The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (Int J LCA) is the first journal devoted entirely to LCA. LCA has become a recognized instrument to assess the ecological burdens and impacts connected with products and systems, or, more generally, with human activities. The LCA-Journal - which has been expanded by a section on Life Cycle Management (LCM) - is a forum for: Scientists developing LCA and LCM; LCA and LCM practitioners; Managers concerned with environmental aspects of products; Governmental environmental agencies responsible for product quality; Scientific and industrial societies involved in LCA development; Ecological institutions and bodies.

Current impact factor: 3.99

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 3.988
2013 Impact Factor 3.089
2012 Impact Factor 2.773
2011 Impact Factor 2.362
2010 Impact Factor 3.148
2009 Impact Factor 2.636
2008 Impact Factor 1.828
2007 Impact Factor 1.607
2006 Impact Factor 1.42
2005 Impact Factor 1.483
2004 Impact Factor 1.068
2003 Impact Factor 1.035

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 4.38
Cited half-life 5.80
Immediacy index 0.58
Eigenfactor 0.01
Article influence 1.12
Website International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment website
Other titles International journal of life cycle assessment (Online)
ISSN 0948-3349
OCLC 60628611
Material type Document, Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Author's pre-print on pre-print servers such as
    • Author's post-print on author's personal website immediately
    • Author's post-print on any open access repository after 12 months after publication
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set phrase to accompany link to published version (see policy)
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 12/2015;

  • The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-1008-2

  • The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-1005-5

  • The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-1007-3

  • The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-1000-x
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Air pollutants such as tropospheric ozone and PM2.5 travel through large areas. The damage factors (DFs) presented by existing researches in life cycle impact assessment do not take into consideration transboundary movement. A previous study used a global chemistry transport model (CTM), to develop health damage factors for ten different regions around the world by considering the transboundary movement of PM2.5. Under the same assessment procedure, this research is designed to calculate the ozone DFs by region and to find the effects of wide range movement on the DFs. Methods: The DFs by regions are defined as changes in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) derived from changes in tropospheric ozone concentration around the world which is induced by an increase in emissions of the unit amount of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC). DFs for ten regions are calculated as follows. Firstly, the concentration change of worldwide ozone caused by a change in emission of a substance from one region is estimated with a global scale CTM for both NOx and NMVOC. Secondly, DALY changes on the world due to a change in concentration of ozone are estimated by using population data and epidemiological concentration-response functions for mortality and morbidity. Finally, the above calculations are done for all targeted ten regions. Results and discussion: DFs of NOx and NMVOC for ten regions were calculated as 0.3–4.2 × 10−5 DALY/kg and 0.2–5.6 × 10−6 DALY/kg, respectively. It was found DFs might be underestimated around 10 to 70 % by region if the transboundary movement is not taken into consideration. In many regions in the northern hemisphere, about 60 % of damage occurs outside the emission area, which is larger than that of southern hemispheric regions due to a larger population exposed to downwind places. In regions of China and India, however, the influence on other regions accounted for only 10 % because these regions involve larger influences in the source region. The impact of NO titration effect can be seen in cold seasons in many regions, but it was found that the effect is remarkable on an annual average only in Europe, a cold region with large emissions. Conclusions: The human health DFs of NOx and NMVOC considering effects of transboundary movement of tropospheric ozone are estimated for ten regions by using a global CTM. As a future work, it is important to show the interannual sensitivity of the DFs through chronological assessments.
    The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-1001-9
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Flame retardants are added to plastics and textiles to save lives. However, certain brominated flame retardants (BFRs) form an environmental hazard and should be replaced by less harmful alternatives. In the recently completed European research project ENFIRO, we examined which alternatives are most suitable from a technical and environmental perspective. This study describes the LCA comparison of BFRs and halogen-free flame retardants (HFFRs) in an electronics product, in order to compare their environmental impacts over the whole life cycle and identify where in the life cycle the main impacts occur. Methods: This cradle to grave LCA used the complete life cycle of a laptop computer as the functional unit. Specific attention was paid to often neglected aspects, including emissions of flame retardants in all life cycle phases, emissions during accidental fire and improper waste treatment. New characterization factors for toxicity of flame retardants were calculated using USES-LCA2 and included in the impact assessment. Results and discussion: The largest differences in impact were found to occur in the waste phase due to an increased dioxin emission formed out of BFRs during improper waste treatment. Minor human toxicity and ecotoxicity impacts of FRs are present due to volatilization in the use phase. FR emissions during accidental fire vary with the FR’s mode of action (active in the gaseous or solid phase). The BFR scenario has a higher impact than the HFFR scenario due to a higher rate of smoke formation and a higher terrestrial ecotoxicity score. In most phases of the life cycle of FRs, fossil energy use related impact categories dominate the LCA score, i.e. climate change, fossil depletion, and particulate matter formation. Over the full life cycle, the BFR scenario has a slightly higher environmental impact than the HFFR scenario, mainly through the contribution of human toxicity in the waste phase. Conclusions: The study shows that for improvements of the life cycle environmental performance of FRs, the waste treatment phase is critical. Export and improper treatment of WEEE have the highest impact of all waste treatment options for both the BFR and HFFR scenarios, and efforts should be intensified to reduce the amount of WEEE ending up in this scenario. The study further shows that processes which are often ignored in LCA can give relevant insights into the environmental performance of a product. It is therefore recommended to broaden the scope and system boundaries of future LCA studies to include unofficial scenario options (specifically in the end-of-life phase) to provide a more complete description of the full environmental impact of a product’s life cycle and thereby contribute to relevant discussions in society and policy.
    The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-0999-z
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The objective was to assess the environmental burden of food consumption and food losses in Germany with the aim to define measures to reduce environmentally relevant food losses. To support the finding of measurements, the study provides differentiated information on life phases (agriculture, processing, retailer, and consumption), consumption places (in-house and out-of-home), and the average German food basket consisting of eight food categories. Methods: In order to obtain information on the environmental impacts of German food consumption, the study analyzed the material flows of the food products in the German food basket starting from consumption phase and going backwards until agricultural production. The analysis includes all relevant impact categories such as GWP, freshwater and marine eutrophication, particular matter formation, and agricultural land and water use. The life stages consumers, retail, wholesale, food production, and agriculture have been taken into account. Furthermore, transports to and within Germany have been considered. Consumption and production data have been taken from the German income and consumption sample, German production and trade statistics, and studies recently carried out on food losses. In order to model German food consumption, some simplifications had to be done. Results and discussion: Results show that German food consumption is responsible for 2.7 t of greenhouse gases per person and year. Fourteen cubic meters of blue water is used for agricultural food production per person, and 2673 m2 of agricultural land is occupied each year per German for food consumption. Between 14 and 20 % of the environmental burdens (depending on the impact category) result from food losses along the value chain. Out-of-home consumption is responsible for 8 to 28 % of the total environmental impacts (depending on the impact category). In particular, animal products cause high environmental burdens. Regarding life cycle phases, agriculture and consumption cause the highest impacts: together, they are responsible for more than 87 % of the total environmental burdens. Conclusions: The study shows that food production and consumption as well as food losses along the value chain are of high relevance regarding Germany’s environmental impacts. In particular, animal products are responsible for high environmental burdens. Thus, with respect to reducing environmentally relevant food losses, measures should focus in particular on the reduction of food waste of animal origin. The most relevant life cycle phases to reduce environmental impacts are agricultural production and consumption in households and out-of-home.
    The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-0983-7

