Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal (Child Adolesc Soc Work J)

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Journal description

Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal features original articles that focus on clinical social work practice with children adolescents and their families. The journal addresses current issues in the field of social work drawn from theory direct practice research and social policy as well as focuses on problems affecting specific populations in special settings.

Current impact factor: 0.00

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Website Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal website
Other titles Child & adolescent social work journal, C & A, C and A, Child and adolescent social work
ISSN 0738-0151
OCLC 9495904
Material type Periodical, Internet resource
Document type Journal / Magazine / Newspaper, Internet Resource

Publisher details

Springer Verlag

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    • Must link to publisher version
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    • Articles in some journals can be made Open Access on payment of additional charge
  • Classification
    ​ green

Publications in this journal

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study analyzes the characteristics of children and parents in court cases dealing with the termination of parental rights, in order to draw a profile of families at high risk of child maltreatment and shed light on the professional decision-making process. The analysis of a sample of 127 cases identified various child, parent and child–parent characteristics and inter-characteristics which served as a rich database for understanding the profiles of children at risk and their parents. On the basis of these profiles, the study was able to draw a prototype of a family at high risk of child maltreatment and identify the main factors considered by the courts when determining whether or not to terminate parental rights. This paper discusses the implications of these results on the need for early and extensive professional intervention in such families.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 08/2015; 32(4). DOI:10.1007/s10560-015-0378-4
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    ABSTRACT: In Sweden, child-related social services constitute an institutional body that conducts both preventive and supportive work for children in need of health support. However, in the social services Act (2001:453) there are few concrete statements about how social workers should assess children’s health. In this study we therefore explore how social workers in Sweden adapt to the task of assessing children’s health. Specifically, we investigate the ways in which children’s health is explained in the context of reaching conclusions about the concrete needs of children. Inspired by a social constructionist and discursive analytical approach we analysed 60 written investigations where health concerns were expressed at the point of initiating an investigation. The findings are that social workers limited their assessments of children’s health, often using only a few words when mentioning health aspects. There was a difference in how they described physical- and psychological health problems. When they did pay attention to children’s psychological health this was mostly carried out with the use of one single explanation for the cause of the health condition; parental misbehaviour. Besides, this explanation fitted the suggested support. Signs of children’s psychological problems were described by their own destructive behaviour. Physical health was only briefly mentioned and the recommendations for child support involved external assistance. This means that social workers could use a simplified explanatory model lacking descriptions of each child’s life situation. This way of limiting assessment may hinder a deeper understanding of causes and consequences and thereby impose limits on specifying the particular support the child needs.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 08/2015; 32(4). DOI:10.1007/s10560-014-0371-3
  • Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 07/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10560-015-0412-6
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    ABSTRACT: Few evidence-based methods for case management in child protection and child welfare are available. That is why Youth Protection Amsterdam Area (YPAA) developed a new method, by integrating their best practices: Intensive Family Case Management (IFCM). Because IFCM was developed in practice, clarity about its core elements and behavior acts was lacking. The purpose of this study was to establish a valid operationalization of IFCM used for implementation purposes such as training, clinical supervision and monitoring. A 74-item draft was developed to describe the behavioral acts of IFCM, based on a literature study and analysis of internal documents and training. To ensure content validity, a Delphi study was conducted. Over two rounds, professionals 1) rated the behavioral acts needed in the application of IFCM on a five-point Likert scale and 2) provided their preferred terminology. Items with consensus ratings of 80% or more were included in the final description. Selected IFCM experts rated the behavior acts over two rounds. The initial list with 74 behavior acts was reduced to 55 acts with a consensus of 80% or more. Certain behavior acts were combined, others did not lead to consensus. Based on experts’ feedback, the initial terminology of 46 behavior acts was modified. The final 55 acts were categorized in ten core elements. This study explicates the core elements of IFCM and describes the 55 necessary behavior acts in preferred and recognizable terminology. It describes the implications of these findings for the practice and gives recommendations for future research.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10560-015-0403-7
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    ABSTRACT: African American children are disproportionality diagnosed with disabilities and receive special education services. A cultural mismatch hypothesis posits that white teachers may be more likely to refer African American children for disability assessments. This study assessed differences in ratings of African American children’s (N = 126) affective, anxiety, somatic, hyperactivity, oppositional, and conduct behaviors by themselves, their mothers, and teachers. The author hypothesized that teachers would have higher ratings of all externalizing behaviors than children and that children’s ratings of all internalizing behaviors would be higher than their mothers’ and teachers’ ratings. This study found that teachers rated childrens’ hyperactive behaviors statistically significantly higher than childrens’ and mother’s ratings. Children’s ratings of their own affective, anxiety, and somatic behaviors were statistically significantly higher than mothers’ and teachers’ ratings of children’s behaviors. Professionals who are involved in conducting assessments of diagnoses for children should receive training on the diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Prevention and interventions are needed to improve internalizing behaviors among African American children and children from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. Social workers are in positions in which they can get to know children on an individual basis in and outside the school, and provide individual counseling, family support, and resources to address internalizing behaviors.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 06/2015; 32(3):229-235. DOI:10.1007/s10560-014-0363-3
