American journal of dentistry (AM J DENT)

Journal description

The American Journal of Dentistry, published by Mosher & Linder, Inc., provides peer-reviewed scientific articles with clinical significance for the general dental practitioner.

Current impact factor: 1.06

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2015
2013 / 2014 Impact Factor 1.062
2012 Impact Factor 1.057
2011 Impact Factor 0.757
2010 Impact Factor 1.145
2009 Impact Factor 1.314
2008 Impact Factor 1.13
2007 Impact Factor 1.276
2006 Impact Factor 1.027
2005 Impact Factor 1.186
2004 Impact Factor 1.032
2003 Impact Factor 1.029
2002 Impact Factor 0.961
2001 Impact Factor 0.885
2000 Impact Factor 1.452
1999 Impact Factor 1.403
1998 Impact Factor 1.135
1997 Impact Factor 1.116

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.37
Cited half-life 9.10
Immediacy index 0.13
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.38
Website American Journal of Dentistry website
Other titles American journal of dentistry, AJD
ISSN 0894-8275
OCLC 16264374
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of different restorative materials on the biofilm structure accumulated in situ. 15 discs of each material (ceramic; resin composite; resin-modified and conventional glass-ionomers; amalgam) were adapted to palatal devices in order to accumulate biofilm in situ, under a cariogenic challenge (20% sucrose solution, 10x/day). After 7 days, the specimens were carefully removed and visualized by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The images were analyzed qualitatively (descriptive analysis about cell viability and architecture) and quantitatively using COMSTAT software (area, bio-volume, mean thickness, maximum thickness and roughness coefficient of the biofilm). The statistical analysis was performed by using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Kruskal-Wallis tests (P ≤ 5%). The medians of the biofilm parameters analyzed showed no statistical difference regarding different materials. However, qualitatively, glass-ionomer cements and amalgam showed visually a prevalence of non-viable cells forming small clusters distributed by the biofilm, and voids were presented in smaller proportion in the biofilm volume compared to composite and ceramic.
    American journal of dentistry 02/2015; 28(1):3-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate, in vivo, the effect of fluoride dentifrice and diet control on the demineralization/remineralization processes at the margin of bracket/enamel interface bonded with four different bonding materials, using optical microscopy and fluorescent laser (DIAGNOdent). Premolars in 35 subjects (11 to 20 years old) were divided into Group 1 (n = 15) and Group 2 (n = 20). Four bracket/enamel interfaces (near points) and four points at a distance of 2 mm (distant points) were observed. Evaluations were made at the following times: 15 days before bracket bonding (T0), on day of bonding (T1), 1 week after bonding (T2), and 4 weeks after bonding (T3). Subjects received fluoride dentifrice, and toothbrush and were instructed to brush 3x/day, after main meals. Group 1 received the instructions at T1 and Group 2 at T0 and these were reinforced weekly. The Microarch brackets were bonded with four materials: Transbond XT; Concise Ortodôntico; Fuji Ortho LC and Monolok2. DIAGNOdent laser readouts were used for comparison. Data were statistically analyzed by Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon and Friedman tests (P < 0.05). Higher readouts were found at nearer points than at distant points; Group 2 presented lower readouts than Group 1; No differences were observed among bonding materials.
    American journal of dentistry 02/2015; 28(1):23-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the cytotoxicity of components released from different types of luting cements to two cell lines obtained from pulp tissue. Three types of luting cements were evaluated, distributed into the following groups: G1--negative control (no treatment); G2--resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (Rely X Luting 2); G3--self-adhesive resin cement (Rely X U200); and G4--conventional resin cement (Rely X ARC). Standardized cylindrical specimens (14 mm diameter and 1 mm thick) prepared with the dental materials were immersed in culture medium (DMEM) for 24 hours to obtain the extracts (DMEM + components released from the cements). Then, the extracts were applied to cultured odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells or human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). Finally, cell viability (MTT assay), cell death (Annexin/PI) (Kruskal-Wallis/Mann-Whitney; α = 5%) and cell morphology (SEM) were assessed. Cements' components in contact with cells (SEM/EDS) and pH of the extracts were also evaluated. The resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (G2) caused the most intense toxic effect to the two cell lines; the cell viability reduction was around 95.8% and 89.4% for MDPC-23 cells and HDPCs, respectively, which was statistically significantly different compared with that of the negative control group (G1). Also, a high quantity of particles leached from this ionomeric cement was found on the cells, which showed intense morphological alterations. In the G2 group, 100% necrosis was observed for both cell lines, and an acidic pH was detected on the extract. Conversely, Rely X U200 (G3) and Rely X ARC (G4), which presented low solubility and no alteration in pH, caused only slight cytotoxicity to the cultured cells.
