conventional IVF-ICSI and 34.7% per transfer in IMSI group; p = 0.003). Conclusion: IVF outcome of IMSI resulted in a higher implantation rate, pregnancy rate and most importantly delivery rate compare to non IMSI treated cycles.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Worldwide, IVF is often discontinued before a live birth is achieved due to high costs. Even when partial financial coverage is provided, often medical providers advise treatment discontinuation. In Israel, unlimited IVF is offered free of charge for a couples' first two children. Our objective was to assess the reasons couples discontinue IVF treatments before achieving two children in a completely unlimited cost-free environment. This cohort study included all primary infertile women, <35 years, referred for their first IVF cycle to Sheba IVF unit between 2001 and 2002. Patients were followed until February 2012. Those who ceased treatments for 12 months were interviewed to assess the main reason they ceased treatments. Of the 134 couples included, only 46 ceased IVF treatments without achieving two children, after performing an average of 6.2 IVF cycles to achieve their first birth. The reasons given were: lost hope of success (13), psychological burden (18), divorce (6), medical staff recommendation (5), bureaucratic difficulties (3) and general medical condition (1). The main reasons for "drop out" in our cost-free environment were as follows: psychological burden and lost hope of success. Due to high availability of treatments, medical staff recommendation was a less significant factor in our study.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to determine serum human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) levels and establish whether serum HLA-G level is related with insulin resistance, oxidative stress, dyslipidemia and ovarian hyperandrogenism in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Twenty-five patients with PCOS and 23 healthy control women were evaluated in this study. Serum HLA-G, lipid fractions, glucose, insulin, malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), white blood cell (WBC), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and other hormone (gonadotropins and androgens) levels were measured. The estimate of insulin resistance was calculated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). Serum luteinizing hormone (LH), total testosterone, fasting insulin, WBC levels and LH/follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) ratio, free androgen index (FAI) and HOMA-IR values were significantly higher in patients with PCOS compared with healthy women. However, the women with PCOS had considerably lower serum FSH, SHBG, MDA, GSH and HLA-G levels than healthy subjects. HLA-G was inversely related with HOMA-IR, FAI, LH/FSH ratio and WBC, but positively with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Decreased serum HLA-G level may be related with insulin resistance, ovarian hyperandrogenism and oxidative stress in women with PCOS. Nevertheless, the exact role of HLA-G in the pathogenesis of the disease remains to be elucidated.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: Variations in inflammatory markers have been reported in adult women during the luteal phase, but whether these findings are observed during adolescence is unknown. We postulate that higher ultrasensitive C-reactive protein (usCRP) and lower 2-hydroxyestrone (2OHE) levels, an estrogen metabolite with cardioprotective actions, are present during the luteal phase in young women. Aim: To evaluate usCRP levels during the menstrual cycle and to determine its association with 2OHE and 16α-hydroxyestrone (16OHE) in adolescents. Methods: Healthy postmenarcheal adolescents (N = 37) were studied during one menstrual cycle in follicular phase (FP) and luteal phase-like period (LP-L). Results: Elevations in usCRP levels in the LP-L were observed in the entire group and in anovulatory cycles (1.9 ± 1.1 mg/L in FP to 2.5 ± 1.8 mg/L in LP-L; p < 0.0001). Increases in estrone, estradiol, free and bioavailable estradiol, testosterone, usCRP and 2OHE levels were observed in LP-L compared with FP (p < 0.01), with a borderline elevation in IFG-I levels (p = 0.06). Conclusions: We report an elevation of usCRP and 2OHE levels during the luteal phase in healthy adolescents. Elevations of this inflammatory marker in anovulatory adolescents without an increase in 2OHE may play a role in metabolic risks associated with chronic anovulation.