Critical Reviews in Neurobiology Journal Impact Factor & Information

Publisher: Begell House

Journal description

Critical Reviews in Neurobiology presents up-to-date information from pertinent neurobiological disciplines with relevance to basic neuroscience, clinical neurobiology, and psychiatric considerations. Developmental neurobiology and the neurobiology of the aging are included. The journal integrates wide-ranging, often contradictory literature in a focused manner. Articles satisfy the needs of basic neuroscience researchers, as well as allowing clinicians to keep abreast of the scientific basis of neurology and allied medical areas. The Journal provides a means of placing basic science information into clinical perspective, speaking directly to the issues that have become prominent during the past decade. Critical Reviews in Neurobiology provides focus by reviewing significant contributions from a wide range of disciplines in the context of their impact on important clinical problems.

Current impact factor: 0.00

Impact Factor Rankings

2015 Impact Factor Available summer 2016
2001 Impact Factor 5.75
2000 Impact Factor 7.778
1999 Impact Factor 5.074
1998 Impact Factor 5.355
1997 Impact Factor 3.297

Impact factor over time

Impact factor

Additional details

5-year impact 0.00
Cited half-life 0.00
Immediacy index 0.00
Eigenfactor 0.00
Article influence 0.00
Website Critical Reviews in Neurobiology website
Other titles Critical reviews in neurobiology, Chemical Rubber Company critical reviews in neurobiology, CRC critical reviews in neurobiology
ISSN 0892-0915
OCLC 15076105
Material type Periodical
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper

Publisher details

Begell House

  • Pre-print
    • Archiving status unclear
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Deposit in institutional repositories is not allowed
    • NIH Authors can deposit in PubMed Central for public release after 12 month embargo
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Publisher last reviewed on 25/06/2015
  • Classification

