Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition (J BIOMAT SCI-POLYM E )

Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers


The Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition publishes fundamental research on the properties of polymeric biomaterials and the mechanisms of interaction between such biomaterials and living organisms, with special emphasis on the molecular and cellular levels. The scope of the journal includes polymers for drug delivery, tissue engineering, large molecules in living organisms like DNA, proteins, and more. As such, the Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition combines biomaterials applications in biomedical, pharmaceutical and biological fields.

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    Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition website
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    Journal of biomaterials science. Polymer ed., Polymer edition
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    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

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Brill Academic Publishers

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the present study, hyaluronic acid (HyA) was covalently immobilized onto titanium coatings to improve their biological properties. Diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were employed to characterize the HyA-modified titanium coating. HyA-modified titanium coatings possess better cell-material interaction, and human mesenchymal stem cells present good adhesive morphologies on the surface of TC-AAH. The results of subsequent cellular evaluation showed that the immobilization of HyA on titanium coatings could improve hMSC attachment, proliferation, and differentiation. In vivo evaluation of implants in rabbit femur condyle defect model showed improvements of early osseointegration and bone-to-implant contact of TC-AAH. In conclusion, immobilization of HyA could improve biological properties of titanium coatings.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In situ forming implants are an attractive choice for controlled drug release into a fixed location. Currently, rapidly solidifying solvent exchange systems suffer from a high initial burst, and sustained release behavior is tied to polymer precipitation and degradation rate. The present studies investigated addition of hydroxyapatite (HA) and drug-loaded poly(β-amino ester) (PBAE) microparticles to in situ forming poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based systems to prolong release and reduce burst. PBAEs were synthesized, imbibed with simvastatin (osteogenic) or clodronate (anti-resorptive), and then ground into microparticles. Microparticles were mixed with or without HA into a PLGA solution, and the mixture was injected into buffer, leading to precipitation and creating solid scaffolds with embedded HA and PBAE microparticles. Simvastatin release was prolonged through 30 days, and burst release was reduced from 81 to 39% when loaded into PBAE microparticles. Clodronate burst was reduced from 49 to 32% after addition of HA filler, but release kinetics were unaffected after loading into PBAE microparticles. Scaffold dry mass remained unchanged through day 15, with a pronounced increase in degradation rate after day 30, while wet scaffolds experienced a mass increase through day 25 due to swelling. Porosity and pore size changed throughout degradation, likely due to a combination of swelling and degradation. The system offers improved release kinetics, multiple release profiles, and rapid solidification compared to traditional in situ forming implants.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The improvement of the solid content of the hydrophobic drugs (such as paclitaxel (PTX), etc.) loaded nanoparticles (NPs) dispersion is important for enhancing drug-loaded efficiency and reducing the cost in production and application. A diblock copolymer methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone-co-1,4,8-trioxa[4.6]spiro-9-undecanone) (mPECT) is synthesized via the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone and 1,4,8-trioxa[4.6]spiro-9-undecanone (TOSUO) with methoxy poly(ethyleneglycol) (mPEG) as the initiator. The chemical structures and thermal properties of mPECT are characterized by (1)HNMR, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), gel permeation chromatography, differential scanning calorimetry, etc. PEG45.45-b-P(C28.33-co-T5.38) (mPECT-2) is able to self-assemble into stable NPs in water via nanoprecipitation method at a high solid content (≤25 wt%) and their freeze-dried powders can well re-disperse in water. The paclitaxel (PTX) is chosen as a hydrophobic drug model and successfully encapsulate into the mPECT-2 NPs via the same method at a high solid content. The encapsulation efficiency, cytotoxicity and in vitro release of PTX-loaded NPs are investigated. The results suggest that the behavior of the drug-loaded mPECT-2 NPs prepared at a solid content of 25 wt% is similar to that of NPs prepared at a solid content of 1 wt%, which indicate that increasing solid content of polymer has no negative effect on the properties of NPs dispersion in application. In summary, the freeze-dried NPs prepared from the high solid content dispersion (≤25 wt%) has a good redispersibility and exhibits great potential in cost control of preparing NPs dispersion used as drug delivery system.