American Journal of Preventive Medicine (AM J PREV MED )

Publisher: American College of Preventive Medicine; Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine, Elsevier


The American Journal of Preventive Medicine is the official journal of the American College of Preventive Medicine and the Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine. It publishes articles in the areas of prevention research, teaching, practice and policy. Original research is published on interventions aimed at the prevention of chronic and acute disease and the promotion of individual and community health. Of particular emphasis are papers that address the primary and secondary prevention of important clinical, behavioral and public health issues such as injury and violence, infectious disease, women's health, smoking, sedentary behaviors and physical activity, nutrition, diabetes, obesity, and alcohol and drug abuse. Papers also address educational initiatives aimed at improving the ability of health professionals to provide effective clinical prevention and public health services. Papers on health services research pertinent to prevention and public health are also published. The journal also publishes official policy statements from the two co-sponsoring organizations, review articles, media reviews, and editorials. Finally, the journal periodically publishes supplements and special theme issues devoted to areas of current interest to the prevention community. For information on the American College of Preventive Medicine (ACPM) and the Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine (ATPM), visit their web sites at the following URLs: and

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  • Website
    American Journal of Preventive Medicine website
  • Other titles
    American journal of preventive medicine
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  • Material type
    Periodical, Internet resource
  • Document type
    Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details


