American journal of dentistry (AM J DENT)

Journal description

The American Journal of Dentistry, published by Mosher & Linder, Inc., provides peer-reviewed scientific articles with clinical significance for the general dental practitioner.

Current impact factor: 0.85

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2014 Impact Factor 0.85
2013 Impact Factor 1.062
2012 Impact Factor 1.057
2011 Impact Factor 0.757
2010 Impact Factor 1.145
2009 Impact Factor 1.314
2008 Impact Factor 1.13
2007 Impact Factor 1.276
2006 Impact Factor 1.027
2005 Impact Factor 1.186
2004 Impact Factor 1.032
2003 Impact Factor 1.029
2002 Impact Factor 0.961
2001 Impact Factor 0.885
2000 Impact Factor 1.452
1999 Impact Factor 1.403
1998 Impact Factor 1.135
1997 Impact Factor 1.116

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 1.26
Cited half-life 9.90
Immediacy index 0.03
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.33
Website American Journal of Dentistry website
Other titles American journal of dentistry, AJD
ISSN 0894-8275
OCLC 16264374
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To clinically (a) determine whether laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) was able to assess pulp tissue health or disease in situations of pulp exposure; (b) evaluate the influence of different pulp tissue conditions upon LIF through dentin thicknesses of ≤1 mm; and (c) explore possible differences between the diagnostic performance of quantitative (q) and qualitative (ql) LIF. 98 healthy subjects were scheduled for the treatment of caries. Three groups were established according to pulp tissue condition: Group A (n=30 teeth) (deep caries with healthy pulp tissue); Group B (n=30 teeth) (pulp necrosis); and Group C (n=30 teeth) (irreversible symptomatic acute pulpitis). The carious lesions were eliminated, and q and ql LIF measurements were made at two levels: measurement in dentin at < 1 mm from the pulp (A-D); and direct pulp exposure measurement (A-LP). In healthy pulp tissue at level A-LP, eight teeth with accidental pulp exposure were used. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to evaluate the statistical significance of the differences in LIF readings among the three groups. The diagnostic performance of q and ql LIF in application to pulp tissue health or disease was assessed by calculating the sensitivity and specificity of the two tests at level A-LP. A significant correlation was observed between acute pulpitis and an increase in the q LIF values at level A-D (P= 0.004), but with no correlation to healthy pulp. Quantitative and qualitative LIF may be useful in diagnosing pulp tissue health or disease in situations of pulp exposure (A-LP).
    American journal of dentistry 04/2015; 28(2):75-80.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the efficacy of a solar-powered TiO2 semiconductor electric toothbrush on Porphyromonas gingivalis biofilm. P. gingivalis cells were cultivated on sterilized coverslips under anaerobic conditions and were used as a biofilm. To evaluate the efficacy of the solar-powered TiO2 electric toothbrush on the P. gingivalis biofilm, the bacterial cell biofilm coverslips were placed into sterilized phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and brushed for 1 minute. Following mechanical brushing, the coverslips were stained with 1% crystal violet (CV) for 10 seconds at room temperature. The efficacy of P. gingivalis biofilm removal by the solar-powered TiO2 electric toothbrush was measured through the absorbance of the CV-stained solution containing the removed biofilm at 595 nm. The antimicrobial effect of the solar-powered TiO2 semiconductor was evaluated by the P. gingivalis bacterial count in PBS by blacklight irradiation for 0 to 60 minutes at a distance of 7 cm. The electrical current though the solar-powered TiO2 semiconductor was measured by a digital multimeter. The biofilm removal by the solar-powered TiO2 semiconductor was also evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The biofilm removal rate of the solar-powered TiO2 electric toothbrush was 90.1 ± 1.4%, which was 1.3-fold greater than that of non-solar-powered electric toothbrushes. The solar-powered TiO2 semiconductor significantly decreased P. gingivalis cells and biofilm microbial activity in a time-dependent manner (P< 0.01). The electrical current passing through the solar-powered TiO2 semiconductor was 70.5 ± 0.1 µA, which was a 27-fold higher intensity than the non-solar-powered brush. SEM analysis revealed that the solar-powered TiO2 semiconductor caused a biofilm disruption and that cytoplasmic contents were released from the microbial cells.
