Military Psychology (MIL PSYCHOL )

Publisher: Taylor & Francis


Focusing on psychological research or practice in military environments, Military Psychology facilitates communication between researchers and practitioners by publishing original research that furthers scientific knowledge in the field. Filling the gap between the Department of Defense and civilian researchers, it publishes behavioral science research having military applications in clinical and health psychology, training and human factors, manpower and personnel, social and organizational systems, and testing and measurement.

  • Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Military Psychology website
  • Other titles
    Military psychology (Online), Military psychology
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Document, Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Taylor & Francis

  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • 12 month embargo for STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Journals
    • 18 month embargo for SSH journals
  • Conditions
    • Some individual journals may have policies prohibiting pre-print archiving
    • Pre-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Post-print on authors own website, Institutional or Subject Repository
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • On a non-profit server
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Set statements to accompany deposits (see policy)
    • Publisher will deposit to PMC on behalf of NIH authors.
    • STM: Science, Technology and Medicine
    • SSH: Social Science and Humanities
    • 'Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press)' is an imprint of 'Taylor & Francis'
  • Classification
    ​ yellow

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective was to evaluate correlated combat exposure factors among active-duty combat veterans deployed to Afghanistan and then determine how these factors are associated with behavioral and psychiatric issues postdeployment. Active-duty soldiers from one brigade combat team (N = 1,739) were surveyed to assess their most recent combat exposures and behavioral outcomes. Combat exposures were factor analyzed and included in a larger structural equation model. Three factors emerged from the analysis: some combat exposures (e.g., “active exposure”) are protective of screening positive for post-traumatic stress, while others (“passive exposure” and “exposure invoking emotion”) are predictive of screening positive for post-traumatic stress. These varying relationships should be considered during implementation of intervention and treatment of redeploying soldiers.
    Military Psychology 06/2014; 2:138-146.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Combat traumas precipitate posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, nontraumatic deployment and postdeployment factors may also contribute to PTSD severity. The Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory (DRRI) was used to investigate pre-, peri-, and postdeployment factors associated with current PTSD severity in 150 recent combat veterans with PTSD and hazardous alcohol use. Hierarchal linear regression analyzed what factors independently predicted PTSD severity when controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and combat specific variables. Four postdeployment factors independently predicted PTSD severity: unemployment, alcohol use, social support, and stressful (nontraumatic) life events. The centrality of trauma in the maintenance of PTSD and clinical implications for treatment providers are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2014; 26(1):15.
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    ABSTRACT: Precision strike capabilities represent a significant and highly controversial part of present day military operations. And yet, there is a surprising dearth of empirical research on military decision making in this domain. In this article, we therefore review different psychological perspectives on how these decisions can be made. Specifically, we compare the application of normative models of judgment and choice against the empirical research on human decision making, which suggests that people are more likely to employ heuristic strategies. We suggest that several features of decision tasks in the precision strike domain evoke the use of intuitive (heuristic) decision making whereas other features such as the sometimes unfamiliar (or novel) nature of the decision task requires analytic strategies to generate good solutions. Therefore, decisions about precision strike capabilities are best made with a mixture of intuitive and analytic thought, a mode of thinking known as quasirationality. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2014; 26(1):33.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The demands of military service, including the intensity and frequency of military operations, can have numerous effects on military families. Evidence suggests that spousal support may play an important role in the resiliency of military families. The present study examined the roles of deployment stress and social support in the psychological well-being of spouses of deployed military personnel (N = 639). The results showed that deployment stress and perceived social support from family, nonmilitary friends, and military partner played independent roles in the psychological wellbeing of military spouses. This evidence suggests the importance of taking perceived social support into account when explaining the variance in the psychological wellbeing of military spouses. Results are discussed in light of some methodological constraints, and the potential implications related to heightening families’ perceptions of interpersonal relationships are emphasized. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2014; 26(1):44.
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the training transformation now underway in the Department of Defense is to improve the preparation of warfighters. To ensure that warfighters gain the knowledge necessary to do their tasks, the Air Superiority Knowledge Assessment System (ASKAS) was developed to assess changes in knowledge of pilots as a result of Distributed Mission Operations training. The results of the current study give evidence that ASKAS may be used to evaluate different training programs, to assess what needs to be trained during a training exercise (build a syllabus), and perhaps to deliver training in a novel way. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(3):234.
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    ABSTRACT: Operational psychology continues to expand at a rapid rate. Over the course of the last decade, it has emerged from relative obscurity and developed into an exciting, and somewhat controversial, professional subdiscipline within psychology. As the community of operational psychologists has increased and matured, it has reached a tipping point, creating the need for practice guidelines, training programs, and a greater emphasis on operationally relevant empirical research. The starting point for these developments is an integrative definition of operational psychology. In this article, we revisit previous definitions, relevant research literature, and recent developments in this specialty. We propose a definition that emphasizes consultation to an operational decision maker concerning issues of national security and defense. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(2):93.
