Military Psychology (MIL PSYCHOL )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Description

Focusing on psychological research or practice in military environments, Military Psychology facilitates communication between researchers and practitioners by publishing original research that furthers scientific knowledge in the field. Filling the gap between the Department of Defense and civilian researchers, it publishes behavioral science research having military applications in clinical and health psychology, training and human factors, manpower and personnel, social and organizational systems, and testing and measurement.

  • Impact factor
    0.72
  • 5-year impact
    1.24
  • Cited half-life
    6.40
  • Immediacy index
    0.55
  • Eigenfactor
    0.00
  • Article influence
    0.44
  • Website
    Military Psychology website
  • Other titles
    Military psychology (Online), Military psychology
  • ISSN
    0899-5605
  • OCLC
    45007137
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • On author's personal website or departmental website immediately
    • On institutional repository or subject-based repository after either 12 months embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals or 18 months embargo for SSH journals
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • The publisher will deposit in on behalf of authors to a designated institutional repository including PubMed Central, where a deposit agreement exists with the repository
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • Publisher last contacted on 25/03/2014
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The U.S. Army faces complex challenges in building and sustaining its officer force. It needs to identify and develop individuals who can adapt to many different mission types and to the various environments in which the Army operates, develop the strategic and tactical leadership skills necessary to perform effectively in higher ranks, and embrace the Army’s warrior ethos. To create a performance-based foundation for accessing, assigning, training, and retaining officers, we conducted a job analysis study. Using Army doctrine, protocol, training manuals, and input from a number of Army officers, we identified 46 leader and management major duties that officers must perform with a high level of competence. The list is intended to be relevant for all Army officer positions and levels up to lieutenant colonel, though the relative importance of and time spent on specific duties varies by level, position, branch, and mission. We also identified 55 stable individual difference attributes and attitudes that underlie the determinants of officer performance and retention. We framed our study according to 2 models of job performance, 1 specifying the determinants of job performance and the other specifying the major components of job performance. The integrated models provide a theoretical basis for designing personnel systems or interventions to impact specific components of officer perfomance and for predicting likely outcoms
    Military Psychology 01/2014; 26(4):2014.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Combat traumas precipitate posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, nontraumatic deployment and postdeployment factors may also contribute to PTSD severity. The Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory (DRRI) was used to investigate pre-, peri-, and postdeployment factors associated with current PTSD severity in 150 recent combat veterans with PTSD and hazardous alcohol use. Hierarchal linear regression analyzed what factors independently predicted PTSD severity when controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and combat specific variables. Four postdeployment factors independently predicted PTSD severity: unemployment, alcohol use, social support, and stressful (nontraumatic) life events. The centrality of trauma in the maintenance of PTSD and clinical implications for treatment providers are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2014; 26(1):15.
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    ABSTRACT: Precision strike capabilities represent a significant and highly controversial part of present day military operations. And yet, there is a surprising dearth of empirical research on military decision making in this domain. In this article, we therefore review different psychological perspectives on how these decisions can be made. Specifically, we compare the application of normative models of judgment and choice against the empirical research on human decision making, which suggests that people are more likely to employ heuristic strategies. We suggest that several features of decision tasks in the precision strike domain evoke the use of intuitive (heuristic) decision making whereas other features such as the sometimes unfamiliar (or novel) nature of the decision task requires analytic strategies to generate good solutions. Therefore, decisions about precision strike capabilities are best made with a mixture of intuitive and analytic thought, a mode of thinking known as quasirationality. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2014; 26(1):33.
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    ABSTRACT: The demands of military service, including the intensity and frequency of military operations, can have numerous effects on military families. Evidence suggests that spousal support may play an important role in the resiliency of military families. The present study examined the roles of deployment stress and social support in the psychological well-being of spouses of deployed military personnel (N = 639). The results showed that deployment stress and perceived social support from family, nonmilitary friends, and military partner played independent roles in the psychological wellbeing of military spouses. This evidence suggests the importance of taking perceived social support into account when explaining the variance in the psychological wellbeing of military spouses. Results are discussed in light of some methodological constraints, and the potential implications related to heightening families’ perceptions of interpersonal relationships are emphasized. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2014; 26(1):44.
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    ABSTRACT: While much has been made of the potential uses for virtual environment (VE) technologies as training aids, there are few guidelines and strategies to inform system development from the user’s perspective. Assumptions are that a human factors-based evaluation will ensure optimal performance, transferring training from virtual to real worlds; however, there are complex, yet unexplored, issues surrounding system optimization and employment. A comprehensive investigation into the foundations of training, traversing levels of performance analysis, from overt behavioral responses to the less explicit neuronal patterns, is proposed from which optimal training strategies can be inferred and system development guidelines deduced. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(3):191.
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    ABSTRACT: This research studied the association between dimensions of operational stress, forms of risk-taking with small arms, and possible mediators. Operational threat and negative affect were predictors, unauthorized preparedness and risky games were dependent variables, and safety climate and personality profile from the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire—Revised Short Form were mediators. The participants were 461 compulsory service soldiers in 31 companies. The results revealed that operational threat is related to unauthorized preparedness, and positive–negative affect is related to risky games. Safety climate mediated risky games only. Unauthorized preparedness and risky games were influenced by the interaction of Psychoticism and the Lie scale from the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire—Revised Short Form. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(4):319.
