Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research (IND ENG CHEM RES )

Publisher: American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society


For industrial chemists and chemical engineers, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research is the reliable and current source of new fundamental research, design methods, process design and development, and product research and development. This state-of-the art journal contains original studies in the areas of: Applied Chemistry, Kinetics, Catalysis, and Reaction Engineering, Materials and Interfaces, Process, Design and Control, Separations, General Research.

Impact factor 2.24

  • Hide impact factor history
    Impact factor
  • 5-year impact
  • Cited half-life
  • Immediacy index
  • Eigenfactor
  • Article influence
  • Website
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research website
  • Other titles
    Industrial & engineering chemistry research, Industrial and engineering chemistry research, I & EC research
  • ISSN
  • OCLC
  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

American Chemical Society

  • Pre-print
    • Author cannot archive a pre-print version
  • Restrictions
    • Must obtain written permission from Editor
    • Must not violate ACS ethical Guidelines
  • Post-print
    • Author cannot archive a post-print version
  • Restrictions
    • If mandated by funding agency or employer/ institution
    • If mandated to deposit before 12 months, must obtain waiver from Institution/Funding agency or use AuthorChoice
    • 12 months embargo
  • Conditions
    • On author's personal website, pre-print servers, institutional website, institutional repositories or subject repositories
    • Non-Commercial
    • Must be accompanied by set statement (see policy)
    • Must link to publisher version
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • If mandated sooner than 12 months, must obtain waiver from Editors or use AuthorChoice
    • Reviewed on 07/08/2014
  • Classification
    ​ white