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Specific effects of the dopamine synaptic transmission modulator on the activity of sensomotor cortical neurons in a wakeful animal, performing a conditioned reflex are discussed. First, specific responses in the neocortical neurons after application of glutamate agonists and antagonists and gamma aminobutyric acid are described and then the effect of dopamine, its agonists and antagonists and amantadine, a dopamine releaser, on the background and induced pulse activities in the cortical neurons, as well as on specific characteristics of conditioned reflex motor responses, such as latency and intensity are analyzed in detail.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 01/2008; 20(1-3):1-141. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v20.i1-3.10
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    ABSTRACT: Intermediate filaments (IFs), along with microfilaments and microtubules, comprise the three intracellular filaments identified in eukaryotic cells to date. Together, these three distinct filamentous networks act in a dynamic and tightly interconnected fashion to comprise the eukaryotic cytoskeleton. As such, they are involved in a number of essential and diverse cellular processes, including division, molecular transport, and the maintenance of structural integrity in the face of mechanical stress. Underscoring the ubiquitous importance of IF proteins to the normal function of cellular systems, mutations in IF-encoding genes that affect the structure, function, or regulation of these proteins are commonly found in association with a range of heritable genetic diseases. The diversity of IF-related disease is indeed as wide as the distribution of IF proteins themselves, effecting the development of a broad range of disease phenotypes. Here we review, with specific reference to recent developments in the correlation of genotype with phenotype, how the perturbation of IF networks can elicit the development of human neurological disease.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2007; 19(1):1-27. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v19.i1.10
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    ABSTRACT: Methylphenidate is the drug most often used to treat attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a common behavioral disorder of children and young adults. The objectives of this study are (1) to use two different experimental assays of measuring animal activity--the wheel-running activity and the computerized open field--to establish which is more sensitive to acute and repetitive methylphenidate (MPD) administration and (2) to determine whether repetitive MPD treatment elicits adverse effects such as tolerance and behavioral sensitization. The dose-response protocol of MPD (0.6, 2.5, and 10.0 mg/kg) administration was performed in three groups of animals, with an additional saline control group as follows: single saline injection as the control/baseline followed by 6 consecutive days of MPD injections (0.6, 2.5, or 10.0 mg/kg MPD), 3 days of washout, and a day of MPD rechallenge. In general, the two different activity assays showed similar observations for the acute effect of MPD by eliciting increases in activity in a dose-dependent manner. The groups receiving repetitive 0.6 and 2.5 mg/kg MPD tested in the open-field assay exhibited further increase in activity that can be interpreted as behavioral sensitization, whereas the groups receiving 10 mg/kg MPD exhibited a reduction in activity, suggesting that tolerance was developed to the drug. All the groups (0.6, 2.5, and 10.0 mg/kg MPD) tested following repetitive MPD in the wheel-running assay exhibited a further increase in their activity, for example, all the groups exhibited behavioral sensitization. These different observations were interpreted as potentially measuring different kinds of locomotor activity.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2007; 19(1):59-77. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v19.i1.20
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    ABSTRACT: Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the primary psycho-active ingredient in Cannabis spp., the most widely used illicit drug in the United States. THC is an exogenous agonist of the central cannabinoid receptor (CB1), one of the most abundant G-coupled receptors in the mammalian brain. Although CB1 receptors are distributed throughout the brain, they are found at very high levels in the cerebellum. Despite the variety of disturbances associated with acute cannabis intoxication, including altered short-term memory, dissociation of thoughts, motor impairments, and paranoia, among others, a reliable index of cannabinoid system function has in large part eluded scientists. Thus, there is a demand in contemporary clinical neuroscience for methods sensitive to cannabinoid system function, not only for assessing how cannabis use influences human information processing, but also to assess the involvement of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in clinical disease and evaluate the effects of CB1-based drug therapies. The purpose of the present article, therefore, is to address this current need by integrating two separate literatures. The first literature demonstrates that the ECS mediates synaptic plasticity, specifically, long-term depression (LTD) of parallel fibers at the parallel fiber-Purkinje junction in the cerebellar cortex. The second literature suggests that LTD at this junction is necessary for the acquisition of the primary dependent variable in delay eyeblink conditioning (EBC)--the exhibition of temporally measured conditioned responses. These two literatures are integrated by proposing an updated EBC circuit that incorporates the CB1 receptor and the endogenous cannabinoids. Finally, the implications of the model is discussed in consideration of recent evidence from CB1 knockout mice, human cannabis users, and schizophrenia patients, with the expectation that translational research on the cannabinoid system will be advanced.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2007; 19(1):29-57. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v19.i1.30
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    ABSTRACT: During neuronal development, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which is the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mature brain, exerts a paradoxical depolarizing action that plays an important role in the generation of neuronal synaptic activities in the immature cortical structures and in the formation of the neuronal network. The depolarizing action of GABA is due to a differential organization of the chloride homeostasis system; in immature neurons it maintains an elevated intracellular chloride concentration ([Cl-]i), whereas in mature neurons it keeps [Cl-]i at relatively low levels. Several recent studies have shown that the function of chloride transporters during neuronal development extends beyond the simple maintenance of chloride homeostasis and might play an active role in neuronal growth and formation of synaptic connections. In the present manuscript, we summarize such evidence and discuss the perspectives in the study of the functional role of ion transporters in determining the mode of GABA actions.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):105-12. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.110