    American journal of dentistry 10/2014; 27(5):237-44.
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    ABSTRACT: An equivalence randomized controlled trial within the subject was organized to evaluate the clinical long-term success of a new 2-step etch & rinse adhesive and a new nano-filled ormocer. 50 subjects, 21 males and 29 females aged between 21 and 65, were randomized to receive 150 restorations, 100 with the new restorative material, 50 with the composite as control, placed in non-carious cervical lesions with the same bonding system. The main outcome measure was the cause of failure at 8 years. Randomization was number table-generated, with allocation concealment by opaque sequentially numbered sealed and stapled envelopes. Subjects, examiner, and analyst were blinded to group assignment. Two interim analyses were performed. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Cox test (P < 0.05). After 8 years, 40 subjects and 120 teeth were included in the analysis of the primary outcome. There were eight failures in the experimental group and four failures in the control group. The cumulative loss rate was 7% for both restorative materials, with the annual failure lower than 1%, without any statistically significant difference. There were two key elements of failure: the presence of sclerotic dentin and the relationship between lesion and gingival margin.
    American journal of dentistry 10/2014; 27(5):245-50.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the long-term success rate of white MTA pulpotomies in primary teeth and its influence upon eruption and calcification of the permanent successor, as well as other key clinical and radiographic parameters. A total of 138 molars from participants between 2-10 years of age were included. Clinical and radiographic parameters were monitored in the primary and/or permanent successor at 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, and 48 months or until eruption of the permanent successor, using the contralateral tooth as control. Chi-squared test and the Spearman correlation coefficient (r) were used to evaluate potential associations and distributions between radiographic/clinical parameters (P < 0.05; 95% CI). Clinical alterations were observed in 1.4% of the primary molars. Unfavorable radiographic pulp responses (furcation radiolucency, internal root resorption with perforation, or external root resorption) were observed in 6.5% of the cases. Dentin bridge formation in the roots was observed in a range as low as 71.2% to a maximum of 89.9% of the cases. The presence or absence of dentin bridge formation in any of the roots was not associated or correlated with the age of the patient (P > 0.05). Reparative dentin formation in any of the the root canals was recorded in 37.3 to a 68.1% of the canals (P > 0.05). The 50 permanent successors recorded after exfoliation of the treated molars showed no alterations in color, mineralization, structure or position, and no alterations in the timing of eruption were noted.
    American journal of dentistry 10/2014; 27(5):268-72.
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    ABSTRACT: A fluoride-releasing coating material containing surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer (S-PRG) filler has become commercially available. However, there has been no detailed investigation of its remineralization effects at various tooth surface regions. The remineralization effects of S-PRG filler-containing coating material at different sites of demineralized dentin surfaces in vitro were evaluated. Baseline lesions were prepared on bovine root dentin surfaces by immersion in demineralization buffer and divided into four groups: (B)--baseline lesion; (P)--S-PRG filler-containing material; (V)--S-PRG filler-free coating material as negative control; and (X)--resin-modified glass- ionomer as positive control. Material was applied to half the lesion surface, then P, V and X were remineralized in a gel system. Mineral profiles, integrated mineral loss (IML) and lesion depth (LD) at four regions, i.e. 1--exposed dentin surface adjacent to the material; 2--at a distance from the material; 3--beneath the material near to the edge; and 4--at a distance from the edge, were analyzed by transversal microradiography. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Games-Howell test with α = 0.05. B showed typical artificial demineralized lesion. The IMLs of V, P and X at regions 1 and 2, and P and X at region 3 were significantly lower than that of B, however, those of V at region 3 and the other three groups at region 4 were not significantly different from that of B. At region 1, P and X showed significantly lower IMLs than V. At region 2, the IML of X showed significantly lower IML than V. There was no significant difference between P and X. The LD values of V, P and X at all regions were not significantly different from that of B. Fluoride, strontium and silicate ions released from the S-PRG filler would provide a favorable environment for remineralization of the demineralized dentin in P.