    American journal of dentistry 04/2015; 28(2):81-84.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of a high elastic modulus material insert on the stress, shock absorption and displacement of mouthguards. Finite element models of a human maxillary central incisor with and without mouthguard were created based on cross-sectional CT-tomography. The mouthguard models had four designs: without insert, and middle, external, or palatal hard insert. The hard inserts had a relatively high elastic modulus when compared to the elastic modulus of ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA): 15 GPa versus 18 MPa. A non-linear dynamic impact analysis was performed in which a heavy rigid object hit the model at 1 m/s. Strain and stress (von Mises and critical modified von Mises) distributions and shock absorption during impact were calculated as well as the mouthguard displacement. The model without mouthguard had the highest stress values at the enamel and dentin structures in the tooth crown during the impact. It was concluded that the use of a mouthguard promoted lower stress and strain values in the teeth during impact. Hard insertion in the middle and palatal side of the mouthguard improved biomechanical response by lowering stress and strain on the teeth and lowering mouthguard displacement.
    American journal of dentistry 04/2015; 28(2):116-20.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the effect of combinations of fluoride (F) products on remineralization of caries-like lesions. Demineralized human enamel specimens were assessed by surface microhardness (SMH), stratified and allocated to five treatments groups: (1) Toothpaste containing 1% nano hydroxyapatite (HAP) + 1,450 ppm F; (2) Tooth mousse containing 10% casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) + 900 ppm F plus F toothpaste (1,450 ppm F as NaF); (3) F varnish containing 22,600 ppm F plus F toothpaste (1,450 ppm F as NaF); (4) F toothpaste (1,450 ppm F as NaF); and (5) placebo--distilled water (P). Each group was treated in a 21-day pH-cycling model. Groups 1, 4 and 5 were treated 2x/day. In Group 3, the tooth mousse was administered 1x/day plus 2x/day F toothpaste treatment. In Group 4, F varnish was administered 1x/week plus 2x/day treatment with F toothpaste. After cycling, SMH was re-measured and cross-sectional microhardness measurements were taken. Groups 1-4 produced significant rehardening of enamel. In the superficial layer (25-50 μm deep) significantly higher mineralization (up to 83%, by Volume (V), P < 0.0001) was achieved for Groups 2 and 3. In the area of 75-100 μm deep, the highest mineralization was observed for Groups 1 and 4 (V% = 68-83%).
    American journal of dentistry 02/2015; 28(1):51-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the in vitro antimicrobial effects of carbamide peroxide (CP) and CP-based home bleaching agents against polymicrobial (PM) biofilms. Using a high-throughput active attachment model, PM biofilms were cultured on glass coverslips by diluting the stimulated saliva of one healthy adult. All experiments were performed anaerobically in McBain medium, which was refreshed twice daily. After biofilm formation for 24 or 72 hours, the biofilms were treated with 0.5%, 2.5%, 5%, or 10% CP, 20-fold dilutions of HiLite Shade Up (HS) or Opalescence Regular (OR), 0.2% chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX), 0.2% NaF, or deionized water (n = 10 each). Biofilms were dispersed and the number of colony forming units (CFU) was measured on tryptic soy agar blood plates. Coverslips containing 72-hour biofilms treated with 0.5% and 10% CP and deionized water were stained and scanned by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Treatment of 24- and 72-hour biofilms with HS, OR and CH yielded significantly fewer colonies than treatment with water or 0.2% NaF. No growing colonies were observed after treatment with 10% CP. CLSM showed that the percentage of dead bacteria increased as the concentration of CP increased.
    American journal of dentistry 02/2015; 28(1):57-60.