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammation is a defense reaction against diverse insults that serves to remove noxious agents and to limit their detrimental effects. There is increasing evidence that post-ischemic inflammation plays an important role in brain ischemia. However, whether inflammatory processes are deleterious or beneficial to recovery is presently a matter of debate and controversy. Experimentally and clinically, stroke is followed by an acute and a prolonged inflammatory response characterized by the production of inflammatory cytokines, leukocyte and monocyte infiltration in the brain, and the activation of resident glial cells. These events may contribute to ischemic brain injury. Several groups report conflicting results regarding the role of inflammation and effects of anti-inflammatory treatments in cerebral ischemia. Experimental studies employing knockout mice for different cytokines and chemokines provide only partial answers. This highlights the importance of clarifying the role of the immune response in pathological changes at the site of ischemic lesions in the brain. Here, we describe dual effects of the brain's inflammatory response and new evidence for a neuroprotective role of proliferating microglial cells in ischemia. In addition, we discuss a potential role of post-ischemic inflammation in brain regeneration and modulation of synaptic plasticity.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):145-57. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.150
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    ABSTRACT: An argument is made that small-vessel stroke, which usually results in lacunar infarction, is a serious medical problem. Therefore, it is surprising that only a few animal models exist that mimic small-vessel stroke and that these models have not been used for a systematic investigation of the genesis of lacunar infarctions. We make a case that the modified pial vessel class II disruption model mimics certain important aspects of lacunar infarctions, namely cavitation caused specifically by ischemia of smaller vessels. We found evidence that upregulation of inflammatory properties within a few days of inducing lesions prevents repopulation of the lesion with reactive astrocytes. We propose that this is the key mechanism by which cavitation occurs weeks later. We also found that treatment with minocycline after induction of lesions but before cavitation prevented the formation of the fluid-filled cavity. Rather than being walled off, the lesion apparently became part of the brain parenchyma and consisted of reactive astrocytes. We conclude that this new model can be used to investigate the mechanism of lacune formation and its prevention.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):5-11. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.20
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    ABSTRACT: Repetitive firing neuron or activation of synaptic transmission plays an important role in the modulation of synaptic efficacy, such as long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD). These activity-dependent changes in synaptic efficacy are thought to be critical to learning and memory; however, the underlying mechanisms remain to be defined. Endogenous cannabinoids (eCBs) are diffusible modulators that are released from depolarized postsynaptic neurons and act on presynaptic terminals. Persistent release of eCBs can lead to long-term modulation of synaptic plasticity in the brain. Given a broad distribution of eCB receptors in the brain, the eCB signaling system could contribute to use-dependent modification of brain functions.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):113-24. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.120
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    ABSTRACT: In rodent hippocampal pyramidal neurons, repetitive discharges are followed by a slow afterhyperpolarization (sAHP) as a result of activation of a Ca2+-dependent K+ current. The sAHP is sensitive to activation of several G-protein coupled neurotransmitter receptors and downstream signal cascades. Modulations of the sAHP have been shown to be closely associated with synaptic plasticity, learning, and aging processes. However, it is presently unclear whether the sAHP generation is involved in hippocampal network activities. We explored this issue using an in vitro (thick-slice) model of mouse hippocampal sharp waves. Our data show that the sAHP occurs in CA3 pyramidal neurons following each sharp wave event and sAHP suppression is associated with a large increase in occurrence frequency of spontaneous sharp waves. Considering that sharp waves are important for hippocampal-cortical communication and memory processes, we postulate that the sAHP serves as an intrinsic regulatory mechanism of sharp waves and plays a significant role in hippocampus-dependent cognitive functions.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):159-67. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.160
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    ABSTRACT: Synapses mediated by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptors are notoriously altered during periods of enhanced activity. Since a loss of inhibitory tone is a basic cause of seizures and epilepsies, it is important to determine the underlying mechanisms and the way this could be alleviated or at least reduced. Alterations of the intracellular content of chloride are thought to be a major player in the sequence of events that follow episodes of hyperactivity. In this review, I discuss these mechanisms both in the adult and developing brain, relying on studies in which chloride and GABAergic currents were measured by electrophysiological and imaging techniques. The main conclusion is that in adult systems, status epilepticus induces a complete re-organization of the networks, with cell death, axonal growth, and glutamatergic neosynapse formation leading to an increased glutamatergic drive. This, in turn, will decrease the threshold of seizure generation and thus contribute to seizure generation. In contrast, GABAergic synapses are not readily "plastic" as the lost interneurones and synapses are not replaced. Somatostatin-positive 0-LM Interneurons that innervate the dendrites of the principal cells in the hippocampus degenerate selectively, leading to a loss of the inhibitory drive in the dendrites, whereas somatic projecting basket cells and somatic inhibitory drives are relatively spared. This imbalance leads to a reduction of the inhibitory strength that is necessary but not sufficient to generate ongoing seizures. An additional important factor is the persistent increase of the intracellular chloride concentration that leads to a long-lasting shift in the depolarizing direction of the actions of GABA that will also contribute to seizure generation. In the developing brain, a major source of seizure generation is the depolarizing and often excitatory actions of GABA due to a higher intracellular chloride concentration ([Cl-]I) in immature neurons, a property that has been confirmed in all developing systems and animal species studied. As a consequence, immature GABAergic synapses will excite targets and facilitate the emergence of seizures, in keeping with the well-known higher incidence of seizures in the developing brain. Using a unique preparation with two intact hippocampi placed in a three-compartment chamber in vitro, we have provided direct evidence that seizures beget seizures and that GABA signaling plays a central role in this phenomenon. Indeed, recurrent seizures triggered in one hippocampus by a convulsive agent propagate to the other hippocampus and transform the naive hippocampus into one that generates seizures once disconnected from the other hippocampus. This transformation is conditioned by the occurrence during the seizures of high-frequency oscillations (40 Hz and above). Interestingly, these oscillations are only produced when N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA-) and GABA receptors are operative and not blocked in the naïve hippocampus. Therefore, GABA-receptor antagonists are pro-convulsive in the developing brain but, in fact, anti-epileptic. This paradoxical conclusion has quite a few clinical implications that are discussed.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):135-44. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.140