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    ABSTRACT: Incorporated in a simulator design project, this study assessed the utility of a simulator prototype for air combat training to optimize continued development. After several scenarios, the 13 male participants completed a survey. Seven fidelity levels: visual feedback, head-up/head-down, instrumentation, flight controls, graphics, visual resolution, and field-of-view were rated for three dimensions: realism, limitation of performance, and importance of realism. The results informed decisions about which fidelity levels, head-up/head-down and field-of-view, that should be prioritized during the next design cycle, and generated recommendations for continued simulator design and directives for further evaluations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(3):244.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examines regulatory focus as a mediator between the perception of reaching a career plateau and institutional/occupational (I/O) intention in the Taiwanese military. Empirical data were collected from 632 career officers receiving full-time training at the National Defense University. For the identification of military value, we found that Taiwanese career officers’ occupational intentions were higher than their institutional intentions. Additionally, the results indicate that prevention focus completely mediated occupational intention and that promotion focus partially mediating institutional intention. Practical management and research implications are discussed and a direction for future research is suggested. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(2):156.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: When deployed U.S. soldiers attempt to influence the attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors of civilians, success can save lives and failure can be deadly. Survey data from 228 military personnel with deployment experience to Iraq and Afghanistan revealed that in a challenging wartime environment, empathy, respect, prior relationships, and familiarity with influence targets predicted success in cross-cultural influence attempts. Influence techniques involving resources and positive feelings were used more commonly in relatively successful influence attempts; negative tactics were used more commonly in unsuccessful attempts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(5):428.
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    ABSTRACT: PC-based games are currently being used for military training, but the instructional and motivational features of such technology are not well understood. To identify features of training games that influence instruction and motivation, a popular first-person-perspective game with a military theme was analyzed empirically. Twenty-one participants played the “basic training” portion of the game, which included Army background information, virtual marksmanship training, an obstacle course, virtual weapons familiarization, and an urban terrain training mission. The results of this research provide useful information to individuals developing training games, desktop simulations, and interactive multimedia courseware to meet optimal training objectives and strategies. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(3):206.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the current two-phase study was to comprehensively identify the barriers and facilitators of mental health treatment seeking among active-duty service members. For Sample 1, focus groups were conducted with a general sample (n = 78) of United States soldiers. For Sample 2, interviews were conducted with soldiers who had sought mental health treatment (n = 32). Transcripts were coded using Atlas.ti software (Berlin, Germany), and descriptive analyses identified key themes. Factors identified by this study that have been underinvestigated in previous research included medication concerns, discomfort with discussing mental health problems, beliefs promoted by military culture, positive leader behaviors, and witnessing treatment seekers’ experiences. Common barriers included career concerns, stigma, treatment concerns, leadership problems, and practical barriers. Common facilitators included social support, leadership support, and perceived symptom severity. Findings suggest that treatment-facilitating interventions should reframe treatment-inhibiting perceptions, change leader behaviors, and employ testimonials. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(5):514.
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    ABSTRACT: The Scenario-based Performance Observation Tool for Learning In Team Environments (SPOTLITE) provides a systematic method for developing team performance measurement instruments comprised of behaviorally anchored rating scales that are tied to observable behaviors that tap critical knowledge and skills and can be assessed at specific intervals during a training scenario. We developed a measurement instrument for four-person teams of F-16 pilots training for air-to-air combat in a high-fidelity simulation environment and implemented it in a handheld computer to support fast and accurate data entry as a team executes a scenario. An experiment demonstrated the sensitivity, reliability, and validity of the instrument. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(3):266.
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    ABSTRACT: According to the 3-component model of commitment, the individual components of commitment—affective (AC), normative (NC), and continuance (CC)—combine to form profiles, and these profiles have different implications for behavior and well-being. We tested these propositions in a military context and also examined conditions (perceived organizational support, organizational justice, job satisfaction, and satisfaction with leadership) that might contribute to the development of commitment profiles. Latent profile analyses of data from 6,501 respondents to the 2010 Canadian Forces Retention Survey revealed 6 distinct profiles. Personnel with profiles reflecting strong AC and NC reported the most favorable work conditions, stay intentions, and well-being; uncommitted personnel and those with CC-dominant profiles reported the least favorable conditions, were most active in job search activities, and scored highest on anxiety and depression. The value of taking a profile approach, and the implications of managing work conditions to promote optimal profiles, are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(4):381.
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    ABSTRACT: We examined the relationships between hardiness, work engagement, and burnout. Participants were Belgian service members involved in the International Security and Assistance Force (ISAF) operation. They completed a questionnaire containing hardiness items from the revised Norwegian Hardiness Scale, items concerning vigor and dedication from the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, and those tapping cynicism and emotional exhaustion from the Utrecht Burnout Scale. Results showed that hardiness was positively related to dedication and vigor, and negatively to cynicism and emotional exhaustion. Our results further suggest that work engagement and burnout are the opposite ends of a continuum. However, analyses concerning the moderation effect of hardiness suggest that individual differences could imply different processes in the relationship between work engagement and burnout. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(2):105.
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    ABSTRACT: This paper presents the findings of a United Kingdom (UK) research program carried out over the last decade. This research has explored the benefits of using networks of simulators for collective training known in the UK as mission training through distributed simulation (MTDS). The paper provides an overview of trials carried out to date, identifies the research issues addressed, and discusses the key findings. The conclusion is that MTDS provides an immersive training environment that has the potential to support not only single service collective training, but also joint and coalition training requirements. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(3):280.