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is now hypothetically considered to be an autoimmune and inflammatory process in which many pro-inflammatory and T cell-derived cytokines play important roles in the loss of bone mass. For instance, interleukin-2 (IL-2), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) secreted by Th1 and IL-6, IL-4, and IL-10 secreted by Th2 have been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a characteristic cytokine secreted by Th17 cells of the CD4 + subgroup. Although IL-17 has been shown to enhance bone resorption in ovariectomized mouse model, bone cells and genetic research, human-related studies of IL-17 are few. Methods: According to WHO classification of osteoporosis by the T scores of BMD, the subjects were divided into the postmenopausal osteoporosis group (T scores≤-2.5), the postmenopausal osteopenia group (-2.5 < T scores<-1), and the postmenopausal normal BMD group (T scores≥-1); 30 subjects in each group. Cytometric bead array (CBA) technique was employed for serum determination of the primary indexes including IL-17A, IL-2, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-4, and IL-10 concentrations in the 90 volunteers. In the meantime, serum calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and alkaline phosphatase concentrations were also determined in the patients. One-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) was employed in data analysis to determine whether the testing results of various parameters had significant differences. The bivariate correlation was tested with the Pearson correlation coefficient. When p < 0.05, the difference was considered to have statistical significance. Results: Serum IL-17A concentration was significantly higher in the postmenopausal osteoporosis group than in the postmenopausal osteopenia group and the postmenopausal normal BMD group, but the difference between the postmenopausal osteopenia group and the postmenopausal normal BMD group had no statistical significance. IL-17A was negatively correlated with BMD. To our knowledge, we discovered for the first time that serum concentrations of IFN-γ and IL-4 were significantly lower in the postmenopausal osteoporosis group than in the postmenopausal normal BMD group; IFN-γ and IL-4 were positively correlated with BMD. In addition, we also determined that BMI was negatively correlated with BMD; IL-17A was positively correlated with serum calcium. However, no significant differences in IL-6, TNF-α, IL-2, and IL-10 were observed among the three groups; these three factors were not correlated with BMD. Conclusions: Our experiments have confirmed the roles of IL-17 in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis and in the promotion of bone resorption. Targeted therapy of IL-17, IFN-γ, and IL-4 may be beneficial in the treatment of patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Our experiments have also confirmed the roles of IFN-γ and IL-4 in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis and in the inhibition of bone resorption.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: Visfatin is one of the most recent proteins shown to be highly expressed in adipose tissue. The purpose of this study was to determine visfatin levels in patients with endometrial cancer (EC). Methods: A total of 90 patients (46 EC patients and 44 healthy controls) were included in the study. Fasting venous blood samples were collected from all patients. Serum visfatin levels were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The correlation between serum visfatin levels and clinicopathologic variables were determined. Results: Serum visfatin levels were found to be higher in patients with EC (p < 0.001). Visfatin concentrations were positively correlated with age (p = 0.002, r = 0.323), body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.001, r = 0.354), fasting insulin (p = 0.002, r = 0.326), total cholesterol (TC) (p = 0.006, r = 0.285), triglyceride (TG) (p < 0.001, r = 0.364) levels and homeostasis model-resistance index (HOMA-IR) (p = 0.007, r = 0.281) of patients. By using classification and regression trees (C&RT) method, we found that visfatin predicted patients with EC 100% and controls 81.8%. Conclusion: Visfatin was the most important risk factor for occurrence of EC other than, age, BMI, Diabetes Mellitus and other biochemical factors like HDL, LDL, TG, TC. Clearly, there are largely unknown aspects of visfatin pathophysiology in EC and require further study.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are often characterized by adiposity and insulin resistance (IR). Recent studies in patients with obesity and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMt2) indicate that adiponectin and resistin may play a role in the pathophysiology of IR. The aim of this study was to identify a possible correlation between the plasma levels of adiponectin and resistin and IR in patients with PCOS. Thirty-one women of reproductive age were enrolled in this prospective study after being diagnosed with PCOS and IR according to Rotterdam and American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria, respectively. Every patient was treated with a daily dose of 1275 mg metformin for 6 months. Adiponectin, resistin, and the primary hormonal and metabolic parameters of the syndrome were evaluated at entry and endpoint of treatment. Adiponectin plasma levels were reduced after metformin treatment, but resistin levels were not significantly affected. Our study suggests that circulating levels of adiponectin should be evaluated with skepticism in patients with PCOS. The adipokine's role in the manifestation of IR in PCOS remains unclear and needs further investigation.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 11/2014;