Publications in this journal

  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 01/2015;
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 01/2015;
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 01/2015;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cellulose can be liquefied in ethylene glycol at 180 °C, using 6.7 mol % 1-(1-alkylsulfonic)-3-methylimidazolium chloride ionic liquids as catalysts. The maximum liquefied product yields of 0.3436 and 0.3046 g/g of cellulose were achieved after 20 h at 180 °C using 1-(1-proylsulfonic)-3-methylimidazolium chloride and 1-(1-butylsulfonic)-3-methylimidazolium chloride as the catalysts. The liquefied oil produced from both ionic liquid catalysts had similar compositions. Unlike in previously reported mineral acid catalyzed cellulose liquefactions, the new catalysts gives stable oils with well defined compositions of only three compounds. The three compounds in the oil were identified as 2-hydroxyethyl levulinate, 2-hydroxyethyl levulinate ethylene ketal and 2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-cyclopenta[1,4]dioxin-5-one using GC-MS, HRMS, 1H, 13C and 1H-1H COSY NMR spectroscopy. The third product 2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-cyclopenta[1,4]dioxin-5-one is a new C-6 carbohydrate derived cyclopentenone derivative; identified for the first time in a cellulose liquefaction process. The composition of the three components reaches a steady state after 20 h reaction at 180 °C with 2-hydroxyethyl levulinate : 2-hydroxyethyl levulinate ethylene ketal : 2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-cyclopenta[1,4]dioxin-5-one molar percentage ratio of approximately 47: 22 : 31
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 12/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polymer nanocomposites with layered silicates have two different types of interface sites: edges with hydroxyl groups and gallery faces with oxygen atoms. The polymer-particle interface at either site may be strengthened by silane coupling agents. The objective of this work was to investigate the morphology and rheology in the melt-compounded state and the reprocessed state of polypropylene-layered-silicate nanocomposites with reactive coupling by the silane and a long chain polymeric compatibilizer at different interface sites. Two different organically modified layered silicates with different aspect ratios and surfactants were treated with an aminoalkyldimethoxy silane; in one case, the silanols reacted only at the nanolayer edges while in the other case, the silanes entered the interlayer galleries. The effect of reactive coupling in both cases was noticeably improved dispersion with thinner stacks of nanolayers. The uniaxial extensional viscosity of these melts displayed greater strain hardening and more so in the case of reactive coupling at both faces and edges despite the aspect ratio of this organoclay being significantly lower. Upon reprocessing, while some degradation of the polymer matrix occurred in all cases, the effects on the nanostructure were quite different just as the effects on the rheology of the melts were quite different. These effects may be attributed to differing changes in the fraction of particle-attached polymer chains entangling with free polymer chains.
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 12/2014;
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 12/2014;
  • Thi Quynh Ngoc Nguyen, Hung Loong Giam, Yabo Wang, Adam Pacławski, Jakub Szlęk, Aleksander Mendyk, Yu-Hsuan Shao, Raymond Lau
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surface modification of pollen-shape hydroxyapatite (HA) carriers is achieved using surface etching technique. Characterization of HA carriers before and after etching are performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Carr’s compressibility index (CI), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Four surface etching temperatures are tested but only the particles etched at 40 and 50 °C are found satisfactory. Proper surface etching allows a reduction of the petal-like structure on the particle surface and improves the crystallinity of the particles. While the reduction of petal-like structure decreases the emitted dose (ED) of the drug particles, an increase in fine particle fraction (FPF) can be attained owing to the improvement in drug liberation. An increase in the air flow rate, however, decreases the significance of particle surface morphology and the difference in FPF among the use of different carrier particles diminishes. Surface etching technique is found to have good potential as an economical process to improve dry powder inhalation efficiency through surface modification.
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 12/2014; 53(51):19943-19950.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A novel process to transform waste plastic as a reducing agent and therefore as an alternative carbonaceous source in the production of silicon bearing alloys is investigated. Bakelite, a thermoset plastic that is difficult to recycle, is used in this study. Heat treatment of Bakelite was carried out at 1550 °C in argon atmosphere to investigate volatiles generation, presence of ash impurities, carbon structure, and properties as a result of transformations occurring during heat treatment. Simultaneous influence of these properties on ferrosilicon alloy synthesis is established. Initial volatiles generation from Bakelite accelerated the rate of silica reduction, particularly the formation of silicon carbide (SiC) through gas phase reduction reactions of silica. Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) impurity in Bakelite acts as a fluxing agent and facilitates the separation of metal alloy from slag. Bakelite derived carbon obtained during heat treatment showed enhanced crystallinity coupled with lower levels of porosity in structure with increasing time. Carbon obtained through transformation of Bakelite could serve as a reducing agent to produce ferrosilicon. This scientific study of using Bakelite as a reductant will create new opportunities to re-form waste plastics as raw materials in ferrosilicon alloy synthesis.
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 11/2014; 53(51):19870–19877.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: One dimensional pore zeolites such as ZSM-22 (TON) are potential catalysts for hydrocarbon conversion reactions, including methanol-to-propylene (MTP) reaction. Different crystal lengths of ZSM-22 zeolite were prepared and examined for the MTP reaction. Nanosized TON zeolites with crystal length of ∼100 nm were synthesized by dynamic hydrothermal synthesis. The zeolite crystal length was tuned by using ethylene glycol as crystal growth modifier. The crystal lengths of ZSM-22 zeolites (approximately 100 and 300 nm) were confirmed from FE-SEM and TEM micrographs. However, the textural properties such as BET surface area and crystallinity of crystals were fairly similar. The effect of ZSM-22 crystal length on catalytic activity and propylene yields in the methanol-to-propylene reaction was investigated. The TON nanocrystals resulted in a higher propylene yield and better catalytic stability compared to the submicrometer zeolite (∼300 nm). Deactivation was observed for all catalysts. However, longer lifetime was observed for the nanosized ZSM-22 with crystal length of ∼100 nm.
    Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 11/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The volatility of the global oil market, coupled with increasing levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, has sparked the search for alternative methods for the production of liquid transportation fuels from domestically available carbon-based resources. The United States has three feedstocks available to gradually replace petroleum as its primary energy source, namely: coal, biomass, and natural gas. The major contributions to the production of liquid fuels from these three feedstocks have been highlighted in a recent review [1]. Hybrid energy systems utilizing coal and biomass have been the center of interest in recent years. Coal has a lower delivered cost than biomass, but conventional coal-to-liquids (CTL) refineries result in almost twice the life-cycle GHG emissions of a petroleum-based plant. Biomass, however, has the ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the capture of CO2 during photosynthesis. The economic and environmental benefits that both these feedstocks offer can be exploited by investigating coal-and-biomass-to-liquid fuels (CBTL) systems. Using an optimization-based process synthesis framework, the thermochemical conversion of coal and biomass will be presented [2]. Synthesis gas (syngas) will be generated via gasification of the biomass and coal feedstocks through separate gasification units. The syngas can then be directed to either a dedicated water-gas-shift reactor or passed directly to the scrubbing system. Hydrocarbon production will proceed through either Fischer-Tropsch synthesis or methanol formation. The Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbons can be upgraded over a ZSM-5 reactor or through a series of treatment units that will produce distillate and gasoline-range products. The methanol can be passed to the methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) process or to the methanol-to-olefins/olefins-to-gasoline-and-distillate (MTO/MOGD) processes. Simultaneous heat and power integration is included in the model to convert waste heat into electricity. The optimal process topology that can produce gasoline, diesel, and kerosene at the lowest cost is determined using rigorous deterministic global optimization and process synthesis strategies [3-13]. This study presents a baseline so that a fair comparison between different process alternatives can be made. Multiple case studies are presented to investigate the effect of plant capacity and product distribution on the overall cost of the refinery, the process topology, the total plant cost, and the break-even oil price. The results demonstrate that coal and biomass refineries can become economically competitive with petroleum-based processes while simultaneously reducing life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions. [1] Floudas, C. A.; Elia, J. A.; Baliban, R. C. Hybrid and single feedstock energy processes for liquid transportation fuels: A critical review. Computers & Chemical Engineering 2012, 41 (6), 24-51. [2] Niziolek, A. M.; Onel, O.; Elia, J. A.; Baliban, R. C.; Xiao, X.; Floudas, C. A. Coal and Biomass to Liquid Transportation Fuels: Process Synthesis and Global Optimization Strategies. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2014 DOI: 10.1021/ie500505h. [3] Baliban, R. C., Elia, J. A., Floudas, C. A. Toward novel biomass, coal, and natural gas processes for satisfying current transportation fuel demands, 1: Process alternatives, gasification modeling, process simulation, and economic analysis. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2010, 49, 7343-7370. [4] Elia, J. A., Baliban, R. C., Floudas, C. A. Toward novel biomass, coal, and natural gas processes for satisfying current transportation fuel demands, 2: Simultaneous heat and power integration. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2010, 49, 7371-7388. [5] Baliban, R. C., Elia, J. A., Floudas, C. A. Optimization framework for the simultaneous process synthesis, heat and power integration of a thermochemical hybrid biomass, coal, and natural gas facility. Comp. Chem. Eng. 2011, 35, 1647-1690. [6] Baliban, R. C., Elia, J. A., Floudas, C. A. Simultaneous process synthesis, heat, power, and water integration of thermochemical hybrid biomass, coal, and natural gas facilities. Comp. Chem. Eng. 2012, 37, 297-327. [7] Baliban, R. C., Elia, J. A., Misener, R., Floudas, C. A. Global Optimization of a MINLP Process Synthesis Model for Thermochemical Based Conversion of Hybrid Coal, Biomass, and Natural Gas to Liquid Fuels. Comp. Chem. Eng. 2012, 42, 64-86. [8] Baliban, R. C., Elia, J. A., Weekman, V., Floudas, C. A. Process Synthesis of Hybrid Coal, Biomass, and Natural Gas to Liquids via Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, ZSM-5 Catalytic Conversion, Methanol Synthesis, Methanol-to-Gasoline, and Methanol-to-Olefins/Distillate Technologies. Comp. Chem. Eng. 2012, 47 (12), 29-56. [9] Baliban, R. C.; Elia, J. A.; Floudas, C. A. Biomass to liquid transportation fuels (BTL) systems: process synthesis and global optimization framework. Energy Environ. Sci. 2013, 6 (1), 267-287. [10] Baliban, R. C.; Elia, J. A.; Floudas, C. A. Novel Natural Gas to Liquids Processes: Process Synthesis and Global Optimization Strategies. AIChE Journal 2013, 59 (2), 505-531. [11] Baliban, R. C.; Elia, J. A.; Floudas, C. A. Biomass and Natural Gas to Liquid Transportation Fuels: Process Synthesis, Global Optimization, and Topology Analysis. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2013, 52 (9), 3381-3406. [12] Baliban, R. C.; Elia, J. A.; Floudas, C. A.; Gurau, B.; Weingarten, M. B.; Klotz, S. D. Hardwood Biomass to Gasoline, Diesel, and Jet Fuel: 1. Process Synthesis and Global Optimization of a Thermochemical Refinery. Energy & Fuels 2013, 27 (8), 4302-4324. [13] Baliban, R. C.; Elia, J. A.; Floudas, C. A.; Xiao, X.; Zhang, Z.; Li, J.; Cao, H.; Ma, J.; Qiao, Y.; Hu, X. Thermochemical Conversion of Duckweed Biomass to Gasoline, Diesel, and Jet Fuel: Process Synthesis and Global Optimization. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2013, 52 (33), 11436-11450.
    14 AIChE Annual Meeting; 11/2014
  • 14 AIChE Annual Meeting; 11/2014