  • The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-0991-7

  • The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-0985-5

  • The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-0993-5
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: When fully developed, kesterite photovoltaics will require large quantities of earth minerals including copper, zinc, tin, and sulfur to generate electricity. This leads to questions about which material options can maximize the environmental sustainability of devices. Molybdenum is used as the back contact in kesterite photovoltaic devices, but can cause a detrimental reaction with the absorber layer limiting conversion efficiency. As a result, numerous substitutes or solutions are suggested including carbon-based back contacts. While molybdenum back contacts have been characterized in past environmental assessments, the impacts of graphene and graphite in comparison were unknown. Of paramount interest is the fact that graphene is an emerging nanomaterial with the potential to provide game-changing benefits in a variety of fields; however, the potential for human and environmental health risks to be introduced by new applications remains uncertain. Methods: We apply life cycle assessment (LCA) to the selection of photovoltaic back contacts for emergent solar devices. Specifically, we use TRACI 2.0 to analyze impacts associated with molybdenum, graphite, and graphene back contact alternatives. For data sources, we provide calculated unit processes for graphene and graphite back contacts and utilize open source life cycle databases including the United States Life Cycle Inventory. We explore the sensitivity of the model to assumptions regarding processes and inputs using sensitivity analysis and simulation. Results and discussion: The results demonstrate that engineering factors, such as the amount of methane used in graphene production, as well as design factors, such as the thickness of potential graphite devices, can determine whether materials substitutions will result in environmental and health gains. Without improvements to graphene production methods, we find that graphene back contacts are associated with more significant health impacts. Graphite back contacts on the other hand are associated with increases in environmental indicators—though these increases are at levels that should not prove problematic in terms of overall impacts of solar photovoltaics. Conclusions: In conclusion, both graphite and graphene back contacts would provide potential technological improvements, but present additional risks that may need to be considered. Specific attention to graphene chemical vapor deposition improvements as well as efforts to reduce the thickness of graphite back contacts to below 5 μm are necessary to ensure that improved technical efficiency does not jeopardize the social and environmental goals of solar photovoltaics.
    The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11367-015-0978-4