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    ABSTRACT: The Mission Essential Competency (MEC) approach to work and training needs analysis has been the focus of a multiyear research project of the United States Air Force. This article was written with the specific goal of reviewing the psychometric characteristics of the various measures that are used in this process. Using extensive survey data from different target populations, we show that the MEC measures are reliable and perform in a way that valid measures would be expected to perform, such as demonstrating appropriate expert/novice differences, expected relationships between general competencies and MECs, and reasonable relationships between job tenure and knowledge/skill. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(3):218.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effects of two dimensions of job insecurity (job loss insecurity and career insecurity) on turnover intentions were tested in a sample from the Dutch armed forces (N = 3,580) after a major downsizing operation was announced. Results suggested that especially perceptions of career insecurity increased turnover intentions. Next to this direct effect, career insecurity was also associated with lowered affective organizational commitment which in turn increased turnover intentions as well. Our results imply that, at least during downsizing operations, a multidimensional conceptualization of job insecurity helps to predict important organizational outcomes in the military. Both perceptions of the risk of losing one’s job and perceptions of possible future career opportunities are important for employee retention. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(5):489.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study investigated gender differences in anxiety and coping styles under the stress of intense military training. We surveyed Chinese female (n = 470) and male (n = 379) military officers who were surveyed during the third month of a 10-month intensive training program. Results indicated that state and trait anxiety were highly correlated in both women and men. In general, female officers had higher levels of anxiety, greater negative coping tendencies, and less perceived self-efficacy than their male counterparts. When compared with the norm, both women and men had significantly more positive coping strategies. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed factors that influenced male and female state anxiety. Avoidance, which was chosen by women more often than men, in general was less useful for female officers. The most common positive coping style for female officers was problem solving, whereas for men it was help seeking. We suggested that even female officers with lower mental health levels than their male counterparts made active cognitive changes to their coping styles when undergoing intense military training. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(2):124.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: While much has been made of the potential uses for virtual environment (VE) technologies as training aids, there are few guidelines and strategies to inform system development from the user’s perspective. Assumptions are that a human factors-based evaluation will ensure optimal performance, transferring training from virtual to real worlds; however, there are complex, yet unexplored, issues surrounding system optimization and employment. A comprehensive investigation into the foundations of training, traversing levels of performance analysis, from overt behavioral responses to the less explicit neuronal patterns, is proposed from which optimal training strategies can be inferred and system development guidelines deduced. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(3):191.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A number of reports detail ethical concerns of behavioral health providers in the U.S. Military regarding limited confidentiality. This article provides a review of limits to confidentiality in behavioral health settings as outlined by U.S. Army regulations and Department of Defense directives. Specific limits are discussed under seven categories, including: medical treatment and oversight, command notification, threats to safety, public health purposes, judicial or administrative proceedings, law enforcement investigation, and specialized personnel programs. Specific attention is given to war crimes reporting, special duty, and command involvement. Lessons learned for best practice across service branches are provided as a collaborative model for resolving perceived conflict between the APA Ethics Code and military regulations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(1):46.
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    ABSTRACT: In this article, we examined the impact of language (i.e., native English speakers vs. non-native English speakers) on two aspects of information processing associated with multinational coalition operations in a simulated precrisis, command and control (C2) headquarters (HQ). First, we examined the impact of language on situation awareness (SA) and confidence in the participants' SA responses. Second, we examined the participants' responses to questions about various aspects of language, information sharing, decision-making, identity, and cultural issues that exist within a multinational coalition operation C2 HQ. The primary findings from this work revealed that there was very little impact of language on SA and confidence and that both language groups overwhelmingly shared the same views on information sharing, decision-making, and organizational/cultural issues. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(1):57.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Killing in combat uniquely predicts elevated PTSD symptomatology among military veterans. This study investigated the effects of combat killing in a sample of 345 U.S. Army combat medics who had recently returned from operational deployments to Iraq or Afghanistan. Combat medics provide frontline medical care before, during, and after battles but also fight alongside other soldiers when under attack. Attempting to kill in combat was a significant predictor of PTSD symptomatology even after accounting for passively witnessing trauma in fellow soldiers. Medics may be well prepared to cope with the passive experiencing and witnessing of war-zone trauma, but may benefit from training to cope with the negative consequences of taking actions to kill. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(6):537.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The U.S. military has developed prophylactic interventions to mitigate effects from stress. The project reported is a first of its kind descriptive assessment of the delivery of resilience training in a deployed environment. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and an inventory of stress, morale, performance, and use of specific behaviors were administered before and after resilience training was implemented for all personnel assigned to a military facility in Afghanistan. There was a small positive relation between resilient thinking and self-reported morale, but, despite the training, both resilient thinking and morale were observed to decline across the deployment period. This descriptive effort can provide some baseline for commanders’ expectations in implementation of resilience training. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(2):148.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Contextual Performance make up a domain that can be referred to as Contextual and Citizenship Performance (CCP). CCP is essential to assess and promote in military and civilian organizations because it defines the “good soldier” prototype. Unfortunately, extant research has led to confusion as to whether CCP consists of one, two, three, six, or nine dimensions. We shed new light on the composition of CCP by evaluating one-, two-, three-, six-, and nine-dimensional theoretical models using supervisor, self-, and peer ratings of military recruits undergoing basic training. We employed Relative Percentile Method ratings to improve distinctions among ratees when the level of CCP is high. Contrary to much recent literature, our results supported a nine-dimensional theoretical model in all three rating sources. Thus, conceptualizing, assessing and promoting the proverbial “good soldier” may require a more highly nuanced perspective of CCP than is generally acknowledged. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(5):478.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous research has suggested that personality influences the coping strategies an individual uses to deal with stressors, which, in turn, influences psychological well-being. This study examines whether coping strategies mediate the relationship between neuroticism and the psychological well-being of Canadian Forces officer candidates undergoing basic training. Only partial evidence was found for the mediating role of coping strategies between neuroticism and psychological well-being. These findings suggest that coping strategies and personality may constitute two independent constructs, both of which have significant contributions to well-being among military personnel. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Military Psychology 01/2013; 25(1):3.

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