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    ABSTRACT: This qualitative study, framed conceptually by notions from Queer theory and a practice model of “virtue ethics”, attempted to explore the perceptions, attitudes, and self-reported practices of a sample of school social workers in the Northeastern United States with respect to gender socialization and gender variance in the classroom. The data, collected through individual interviews, indicate that the social workers in this study seemed willing to support and to advocate for gender-variant students. However, there also appeared to be some misunderstandings about the nature of gender identity, analyzed in this article with particular reference to the notion of “homonormativity”. It is suggested that full engagement with gender-variant students requires more training, not only for social workers, but for other school personnel, and as part of professional pre-service programs.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 06/2015; 32(3). DOI:10.1007/s10560-014-0355-3
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    ABSTRACT: This study explored the impact of three risk behaviors (risky sexual behaviors, aggression, and substance use) on the peer victimization–suicide relationship. A hypothesized model was developed using an integrated conceptual model based on social cognitive theory and escape theory of suicide. This model was then tested using structural equation modeling. The participants were 7,656 males (49.8 %) and 7,708 females (50.2 %) from the 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey ranged in age from 12 years or less to over 18 years (mean = 16.1 years, SD = 1.24). Results demonstrated that peer victimization has a significant direct effect on suicidal behavior. Aggression, and substance use, but not risky sexual behavior, mediated the risk of suicide. Also, substance use has a significant direct effect on aggression that affects suicidal behavior. Findings were discussed within the context of the empirical and theoretical review and implications for social work practice were considered.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 06/2015; 32(3):257-268. DOI:10.1007/s10560-014-0365-1
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the presence of evidence-based information about child maltreatment fatalities (CMFs) and risk factors for CMFs in pre-service child welfare training curricula in the United States. In this first paper to examine the extent to which child welfare workers receive content on CMFs in their pre-service child welfare training, we reviewed curricula from 20 states. We searched for content related to risk assessment and fatality characteristics in the following areas: child risk factors, parent risk factors, and family/household risk factors. Our results suggest that workers’ receive very little content regarding CMFs. We discuss the findings with regard to child welfare training and practice.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 06/2015; 32(3). DOI:10.1007/s10560-014-0369-x
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    ABSTRACT: The connections between early maltreatment and later aggression are well established in the literature, however gaps remain in our understanding of developmental processes. This study investigates the cascading life course linkages between victimization experiences from childhood through early adulthood and later aggressive behavior. The diverse, at-risk sample is of particular importance to child and adolescent specialists, as it represents highly vulnerable youth accessible through conventional school settings. In addition to direct pathways from proximal life periods, path analysis revealed significant indirect mediated pathways through which earlier life victimization contributes to aggressive behaviors in later life periods as well as revictimization. Multivariate regressions support theorized cumulative effects of multi-form victimization as well as distinct contributions of victimization domains (emotional, witnessing, physical, property, and sexual) in explaining aggressive behavior. Consistent with theorizing about the developmental impact of early maltreatment, results bolster the importance of interrupting pathways from victimization to revictimization and later aggression. Findings are evaluated in light of implications for early identification and prevention programming.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 06/2015; 32(3):269-279.
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    ABSTRACT: Regular parent visits in foster care are linked to child well-being while in care and to reunification. Parents often face emotional and logistical challenges to visiting. Yet practices to engage with parents by encouraging visits and problem-solving barriers are inconsistent. This study explores the effect of three factors on parent visits among 75 foster children: specific caseworker efforts to engage parents around visiting, whether the visit supervisor is the caseworker or a designated foster parent, and the role that kin versus non-relative foster relationships play in visiting regularity. Logistic regression models demonstrated that caseworker attempts to engage parents have a significant effect on the regularity of parent visits. Focus groups with kin caregivers, non-relative foster parents, and caseworkers revealed a lack of clarity or agreement about who is responsible for engaging parents to attend visits.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 06/2015; 32(3):219-228. DOI:10.1007/s10560-014-0360-6
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    ABSTRACT: First-generation youth experience significant levels of intercultural contact through the educational system which may result in acculturative stress and distress that impedes acculturating youth’s development and requires further understanding of the factors that contribute to their resilience. The current study examines (N = 56) psychological and social well-being in relation to emotion regulation in the context of acculturation for youth. Results indicate that positive relationships with others, purpose in life, and environmental mastery relate to higher levels of emotion regulation. Moreover, youth attempting to maintain high levels of both cultures reported lower levels of emotion regulation indicating a conditional relationship with acculturation.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 06/2015; 32(3):281-290. DOI:10.1007/s10560-014-0370-4
