The International journal of prosthodontics (INT J PROSTHODONT )

Publisher: International College of Prosthodontists, Quintessence Publishing


Official Journal of the International College of Prosthodontists and the International Society for Maxillofacial Rehabilitation. Provides the worldwide dental community with current, scientifically sound information on patient care, research, and education in prosthodontics and interrelated disciplines. Known among international researchers, academics, and clinicians for its thorough and extensive review procedures, this journal continues to process articles as quickly as possible in keeping with its goal to present "news - not history." Scientific research articles remain the core, but the journal now opens its pages to more clinical reports and literature reviews.

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    International Journal of Prosthodontics (IJP) website
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    The International journal of prosthodontics
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    Periodical, Internet resource
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    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

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Quintessence Publishing

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Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between skin color (shade) and tooth shade under standard and nonstandard illumination sources. Materials and Methods: Four hundred Jordanian participants (200 males, 200 females, 20 to 50 years of age) were studied. Skin colors were assessed and categorized using the L'Oreal and Revlon foundation shade guides (light, medium, dark). The Vita Pan Classical Shade Guide (VPCSG; Vident) and digital Vita EasyShade Intraoral Dental Spectrophotometer (VESIDS; Vident) were used to select shades in the middle thirds of maxillary central incisors; tooth shades were classified into four categories (highest, high, medium, low). Results: Significant gender differences were observed for skin colors (P = .000) and tooth shade guide systems (P = .001 and .050 for VPCSG and VESIDS, respectively). The observed agreement was 100% and 93% for skin and tooth shade guides, respectively. The corresponding kappa statistic values were 1.00 and 0.79, respectively (substantial agreement, P < .001). The observed agreement between skin color and tooth shades (VPCSG and VESIDS) was approximately 50%. Conclusions: The digital tooth shade guide system can be a satisfactory substitute for classical tooth shade guides and clinical shade matching. There was only moderate agreement between skin color and tooth shade.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 09/2014; 27(5):458-460.
  • The International journal of prosthodontics 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the personality judgement made by interlocutors on elderly individuals with different dental appearances. Methods: A random sample of 120 old (♂=57, ♀=63; third age: n=51, Age: 68.6±5.0; fourth age: n=69, Age: 85.8±3.0 years) and 120 young (♂=54, ♀=66; Age: 24.9±3.5 years) subjects were included in the study. Decayed, natural and ideal dental appearances were simulated on photographs of an elderly man and woman. Participants were requested to judge the personality traits of two randomly selected photos. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results: Both groups judged the photos strikingly similar by attributing an overall higher social class to the ideal dental appearance (old: ♂ p=0.0295, ♀ p=0.0420; young: ♂ p=0.0003, ♀ p=0.0042). This difference is less obvious when only the third age participants were analysed. They designated a higher social class to the natural than the decayed and ideal dental appearance in the man (p=0.0322; p=0.0092) and lower intellectual capacities to the decayed appearance in the woman (p=0.0351). The fourth age sub-group made no such distinction. Conclusion: Personality judgements are influenced by dental appearance in both, young and old persons. However, in the very old sub-group no such influence could be verified. Consequently dental aesthetics should not be neglected in dental care for elderly adults.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 11/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this trial was to evaluate telescopic-retained prostheses on teeth and implants. Materials and Methods: Ten patients with a mean of 2.8 teeth received strategic implants to achieve triangular/quadrangular support. Survival and complication rates were estimated for telescopic abutments and prostheses. Results: After a mean observation period of > 2 years, no abutment was lost and all prostheses were in function. Complication rates were low, and maintenance services were limited to minor interventions. Conclusions: Combined tooth-implant-retained telescopic prostheses improve prosthetic support and offer successful function over a midterm period in patients with a severely reduced dentition.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 11/2013; 26(6):536-40.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To develop and validate an instrument for the assessment of patient-based measures of process-related quality of care in prosthodontic patients. Materials and Methods: In this nonrandomized study, the new Burdens in Prosthetic Dentistry Questionnaire (BiPD-Q) was developed in two steps using a total of 128 prosthodontic patients in a mixed-method approach, combining quantitative-qualitative methodologies. First, the item pool for the instrument was created using semistructured interviews and a group of experts in prosthodontics. This resulted in a preliminary version of the questionnaire. Second, an assessment of redundancy, completion rates, face validity, difficulty, and distribution of the core set of the items was performed. The final version of the BiPD-Q had psychometric core properties (reliability and validity) evaluated. Results: The BiPD-Q consisted of 25 items. Reliability was satisfactory (Cronbach's alpha = .87). The mean score of all items of the BiPD-Q was significantly correlated with mean perceived burdens during treatment as rated by the clinician (r = 0.26; P < .01) and with overall satisfaction with the treatment procedures as rated by patients (r = .31; P < .01), indicating sufficient convergent validity. Conclusion: A reliable and valid instrument for the assessment of patient-based process-related quality of care in prosthodontics has been developed. The BiPD-Q allows comparisons of different dental procedures within a treatment course and of different treatment providers. The use of this type of questionnaire appears to be a valuable tool for dental health care research. The outcomes of research using the BiPD-Q may result in a more pleasant treatment experience for future patients.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 05/2013; 26(3):250-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this clinical study was to compare peri-implant crestal bone levels between misfitting (overhanging/open margin) cement-retained implant single crowns (SCs) vs accurately fitted implant SCs. Seventeen subjects were divided into two groups: test group (misfitting crowns, n = 10) and control group (accurately fitted crowns, n = 7). Crestal bone level changes were assessed using digital software. The average differences in mean bone loss within and between the two groups were statistically significant. Cement-retained implant SCs with marginal misfit resulted in more crestal bone loss than accurately fitted crowns after a mean of 3 years in function.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 03/2013; 26(2):135-7.