    American journal of dentistry 10/2014; 27(5):258-62.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the color parameters (CIELab*) after the cementation of ceramic disks of different thicknesses onto a resin substrate using four different shades of resin cements, and determine the color difference (ΔE) between the adhesively cemented disks and a 10 mm-thick A1 shade ceramic control (target color). Ceramic disks, simulating laminate veneers, with thicknesses of 0.5, 0.7 and 1.0 mm (shade A1, IPS Classic) were fabricated (n = 40) and cemented with a dual-cured resin cement (Variolink II, shades A1, bleach, opaque and transparent) onto 120 2 mm-thick resin composite substrates (shade A3.5, Adoro). Each ceramic disk was photocured for 80 seconds. The determination of the CIELab* parameters of each ceramic-cement-substrate set was performed with a spectrophotometer. A 10 mm-thick A1 ceramic disk was used as a control. The results for the color difference (ΔE) obtained from L*, a* and b* parameters were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The ΔE values ranged from 2.46 (1.0 mm, opaque cement) to 12.11 (0.5 mm, A1 cement). The opaque cement showed the lower ΔE values, followed by the bleach, transparent and A1 cements. With respect to the thickness of the ceramic, color differences between the target color and the group with 1.0 mm ceramic disks were smaller for all cement shades tested. Only the combination of 1.0 mm ceramic disks cemented with the opaque cement was able to mask the background color (ΔE < 3.7). The color differences between the control and the specimens cemented with opaque resin cement were smaller in comparison with the bleach, transparent and A1 cements.
    American journal of dentistry 08/2014; 27(4):191-4.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy of an oscillating-rotating power toothbrush with a novel brush head incorporating angled CrissCross bristles (Oral-B Pro 7000 SmartSeries and Oral-B CrossAction brush head) versus a marketed sonic toothbrush (Colgate ProClinical A1500 with the Triple Clean brush head) in the reduction of gingivitis and plaque over a 6-week period. This was a single center, randomized, open label, examiner-blind, 2-treatment, parallel group study. Study participants who met the entrance criteria were enrolled in the study and randomly assigned to one of the two toothbrush groups. Study participants brushed with their assigned toothbrush and a marketed fluoride dentifrice for 2 minutes twice daily at home for 6 weeks. Gingivitis and plaque were evaluated at baseline and Week 6. Gingivitis was assessed using the Modified Gingival Index (MGI) and Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI) and plaque was assessed using the Rustogi Modified Navy Plaque Index (RMNPI). Data was analyzed using the ANCOVA with baseline as the covariate. In total, 130 study participants were randomized to treatment resulting in 64 study participants per group completing the study. Both brushes produced statistically significant (P < 0.001) reductions in gingivitis and plaque measures relative to baseline. The oscillating-rotating,brush with the novel brush head demonstrated statistically significantly (P < 0.05) greater reductions in all gingivitis measures, as well as whole mouth and interproximal plaque measures, compared to the sonic toothbrush. The benefit for the oscillating- rotating brush over the sonic brush was 21.3% for gingivitis, 35.7% for gingival bleeding, 34.7% for number of bleeding sites, 17.4% for whole mouth plaque, and 21.2% for interproximal plaque. There were no adverse events reported or observed for either brush.
    American journal of dentistry 08/2014; 27(4):179-84.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the esthetic outcome of four different approaches to treat gingival recession, associated with non-carious cervical lesion (combined defects) and the possible roles of patient-related factors in this esthetic outcome. 78 combined defects were previously treated by: coronally advanced flap (CAF), CAF plus cervical restoration using resin-modified glass-ionomer material (CAF+R), connective tissue graft (CTG) and CTG+R. After a follow-up of 2 years, esthetic evaluations were performed using a modification of the Root Coverage Esthetic Score (MRES) and Qualitative Cosmetic Evaluation (QCE). Additionally, regression analyses were performed to evaluate the influence of patient-related factors in the final esthetic outcome. The MRES showed that CAF and CTG had statistically significantly better results, when compared to the other groups (P < 0.05). Similarly, the QCE showed that CAF and CTG, along with CAF+R presented better results, and CTG+R showed the poorest esthetic outcome. Regression analyses showed that the overall gingival inflammation (full mouth bleeding index--FMBI) was negatively associated with CTG MRES score (P = 0.04 and R = -0.48). This means that the greater the FMBI during the study period, the lower the final esthetic score.
    American journal of dentistry 08/2014; 27(4):220-4.