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    ABSTRACT: To simulate an oral demineralization environment by multiple species of bacteria by inducing subsurface dentin lesions with a polymicrobial biofilm model. Polymicrobial biofilms consisting of multiple species of bacteria were generated from stimulated saliva using a high-throughput active attachment model. Biofilms were grown on dentin specimens in McBain medium containing 0, 0.2 or 2.5 ppm F and on glass without fluoride for 192 hours. The medium was refreshed twice daily, after 10 and 14 hours, until 72 hours, followed by treatment for 5 minutes with 400 ppm fluoride. Specimens were recovered after 192 hours. The number of colony forming units (CFU) was measured, and integrated mineral loss (IML) was determined by transversal microradiography. Mineral profiles in specimens grown with 0.2F and 2.5F revealed surface layers and initial lesions distinct from those grown with 0F. IML was significantly lower with 0.2F and 2.5F than with 0F (P < 0.05), although CFUs were similar. CFUs of biofilms grown on dentin in medium containing 0F were 10-fold higher than on glass (P < 0.05). Subsurface lesions on dentin formed consistently, with their growth progression inhibited by application of fluoride. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the induction of subsurface dentin lesions by a polymicrobial biofilm model, and this model may be useful for studies of demineralization supporting in situ and in vivo models.
    American journal of dentistry 02/2015; 28(1):13-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate, in vivo, the effect of fluoride dentifrice and diet control on the demineralization/remineralization processes at the margin of bracket/enamel interface bonded with four different bonding materials, using optical microscopy and fluorescent laser (DIAGNOdent). Premolars in 35 subjects (11 to 20 years old) were divided into Group 1 (n = 15) and Group 2 (n = 20). Four bracket/enamel interfaces (near points) and four points at a distance of 2 mm (distant points) were observed. Evaluations were made at the following times: 15 days before bracket bonding (T0), on day of bonding (T1), 1 week after bonding (T2), and 4 weeks after bonding (T3). Subjects received fluoride dentifrice, and toothbrush and were instructed to brush 3x/day, after main meals. Group 1 received the instructions at T1 and Group 2 at T0 and these were reinforced weekly. The Microarch brackets were bonded with four materials: Transbond XT; Concise Ortodôntico; Fuji Ortho LC and Monolok2. DIAGNOdent laser readouts were used for comparison. Data were statistically analyzed by Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon and Friedman tests (P < 0.05). Higher readouts were found at nearer points than at distant points; Group 2 presented lower readouts than Group 1; No differences were observed among bonding materials.
    American journal of dentistry 02/2015; 28(1):23-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of different restorative materials on the biofilm structure accumulated in situ. 15 discs of each material (ceramic; resin composite; resin-modified and conventional glass-ionomers; amalgam) were adapted to palatal devices in order to accumulate biofilm in situ, under a cariogenic challenge (20% sucrose solution, 10x/day). After 7 days, the specimens were carefully removed and visualized by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The images were analyzed qualitatively (descriptive analysis about cell viability and architecture) and quantitatively using COMSTAT software (area, bio-volume, mean thickness, maximum thickness and roughness coefficient of the biofilm). The statistical analysis was performed by using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Kruskal-Wallis tests (P ≤ 5%). The medians of the biofilm parameters analyzed showed no statistical difference regarding different materials. However, qualitatively, glass-ionomer cements and amalgam showed visually a prevalence of non-viable cells forming small clusters distributed by the biofilm, and voids were presented in smaller proportion in the biofilm volume compared to composite and ceramic.
    American journal of dentistry 02/2015; 28(1):3-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokine levels in plasma and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) from chronic periodontitis patients and healthy controls. The concentration of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, TNF, and IFN-γ were determined using a flow cytometric multiplex immunoassay (CBA), and was compared between the periodontitis group and the healthy group. Spearman rho coefficient was used to correlate cytokines in GCF in the periodontitis group and the healthy group, respectively. Comparisons of two groups of Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokine levels in plasma and GCF showed no statistically significant differences (P > 0.05), except Th17 (IL-17) level in plasma that was higher in the periodontitis group than the healthy group (P < 0.05). A stronger correlation between IL-17/IL-4 and IL-17/IL-10 was observed in periodontitis patients than in healthy controls.
    American journal of dentistry 02/2015; 28(1):9-12.