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Drug-eluting medical implants are more common, particularly for fighting against cancers. FDA and other drug regulatory bodies have approved many nanoformulated devices eluting active pharmaceutical ingredients and thus there is growing demand for further value- added devices. Nanofibre membranes are known for its versatility of drug incorporation and sustained drug release. We intend to fabricate natural ingredient or extract, and their combination loaded polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibre for usage as drug-eluting stents or implants for anticancer activity against lung and breast cancers. The fabricated nanofibre membranes were characterised by scanning electron microscope for morphology, FT-IR for chemical nature and tensile testing for mechanical strengths. Release of curcumin was studied with time to find the applicability of the device as drug-eluting implant. The activity of the nanofibre membranes was tested against human breast cancer (MCF7) and lung cancer (A459) cell lines in vitro. In both the cell lines tested, 1% aloe vera and 5% curcumin-loaded PCL nanofibre exhibited 15% more cytotoxicity in comparison with the commercial drug 1% cis-Platin-loaded PCL nanofibre after 24 h incubation.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Polymers with targeted ligands are widely used as the anti-cancer drug delivery materials. For applications of chitosan as an anti-liver cancer drug delivery, poly (ethylene glycol)/lactobionic acid-grafted chitosan (PEG/LA-CS) was prepared and investigated since lactobionic acid can be specifically recognized by the hepatocytes. The structure of the PEG/LA-CS was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and elemental analysis. The self-assembly behaviors of the PEG/LA-CS were monitored by steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy and electronic transmission microscope. The protein adsorption of the PEG/LA-CS was detected with bovine serum albumin (BSA) by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that the PEG/LA-CS almost did not adsorb protein. To study the effects of PEG/LA-CS on the structure of BSA, the interactions between the PEG/LA-CS and BSA were detected by ultraviolet spectrum, fluorescence spectrum, and circular dichroism. All the data gave one result that BSA maintained its original folded confirmation in PEG/LA-CS solution. The hemocompatibility of PEG/LA-CS was investigated by observing the effects of PEG/LA-CS on the hemolysis rate and the plasma recalcification time (PRT). The results showed that the PRT was prolonged greatly and the hemolysis rate was less than 5%. Furthermore, PEG/LA-CS also showed good cytocompatibility with K562, Hep G2, and LO2 cells. Therefore, the PEG/LA-CS is believed to have great potential for producing injectable anti-liver cancer drug delivery.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Bacterial cellulose (BC) films containing an ethanolic extract of mangosteen peel were prepared and their physical, chemical, and anticancer properties were characterized. The cumulative absorption and release profiles of bioactive compounds in the films were determined based on total phenolic and α-mangostin content. The BC films were filled with total phenolic compounds expressed as gallic acid equivalent varying from 4.72 to 275.91 mg/cm3 dried film, and α-mangostin varying from 2.06 to 248.20 mg/cm3 dried film. A Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy evaluation showed that there were weak interactions between the functional groups of the extract and the BC. Decreases in the water absorption capacity and water vapor transmission rate of the modified films were detected. Release studies were performed using Franz diffusion cells. In a non-transdermal system, the release of bioactive compounds from the films depended on concentration, immersion time, and the pH of the dissolution medium. A transdermal diffusion study showed that 59–62% of total phenolic compounds that were initially loaded were released from the films and more than 95% of bioactive compounds released from the films were adsorbed into pig skin. Only very small amount of the bioactive compounds penetrated through pig skin and into phosphate and acetate buffers. In studies of anticancer abilities, the release of 2.0 μg/ml α-mangostin from the BC films could suppress the growth of B16F10 melanoma (approximately 31% survival). With the release of α-mangostin at greater than 17.4–18.4 μg/ml, less than 15 and 5% survival of B16F10 melanoma and MCF-7 breast cancer cells, respectively, was observed.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 01/2014; 25(9).
  • Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 01/2010; 21(3):413-413.