  • Pre-print
    • Author can archive a pre-print version
  • Post-print
    • Author can archive a post-print version
  • Conditions
    • Voluntary deposit by author of pre-print allowed on Institutions open scholarly website and pre-print servers
    • Voluntary deposit by author of authors post-print allowed on institutions open scholarly website including Institutional Repository
    • Deposit due to Funding Body, Institutional and Governmental mandate only allowed where separate agreement between repository and publisher exists
    • Set statement to accompany deposit
    • Published source must be acknowledged
    • Must link to journal home page or articles' DOI
    • Publisher's version/PDF cannot be used
    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
    • NIH Authors articles will be submitted to PMC after 12 months
    • Authors who are required to deposit in subject repositories may also use Sponsorship Option
    • Pre-print can not be deposited for The Lancet
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • American Journal of Preventive Medicine 06/2014; 47(3):348-59.
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    ABSTRACT: Health communication campaigns including mass media and health-related product distribution have been used to reduce mortality and morbidity through behavior change. The intervention is defined as having two core components reflecting two social marketing principles: (1) promoting behavior change through multiple communication channels, one being mass media, and (2) distributing a free or reduced-price product that facilitates adoption and maintenance of healthy behavior change, sustains cessation of harmful behaviors, or protects against behavior-related disease or injury. Evidence acquisitionUsing methods previously developed for the Community Guide, a systematic review (search period, January 1980–December 2009) was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of health communication campaigns that use multiple channels, including mass media, and distribute health-related products. The primary outcome of interest was use of distributed health-related products. Evidence synthesisTwenty-two studies that met Community Guide quality criteria were analyzed in 2010. Most studies showed favorable behavior change effects on health-related product use (a median increase of 8.4 percentage points). By product category, median increases in desired behaviors ranged from 4.0 percentage points for condom promotion and distribution campaigns to 10.0 percentage points for smoking-cessation campaigns. ConclusionsHealth communication campaigns that combine mass media and other communication channels with distribution of free or reduced-price health-related products are effective in improving healthy behaviors. This intervention is expected to be applicable across U.S. demographic groups, with appropriate population targeting. The ability to draw more specific conclusions about other important social marketing practices is constrained by limited reporting of intervention components and characteristics.
    American Journal of Preventive Medicine 06/2014; 47(3):360-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Active transportation (AT; e.g., walking and cycling) is increasingly promoted to increase youth physical activity (PA). Most previous research focused solely on school trips, and associations among AT and cardiovascular risk factors have seldom been examined in adolescents. Purpose: To address these important research gaps using data from the nationally representative 2007–2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Methods: A total of 1016 adolescents aged 12–19 years reported their weekly time spent utilitarian walking and cycling, and wore an Actical accelerometer for 7 days. They underwent a series of physical tests (measures of fitness, body composition, blood pressure, and blood sampling) following standardized protocols. In 2013, differences in PA and health-related outcomes across levels of walking and cycling were assessed with ANCOVA analyses adjusted for age, gender, parental education, and usual daily PA. Results: Greater walking and cycling time was associated with higher moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). Compared to adolescents reporting walking 1–5 hours/week, those reporting <1 hour/week had lower waist circumference and total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio and higher glycohemoglobin; those reporting >5 hours/week had better grip strength, lower total cholesterol, and total cholesterol/HDL ratio. Compared to adolescents reporting no cycling, those reporting ≥1 hour/week accumulated more light PA, had greater aerobic fitness, and lower BMI, waist circumference, and total cholesterol/HDL ratio; those who reported cycling <1 hour/week had lower total cholesterol. Conclusions: Utilitarian walking and cycling are associated with higher daily MVPA in youth. Cycling is associated with a more consistent pattern of health benefits than walking.
    American Journal of Preventive Medicine 04/2014; 46(5):507-515.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) using FOBT reduces mortality, yet screening adherence remains low. Purpose: Enhancing FOBT adherence in a field experiment, using Implementation Intentions (II) technique. Design: Participants were randomly assigned to a standard care group or to II experimental group. Setting/participants: A test kit was mailed to 29,833 HMO-insured members in two waves in 2011. Inclusion criteria: eligible persons aged 50–74 who underwent the test the year before. A sample of 2200 participants was interviewed over the telephone for possible cognitive and background moderators. Intervention: Leaflet attached to the test kit containing an “if –then” condition and planning instructions of when, where, and how. Main Outcome Measure: Test performance at two and six months following mailing of the test kit, retrieved from HMO’s computerized database (2011–12). Results: Adherence in the experimental group ranged 1.2%–6.6% higher than in the control group. Within six months of kits’ mailing, test uptake for the two waves was 71.4% and 67.9% for experiment and control, respectively (χ2=40.58, p=0.0001). The difference remained significant after controlling for age, gender, marital status, and wave (OR=1.17, 95% CI (1.11–1.23), p<0.0001). Test performance was related to cognitive and background variables. No interaction was found among cognitive or background variables and the intervention. Conclusions: II technique is useful in increasing adherence to CRC screening, even in a mailed form rather than a face-to-face experimental situation. Mailed II is an inexpensive effective method, applicable for public health.
    American Journal of Preventive Medicine 01/2014; 46(3):273-280.
  • American Journal of Preventive Medicine 01/2013; 45(6):690.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Connecting vulnerable populations to healthcare and health-related services remains a challenge. In San Diego County, California, many individuals are unaware that they are eligible for assistance, and community-based healthcare providers often do not have a single, reliable point of access for information on available programs. Purpose: This paper describes how 2-1-1 San Diego worked with community partners to develop and implement a Healthcare Navigation Program. Navigators provide information about health insurance coverage, prescription assistance, and food assistance for low-income households and assist clients with transportation, appointment scheduling, child/elder care, and personal fınance. Methods: The 2-1-1 agents collected demographic, healthcare access, and program participation data as part of routine service. Participants in the Healthcare Navigation Program also completed a follow-up satisfaction survey. Data were collected July to December 2011, and analyzed in 2012. Results: The program has resulted in increased enrollment of eligible individuals in California’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and Medicaid, and a high percentage of callers reported satisfaction with the program and use of the referral information they received. Conclusions: The health-related programs of 2-1-1 San Deigo demonstrate the ability of this platform to support improvements in health and healthcare access.
    American Journal of Preventive Medicine 12/2012; 43:S450-S457.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To study the knowledge, attitude and practices of the medical officers working in the various health centres in district Amritsar about Primary Health Care.Methodology: This is cross-sectional study. 100 Medical Officers working in 3 randomly selected community development blocks & urban dispensaries of district Amritsar were interviewed. Statistical analysis of the data was done using percentages, chi test, t test & ANOVA where ever applicable. Results & Conclusions: The proportion of female doctors in rural areas (32.9%) was less as compared to urban area (56.7%) and there mean age (32.1 + 3.5 years) was significantly lower than that of the male counterparts (35 + 5.6 years). The knowledge about the components of Primary Health Care Services was significantly higher in the doctors with more experience, clearly highlighting the fact that majority of the information obtained was due to on-job training. With experience attitudes and practices towards primary health care showed remarkable improvement and efforts towards intersectoral coordination and health promotional activities also increased tremendously. - See more at:
    American Journal of Preventive Medicine 10/2012; 1(2).
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    ABSTRACT: Context: Approximately 22% of U.S. young adults (aged 18 - 24 years) are smokers. Young adults typically display an interest in quitting, but it is unknown whether the evidence-based cessation programs designed for adults will be equally effective for young adults. This meta-analysis investigated the efficacy of smoking-cessation programs for this population. Evidence acquisition: In 2009 - 2011, studies published between 2004 and 2008 that investigated smoking cessation were first found through the DHHS Clinical Practice Guidelines for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence as well as a PubMed search (2009 - 2010) and were then subjected to a rigorous inclusion process. Authors were contacted to glean raw data for young adults. Fourteen studies provided data that were coded for descriptive information and aggregated using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis, version 2.0. Evidence synthesis: Among young adults, any type of intervention was more effective in producing successful smoking cessation than the control. This was the case for intent-to-treat analyses as well as complete cases. When interventions were effective for the larger adult sample, they were also effective for the younger adult sample. Conclusions: Although young adults tend to underutilize evidence-based cessation treatments, the current meta-analysis showed that these treatments should be as effective for young adults as they are for the general adult population. Thus, it may be useful to focus on motivating young adults to seek cessation treatment to increase utilization.
    American Journal of Preventive Medicine 06/2012; 42(6):655-662.
  • American Journal of Preventive Medicine 01/2012; 43(6):655.
  • American Journal of Preventive Medicine 01/2011; 41(6):641-644.
  • American Journal of Preventive Medicine 01/2009;
  • American Journal of Preventive Medicine 11/2008; 35(4):398-400.

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