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    ABSTRACT: This paper examines a 2006 Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal article (Becker-Weidman in Child Adolesc Soc Work J 23:147-171, 2006a) that purported to show the effectiveness of Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP). It is suggested that this claim, based only on weak evidence, has been the foundation of a “woozle” (Nielsen in Psychol Public Policy Law 20:164-180, 2014), a belief system that persists simply because the original statements have been repeated so often. A history of repetition and republication is traced, and current statements by the UK National Health Service and other sources are presented as evidence that acceptance of DDP began with repetition of the 2006 claims. Suggestions are made for editors and reviewers, who are in a position to prevent the creation of new woozles by carefully examining the claims made in submissions to their journals.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10560-015-0399-z
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    ABSTRACT: Using a large sample of male youth adjudicated for sexual crimes (N = 306), we examined the relationship between body disapproval, childhood sexual abuse, and sexually aggressive behaviors using four different linear regression models. In the models we explored different aspects of sexually aggressive behavior including victim age, level of sexual perpetration, use of threats, and total number of victims. We found a clinically significant statistical trend of the effect of body disapproval on victim age (p = .067). In addition, childhood sexual abuse was significantly related to all aspects of sexually aggressive behaviors (p
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10560-015-0400-x
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research was to examine a conceptual/theoretical model with negative (substance use) and positive (extracurricular activities) mediating factors between several bonding systems and violent behavior among female youth. Since much of the prior researches have focused on both males and females therefore this study is focusing on females only. Data from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health was used for this study. For the purpose of this study female research participants between the age of 12–17 were selected (N = 9383). At the stage of bivariate analysis, parental bonding system was omitted from a model before moving onto a structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis as most of the correlations between indicators of parental bonding systems and dependent variables were not significant. Revised model with two bonding systems on violent behavior through two mediating constructs, extracurricular activities and substance use were tested through the SEM and Sobel test analyses. This structural model specifies a satisfactory fit with the sample. Several mediating effects within this model, which help lower the occurrence of violent behavior, were also validated.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10560-015-0398-0
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    ABSTRACT: Research with families involved with the child welfare system across generations has largely focused on the intergenerational transmission of maltreatment. However, their feelings about being involved with child welfare as parents are largely unknown. The current study compares risk factors among first and second generation child welfare-involved mothers across a U.S. state. A random sample of mothers (n = 336) with children younger than age five in the child welfare system were interviewed. Forty-two percent of mothers reported their own childhood history of child welfare involvement. Findings showed that second generation mothers have less education, more depression and anxiety, and higher rates of intimate partner violence (IPV). Second generation mothers rated four dimensions of engagement in child welfare services lower than first generation mothers. This decreased engagement was predicted by their mental health problems, IPV, and whether they spent time in foster care as a child. Implications for practice are discussed.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10560-015-0394-4
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the relationship between community adversity and childhood internalizing and externalizing problems, and whether this relationship is moderated by service utilization and race. The study involved 3225 children ages 2–17, and their caregivers, who participated in the second cohort of the National Survey on Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Bivariate correlation and regression analysis indicate that childhood internalizing problems were correlated with sex and community adversity. Children externalizing problems were correlated with race, sex, service utilization, and community adversity. Childhood internalizing and externalizing problems were highly correlated. Regression analysis reveals a strong relationship between community adversity and childhood externalizing problems. Service utilization was found to significantly and positively moderate the relationship between community adversity and externalizing problems. While a strong correlation between race and childhood externalizing problems exist, race did not moderate the relationship between community adversity and externalizing problems. Internalizing problems were excluded from the regression analysis since it did not correlate with any of the moderator variables. The findings are discussed and the study limitations are examined. Implications for child welfare practice, policy, and research are highlighted.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10560-015-0395-3
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    ABSTRACT: Emerging adults (18-25) aging out of foster care are more likely than their peers who did not age out to experience poor outcomes. Using content analytic procedures, this study analyzed semi-structured interviews (n = 134) and four focus groups with homeless emerging adults, including a subset that aged out of foster care. Findings indicate participants who aged out reported a perception of learned helplessness. The study explores participants’ perceptions of possible contributors to learned helplessness including systemic causes. Participants discuss concerns that the child welfare system may inhibit youth in the development of self-efficacy, motivation, and the belief that they can affect future events. Recommendations for practice and policy are discussed.
    Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 04/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10560-015-0389-1