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    ABSTRACT: A series of nanohybrid hydrogels was designed and developed based on a hydrogen bond self-assembly of poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) networks and carboxyl-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT-COOH). The nanohybrid hydrogels show low micropore densities and large mesh sizes with an increase in MWCNT-COOH content. Particularly, the hydrogels containing 10 wt% MWCNT-COOH was observed to collapse at pore walls because of large holes, which is believed to be responsible for high swelling. The ability of the MWCNT-COOH to self-associate with PMAA or water molecules via hydrogen-bonding interactions and an additional electrostatic repulsion govern both pH response of the network and drug release. Increasing pH values causes equilibrium swelling ratios and accumulative release to be elevated. On the other hand, modified mechanical behavior can be obtained under a low content of the MWCNT-COOH in that the high MWCNT-COOH filling effects the formation of PMAA gel networks. Swelling and controlled release profiles of theophylline could be modulated by changing pH values, introducing the MWCNT-COOH and adjusting the proportions of the MWCNT-COOH component.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 02/2009; 20(7-8):1119-35.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, a series of poly(acrylic) acid (PAA)-based hydrogels was prepared by UV polymerization. Hydrogels with an interpenetrating network structure were formed by combining PAA and alginate (Alg) solutions. The incorporation of nano-silica into these gel solutions significantly increased their compressive strength and fracture toughness but lowered their cross-linking density and friction coefficient. The prepared hydrogels were considerably hydrophilic for water content greater than 98%, which is in accordance with the nature of soft tissues such as cartilage. The preliminary cell culture of adipose stem cells (ADSCs) on PAA-Alg-Si hydrogels results in good biological safety. These features suggest that the PAA-Alg-Si hydrogels prepared in this study can be used as artificial soft tissues.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 02/2009; 20(5-6):637-52.
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    ABSTRACT: A poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (PVCl) cryogel and poly(N-vinylcaprolactam)-co-gelatin interpenetrating cryogel network were synthesized and characterized with respect to physical and biological properties. The PVCl cryogel was synthesized in 5% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) containing aqueous medium and PVCl-co-gelatin interpenetrating cryogel network was synthesized in water as solvent. Both these cryogel networks have good physical morphology as confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. The porosity of these cryogels were characterized by various methods like, adsorption of water and cyclohexane and confirmed by analysis on mercury porosimeter and nitrogen adsorption studies. The porosity of PVCl and PVCl-co-gelatin cryogels was 96% and 98%, respectively, and the permeability of the two types of cryogels was 1.01 x 10(-12) m(4)/Ns and 1.66 x 10(-12) m(4)/Ns, respectively. The effective diffusion coefficients (D(eff)) of bovine serum albumin (BSA) in PVCl cryogel and PVCl-co-gelatin cryogel were 3.5 x 10(-7) cm(2)/s and 3.4 x 10(-7) cm(2)/s, respectively. These materials were further characterized to demonstrate its interaction with biological system. The blood compatibility studies showed minimal hemolysis (4-6%) caused by these materials and a very low adsorption of BSA (0.001-0.002 mg/g dry scaffold). However, the fetal bovine serum (FBS) adsorption studies demonstrate the protein binding at 37 degrees C. Furthermore, cytotoxicity test and the fibroblast cell adhesion studies showed the potential of these PVCl-based cryogels for suitable biomaterial applications.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 02/2009; 20(10):1393-415.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes the preparation and characterization of blend films composed of regenerated silk fibroin (SF) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA). FT-IR and XRD of the SF/PLA blend films with different ratios indicated that the secondary structural transition of SF from Silk I to Silk II was induced upon blending with PLA. The effects of SF/PLA blend ratios on the mechanical and physical properties of the blend films were investigated. Compared to pure SF film, the mechanical and thermal properties of the blend films were improved, and surface hydrophilicity and swelling capacity decreased due to the secondary structural transition of SF to Silk II. Among the blend films with different ratios, the SF/PLA blend film with 7 wt% PLA content showed excellent mechanical properties. Meanwhile, the BSA adsorption amount on the blend film increased with the increase of PLA content. In vitro cell adhesion test showed that the blend film was a good matrix for the growth of L929 mouse fibroblast cells. Consequently, controlling the PLA content in the SF film can improve the mechanical and physical properties of the SF film and provide a promising opportunity to widen potential application of SF in the biomaterials field.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 02/2009; 20(9):1259-74.