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    ABSTRACT: No Abstract Available.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 03/2013; 26(2):104-105.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The clinical performance of three- and four-unit fixed partial dentures (FPDs) with frameworks made of yttria partially stabilized zirconia was determined after a mean observational period of 84 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five patients were treated with 99 posterior FPDs. Fifty-one specimens were veneered with an experimental ceramic suitable for titanium and zirconia frameworks; 48 restorations were veneered with a commercially available low-fusing ceramic optimized for zirconia frameworks. All restorations were luted with zinc-phosphate cement. Statistical analysis was performed according to Kaplan-Meier; potential risk factors were analyzed using the Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Nineteen restorations failed completely: 12 due to technical complications, 6 due to biologic complications, and 1 for unknown reasons. The overall survival rate after 84 months was 83.4%. Thirty-two events required clinical intervention for restoration maintenance, resulting in a time-dependent success rate of 57.9% after 84 months. Nineteen dropouts occurred during the follow-up time. None of the evaluated factors showed an association with survival or success of the restorations. CONCLUSIONS: After a mean observational period of 7 years, the survival and success rates of zirconia-based posterior FPDs were inferior to those published for metal-ceramic FPDs. The majority of failures were caused by technical complications (material fractures). The main reasons for clinical intervention to maintain function were fractures of the veneering ceramic and decementations.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 03/2013; 26(2):164-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This study aimed to review the current state of the techniques and materials used to rehabilitate maxillofacial defects. Materials and Methods: The MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for articles pertinent to maxillofacial prostheses published from January 1990 to July 2011. The main clinical stages were the subject of analysis. Results: A multidisciplinary approach is preferred when rehabilitating maxillofacial defects. Surgical reconstruction can be used for smaller defects, but larger defects require a prosthesis to achieve an esthetic rehabilitation. Implantretained prostheses are preferred over adhesive prostheses. Silicone elastomer is currently the best material available for maxillofacial prostheses; however, longevity and discoloration, which are greatly influenced by ultraviolet radiation, microorganisms, and environmental factors, remain significant problems. In the near future, the widespread availability and cost effectiveness of digital systems may improve the workflow and outcomes of facial prostheses. Patients report high satisfaction with their prostheses despite some areas that still need improvement. Conclusions: Maxillofacial prostheses are a reliable treatment option to restore maxillofacial defects and improve quality of life. Significant progress has been made in the application of implants for retention and digital technology for designing surgical guides, suprastructures, and craniofacial prostheses. Further improvements are necessary to enhance longevity of prostheses.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 01/2013; 26(1):57-67.
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    ABSTRACT: No Abstract Available.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 01/2013; 26(1):9.
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    ABSTRACT: No Abstract Available.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 11/2012; 25(6):537.
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    ABSTRACT: No abstract available.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 09/2012; 25(5):432-5.
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    ABSTRACT: No Abstract Available.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 09/2012; 25(5):428-9.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new denture-cleaning device using hydroxyl radicals generated from photolysis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Electron spin resonance analysis demonstrated that the yield of hydroxyl radicals increased with the concentration of H2O2 and light irradiation time. Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and methicillin-resistant S aureus were killed within 10 minutes with a > 5-log reduction when treated with photolysis of 500 mM H2O2; Candida albicans was killed within 30 minutes with a > 4-log reduction with photolysis of 1,000 mM H2O2. The clinical test demonstrated that the device could effectively reduce microorganisms in denture plaque by approximately 7-log order within 20 minutes.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 07/2012; 25(4):376-80.
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    ABSTRACT: This study compared the dietary intake of edentulous subjects dissatisfied with their existing mandibular complete dentures following two different prosthodontic management interventions. A convenience sample of 60 subjects was randomly allocated into two equal treatment modalities: relined conventional denture (RCD) or converted implant-retained overdenture (IOD). Two-year data incorporating demographics and food avoidance were recorded using a self-administered questionnaire at baseline and regular follow-up intervals. Twenty-four-hour dietary intake assessments were obtained by telephone interviews at three spaced intervals. Dietary analyses were based on nutrient values from the Norwegian Food Composition Table. Twenty-seven patients in the IOD group and 26 in the RCD group completed the protocol. There were no statistical differences regarding dietary intake and energy distribution. Intake of protein and fat, especially saturated fat, were above Nordic recommendations, and carbohydrate intake was below. Vitamin D intake was at the recommended level, but that of vitamin C, folate, and fiber were lower than recommended. The IOD group reported significantly less avoidance of certain food items at 3 and 24 months (P < .001), better chewing ability (P < .001), and greater willingness to eat more of some food items (P < .001). There were no significant differences regarding food choices and nutrient intake between the IOD and RCD groups. However, the IOD group reported significantly better chewing ability, less food avoidance, and greater willingness to eat more of certain food items.
    The International journal of prosthodontics 07/2012; 25(4):340-7.

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