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    ABSTRACT: The sensory relay synapses in the thalamus undergo extensive refinement during early life. Disruptions of spontaneous activity, but not sensory deprivation, can induce large-scale re-organization of neuronal connections in the thalamus. Recent studies also reveal an extended period of synaptic refinement in the visual and somatosensory relay synapses, where sensory deprivation produces some unexpected effects on synaptic remodeling. This article aims to provide a brief overview of recent findings and current ideas about the refinement of relay synapses in the thalamus.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):49-59. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.60
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    ABSTRACT: Acute cocaine toxicity is frequently associated with seizures. The mechanisms underlying the convulsant effect of cocaine are not well understood. Previously, we have shown that cocaine depresses whole-cell current evoked by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in hippocampal neurons freshly isolated from rats. Cocaine's effect was voltage-independent and concentration-dependent. In the present study, using whole-cell patch-clamp recording on rat neurons freshly isolated from hippocampus, we examined the intracellular mechanisms involved in cocaine's action. Increasing intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca]i) from 0.01 to 5 microM strongly increased the depressant effect of cocaine. By contrast, 1-[N, O-bis (5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-N-methyl-L-tyrosyl]-4-phenylpiperazine (KN-62), a specific antagonist of Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMKII), attenuated or enhanced cocaine's action in different neurons: in three out of nine neurons dialysed with 5 microM KN-62,1 mM cocaine depressed GABA current by only 33%, but in another three out of nine neurons, cocaine depressed GABA current by as much as 83%. Chelerythrine (a specific CaCa(2+)/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase C [PKC] antagonist) had minimal effect on cocaine's action. We suggest that cocaine induces an increase in [Ca]i, which stimulates phosphatase activity and thus leads to dephosphorylation of GABA receptors. This dephosphorylation-mediated disinhibitory action may play a role in cocaine-induced convulsant states.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):85-94. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.90
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    ABSTRACT: Once the tools for controlling calcium gradients became available to electrophysiologists, they began the quest for understanding the role of Ca2+ in the control of neuronal activity. In the early 1970s Paul Feltz and I spent a rich period in K. Krnjevic's laboratory in Montreal, and I was already involved in a research, which showed that an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration can lead to hyperpolarization of motoneurones. At about the same time, a potassium conductance activated by intracellular calcium injection was identified in mammals and snails. Since then, most of my work has dealt with the study of Ca2+ entry in neurons. Here I review the progress that led fi rst to the biophysical characterization and, later, to the molecular identification of T-type calcium channels. With the advent of new optical methods, in particular two-photon microscopy, we may be on the brink of a step forward in our understanding of how T channels play a role in the integrative processes that take place in a large cortical neuron such as the Purkinje cell.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):169-78. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.170
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    ABSTRACT: Thin acute slices and dissociated cell cultures taken from different parts of the brain have been widely used to examine the function of the nervous system, neuron-specific interactions, and neuronal development (specifically, neurobiology, neuropharmacology, and neurotoxicology studies). Here, we focus on an alternative in vitro model: brain-slice cultures in roller tubes, initially introduced by Beat Gähwiler for studies with rats, that we have recently adapted for studies of mouse cerebellum. Cultured cerebellar slices afford many of the advantages of dissociated cultures of neurons and thin acute slices. Organotypic slice cultures were established from newborn or 10-15-day-old mice. After 3-4 weeks in culture, the slices flattened to form a cell monolayer. The main types of cerebellar neurons could be identified with immunostaining techniques, while their electrophysiological properties could be easily characterized with the patch-clamp recording technique. When slices were taken from newborn mice and cultured for 3 weeks, aspects of the cerebellar development were displayed. A functional neuronal network was established despite the absence of mossy and climbing fibers, which are the two excitatory afferent projections to the cerebellum. When slices were made from 10-15-day-old mice, which are at a developmental stage when cerebellum organization is almost established, the structure and neuronal pathways were intact after 3-4 weeks in culture. These unique characteristics make organotypic slice cultures of mouse cerebellar cortex a valuable model for analyzing the consequences of gene mutations that profoundly alter neuronal function and compromise postnatal survival.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):179-86. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.180
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    ABSTRACT: Homeostatic plasticity is an important physiological process in the mammalian nervous system. In this review, we discuss methodological and mechanistic similarities and differences in cortical and hippocampal studies of homeostatic plasticity. Although there are many similarities, there are also region-specific differences in the effects and/or mechanisms that regulate homeostatic plasticity in these two regions. In this review, we propose a new experimental paradigm to study homeostatic plasticity that may address some unanswered questions in the field.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):125-34. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.130
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    ABSTRACT: Both long-lasting changes in synaptic function and long-term memory require gene expression. However, the molecular mechanisms by which gene expression is turned on are not fully understood. In this review, we highlight the role of the eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2alpha) signalling pathway in long-term synaptic plasticity and memory.
    Critical Reviews in Neurobiology 02/2006; 18(1-2):187-95. DOI:10.1615/CritRevNeurobiol.v18.i1-2.190