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    ABSTRACT: Collagen was isolated from the skin of soft-shelled turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) by acid solubilization with pepsin. The yield of soft-shelled turtle collagen (STC) was 12.1% on a dry weight basis. The electrophoresis assay showed that STC consisted of a alpha(1)alpha(2) heterodimer similar to porcine collagen (PC). Amino-acid composition analysis showed that the hydroxyproline content of STC was 7.8%, which was lower than that of PC (9.5%). The denaturation temperature of STC was 36 degrees C from optical rotation analysis. An accelerated fibrillogenesis of STC was observed in phosphate-buffered saline at 25 degrees C. The resulting STC fibrillar gel had microfibrillar network with fibril diameter of ca. 124 nm, as revealed by observation with scanning electron microscopy. The compressive moduli of the STC gel and the PC gel were 3.2 +/- 0.8 kPa and 3.6 +/- 0.3 kPa, respectively. The potential of the STC gel for biomaterial applications was investigated by in vitro cell culture. Human dermal fibroblasts were three-dimensionally cultured in the STC gel and their growth was evaluated by DNA content measurement. Steady growth was observed in the STC gel for a 6-day culture period, although the growth rate was slower than in the PC gel. In conclusion, STC could be used as a novel collagen source for biomaterial applications.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 02/2009; 20(5-6):567-76.
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    ABSTRACT: A polyethersulfone (PES) membrane was modified by blending with a co-polymer of acrylic acid (AA) and N-vinyl pyrrolidone (VP), followed by immobilization of bovine serum albumin (BSA) onto the surface. The scanning electron microscopy results showed that PES had good miscibility with the co-polymer. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed the existence of P(VP-AA) co-polymer on the surface of the blended membrane and the existence of BSA after the immobilization process. The amount of BSA immobilized on the surface of the membranes was determined. It was found that the protein adsorption amounts from BSA, human plasma fibrinogen and diluted human plasma solutions decreased significantly after modification. According to the circular dichroism results, the proteins kept more alpha-helix conformation in the modified membranes than in the pure PES membrane. The number of the adhered platelets was reduced, and the morphology change for the adherent platelets was also suppressed by the modification with BSA. The SEM morphological observation of the cells and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay demonstrated that the BSA-modified PES membrane surface promoted endothelial cell adhesion and proliferation.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 02/2009; 20(3):377-97.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new surface modification that facilitates the grafting of poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (PEGMA) on a polyurethane (PU) surface was developed using a thiol-ene reaction. The thiolated PU surface for the grafting of PEGMA was created by fabricating allylated PU through an allophanate reaction, which was then modified with tetra-thiols to enhance the functionality of the PU surface. The amount of thiol groups increased with increasing irradiation time, and its concentration was almost equilibrated after 30 min irradiation. ESCA spectra revealed new two peaks on the thiolated PU surface at 163 and 228 eV, which was assigned to sulfur, and a significant increase in the oxygen content of the poly(PEGMA)-grafted PU was shown as compared with the other groups. Also, the irradiation time-dependent increase in the surface wettability of poly(PEGMA)-grafted PU was confirmed by contact angle measurement. These surface characteristics support that poly(PEGMA)-grafted PU was successfully prepared using a thiol-ene reaction. For in vitro protein adsorption and cell proliferation tests, the poly(PEGMA)-grafted PU surface showed repellent properties against both fibrinogen and smooth muscle cells, compared to other groups. This surface graft polymerization of PEGMA on a PU surface via a thiol-ene reaction can be used as a promising surface modification for improving blood compatibility of PU-based blood-contacting devices.
    Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition 02/2009; 20(10):1473-82.

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